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Full-Text Articles in Education

Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler Jan 2018

Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Two learning resource-oriented motivational strategies for gifted educators are introduced: a homeostatic orientation that aims for balance and an allostatic orientation that aims at growth. In order to establish the empirical basis of these motivational strategies, two studies were conducted with samples of students from a specialized post-secondary business school who were enrolled in grades 11–13. Study 1 focused on the empirical basis of the homeostatic orientation. It was shown that the availability of learning resources is associated with two forms of balance within an actiotope: robustness and resilience. Furthermore, it could be shown that the effects of exogenous ...


Assembling Placemaking: Making And Remaking Place In A Regenerating City, Jill Sweeney, Kathy Mee, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Kristian J. Ruming Jan 2018

Assembling Placemaking: Making And Remaking Place In A Regenerating City, Jill Sweeney, Kathy Mee, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Kristian J. Ruming

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Placemaking is increasingly drawn upon by planners, city authorities and citizens as a means of reclaiming, remaking and regenerating urban space. Yet understandings of placemaking and the work it may entail can vary markedly. Often, planning discourse and placemaking literature conceive of placemaking as a singular material change to a landscape, a project that is complete once installation has finished. In contrast, we see placemaking as an open-ended achievement, constituted through diverse and dynamic assemblages and realised through a multiplicity of post-installation labours. We draw on a case study of Newcastle, Australia, to highlight these labours, the affective, contingent work ...


Opercula, Michael J. Adams Jan 2018

Opercula, Michael J. Adams

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

I was born in India, but two years later my family were in Australia, part of the flotsam and jetsam of Empire washed up in a country no-one knew anything about. For the last thirty years I have lived close to saltwater Country on the Illawarra coast of New South Wales, where I can daily and nightly walk the tideline. At my favourite and secret local beach I watch the energy dissipate from waves born in ocean storms hundreds of kilometres away, and those waves, like Empire, wash all kinds of things ashore.


Ranking Of Production Animalwelfare And Ethics Issues In Australia And New Zealand By Veterinary Students, Amelia Cornish, Andrew D. Fisher, Teresa Collins, Christopher J. Degeling, Rafael Freire, Susan J. Hazel, Jennifer Hood, Janice Lloyd, Clive J. C Phillips, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul Mcgreevy Jan 2018

Ranking Of Production Animalwelfare And Ethics Issues In Australia And New Zealand By Veterinary Students, Amelia Cornish, Andrew D. Fisher, Teresa Collins, Christopher J. Degeling, Rafael Freire, Susan J. Hazel, Jennifer Hood, Janice Lloyd, Clive J. C Phillips, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul Mcgreevy

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The importance of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) within the veterinary education should reflect community concerns and expectations about AWE, and the professional demands of veterinary accreditation on the first day of practice (or 'Day One' competences). Currently, much interest and debate surrounds the treatment of production animals, particularly around live export. To explore the attitudes to AWE of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand, a survey was undertaken to (i) understand what students consider important AWE topics for initial production animal competence; and (ii) ascertain how these priorities correlated with gender, area of intended practice and stage-of-study. The ...


Effect Of Cannabis Use In People With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids: Findings From A 4-Year Prospective Cohort Study, Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian D. Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2018

Effect Of Cannabis Use In People With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids: Findings From A 4-Year Prospective Cohort Study, Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian D. Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Interest in the use of cannabis and cannabinoids to treat chronic non-cancer pain is increasing, because of their potential to reduce opioid dose requirements. We aimed to investigate cannabis use in people living with chronic non-cancer pain who had been prescribed opioids, including their reasons for use and perceived effectiveness of cannabis; associations between amount of cannabis use and pain, mental health, and opioid use; the effect of cannabis use on pain severity and interference over time; and potential opioid-sparing effects of cannabis. Methods The Pain and Opioids IN Treatment study is a prospective, national, observational cohort of people ...


