Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Association Between Learning Styles And Academic Difficulty, Mary B. Vorrasi Dec 1999

The Association Between Learning Styles And Academic Difficulty, Mary B. Vorrasi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis examined students’ Jungian learning styles to determine if a significant association exists between dominant learning style and the occurrence and severity of academic difficulty. Learning style was put into four groups based upon learning-type theory; sensing-thinking, intuitive-thinking, sensing-feeling, and intuitive feeling. Thirty third and fourth grade students from a public elementary school in central New York aged 8-10 years old were given the Learning Preference Inventory (LPI) to determine their dominant, auxiliary, supporting, and least-used styles of learning. Amount and severity of academic difficulty was determined by the use of three academic support services available at the school ...


Partner Reading: A Constructivist Based Approach To Developing Reading Skills In The Elementary Grades, Susan Wierzbowski Nov 1999

Partner Reading: A Constructivist Based Approach To Developing Reading Skills In The Elementary Grades, Susan Wierzbowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether partner reading can elicit a high level of comprehension of text while utilizing a style of learning that is natural for young children. A comparison between the partner reading technique and the traditional basal reading method on student comprehension was studied. Twenty-three second grade students from two classrooms were tested on two story selections. A counterbalance design was applied so that each story was presented in both the traditional teacher centered basal method and the partner reading technique. The questions which followed tested literal, interpretive, critical, and creative thinking. The partner ...


Student Science Projects And Science Fairs: How To Maximize Benefits To Students And Minimize Burden To Teachers, Patricia H. Wartinger Nov 1999

Student Science Projects And Science Fairs: How To Maximize Benefits To Students And Minimize Burden To Teachers, Patricia H. Wartinger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Independent student science research projects are an invaluable component of secondary school level science. Often students do science projects which will be exhibited in a science fair. There is much discussion in the literature of pros and cons of science fairs. There is also much consensus on the value of long term independent student science research projects.

The purpose of this investigation is to focus on how long term student science research projects are conducted at several local schools, to review the purposes and problems involved in science fairs, and to collect techniques and methods for easing the burden on ...


The Effect Of Implementing The Cognitive Strategy Of Reciprocal Teaching To Facilitate Student Comprehension, Susan M. Hasenauer Aug 1999

The Effect Of Implementing The Cognitive Strategy Of Reciprocal Teaching To Facilitate Student Comprehension, Susan M. Hasenauer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of using a particular cognitive strategy, reciprocal teaching, to foster comprehension in comparison to direct instruction.

Twenty six above average sixth graders between the ages of eleven and twelve from an upstate urban New York school participated in this study. The study involved randomly separating the 26 students into two groups. Both groups examined the same segment of content area text, however, the material was presented differently. The control group was taught by direct instruction and the experimental group used a strategy called reciprocal teaching. A multiple choice test with a short ...


Inclusion Or Self-Contained Reading: Where Do Learning Disabled Students Learn Better?, Kristin Lynne Mcadoo Aug 1999

Inclusion Or Self-Contained Reading: Where Do Learning Disabled Students Learn Better?, Kristin Lynne Mcadoo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine in which type of classroom learning disabled students are more successful at learning to read. Some school districts believe that total inclusion is better for special education children's learning, while others believe that reading should be taught to students classified as learning disabled in self-contained classrooms.

The subjects involved in this study were twelve sixth grade learning disabled students in a rural Orleans County school district. These twelve students included all sixth grade learning disabled students enrolled in the district for the duration of the study. Six students, along with thirteen ...


A Study Into The Effects Of A Reading Intramurals Program On Students' Attitudes Toward Reading, Michelle J. Goodwin Aug 1999

A Study Into The Effects Of A Reading Intramurals Program On Students' Attitudes Toward Reading, Michelle J. Goodwin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not an after school Reading Intramurals program positively affected students' interest and attitude toward reading. The subjects of this study consisted of an experimental group of third and fourth grade students who participated in the Reading Intramurals program and a control group of third and fourth grade students who did not participate in the program.

The Elementary Reading Attitude Survey was used to determine the reading attitudes of the students in the experimental group and in the control group. An independent t test was first used to compare the mean ...


First Steps Professional Development: Its Effects On Teachers’ Ability To Understand And To Implement First Steps In Their Classrooms, Amy Kleemann-Wilson Aug 1999

First Steps Professional Development: Its Effects On Teachers’ Ability To Understand And To Implement First Steps In Their Classrooms, Amy Kleemann-Wilson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to document and to determine how First Steps professional development was helpful to teachers in their understanding of First Steps. This study also examined how First Steps professional development has impacted the ability of teachers to implement First Steps in their classrooms and incorporate First Steps strategies in their teaching. Furthermore, this study provided suggestions for how to further support teachers in their understanding and ability to implement First Steps.

The subjects of this study included a variety of teachers from grade levels ranging from kindergarten through fifth grade. The subjects also included special ...


An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Fourth Grade Degrees Of Reading Power Achievement And The Fourth Grade New York State English Language Arts Assessment Achievement, Julie L. Wells Aug 1999

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Fourth Grade Degrees Of Reading Power Achievement And The Fourth Grade New York State English Language Arts Assessment Achievement, Julie L. Wells

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a statistically significant relationship in achievement between the traditional standardized fourth grade DRP reading test and the NYS English Language Arts Fourth Grade assessment.

