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Full-Text Articles in Education

Autonomy, Education, Virtue, Seamus Clarkin Dec 2018

Autonomy, Education, Virtue, Seamus Clarkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The ways in which educators have tried to implement autonomy support have typically been constrained by their pedagogical interests and demands from above for certain threshold levels of performance. In our current educational system, this treats autonomy as a means to the end of measurement-based outcomes. The research on autonomy such as self-determination theory (SDT) often acknowledges the significance as a matter of background, but the actual ways teachers bring it into class is typically much more superficial than what might be possible with authentic cognitive autonomy support. Further, the innate status of the three needs put forth by SDT ...


The Inclusion Of Media Literacy In The English Curriculum, Nicole Manioci Aug 2018

The Inclusion Of Media Literacy In The English Curriculum, Nicole Manioci

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today, the digital world is ever changing. Teenagers all over the world are hypnotized by their tech-savvy devices. Their free time is spent on their smartwatches, cell phones, computers, or in front of their televisions and video games. When they arrive at school, they are expected to have the devices stored away and not have contact at all during the time they are at school. These students have lost their desire and passion for learning. The students need to have new and engaging ways to learn in the classroom, especially in English. Students have become disinterested in the teacher’s ...


A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia Dec 2017

A Global Mind Is A Nurtured Mind: The Demand To Consider And Cure The Deprivation Of Multicultural Education, Amber D'Ambrosia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The leaders of tomorrow are the bright and knowledgeable students of today. The problem with how these students are being prepared for their role as future leaders stems from the lack of diversity in literature, and the overall lack of multicultural education in American public schools. The dominant narratives being published, circulated, and studied in schools do not appropriately reflect, nor appropriately engage the multifaceted population of students accessing the discourse. The United States must no longer be notorious for its belief in its own cultural and historical superiority, but instead should begin making strides toward evolving the educational experiences ...


Using Inquiry To Teach The Common Core State Standards: Two Exemplars, Rachel Bardun Dec 2017

Using Inquiry To Teach The Common Core State Standards: Two Exemplars, Rachel Bardun

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project offers two inquiry-based lessons for secondary mathematics teachers. One lesson is a culminating scavenger hunt for systems of linear equations. This lesson incorporates five principles of instruction and four levels of inquiry: confirmation inquiry, structured inquiry, guided inquiry, and open inquiry. The second lesson is an interdisciplinary lesson that involves students modeling bacteria growth with mathematical equations (regressions). This lesson integrates five essential strategies of implementing the Common Core State Standards through inquiry. The author classifies this lesson as a guided inquiry activity. Both lessons are aligned to the Algebra I Common Core State Standards (CCSS), but ...


Decreasing Math Anxiety Through Teaching Quadratic Equations, Kaitlyn Kaufman Aug 2017

Decreasing Math Anxiety Through Teaching Quadratic Equations, Kaitlyn Kaufman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Math anxiety is known as having a feeling of fear that interferes with math performance. Many students today suffer from math anxiety as they push through each developmental stage in their schooling. A majority of students develop math anxiety through traditional classroom methods, such as drill and practice, assessments, memorizing, and textbooks. According to research, teachers can help decrease math anxiety in students by incorporating specific teaching styles, methods, and strategies, related to decrease math anxiety, into lessons. These teaching styles, methods, and strategies include, but not limited to, constructivist teaching, concrete-to-representation-to-abstract model, student-centered learning, and interactive lessons. Based on ...


Teaching The Strand Of Ccss Slope Through Metacognition In Middle School, High School, And Advanced Placement Mathematics, Sara Snarr Aug 2017

Teaching The Strand Of Ccss Slope Through Metacognition In Middle School, High School, And Advanced Placement Mathematics, Sara Snarr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The strand of slope presents every year from 7th grade through Advanced Placement Calculus. The Common Core Learning Standards require and encourage a thorough understanding of slope and slope-related concepts such as unit rate, parallel and perpendicular lines, and the derivative. Unfortunately, many secondary mathematics teachers struggle to teach students to monitor their process and conceptualize an overall strategy for solving complex and fundamental problems. This thesis examines the role of metacognition-focused instruction on achievement, and offers research-supported teaching methods in the context of slope and unit rate that support metacognition. These methods are then presented in a series of ...