Perceived Stigma And Social Support In Treatment For Pharmaceutical Opioid Dependence, Sasha Cooper, Gabrielle Campbell, Briony K. Larance, Bridin Murnion, Suzanne Nielsen Jan 2018

Perceived Stigma And Social Support In Treatment For Pharmaceutical Opioid Dependence, Sasha Cooper, Gabrielle Campbell, Briony K. Larance, Bridin Murnion, Suzanne Nielsen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction and Aims The dramatic increase in pharmaceutical opioid (PO) use in high‐income countries is a growing public health concern. Stigma and social support are important as they may influence treatment uptake and outcomes, yet few studies exist regarding perceived stigma and social support among people with PO dependence. The aims of the study are to: (i) compare characteristics of those with PO dependence from iatrogenic and non‐iatrogenic causes; (ii) document perceived stigma and its correlates in people in treatment for PO dependence; and (iii) examine correlates of social support in people in treatment for PO dependence. Design ...


People With Epilepsy Aren't Protected In Africa: What Needs To Be Done, Jacob Mugumbate Jan 2018

People With Epilepsy Aren't Protected In Africa: What Needs To Be Done, Jacob Mugumbate

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In October 2017 Abdul Matola was stoned and burnt to death in Malawi after being accused of being a "bloodsucking vampire". Matola had lived with uncontrolled epilepsy -- a highly treatable and non-infectious condition characterised by recurring seizures.


Cash Transfer Interventions For Sexual Health: Meanings And Experiences Of Adolescent Males And Females In Inner-City Johannesburg, Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine L. Macphail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe Jan 2018

Cash Transfer Interventions For Sexual Health: Meanings And Experiences Of Adolescent Males And Females In Inner-City Johannesburg, Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine L. Macphail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background In sub-Saharan Africa, there is growing interest in the use of cash transfer (CT) programs for HIV treatment and prevention. However, there is limited evidence of the consequences related to CT provision to adolescents in low-resourced urban settings. We explored the experiences of adolescents receiving CTs to assess the acceptability and unintended consequences of CT strategies in urban Johannesburg, South Africa. Methods We collected qualitative data during a pilot randomized controlled trial of three CT strategies (monthly payments unconditional vs. conditional on school attendance vs. a once-off payment conditional on a clinic visit) involving 120 adolescents aged 16-18 years ...


Second-Hand Exposure Of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products To Patients In A Hospital Setting, Nadia Solowij, Peter Galettis, Samantha J. Broyd, Peter De Krey, Jennifer H. Martin Jan 2018

Second-Hand Exposure Of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products To Patients In A Hospital Setting, Nadia Solowij, Peter Galettis, Samantha J. Broyd, Peter De Krey, Jennifer H. Martin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background In many health settings, administration of medicinal cannabis poses significant implementation barriers including drug storage and safety for administering staff and surrounding patients. Different modes of administration also provide different yet potentially significant issues. One route that has become of clinical interest owing to the rapid onset of action and patient control of the inhaled amount (via breath timing and depth) is that of vaporisation of cannabinoid products. Although requiring a registered therapeutic device for administration, this is a relatively safe method of intrapulmonary administration that may be particularly useful for patients with difficulty swallowing, and for those in ...


The Development, Pilot, And Process Evaluation Of A Parent Mental Health Literacy Intervention Through Community Sports Clubs, Diarmuid Hurley, Mark S. Allen, Christian F. Swann, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2018

The Development, Pilot, And Process Evaluation Of A Parent Mental Health Literacy Intervention Through Community Sports Clubs, Diarmuid Hurley, Mark S. Allen, Christian F. Swann, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The mental health literacy of parents may be critical in facilitating positive child and adolescent mental health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to develop, pilot, and evaluate a targeted parent mental health literacy intervention through community sports clubs.


Biophysically Based Method To Deconvolve Spatiotemporal Neurovascular Signals From Fmri Data, J Pang, K M. Aquino, Peter Robinson, T C. Lacy, Mark M. Schira Jan 2018

Biophysically Based Method To Deconvolve Spatiotemporal Neurovascular Signals From Fmri Data, J Pang, K M. Aquino, Peter Robinson, T C. Lacy, Mark M. Schira

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 Elsevier B.V. Background: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is commonly used to infer hemodynamic changes in the brain after increased neural activity, measuring the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal. An important challenge in the analyses of fMRI data is to develop methods that can accurately deconvolve the BOLD signal to extract the driving neural activity and the underlying cerebrovascular effects. New method: A biophysically based method is developed, which combines an extensively verified physiological hemodynamic model with a Wiener filter, to deconvolve the BOLD signal. Results: The method is able to simultaneously obtain spatiotemporal images of underlying neurovascular ...


