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Full-Text Articles in Education

Disciplinary Literacy And Content Area Reading Strategies: Intentionality And Collaboration, Jamie Wojtowicz Dec 2015

Disciplinary Literacy And Content Area Reading Strategies: Intentionality And Collaboration, Jamie Wojtowicz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Due to stagnate or falling adolescent reading scores as shown on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (2007) and the inclusion of literacy standards as part of the Common Core standards titled “Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science & Technical Subjects,” (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010a) an interest in adolescent literacy, and what it means to teach literacy in a core subject area, has reemerged. Even prior to the literacy standards being released, studies re-exploring the topic of content area literacy through a new lens, disciplinary literacy, had been published. Since then ...


Curriculum Redesign With An Emphasis On Mathematical Literacy In An 8th Grade Function Unit, Caitlin A. Mosher Dec 2015

Curriculum Redesign With An Emphasis On Mathematical Literacy In An 8th Grade Function Unit, Caitlin A. Mosher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Most teachers in the United States are going through a paradigm shift. Teachers have to switch from using the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards or State Standards to the Common Core State Standards. With this shift in standards, teachers are now creating new curriculum that follow the CCSS. This thesis provides a unit on function that is aligned with CCSS. This unit has an emphasis on mathematical literacy to help students have a deeper understanding of the concepts they are learning.


Homeless Children & Academic Achievement: What Do Adults Who Experienced Homelessness As Children Believe Teachers Can Do To Ensure Their Homeless Students Achieve Academic Success?, Debra S. Dumuhosky Dec 2015

Homeless Children & Academic Achievement: What Do Adults Who Experienced Homelessness As Children Believe Teachers Can Do To Ensure Their Homeless Students Achieve Academic Success?, Debra S. Dumuhosky

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative research examined what adults who experienced homelessness as children believe teachers can do to ensure their homeless students achieve academic success. Objectives of the study was to interview participants who experienced homelessness as children, report on recent research regarding academics and homeless children, and suggest ideas to assist students in achieving academic success. Interviews were conducted with three adult participants who experienced homelessness as children. Results of the interviews were interpreted through thematic analysis to isolate identifying themes. Five themes were identified within the participants’ interviews: Lack of Compassion/Need for Compassion, Lack of Friends, A Lot of ...


Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak Dec 2015

Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension, influenced by factors such as fluency and vocabulary, is a struggle among K-12 students, but especially middle school students. Since the implementation of the CCSS and a push for more rigorous reading material, the task of ensuring students comprehend complex texts is a challenging one for teachers. Due to the nature of reading comprehension, it’s a skill difficult to assess, leaving teachers unsure when and how to implement it into their already demanding curriculum. But reading comprehension is not a skill that necessarily needs to be taught, it’s one that has to be practiced independently by ...


Multiliteracies: Bringing Multimodality Into Schools, Daniel C. Greco Dec 2015

Multiliteracies: Bringing Multimodality Into Schools, Daniel C. Greco

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s technological advancements provide cause for literacy educators to think about literacy as many literacies or multiliteracies (Cimbricz & Rath, 2015). This analytical review explores the construct of multiliteracy in hopes of discovering how to help students become multiliterate and learn the many literacies important to today’s world. This review examines four case studies that speak to the actual impact multiliteracies has on student and teacher learning. My analysis suggests that in some cases, student engagement improved when the teaching and learning of multiliteracies were used in schools. Furthermore, the integration of multiple modes of meaning making seemed to ...


Promoting Parental Involvement And Students Success In School: What Teachers Can Do, Nora E. Preller Dec 2015

Promoting Parental Involvement And Students Success In School: What Teachers Can Do, Nora E. Preller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Parents’ active involvement in their children’s education strongly correlates with student success in school (Abel, 2012; Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 1997; Zhan, 2005). Despite the benefits of parent involvement (PI), a variety of factors limit and discourage parents from taking an active role in their child’s education. This analytic literature review examine 1) what factors hinder parent involvement and 2) to research methods that teachers can take to promote PI. This review suggests that a variety of factors, ranging from teacher expectations and biases to parents’ beliefs and specific life contexts, can hinder PI (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005). That said, teachers can do much to promote PI including but not limited to promoting positive interactions with parents, practicing culturally responsive teaching and empowering parents (Christianakis, 2011; Gillanders, McKinney, & Ritchie, 2012). In the end ...