A Study Of The Performance Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Students In High School Mathematics On Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Fluency, And Mathematical Reasoning Tasks, Bridget Ashmore Jun 2017

A Study Of The Performance Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Students In High School Mathematics On Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Fluency, And Mathematical Reasoning Tasks, Bridget Ashmore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematics tends to be a subject where many students struggle and that struggle becomes especially prevalent as students make the transition from concrete mathematics to abstract mathematics, or from elementary or middle school to high school mathematics. With students that are deaf, the learning of mathematics becomes more complicated. Many barriers to learning present themselves as deaf students work their way through school and as they go through school, the performance gap between hearing and deaf students begins to grow. This thesis discusses the language barrier as one possible contributor as well as other factors like teacher preparedness and pedagogical ...


Gaining Perspective: Social Media’S Impact On Adolescent Literacy Development, Kayla Swan May 2017

Gaining Perspective: Social Media’S Impact On Adolescent Literacy Development, Kayla Swan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores both teacher and student perspectives of social media’s impact on adolescent literacy development. In addition, it also investigates perspectives concerning if and how social media could be integrated into a classroom to improve student literacy skills. Research remains in dispute regarding the impact of social media use on literacy skills, as there are studies that claim social media both positively and negatively impacts students’ skills. Surveys of both teachers and students as well as semi-structured interviews of students were given and analyzed to gain insight concerning both the impact of social media on literacy skills ...


The Question Of Digital Game Based Learning: An Investigation Into The Potential Promises And Perils Of Education's Golden Goose, Molly E. O'Riley Dec 2016

The Question Of Digital Game Based Learning: An Investigation Into The Potential Promises And Perils Of Education's Golden Goose, Molly E. O'Riley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper seeks to explore the recent research around digital game based learning (DGBL) and the K-12 classroom. Through an analytical review of the literature, this paper explores relationships between extant professional literature and empirical research, as well as examining common themes found through the exploration. There seems to be a dearth between the anecdotal literature advocating the use of DGBL in the classroom and empirical research to support its actual effect. This study looks at four different research articles written between 2010 and 2015 in order to find out if there is empirical evidence that supports the use of ...


Graphic Novels As Tools For A Modern English Classroom, Erin St. James Oct 2016

Graphic Novels As Tools For A Modern English Classroom, Erin St. James

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

English teachers today often face the difficult job of providing engaging lessons to a highly diverse group of students. Teachers must teach English as a New Language students, struggling readers, and even advanced readers, sometimes in the same classroom. One way to achieve this goal is to use graphic novels in the classroom. This project reviews available literature to determine what sort of success graphic novels have seen in the classroom, why graphic novels are not used more frequently in the classroom, and how graphic novels might be best utilized in the secondary English classroom. Following the literature review is ...


Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner Oct 2016

Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using Cognitive Load Theory as a tool to help teachers differentiate in a Chemistry classroom can benefit both teacher and student. Using this theory, teachers can evaluate their lessons and activities and gauge how challenging they will be for their students, which invites teachers to adapt their methods based on their students’ skills. Students’ capabilities can be measured using the idea of cognitive efficiency. If they complete a task quickly and with a low amount of effort, versus a peer who completes the same task over a long time, applying a great deal of effort with little result, the first ...


Parent Involvement In An Urban Head Start Classroom, Stephanie Whitmire May 2016

Parent Involvement In An Urban Head Start Classroom, Stephanie Whitmire

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to investigate how to build a stronger connection between home and school literacy in preschool. To do this, I interviewed parents of my students to talk about the types of activities they do at home with their child. I also wanted to find out what barriers or challenges they face in being involved with their child’s education, and how I can help support them to help overcome the challenges. In doing this, I hope to create a stronger relationship with the families, and learn more about their funds of knowledge in order to ...