Transactional Sex And Incident Hiv Infection In A Cohort Of Young Women From Rural South Africa, Kelly N. Kilburn, Meghna Ranganathan, Marie Stoner, James Hughes, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Yaw Agyei, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor Jan 2018

Transactional Sex And Incident Hiv Infection In A Cohort Of Young Women From Rural South Africa, Kelly N. Kilburn, Meghna Ranganathan, Marie Stoner, James Hughes, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Yaw Agyei, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: In sub-Saharan Africa, young women who engage in transactional sex (the exchange of sex for money or gifts) with a male partner show an elevated risk of prevalent HIV infection. We analyse longitudinal data to estimate the association between transactional sex and HIV incidence.

Design: We used longitudinal data from a cohort of 2362 HIV-negative young women (aged 13-20 years) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial in rural, South Africa who were followed for up to four visits over 6 years.

Methods: The effect of transactional sex on incident HIV was analysed using stratified Cox proportional hazards models and ...


Converting Between Estimates Of Moderate-To-Vigorous Physical Activity Derived From Raw Accelerations Measured At The Wrist And From Actigraph Counts Measured At The Hip: The Rosetta Stone, Keith Brazendale, Michael W. Beets, Alex V. Rowlands, Jessica Chandler, Stuart J. Fairclough, Lynne M. Boddy, Timothy S. Olds, Gaynor C. Parfitt, Rob J. Noonan, Samantha J. Downs, Dylan P. Cliff Jan 2018

Converting Between Estimates Of Moderate-To-Vigorous Physical Activity Derived From Raw Accelerations Measured At The Wrist And From Actigraph Counts Measured At The Hip: The Rosetta Stone, Keith Brazendale, Michael W. Beets, Alex V. Rowlands, Jessica Chandler, Stuart J. Fairclough, Lynne M. Boddy, Timothy S. Olds, Gaynor C. Parfitt, Rob J. Noonan, Samantha J. Downs, Dylan P. Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The ability to compare published group-level estimates of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) across studies continues to increase in difficulty. The objective of this study was to develop conversion equations and demonstrate their utility to compare estimates of MVPA derived from the wrist and hip. Three studies of youth (N = 232, 9-12yrs, 50% boys) concurrently wore a hip-worn ActiGraph and a wrist-worn GENEActiv for 7-days. ActiGraph hip count data were reduced using four established cutpoints. Wrist accelerations were reduced using the Hildebrand MVPA 200 mg threshold. Conversion equations were developed on a randomly selected subsample of 132 youth. Equations ...


Clinical Issues In Cannabis Use, Yvonne Bonomo, Jose Souza, Aidan Jackson, Jose Crippa, Nadia Solowij Jan 2018

Clinical Issues In Cannabis Use, Yvonne Bonomo, Jose Souza, Aidan Jackson, Jose Crippa, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 The British Pharmacological Society Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit substance worldwide and the prevalence of users continues to increase. Over the last 2 decades, the world has seen significant changes regarding cannabis for recreational use as well as application in its use as a therapeutic medicine. This is likely to have influenced the decreasing perception of risks associated with the use of cannabis. Cannabis, however, is not benign and, depending on the pattern of its use, can incur a range of harmful effects, which have implications when prescribing medicinal cannabinoids for individuals. Based on research evidence from ...


The Problem: Knowing, Using And Conserving The Wild, Michael J. Adams, Meera Anna Oommen, Aarthi Sridher Jan 2018

The Problem: Knowing, Using And Conserving The Wild, Michael J. Adams, Meera Anna Oommen, Aarthi Sridher

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Human engagements with nature are expressed through an extensive range of cultural forms that are dynamic, complex and often defy singular logics and ethical approaches. Whether traditional or modern, biocentric or utilitarian, societies continue these engagements along several axes that include but are not limited to protection, veneration, killing and subjugation. The Indian scenario too is an equally diverse one. Its wide array of human communities celebrate an equally vast variety of close engagements with species that range from reverence to destruction. However, being the second most populous nation with one of the fastest growing economies on the planet, India ...


