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Full-Text Articles in Education

Co-Thought Gesturing Supports More Complex Problem Solving In Subjects With Lower Visual Working-Memory Capacity, Charly Eielts, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Kim Ouwehand, Tamara Van Gog, Rolf A. Zwaan, Fred Paas Jan 2018

Co-Thought Gesturing Supports More Complex Problem Solving In Subjects With Lower Visual Working-Memory Capacity, Charly Eielts, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Kim Ouwehand, Tamara Van Gog, Rolf A. Zwaan, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

During silent problem solving, hand gestures arise that have no communicative intent. The role of such co-thought gestures in cognition has been understudied in cognitive research as compared to co-speech gestures. We investigated whether gesticulation during silent problem solving supported subsequent performance in a Tower of Hanoi problem-solving task, in relation to visual working-memory capacity and task complexity. Seventy-six participants were assigned to either an instructed gesture condition or a condition that allowed them to gesture, but without explicit instructions to do so. This resulted in three gesture groups: (1) non-gesturing; (2) spontaneous gesturing; (3) instructed gesturing. In line with ...


Development, Implementation And Evaluation Of Australia's First National Continuing Medical Education Program For The Timely Diagnosis And Management Of Dementia In General Practice, Heike Schutze, Allan Shell, Henry Brodaty Jan 2018

Development, Implementation And Evaluation Of Australia's First National Continuing Medical Education Program For The Timely Diagnosis And Management Of Dementia In General Practice, Heike Schutze, Allan Shell, Henry Brodaty

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Dementia is the second leading cause of death in Australia. Over half of patients with dementia are undiagnosed in primary care. This paper describes the development, implementation and initial evaluation of the first national continuing medical education program on the timely diagnosis and management of dementia in general practice in Australia. Methods: Continuing medical education workshops were developed and run in 16 urban and rural locations across Australia (12 were delivered as small group workshops, four as large groups), and via online modules. Two train-the-trainer workshops were held. The target audience was general practitioners, however, international medical graduates, GP ...


Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Affective Wellbeing Among Adolescents: An Observational Study Of The Moderating Roles Of Autonomous And Controlled Motivation, Rhiannon L. White, Philip Parker, David R. Lubans, Freya Macmillan, Rebecca Olson, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale Jan 2018

Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Affective Wellbeing Among Adolescents: An Observational Study Of The Moderating Roles Of Autonomous And Controlled Motivation, Rhiannon L. White, Philip Parker, David R. Lubans, Freya Macmillan, Rebecca Olson, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Abundant evidence demonstrates a relationship between physical activity and mental wellbeing. However, the strength of the relationship is not consistent. Factors contributing to variation in the strength of association are not well understood and, therefore, it remains difficult to optimize physical activity to ensure the strongest possible relationship with mental health. Self-determination theory suggests that more autonomously motivated behaviors lead to better mental health outcomes, when compared to more controlled behaviors. Therefore, we examined whether autonomous and controlled motivation moderated the relationships between physical activity and affective wellbeing within two domains (i.e., leisure-time and active travel). Methods: Between ...


Improving Interns' Patient-Physician Communication Skills: Application Of Self-Efficacy Theory, A Pilot Study, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Saeideh Ghaffarifar, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Amirhossein Akbarzadeh Jan 2018

Improving Interns' Patient-Physician Communication Skills: Application Of Self-Efficacy Theory, A Pilot Study, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Saeideh Ghaffarifar, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Amirhossein Akbarzadeh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Aim: This quasi-experimental study explored application of the self-efficacy theory in improving self-efficacy, communication skills and patient satisfaction among medical interns. Methods: This study was conducted among 70 medical intern students. Being selected by human judgment and homogenous sampling method, participants were assigned into control and intervention groups. Participants in the invention group received an e-book, two one-on-one training sessions and feedback on their shared experiences in group discussions by peers. The Kirkpatrick model was applied to evaluate the intervention. Participants' knowledge, self-efficacy and communication skills as well as their patients' satisfaction were assessed. Data from self and observational assessments ...


