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Full-Text Articles in Education

Let's Address Low Visual Arts Self-Efficacy, Gai M. Lindsay Jan 2017

Let's Address Low Visual Arts Self-Efficacy, Gai M. Lindsay

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Visual arts pedagogy and the place of visual arts in the curriculum are determined by the collision of teachers' visual arts self-efficacy beliefs, pedagogical beliefs about children's learning processes and visual arts content knowledge.


Professionals' Recommended Strategies To Improve Australian Adolescents' Knowledge Of Nutrition And Food Systems, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley Jan 2017

Professionals' Recommended Strategies To Improve Australian Adolescents' Knowledge Of Nutrition And Food Systems, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Education and policy measures within schools are valuable strategies to promote health. This study explored views of experienced food-related educators, researchers and policy-makers regarding their recommended strategies to improve Australian adolescents' knowledge of nutrition and food systems (N & FS). Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-one experienced food-related experts from across Australia. Interviews were conducted either by telephone or face-to-face. Recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed thematically. Results: Five central themes and five sub-themes were identified from food professionals' suggestions for best strategies to improve adolescents' knowledge of N & FS. The central themes included: (1) specific improvements in schools' core curricula; (2) pre-service and in-service training of school teachers about N & FS; (3) training students to develop a critical mind about N & FS issues; (4) multidisciplinary collaborations to improve school-based N & FS education; and (5) a supportive N & FS education environment for students. Conclusion and implication: These findings provide a guide for curriculum developers, educational policy developers, and food educators to incorporate the suggested N & FS strategies ...


Young Women's Perceptions Of Transactional Sex And Sexual Agency: A Qualitative Study In The Context Of Rural South Africa, Meghna Ranganathan, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Audrey Pettifor, Kathleen Kahn, Nomhle Khoza, Rhian Twine, Charlotte Watts, Lori Heise Jan 2017

Young Women's Perceptions Of Transactional Sex And Sexual Agency: A Qualitative Study In The Context Of Rural South Africa, Meghna Ranganathan, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Audrey Pettifor, Kathleen Kahn, Nomhle Khoza, Rhian Twine, Charlotte Watts, Lori Heise

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Evidence shows that HIV prevalence among young women in sub-Saharan Africa increases almost five-fold between ages 15 and 24, with almost a quarter of young women infected by their early-to mid-20s. Transactional sex or material exchange for sex is a relationship dynamic that has been shown to have an association with HIV infection. Methods: Using five focus group discussions and 19 in-depth interviews with young women enrolled in the HPTN 068 conditional cash transfer trial (2011-2015), this qualitative study explores young women's perceptions of transactional sex within the structural and cultural context of rural South Africa. The analysis ...


Employing The Epec Hierarchy Of Conditions (Version Ii) To Evaluate The Effectiveness Of Using Synchronous Technologies With Multi-Location Student Cohorts In The Tertiary Education Setting, Michelle J. Eady, Stuart Woodcock, Ashley Sisco Jan 2017

Employing The Epec Hierarchy Of Conditions (Version Ii) To Evaluate The Effectiveness Of Using Synchronous Technologies With Multi-Location Student Cohorts In The Tertiary Education Setting, Michelle J. Eady, Stuart Woodcock, Ashley Sisco

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

As e-learning maintains its popularity worldwide, and university enrolments continue to rise, online tertiary level coursework is increasingly being designed for groups of distributed learners, as opposed to individual students. Many institutions struggle with incorporating all facets of online learning and teaching capabilities with the range and variety of software tools available to them. This study used the EPEC Hierarchy of Conditions (ease of use, psychologically safe environment, e-learning self-efficacy, and competence) for E-Learning/E-Teaching Competence (Version II) to investigate the effectiveness of an online synchronous platform to train pre-service teachers studying in groups at multiple distance locations called satellite ...


Relationship Between Children's Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, And Childcare Environments: A Cross Sectional Study, Michele Peden, Rachel A. Jones, Silvia Costa, Yvonne Ellis, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2017

Relationship Between Children's Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, And Childcare Environments: A Cross Sectional Study, Michele Peden, Rachel A. Jones, Silvia Costa, Yvonne Ellis, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the childcare environment and physical activity and sedentary behavior of toddlers and preschoolers. A total of 68 toddlers (1.0–2.9 years) and 233 preschoolers (3.0–5.9 years) were recruited from 11 childcare services in 2013 within the Illawarra and Shoalhaven region of NSW, Australia. For this study analysis was conducted in 2016. The childcare environmentwas assessed using the Environment and Policy Assessment Observation (EPAO) instrument, and childcare services categorized as low, medium, or high based on their scores. Time spent in physical activity and sitting ...


Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior And Their Correlates In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review, Rachel A. Jones, Katherine Downing, Nicole Rinehart, Lisa M. Barnett, Tamara May, Jane Mcgillivray, Nicole Papadopoulos, Helen Skouteris, Anna Timperio, Trina Hinkley Jan 2017

Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior And Their Correlates In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review, Rachel A. Jones, Katherine Downing, Nicole Rinehart, Lisa M. Barnett, Tamara May, Jane Mcgillivray, Nicole Papadopoulos, Helen Skouteris, Anna Timperio, Trina Hinkley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Autism Spectrum Disorder affects up to 2.5% of children and is associated with harmful health outcomes (e.g. obesity). Low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behaviors may contribute to harmful health outcomes. To systematically review the prevalence and correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, electronic databases (PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, Medline) were searched from inception to November 2015. The review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42014013849). Peer-reviewed, English language studies were included. Two reviewers screened potentially relevant articles. Outcomes of interest were physical activity and sedentary behaviour levels and their ...


The Role Of Community Sports Clubs In Adolescent Mental Health: The Perspectives Of Adolescent Males' Parents, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian F. Swann, Mark S. Allen, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2017

The Role Of Community Sports Clubs In Adolescent Mental Health: The Perspectives Of Adolescent Males' Parents, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian F. Swann, Mark S. Allen, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Adolescent males are at relatively high risk of developing mental health disorders and show low rates of help seeking when mental health disorders arise. Parents are the primary source of support for adolescents and therefore have an important role in mental health promotion and prevention of mental health disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the perceptions of adolescent males' parents on the potential role of community sport clubs in adolescent mental health promotion. Forty-six parents of adolescent males took part in 10 focus groups to investigate parents' mental health knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, perceptions of the role ...


Effects Of Integrating Physical Activities Into A Science Lesson On Preschool Children's Learning And Enjoyment, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi, Anthony D. Okely, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas Jan 2017

Effects Of Integrating Physical Activities Into A Science Lesson On Preschool Children's Learning And Enjoyment, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi, Anthony D. Okely, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study investigated the effects of physical activities that were integrated into a science lesson on learning among preschool children. A total of 90 children from seven childcare centres (Mage = 4.90, SD = 0.52; 45 girls) were randomly assigned across an integrated physical activity condition including task-relevant physical activities, a nonintegrated physical activity condition involving task-irrelevant physical activities, or a control condition involving the predominantly conventional sedentary style of teaching. Children learned the names of the planets and their order, based on the distance from the sun. For both the immediate and delayed (6 weeks after the programme) assessments ...


The Delaying Effect Of Stigma On Mental Health Help-Seeking In Sri Lanka, Sunera M. Fernando, Frank P. Deane, Hamish J. Mcleod Jan 2017

The Delaying Effect Of Stigma On Mental Health Help-Seeking In Sri Lanka, Sunera M. Fernando, Frank P. Deane, Hamish J. Mcleod

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Mental health stigma has been associated with delays in seeking treatment. Aims: To describe perceived stigma experienced by patients and carers in Sri Lanka and to determine the effects of stigma on help-seeking delay. Methods: Survey of outpatients and family carers (n = 118 dyads) attending two psychiatric hospitals in Sri Lanka, using the Disclosure and Discrimination subscales of the Stigma Scale. Results: Stigma was positively related to help-seeking delay for carers but not patients. Public stigma experienced by carers accounted for 23% of the variance in help-seeking delay. Conclusion: Reducing stigma may reduce help-seeking delays during the course of ...


Playwriting And Flow: The Interconnection Between Creativity, Engagement And Skill Development, Paul Gardiner Jan 2017

Playwriting And Flow: The Interconnection Between Creativity, Engagement And Skill Development, Paul Gardiner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Understanding, encouraging and developing creativity in the classroom is an international priority (Craft, 2011). This article outlines the findings of research into playwriting pedagogy. It interrogates the conceptual assumptions that surround teaching and learning for creativity, and how these ideas influence teacher practice and student experience. It argues that student engagement and creativity are fundamentally and reciprocally linked. To better understand how to teach and foster creativity in a classroom, teachers' views on creativity and creative processes are explored through Csikszentmihalyi's (2008) theory of 'flow' and the lessons this provides for understanding engagement. The article argues that the teachers ...


