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Full-Text Articles in Education

Using Reader's Theater To Engage Struggling Readers In A Fifth Grade Urban Setting, Eric Bellinger Dec 2011

Using Reader's Theater To Engage Struggling Readers In A Fifth Grade Urban Setting, Eric Bellinger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to investigate the benefits of reader’s theater and how it related to student’s engagement, fluency and comprehension development. Two fifth grade case study students were chosen to participate in the six-week study. The students both attend an urban school and are from low-income families. Both students were recommended by the reading specialist to help improve their reading fluency and comprehension skills. In order to determine the effectiveness of reader’s theater, several forms of data collection were used. Observational notes, interview questions, running records and comprehension questions were chosen to gather the ...


Multimodal Texts And Student Motivation In School Writing, Jenna Cortash Dec 2011

Multimodal Texts And Student Motivation In School Writing, Jenna Cortash

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research is to explain the benefits of using multimodal texts in a classroom environment. So much emphasis is placed on fluency, accuracy of words read, expression and pace. While these elements are crucial for successful readers, I aim to suggest that a reader can demonstrate reading behaviors with wordless picture books. Students generate a storyline, and feel ownership toward the book because they have connection. Every student will notice various details and not everyone's story will be alike. The research questions that will be answered in my work are 1) How can a teacher use ...


Unraveling Anti-Federalist Ideology Through A Conceptual Framework Of Natural Rights, Jacob D. Solt Dec 2011

Unraveling Anti-Federalist Ideology Through A Conceptual Framework Of Natural Rights, Jacob D. Solt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This master thesis begins with a detailed telling of the history of the Anti-Federalist movement. At the time, the United States was undergoing a huge change. The entire government was in the process of being replaced with a fundamentally different one. Dismantling all pre-existing state and local governments, and forming one unitary government. Some people were understandably fearful of this and Anti-Federalism was born.

The Anti-Federalist group was extremely diverse, with internal disagreements on nearly every concept. The author argues that the one thing that all Anti-Federalists mutually agreed upon was the existence of inalienable natural rights including the natural ...


The Effect Of Family Literacy On Kindergarten Success, Tracey Miranda Burgio Nov 2011

The Effect Of Family Literacy On Kindergarten Success, Tracey Miranda Burgio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Effect of Family Literacy on Kindergarten Success study took place in a rural school district located in western New York. Five students were randomly chosen out of a kindergarten class that contained sixteen students. Parent surveys, a teacher interview and four classroom observations were conducted in order to collect research. Data was analyzed and four conclusions were made. Conversation is an important part of students' success in kindergarten. Parents included creative responses when answering what types of literacy activities they participate in with their children. Few parents reported daily reading and writing activities with their children. Lastly, it was ...


Inquiry-Based Instruction: Not All Fun And Games, Sharon Kinsley Oct 2011

Inquiry-Based Instruction: Not All Fun And Games, Sharon Kinsley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study seeks to examine the role of play in learning in order to define how games may be used as an effective tool for instruction in an inquiry-based classroom. Given the multitude of games that are available that purport to be educational, an effective means of choosing games for the classroom is explored. The connection between the use of inquiry-based instruction and games is investigated with an eye toward developing criteria for assessing games for use in the classroom. Numerous online games were evaluated from four different websites to determine the usefulness of these criteria for discriminating between games ...


Interactive Whiteboards: Impact On Fifth-Grade Writing Skills, Danielle Marie Mooney Oct 2011

Interactive Whiteboards: Impact On Fifth-Grade Writing Skills, Danielle Marie Mooney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Given current societal emphasis on technology mixed with the community pressures to succeed in an increasingly technological world, teachers and school districts find themselves focusing efforts on integrating technology and instruction more readily in their classrooms; their goal - to improve instructional practices and keep up with the developing, tech-savvy world. This thesis project discusses several clarifying questions - How much technology should schools be expected to provide? What types of instruction would most benefit students? The research study addresses the influence of the SMART board on students’ academic development, specifically in writing with regard to motivation and literacy. The project’s ...


