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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Delaying Effect Of Stigma On Mental Health Help-Seeking In Sri Lanka, Sunera M. Fernando, Frank P. Deane, Hamish J. Mcleod Jan 2017

The Delaying Effect Of Stigma On Mental Health Help-Seeking In Sri Lanka, Sunera M. Fernando, Frank P. Deane, Hamish J. Mcleod

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Mental health stigma has been associated with delays in seeking treatment. Aims: To describe perceived stigma experienced by patients and carers in Sri Lanka and to determine the effects of stigma on help-seeking delay. Methods: Survey of outpatients and family carers (n = 118 dyads) attending two psychiatric hospitals in Sri Lanka, using the Disclosure and Discrimination subscales of the Stigma Scale. Results: Stigma was positively related to help-seeking delay for carers but not patients. Public stigma experienced by carers accounted for 23% of the variance in help-seeking delay. Conclusion: Reducing stigma may reduce help-seeking delays during the course of ...


Compliance With The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years: Associations With Weight Status, Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Eduarda Manuela De Sousa Rodrigues De Sa, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2017

Compliance With The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years: Associations With Weight Status, Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Eduarda Manuela De Sousa Rodrigues De Sa, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Inte grated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status. Methods: The sample comprised 202 toddlers (104 girls) aged 19.74 ± 4.07 months from the GET UP! Study. Participants wore accelerometers (Actigraph GT3X+) for ...


Serum Adiponectin Levels And Cardiorespiratory Fitness In Nonoverweight And Overweight Portuguese Adolescents: The Labmed Physical Activity Study, César Agostinis-Sobrinho, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luis Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Jostein Steene-Johannessen, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos Jan 2017

Serum Adiponectin Levels And Cardiorespiratory Fitness In Nonoverweight And Overweight Portuguese Adolescents: The Labmed Physical Activity Study, César Agostinis-Sobrinho, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luis Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Jostein Steene-Johannessen, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Purpose: This study examined the independent associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and circulating adiponectin concentration in adolescents, controlling for several potential covariates.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in Portuguese adolescents. A sample of 529 (267 girls) aged 12-18 years were included and categorized as overweight and nonoverweight. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by 20 meters shuttle run test. We measured serum adiponectin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, fasting glucose, insulin and HDL-cholesterol.

Results: After adjustment for age, sex, pubertal stage, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, socioeconomic status, body fat percentage, insulin resistance, HDL-cholesterol and C-reactive protein, regression analysis showed a significant inverse association ...


Relating To Nature, Food And Community In Community Gardens, Ellen Van Holstein Jan 2017

Relating To Nature, Food And Community In Community Gardens, Ellen Van Holstein

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper sheds critical light on the motivations and practices of community gardeners in relatively affluent neighbourhoods. The paper engages with community garden, alternative food and domestic garden literatures, to understand how people fit food production into their everyday lives, how they develop relationships to plants and how these in turn shape relations between people in a community group. The paper draws on participant observation and semi-structured walking interviews conducted at three community gardens in Sydney, Australia. The paper concludes that to fit community gardening into busy lives, people strategically choose plants with biophysical qualities that suit personal as well ...


Manufacturing And Cultural Production: Towards A Progressive Policy Agenda For The Cultural Economy, Carl Grodach, Justin O'Connor, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2017

Manufacturing And Cultural Production: Towards A Progressive Policy Agenda For The Cultural Economy, Carl Grodach, Justin O'Connor, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Urban policy-makers have largely treated the cultural economy as either an appendage of a larger creative or knowledge-based economy or as a means of enhancing consumption. The result has been a focus on programs to attract highly educated and skilled professionals often at the expense of attention to workforce inequality, manual workers and skills, gentrification, and the displacement of small, independent manufacturing businesses. In the context of growing labour market inequality and deepening urban cultural schisms, this paper seeks to redirect urban and cultural policy toward a more progressive research and policy agenda centered on material cultural production. Our point ...


