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Full-Text Articles in Education

Teaching The Strand Of Ccss Slope Through Metacognition In Middle School, High School, And Advanced Placement Mathematics, Sara Snarr Aug 2017

Teaching The Strand Of Ccss Slope Through Metacognition In Middle School, High School, And Advanced Placement Mathematics, Sara Snarr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The strand of slope presents every year from 7th grade through Advanced Placement Calculus. The Common Core Learning Standards require and encourage a thorough understanding of slope and slope-related concepts such as unit rate, parallel and perpendicular lines, and the derivative. Unfortunately, many secondary mathematics teachers struggle to teach students to monitor their process and conceptualize an overall strategy for solving complex and fundamental problems. This thesis examines the role of metacognition-focused instruction on achievement, and offers research-supported teaching methods in the context of slope and unit rate that support metacognition. These methods are then presented in a series of ...


Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak Dec 2015

Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension, influenced by factors such as fluency and vocabulary, is a struggle among K-12 students, but especially middle school students. Since the implementation of the CCSS and a push for more rigorous reading material, the task of ensuring students comprehend complex texts is a challenging one for teachers. Due to the nature of reading comprehension, it’s a skill difficult to assess, leaving teachers unsure when and how to implement it into their already demanding curriculum. But reading comprehension is not a skill that necessarily needs to be taught, it’s one that has to be practiced independently by ...


Classic Literature And Struggling Readers In Middle School Grades Five Through Eight, Susan A. Merriam May 2015

Classic Literature And Struggling Readers In Middle School Grades Five Through Eight, Susan A. Merriam

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Classic literature continues to complicate reading for middle school struggling readers. Although research has been conducted on struggling readers and strategies to help them, the purpose of this study was to examine struggling readers in conjunction with classic literature. Using the methodologies of historical research (Barone, 2011) and content analysis (Stahl & Hartman, 2011), the current study examined why students struggle to read and comprehend classic literature. Results suggest that text structure including organization and use of graphics complicate comprehension. Language features such as conventionality, vocabulary, sentence structure, and meaning complicate reading. The results also suggest that knowledge demands such as ...


Implementing Whole Class Discussions In A Seventh Grade Unit On Ratios, Lauren Cannon Jul 2014

Implementing Whole Class Discussions In A Seventh Grade Unit On Ratios, Lauren Cannon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) (2004) stated that in order to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of mathematics, students must be able to communicate about it. As a teacher-researcher, I have identified several of the reasons that there has been increased emphasis placed on communication in the mathematics classroom. Additionally, I explored the theoretical background of and research based effects of implementation of discussion into the secondary mathematics classroom in order to support my claim that discussion is an effective way to meet NCTM’s requirements while also aiding in implementation of the Common Core State Standards ...


Strategies For Integrating Literacy In Middle School Content-Area Classrooms, Christyna Consagra Aug 2013

Strategies For Integrating Literacy In Middle School Content-Area Classrooms, Christyna Consagra

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Content-area teachers at the middle school level are charged with finding a balance between literacy and content instruction without diluting disciplinary rigor. This literature review addressed an instructional framework, the selection of resources, qualities of an effective teacher and the plethora of research-based strategies used in content-area classrooms. The Reading Apprenticeship Approach is an instructional framework that builds on metacognitive conversations to encourage literacy routines. Diversity of text, both topical and range of difficulty, ties to motivation and is strongly influenced by technology. Adolescent learners are faced with increasingly complex text and must be explicitly taught strategies to comprehend a ...


Correlations In Students’ Reading Behaviors When The Teacher Consciously Focuses On Relationship Building As A Primary Teaching Tool, Jeremy A. Hulbert Jan 2013

Correlations In Students’ Reading Behaviors When The Teacher Consciously Focuses On Relationship Building As A Primary Teaching Tool, Jeremy A. Hulbert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

This qualitative study explores the relationship between a teacher and students in an alternative classroom setting and how this relationship affected students reading behaviors. As the researcher, the teacher used multiple forms of data including a survey, teacher observations, students’ reading journals, and individual weekly conferences with students to determine how students viewed their relationship with their teacher and how this relationship affected students reading abilities. The researcher posed an overarching question of: What correlations can be observed in students’ reading behaviors within my alternative classroom when the teacher consciously focuses on relationship building as a primary teaching tool ...


Pairing And Comparing In The Middle School Mathematics Classroom, Elizabeth A. Clark Oct 2012

Pairing And Comparing In The Middle School Mathematics Classroom, Elizabeth A. Clark

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the effects of cooperative learning in the middle school mathematics classroom. This action research project seeks to answer the question of does cooperative learning improve academic performance of middle school mathematics students. The study took place in two parallel middle school mathematics classrooms in a district of New York’s Southern Tier. There was an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group participated in a pair and compare teaching strategy following daily independent practice of the day’s lesson, as well as an open ended group task. The control group did not ...