Supporting Youth Wellbeing With A Focus On Eating Well And Being Active: Views From An Aboriginal Community Deliberative Forum, Jacqueline M. Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson Jan 2018

Supporting Youth Wellbeing With A Focus On Eating Well And Being Active: Views From An Aboriginal Community Deliberative Forum, Jacqueline M. Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: Including and prioritising community voice in policy development means policy is more likely to reflect community values and priorities. This project trialled and evaluated a storyboard approach in a deliberative community forum to engage Australian Aboriginal people in health policy priority setting. Methods: The forum was co-constructed with two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations. A circle storyboard was used to centre Aboriginal community knowledge and values and encourage the group to engage with broader perspectives and evidence. The forum asked a diverse (descriptively representative) group of Aboriginal people in a rural town what governments should do to support the wellbeing of ...


Shores: Sharks, Nets And More-Than-Human Territory In Eastern Australia, Leah Maree Gibbs Jan 2018

Shores: Sharks, Nets And More-Than-Human Territory In Eastern Australia, Leah Maree Gibbs

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In Australia, for eight months of each year Sydney's most popular beaches are laced with fishing nets. Stretching 150 metres (492 feet) across, and set within 500 metres (1,640 feet) of the shore, the nets are anchored off fifty-one beaches between Newcastle in the north and Wollongong in the south. The aim of the Shark Meshing (Bather Protection) Program NSW is to reduce the risk of dangerous encounters between sharks and people, and specifically to deter sharks from establishing territories (Department of Primary Industries NSW 2009, 2015). Program managers achieve such ends by devising and deploying tools and ...


From Troublesome Materials To Fluid Technologies: Making And Playing With Plastic-Bag Footballs, Natascha Klocker, Paul Mbenna, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2018

From Troublesome Materials To Fluid Technologies: Making And Playing With Plastic-Bag Footballs, Natascha Klocker, Paul Mbenna, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The material recalcitrance of plastic bags - evident in their refusal to decompose and their capacity to evade neat disposal - is a widespread source of environmental concern and frustration. Yet throughout the Majority (developing) World, the incessant materiality of plastic affords boys and young men an opportunity to make footballs (soccer balls) out of waste. Made in situ, plasticbag footballs are uniquely suited to local contexts and landscapes - a resourceful technology assembled from otherwise troublesome materials. Plastic-bag footballs are also fluid: perpetually in-the-making and characterized by diverse states of working order. Insights garnered from discussions with young Tanzanian football-makers and players ...


Optimal Adherence To A Mediterranean Diet May Not Overcome The Deleterious Effects Of Low Physical Fitness On Cardiovascular Disease Risk In Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Pooled Analysis, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Rute Santos, Rafaela Rosario, Carla Moreira, Luis Carlos Oliveira Lopes, Jorge Mota, Arvydas Martinkenas, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Robinson Ramirez-Velez Jan 2018

Optimal Adherence To A Mediterranean Diet May Not Overcome The Deleterious Effects Of Low Physical Fitness On Cardiovascular Disease Risk In Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Pooled Analysis, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Rute Santos, Rafaela Rosario, Carla Moreira, Luis Carlos Oliveira Lopes, Jorge Mota, Arvydas Martinkenas, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Robinson Ramirez-Velez

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

To examine the combined association of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), muscular fitness (MF), and adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) on cardiovascular risk in adolescents, a pooled study, including cross-sectional data from two projects [2477 adolescents (1320 girls) aged 12-18 years], was completed. A shuttle run test was used to assess CRF. MF was assessed by the standing-long jump and handgrip tests. Adherence to a MeDiet was assessed by the Kidmed questionnaire. A cardiovascular risk score was computed from the following components: Age and sex, waist circumference, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and glucose. Analysis of covariance showed ...