Subcultural Enterprises, Brand Value, And Limits To Financialized Growth: The Rise And Fall Of Corporate Surfing Brands, Andrew T. Warren, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2017

Subcultural Enterprises, Brand Value, And Limits To Financialized Growth: The Rise And Fall Of Corporate Surfing Brands, Andrew T. Warren, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Geographical political economy increasingly scrutinises the socio-spatial contexts for brands and branding. Less understood is the influence of subcultures - neo-tribal groups sharing passions, a leisure pursuit or practice - on enterprise formation and the pathways through which brands emerge, trading on perceived authenticity. Subcultural contexts, we argue, unleash distinctive trajectories of enterprise formation, reputation-building, value-creation, global expansion and accumulation, and ultimately destruction. Here we focus on how particular subcultural values - of authenticity, competition, risk-taking, and active participation in 'scenes' - interact with capitalist growth dynamics, and where over time and space such intersections bring brands unstuck. Using the case of surfing subculture ...


Eliminating Latent Tuberculosis In Low-Burden Settings: Are The Principal Beneficiaries To Be Disadvantaged Groups Or The Broader Population?, Christopher J. Degeling, Justin Denholm, Paul Mason, Ian Kerridge, Angus Dawson Jan 2017

Eliminating Latent Tuberculosis In Low-Burden Settings: Are The Principal Beneficiaries To Be Disadvantaged Groups Or The Broader Population?, Christopher J. Degeling, Justin Denholm, Paul Mason, Ian Kerridge, Angus Dawson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the burdens of this disease continue to track prior disadvantage. In order to galvanise a coordinated global res ponse, WHO has recently launched the End TB Campaign that aims to eliminate TB by 2050. Key to this is the introduction of population screening programmes in low-burden settings to identify and treat people who have latent TB infection (LTBI). The defining features of LTBI are: that it is not an active disease but confers an increased risk of disease; the socially disadvantaged are those most in danger and uncertainty ...


Using Unannounced Standardised Patients As A Quality Improvement Tool To Improve Primary Care, Heike Schutze, Elizabeth Harris, Mark Fort Harris Jan 2017

Using Unannounced Standardised Patients As A Quality Improvement Tool To Improve Primary Care, Heike Schutze, Elizabeth Harris, Mark Fort Harris

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 2nd International Conference on General Practice & Primary Care, 18-19 September 2017, Zurich, Switzerland


Using Film In Social Work Education: A Medium For Critical Analysis, Mim Fox Jan 2017

Using Film In Social Work Education: A Medium For Critical Analysis, Mim Fox

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Whilst developing an undergraduate social work subject this year in group work practice I started to reflect on the number of films I had seen over the years where support groups or group process had been depicted as a component of the protagonist's life journey. Modern films such as Ruben Guthrie (2015) and Thankyou for Sharing (2012) came to mind, along with the classic One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975). As I started to think about this the list grew and I realised that social work students already had a wealth of representations to draw on when ...


Rediscovering Why I Do What I Do: The Benefits Of Explaining Ergonomics To Researchers From Different Disciplines - A Personal Reflection On A Phd Journey, Alison F. Bell Jan 2017

Rediscovering Why I Do What I Do: The Benefits Of Explaining Ergonomics To Researchers From Different Disciplines - A Personal Reflection On A Phd Journey, Alison F. Bell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the HFESA 52nd Annual Conference, 26-29 November 2017, Wollongong, Australia


Do Aspects Of Social, Emotional And Behavioural Development In The Pre-School Period Predict Later Cognitive And Academic Attainment?, David Hammer, Edward Melhuish, Steven J. Howard Jan 2017

Do Aspects Of Social, Emotional And Behavioural Development In The Pre-School Period Predict Later Cognitive And Academic Attainment?, David Hammer, Edward Melhuish, Steven J. Howard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

© 2017, © Australian Council for Educational Research 2017. Some aspects of child non-cognitive development in pre-school have independently been shown to predict academic outcomes in later primary and early high school. However, the extent to which each aspect uniquely predicts these outcomes remains unclear. It is also unclear as to what mechanisms may predict these aspects of non-cognitive development. To address these issues, the current study sought to explore the antecedents to, and the predictive strength of, prominent aspects of early non-cognitive development (e.g. hyperactivity, pro-social behaviour, peer and conduct problems at 4–5 years of age) on children’s ...


