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Full-Text Articles in Education

Association Of Urban Green Space With Mental Health And General Health Among Adults In Australia, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2019

Association Of Urban Green Space With Mental Health And General Health Among Adults In Australia, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Importance: Recent studies indicate that living near more green space may support mental and general health and may also prevent depression. However, most studies are cross-sectional, and few have considered whether some types of green space matter more for mental health.

Objective: To assess whether total green space or specific types of green space are associated with better mental health.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included a residentially stable, city-dwelling sample of 46786 participants from Sydney, Wollongong, and Newcastle, Australia, in the baseline of the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study (data collected from January 1, 2006 ...


Proposing A Haptic Approach To Facilitating L2 Learners' Pragmatic Competence, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, William Acton Jan 2019

Proposing A Haptic Approach To Facilitating L2 Learners' Pragmatic Competence, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, William Acton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Pragmatic competence plays a critical role in successful communication. Pragmatics in the second language classroom has received substantial interest in TESOL, yet teachers often find the teaching of pragmatics challenging. Instruction generally tends to focus on grammar and vocabulary development, even though pragmatics is closely linked to the sound system (i.e., phonology) of the language. An effective method should combine attention to both pragmatic and phonological competence. We propose an integrated approach, drawing on haptic (movement and touch) pronunciation teaching techniques (Acton, Baker, Burri & Teaman, 2013) to facilitate study and uptake of pragmatics in the classroom. In part by ...


Association Between Breaks In Sitting Time And Adiposity In Australian Toddlers: Results From The Get-Up! Study, Eduarda Manuela De Sousa Rodrigues De Sa, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Sanne L.C Veldman, Anthony D. Okely, Rute Santos Jan 2019

Association Between Breaks In Sitting Time And Adiposity In Australian Toddlers: Results From The Get-Up! Study, Eduarda Manuela De Sousa Rodrigues De Sa, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Sanne L.C Veldman, Anthony D. Okely, Rute Santos

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: In youth, research on the health benefits of breaking up sitting time is inconsistent. Our aim was to explore the association between the number of breaks in sitting time and adiposity in Australian toddlers. Methods: This study comprised 266 toddlers (52% boys), aged 19.6 ± 4.2 months from the GET-UP! Study, Australia. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and z-scores by age and sex were computed for waist circumference (WC). Participants were classified as overweight according to the WHO criteria for BMI. For WC, participants with a z-score≥1SD were considered overweight. Sitting time was assessed with activPALs ...


Who Drinks Sugar Sweetened Beverages And Juice? An Australian Population Study Of Behaviour, Awareness And Attitudes, Caroline Miller, Melanie Dr Melanie Wakefield, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, David Roder, Kerin O'Dea, Kerry Ettridge, Joanne Dono Jan 2019

Who Drinks Sugar Sweetened Beverages And Juice? An Australian Population Study Of Behaviour, Awareness And Attitudes, Caroline Miller, Melanie Dr Melanie Wakefield, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, David Roder, Kerin O'Dea, Kerry Ettridge, Joanne Dono

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: The rate of overweight and obesity in Australia is among the highest in the world. Yet Australia lags other countries in developing comprehensive educative or regulatory responses to address sugary drink consumption, a key modifiable risk factor that contributes substantial excess sugar to the diet. Measurement of sugary drink consumption is typically sporadic and nutrition focussed and there is limited knowledge of community perceptions and awareness of the health risks associated with excess sugary drink consumption. The aim of this study was to assess the demographic characteristics, behavioural risk factors and attitudes and knowledge associated with sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB ...


An Internet-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (Time2bhealthy) For Parents Of Preschool-Aged Children: Randomized Controlled Trial, Megan Hammersley, Anthony D. Okely, Marijka Batterham, Rachel A. Jones Jan 2019

An Internet-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (Time2bhealthy) For Parents Of Preschool-Aged Children: Randomized Controlled Trial, Megan Hammersley, Anthony D. Okely, Marijka Batterham, Rachel A. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) obesity programs offer benefits to traditionally delivered programs and have shown promise in improving obesity-related behaviors in children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a parent-focused, internet-based healthy lifestyle program for preschool-aged children, who are overweight or at or above the fiftieth percentile for body mass index (BMI) for their age and sex, on child BMI, obesity-related behaviors, parent modeling, and parent self-efficacy. METHODS: The Time2bHealthy randomized controlled trial was conducted in Australia, during 2016 to 2017. Participants were recruited both online and through more traditional means within the community. Parent or carer ...