Embodied Uncertainty: Living With Complexity And Natural Hazards, Victoria Sword-Daniels, Christine Eriksen, Emma E. Hudson-Doyle, Ryan Alaniz, Carolina Adler, Todd Schenk, Suzanne Vallance Jan 2018

Embodied Uncertainty: Living With Complexity And Natural Hazards, Victoria Sword-Daniels, Christine Eriksen, Emma E. Hudson-Doyle, Ryan Alaniz, Carolina Adler, Todd Schenk, Suzanne Vallance

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In this paper, we examine the concept of embodied uncertainty by exploring multiple dimensions of uncertainty in the context of risks associated with extreme natural hazards. We highlight a need for greater recognition, particularly by disaster management and response agencies, of uncertainty as a subjective experience for those living at risk. Embodied uncertainty is distinguished from objective uncertainty by the nature of its internalisation at the individual level, where it is subjective, felt and directly experienced. This approach provides a conceptual pathway that sharpens knowledge of the processes that shape how individuals and communities interpret and contextualise risk. The ways ...


Cash Transfers For Hiv Prevention: What Do Young Women Spend It On? Mixed Methods Findings From Hptn 068, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Nomhle Khoza, Amanda Selin, Aimee Julien, Rhian Twine, Ryan Wagner, Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Jing Wang, Audrey Pettifor Jan 2018

Cash Transfers For Hiv Prevention: What Do Young Women Spend It On? Mixed Methods Findings From Hptn 068, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Nomhle Khoza, Amanda Selin, Aimee Julien, Rhian Twine, Ryan Wagner, Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Jing Wang, Audrey Pettifor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Social grants have been found to have an impact on health and wellbeing in multiple settings. Who receives the grant, however, has been the subject of discussion with regards to how the money is spent and who benefits from the grant. Methods: Using survey data from 1214 young women who were in the intervention arm and completed at least one annual visit in the HPTN 068 trial, and qualitative interview data from a subset of 38 participants, we examined spending of a cash transfer provided to young women conditioned on school attendance. Results: We found that spending was largely ...


Cardiorespiratory Fitness And Blood Pressure: A Longitudinal Analysis, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luis C. Oliveira Lopes, Jose Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos Jan 2018

Cardiorespiratory Fitness And Blood Pressure: A Longitudinal Analysis, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luis C. Oliveira Lopes, Jose Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiovascular indices 2 years later, and to determine whether changes in cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with cardiovascular indices at a 2-year follow-up in adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: The sample comprised 734 adolescents (349 girls) aged 12-18 years followed for 3 years from the LabMed Physical Activity Study. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by the 20-meter shuttle run test. Height, weight, waist circumference, and resting blood pressure (BP) were measured according to standard procedures. RESULTS: Regression analyses showed a significant inverse association between cardiorespiratory fitness at baseline and systolic BP (B = -0.126; P ...


People With Epilepsy Aren't Protected In Africa: What Needs To Be Done, Jacob Mugumbate Jan 2018

People With Epilepsy Aren't Protected In Africa: What Needs To Be Done, Jacob Mugumbate

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In October 2017 Abdul Matola was stoned and burnt to death in Malawi after being accused of being a "bloodsucking vampire". Matola had lived with uncontrolled epilepsy -- a highly treatable and non-infectious condition characterised by recurring seizures.


The Predominant Learning Approaches Of Medical Students, Sonali P. Chonkar, Tam C. Ha, Sarah Chu, Ada X. Ng, Melissa Lim, Tat X. Ee, Mor J. Ng, Kok H. Tan Jan 2018

The Predominant Learning Approaches Of Medical Students, Sonali P. Chonkar, Tam C. Ha, Sarah Chu, Ada X. Ng, Melissa Lim, Tat X. Ee, Mor J. Ng, Kok H. Tan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background By identifying medical students’ learning approaches and the factors that influence students’ learning approaches, medical schools and health care institutions are better equipped to intervene and optimize their learning experience. The aims of our study is to determine the predominant learning approach amongst medical students on a clinical posting in a hospital in Singapore and to examine the demographic factors that affect their learning approach. Methods The Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST) questionnaire was administered to 250 medical students from various medical schools on clinical attachment to the Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) department of KK ...


