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Full-Text Articles in Education

Subcultural Enterprises, Brand Value, And Limits To Financialized Growth: The Rise And Fall Of Corporate Surfing Brands, Andrew T. Warren, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2017

Subcultural Enterprises, Brand Value, And Limits To Financialized Growth: The Rise And Fall Of Corporate Surfing Brands, Andrew T. Warren, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Geographical political economy increasingly scrutinises the socio-spatial contexts for brands and branding. Less understood is the influence of subcultures - neo-tribal groups sharing passions, a leisure pursuit or practice - on enterprise formation and the pathways through which brands emerge, trading on perceived authenticity. Subcultural contexts, we argue, unleash distinctive trajectories of enterprise formation, reputation-building, value-creation, global expansion and accumulation, and ultimately destruction. Here we focus on how particular subcultural values - of authenticity, competition, risk-taking, and active participation in 'scenes' - interact with capitalist growth dynamics, and where over time and space such intersections bring brands unstuck. Using the case of surfing subculture ...


Evaluation Of Waste Isoflurane Gas Exposure During Rodent Surgery In An Australian University, Kelly Johnstone, Cora Lau, Jane L. Whitelaw Jan 2017

Evaluation Of Waste Isoflurane Gas Exposure During Rodent Surgery In An Australian University, Kelly Johnstone, Cora Lau, Jane L. Whitelaw

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Biomedical researchers use of inhalational anesthetics has increased in recent years. Use of isoflurane as an inhalational anesthetic may result in human exposure to waste anesthetic gas. Potential health effects from exposure include genotoxic and hepatotoxic effects with some evidence of teratogenic and reproductive effects. Research suggests that exposure to waste anesthetic gas within human hospital settings has improved substantially but exposures to biomedical researchers and veterinarians still requires improvement. A number of biomedical research facilities are located at The University of Queensland, Australia, where researchers and animal handlers are potentially exposed to waste isoflurane gas. There is limited published ...


Associations Between Friendship Characteristics And Hiv And Hsv-2 Status Amongst Young South African Women In Hptn-068, Elizabeth Fearon, Richard Wiggins, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Macphail, Kathleen Kahn, Amanda Selin, F Gomez-Olive, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Oliver Laeyendecker, James Hargreaves Jan 2017

Associations Between Friendship Characteristics And Hiv And Hsv-2 Status Amongst Young South African Women In Hptn-068, Elizabeth Fearon, Richard Wiggins, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Macphail, Kathleen Kahn, Amanda Selin, F Gomez-Olive, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Oliver Laeyendecker, James Hargreaves

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: Prevalence of HIV among young women in South Africa remains extremely high. Adolescent peer groups have been found to be an important influence on a range of health behaviours. The characteristics of young women's friendships might influence their sexual health and HIV risk via connections to sexual partners, norms around sexual initiation and condom use, or provision of social support. We investigated associations between young women's friendships and their Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) and HIV infection status in rural South Africa. Methods: Our study is a cross-sectional, egocentric network analysis. In 2011 to 2012, we ...


Don't Ignore The Mobility Scooter. It May Just Be The Future Of Transport, Thomas Birtchnell, Gordon R. Waitt, Theresa Harada Jan 2017

Don't Ignore The Mobility Scooter. It May Just Be The Future Of Transport, Thomas Birtchnell, Gordon R. Waitt, Theresa Harada

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Are mobility scooters harbingers of a future where small and versatile electric vehicles roam our cities?


Gender Effects In A Multischool Alcohol Media Literacy Study With Preadolescents, Chloe S. Gordon, Steven J. Howard, Lisa K. Kervin, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2017

Gender Effects In A Multischool Alcohol Media Literacy Study With Preadolescents, Chloe S. Gordon, Steven J. Howard, Lisa K. Kervin, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective. Alcohol media literacy (AML) programs have achieved positive results for alcohol prevention; however, gender may moderate program effectiveness. This study investigated gender differences for an Australian AML intervention. Method. Fifth and sixth graders (N = 165), allocated to an intervention or wait-list control group, participated in an AML program. Student questionnaires were administered at three time points. Results. The intervention resulted in significantly higher media deconstruction skills but did not lead to less preference for branded merchandise or greater understanding of persuasive intent, and these effects did not differ by gender. Gender differences were present in social norms for drinking ...


Do Aspects Of Social, Emotional And Behavioural Development In The Pre-School Period Predict Later Cognitive And Academic Attainment?, David Hammer, Edward Melhuish, Steven J. Howard Jan 2017

Do Aspects Of Social, Emotional And Behavioural Development In The Pre-School Period Predict Later Cognitive And Academic Attainment?, David Hammer, Edward Melhuish, Steven J. Howard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

© 2017, © Australian Council for Educational Research 2017. Some aspects of child non-cognitive development in pre-school have independently been shown to predict academic outcomes in later primary and early high school. However, the extent to which each aspect uniquely predicts these outcomes remains unclear. It is also unclear as to what mechanisms may predict these aspects of non-cognitive development. To address these issues, the current study sought to explore the antecedents to, and the predictive strength of, prominent aspects of early non-cognitive development (e.g. hyperactivity, pro-social behaviour, peer and conduct problems at 4–5 years of age) on children’s ...


Overdiagnosis, Ethics, And Trolley Problems: Why Factors Other Than Outcomes Matter-An Essay, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2017

Overdiagnosis, Ethics, And Trolley Problems: Why Factors Other Than Outcomes Matter-An Essay, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In February 2014, the non-governmental Swiss Medical Board recommended that mammography programmes in Switzerland may eventually be closed down because they might not deliver more benefits than harms. In the resulting uproar the board was accused of being "unethical." Controversy about mammography has persisted in the UK, US, Canada, and elsewhere, and disputes about overdiagnosis exist in prostate cancer, chronic kidney disease, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and many other conditions. People concerned about overdiagnosis are compelled by evidence of harms outweighing benefits. But not everyone is equally compelled. This may be because of disagreements over the evidence, conflicts of interest ...