Finding The Most Meaningful Forms Of Parental Involvement: A Synthesis Of Meta-Analyses, Sarah Lawson Dec 2015

Finding The Most Meaningful Forms Of Parental Involvement: A Synthesis Of Meta-Analyses, Sarah Lawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Definitions of ‘parental involvement’ and ‘school achievement’ confusingly differ. While some researchers use specific terms and definitions, others use a broad and open analysis of the terms. Although research suggests that parental involvement (PI) significantly influences children’s school achievement, it is important to understand which aspects of PI prove most critical. Accordingly, in this meta- synthesis, I offer research conducted within the last five, an in depth and up-to-date understanding of how parents can be involved in their children’s education in ways that most favorably impact their children’s school achievement.

The following themes emerged from this synthesis ...


Rochester City School District Charter Schools: Decreasing The Achievement Gap?, Kathryn M. Beaumont Dec 2015

Rochester City School District Charter Schools: Decreasing The Achievement Gap?, Kathryn M. Beaumont

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The demographics and socioeconomic status of the students attending the Rochester City School District (RCSD) are significantly different than the average student in New York State. The average student in the RCSD is African American and considered economically disadvantaged. These two characteristics and Rochester being an urban location are the perfect combination for a charter school. Most educators create charter schools in urban districts to target students from low-socioeconomic families. This paper focuses on the requirements and logistics that differ a charter school from a traditional charter school to determine whether or not charter schools are decreasing the achievement gap.


Educating All Students? Successfully Supporting Students With Emotional Disabilities, Emily R. Davis Dec 2015

Educating All Students? Successfully Supporting Students With Emotional Disabilities, Emily R. Davis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Within the last five years, the Department of Education Archives (n.d.) indicates the number of students classified with emotional disabilities ED enrolled in public schools has increased by ten percent. These increased numbers require that teachers need to be prepared to successfully support students with ED. This analytic review explores ways to meet the students’ needs both academically and emotionally. Discussion of placement, academic and social interventions, and the nature of special education proved focal. My analysis suggests that there needs to be a blend of academic supports and behavior modifications in place for students with ED for them ...


A Closer Look Into Discipline Specific Literacy Strategies For Mathematics, Kaitlyn Johnson Dec 2015

A Closer Look Into Discipline Specific Literacy Strategies For Mathematics, Kaitlyn Johnson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study then looks into specific researched based literacy practices to determine which strategies are known to work and help students read. The study then looks into research-based literacy specific practices to determine which strategies are known to work to help students read. Then, I take what I have previously learned regarding why students struggle to read mathematical text, and take the literacy strategies I found to further modify them into discipline specific literacy strategies. The purpose of this study is to provide professionals, including myself, a toolkit of mathematical literacy strategies to use to implement into everyday instruction, ultimately ...


High School Calculus: Is Ap Calculus The Best Option?, Katrijn Moulin Dec 2015

High School Calculus: Is Ap Calculus The Best Option?, Katrijn Moulin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the 2015-2016 academic school year, 3.3 million high school seniors are expected to graduate, and six percent of them are gifted and talented individuals who may be entering an AP Calculus course. Research shows that many students entering AP Calculus end up terminating their mathematical careers before even starting college. This thesis provides an alternative approach to AP Calculus; a non- AP Calculus exemplar unit that provides deeper conceptual knowledge of the slope, connected to the derivative, which may better prepare students for their college mathematics career. High school is a place to encourage students to accomplish their ...