Children Aren't Liabilities In Disasters - They Can Help, If We Let Them, Christine Eriksen, Avianto Amri, Briony Towers, Emma Calgaro, John Richardson, Katharine Haynes, Scott J. Mckinnon Jan 2018

Children Aren't Liabilities In Disasters - They Can Help, If We Let Them, Christine Eriksen, Avianto Amri, Briony Towers, Emma Calgaro, John Richardson, Katharine Haynes, Scott J. Mckinnon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Our world is becoming increasingly vulnerable to fire, flood and other natural hazards. While our instinct as adults may be to shield children from these possibilities, this does them a real disservice. Lessons from El Salvador and the Philippines show that when children are given accurate, clear information in accessible and age-appropriate language, they are highly motivated to help reduce disaster risks, both at home and in their communities. Indeed, there is growing evidence that children can play an active and positive role in making their communities more resilient to climate change, hurricanes and bushfires, and in improving disaster recovery.


Sustained Impact Of Energy-Dense Tv And Online Food Advertising On Children's Dietary Intake: A Within-Subject, Randomised, Crossover, Counter-Balanced Trial, Jennifer A. Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne T. Mcmahon, Emma J. Boyland, Louise A. Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian E. Bauman Jan 2018

Sustained Impact Of Energy-Dense Tv And Online Food Advertising On Children's Dietary Intake: A Within-Subject, Randomised, Crossover, Counter-Balanced Trial, Jennifer A. Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne T. Mcmahon, Emma J. Boyland, Louise A. Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian E. Bauman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Policies restricting children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing have been impeded by the lack of evidence showing a direct link between food advertising exposure and children's energy intake and body weight. Food advertising exposure increases children's immediate food consumption, but whether this increased intake is compensated for at later eating occasions is not known; consequently the sustained effect on diets remains unclear. Methods We conducted a within-subject, randomised, crossover, counterbalanced study across four, six-day holiday camps in New South Wales, Australia between April 2016 and January 2017. Children (7-12 years, n = 160) were recruited via local ...


The Predominant Learning Approaches Of Medical Students, Sonali P. Chonkar, Tam C. Ha, Sarah Chu, Ada X. Ng, Melissa Lim, Tat X. Ee, Mor J. Ng, Kok H. Tan Jan 2018

The Predominant Learning Approaches Of Medical Students, Sonali P. Chonkar, Tam C. Ha, Sarah Chu, Ada X. Ng, Melissa Lim, Tat X. Ee, Mor J. Ng, Kok H. Tan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background By identifying medical students’ learning approaches and the factors that influence students’ learning approaches, medical schools and health care institutions are better equipped to intervene and optimize their learning experience. The aims of our study is to determine the predominant learning approach amongst medical students on a clinical posting in a hospital in Singapore and to examine the demographic factors that affect their learning approach. Methods The Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST) questionnaire was administered to 250 medical students from various medical schools on clinical attachment to the Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) department of KK ...


Sustainability And Scalability In Educational Technology Initiatives: Research-Informed Practice, Dale Niederhauser, Sarah Katherine Howard, Joke Voogt, Douglas Agyei, Therese Laferriere, Jo Tondeur, Margaret J. Cox Jan 2018

Sustainability And Scalability In Educational Technology Initiatives: Research-Informed Practice, Dale Niederhauser, Sarah Katherine Howard, Joke Voogt, Douglas Agyei, Therese Laferriere, Jo Tondeur, Margaret J. Cox

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Although a positive impact of technology interventions on educational practice and student outcomes has been shown in many previous research settings, the use of technology in classrooms and schools is still often superficial and not meeting the potential of technology as envisioned by education reformers and researchers in the field. However, when technology projects have been implemented successfully in educational practice and shown valuable impacts, sustainability within similar contexts is not guaranteed-let alone scaling the initiative to other broader contexts. This article builds on the discussions of the EDUsummIT 2017 Thematic Working Group 9 (TWG9) and the summary report that ...


Towards Sustainable Technology-Enhanced Innovation In Higher Education: Advancing Learning Design By Understanding And Supporting Teacher Design Practice, Sue Bennett, Lori Lockyer, Shirley Agostinho Jan 2018

Towards Sustainable Technology-Enhanced Innovation In Higher Education: Advancing Learning Design By Understanding And Supporting Teacher Design Practice, Sue Bennett, Lori Lockyer, Shirley Agostinho

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Improving teacher design promises to be a scalable, sustainable approach to building capacity amongst a workforce faced with complex and evolving drivers of change in higher education worldwide. While design has long been recognised as a routine part of teaching, there has been renewed interest in supporting and understanding the design work that teachers do to foster innovation, particularly in technology-enhanced learning, at institutional scale by influencing teachers' practices. Re-framing teaching as design usefully emphasises the creative problem-solving needed to balance pedagogical, logistical and technical considerations within specific educational contexts, tailored to learners' needs. There is potential for this re-framing ...