Females In Mathematics: Creating An Environment That Aims To Lessen Anxiety And Promote Participation, Susan Rose Smalter May 2011

Females In Mathematics: Creating An Environment That Aims To Lessen Anxiety And Promote Participation, Susan Rose Smalter

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Self-worth theory of achievement motivation asserts that in a situation where poor performance is expected to show shortcomings in aptitude, students will withdraw in order to avoid the possibility of damaging their self-worth. It is in these settings where female students’ self-perception impacts their ability to participate and learn. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that we create classrooms, particularly within the mathematics and science arenas, where female students do not feel inferior to their male counterparts nor feel uncomfortable expressing their ideas – a place where they can respond and learn without consequence or damage to self-esteem. Quite simply, the ...


Developing Strategies For Regaining Focus Based On Student Needs, Barbara Anna Gardner Messmer Jun 2009

Developing Strategies For Regaining Focus Based On Student Needs, Barbara Anna Gardner Messmer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explores the connection between visual cues and a students' ability to maintain focus in the classroom. Specifically, it focuses on whether a teacher moving around a classroom can offer visual cues for students exhibiting off-task behavior. Two seventh grade boys, an eighth grade girl, and their parents agreed to participate in the study. The students and their parents answered a pre-investigation questionnaire and a post­ investigation questionnaire in order to determine whether any changes occurred due to the intervention provided. Intervention took place in the classroom where the researcher provided a visual cue when the student appeared off-task ...


Native Americans Past And Present, Tiffany Ann Diduro Aug 2008

Native Americans Past And Present, Tiffany Ann Diduro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For many years, the minority group of Native Americans and their changing role in our society throughout national history has been overlooked in Social Studies classrooms. This thesis project examines Native American history in the United States-its revisionist aspects as well as exemption from many instructional sources. Through an historical lens, the literature research examines the current information available to teachers and students with regard to Native Americans as they are positioned throughout the United States national timeline. Taking into consideration the roles of Native Americans in the Revolutionary War and early American period through present day, the discussion encompasses ...


A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon Aug 2008

A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project addresses math anxiety from both the student’s and the educator’s perspective. It explores topics on math anxiety that include racial and gender differences, evaluating pre-service teachers, and the potential causes and solutions for this all too common challenge. The study was conducted via questionnaire with ten teachers ranging from elementary grade through high school. The teachers responded to a 12 question survey that covered their own potential math anxiety, the anxiety, if any, observed in their classrooms, and questions that asked about teaching strategies they have employed to correct or avoid math anxiety in their ...


Making Percents Make Sense, Melissa Leigh Abbott Aug 2008

Making Percents Make Sense, Melissa Leigh Abbott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Since our culture relies upon technology, calculators, cash registers, and other devices, to complete math calculations, the conceptual idea of figuring out percentages has been devalued. In a sense, technology has allowed our culture to disengage common mathematical knowledge without any major concerns. The usefulness of mathematics skills is often questioned by students who believe they only need basic math procedures such as simple addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in their daily lives. Educators bear the added challenge of not only teaching these concepts and their significance in daily application but in assisting students to understand the importance of doing ...


Technology : The Positive And Negative Effects On Student Achievement, Jennifer Lyn Flanagan Aug 2008

Technology : The Positive And Negative Effects On Student Achievement, Jennifer Lyn Flanagan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Technology is the technical means people use to improve their surroundings. People use technology to improve their ability to do work. Classrooms around the world have implemented many forms of technology to enhance student interest and achievement. One form of technology that is common to math classrooms is the graphing calculator. One eighth grade math class of nineteen students from an urban middle school was taught a unit on Solving Systems of Equations by Graphing. The unit was implemented with and without the use of the graphing calculator. Students were first introduced to the unit through the use of pencils ...


Reading Comprehension Achievement And Peer Vs. Teacher-Directed Tutoring, Patrick James Pastore Aug 2008

Reading Comprehension Achievement And Peer Vs. Teacher-Directed Tutoring, Patrick James Pastore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy is an important life skill which must be mastered in order to actively participate in today’s society. The ability to read is arguably the most important aspect of literacy skills and as such it transcends subject areas. In consequence of this, literacy has become a major focal point of today's educational system. In classrooms throughout America, tutoring is implemented as a form of supplemental instruction. This is done under the assumption that tutoring truly is an effective means of increasing student achievement in the core curricular areas. As current research suggests that tutoring is an effective means ...


Teacher Collaboration: The Key To Student Success?, Jennifer L. Roe Aug 2007

Teacher Collaboration: The Key To Student Success?, Jennifer L. Roe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Co-teaching is one of the main characteristics of educational collaboration and while co-teaching may be one of the most popular forms of collaboration within a school, it is just one of many ways to collaborate as teachers to improve student success in the classroom.

This thesis project discusses the various types of collaboration - professional development, reflection, communication, common vision, mentoring, co-teaching, common planning time, and resources. It also explores the impact of staff collaboration within a school to show how it can impact student success. Student success was measured through comparison of students who have been exposed (knowingly or unknowingly ...