A Spiraling Curriculum Project On Factoring In Algebra I Aligned With The New York State Common Core State Standards, Katie Elkins Dec 2015

A Spiraling Curriculum Project On Factoring In Algebra I Aligned With The New York State Common Core State Standards, Katie Elkins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Our nation is experiencing a paradigm shift from the National Council Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This shift is leaving teachers with a lack of resources to support these new standards. This Spiraling Curriculum project on factoring was created to be used in an Algebra I classroom and is aligned with the NYS CCSS. The Spiraling Curriculum is designed to help students activate relevant prior knowledge as well as continuously return to topics at a progressively deeper level, allowing connections to be made throughout topics and units.

A table of contents is provided ...


Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment Question-Driven Instruction Using Student Response Systems In High School Life Science Classes, Jennifer Gardinier Dec 2015

Technology-Enhanced Formative Assessment Question-Driven Instruction Using Student Response Systems In High School Life Science Classes, Jennifer Gardinier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The evaluation of student learning for the purpose of modifying teaching and learning activities to improve learning outcomes through formative assessment is widely considered to be a best practice for improving student learning. Effective secondary teaching includes measurable improvement of what students know and can do and student performance relies on opportunities to receive and apply feedback. Technology-enhanced formative assessment (TEFA) combines question-driven instruction with student response systems to create a discussion based classroom environment that invites continual feedback. Student-led discussions are the platform for learning with TEFA with the teacher facilitating TEFA also provides the flexibility to assess student ...


Incorporating Problem Based Learning Into A Secondary International Baccalaureate Biology Curriculum, Katie Smith Dec 2015

Incorporating Problem Based Learning Into A Secondary International Baccalaureate Biology Curriculum, Katie Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As expressed in the 21st century skills framework, the goal of education is to create lifelong learners who can contribute to society. To accomplish this task, students must be exposed to real world problems providing students the opportunity to retain knowledge for future acquisition and application. Problem based learning (PBL) is distinct from other learning philosophies and strategies because it centers content and skills on problems instead of providing a list of concepts and then trying to make them applicable to the real world (Jonassen & Hung, 2008).

Most PBL research and curriculums have been created at the college level ...


Exploring Social Development In A Child With Autism Who Uses The Language Acquisition Through Motor Planning (Lamp) Treatment Approach, Danielle L. Giangrasso Dec 2015

Exploring Social Development In A Child With Autism Who Uses The Language Acquisition Through Motor Planning (Lamp) Treatment Approach, Danielle L. Giangrasso

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study reviews how the communication device called Language Acquisition through Motor Planning (LAMP) influenced a specific child’s social development. The child in this study has autism and communicates nonverbally. I collected qualitative and quantitative data by recording field note observations, tracking behavioral data such as eye contact and social initiation, and having participants who personally know the child complete a survey regarding their thoughts on this topic. Findings were derived from the research. The findings were 1) socialization occurs more with adults, 2) LAMP gives opportunities to socialize, 3) communication occurs mostly when there is a highly motivating ...


Implementing Technology In An Algebra Classroom, Jennifer M. Damick Dec 2015

Implementing Technology In An Algebra Classroom, Jennifer M. Damick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The drive to place technology in the secondary mathematics classrooms has been on the rise and has shown over time to improve learning outcomes. How to support teachers with the implementation of technology in the midst of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) reform and teacher accountability is important. This thesis provides varied use of technology along with different technological instructional strategies for an Algebra I course. Presenting technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) in the Algebra I context can support teachers’ implementation of technology into their instruction.

Keywords: Common Core State Standards (CCSS), NCTM Standards, Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), Technological ...


Differentiating Science Instruction For All Learners In Problem-Based Learning, Brian Battle Dec 2015

Differentiating Science Instruction For All Learners In Problem-Based Learning, Brian Battle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

One of the biggest challenges for science teachers today is teaching a challenging science curriculum to an extremely diverse population of students in terms of abilities, interests, backgrounds, and learning styles. Making this task even more difficult is the timeframe in which teachers have to teach all students the entire science curriculum. The pressure teachers currently face to complete this task may result in the replacement of the quality of instruction for the quantity of instruction. This thesis aims to provide teachers a way to offer quality science instruction to a diverse group of learners through a hybrid approach of ...