Networked Individualism And Learning In Organizations: An Ego-Network Perspective On Informal Learning Ties, Bieke Schreurs, Antoine Van Den Beemt, Nienke Moolenaar, Maarten F. De Laat Jan 2019

Networked Individualism And Learning In Organizations: An Ego-Network Perspective On Informal Learning Ties, Bieke Schreurs, Antoine Van Den Beemt, Nienke Moolenaar, Maarten F. De Laat

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the extent professionals from the vocational sector are networked individuals. The authors explore how professionals use their personal networks to engage in a wide variety of learning activities and examine what social mechanisms influence professionals' agency to form personal informal learning networks. Design/methodology/approach: This study applied a mixed-method approach to data collection. Social network data were gathered among school professionals working in the vocational sector. Ego-network analysis was performed. A total of 24 in-depth, semi-structured, qualitative interviews were analyzed. Findings: This study found that networked individualism is not represented to its full ...


Time Effects On Resting Eeg In Children With/Without Ad/Hd, Dawei Zhang, Stuart J. Johnstone, Hui Li, Robert J. Barry, Adam R. Clarke, Qihua Zhao, Yan Song, Lu Liu, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Li Sun Jan 2019

Time Effects On Resting Eeg In Children With/Without Ad/Hd, Dawei Zhang, Stuart J. Johnstone, Hui Li, Robert J. Barry, Adam R. Clarke, Qihua Zhao, Yan Song, Lu Liu, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Li Sun

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In this study we extend on behavioural evidence to examine the effect of time on EEG measures related to arousal and emotion/motivation in children with/without AD/HD. Thirty children with AD/HD and 30 age- and sex-matched controls participated. EEG was recorded during an eyes-closed resting condition and divided into three 2.5 min blocks after pre-processing. Time effects for absolute and relative alpha activity were found in healthy controls; these effects did not interact with AD/HD status. Interactions between time and AD/HD status were found for absolute theta, relative theta, and theta/beta ratio (TBR ...


Increased Beta Activity Links To Impaired Emotional Control In Adhd Adults With High Iq, Hui Li, Qihua Zhao, Fang Huang, Qingjiu Cao, Stuart J. Johnstone, Yufeng Wang, Changming Wang, Li Sun Jan 2019

Increased Beta Activity Links To Impaired Emotional Control In Adhd Adults With High Iq, Hui Li, Qihua Zhao, Fang Huang, Qingjiu Cao, Stuart J. Johnstone, Yufeng Wang, Changming Wang, Li Sun

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: The present study investigated the neuropathology of everyday-life executive function (EF) deficits in adults with ADHD with high IQ. Method: Forty adults with ADHD with an IQ ≥ 120 and 40 controls were recruited. Ecological EFs were measured, and eyes-closed Electroencephalograph (EEG) signals were recorded during a resting-state condition; EEG power and correlations with impaired EFs were analyzed. Results: Compared with controls, the ADHD group showed higher scores on all clusters of EF. The ADHD group showed globally increased theta, globally decreased alpha, and increased central beta activity. In the ADHD group, central beta power was significantly related to emotional ...


The Cognitive Basis For The Split-Attention Effect, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Gertjan Rop, Bjorn De Koning, Fred Paas Jan 2019

The Cognitive Basis For The Split-Attention Effect, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Gertjan Rop, Bjorn De Koning, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The split-attention effect entails that learning from spatially separated, but mutually referring information sources (e.g., text and picture), is less effective than learning from the equivalent spatially integrated sources. According to cognitive load theory, impaired learning is caused by the working memory load imposed by the need to distribute attention between the information sources and mentally integrate them. In this study, we directly tested whether the split-attention effect is caused by spatial separation per se. Spatial distance was varied in basic cognitive tasks involving pictures (Experiment 1) and text-picture combinations (Experiment 2; preregistered study), and in more ecologically valid ...