Decreasing Homework Excuses And Increasing Homework Hand-Ins, Stacy Leigh Belden Aug 2007

Decreasing Homework Excuses And Increasing Homework Hand-Ins, Stacy Leigh Belden

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As expectations have increased for student performance on state and federally mandated examinations, teachers have experienced increased pressure to teach students a substantial amount of material in a short amount of time. Teachers assign homework in an effort to teach the required material effectively and efficiently, but this effort is thwarted as students often return with unfinished work. This thesis project charts the discussion around homework since its inception and explores not only the reasons that teachers assign homework but the reasons students fail to complete it. The author conducted her research on her own class of sixth grade students ...


The Effect Teaching Methods Have On The Learning Of New Vocabulary For 7th Grade Students, Jennifer J. Young Aug 2006

The Effect Teaching Methods Have On The Learning Of New Vocabulary For 7th Grade Students, Jennifer J. Young

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to help the author meet the instructional needs of 7th grade students in a Life Science classroom. The author used two different vocabulary instruction styles and collected data on 25 students. The first style of instruction had students complete a worksheet using the vocabulary words and then a quiz was given. The second style of instruction had the students defining the vocabulary in their own words, drawing a picture to illustrate the words, and using an antonym & synonym activity. Data was collect on student worksheets and quizzes. The results were compiled and analyzed for trends in ...


How To Help English As A Second Language Students Increase Understanding Of Earth Science Core Content Knowledge And Science Literacy With The Use Of After School Vocabulary Review Sessions, Sean Metz Apr 2006

How To Help English As A Second Language Students Increase Understanding Of Earth Science Core Content Knowledge And Science Literacy With The Use Of After School Vocabulary Review Sessions, Sean Metz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the population of English as a second language (ESL) student entering our school systems increasing, and the importance for all students to have a mastery of science concepts, there needs to be a solution to help these ESL students that struggle with science. My students are all in ninth grade taking earth science and struggling with the content of the Regents course. After a conversation with each of the seven ESL students I decided to begin after school vocabulary intervention review sessions. For the second half of the year the students would meet one day each week and review ...


Wait Time- Is True Science Understanding Worth The Wait?, Kathleen E. Kennedy May 2004

Wait Time- Is True Science Understanding Worth The Wait?, Kathleen E. Kennedy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science can be defined as a way of knowing about the natural world. From the time they are born, humans have a natural curiosity about everything they observe. Teachers need to foster this desire in their students as well as provide them with a vehicle in which they can discover the natural world. For this reason, teachers should help students develop an understanding of the definition of inquiry as well as the skills necessary to use inquiry in the science classroom. One tool that can be used is Wait-time. Wait-time can be defined as the periods of silence that follow ...


Case Study: An Examination Of The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And Repeated Reading On A Severely Disabled Middle School Reader, Alice A. Abrams Apr 2001

Case Study: An Examination Of The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And Repeated Reading On A Severely Disabled Middle School Reader, Alice A. Abrams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of the Neurological Impress Method, combined with the Method of Repeated Readings, on a severely impaired middle school reader. These methods were chosen due to the instructor's needs to find techniques which might help students who have reached the upper grades as unsuccessful readers, and are therefore more resistant to instruction due to prolonged failure.

The Neurological Impress Method was chosen as the primary technique to be used in the study because of the ability to give the student the feeling of success almost immediately. It seemed to be ...


Administrators' Perceptions Of Middle School In Two Rural Districts: A Companion To The Taurisano Study, Karen M. Crowe May 1998

Administrators' Perceptions Of Middle School In Two Rural Districts: A Companion To The Taurisano Study, Karen M. Crowe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to identify administrators' perceptions of the current practices in their middle school as compared to what they believe a middle school should be doing. The findings of this study were also compared to the Taurisano study, which focuses on teachers' perceptions of the middle school concept.

The subjects involved were 11 administrators from two rural school districts in Western New York. One of the school districts have 28 -middle level teachers, 321 middle level students, and 3 administrators. The other school district involved consists of 42 middle level teachers, 500 middle level students, and ...


Non-Traditional Middle School Programs In The Rochester Area, Juliet L. Bolton May 1997

Non-Traditional Middle School Programs In The Rochester Area, Juliet L. Bolton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to develop the characteristics of the non-traditional middle school programs in the Rochester area. Three programs were investigated, then compared to the literature for similarities. The programs were also compared to each other for similarities and differences.

Student, parent, teacher, and administrator surveys were conducted at all three programs. A considerable amount of data was collected. Students were asked: why were they in the program, what and how did they learn, their favorite way of learning and what would they like to learn more about. Parents were asked: why is your child in the ...


Who's A Good Teacher?: Third, Fifth, And Seventh Graders Speak Out, Mary Anne Coppola Dec 1990

Who's A Good Teacher?: Third, Fifth, And Seventh Graders Speak Out, Mary Anne Coppola

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Included in any discussion of quality education there has usually existed a universal agreement as to the importance of good teaching. It has been impossible to ignore the teacher's powerful ability to create achievers or failures out of his/her students. However, as adults attempted to define the characteristics of the "good teacher'', they rarely invited students to offer their input, even though those students possessed first-hand knowledge of intimate classroom dynamics.

This study, therefore, was an effort to tap this valuable resource by interviewing 117 third, fifth, and seventh graders and asking them the following quest ions: “Think ...