A Basal Program Does Not Stand Alone: The Roles Professional Choice, Principled Practice, And Finessing Play In Elementary Teachers’ Negotiation Of A Basal Program, Ashley Roberts Aug 2011

A Basal Program Does Not Stand Alone: The Roles Professional Choice, Principled Practice, And Finessing Play In Elementary Teachers’ Negotiation Of A Basal Program, Ashley Roberts

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Basal programs can be useful guides for teachers. They provide structure and useful material for a lesson plan. However, in school districts where the program plan is required to be taught with little to no flexibility the programs become restrictive and cumbersome. Most teachers find it necessary to alter the programs in specific ways. In this master thesis, the author considered how elementary school teachers actually use basal programs within the classroom.

The thesis begins with a thorough history of basal programs, including the evolving approaches of teaching. Nine elementary teachers were interviewed, teaching grades one through four. All of ...


Using Classroom Management Strategies In An Inquiry Classroom, Angelica Matias Aug 2011

Using Classroom Management Strategies In An Inquiry Classroom, Angelica Matias

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Current research strongly advocates for the use of a more student -centered model of instruction which goes along with the inquiry-based learning model. Because teachers face certain management challenges when attempting to implement this style of instruction in their classroom, I thought it would be useful to explore the different management strategies that could help teachers to allow students the freedom necessary to complete inquiry-based activities. The goal is to lessen teacher frustration by directly relating management strategies to inquiry lessons. The strategies would be targeted at the specific challenges that teachers face when attempting to "teach" lessons that are ...


The Use Of Student Writing In Algebra To Gain Conceptual Understanding, Emily M. Gloss Aug 2011

The Use Of Student Writing In Algebra To Gain Conceptual Understanding, Emily M. Gloss

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This quantitative, action research project sought to find out how the use of writing prompts in algebra could help students to i1nprove their conceptual understanding of the content. Before starting final exam review, thirty-five students from New York algebra classes were pre-tested on several concepts. The concepts that they scored the weakest in were used in the study. Brief instructional lessons, si1nilar to the lessons taught in the original units, were reviewed. Short writing prompts were given after each lesson. In an effort to improve students conceptual understand of the content, the writing prompts asked students to explain concepts, make ...


"All My Life I'Ve Been Using Microsoft Word!": Incorporating Kidspiration, Power Point And Word Into A Second Grade Writing Workshop, Ashley Murawski Aug 2011

"All My Life I'Ve Been Using Microsoft Word!": Incorporating Kidspiration, Power Point And Word Into A Second Grade Writing Workshop, Ashley Murawski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this study, I investigated how the integration of Microsoft Word, Microsoft Power Point and Kidspiration into writing workshop influenced the writing processes and abilities of my second graders. They were provided with an open-ended writing project and had the opportunity to decide which computer program would be the most effective for presenting their writing. I used anecdotal notes and interviews to gain insight into several students' thinking, primarily focusing on their decision making regarding the use of the computer programs, the process of using the computer program he/she selected, and his/her reflections on the quality of the ...


Outside Of School Activities That May Foster Emergent Literacy Abilities Of First Graders, Kristen K. Maxwell Aug 2011

Outside Of School Activities That May Foster Emergent Literacy Abilities Of First Graders, Kristen K. Maxwell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As I have shown through the finding of my research, reading, writing, listening, speaking, viewing, and visually representing begin at an early age and involves parents and other family members as well as the children themselves. I have learned through my study that each child partakes in literacy in his or her own way. Aspects of gender, race, and socio-economic status did not play a large role in the students' involvement in literacy activities outside of the classroom. The literacy experiences do often vary, depending on these factors, but each child in my classroom participated in literacy in one way ...