Adherence To Southern European Atlantic Diet And Physical Fitness On The Atherogenic Index Of Plasma In Adolescents, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Arieli Dias, Caroline Brand, Sigute Norkiene, Sandra Abreu, Adroaldo Gaya, Anelise Gaya, Luis Carlos Oliveira Lopes, Carla Moreira, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos Jan 2019

Adherence To Southern European Atlantic Diet And Physical Fitness On The Atherogenic Index Of Plasma In Adolescents, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Arieli Dias, Caroline Brand, Sigute Norkiene, Sandra Abreu, Adroaldo Gaya, Anelise Gaya, Luis Carlos Oliveira Lopes, Carla Moreira, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

We sought (i) to evaluate the associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), muscular fitness (MF) and Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEADiet) with atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) and (ii) to investigate de combined association of MF, CRF and SEADiet on AIP in adolescents. A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted on 493 adolescents (285 girls and 208 boys) aged 15-18 years, from the Portuguese Azorean Archipelago. CRF was measured by shuttle run test and MF by curl up and push up tests. Adherence to SEADiet was assessed with a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The AIP was estimated as log (TG/HDL-C ...


Flexible Learning Spaces Facilitate Interaction, Collaboration And Behavioural Engagement In Secondary School, Katharina Elisabeth Kariippanon, Dylan P. Cliff, Sarah Lancaster, Anthony D. Okely, Anne-Maree Parrish Jan 2019

Flexible Learning Spaces Facilitate Interaction, Collaboration And Behavioural Engagement In Secondary School, Katharina Elisabeth Kariippanon, Dylan P. Cliff, Sarah Lancaster, Anthony D. Okely, Anne-Maree Parrish

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Globally, many schools are replacing traditional classrooms with innovative flexible learning spaces to improve academic outcomes. Little is known about the effect on classroom behaviour. Students from nine secondary schools (n = 60, M age = 13.2±1.0y) were observed via momentary time sampling for a 30 minute period, in both a traditionally furnished and arranged classroom and a flexible learning space containing a variety of furniture options to accommodate different pedagogical approaches and learning styles. The teaching approaches in both conditions were documented. In traditional classrooms the approach was predominantly teacher-led and in the flexible learning space it was ...


Recreational Ecology: A Review Of Research And Gap Analysis, Daminda Sumanapala, Isabelle D. Wolf Jan 2019

Recreational Ecology: A Review Of Research And Gap Analysis, Daminda Sumanapala, Isabelle D. Wolf

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Recreational ecology is an internationally evolving research field addressing the high demand for nature-based tourism and recreation, and its environmental impacts. This review aimed to analyze the research effort of recreational ecology studies published in four renowned journals in the field, the Journal of Sustainable Tourism, Tourism Management, the Journal of Environmental Management, and Environmental Management. Between 1976 and 2017, this review identified 145 papers focused on recreational ecology. The majority of research investigated the direct impacts of terrestrial activities in protected areas, in particular the impacts of walking and hiking on vegetation and trail conditions, and the impacts of ...


"I Feel My Body Moving And I Hear The Word": Using Gesture-Like Movement To Enhance Productive Word Recall, Bianca Mister Colmenares, Michael S. Burri Jan 2019

"I Feel My Body Moving And I Hear The Word": Using Gesture-Like Movement To Enhance Productive Word Recall, Bianca Mister Colmenares, Michael S. Burri

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Have you ever been in a situation where you just can't quite think of the word you want to say? You know the word. Perhaps you've used the word many times before. But for some reason, on this occasion you just can't recall and produce the precise word you want. It's in your mind, you know it's there, but it just won't come out. This is a linguistic event which has been quite widely researched and is known as the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon. Add to the mix the fact that you are learning a second ...


Global Benchmarking Of Children's Exposure To Television Advertising Of Unhealthy Foods And Beverages Across 22 Countries, Bridget Kelly, Stefanie Vandevijvere, See Hoe Ng, Jean Adams, Lorena Allemandi, Liliana Bahena-Espina, Simon Barquera, Emma J. Boyland, Paul Calleja, Isabel Cristina Carmona-Garces, Luciana Castronuovo, Daniel Cauchi, Teresa Correa, Camila Corvalan, Emma Cosenza-Quintana, Carlos Fernandez-Escobar, Laura Gonzalez-Zapata, Jason C. Halford, Nongnuch Jaichuen, Melissa Jensen, Tilakavati Karupaiah, Asha Kaur, Maria Kroker-Lobos, Zandile Mchiza, Krista Miklavec, Whadi-Ah Parker, Monique Potvin Kent, Igor Pravst, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Sascha Reiff, Marcela Reyes, Miguel Royo-Bordonada, Putthipanya Rueangsom, Peter Scarborough, Maria Tiscornia, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Jillian Wate, Martin White, Irina Zamora-Corrales, Lingxia Zeng, Boyd A. Swinburn Jan 2019

