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Teaching To Think & Read Like A Historian, Erin E. Moses May 2016

Teaching To Think & Read Like A Historian, Erin E. Moses

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores how a disciplinary literacy framework could impact adolescent comprehension in the content area of social studies. I collected qualitative data by recording interviews with five high school social studies teachers, while also analyzing the school’s curriculum and its integration of literacy. Several findings were acquired from the research: 1) a need to return to the basics of reading and writing; 2) break down the sources for student comprehension of complex texts used in social studies classes; 3) students’ struggle with historical writing; and 4) comprehension literacy strategies used in social studies classrooms. Conclusions from this study ...


Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak Dec 2015

Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension, influenced by factors such as fluency and vocabulary, is a struggle among K-12 students, but especially middle school students. Since the implementation of the CCSS and a push for more rigorous reading material, the task of ensuring students comprehend complex texts is a challenging one for teachers. Due to the nature of reading comprehension, it’s a skill difficult to assess, leaving teachers unsure when and how to implement it into their already demanding curriculum. But reading comprehension is not a skill that necessarily needs to be taught, it’s one that has to be practiced independently by ...


Enhancing Reading Comprehension In Students With Disabilities Through Differentiated Instruction, Allison W. Ghyzel May 2015

Enhancing Reading Comprehension In Students With Disabilities Through Differentiated Instruction, Allison W. Ghyzel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

My project is a self-study designed to assist me in my thinking and understanding as a Special Education teacher, with the aim for me to become a better educator and share my findings with other teachers and educators on how to effectively differentiate reading comprehension instruction for students with disabilities, in particular those with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Research for my study was conducted in a Special Education setting, using five different instructional strategies to promote reading comprehension in students with disabilities, primarily students with ASD. I collected data using a daily questionnaire, a reflection journal, and observations over a ...


Exploring The Use Of Interactive Read Alouds To Support The Literacy Development Of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services, Abbey L. Boyst Aug 2012

Exploring The Use Of Interactive Read Alouds To Support The Literacy Development Of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services, Abbey L. Boyst

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students identified as requiring Academic Intervention Services (AIS), either through testing or teacher recommendation, often struggle with fluency, reading comprehension, or a combination of both. This thesis project examines the effects of interactive read-alouds in reading instruction in an AIS class as a means to foster growth in comprehension and literacy skills. The central question, what happens when read-aloud activities include explicit instruction of reading comprehension and is incorporated into the instruction of students receiving AIS, was explored. The literature review section discusses previous research observations on the use of a designed read-aloud curriculum for teaching comprehension of narrative texts ...


The Use Of Hands-On Comprehension Games In Literacy Development, Maria Prestigiacomo Apr 2012

The Use Of Hands-On Comprehension Games In Literacy Development, Maria Prestigiacomo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension is one of the most difficult components to teach. I have tried every resource my district has given me to help build comprehension skills and I have not seen a significant impact on the children’s learning. I investigated hands-on games and activities to see if they could help improve and build comprehension skills.

Many children in the twenty-first century are tactile learners and need hands-on activities. Keeping this in mind I researched and implemented hands-on games and activities for students in the fifth-grade to practice and reinforce their comprehension skills. I created, taught through guided practice, and ...


Analyzing The Impact Of The Interactive White Board On Reading Comprehension, Amanda Martin May 2010

Analyzing The Impact Of The Interactive White Board On Reading Comprehension, Amanda Martin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading is both an academic necessity and cross curricular activity. Students who struggle with reading and comprehension experience frustration – not just while in reading group, but also in math trying to decipher their word problems, in language arts when they are reading the shared story, in social studies when they are studying the textbook, and in science when they are reviewing the experiment workbook pages. This thesis project explores the use of an interactive whiteboard to instruct and enhance reading comprehension. A literature review of current best practices, as well as historical modes, of teaching vocabulary, reading, and comprehension, examines ...


The Effects Of Readers' Theater On The Fluency And Comprehension Of Students Reading Below Grade Level, Melinda E. Faatz Aug 2009

The Effects Of Readers' Theater On The Fluency And Comprehension Of Students Reading Below Grade Level, Melinda E. Faatz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explored the impact that readers' theater has on the reading fluency and comprehension of students who are reading below grade level. The study was conducted in 12:1:1 self-contained special education classroom in a rural elementary school in Western New York over the course of five weeks and included four students in 3rd to 6th grades, all reading at different levels.

Data was collected through a variety of measures throughout the course of the five-week study including daily observation and note taking of students reading out loud and practicing and/or performing readers' theater scripts. Data was ...