Hitler: The Spread Of Nazism 1919-1945, Peter C. Osadnick Aug 2011

Hitler: The Spread Of Nazism 1919-1945, Peter C. Osadnick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to look at the causes of Nazi Germany's rise and its eventual era of violence. The Nazi party was the political party led by Adolf Hitler that took control in Germany from 1933-1945. Their political stance was to unify a broken Germany and to spread hatred against Jewish people. They wanted to use Jews as the scapegoat for their problems. Hitler took over the presidency in 1933 after then-president Paul von Hindenburg died. He fused together the presidency with his previously held chancellorship into a dictatorship. Furthermore, the Nazi party was known as ...


Teacher Perceptions Of Guided Reading, Casie A. Reeves Aug 2011

Teacher Perceptions Of Guided Reading, Casie A. Reeves

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore teacher understandings and practices of the guided reading process. Guided reading is a process coined/originated in the United States by Irene C. Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell, literacy teachers and researchers who have made numerous contributions to the education field with their books and programs. Fountas and Pinnell (2001) state that the purpose of guided reading is to "meet the varying instructional needs of all the students in [a] class, enabling them to greatly expand their reading powers" (p. 191).

Data was collected to answer the following question: What are teacher ...


Exploring The Impact Of Learning Targets And Self-Reflection With Three Fifth Graders Who Have Special Needs, Nicole Marie Mccoy Aug 2011

Exploring The Impact Of Learning Targets And Self-Reflection With Three Fifth Graders Who Have Special Needs, Nicole Marie Mccoy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The use of learning targets is one of the assessment for learning practices that my colleagues and I are expected to incorporate within our teaching. I wanted to be become more proficient in the implementation of learning targets into my lessons, and more effective at defining learning targets that align with New York state standards. I think it is important that as a special educator I become better able to guide my students towards being active learners who take responsibility for and ownership of their learning. I want my students to be successful and realize that they can achieve their ...


The Concept Of Citizenship In The American Education System, Christine E.M. Epping-Plaisted Aug 2011

The Concept Of Citizenship In The American Education System, Christine E.M. Epping-Plaisted

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Citizenship education in the social studies curriculum has traditionally stressed the importance of the freedoms, rights and responsibilities bestowed on the American people as a privilege and an honor. U.S. citizenship has been held in esteem with such enduring American images of Ellis Island, war propaganda and rallying cries from politicians on what it means to be a citizen of the United States. This paper strives to shatter some of those long held ideals and encourage an open dialogue of citizenship rights and denials throughout the history of the United States. Citizenship education needs to examine the differing interpretations ...


Groundbreaking Training: Providing Teachers With Extensive Mentor-Based Technology Integration Support, Jacquelyn Gilmore Aug 2011

Groundbreaking Training: Providing Teachers With Extensive Mentor-Based Technology Integration Support, Jacquelyn Gilmore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research looks to show the effectiveness of the mentor based training progran1 for teachers and the teachers' ability to implement the technology as well as improve student achievement.


The Use Of Graphic Organizers In Supporting Primary Aged Students In Genre Specific Writing Tasks, Lauren Hawkins Aug 2011

The Use Of Graphic Organizers In Supporting Primary Aged Students In Genre Specific Writing Tasks, Lauren Hawkins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research study is to examine the impact that graphic organizers have on the writing process and product for primary aged students. The graphic organizer functions as a tool for meaning making within the context of school writing. The research questions that will be explored in this study focus on how graphic organizers capture teacher scaffolding, the relationship between graphic organizers and the final product, and how the use of graphic organizers encourage natural ways of writing. Research will be based in Anne Dyson’s (1981) study of cultural factors in writing and storytelling, and Sarah Michaels ...


Integration Of An Ipod Touch Into The Editing Process, Paige Reilly Langswager Aug 2011

Integration Of An Ipod Touch Into The Editing Process, Paige Reilly Langswager

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis was designed to explore my growing curiosity about how and why students edit their work and if technology can improve those editing skills. I conducted a case study into a group of six sixth graders. I interviewed the case study students to find out about their perceptions of editing and looked for insight into how they edited. After the initial interview I taught my students how to use an iPod Touch during a peer editing conference. I then observed my students for an hour for six weeks during their writers workshop . I studied to see how their interactions ...