Global Benchmarking Of Children's Exposure To Television Advertising Of Unhealthy Foods And Beverages Across 22 Countries, Bridget Kelly, Stefanie Vandevijvere, See Hoe Ng, Jean Adams, Lorena Allemandi, Liliana Bahena-Espina, Simon Barquera, Emma J. Boyland, Paul Calleja, Isabel Cristina Carmona-Garces, Luciana Castronuovo, Daniel Cauchi, Teresa Correa, Camila Corvalan, Emma Cosenza-Quintana, Carlos Fernandez-Escobar, Laura Gonzalez-Zapata, Jason C. Halford, Nongnuch Jaichuen, Melissa Jensen, Tilakavati Karupaiah, Asha Kaur, Maria Kroker-Lobos, Zandile Mchiza, Krista Miklavec, Whadi-Ah Parker, Monique Potvin Kent, Igor Pravst, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Sascha Reiff, Marcela Reyes, Miguel Royo-Bordonada, Putthipanya Rueangsom, Peter Scarborough, Maria Tiscornia, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Jillian Wate, Martin White, Irina Zamora-Corrales, Lingxia Zeng, Boyd A. Swinburn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Restricting children's exposures to marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages is a global obesity prevention priority. Monitoring marketing exposures supports informed policymaking. This study presents a global overview of children's television advertising exposure to healthy and unhealthy products. Twenty-two countries contributed data, captured between 2008 and 2017. Advertisements were coded for the nature of foods and beverages, using the 2015 World Health Organization (WHO) Europe Nutrient Profile Model (should be permitted/not-permitted to be advertised). Peak viewing times were defined as the top five hour timeslots for children. On average, there were four times more advertisements for foods ...


Accounts From Developers Of Generic Health State Utility Instruments Explain Why They Produce Different Qalys: A Qualitative Study, Kristen Pickles, Emily Lancsar, Janelle Seymour, David Parkin, Cam Donaldson, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2019

Accounts From Developers Of Generic Health State Utility Instruments Explain Why They Produce Different Qalys: A Qualitative Study, Kristen Pickles, Emily Lancsar, Janelle Seymour, David Parkin, Cam Donaldson, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Purpose and setting: Despite the label "generic" health state utility instruments (HSUIs), empirical evidence shows that different HSUIs generate different estimates of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in the same person. Once a HSUI is used to generate a QALY, the difference between HSUIs is often ignored, and decision-makers act as if 'a QALY is a QALY is a QALY'. Complementing evidence that different generic HSUIs produce different empirical values, this study addresses an important gap by exploring how HSUIs differ, and processes that produced this difference. 15 developers of six generic HSUIs used for estimating the QOL component of ...


Cognitive Architecture And Instructional Design: 20 Years Later, John Sweller, Jeroen J. G Van Merrienboer, Fred Paas Jan 2019

Cognitive Architecture And Instructional Design: 20 Years Later, John Sweller, Jeroen J. G Van Merrienboer, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Cognitive load theory was introduced in the 1980s as an instructional design theory based on several uncontroversial aspects of human cognitive architecture. Our knowledge of many of the characteristics of working memory, long-term memory and the relations between them had been well-established for many decades prior to the introduction of the theory. Curiously, this knowledge had had a limited impact on the field of instructional design with most instructional design recommendations proceeding as though working memory and long-term memory did not exist. In contrast, cognitive load theory emphasised that all novel information first is processed by a capacity and duration ...