The Affluence-Vulnerability Interface: Intersecting Scales Of Risk, Privilege And Disaster, Christine Eriksen, Gregory Simon Jan 2017

The Affluence-Vulnerability Interface: Intersecting Scales Of Risk, Privilege And Disaster, Christine Eriksen, Gregory Simon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper examines vulnerability in the context of affluence and privilege. It focuses on the 1991 Oakland Hills Firestorm in California, USA to examine long-term lived experiences of the disaster. Vulnerability is typically understood as a condition besetting poor and marginalized communities. Frequently ignored in these discussions are the experiences of those who live in more affluent areas. This paper seeks to more closely explain vulnerability at its interface with affluence. The aim is to challenge uncritical explanations of vulnerability. We also offer alternative ways of conceptualizing vulnerability as a material condition and social construct that acknowledges broader cultural, ecological ...


Sydney Playground Project: A Cluster‐Randomized Trial To Increase Physical Activity, Play, And Social Skills, Anita C. Bundy, Lina Engelen, Shirley Wyver, Paul Tranter, Jo Ragen, Adrian E. Bauman, Louise A. Baur, Wendy Schiller, Judy Simpson, Anita Niehues, Gabrielle Perry, Glenda Jessup, Geraldine A. Naughton Jan 2017

Sydney Playground Project: A Cluster‐Randomized Trial To Increase Physical Activity, Play, And Social Skills, Anita C. Bundy, Lina Engelen, Shirley Wyver, Paul Tranter, Jo Ragen, Adrian E. Bauman, Louise A. Baur, Wendy Schiller, Judy Simpson, Anita Niehues, Gabrielle Perry, Glenda Jessup, Geraldine A. Naughton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND

We assessed the effectiveness of a simple intervention for increasing children's physical activity, play, perceived competence/social acceptance, and social skills.

METHODS

A cluster‐randomized controlled trial was conducted, in which schools were the clusters. Twelve Sydney (Australia) primary schools were randomly allocated to intervention or control conditions, with 226 children (5‐7 years old) selected randomly to participate. Data were collected at baseline and after 13 weeks. The intervention consisted of introducing recycled materials without an obvious play purpose into school playgrounds and a risk‐reframing workshop for parents and teachers.

RESULTS

Children from the intervention schools ...


Exploring Patient And Family Involvement In The Lifecycle Of An Orphan Drug: A Scoping Review, Andrea Young, Devidas Menson, Jacqueline M. Street, Walla Al-Hertani, Tania Stafinski Jan 2017

Exploring Patient And Family Involvement In The Lifecycle Of An Orphan Drug: A Scoping Review, Andrea Young, Devidas Menson, Jacqueline M. Street, Walla Al-Hertani, Tania Stafinski

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Patients and their families have become more active in healthcare systems and research. The value of patient involvement is particularly relevant in the area of rare diseases, where patients face delayed diagnoses and limited access to effective therapies due to the high level of uncertainty in market approval and reimbursement decisions. It has been suggested that patient involvement may help to reduce some of these uncertainties. This review explored existing and proposed roles for patients, families, and patient organizations at each stage of the lifecycle of therapies for rare diseases (i.e., orphan drug lifecycle). Methods: A scoping review ...


A Brief Historical Perspective On The Advent Of Brain Oscillations In The Biological And Psychological Disciplines, Sirel Karakas, Robert J. Barry Jan 2017

A Brief Historical Perspective On The Advent Of Brain Oscillations In The Biological And Psychological Disciplines, Sirel Karakas, Robert J. Barry

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

We aim to review the historical evolution that has led to the study of the brain (body)-mind relationship based on brain oscillations, to outline and illustrate the principles of neuro-oscillatory dynamics using research findings. The paper addresses the relevant developments in behavioral sciences after Wundt established the science of psychology, and developments in the neurosciences after alpha and gamma oscillations were discovered by Berger and Adrian, respectively. Basic neuroscientific studies have led to a number of principles: (1) spontaneous EEG is composed of a set of oscillatory components, (2) the brain responds with oscillatory activity, (3) poststimulus oscillatory activity ...


