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Full-Text Articles in Education

Reducing Stress Through Morning Meetings, Denell Jodine Knaub Dec 2007

Reducing Stress Through Morning Meetings, Denell Jodine Knaub

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Stress in the lives of urban students, caused by multiple factors, specifically from violence and bullying, can affect their ability to do well both academically and socially. Student observation notes that the majority of students lack the coping mechanisms needed to deal with this stress in healthy and productive ways. This thesis project examines some of the causes of urban childhood stress and how educators can help their students reduce that stress and develop appropriate coping strategies for dealing with situations students may encounter daily at school. As part of this action research project, the use of daily morning meetings ...


How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler Dec 2007

How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much of the information students are required to learn in school consists of isolated facts and discrete bits of specific information and involves a process that incorporates both comprehension and memorization. Students need to learn strategies that work within their style of learning, and then apply them, to create and reinforce the links to acquired information. The concept of mnemonic devices as an aid in learning and recalling information is the focus of this research project, not as a teaching strategy but as an enhancement for students to create long-term memory associations. Mnemonic devices include rhyming, key words, peg words ...


Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau Dec 2007

Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Writing is a multiple step process that requires the integration of pre-writing, drafting, revising, and editing that later culminates in a written piece. Writing, for the Limited English Proficient student, can be a demanding task. They must balance their native language skills with English literacy and competencies in knowledge and content areas. The task is complicated by the fact that each content area has its own set of terminology/vocabulary, writing conventions, and critical thinking skills. Additionally, many refugee students fall under this category and have significant gaps in their educational backgrounds, lack knowledge in specific subject areas, and often ...


Math Anxiety Interventions, Mary Jane Klips Dec 2007

Math Anxiety Interventions, Mary Jane Klips

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Understanding and mastering mathematics is necessary for students to graduate from high school, pursue higher education, and is also critical in securing and retaining employment in the field of their choice. Driven by personal experience, difficulty with material, past performance, teacher behaviors and expectations, and language barriers, among several other noted causes, math anxiety affects more and more students each year. This thesis project examines current research and interventions in order to lessen or remove math anxiety, support academic success, and rebuild student confidence in an effort to assist learners in achieving mastery in mathematics. The study group was comprised ...


Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush Sep 2007

Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research shows the effectiveness of Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) at identifying students in need of reading intervention compared to two other reading assessments, the Observation survey (OS) and Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA). The percent of time DIBELS agreed or disagreed with OS or DRA was used to determine the effectiveness. DIBELS was found to agree with the OS and DRA for the majority of the data. This shows that the school does not need to waste time and money on an assessment that is not needed. There were a few participants in which DIBELS determined ...


How Is Comprehension Affected When Reading Aloud Versus Reading Silently?, Justine Marie Fancher Aug 2007

How Is Comprehension Affected When Reading Aloud Versus Reading Silently?, Justine Marie Fancher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research project was to examine how students comprehend reading best. There are advocates for both reading aloud and reading silently, therefore this project was purposeful to find out which seems to be the most effective for comprehension alone. The objective of this project was to determine if reading silently or reading aloud is more beneficial in terms of aiding comprehension. Comprehension is a vital component to reading. It is the underlying goal in all areas of reading development. This study helped to determine how comprehension is gained more effectively. My goal for my research was to ...


What Is The Relationship Between Strategies Emergent Readers, Gina M. D 'Onofrio Aug 2007

What Is The Relationship Between Strategies Emergent Readers, Gina M. D 'Onofrio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The research done in this study is looking at emergent readers' metacognitive awareness of reading strategies. This study was largely influenced by Catherine Compton-Lilly's study, "Sounding out": A pervasive cultural model of reading. This study brought to my attention that emergent readers tend to say that they just sound out words when the word is unknown. However, emergent readers are implementing a variety of strategies when reading. The students involved in the research all received extra reading support outside of their regular classroom. The research was conducted in the small reading groups that took place during their extra reading ...


Incorporating Vocabulary Into Math To Support Student Comprehension, Kasey Gharet Aug 2007

Incorporating Vocabulary Into Math To Support Student Comprehension, Kasey Gharet

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to find out if incorporating vocabulary into math improved student comprehension of mathematical concepts. The researcher used several instructional strategies to incorporate vocabulary directly into the math curriculum in an urban school. Data was collected from a focus group as well as the whole class. Observation checklists and math manipulative bags were used to collect data from the focus group. A vocabulary pre and post-test, weekly math quizzes, and a math pre and post-test were used to collect data from the whole group. The results of this research support that the incorporation of math ...


Enhancing Self-Image And Reducing Risky Behaviors, Ryanne Rene Fullerton Aug 2007

Enhancing Self-Image And Reducing Risky Behaviors, Ryanne Rene Fullerton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Adolescence, a precarious and challenging time for American youth, is also a time that affects them on a physical, social, cognitive, and emotional level. Expectations connected to and regarding self-image, relationships, and other social and emotional factors combine to effect choices that may lead to risky behaviors and lowered academic success, especially for female adolescents. This research project examines the link between a positive self-image, academic success, and avoidance of risky behavioral trends in pre-adolescent females. Study of the literature regarding self-image and the teen years concludes that the pressures and anxiety of these years can have a detrimental effect ...