Vection Is Enhanced By Increased Exposure To Optic Flow, Takeharu Seno, Kayoko Murata, Yoshitaka Fujii, Hidetoshi Kanaya, Masaki Ogawa, Kousuke Tokunaga, Stephen Palmisano Jan 2018

Vection Is Enhanced By Increased Exposure To Optic Flow, Takeharu Seno, Kayoko Murata, Yoshitaka Fujii, Hidetoshi Kanaya, Masaki Ogawa, Kousuke Tokunaga, Stephen Palmisano

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018, The Author(s) 2018. We examined whether vection strength could be modulated by altering the exposure duration to optic flow. Experiment 1 sourced 150 different video clips from various Japanese animation works which simulated self-motion. Despite large differences in the content of these video clips, we found a significant positive correlation between their play durations and their ratings of vection magnitude. Experiment 2 examined this relationship further using more tightly controlled visual motion stimuli. Vection was induced by presenting the motion of the same expanding grating stimulus for 8, 16, 32, or 64 seconds. While vection onset latencies remained ...


Acute Eeg Patterns Associated With Transient Ischemic Attack, Jeffrey M. Rogers, Jacob Bechara, Sandy Middleton, Stuart J. Johnstone Jan 2018

Acute Eeg Patterns Associated With Transient Ischemic Attack, Jeffrey M. Rogers, Jacob Bechara, Sandy Middleton, Stuart J. Johnstone

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ECNS) 2018. Background. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is characterized by stroke-like neurologic signs and symptoms in the absence of demonstrable structural neuropathology. There is no test for TIA, with classification often reliant on subjective, retrospective report. Functional brain measures such as the electroencephalogram (EEG) may be helpful in objectively detecting and describing the pathophysiology of TIA, but this has not been adequately examined. Methods. EEG was obtained from a single electrode over the left frontal lobe during 3-minute resting-state and auditory oddball conditions administered to consecutive patients within 72 hours of admission to the acute ...


Authors' Response To Letter To The Editor: Anzjph‐2017‐248, Josephine Chau, Tien Chey, Sarah Burks-Young, Lina Engelen, Adrian E. Bauman Jan 2018

Authors' Response To Letter To The Editor: Anzjph‐2017‐248, Josephine Chau, Tien Chey, Sarah Burks-Young, Lina Engelen, Adrian E. Bauman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Authors' response to Letter to the Editor


How Do People Belong In The Pacific? Introduction To This Issue, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jioji Ravulo Jan 2018

How Do People Belong In The Pacific? Introduction To This Issue, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jioji Ravulo

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In early 2016, the two editors of this issue met together to discuss our common research interests. At that time, one of us (Jioji Ravulo) was a Senior Lecturer in the School of Social Sciences and Psychology at Western Sydney University (WSU), and the other of us (Camellia Webb-Gannon) was a Research Fellow in the School of Humanities and Communication Arts at the same institution. Camellia, whose research focuses on decolonisation in Melanesia, had recently returned from the 2016 Australian Association for Pacific Studies (AAPS) conference in Cairns at which she had hoped she would meet other researchers of the ...


What's On Youtube? A Case Study On Food And Beverage Advertising In Videos Targeted At Children On Social Media, Leeann Tan, See Hoe Ng, Azahadi Omar, Tilakavati Karupaiah Jan 2018

What's On Youtube? A Case Study On Food And Beverage Advertising In Videos Targeted At Children On Social Media, Leeann Tan, See Hoe Ng, Azahadi Omar, Tilakavati Karupaiah

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Unhealthy food marketing to children is a key risk factor for childhood obesity. Online video platforms have surpassed television as the primary choice for screen viewing among children but the extent of food marketing through such media is relatively unknown. We aimed to examine food and beverage advertisements (ads) encountered in YouTube videos targeting children in Malaysia. Methods: The social media analytics site SocialBlade.com was used to identify the most popular YouTube videos (n = 250) targeting children. Ads encountered while viewing these videos were recorded and analyzed for type of product promoted and ad format (video vs. overlay ...