Exposure To Digital Marketing Enhances Young Adults' Interest In Energy Drinks: An Exploratory Investigation, Li Min Buchanan, Bridget Kelly, Heather Yeatman Jan 2017

Exposure To Digital Marketing Enhances Young Adults' Interest In Energy Drinks: An Exploratory Investigation, Li Min Buchanan, Bridget Kelly, Heather Yeatman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Young adults experience faster weight gain and consume more unhealthy food than any other age groups. The impact of online food marketing on "digital native" young adults is unclear. This study examined the effects of online marketing on young adults' consumption behaviours, using energy drinks as a case example. The elaboration likelihood model of persuasion was used as the theoretical basis. A pre-test post-test experimental research design was adopted using mixed-methods. Participants (aged 18-24) were randomly assigned to control or experimental groups (N = 30 each). Experimental group participants' attitudes towards and intended purchase and consumption of energy drinks were examined ...


Wheat, Sheep Or Elvis Presley? Rural Australia Has Had To Change Its Tune, John Connell, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2017

Wheat, Sheep Or Elvis Presley? Rural Australia Has Had To Change Its Tune, John Connell, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Rural and regional Australia have had a hard time of late. The economies of Sydney and Melbourne are growing, but much of the rest of their states are not. The population of regional areas is stagnating and agriculture is struggling. Perhaps worst of all there is a feeling that no-one in Canberra or in the booming coastal periphery cares about this. The people of Orange have apparently spoken. Outside Sydney, behind what seems like an impervious sandstone curtain, not all is well. Even the largest towns in regional New South Wales are struggling to retain their populations and have faced ...


Educator Engagement And Interaction And Children's Physical Activity In Early Childhood Education And Care Settings: An Observational Study Protocol, Karen Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, M. Hagenbuchner, Tuc Nguyen, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2017

Educator Engagement And Interaction And Children's Physical Activity In Early Childhood Education And Care Settings: An Observational Study Protocol, Karen Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, M. Hagenbuchner, Tuc Nguyen, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: The benefits of regular physical activity for children are significant. Previous research has addressed the quantity and quality of children's physical activity while in early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings, yet little research has investigated the social and physical environmental influences on physical activity in these settings. The outcomes of this study will be to measure these social and physical environmental influences on children's physical activity using a combination of a real-time location system (RTLS) (a closed system that tracks the location of movement of participants via readers and tags), accelerometry and direct observation. Methods and ...


The Role Of Community Sports Clubs In Adolescent Mental Health: The Perspectives Of Adolescent Males' Parents, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian F. Swann, Mark S. Allen, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2017

The Role Of Community Sports Clubs In Adolescent Mental Health: The Perspectives Of Adolescent Males' Parents, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian F. Swann, Mark S. Allen, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Adolescent males are at relatively high risk of developing mental health disorders and show low rates of help seeking when mental health disorders arise. Parents are the primary source of support for adolescents and therefore have an important role in mental health promotion and prevention of mental health disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the perceptions of adolescent males' parents on the potential role of community sport clubs in adolescent mental health promotion. Forty-six parents of adolescent males took part in 10 focus groups to investigate parents' mental health knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, perceptions of the role ...


Pharmacology Students' Perceptions Of Creating Multimodal Digital Explanations, Wendy S. Nielsen, Garry F. Hoban, Christopher J. T Hyland Jan 2017

Pharmacology Students' Perceptions Of Creating Multimodal Digital Explanations, Wendy S. Nielsen, Garry F. Hoban, Christopher J. T Hyland

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Students can now digitally construct their own representations of scientific concepts using a variety of modes including writing, diagrams, 2-D and 3-D models, images or speech, all of which communicate meaning. In this study, final-year chemistry students studying a pharmacology subject created a ''blended media'' digital product as an assignment to summarize an independently prepared technical literature review on a current research topic in pharmacology for a non-expert audience. A blended media is a simplified way for students to combine a variety of modes to complement a narration to explain a concept to others. In this study, the students learned ...


The International Field Placement: A Reconciliation Of Identity, Mim Fox Jan 2017

The International Field Placement: A Reconciliation Of Identity, Mim Fox

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The international field placement is a site of both identity confusion and identity development for the social work student. Aiming to develop their professional identity they are faced with a challenge: the presence of two dominant identities, the tourist identity and the student identity. Whilst the embodiment of the tourist identity has often facilitated the student¿s motivation to undertake the placement experience, the student identity is what both university staff and agency field educators perceive as integral to student engagement in this remote educational setting. Social work educators perceive this identity challenge as an impediment to learning. In contrast ...