The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton Aug 2007

The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Growing expectations surround early elementary skills regarding reading for meaning and writing – namely phonemic awareness and its impact on developing readers and writers. One of the purposes of this thesis project was discovering and understanding the relationship between phonemic awareness and the development of reading skills in early elementary students. In addition, an investigation into the effect of direct instruction in phonological awareness on struggling readers and writers was undertaken. The literature review explores phonemic awareness methods and practices including – whole language, basal, phonics, reading for meaning, small group vs. whole class instruction, and intervention strategies for at-risk students.

A ...


What Happens When Struggling Readers And Writers Produce And Read Their Own Scripted Stories?, Sara Aileen Speer Aug 2007

What Happens When Struggling Readers And Writers Produce And Read Their Own Scripted Stories?, Sara Aileen Speer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study is an attempt to determine what happens when struggling readers and writers produce and read their own scripted stories. The purpose of the study was to take a successful method of supporting struggling readers; reader's theater, and integrate student created scripts to see if reader's theater could be used to support struggling writers as well. This study was conducted with eight second grade students struggling with both reading and writing. Research took place over three sessions where the reader's theater process was implemented each time. The first session was done in original reader's ...


How Do Student's Verbalizations Of The Spelling Strategies That They Use Compare To The Spelling Strategies That They Actually Use?, Katherine L. Merica Aug 2007

How Do Student's Verbalizations Of The Spelling Strategies That They Use Compare To The Spelling Strategies That They Actually Use?, Katherine L. Merica

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate students' verbalization of the spelling strategies that they use in comparison to the strategies that they are actually using when spelling an unknown word.

Four first grade students (two male and two female) and their female teacher were the participants in this study. The cognitive awareness of the strategies that they are using was measured using an informal interview given to the students before collection of the data through observation. After observing the students the classroom teacher was also interviewed in order to gain a more broad understanding of the strategies that ...


How Does Teacher Modeling Of Fluent Reading Strategies Impact Students' Fluency?, Heather Marie Moriarty Aug 2007

How Does Teacher Modeling Of Fluent Reading Strategies Impact Students' Fluency?, Heather Marie Moriarty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover how teacher modeling of fluent reading strategies impacted students' fluency. This research was conducted because in my class in which I am interning I noticed that students were excelling in oral reading when specific strategies were modeled first. I used the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) as well as observational notes to determine whether or not modeling is an effective teaching strategy.

Five third grade students, three males and two females, provided usable data for this study. Students were assessed prior to data collection using the DRA. The DRA was used to determine ...


Parental Involvement With Homework And Third Grade Student Achievement, Staci Lynn Masseth Aug 2007

Parental Involvement With Homework And Third Grade Student Achievement, Staci Lynn Masseth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers have been assigning homework since the first days of organized education. Homework builds responsibility and encourages practice and review of rudimentary and complex concepts and knowledge. As a means to understand and study possible improvements to student achievement, this thesis project explores the correlation between student achievement in mathematics and parental involvement in student homework and education; further the study seeks to identify successful strategies to improve grades, learning motivation and parental involvement. The research was conducted in a suburban district in Western New York State with a group of twenty third-grade students. (This study mostly targeted students who ...


What Happens When Students Are Taught To Self-Assess Their Written Responses To Literature?, Jennifer Beth Goodwin Aug 2007

What Happens When Students Are Taught To Self-Assess Their Written Responses To Literature?, Jennifer Beth Goodwin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine what the effects were of students learning how to self-assess their own writing, specifically their written responses to literature. I determined what the effects were by assessing students' writing prior to and following discussion about self-assessment. The goal of this study was to find out if learning how to self-assess writing affects the quality of the writing.

I conducted my research on two small groups from a suburban elementary school in upstate New York. The participants consisted of three fourth grade students and four sixth grade students. The students were pulled out ...


Improving Reading Fluency: Using Readers' Theatre And The Fluency Development Workshop, Jennifer Marie Cassano Aug 2007

Improving Reading Fluency: Using Readers' Theatre And The Fluency Development Workshop, Jennifer Marie Cassano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading development, more specifically fluency instruction, along with the implications that it has on a student’s future, has always been an important aspect of language acquisition. Until recently, explicit fluency instruction has often been overlooked as classroom reading lessons focus on decoding and reading comprehension. A lack of reading fluency tends to be a predictor of other reading problems that emerge later. This thesis project explores the components and impact of a fluency-based intervention for students at-risk for reading difficulties and those with special needs, utilizing Readers' Theatre scripts and the Fluency Development Workshop, to aid in increased student ...