A Curriculum Study About Trigonometric Applications Aligned With The Common Core State Standards, Timothy F. Wilson May 2016

A Curriculum Study About Trigonometric Applications Aligned With The Common Core State Standards, Timothy F. Wilson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project illustrates a process of designing curriculum for the study of trigonometry, particularly applications of trigonometry involving the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines in precalculus. Many of these topics were previously taught in Algebra II and Trigonometry under NCTM standards. This curriculum is scaffolded to give access to precalculus learners that are below grade level, while maintaining the level of rigor and reasoning requisite for success in a Calculus course. Thus, the curriculum is particularly suited for learners in traditionally underperforming urban districts.


Why Common Core? Educational Standards, The Legislative Process, And Best Practices, With A Unit Design Aligned To The Common Core State Standards, By A Teacher, For Teachers, Daniel Boyd May 2016

Why Common Core? Educational Standards, The Legislative Process, And Best Practices, With A Unit Design Aligned To The Common Core State Standards, By A Teacher, For Teachers, Daniel Boyd

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project was created with two major focuses. The first is to provide insight on educational standards. This includes national versus state standards, international assessments and the implications, and the adoption of the Common Core State Standards. Second, this project shares best practices for implementing the Common Core State Standards, and includes a unit design in surface area and volume in 7th grade mathematics, which is aligned to those standards.


Going Beyond The Literal, Lindsay M. Falzano May 2016

Going Beyond The Literal, Lindsay M. Falzano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

The present study aims to examine strategies that enable students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to be successful in accessing grade-level curriculum, particularly in English Language Arts (ELA). The purpose of this study is to find strategies that help students with autism to go beyond literal comprehension, assisting these students to successfully go beyond literal comprehension of texts. Data for the present study were collected through a series of observations documented by the teacher-researcher and writing samples completed by the participant. Data excerpts were used to share findings. Results of this study helped the participant to access grade-level curriculum ...


A Magnified View: The Impact Of Arts Integration In The Ela And Social Studies Classroom, Alyson M. Tardy May 2016

A Magnified View: The Impact Of Arts Integration In The Ela And Social Studies Classroom, Alyson M. Tardy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative research study explores the impact of arts integration in the ELA and social studies classroom. Through interdisciplinary lessons that weave music, theater, visual art, and movement with ELA and social studies content; this research explores the result of arts integration in the classroom. The fourth grade student participants in this study have contributed their ideas, understanding and reflections of the interdisciplinary ELA and social studies lessons through a collection of work samples, surveys, and interviews. Although the New York State Common Core State Standards have created a shift in content priorities and objectives for teachers, this study examines ...


Higher Levels Of Differentiation In Reading Instruction: A Potential Framework, Maria Behncke May 2015

Higher Levels Of Differentiation In Reading Instruction: A Potential Framework, Maria Behncke

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The current model of Reader’s Workshop does not meet the needs of all learners, it groups children into small groups based on general “reading levels”. An individualized data-driven format for reading instruction will target each student’s needs. Using a general education third grade setting, this study examined the impact of this flexible, individualized approach to reading instruction on five third grade students. Participants were students who struggled with reading but did not qualify for academic intervention services. The students were given baseline assessments and provided targeted instruction to target their specific areas of need, then the same battery ...


Differentiated Math Instruction: Instruction That Incorporates The Common Core State Standards And Effectively Addresses The Needs Of Sixth Grade Students. A Self-Study., Nicole A. Cubiotti May 2015

Differentiated Math Instruction: Instruction That Incorporates The Common Core State Standards And Effectively Addresses The Needs Of Sixth Grade Students. A Self-Study., Nicole A. Cubiotti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

My capstone was a self-study conducted in a sixth grade 15:1 classroom. The purpose of my research was to determine how to incorporate the Common Core State Standards for math and effectively meet the needs of sixth grade students with different levels of abilities. Different strategies and interventions were used in the classroom during one hour class period and then were reflected into a journal to document the experience.