Educational Techniques And Strategies Found To Be Effective When Teaching Middle School Boys, Shiela Mahmutspahic Aug 2011

Educational Techniques And Strategies Found To Be Effective When Teaching Middle School Boys, Shiela Mahmutspahic

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In all fifty states, in urban and suburban schools, from kindergarten to college girls are outperforming boys in all subject areas. The achievement gap between girls and boys is widening and boys are falling further and further behind. This study was conducted to research teaching strategies that can be used to teach boys effectively. A questionnaire was administered to a total of five middle school teachers who currently teach at an all-boys school. The questionnaire included teaching strategies and participants were to rate each one to determine the most effective strategy and least effective strategy (out of the strategies given ...


Some Implications Of Differentiation During A Seventh Grade Probability Unit, Mindy Marlene Swancott Aug 2011

Some Implications Of Differentiation During A Seventh Grade Probability Unit, Mindy Marlene Swancott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Educators inevitably realize that their classrooms are diverse environments with regards to student interests, learning styles, and abilities. Research has shown that differentiating instruction promotes student learning by taking into account student complexities. Moreover, research has shown that teaching probability with activities and experiments can be advantageous. However, research has not been completed to determine if differentiating activities along with instruction can be similarly beneficial. For the researcher's purpose, probability activities and differentiating instruction were explored simultaneously. The researcher sought to conduct this investigation in the context of a rural New York private school. Varied activity based instruction was ...


Project- Based Learning And Its Effect On Motivation In The Adolescent Mathematics Classroom, Pamela J. Beres Aug 2011

Project- Based Learning And Its Effect On Motivation In The Adolescent Mathematics Classroom, Pamela J. Beres

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research is to determine how teaching practices can affect students' motivation and perceptions towards mathematics. Initial, closed-response evaluations will be used to get a baseline of students' motivational beliefs and perceptions. The evaluations will specifically address the following factors: individual attitudes and beliefs, projected future plans, classroom environment and teaching methods, and perceived teacher support. The researcher will incorporate a project-based learning sequence into the current curriculum. Upon completion of the project, students will be re-evaluated by means of closed-response and open-ended surveys on motivational levels. This information will help determine if teaching methods have any ...


A Special Education Teacher's Use Of Progress Monitoring, Louise V. Burgio Aug 2011

A Special Education Teacher's Use Of Progress Monitoring, Louise V. Burgio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored my use of progress monitoring in order to find the most effective ways to organize and gather data to support two of my students' literacy development. I investigated the purpose and reliability of my use of assessment. I have chosen the three participants based on their individual needs for literacy instruction and their quality of attendance, yet two of the three students participated. The design of this study enabled me to authentically and systematically reflect on my use of progress monitoring and the impact it had my individual students.


The Effect Of Repeated Reading On Content Learning In A Preschool Classroom, Nicole M. Demarco Aug 2011

The Effect Of Repeated Reading On Content Learning In A Preschool Classroom, Nicole M. Demarco

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of repeated read alouds on students' understanding of content. The following research questions were addressed: To what extent do read alouds enhance learning and understanding at the preschool level? To what extent do read alouds engage the students in learning the content at the preschool level? Observations of specific students in my classroom as well as observations of all students in my class were conducted to investigate the second research question: To what extent do read alouds engage the students in learning the content at the preschool level? Read aloud ...


How Does The Use Of Read Alouds By Two Fourth-Grade Teachers Effect Their Students' Independent Reading Choices?, Margaret M. Freeman Aug 2011

How Does The Use Of Read Alouds By Two Fourth-Grade Teachers Effect Their Students' Independent Reading Choices?, Margaret M. Freeman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the use of read alouds in the classroom could introduce students to books in ways that would generate interest in an author, topic, or genre which would then enable the students to more easily find choices for independent reading books and increase their independent reading. During the course of this study, the research question, "How does the use of read alouds by two fourth-grade teachers effect their students' independent reading choices?'' was addressed. By understanding how read alouds can effect a student's independent reading choices, it will enable me, and ...