International Consensus Statement On The Psychosocial And Policy-Related Approaches To Mental Health Awareness Programmes In Sport, Gavin Breslin, Andy Smith, Brad Donohue, Paul Donnelly, Stephen Shannon, Tandy Haughey, Stewart A. Vella, Christian F. Swann, Stewart Cotterill, Tadhg Macintyre, Tim Rogers, Gerard Leavey Jan 2019

International Consensus Statement On The Psychosocial And Policy-Related Approaches To Mental Health Awareness Programmes In Sport, Gavin Breslin, Andy Smith, Brad Donohue, Paul Donnelly, Stephen Shannon, Tandy Haughey, Stewart A. Vella, Christian F. Swann, Stewart Cotterill, Tadhg Macintyre, Tim Rogers, Gerard Leavey

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Research focused on mental health in sport has revealed a need to develop evidence-supported mental health practices that are sensitive to sport culture, particularly for non-elite athletes. A consensus statement was produced to assist effective mental health awareness in sport and guide programme implementation in this rapidly emerging field.

Method: The AGREE Reporting Checklist 2016 was used in two international expert consultation meetings, followed by two online surveys. Experts from 10 countries and over 30 organisations contributed.

Results: Six objectives were agreed: (1) to define mental health awareness and service implementation constructs for inclusion in programmes delivered in sporting ...


Parenting And Personality Disorder: An Overview And Meta-Synthesis Of Systematic Reviews, Kayla Steele, Michelle L. Townsend, Brin F. S Grenyer Jan 2019

Parenting And Personality Disorder: An Overview And Meta-Synthesis Of Systematic Reviews, Kayla Steele, Michelle L. Townsend, Brin F. S Grenyer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background/Objectives: Maladaptive parenting (including childhood maltreatment, abuse and neglect) has been implicated in the scientific literature exploring the aetiology of personality disorder, particularly borderline personality disorder (BPD). Our primary objective was to summarise the evidence on the relationship between parenting and personality disorder, assisting clinical decision-makers to translate this research into clinical policy and practice.

Methods: We conducted an overview of systematic reviews that assessed individuals with personality disorder pathology for experiences of maladaptive parenting, compared to psychiatric or healthy comparisons/controls, and the impact on psychopathological and relational outcomes. Systematic literature searches were conducted in Scopus, Web of ...


The Uk Labour Party Wants To Abolish Private Schools - Could We Do That In Australia?, Paul Andrew Kidson Jan 2019

The Uk Labour Party Wants To Abolish Private Schools - Could We Do That In Australia?, Paul Andrew Kidson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The UK's Labour Party recently voted in a policy to effectively abolish private schools and integrate them into the state system. This is a courageous move designed to redress social inequity - many of those working in the top levels of the UK government were educated in private schools. Two of Britain's three most recent prime ministers went to the prestigious Eton College, which charges annual fees of more than £40,000. The UK opposition party's plan will likely warm the hearts of similarly minded Australians. Many of the same arguments about educational inequality have been floated in ...


How Do Students Adapt In Response To Academic Failure?, Rola Ajjawi, David J. Boud, Nadine Zacharias, Mary Dracup, Sue Bennett Jan 2019

How Do Students Adapt In Response To Academic Failure?, Rola Ajjawi, David J. Boud, Nadine Zacharias, Mary Dracup, Sue Bennett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Ensuring student success has long been on the research agenda in higher education. In this study, we seek to understand if the changes students make in light of academic failure are consistent with this literature. Little is known about students who fail but subsequently persist in their studies. Through an online survey with students who had failed and persisted, we identified drivers for persistence and how students adapted in response to academic failure. Thematic analysis showed that the majority of students did not seek institutional support following academic failure but they did seek support from peers, family and friends. These ...


Focusing On An Illusion: Accommodating To Perceived Depth?, Trent Koessler, Harold C. Hill Jan 2019

Focusing On An Illusion: Accommodating To Perceived Depth?, Trent Koessler, Harold C. Hill

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Ocular accommodation potentially provides information about depth but there is little evidence that this information is used by the human visual system. We use the hollow-face illusion, an illusion of depth reversal, to investigate whether accommodation is linked to perceived depth. In Experiment 1 accommodation, like vergence, was in front of the physical surface of the mask when the mask was upright and people reported experiencing the illusion. Accommodation to the illusory face did not differ significantly from accommodation to the physically convex back surface of the same mask. Only accommodation to the inverted mask seen as hollow was significantly ...