How Is Comprehension Affected When Reading Aloud Versus Reading Silently?, Justine Marie Fancher Aug 2007

How Is Comprehension Affected When Reading Aloud Versus Reading Silently?, Justine Marie Fancher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research project was to examine how students comprehend reading best. There are advocates for both reading aloud and reading silently, therefore this project was purposeful to find out which seems to be the most effective for comprehension alone. The objective of this project was to determine if reading silently or reading aloud is more beneficial in terms of aiding comprehension. Comprehension is a vital component to reading. It is the underlying goal in all areas of reading development. This study helped to determine how comprehension is gained more effectively. My goal for my research was to ...


Using Various Strategies To Increase Reading Comprehension, Sarah Gahagan Aug 2007

Using Various Strategies To Increase Reading Comprehension, Sarah Gahagan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading is more than knowing how to sound out the words. It also entails comprehension and meaning, making connections with prior knowledge and learning. This thesis project examines what types of quality instructional strategies can be implemented by a general education English Language Arts teacher in order to improve the reading comprehension of students who are reading below grade level. The literature review section discusses comprehending text, decoding skills, and building fluency with the intermediate student in mind. The six week active research for the project was conducted in a western New York suburban school district with five sixth grade ...


How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek Aug 2007

How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The researcher wanted to see what strategies fourth grade students say they use when they come to a word they don't know while they are reading. The researcher asked them what they do and then had them read out loud from a text. Notes were taken on the strategies they used to see if what they said matched what they actually did. Three mini-lessons were then given on word-solving strategies that they could use to figure out unknown words. Last, the students read out loud again and were asked what they do to problem-solve a word. The results were ...


How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King Aug 2007

How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate what happens to the fluency of struggling readers when the decoding of new or unfamiliar words were taught during small group reading instruction.

Three females and two male first and second grade students provided usable data for this study. Research was.collected over a three-month period and was taken during small reading groups. The elements of fluency that were addressed in the study were expression, accuracy, rate, and smoothness. Components that were used to increase fluency were the Dolch sight words, rereading, and word study. The students were tested three different times ...


What Happens When Students Are Taught To Self-Assess Their Written Responses To Literature?, Jennifer Beth Goodwin Aug 2007

What Happens When Students Are Taught To Self-Assess Their Written Responses To Literature?, Jennifer Beth Goodwin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine what the effects were of students learning how to self-assess their own writing, specifically their written responses to literature. I determined what the effects were by assessing students' writing prior to and following discussion about self-assessment. The goal of this study was to find out if learning how to self-assess writing affects the quality of the writing.

I conducted my research on two small groups from a suburban elementary school in upstate New York. The participants consisted of three fourth grade students and four sixth grade students. The students were pulled out ...


Effectiveness Of Repeated Reading Along With Self-Evaluation On Reading Fluency, Lindsay Rae Strassner Jul 2007

Effectiveness Of Repeated Reading Along With Self-Evaluation On Reading Fluency, Lindsay Rae Strassner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of immediate repeated reading and self-assessment of short passages, poems, arid phrases on all aspects of oral reading fluency and reading accuracy reading rate. Two male and one female third grade students were selected based on classroom teacher recommendation. The children who were chosen were not considered "at risk" students, they just needed a little extra push to reach and stay at grade level. Repeated read aloud opportunities were created for the children, by the researcher, in regular one-on-one sessions for the duration of two week periods. The children were ...


The Effects Of Using Storytelling On Reading Comprehension Through Drama And Theater, Marie Milord Apr 2007

The Effects Of Using Storytelling On Reading Comprehension Through Drama And Theater, Marie Milord

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper was written to determine the effect that storytelling, drama and theater have on reading comprehension . Past research has shown that integrating the arts in the core subjects results in higher academic achievements with students (Dickinson et al., 1997). Further research has shown that incorporating drama and theater in the curriculum help children to construct meaning in a real way (Furman, 2000). Storytelling in the classroom is also a way to get students actively involved in their learning. In this paper a four week curriculum was set up to determine if incorporating storytelling, drama and theater during the students ...


Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris Aug 2006

Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The researcher, who was an intern in a fourth grade classroom, was interested jn determining if and how Readers' Theater might affect reading fluency in struggling readers. The students in the study exhibited a range of reading levels, but all struggled with fluency. Before beginning Readers' Theater, the researcher assessed the students for fluency. Specifically, students were tested for automaticity, accuracy and prosody. The researcher then implemented a Readers' Theater program for a total of ten weeks. The students participated in the program three days a week ...


Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette Jun 2005

Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Emergent readers face a difficult task as they begin to build their reading skills. Reading is a process that utilizes various skills, especially in the early stages of reading development. This study was conducted in an urban elementary school to investigate the importance of listening comprehension within a setting of emergent readers, participating in the Success For All: Reading Roots program. Specifically, this research explores the correlation between listening comprehension skills and reading levels in a group of beginning readers. It identifies teachers' beliefs on the value and purpose of read-alouds in the classrooms. Furthermore, it examines the relationship of ...


Investigating High And Low Fifth Grade Urban Readers Through Reading Autobiographies, Jeffrey S. Stanley Apr 2003

Investigating High And Low Fifth Grade Urban Readers Through Reading Autobiographies, Jeffrey S. Stanley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The push for higher standards and increased performance for children in the United States, has led to many different strategies being used to assist teachers in improving their students' scores. The subjects in this study were from five fifth grade classrooms in an urban school district in Western New York. The eighty-four students consisted of fifty-five females and twenty-nine males. The students were given lessons in reading and writing autobiographies for Readers' Workshop. At the end of the week the students were asked to write an autobiography about how they learned to read. The results of the study yielded sixty-four ...


The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith Apr 2003

The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This quantitative research study was conducted to see what effect teaching fifth grade students techniques on how to visualize before they read would have on their comprehension. Twenty fifth-grade students from a heterogeneous elementary class in a suburb of Western New York were part of the study. Each student was given an individual copy of The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe in class. During this five-week period, the students independently read the chapters assigned to them. They then received either a standard lesson and cloze test or a visualization lesson and cloze test directly following each chapter.

The data ...


The Effects Of Visualization Instruction On First Graders' Story Retelling, Tracy Zimmerman Apr 2003

The Effects Of Visualization Instruction On First Graders' Story Retelling, Tracy Zimmerman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effects of visualization instruction on first graders' comprehension as shown in their retelling scores that preceded a running reading record. The premise of this study was based on the need to teach students how to actively engage in comprehending text while reading. Students in this study were taught the importance of visualization as it aids comprehension of text. Students were taught how to visualize stories with no print, stories with no illustrations, and stories with illustrations and print. Journals and story maps were utilized to increase visualization usage and retelling abilities. Students were given pre and ...


The Use Of Software Program Inspiration And Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Students With Disabilities, Dana E. Mallaber May 2002

The Use Of Software Program Inspiration And Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Students With Disabilities, Dana E. Mallaber

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study will use the software program Inspiration to determine if its use will help students with disabilities improve reading comprehension. Twenty two students from two sections of 10th grade English 15:1 special education classes participated in the study. The study consisted of comparing two sets of quiz scores using the same students.

The study consisted of the students reading a short story then creating web maps of the story plot. Following the completion of the web map, the students took a ten question comprehension quiz. This was done for seven sessions. During another seven sessions the students took ...


An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier Apr 2002

An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of commercially produced software. It evaluated the effectiveness of two different treatments and explored the relationship this may have upon increasing students' reading comprehension among fourth grade students. The subjects involved were forty heterogeneously grouped fourth grade students from a rural school setting school. The students were divided into two groups. A total of sixteen stories were read. The first group, Treatment A, utilized the computers, paired with commercially produced software, to complete eight reading passages. The second group, Treatment B, read the same stories but relied on non-computer methods ...


An Investigation Of How Integrating Visual Art Into The Language Arts Curriculum Affects Children's Reading Achievement In A First Grade Classroom, Lisa Zona Apr 2002

An Investigation Of How Integrating Visual Art Into The Language Arts Curriculum Affects Children's Reading Achievement In A First Grade Classroom, Lisa Zona

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to investigate how integrating visual art into the language arts curriculum affected children's reading achievement. The study included 2 classes of first graders. The control group followed the first grade art curriculum, which consists of learning to use different media, learning about the elements of art, and creating art. The experimental group participated in arts activities that reinforced the content of children's literature stories used as part of the language arts program.

The experimental research study was analyzed using quantitative methods. A comparison of the running reading records of both groups for ...


Patterns Of Written Response To Literature Of Average Fifth Grade Readers, Christie Anne Jones May 2000

Patterns Of Written Response To Literature Of Average Fifth Grade Readers, Christie Anne Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of the written responses of average fifth grade readers who have not received instruction in literature response.

The subjects for this study were eight fifth grade students who read at grade level. The subjects attended a suburban public elementary school. The eight subjects read the novel Number the Stars by Lois Lowry each day in class in a variety of different groupings. After reading, the students were asked to individually respond in their response journals. The only prompt the students received from the teacher each day was "Respond in writing ...