The Effectiveness Of A Special Education Teacher On Meeting The Needs Of Students With Disabilities And Meeting The Common Core State Standards: A Self-Study, Christina A. Sullivan Apr 2015

The Effectiveness Of A Special Education Teacher On Meeting The Needs Of Students With Disabilities And Meeting The Common Core State Standards: A Self-Study, Christina A. Sullivan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to assess my own teaching while planning effectively according the Common Core State Standards and meeting the needs of students with disabilities. This self-study included data collection of lesson plans and reflections, formal observations, and professional development. The self-study was designed to answer three specific questions: whether the lessons were meeting the appropriate grade level Common Core State Standards, were the students with disabilities needs being met, and, lastly, monitoring instructional practices to continue to develop into a more effective teacher. There were no participants in this self-study other than myself to monitor my ...


A Curriculum Project On The Utilization Of The Rule Of Four To Enable Students To Work In Their Zone Of Proximal Development, Valerie L. Kondolf Jan 2015

A Curriculum Project On The Utilization Of The Rule Of Four To Enable Students To Work In Their Zone Of Proximal Development, Valerie L. Kondolf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Discussed, developed, and written over the course of roughly two-and-a-half-years, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) seek to prepare students to be college- and career-ready (K-12 Blueprint, 2014). Released for implementation in classrooms nation-wide in June 2010, the CCSS are claimed to be “a balance of concepts and skills, with content standards that require both conceptual understanding and procedural fluency” (K-12 Blueprint, 2014, p. 3), as well as address the issue of mathematical curricula being described as “a mile wide and an inch deep” (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2014). In order to abide by the newly adopted curricula, teachers ...


The Legal Process To Desegregation In Public Schools And The Racial Divide In Rochester, New York, Daniel J. Travis Dec 2014

The Legal Process To Desegregation In Public Schools And The Racial Divide In Rochester, New York, Daniel J. Travis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research examines the legal process to desegregation in the United States throughout history. The focus is on the principles established during reconstruction and how they had a lasting impact on segregating public schools across the nation. The court cases leading up the landmark decision of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka are also explored and broken down. The history behind the cases is then compared to the resurfacing issue of segregation in public schools following the Civil Rights movement with a primary focus on the City of Rochester and the surrounding suburbs. Following the reading their is also ...


For Arguments Sake, Let’S Use Technology In The Science Classroom, Timothy P. Chichester Dec 2014

For Arguments Sake, Let’S Use Technology In The Science Classroom, Timothy P. Chichester

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The use of SSI argumentation has been used in the classroom to develop students understanding of scientific issues, but the current use is limited in how far the student’s understanding can go. The issues currently facing SSI argumentation in the classroom are: student’s lack of knowledge of the NOS, lack of communication between students, and engagement of students in developing evidence to support claims. My project will take these weaknesses of SSI, and improve them through the use of technology. The use of technology is becoming more prevalent in schools today, but improvements concerning the use of it ...


Utilizing The History Of Science To Enhance Student Understanding And Engagement: A Compilation Of Earth Science Lesson Plans, Jennifer Boerner Oct 2014

Utilizing The History Of Science To Enhance Student Understanding And Engagement: A Compilation Of Earth Science Lesson Plans, Jennifer Boerner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Classroom research has shown that the history of science can be used to enhance student understanding of scientific concepts and processes, as well as the context in which science is explored. Successful methods for incorporating the history of science in to the classroom can also improve student understanding and use of scientific argumentation, as well as scientific literacy. Issues with incorporating history of science into the classroom include teachers’ lack of understanding and a dearth of available materials. The following project includes a review of relevant literature and Earth Science lessons incorporating the history of science into the topics of ...


Native American Women Representations In American History, Margaret E. Krencik Oct 2014

Native American Women Representations In American History, Margaret E. Krencik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The lives and actions on non-Euro-American individuals have historically been omitted from the American narrative. My research exposes how historians have, over the past few decades, begun to study Native American women in ways that honor their diversity and participation in American History. I challenge historians that discredit native oral traditions, a method that has been used to suppress native histories, through an analysis of an Oneida tradition. Finally, I created a website to educate schools and teachers of the steps they must take to rectify the disservice textbooks and curriculum have committed against minority students. The inclusion of minority ...