Sleep-Dependent Selective Imitation In Infants, Carolin Konrad, Nora D. Dirks, Annegret Warmuth, Jane S. Herbert, Silvia Schneider, Sabine Seehagen Jan 2019

Sleep-Dependent Selective Imitation In Infants, Carolin Konrad, Nora D. Dirks, Annegret Warmuth, Jane S. Herbert, Silvia Schneider, Sabine Seehagen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In adults, sleep selectively consolidates those memories that are relevant for future events. The present study tested whether napping after encoding plays a role in selective memory consolidation in infants. Infants aged 15 and 24 months (n = 48 per age) were randomly assigned to a nap or a no-nap demonstration condition, or a baseline control condition. In the demonstration conditions, infants observed an experimenter perform an irrelevant action followed by a relevant action to achieve a desirable outcome on four different toys. Infant imitation of irrelevant and relevant actions was coded at a test session that occurred after a 24-hr ...


Moving To L2 Fluency: The Tai Ball Chi Technique, Michael S. Burri, William Acton, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2019

Moving To L2 Fluency: The Tai Ball Chi Technique, Michael S. Burri, William Acton, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

One of the challenges faced by teachers is to successfully guide second language learners to integrate what they learn as part of controlled classroom practice into daily conversation outside of the classroom. This paper introduces one particular haptic (movement and touch) technique, the Tai Ball Chi, that, when used appropriately, supports learners to develop fluent, intelligible speech. The Tai Ball Chi brings together what students have previously learned about syllable reduction, linking, and thought group use and provides a vehicle with which they can practice these features together, and over time, integrate them into conversation.


Opportunities For Better Use Of Collective Action Theory In Research And Governance For Invasive Species Management, Sonia Graham, Alexander Metcalf, Nicholas J. Gill, Rebecca Niemiec, Carlo Moreno, Thomas Bach, Victoria Ikutegbe, Lars Hallstrom, Zhao Ma, Alice Lubeck Jan 2019

Opportunities For Better Use Of Collective Action Theory In Research And Governance For Invasive Species Management, Sonia Graham, Alexander Metcalf, Nicholas J. Gill, Rebecca Niemiec, Carlo Moreno, Thomas Bach, Victoria Ikutegbe, Lars Hallstrom, Zhao Ma, Alice Lubeck

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Controlling invasive species presents a public-good dilemma. Although environmental, social, and economic benefits of control accrue to society, costs are borne by only a few individuals and organizations. For decades, policy makers have used incentives and sanctions to encourage or coerce individual actors to contribute to the public good, with limited success. Diverse, subnational efforts to collectively manage invasive plants, insects, and animals provide effective alternatives to traditional command-and-control approaches. Despite this work, there has been little systematic evaluation of collective efforts to determine whether there are consistent principles underpinning success. We reviewed 32 studies to identify the extent to ...


Effects Of Self-Assessment Feedback On Self-Assessment And Task-Selection Accuracy, Steven F. Raaijmakers, Martine Baars, Fred Paas, Jeroen J. G Van Merrienboer, Tamara Van Gog Jan 2019

Effects Of Self-Assessment Feedback On Self-Assessment And Task-Selection Accuracy, Steven F. Raaijmakers, Martine Baars, Fred Paas, Jeroen J. G Van Merrienboer, Tamara Van Gog

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Effective self-regulated learning in settings in which students can decide what tasks to work on, requires accurate self-assessment (i.e., a judgment of own level of performance) as well as accurate task selection (i.e., choosing a subsequent task that fits the current level of performance). Because self-assessment accuracy is often low, task-selection accuracy suffers as well and, consequently, self-regulated learning can lead to suboptimal learning outcomes. Recent studies have shown that a training with video modeling examples enhanced self-assessment accuracy on problem-solving tasks, but the training was not equally effective for every student and, overall, there was room for ...


Pharmacists And Patients Sharing Decisions About Medicines: Development And Feasibility Of A Conversation Guide, Kristie Weir, Carissa Bonner, Kirsten Mccaffery, Vasi Naganathan, Stacy M. Carter, Debbie Rigby, Lyndal Trevena, Andrew J. Mclachlan, Jesse Jansen Jan 2019

Pharmacists And Patients Sharing Decisions About Medicines: Development And Feasibility Of A Conversation Guide, Kristie Weir, Carissa Bonner, Kirsten Mccaffery, Vasi Naganathan, Stacy M. Carter, Debbie Rigby, Lyndal Trevena, Andrew J. Mclachlan, Jesse Jansen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: In Australia, the Home Medicines Review (HMR) is a nationally-funded program, led by pharmacists to optimize medication use for older people. A Medicines Conversation Guide was developed for pharmacists to use in the context of a HMR. The Guide aims to increase patient involvement and support discussions about: general health understanding, decision-making and information preferences, health priorities related to medicines, patient goals and fears, views on important activities and trade-offs.