Usability Of Food And Beverage Packs In Hospital - Experiences From The Renal Ward, Alison F. Bell, Karen L. Walton, Kelly Lambert Jan 2018

Usability Of Food And Beverage Packs In Hospital - Experiences From The Renal Ward, Alison F. Bell, Karen L. Walton, Kelly Lambert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at The 21st IAPRI World Conference on Packaging, 19-22 June 2018, Zhuhai, China


Authors' Response To Letter To The Editor: Anzjph‐2017‐248, Josephine Chau, Tien Chey, Sarah Burks-Young, Lina Engelen, Adrian E. Bauman Jan 2018

Authors' Response To Letter To The Editor: Anzjph‐2017‐248, Josephine Chau, Tien Chey, Sarah Burks-Young, Lina Engelen, Adrian E. Bauman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Authors' response to Letter to the Editor


Research Ethics, Informed Consent And The Disempowerment Of First Nation Peoples, Juan M. Tauri Jan 2018

Research Ethics, Informed Consent And The Disempowerment Of First Nation Peoples, Juan M. Tauri

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Recently, Indigenous commentators have begun to analyse the way in which institutional Research Ethics Boards (REBs) engage with Indigenous researchers and participants, respond to Indigenous peoples' concerns with academic research activities, and scrutinise the ethics proposals of Indigenous scholars. Of particular concern for Indigenous commentators is that the work of REBs often results in the marginalisation of Indigenous approaches to knowledge construction and dissemination, especially in relation to the vexed issue of informed consent. Based on analysis of the results of research with Indigenous researchers and research participants, this paper argues that institutionalised REBs' preference for 'universal' and 'individualised' approaches ...


Should Women Aged 70-74 Be Invited To Participate In Screening Mammography? A Report On Two Australian Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Alexandra Barratt, Sanchia Aranda, Robin J. Bell, Jenny Doust, Nehmat Houssami, Jolyn Hersch, Ruben Sakowsky, Vikki A. Entwistle, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2018

Should Women Aged 70-74 Be Invited To Participate In Screening Mammography? A Report On Two Australian Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Alexandra Barratt, Sanchia Aranda, Robin J. Bell, Jenny Doust, Nehmat Houssami, Jolyn Hersch, Ruben Sakowsky, Vikki A. Entwistle, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective To elicit informed views from Australian women aged 70-74 regarding the acceptability of ceasing to invite women their age to participate in government-funded mammography screening (BreastScreen). Design Two community juries held in 2017. Setting Greater Sydney, a metropolis of 4.5 million people in New South Wales, Australia. Participants 34 women aged 70-74 with no personal history of breast cancer, recruited by random digit dialling and previously randomly recruited list-based samples. Main outcomes and measures Jury verdict and rationale in response to structured questions. We transcribed audio-recorded jury proceedings and identified central reasons for the jury's decision. Results ...


Food Insecurity Among Older Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islanders, Jeromey Temple, Joanna Russell Jan 2018

Food Insecurity Among Older Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islanders, Jeromey Temple, Joanna Russell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

It is well established that Indigenous populations are at a heightened risk of food insecurity. Yet, although populations (both Indigenous and non-Indigenous) are ageing, little is understood about the levels of food insecurity experienced by older Indigenous peoples. Using Australian data, this study examined the prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Using nationally representative data, we employed ordinal logistic regression models to investigate the association between socio-demographic characteristics and food insecurity. We found that 21% of the older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population were food insecure, with 40% of this group exposed ...