How Do Students' Perceptions Of Their Own Fluent Reading Change After Receiving Direct Fluency Instruction?, Lisa Fay Pickard Jul 2007

How Do Students' Perceptions Of Their Own Fluent Reading Change After Receiving Direct Fluency Instruction?, Lisa Fay Pickard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my research is to see how students' perceptions of their fluency changes before and after direct fluency instruction. 4 male elementary students and 1 female elementary student provided the data for this study. The purpose of this study is to see how students thinking about their fluent reading changes after they participate in Reader's Theater. The researcher had the students read a book and their reading was tape recorded and then the students listened to their reading. They then filled out a self assessment after reading the text. The teacher filled out the same assessment on ...


The Impact Of Assertive Classroom Discipline On Social Skills, Kimkena Obey-Jordan Jul 2007

The Impact Of Assertive Classroom Discipline On Social Skills, Kimkena Obey-Jordan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the impact of Assertive Classroom Discipline on student social skills. The researcher focused on a general education fourth grade classroom that consisted of 16 students in an urban school district. Student self-perceptions and records of student behavior served as the primary data of the research study. The data was collected using a pre and post survey, cumulative student records and teacher observation. Findings indicated that the research showed validity when student perceptions from pre and post surveys were compared with records of student behavior.

Findings indicated that 69% of the class improved their social behavior, 19% of ...


Improving Letter And Word Recognition Using A Multisensory Approach, Carolyn G. Dalecki May 2007

Improving Letter And Word Recognition Using A Multisensory Approach, Carolyn G. Dalecki

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The effects of multisensory instruction upon the letter and sight word recognition and reading of five and six year old students were investigated during this study. A total of ten kindergarten and first grade students, identified as in need of extra reading support, were assigned to control and experimental groups. Five students were assigned to each group. Students in the control group learned and practiced identifying letters and reading sight words using their visual and auditory modalities. Students in the experimental group used their. visual, auditory, kinesthetic and tactile modalities to identify and read letters and sight words. Students were ...


Using Music To Improve Learning In Mathematics, Marie Duplessy Civil May 2007

Using Music To Improve Learning In Mathematics, Marie Duplessy Civil

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s economic constraints mean tighter budgets and lowered staffing which in turn causes school districts to make difficult choices pertaining to arts programs. Utilizing music in an academic core curriculum has been argued as not only an opportunity that allows arts integration in the classroom but has revealed a direct correlation to increased student interest and academic success. The purpose of this study explores whether music can be used in a first-grade classroom to help students understand, enjoy, remember and apply certain mathematical concepts. The literature review section of this project examines research studies conducted in classrooms that highlight ...


Study Regarding The Effects Of Brain Gym On Student Learning, Karen L. Gibbs May 2007

Study Regarding The Effects Of Brain Gym On Student Learning, Karen L. Gibbs

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Current research acknowledges and continues to investigate how the brain functions and communicates with itself and the body. The focus of this thesis project is the intersection of brain function and physical movement, and with that in mind, it explores the question, how does the Brain Gym program impact student attention, motivation, and achievement? The literature section looks at the current discussion of brain function and physical movement as well as the Brain Gym program and relevant results of educators and researchers regarding its use. The active research section of the project examines the possible benefits of physical movement on ...


Team Building Activities, Kesha James May 2007

Team Building Activities, Kesha James

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study sought to determine the potential impact of team building activities on anti-social behaviors in an urban fifth grade classroom. Team building activities are a pleasurable way to engage students in meaningful learning that has benefits on social, emotional, and academic development. The research was conducted in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The entire class participated in the team building activities. However, five students were selected for observational data collection. Various research tools were utilized to collect and analyze data such as: observation checklists, surveys, interviews, student response sheets, and a researcher's journal. Data illustrated ...


The Effects Of Using Storytelling On Reading Comprehension Through Drama And Theater, Marie Milord Apr 2007

The Effects Of Using Storytelling On Reading Comprehension Through Drama And Theater, Marie Milord

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper was written to determine the effect that storytelling, drama and theater have on reading comprehension . Past research has shown that integrating the arts in the core subjects results in higher academic achievements with students (Dickinson et al., 1997). Further research has shown that incorporating drama and theater in the curriculum help children to construct meaning in a real way (Furman, 2000). Storytelling in the classroom is also a way to get students actively involved in their learning. In this paper a four week curriculum was set up to determine if incorporating storytelling, drama and theater during the students ...


Constructivism In A Primary Math Setting, Sarah Connors Apr 2007

Constructivism In A Primary Math Setting, Sarah Connors

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Children learn by exploring and discovering. Constructivism, while not a teaching practice, is considered a theory about learning and knowledge that finds its roots in part from Piaget’s developmental stages theory and Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development concept. This qualitative research project explores what happens when constructivist principles form the basis for mathematics instruction in a primary classroom. Additional questions that were considered included: How do first grade math journals guide students to deeper understandings of math concepts? What teaching strategies are useful in scaffolding students' meaning-making as they use math journals? In what ways might teaching practices ...