Personality Disorder: A Mental Health Priority Area, Brin F. S Grenyer, Fiona Y. Ng, Michelle L. Townsend, Sathya Rao Jan 2017

Personality Disorder: A Mental Health Priority Area, Brin F. S Grenyer, Fiona Y. Ng, Michelle L. Townsend, Sathya Rao

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Personality disorders have received limited recognition as a public health priority, despite the publication of treatment guidelines and reviews showing effective treatments are available. Inclusive approaches to understanding and servicing personality disorder are required that integrate different service providers. This viewpoint paper identifies pertinent issues surrounding early intervention, treatment needs, consumer and carer experiences, and the need for accurate and representative data collection in personality disorder as starting points in mental health care reform.


The Facespan-The Perceptual Span For Face Recognition, M Papinutto, Junpeng Lao, Meike Ramon, Roberto Caldara, Sebastien R. Miellet Jan 2017

The Facespan-The Perceptual Span For Face Recognition, M Papinutto, Junpeng Lao, Meike Ramon, Roberto Caldara, Sebastien R. Miellet

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In reading, the perceptual span is a well-established concept that refers to the amount of information that can be read in a single fixation. Surprisingly, despite extensive empirical interest in determining the perceptual strategies deployed to process faces and an ongoing debate regarding the factors or mechanism(s) underlying efficient face processing, the perceptual span for faces-the Facespan-remains undetermined. To address this issue, we applied the gaze-contingent Spotlight technique implemented in an old-new face recognition paradigm. This procedure allowed us to parametrically vary the amount of facial information available at a fixated location in order to determine the minimal aperture ...


Atypical Interference Control In Children With Ad/Hd With Elevated Theta/Beta Ratio, Dawei Zhang, Steven J. Roodenrys, Hui Li, Robert J. Barry, Adam R. Clarke, Zhanliang Wu, Qihua Zhao, Yanlin Song, Lu Liu, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Stuart J. Johnstone, Li-Chao Sun Jan 2017

Atypical Interference Control In Children With Ad/Hd With Elevated Theta/Beta Ratio, Dawei Zhang, Steven J. Roodenrys, Hui Li, Robert J. Barry, Adam R. Clarke, Zhanliang Wu, Qihua Zhao, Yanlin Song, Lu Liu, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Stuart J. Johnstone, Li-Chao Sun

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The theta/beta ratio (TBR) is a major area of interest within electroencephalogram (EEG) research in AD/HD. While researchers suggest a prognostic role for TBR in AD/HD, its relationship to behavior remains uncertain. Recent evidence suggests that elevated TBR in AD/HD may be related to atypical inhibition, particularly at an attentional level. This study aimed to examine the performance on three inhibitory tasks of children with AD/HD. Fifty-eight children with AD/HD participated, divided into an elevated TBR (ET) group and a control group (CT). A behavioral disassociation was found − compared to CT, ET showed more ...


Essential Nutrition And Food Systems Components For School Curricula; Views From Experts In Iran, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Nasrin Omidvar, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley Jan 2017

Essential Nutrition And Food Systems Components For School Curricula; Views From Experts In Iran, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Nasrin Omidvar, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: This study aimed to investigate food experts' views on important nutrition and food systems knowledge issues for education purposes at schools in Iran. Methods: In 2012, semi-structured, face-to-face or telephone interviews were conducted with twenty-eight acknowledged Iranian experts in food and nutrition fields. Participants were selected from four major provinces in Iran (Te-hran, Isfahan, Fars and Gilan). Open-ended interview questions were used to identify nutrition and food systems knowledge issues, which experts considered as important to be included in school education programs. Qualitative interviews were analyzed thematically using NVivo. Results: A framework of knowledge that would assist Iranian students ...


Midwives' Role In Providing Nutrition Advice During Pregnancy: Meeting The Challenges? A Qualitative Study, Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira J. Williamson Jan 2017

Midwives' Role In Providing Nutrition Advice During Pregnancy: Meeting The Challenges? A Qualitative Study, Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira J. Williamson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study explored the Australian midwives' role in the provision of nutrition advice. Little is known about their perceptions of this role, the influence of the model of care, and the barriers and facilitators that may influence them providing quality nutrition advice to pregnant women. Semistructured telephone interviews were undertaken with a subsample (n=16) of the members of the Australian College of Midwives who participated in an online survey about midwives' nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and their confidence in providing nutrition advice during pregnancy. Thematic descriptive analysis was used to analyse the data. Midwives believed they have a vital role ...