Objective: This study describes the development and feasibility testing of a Medicines Conversation Guide in HMRs with pharmacists and older patients.

Methods: The Guide was developed using a systematic ...


Does Dissatisfaction With, Or Accurate Perception Of Overweight Status Help People Reduce Weight? Longitudinal Study Of Australian Adults, Xiaoqi Feng, Andrew Wilson Jan 2019

Does Dissatisfaction With, Or Accurate Perception Of Overweight Status Help People Reduce Weight? Longitudinal Study Of Australian Adults, Xiaoqi Feng, Andrew Wilson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: With studies around the world suggesting a large proportion of people do not recognise that they are overweight (or feel satisfied with being overweight), this fuels the view that such 'misperceptions' need to be 'corrected'. However, few longitudinal studies have examined the consequences of under-perceived weight status, nor over-perceived weight status (when a person feels overweight when they are not) and weight-related satisfaction on trajectories in body mass index (BMI).

Methods: Five-year BMI trajectories were examined among 8174 participants in an Australian nationally representative cohort. Each person was classified into groups according to their neighbourhood socioeconomic circumstances, baseline BMI ...


Developing And Applying A Deductive Coding Framework To Assess The Goals Of Citizen/Community Jury Deliberations, Anna Mae Scott, Rebecca Sims, Christopher J. Degeling, Stacy M. Carter, Rae Thomas Jan 2019

Developing And Applying A Deductive Coding Framework To Assess The Goals Of Citizen/Community Jury Deliberations, Anna Mae Scott, Rebecca Sims, Christopher J. Degeling, Stacy M. Carter, Rae Thomas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Public participation in health policy decision making is thought to improve the quality of the decisions and enhance their legitimacy. Citizen/Community Juries (CJs) are a form of public participation that aims to elicit an informed community perspective on controversial topics. Reporting standards for CJ processes have already been proposed. However, less clarity exists about the standards for what constitutes a good quality CJ deliberation-we aim to begin to address this gap here.

Methods: We identified the goals that underlie CJs and searched the literature to identify existing frameworks assessing the quality of CJ deliberations. We then mapped the ...


Building Conceptual Knowledge Of Fraction Operations Among Pre-Service Teachers: Effect Of A Representation-Based Teaching Approach Within A Teacher Education Program, Elise J. Thurtell, Patricia A. Forrester, Mohan Chinnappan Jan 2019

Building Conceptual Knowledge Of Fraction Operations Among Pre-Service Teachers: Effect Of A Representation-Based Teaching Approach Within A Teacher Education Program, Elise J. Thurtell, Patricia A. Forrester, Mohan Chinnappan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A deep understanding of fraction concepts and operations is necessary if pre-service teachers (PSTs) are to present the concepts in multiple forms to learners. Such an understanding needs to be grounded in rich conceptual knowledge. In the present study, we explore the development of this understanding by supporting a cohort of 103 PSTs, who had previously demonstrated poor conceptual understanding of fraction concepts and operations, with a Representational Reasoning in Teaching and Learning (RRTL) approach aimed at strengthening their conceptual knowledge. A comparison of pre- and post-test results indicated that participants showed a significant improvement in shifting the balance of ...


Preface: Special Issue On Environmental Impact Of Nature‐Based Tourism., Ronda J. Green, David B. Croft, Isabelle D. Wolf Jan 2019

Preface: Special Issue On Environmental Impact Of Nature‐Based Tourism., Ronda J. Green, David B. Croft, Isabelle D. Wolf

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Tourism is growing rapidly throughout the world, including nature‐based tourism, but natural habitats are shrinking. How do we avoid damaging what is left as an increasing number of visitors wish to experience nature or enjoy adventure or relaxation in natural surroundings? This issue explores various environmental impact factors, from the physical effects of trampling through the disturbance of wildlife to the attitudes of visitors and how well‐run tourism ventures might modify their behavior.