Creating A Curriculum For Heritage Language Learners Of Spanish, Joanna Menzie Dec 2015

Creating A Curriculum For Heritage Language Learners Of Spanish, Joanna Menzie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The number of Heritage Language Learners (HLLs), specifically those who speak Spanish, is more prominent in the researcher’s school system. Language educators have wondered if the Foreign Language (FL) classroom is the correct placement for HLLs, or if there is a curriculum that could be put in place to better benefit the HLLs. Based on surveys completed by four second language teachers, there were many problems they faced when it came to how to teach HLLs and what they (both educators and HLLs) have been experiencing in the classroom. The specific needs of HLLs was not known by many ...


Implementing Blended Classroom Pedagogy To Deepen Student Understanding In High School Biology, David J. Krebs Dec 2015

Implementing Blended Classroom Pedagogy To Deepen Student Understanding In High School Biology, David J. Krebs

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The blended classroom model offers excitement and increased student engagement to an aging education system. The objective of this project is to demonstrate how teachers can best deepen student learning founded within 3 main focuses; first, transitioning away from passive lecture centered environments towards active student centered environments, second, to embrace technology as an educational tool, and third, to implement effective hands-on learning protocols. In this comprehensive literature review both benefits and concerns to applying blended classroom frameworks in a 9th grade living environment setting are addressed and reveal it’s effectiveness specifically stating higher student achievement and positive ...


Exploring The Impact Of Assistive Technologies In The Classroom For Students With Disabilities, Katie Coulon Dec 2015

Exploring The Impact Of Assistive Technologies In The Classroom For Students With Disabilities, Katie Coulon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This analytical review explores the impact of assistive technology (AT) on academic achievement for students with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities in pre-K to 12 th -grade classrooms. Extant scholarly literature from 2010 to 2015 is examined in this analytical review. Findings indicate that when students with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities use AT such as iPads®, software, speech generators, electronic notebooks, and computer-assisted instruction, there was an increase in academic achievement (e.g. spelling or writing skills) and an increase in student engagement. AT may be effective for one student; however, it may not be effective for another student ...


The Impact Of Adhd On Student Learning In The K Through 12 Classrooms, Adriana M. Rosengreen Dec 2015

The Impact Of Adhd On Student Learning In The K Through 12 Classrooms, Adriana M. Rosengreen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores what students diagnosed with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) identify as important helping them learn in grades K-12 and beyond. Without the provision of appropriate supports and strategies, students diagnosed with ADHD are at a greater risk of dropping out of high school. The official definition of ADHD has been a moving target and this, in turn, has led to confusion about what ADHD ‘is” and the educational supports that appropriately help students diagnosed with ADHD learn (American Psychiatric Association, 1980; American Psychiatric Association, 1994; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Moreover, efforts to understand what supports help students ...


How Is Response To Intervention Doing? A Self-Study Approach, Mary K. Daloia Nov 2015

How Is Response To Intervention Doing? A Self-Study Approach, Mary K. Daloia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Response to Intervention is a multi-tiered intervention system being used in schools throughout the entire nation to help support struggling students. With educators obtaining jobs as academic intervention system providers and a large number of students receiving specific interventions, it is imperative that RTI is being checked for its effectiveness. This self-study was conducted to see how the personal efforts of an AIS provider were working. Over a six-week period, the researcher used the daily instruction and observations to search for three items: key components of RTI, which methods work during instruction and what needs to be improved. Although this ...


Technology In The Classroom, Samantha M. Seaman Oct 2015

Technology In The Classroom, Samantha M. Seaman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover how I, a kindergarten teacher, used technology within the classroom. The authors of the articles and case studies in the literature review discuss the various technological tools available in school districts and how teachers utilize them effectively. This was a qualitative, self-study where I looked at my practices concerning technology in the classroom. The data were collected during a six-week period using journaling, factual information, and lesson plans. The results of the study showed that I used 10 different forms of technology in the classroom during lessons created. Results also showed the ...