Can Trying To Meet Specific Exercise Goals Put Us Off Being Active Altogether?, Christian F. Swann, Simon Rosenbaum Jan 2017

Can Trying To Meet Specific Exercise Goals Put Us Off Being Active Altogether?, Christian F. Swann, Simon Rosenbaum

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Encouraging people to meet specific fitness goals when they are new to exercising can be ineffective. In fact, it may even make it harder to become active, according to an editorial published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.


Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years (0-4 Years): An Integration Of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, And Sleep, Mark S. Tremblay, Jean-Phillipe Chaput, Kristi Adamo, Salome Aubert, J Barnes, Louise Choquette, Mary Duggan, Guy Faulkner, Gary Goldfield, Casey E. Gray, Reut Gruber, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Xanne Janssen, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nicholas Kuzik, Claire Leblanc, Joanna Maclean, Anthony D. Okely, Veronica J. Poitras, M Rayner, John J. Reilly, Margaret Sampson, John C. Spence, Brian W. Timmons, Valerie Carson Jan 2017

Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years (0-4 Years): An Integration Of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, And Sleep, Mark S. Tremblay, Jean-Phillipe Chaput, Kristi Adamo, Salome Aubert, J Barnes, Louise Choquette, Mary Duggan, Guy Faulkner, Gary Goldfield, Casey E. Gray, Reut Gruber, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Xanne Janssen, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nicholas Kuzik, Claire Leblanc, Joanna Maclean, Anthony D. Okely, Veronica J. Poitras, M Rayner, John J. Reilly, Margaret Sampson, John C. Spence, Brian W. Timmons, Valerie Carson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology convened representatives of national organizations, research experts, methodologists, stakeholders, and end-users who followed rigorous and transparent guideline development procedures to create the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years): An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. These novel guidelines for children of the early years embrace the natural and intuitive integration of movement behaviours across the whole day (24-h period). Methods: The development process was guided by the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument. Four systematic reviews (physical activity, sedentary behaviour, sleep, combined behaviours ...


What Should Be Taught In Secondary Schools' Nutrition And Food Systems Education? Views From Prominent Food-Related Professionals In Australia, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley Jan 2017

What Should Be Taught In Secondary Schools' Nutrition And Food Systems Education? Views From Prominent Food-Related Professionals In Australia, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Education can help young people to attain the knowledge and the skills that they need to make proper food choices and develop lifelong healthy eating patterns. This study explored the perspectives of prominent food-related professionals in Australia regarding essential nutrition and food systems (N & FS) education programs for adolescents during formal education. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 prominent food-related professionals in Australia. Interview transcripts were analysed thematically. Four essential areas for N & FS education programs were identified. (1) Key nutrition messages to a healthy lifestyle; (2) Skill development programs to enhance health and wellbeing; (3) Ethical food-related lessons to support environmental sustainability, farm animal welfare, local producers, and food security; and, (4) Introductory lessons about foods from farm to plate to facilitate more informed food choices. Findings of this study may provide new insights for curriculum developers in Australia for further ...


The Oscillating Potential Model Of Visually Induced Vection, Takeharu Seno, Ken-Ichi Sawai, Hidetoshi Kanaya, Toshihiro Wakebe, Masaki Ogawa, Yoshitaka Fujii, Stephen Palmisano Jan 2017

The Oscillating Potential Model Of Visually Induced Vection, Takeharu Seno, Ken-Ichi Sawai, Hidetoshi Kanaya, Toshihiro Wakebe, Masaki Ogawa, Yoshitaka Fujii, Stephen Palmisano

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2017, The Author(s) 2017. Visually induced illusions of self-motion are often referred to as vection. This article developed and tested a model of responding to visually induced vection. We first constructed a mathematical model based on well-documented characteristics of vection and human behavioral responses to this illusion. We then conducted 10,000 virtual trial simulations using this Oscillating Potential Vection Model (OPVM). OPVM was used to generate simulated vection onset, duration, and magnitude responses for each of these trials. Finally, we compared the properties of OPVM's simulated vection responses with real responses obtained in seven different laboratory-based vection ...