The Affluence-Vulnerability Interface: Intersecting Scales Of Risk, Privilege And Disaster, Christine Eriksen, Gregory Simon Jan 2017

The Affluence-Vulnerability Interface: Intersecting Scales Of Risk, Privilege And Disaster, Christine Eriksen, Gregory Simon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper examines vulnerability in the context of affluence and privilege. It focuses on the 1991 Oakland Hills Firestorm in California, USA to examine long-term lived experiences of the disaster. Vulnerability is typically understood as a condition besetting poor and marginalized communities. Frequently ignored in these discussions are the experiences of those who live in more affluent areas. This paper seeks to more closely explain vulnerability at its interface with affluence. The aim is to challenge uncritical explanations of vulnerability. We also offer alternative ways of conceptualizing vulnerability as a material condition and social construct that acknowledges broader cultural, ecological ...


Making Versus Observing Manipulations Of Geometric Properties Of Triangles To Learn Geometry Using Dynamic Geometry Software, Sahar Bokosmaty, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi, Fred Paas Jan 2017

Making Versus Observing Manipulations Of Geometric Properties Of Triangles To Learn Geometry Using Dynamic Geometry Software, Sahar Bokosmaty, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Human movement has been found to have positive effects on learning performance. This study examined the effects of using Dynamic Geometry Software (DGS) CABRI to manipulate geometric properties of triangles or observing those manipulations made by an instructor on learning geometric properties with DGS-CABRI. Participants were 60 year 5 students, who received instructions on geometric problems and were randomly assigned to three conditions: A condition in which they performed mouse movements to manipulate geometric properties of triangles, a condition in which they observed the teacher performing those manipulations, and a conventional condition in which they studied a static format of ...


Student Isolation: The Experience Of Distance On An International Field Placement, Mim Fox Jan 2017

Student Isolation: The Experience Of Distance On An International Field Placement, Mim Fox

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In an era of global awareness of the impact of social, political and environmental impact, the international field placement has become a feature of many social work programmes throughout Australia. A theoretical framework of international social work principles allows for a guiding platform for teaching and learning; however, the experience of the social work student is often one of cultural isolation and emotional vulnerabilities. Whilst cross-cultural learning is a core practice goal of the placement, the ability to engage with this learning is affected by the impact of distance on the student. In turn, the university responsibility for the student ...


A Randomized Controlled Trial To Evaluate The Impact Of A Geo-Specific Poster Compared To A General Poster For Effecting Change In Perceived Threat And Intention To Avoid Drowning 'Hotspots' Among Children Of Migrant Workers: Evidence From Ningbo, China, Yinchao Zhu, Xiaoqi Feng, Hui Li, Yaqin Huang, Jieping Chen, Guozhang Xu Jan 2017

A Randomized Controlled Trial To Evaluate The Impact Of A Geo-Specific Poster Compared To A General Poster For Effecting Change In Perceived Threat And Intention To Avoid Drowning 'Hotspots' Among Children Of Migrant Workers: Evidence From Ningbo, China, Yinchao Zhu, Xiaoqi Feng, Hui Li, Yaqin Huang, Jieping Chen, Guozhang Xu

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

Drowning among children of migrant workers is a major, though neglected public health issue in China.

Methods

A randomised controlled trial was used to examine the potential impact of viewing a preventive health poster with/without geo-located drowning events on perceptions of drowning risk among Chinese migrant children. A total of 752 children from three schools in Jiangbei district were selected by multi-stage sampling and randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 380) or control (n = 372). Multilevel models were used to analyse changes in responses to the following questions after viewing the assigned poster for 10 min: (1) “Do ...