A Comparison Of Tenth Grade Students' Higher Level Comprehension Using Three Approaches: Literal Questions, Reader Response In Journals, And Reader Response In Journals With Team Sharing, Nancy Recktenwalt May 2000

A Comparison Of Tenth Grade Students' Higher Level Comprehension Using Three Approaches: Literal Questions, Reader Response In Journals, And Reader Response In Journals With Team Sharing, Nancy Recktenwalt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was an increase in higher level comprehension when responding to a piece of literature using: literal questions, reader response in journals that only the teacher read, or reader response in journals that were then shared in student teams. The participants for this study were 70 tenth graders in three different classes in a high school located in Western New York. The classes were all heterogeneous in that they were inclusion classes with students of differing abilities and backgrounds. There were two teachers in the class; an English teacher and a ...


Partner Reading: A Constructivist Based Approach To Developing Reading Skills In The Elementary Grades, Susan Wierzbowski Nov 1999

Partner Reading: A Constructivist Based Approach To Developing Reading Skills In The Elementary Grades, Susan Wierzbowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether partner reading can elicit a high level of comprehension of text while utilizing a style of learning that is natural for young children. A comparison between the partner reading technique and the traditional basal reading method on student comprehension was studied. Twenty-three second grade students from two classrooms were tested on two story selections. A counterbalance design was applied so that each story was presented in both the traditional teacher centered basal method and the partner reading technique. The questions which followed tested literal, interpretive, critical, and creative thinking. The partner ...


Silent And Oral Reading Comprehension Abilities Of Second Grade Students Completing The Second S.T.E.P. Program, Lockley T. Platt May 1999

Silent And Oral Reading Comprehension Abilities Of Second Grade Students Completing The Second S.T.E.P. Program, Lockley T. Platt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study focused on the silent and oral reading abilities of second grade students completing the Second S.T.E.P. Program. There were approximately seven second-grade students that participated. All 7 of the students are presently attending an elementary school located in western New York.

The research questions concentrated on were:

1. Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean score of the pretest and the mean score of the posttest for unprompted memory, unprepared reading?

2. Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean score of the pretest and the mean score of the posttest for ...


A Study Of The Effect Of A Reading Comprehension Strategy On High School Students With Learning Disabilities, Jennifer Blanchard May 1999

A Study Of The Effect Of A Reading Comprehension Strategy On High School Students With Learning Disabilities, Jennifer Blanchard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a particular text explicit comprehension strategy called, "stop and think." The strategy taught students to pause briefly while reading to note in their own words what has happened so far in the reading before they continue. This technique is intended to help students to self-monitor their own comprehension and to determine if they need to re-read. Students in a control group and an experimental group were used for the study. Both groups consisted often ninth-grade students with learning disabilities enrolled in a suburban high school.

Students in the experimental group were all participants in ...


Is Phonemic Awareness Directly Related To Reading Achievement In Fourth Grade Students?, Fredericka E. Schaefer May 1998

Is Phonemic Awareness Directly Related To Reading Achievement In Fourth Grade Students?, Fredericka E. Schaefer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the relationship between phonemic awareness and reading achievement in fourth grade students. The study involved 26 fourth graders from the same class at a suburban school in western New

York State. The question addressed was: Can phonemic awareness be used as a predictor of reading achievement with fourth grade students? The data were collected using the word recognition and passage comprehension sections of the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test and the Yopp-Singer Test of Phoneme Segmentation. The Pearson product-moment coefficient of correlation was calculated to determine to what extent reading ability and phonemic awareness are related. This ...


The Long Term Effects Of The Reading Intervention Program, An Early Intervention Program Similar To Reading Recovery, Wendy Tarbox Watt May 1998

The Long Term Effects Of The Reading Intervention Program, An Early Intervention Program Similar To Reading Recovery, Wendy Tarbox Watt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

During the 1995-1997 school years, 35 students were identified at Holmes Road School (in Greece, NY) as being in the lowest 20% of their peer group in reading and related skills during first or second grade. These students received 12-16 weeks of individualized, one-on-one, reading instruction in a program similar to Reading Recovery called the Reading Intervention Program (RIP). During this program, students made significant gains. The purpose of this study was to determine if RIP has had a lasting effect on the performance of students who have had the 'treatment" as compared to their peers. Standardized test scores of ...


The Effect Of Two Reading Conditions On Comprehension For Ninth Grade Students, Susan Wilcher Henderson May 1998

The Effect Of Two Reading Conditions On Comprehension For Ninth Grade Students, Susan Wilcher Henderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective way of delivering instruction, as it related to reading, in the classroom. The study compared comprehension scores yielded from oral reading and silent reading from prose found in the world literature anthology used in a ninth grade humanities program.

Thirty-nine urban, ninth grade general education students participated in this study. In order to avoid any bias, one classroom teacher and not the researcher conducted the reading assessment during one class period. Students from four classes were tested within a one week period of time, in morning classes. The oral ...