Racism And Education, Alicia M. Hunt Aug 2014

Racism And Education, Alicia M. Hunt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research focuses primarily on the effects of imperialism on the spread of racism. By evaluating specific historical relations, such as the British Empire and the Xhosa of Southern Africa, race relations are examined and their effect on American students of Social Studies clarified. Students are not always adequately instructed on the role of race in many historical events, and too often the role of minorities is minimized or even deleted from teaching materials. By understanding the legacy of imperialism, teachers may use carefully selected texts within their classrooms to help alleviate the disproportion of history taught in schools and ...


The Implications Of Childhood Divorce On The Teaching Practices And Perspectives Of A Substitute Teacher: A Self-Study, Christopher L. Coke Aug 2014

The Implications Of Childhood Divorce On The Teaching Practices And Perspectives Of A Substitute Teacher: A Self-Study, Christopher L. Coke

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This self-study examines the personal and professional implications of being raised in a single-parent household as a result of parental separation. Specifically, the research seeks to identify the personal and professional implications of being raised under such circumstances and the impact they might have on the researcher's practices and perspectives as a present day substitute teacher. Data was gathered using two sets of journal entries, one taking the form of a memoir and the other post-teaching field notes. Using these data sources, a number of key themes were identified, including valuing and supporting reading and writing, active identification with ...


The Effect Of The Lack Of Resources In Spanish For Students In Dual Language Bilingual Education Programs, Megan E. Cooley Apr 2014

The Effect Of The Lack Of Resources In Spanish For Students In Dual Language Bilingual Education Programs, Megan E. Cooley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The goal of this study is to demonstrate the effect that a lack of adequate and appropriate Spanish learning resources has on the consistently widening achievement gap between Spanish-speaking students and English-speaking students in two Dual Language programs. Data collected come from surveys given to 16 teachers in two Dual Language programs in two elementary schools in Rochester, NY. The data in the study confirms that Spanish-speaking students in both programs are at a disadvantage over their English-speaking peers when it comes to Spanish resources. Additionally, this lack of adequate and appropriate materials impairs English-speaking students’ ability to learn Spanish ...


Utilizing Non-Formal Teaching Strategies To Enhance Student Engagement Within Environmental Themed Science Units, Cody C. Clement Apr 2014

Utilizing Non-Formal Teaching Strategies To Enhance Student Engagement Within Environmental Themed Science Units, Cody C. Clement

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project will include a compilation of four individual environmental themed units. These units will contain opportunities for learning to occur in locations within the Finger Lakes region of New York. Each unit will contain a collaboration of 10-12 individual activities that will incorporate multiple science learning standards and connections to additional content areas. In addition, each activity will include teacher instructions with potential modifications and considerations, as well as identification of all the necessary materials and potential safety concerns for each individual activity.


Meeting All Students’ Needs Within A Scripted Writing Curriculum: A Self-Study, Michelle A. Stewart Jan 2014

Meeting All Students’ Needs Within A Scripted Writing Curriculum: A Self-Study, Michelle A. Stewart

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study, conducted in a kindergarten classroom at an urban charter school, investigated what happened when a teacher implemented a scripted writing curriculum. The study sought to examine how the teacher met individual student needs within the parameters of a scripted curriculum. It also sought to examine what happens when such a scripted curriculum is used. The teacher collected data in the form of lesson plans and a research journal. Lesson plans were delivered as scripted, but at times were adapted by the teacher. Each day after lesson delivery, the teacher wrote in a research journal, reflecting on the ...


Using The Interdisciplinary Approach To Education To Meet The Literacy Standards In The Common Core: And Ensuring Graduates Are College And Career Ready, Erica A. Mazzara Jan 2014

Using The Interdisciplinary Approach To Education To Meet The Literacy Standards In The Common Core: And Ensuring Graduates Are College And Career Ready, Erica A. Mazzara

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The implementation of the new Common Core State Standard Initiative (CCSS) warrants changes to current curriculums. This paper establishes the interdisciplinary approach to education as an effective method of instruction for the delivery of the new standards. The CCSS define literacy and college and career readiness anchor standards that students must meet in order to be successful post-secondary. The new English language arts (ELA) literacy shifts include: literacy instruction, content area vocabulary, increase in non-fiction or information texts, increased text complexity, and 21st century skills are all successful skills to be taught using the interdisciplinary approach and team teaching ...