Time2bhealthy - An Online Childhood Obesity Prevention Program For Preschool-Aged Children: A Randomised Controlled Trial Protocol, Megan Hammersley, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2017

Time2bhealthy - An Online Childhood Obesity Prevention Program For Preschool-Aged Children: A Randomised Controlled Trial Protocol, Megan Hammersley, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background The use of parent-focused internet-based programs for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity has shown promise but there is an acknowledged gap in parent-focused interventions which target the early childhood stage. Methods The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of Time2bHealthy - an online healthy lifestyle program for parents of preschool-aged children. The program will be evaluated using a two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled design. The 11-week program is underpinned by Social Cognitive Theory and consists of interactive modules on healthy eating, physical activity, screen-time and sleep. The intervention also involves elements of social media, where participants ...


Personality Disorder: A Mental Health Priority Area, Brin F. S Grenyer, Fiona Y. Ng, Michelle L. Townsend, Sathya Rao Jan 2017

Personality Disorder: A Mental Health Priority Area, Brin F. S Grenyer, Fiona Y. Ng, Michelle L. Townsend, Sathya Rao

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Personality disorders have received limited recognition as a public health priority, despite the publication of treatment guidelines and reviews showing effective treatments are available. Inclusive approaches to understanding and servicing personality disorder are required that integrate different service providers. This viewpoint paper identifies pertinent issues surrounding early intervention, treatment needs, consumer and carer experiences, and the need for accurate and representative data collection in personality disorder as starting points in mental health care reform.


Toward A Sociomaterial Understanding Of Writing Experiences Incorporating Digital Technology In An Early Childhood Classroom, Lisa K. Kervin, Barbara Comber, Annette Woods Jan 2017

Toward A Sociomaterial Understanding Of Writing Experiences Incorporating Digital Technology In An Early Childhood Classroom, Lisa K. Kervin, Barbara Comber, Annette Woods

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article examines the resources, tools, and opportunities children enact as they engage with teacher-devised writing experiences within their classroom space. We begin with discussion about classroom writing time from the perspective of both the teacher and children of one Grade 1/2 composite class. We also reveal resources within the classroom space to consider the expertise available during writing times. We then examine a 5-week unit that focused on multimodal text construction. Using optical flow computer vision analysis to examine the movement of children during four video-recorded independent writing instances, we provide commentary about how the classroom writing experiences ...


Children Working It Out Together: A Comparison Of Younger And Older Learners Collaborating In Task Based Interaction, Rhonda Oliver, Jenefer J. Philp, Susan A. Duchesne Jan 2017

Children Working It Out Together: A Comparison Of Younger And Older Learners Collaborating In Task Based Interaction, Rhonda Oliver, Jenefer J. Philp, Susan A. Duchesne

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper describes peer interaction among children with English as an Additional Language (EAL) in primary schools. Through linguistic analysis it provides an exploratory examination of the nature of their collaborations, how they work together and the ways they interact as they complete classroom task pair work. 42 children from two junior and two senior classes of intermediate level English from four EAL reception classrooms participated. Data comprised recordings and transcriptions of the interactions of 11 pairs of younger (5–8 years) and 10 pairs of older (9–12 years) children as they completed five tasks over two weeks. An ...


Is Living Near Healthier Food Stores Associated With Better Food Intake In Regional Australia?, Hamid Moayyed, Bridget Kelly, Xiaoqi Feng, Victoria M. Flood Jan 2017

Is Living Near Healthier Food Stores Associated With Better Food Intake In Regional Australia?, Hamid Moayyed, Bridget Kelly, Xiaoqi Feng, Victoria M. Flood

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

High prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases is a global public health problem, in which the quality of food environments is thought to play an important role. Current scientific evidence is not consistent regarding the impact of food environments on diet. The relationship between local food environments and diet quality was assessed across 10 Australian suburbs, using Australian-based indices devised to measure the two parameters. Data of dietary habits from the participants was gathered using a short questionnaire. The suburbs’ Food Environment Score (higher being healthier) was associated with higher consumption of fruit (χ2 (40, 230) = 58.8, p ...


Manufacturing And Cultural Production: Towards A Progressive Policy Agenda For The Cultural Economy, Carl Grodach, Justin O'Connor, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2017

Manufacturing And Cultural Production: Towards A Progressive Policy Agenda For The Cultural Economy, Carl Grodach, Justin O'Connor, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Urban policy-makers have largely treated the cultural economy as either an appendage of a larger creative or knowledge-based economy or as a means of enhancing consumption. The result has been a focus on programs to attract highly educated and skilled professionals often at the expense of attention to workforce inequality, manual workers and skills, gentrification, and the displacement of small, independent manufacturing businesses. In the context of growing labour market inequality and deepening urban cultural schisms, this paper seeks to redirect urban and cultural policy toward a more progressive research and policy agenda centered on material cultural production. Our point ...