How The Instruction And Use Of Three Metacognitve Reading Strategies Helped Fourth Graders Find Success And Enjoyment In Reading Informational Text, Kimberly Anne Klein Aug 2011

How The Instruction And Use Of Three Metacognitve Reading Strategies Helped Fourth Graders Find Success And Enjoyment In Reading Informational Text, Kimberly Anne Klein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore what would happen when I provided my students with metacognitive reading strategies in order to promote their engagement with and understanding of expository texts. To do so, I focused on three metacognitive strategies that I explicitly instructed in a series of small group settings; connecting, imaging, and predicting. I provided the students with time to practice the strategies independently using expository texts such as magazines, textbooks, and nonfiction books. I wanted to make a difference in the way my students read nonfiction information. I wanted them to see the value in reading ...


The Connection Between Play And Emergent Literacy In Universal Pre-Kindergarten Students, Megan Patricia Mcdaniels Aug 2011

The Connection Between Play And Emergent Literacy In Universal Pre-Kindergarten Students, Megan Patricia Mcdaniels

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy is a combination of reading, writing, viewing, listening, and speaking skills. My experiences working with and observing children has allowed me to see the types of literacy skills such as reading, writing, book handling, representation, retelling, comprehension that children incorporate into their own self initiated play. These experiences have also further inspired my main research question for this study: How do children in a pre-school classroom demonstrate emergent literacy skills in their self-initiated free play? I was also curious to research the following question: How do the classroom setting and teachers influence the use of literacy skills within play ...


A First Grade Teacher's Exploration Of Her Students' Literacy Development, Janel M. Butlin Aug 2011

A First Grade Teacher's Exploration Of Her Students' Literacy Development, Janel M. Butlin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research study was to explore how my teaching of literacy, which I define as reading, writing, listening, and speaking, through a balanced literacy framework impacted my students' development. I wanted to further develop and enhance my understanding of what is possible using literacy instruction grounded in a balanced literacy framework. Specifically, I would address the research question: How does my work as a first grade teacher influence my students' literacy development?

To answer the question, I recorded my daily reflections and observations in a research journal. In a separate journal, I documented my students' reactions to ...


The Effects Of The Daily Five, Developed By Gail Boushey & Joan Moser, On Classroom Literacy Instruction, Jason Matthew Lashomb Aug 2011

The Effects Of The Daily Five, Developed By Gail Boushey & Joan Moser, On Classroom Literacy Instruction, Jason Matthew Lashomb

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to gain a better perspective on the Daily Five reading and writing approach in order to learn ways to implement a more efficient literacy block in my future classroom. I wanted to achieve an understanding for a structure of a whole-language approach that encourages students' independence and engagement while fostering their reading and writing development. Also through this study, I have developed my own personal skills in order to become a better educational researcher. Through my research, I answered the following question using the data collected: What are the effects ...


Blogging And Poetry: Fourth Graders Develop Their Higher Order Thinking Skills, Brian J. Carberry Aug 2011

Blogging And Poetry: Fourth Graders Develop Their Higher Order Thinking Skills, Brian J. Carberry

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to see if and how my fourth grade students used blogging to develop the higher order thinking skills of applying, analyzing, and evaluating when responding to poetry. The study provided me with insights into how blogging can be used as another avenue for discussing poetry, as opposed to the more conventional approaches of verbal discussion and handwritten responses.

A secondary purpose of this study was to provide other educators with insight into how blogging can develop students' use of higher order thinking skills when responding to poetry. I addressed the following research question through ...


Supporting Reluctant Fourth Grade Readers, Megan Conaway Jul 2011

Supporting Reluctant Fourth Grade Readers, Megan Conaway

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Purpose of Study (9-10)