Constructions Of Alcohol Consumption By Non-Problematised Middle-Aged Drinkers: A Qualitative Systematic Review, Emma Muhlack, Drew Carter, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Nicholas Morfidis, Jaklin Eliott Jan 2018

Constructions Of Alcohol Consumption By Non-Problematised Middle-Aged Drinkers: A Qualitative Systematic Review, Emma Muhlack, Drew Carter, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Nicholas Morfidis, Jaklin Eliott

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Current research into alcohol consumption focuses predominantly on problematic drinkers and populations considered likely to engage in risky behaviours. Middle-aged drinkers are an under-researched group, despite emerging evidence that their regular drinking patterns may carry some risk. Methods We searched Scopus, Ovid Medline, and Ovid PsycInfo for peer-reviewed, English-language publications appearing prior to 31 December 2015 and relating to the construction of alcohol consumption by middle-aged non-problematised drinkers. Thirteen papers were included in our thematic analysis. Results Middle-aged non-problematised drinkers constructed their drinking practices by creating a narrative of normative drinking via discourses of gender, identity, play, and learning ...


Village Community Mobilization Is Associated With Reduced Hiv Incidence In Young South African Women Participating In The Hptn 068 Study Cohort, Sheri Lippman, Anna Leddy, Torsten Neilands, Jennifer Ahern, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Ryan Wagner, Dean Peacock, Rhian Twine, Dana Goin, F Gomez-Olive, Amanda Selin, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor Jan 2018

Village Community Mobilization Is Associated With Reduced Hiv Incidence In Young South African Women Participating In The Hptn 068 Study Cohort, Sheri Lippman, Anna Leddy, Torsten Neilands, Jennifer Ahern, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Ryan Wagner, Dean Peacock, Rhian Twine, Dana Goin, F Gomez-Olive, Amanda Selin, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in South Africa bear a disproportionate burden of HIV. Community mobilization (CM), defined as community members taking collective action to achieve a common goal related to health, equity and rights, has been associated with increased HIV testing and condom use and has been called a 'critical enabler' for addressing the HIV epidemic. However, limited research has examined whether CM is associated with HIV incidence among AGYW. Methods: We examine the association of CM with incident HIV among AGYW (ages 13 to 21) enrolled in the HPTN 068 cohort in the Agincourt Health and ...


Residential Green Space Quantity And Quality And Symptoms Of Psychological Distress: A 15-Year Longitudinal Study Of 3897 Women In Postpartum, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas E. Astell-Burt Jan 2018

Residential Green Space Quantity And Quality And Symptoms Of Psychological Distress: A 15-Year Longitudinal Study Of 3897 Women In Postpartum, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas E. Astell-Burt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Experiments and large-scale epidemiological studies indicate the importance of green space for mental health. However, little research has been conducted to elucidate whether these mental health benefits are more dependent upon the quantity or quality of the green space. Methods: Symptoms of psychological distress were measured in 3897 women who did not change neighbourhood up to 15 years postpartum using the Kessler 6 psychological distress scale from 2004 onwards. The percentage land-use of the neighbourhood was used to ascertain a measure of green space quantity. A Likert scale was used to measure green space quality in response to the ...


Assembling Placemaking: Making And Remaking Place In A Regenerating City, Jill Sweeney, Kathy Mee, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Kristian J. Ruming Jan 2018

Assembling Placemaking: Making And Remaking Place In A Regenerating City, Jill Sweeney, Kathy Mee, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Kristian J. Ruming

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Placemaking is increasingly drawn upon by planners, city authorities and citizens as a means of reclaiming, remaking and regenerating urban space. Yet understandings of placemaking and the work it may entail can vary markedly. Often, planning discourse and placemaking literature conceive of placemaking as a singular material change to a landscape, a project that is complete once installation has finished. In contrast, we see placemaking as an open-ended achievement, constituted through diverse and dynamic assemblages and realised through a multiplicity of post-installation labours. We draw on a case study of Newcastle, Australia, to highlight these labours, the affective, contingent work ...