Canadian University Students' Gendered Attitudes Toward Plagiarism, Sahar Bokosmaty, John F. Ehrich, Michelle J. Eady, Kenton Bell Jan 2017

Canadian University Students' Gendered Attitudes Toward Plagiarism, Sahar Bokosmaty, John F. Ehrich, Michelle J. Eady, Kenton Bell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Prior research on plagiarism has indicated that men may have a greater predisposition toward academic dishonesty than women. However, little research has been conducted using psychometrically tested instruments to validate such claims. To address this gap, a survey was conducted with 377 undergraduate students at a Canadian university on their attitudes toward plagiarism using a psychometrically validated instrument (the Attitudes Toward Plagiarism Questionnaire - Revised). Using differential item functioning/Rasch analysis, no overall differences in attitudes toward plagiarism based on gender were found. A descriptive analysis of both men and women revealed that while only a concerning minority of students reported ...


What Can Agencies Do To Increase Foster Carer Satisfaction?, Melanie J. Randle, Leonie M. Miller, Sara Dolnicar Jan 2017

What Can Agencies Do To Increase Foster Carer Satisfaction?, Melanie J. Randle, Leonie M. Miller, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Stable, long-term foster care homes are critical to ensuring a safe and nurturing childhood for many children worldwide. Greater foster carer satisfaction is associated with increased carer retention and is therefore critical in securing such stable homes for children. The purpose of this study is to determine which factors associated with foster care agencies contribute to higher levels of foster carer satisfaction. Results from a longitudinal study of 137 foster carers indicate that perceived adequacy of agency support, preplacement training, money to cover placement expenses, and a good match between the carer and the child are predictive of higher foster ...


Experts' Views Regarding Australian School-Leavers' Knowledge Of Nutrition And Food Systems, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley Jan 2017

Experts' Views Regarding Australian School-Leavers' Knowledge Of Nutrition And Food Systems, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To explore Australian experts' views regarding strengths and gaps in school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems ( N & FS) and factors that influence that knowledge. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 highly experienced food-related experts in Australia. Qualitative data were analysed thematically using Attride-Stirling's thematic network framework. Results: Two global themes and several organising themes were identified. The first global theme, 'structural curriculum-based problems', emerged from three organising themes of: inconsistencies in provided food education programs at schools in Australia; insufficient coverage of food-related skills and food systems topics in school curricula; and the lack of trained school teachers. The second global theme, 'insufficient levels of school-leavers knowledge of N & FS ', was generated from four organising themes, which together described Australian school-leavers' poor knowledge of N & FS more broadly and knowledge translation problem for everyday practices. Conclusion: Study findings identified key problems relating to current school-based N & FS education programs in Australia and reported knowledge gaps in relation to N & FS ...


Iei-Emf Provocation Case Studies: A Novel Approach To Testing Sensitive Individuals. Bioelectromagnetics, Adam Verrender, Sarah P. Loughran, Lena Hillert, Gideon Rubin, Rodney J. Croft Jan 2017

Iei-Emf Provocation Case Studies: A Novel Approach To Testing Sensitive Individuals. Bioelectromagnetics, Adam Verrender, Sarah P. Loughran, Lena Hillert, Gideon Rubin, Rodney J. Croft

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

No abstract provided.


Soulful And Precarious: The Working Experiences Of Surfboard Makers, Andrew T. Warren, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2017

Soulful And Precarious: The Working Experiences Of Surfboard Makers, Andrew T. Warren, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Surfboard manufacturing is an essential part of the multibillion-dollar global surf industry. Not only do surfboard manufacturers supply consumers with the material means necessary for surfing, they provide subcultural capital to retailers and multinational surf brands that generate profit from surf-styled garments and apparel. Initially drawing from centuries-old Hawaiian precedents, surfboard manufacturing only developed as a capitalist industry in the late 1950s. Fo11owing convergence with Hollywood-inspired popular culture (film, television, and music) surfing became a fashionable leisure activity. A newfound popularity among Westerners produced a mass market for surfboard producers. Surfboard making, previously a do-it-yourself (D IY) hobbyist activity concentrated ...