Constructions Of Alcohol Consumption By Non-Problematised Middle-Aged Drinkers: A Qualitative Systematic Review, Emma Muhlack, Drew Carter, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Nicholas Morfidis, Jaklin Eliott Jan 2018

Constructions Of Alcohol Consumption By Non-Problematised Middle-Aged Drinkers: A Qualitative Systematic Review, Emma Muhlack, Drew Carter, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Nicholas Morfidis, Jaklin Eliott

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Current research into alcohol consumption focuses predominantly on problematic drinkers and populations considered likely to engage in risky behaviours. Middle-aged drinkers are an under-researched group, despite emerging evidence that their regular drinking patterns may carry some risk. Methods We searched Scopus, Ovid Medline, and Ovid PsycInfo for peer-reviewed, English-language publications appearing prior to 31 December 2015 and relating to the construction of alcohol consumption by middle-aged non-problematised drinkers. Thirteen papers were included in our thematic analysis. Results Middle-aged non-problematised drinkers constructed their drinking practices by creating a narrative of normative drinking via discourses of gender, identity, play, and learning ...


Supporting Youth Wellbeing With A Focus On Eating Well And Being Active: Views From An Aboriginal Community Deliberative Forum, Jacqueline M. Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson Jan 2018

Supporting Youth Wellbeing With A Focus On Eating Well And Being Active: Views From An Aboriginal Community Deliberative Forum, Jacqueline M. Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: Including and prioritising community voice in policy development means policy is more likely to reflect community values and priorities. This project trialled and evaluated a storyboard approach in a deliberative community forum to engage Australian Aboriginal people in health policy priority setting. Methods: The forum was co-constructed with two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations. A circle storyboard was used to centre Aboriginal community knowledge and values and encourage the group to engage with broader perspectives and evidence. The forum asked a diverse (descriptively representative) group of Aboriginal people in a rural town what governments should do to support the wellbeing of ...


Climate Change: Nauru's Life On The Frontlines, Anja M. Kanngieser Jan 2018

Climate Change: Nauru's Life On The Frontlines, Anja M. Kanngieser

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

International perceptions of the Pacific Island nation of Nauru are dominated by two interrelated stories. Until the turn of the century, it was the dramatic boom and bust of Nauru's phosphate mine, and the mismanagement of its considerable wealth, that captured global attention.


Life After Bushfire: Post-Traumatic Stress, Coping And Post-Traumatic Growth, Jackie Hooper, Lynne E. Magor-Blatch, Navjot Bhullar Jan 2018

Life After Bushfire: Post-Traumatic Stress, Coping And Post-Traumatic Growth, Jackie Hooper, Lynne E. Magor-Blatch, Navjot Bhullar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction Research suggests that post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms are common after the experience of bushfire. However, the ways in which individuals cope with, positively grow from, and find benefit in the adverse circumstances of bushfire in Australia has not been adequately explored. The main objective of this study is to assess the relationship between PTS, coping strategies and post-traumatic growth, in a sample of Australian community members affected by a bushfire event. Methods Sixty-five participants (mean age 40.66 years, SD=13.57), who had previously experienced a bushfire event in Australia, responded to an anonymous online survey. Results Results ...


An Item-Level Analysis Of Lexical-Semantic Effects In Free Recall And Recognition Memory Using The Megastudy Approach, Bao Xia Mabel Lau, Winston Goh, Melvin Yap Jan 2018

An Item-Level Analysis Of Lexical-Semantic Effects In Free Recall And Recognition Memory Using The Megastudy Approach, Bao Xia Mabel Lau, Winston Goh, Melvin Yap

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Psycholinguists have developed a number of measures to tap different aspects of a word's semantic representation. The influence of these measures on lexical processing has collectively been described as semantic richness effects. However, the effects of these word properties on memory are currently not well understood. This study examines the relative contributions of lexical and semantic variables in free recall and recognition memory at the item-level, using a megastudy approach. Hierarchical regression of recall and recognition performance on a number of lexical-semantic variables showed task-general effects where the structural component, frequency, number of senses, and arousal accounted for unique ...