A Narrative Review Of School-Based Physical Activity For Enhancing Cognition And Learning: The Importance Of Relevancy And Integration, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi, Margina Ruiter, Mirko Schmidt, Anthony D. Okely, Sofie M. M Loyens, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas Jan 2018

A Narrative Review Of School-Based Physical Activity For Enhancing Cognition And Learning: The Importance Of Relevancy And Integration, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi, Margina Ruiter, Mirko Schmidt, Anthony D. Okely, Sofie M. M Loyens, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Engaging in regular physical activity can have substantial cognitive and academic benefits for children, and is generally promoted for its beneficial effects on children's physical and mental health. Although embodied cognition research has convincingly shown the integral relationship of the human body and mind, in schools physical activity and cognitive activity are typically treated as unrelated processes. Consequently, most physical activities used are neither sufficiently relevant for nor fully integrated into the learning tasks. In reviewing the literature regarding the integration of physical activity into education to promote cognition and learning, two main lines of research emerged: exercise and ...


How Much Free Sugar Do Australians Consume? Findings From A National Survey, Adyya Gupta, Lisa Smithers, A J. Braunack-Mayer, Jane Harford Jan 2018

How Much Free Sugar Do Australians Consume? Findings From A National Survey, Adyya Gupta, Lisa Smithers, A J. Braunack-Mayer, Jane Harford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To identify the characteristics of Australian adults exceeding the World Health Organization’s free sugar (FS) intake recommendations of <10% and compare the sources of FS among those exceeding (high FS consumers) and complying (low FS consumers) with the recommendations. Method: Nationally weighted data from the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12 was used to describe the proportions of FS consumption and sources of FS among adults aged ≥18 years (n=9,435) across demographic, socioeconomic and health behavioural subgroups. Six categories of food groups likely to contain FS were generated and analysed. Results: Almost half of all adults (47%) were high FS consumers. More than one-third of adults in each demographic, socioeconomic and health behaviour subgroup were high FS consumers. Of the food groups containing FS, beverages contributed the most FS (37%), particularly for young adults (48%). High FS consumers obtained twice as much FS from beverages (42%) than low FS consumers (21%). A reverse age gradient was observed for the FS sourced from beverages. Conclusions: Almost half the Australians surveyed exceeded the FS intake recommendations. Sugary beverages were the largest source of FS, with young adults being the highest consumers. Implications for public health: Whole population strategies targeting beverages could possibly reduce Australia’s high sugar intake.


Opioid Use And Harms Associated With A Sustained-Release Tapentadol Formulation: A Postmarketing Study Protocol, Amy Peacock, Briony K. Larance, Michael P. Farrell, Rose Cairns, Nicholas A. Buckley, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2018

Opioid Use And Harms Associated With A Sustained-Release Tapentadol Formulation: A Postmarketing Study Protocol, Amy Peacock, Briony K. Larance, Michael P. Farrell, Rose Cairns, Nicholas A. Buckley, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction It has been argued that tapentadol may pharmacologically have lower abuse potential than other pharmaceutical opioids currently available. However, there has been no comprehensive triangulation of data regarding use and harms associated with this formulation. A sustained-release formulation (SRF) of tapentadol (Palexia) was released in Australia in 2011 and listed for public subsidy in 2013. We summarise here the methods of a postmarketing study which will measure postintroduction: (1) population level availability, (2) extramedical use and diversion, (3) attractiveness for extramedical use and (4) associated harms, of tapentadol compared against other pharmaceutical opioids. Methods and analysis We evaluated key ...


Electrophysiological Underpinnings Of Response Variability In The Go/Nogo Task, Diana Karamacoska, Robert J. Barry, Genevieve Z. Steiner Jan 2018

Electrophysiological Underpinnings Of Response Variability In The Go/Nogo Task, Diana Karamacoska, Robert J. Barry, Genevieve Z. Steiner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Response variability has been identified as a useful predictor of executive function and performance in non-clinical samples in the Go/NoGo task. The present study explores the utility of reaction time variability (RTV) and EEG measures as predictors of Go/NoGo performance outcomes and ERP component amplitudes. Forty-four young adults had EEG recorded across eyes-closed (EC) and eyes-open (EO) resting states, and during an auditory Go/NoGo task. The 18 individuals with the lowest/highest RTV were assessed for differences in behavioural outcomes. As expected, individuals with high RTV committed more Go/NoGo errors and had smaller Go P3b and ...