Patient, General Practitioner And Oncologist Views Regarding Long-Term Cancer Shared Care, Heike Schutze, Melvin Chin, David Weller, Mark Fort Harris Jan 2017

Patient, General Practitioner And Oncologist Views Regarding Long-Term Cancer Shared Care, Heike Schutze, Melvin Chin, David Weller, Mark Fort Harris

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background The rising incidence of cancer and increasing number of cancer survivors place competing demands on specialist oncology clinics. This has led to a need to consider collaborative care between primary and secondary care for the long-term post-treatment care of cancer survivors. Objective To explore the views of breast and colorectal cancer survivors, their oncologist and GP about GPs taking a more active role in long-term cancer follow-up care. Methods Semi-structured interviews using a thematic analysis framework. Respondents were asked their views on the specialist hospital-based model for cancer follow-up care and their views on their GP taking a greater ...


Explaining Variance In Self-Directed Learning Readiness Of First Year Students In Health Professional Programs, Craig Slater, Anne Cusick, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie Jan 2017

Explaining Variance In Self-Directed Learning Readiness Of First Year Students In Health Professional Programs, Craig Slater, Anne Cusick, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Self-directed learning (SDL) is expected of health science graduates; it is thus a learning outcome in many pre-certification programs. Previous research identified age, gender, discipline and prior education as associated with variations in students' self-directed learning readiness (SDLR). Studies in other fields also propose personality as influential. Method: This study investigated relationships between SDLR and age, gender, discipline, previous education, and personality traits. The Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale and the 50-item 'big five' personality trait inventory were administered to 584 first-year undergraduate students (n = 312 female) enrolled in a first-session undergraduate interprofessional health sciences subject. Results: Students were from ...


Reinterpretation In Visual Imagery Is Possible Without Visual Cues: A Validation Of Previous Research, Kevin Kamermans, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Fred Mast, Fred Paas Jan 2017

Reinterpretation In Visual Imagery Is Possible Without Visual Cues: A Validation Of Previous Research, Kevin Kamermans, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Fred Mast, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Is visual reinterpretation of bistable figures (e.g., duck/rabbit figure) in visual imagery possible? Current consensus suggests that it is in principle possible because of converging evidence of quasi-pictorial functioning of visual imagery. Yet, studies that have directly tested and found evidence for reinterpretation in visual imagery, allow for the possibility that reinterpretation was already achieved during memorization of the figure(s). One study resolved this issue, providing evidence for reinterpretation in visual imagery (Mast and Kosslyn, Cognition 86:57-70, 2002). However, participants in that study performed reinterpretations with aid of visual cues. Hence, reinterpretation was not performed with ...


The Road To Same-Sex Marriage Support Has Been Long - And The Fight Isn't Over Yet, Scott J. Mckinnon Jan 2017

The Road To Same-Sex Marriage Support Has Been Long - And The Fight Isn't Over Yet, Scott J. Mckinnon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Today's same-sex marriage survey results represent a moment of extraordinary change. It is well within living memory that homosexuality in Australia was considered a crime, a sickness and a threat to the nation itself. The final Australian state to decriminalise male homosexuality was Tasmania, as recently as 1997. Plenty of gay men still remember the fear of prison terms that shadowed their lives. Plenty of lesbians still remember that, although their sex lives were never criminalised, the police and the courts found ways to oppress and harass them nonetheless. Many LGBTIQ people still carry the emotional and physical scars ...


An Early Years Toolbox For Assessing Early Executive Function, Language, Self-Regulation, And Social Development: Validity, Reliability, And Preliminary Norms, Steven J. Howard, Edward Melhuish Jan 2017

An Early Years Toolbox For Assessing Early Executive Function, Language, Self-Regulation, And Social Development: Validity, Reliability, And Preliminary Norms, Steven J. Howard, Edward Melhuish

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Several methods of assessing executive function (EF), self-regulation, language development, and social development in young children have been developed over previous decades. Yet new technologies make available methods of assessment not previously considered. In resolving conceptual and pragmatic limitations of existing tools, the Early Years Toolbox (EYT) offers substantial advantages for early assessment of language, EF, self-regulation, and social development. In the current study, results of our large-scale administration of this toolbox to 1,764 preschool and early primary school students indicated very good reliability, convergent validity with existing measures, and developmental sensitivity. Results were also suggestive of better capture ...