Anti-Bullying Interventions In The Middle School Literacy Instruction, Ashley Fotopoulos Oct 2015

Anti-Bullying Interventions In The Middle School Literacy Instruction, Ashley Fotopoulos

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

I conducted this analytical literature review to examine various forms of literature to gain a deeper understanding about bullying in the middle school setting. Various quantitative and qualitative research studies were examined to determine how schools are implementing anti-bullying intervention methods into the literacy instruction. A comparative analysis was done to compare other schools’ intervention methods such as Positive Behavior Intervention Supports (PBIS) and Safe School Ambassador Training (SSA). Lastly, future recommendations and considerations are made to further implement anti-bullying intervention into the literacy instruction.


Exploring The Implementation Of Words Their Way In A First Grade Classroom, Kathryn J. Horch Oct 2015

Exploring The Implementation Of Words Their Way In A First Grade Classroom, Kathryn J. Horch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explores the implementation of the program Words Their Way in a first grade classroom. I completed my study to explore the effects this program had on my students reading and writing. My research question is: How might the implementation of the program Words Their Way impact how students use their knowledge of phonics within their real reading and writing experiences?


Science Literacy: Collection Of Earth Science Lessons Emphasizing Writing In Science, Amanda Klein Oct 2015

Science Literacy: Collection Of Earth Science Lessons Emphasizing Writing In Science, Amanda Klein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this project is to create lessons and projects for high school Earth Science classes encompassing science literacy, specifically focused on writing. With the recent release of the Next Generation Science Standards, science literacy has gained importance in science education. This being said, teachers need the pedagogical skills to implement and teach science literacy.

For this project, a literature review of science literacy was conducted which lead to a focus on writing in science. Past research of writing in science classrooms revealed that more than half of high school science teachers claim that they do not feel prepared ...


Literacy Strategies For Reading And Understanding Nonfiction Texts In The Elementary Grades, Melody L. Vanacore Oct 2015

Literacy Strategies For Reading And Understanding Nonfiction Texts In The Elementary Grades, Melody L. Vanacore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

Elementary teachers must educate their students to read and understand nonfiction text so they will not only be successful in elementary school, but will also be prepared for the increased demands placed on them in the upper grades and beyond. This literature review investigated the question, what are the most effective literacy strategies teachers can use to better teach the reading of nonfiction texts to elementary students? Data collection was accomplished by gathering academic, peer reviewed articles and scholarly texts containing information on teaching nonfiction to elementary students. The data was then analyzed through content analysis for appropriate strategies ...


Reflective Peace In The At-Risk Classroom, Aaron C. Lawrick Aug 2015

Reflective Peace In The At-Risk Classroom, Aaron C. Lawrick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The intent of this project was to design a system to encourage self-reflection in the At-risk classroom. As teachers and staff working with these students, we must first learn and then model the success of self-reflection. We must know ways to properly look within ourselves through reflection and introspection, enabling our pedagogies to grow and evolve, to be at the ready to inspire whichever population of students we work with. The data from this project represents proof that classroom intervention strategies that focus on peace through self-understanding are vital for the overall success of ED students and the dedicated staff ...


The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand Aug 2015

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


Technology Enhancing Kindergarten Students’ Literacy Skills In Math, Alannah N. Heale Aug 2015

Technology Enhancing Kindergarten Students’ Literacy Skills In Math, Alannah N. Heale

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

I planned my methods and procedures in an effort to gain understanding of how technology affects instruction and learning of reading and writing in mathematics. I also focused my research on determining the impact that incorporating technology into mathematics can have on motivation in learning. In order to explore the impact technology can have on math instruction; I randomly selected three five year old students from my kindergarten classroom for a six week time frame during the Fall of 2014. I collected data through use of a variety of observations, audio tools, assessments, and interviews, as participant’s utilized technology ...