Exploring The Association Of Legalisation Status Of Cannabis With Problematic Cannabis Use And Impulsivity In The Usa, Louise Destrée, Danielle Amiet, Adrian Carter, Rico Lee, Valentina Lorenzetti, Rebecca A. Segrave, George J. Youssef, Nadia Solowij, Murat Yucel Jan 2018

Exploring The Association Of Legalisation Status Of Cannabis With Problematic Cannabis Use And Impulsivity In The Usa, Louise Destrée, Danielle Amiet, Adrian Carter, Rico Lee, Valentina Lorenzetti, Rebecca A. Segrave, George J. Youssef, Nadia Solowij, Murat Yucel

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: There has been an increased trend towards the legalisation of medicinal and recreational cannabis use worldwide. This has been controversial as the long-term effects of frequent cannabis use on the brain are still poorly understood. Methods: In this study, we investigated whether the legal stat of cannabis in the United States of America (USA) is associated with problematic cannabis use and impulsivity in 329 frequent cannabis users. The data were collected in 2015 and were analysed in 2017. Ethical approval for this study was obtained from Monash University in 2015. Results: The results indicated that participants' problematic cannabis use ...


Does Gesture Strengthen Sensorimotor Knowledge Of Objects? The Case Of The Size-Weight Illusion, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Stephanie Wassenburg, Autumn Hostetter, Bjorn De Koning, Fred Paas Jan 2018

Does Gesture Strengthen Sensorimotor Knowledge Of Objects? The Case Of The Size-Weight Illusion, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Stephanie Wassenburg, Autumn Hostetter, Bjorn De Koning, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Co-speech gestures have been proposed to strengthen sensorimotor knowledge related to objects' weight and manipulability. This pre-registered study (https://www.osf.io/9uh6q/) was designed to explore how gestures affect memory for sensorimotor information through the application of the visual-haptic size-weight illusion (i.e., objects weigh the same, but are experienced as different in weight). With this paradigm, a discrepancy can be induced between participants' conscious illusory perception of objects' weight and their implicit sensorimotor knowledge (i.e., veridical motor coordination). Depending on whether gestures reflect and strengthen either of these types of knowledge, gestures may respectively decrease or increase ...


School-Home Partnerships: The Missing Piece In Obesity Prevention?, Anthony D. Okely, Megan Hammersley Jan 2018

School-Home Partnerships: The Missing Piece In Obesity Prevention?, Anthony D. Okely, Megan Hammersley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Although the prevalence of child obesity has plateaued in some demographic groups, it remains high in most high-income countries.Schools have been identified as a key setting for preventing childhood obesity and improving obesity-related behaviours.Many such school-based interventions have been tested over the past 20 years, but only a handful of these have been successful...


Loneliness In Treatment-Seeking Substance-Dependent Populations: Validation Of The Social And Emotional Loneliness Scale For Adults-Short Version, Isabella Ingram, Peter James Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Amanda Baker, Dayle Raftery Jan 2018

Loneliness In Treatment-Seeking Substance-Dependent Populations: Validation Of The Social And Emotional Loneliness Scale For Adults-Short Version, Isabella Ingram, Peter James Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Amanda Baker, Dayle Raftery

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives: Loneliness is a distressing emotional experience that is likely to be prevalent among people accessing treatment for substance dependence problems. The first aim of the current study was to report on the validity of the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale for Adults-Short Version (SELSA-S), a multidimensional measure of loneliness, for use in substance-dependent treatment populations. In order to further the understanding of loneliness among this population, loneliness was examined in relation to demographic, physical, and mental health variables. Methods: Participants were attending Australian residential substance dependence treatment services provided by two nongovernmental organizations (The Salvation Army and We Help ...