Academic standardized testing is becoming more performance based and is letting go of the traditional multiple choice assessment. New York State has adopted 28 learning standards for seven of the content areas. The language arts content area has four learning standards that have a great emphasis on higher level thinking and processing skills.

To be able to assess the students properly, the state has developed ...


Elementary Students’ Perceptions Of Mathematics When Multiple Intelligences Are Used In Mathematics Instruction, Cassandra Witkowski Jul 1999

Elementary Students’ Perceptions Of Mathematics When Multiple Intelligences Are Used In Mathematics Instruction, Cassandra Witkowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores whether student’s perceptions of mathematics change when multiple intelligences are utilized during the learning process. The project looks at seven domains of intelligence proposed by Howard Gardner including linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal.

The active research was conducted over 11 days in a math class of 20 fifth grade students, 70% black, 15% white, and 15% Hispanic with mathematical abilities ranging from low to average. The students studied geometry in ways that implemented all seven domains. Data points included in the evaluation were: a pretest, a multiple intelligence survey, teacher notes on student ...


A Study On The Effect Of Two Word Wall Formats On The Decoding Abilities Of Second Grade Students, Lucinda Struthers Haag Jul 1999

A Study On The Effect Of Two Word Wall Formats On The Decoding Abilities Of Second Grade Students, Lucinda Struthers Haag

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose for the study was to determine the effects of two different formats of a classroom word wall (Alphabetical Format, AF, and Rime Format, RF) on one aspect of phonic decoding, namely, decoding by analogy. The subjects were 41 second grade students in two separate classes of a suburban school district. An alphabetical format word wall was placed in each classroom with no specific instructions to the teacher other than to introduce words as usual and then place them in the appropriate place on the word wall. After three weeks, the subjects were informally tested for decoding by analogy ...


Silent And Oral Reading Comprehension Abilities Of Second Grade Students Completing The Second S.T.E.P. Program, Lockley T. Platt May 1999

Silent And Oral Reading Comprehension Abilities Of Second Grade Students Completing The Second S.T.E.P. Program, Lockley T. Platt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study focused on the silent and oral reading abilities of second grade students completing the Second S.T.E.P. Program. There were approximately seven second-grade students that participated. All 7 of the students are presently attending an elementary school located in western New York.

The research questions concentrated on were:

1. Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean score of the pretest and the mean score of the posttest for unprompted memory, unprepared reading?

2. Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean score of the pretest and the mean score of the posttest for ...


Incidental Learning From Visual Displays Among Fourth Grade Students, Jody L. Melnyk May 1999

Incidental Learning From Visual Displays Among Fourth Grade Students, Jody L. Melnyk

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to find out whether fourth grade students can recall information from untaught visual displays. One hundred and forty three students in six different classrooms were given a pretest on the names of the three branches of government and the main task of each. The three week treatment was comprised of a poster with pictures and print displayed prominently on the walls. At the end of the treatment, the pretest was re-administered as a posttest. A t-test indicated that the students exhibited a significant growth in the amount of information they know. They recalled information ...


An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Participation In High School Athletics And Academic Achievement, Sandra J. Train May 1999

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Participation In High School Athletics And Academic Achievement, Sandra J. Train

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a statistically significant difference between high school students' classroom academic achievement during a season of participation in a high school sport and a season on non-participation. Also, it was set up to determine if students are aware of any benefits or limitations on their academic performance while participating in a sport.

Thirty high school students were randomly chosen from a list of students who participate in a fall sport and not in a winter sport. All of these students attended a suburban high school in Monroe County. Seventy four ...


A Study Of The Effect Of A Reading Comprehension Strategy On High School Students With Learning Disabilities, Jennifer Blanchard May 1999

A Study Of The Effect Of A Reading Comprehension Strategy On High School Students With Learning Disabilities, Jennifer Blanchard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a particular text explicit comprehension strategy called, "stop and think." The strategy taught students to pause briefly while reading to note in their own words what has happened so far in the reading before they continue. This technique is intended to help students to self-monitor their own comprehension and to determine if they need to re-read. Students in a control group and an experimental group were used for the study. Both groups consisted often ninth-grade students with learning disabilities enrolled in a suburban high school.

Students in the experimental group were all participants in ...


A Study Of The Vocabulary Growth Made By Intermediate Students With Learning Disabilities When Exposed To Repeated Readings, Leighann Boettger May 1999

A Study Of The Vocabulary Growth Made By Intermediate Students With Learning Disabilities When Exposed To Repeated Readings, Leighann Boettger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For years researchers and educators alike have been looking for successful methods of phonics instruction for students with disabilities. All too often, students with learning disabilities struggle with word attack and focus on the method in isolation, often omitting the other mutually important aspects of reading such as fluency and comprehension. In addition, students with disabilities have not been successful at sounding out multi-syllabic words as a result of their phonetic usage deficits. The purpose of this study was to determine if the method of repeated readings helps students with learning disabilities to develop secondary phonological awareness skills and thus ...


The Effect Of Graphic Organizers On The Writing Of Students In A Second Grade Classroom, Eric L. Daniels May 1999

The Effect Of Graphic Organizers On The Writing Of Students In A Second Grade Classroom, Eric L. Daniels

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to investigate the effect of the use of graphic organizers on the complexity of second grade students' writing.

Twenty-two second grade students between the ages of seven and eight from a rural western New York school district participated in this study. The study involved having each student compose two separate writing samples that were then analyzed to determine their grade level complexity.

A counterbalance design was used. On the first writing sample twelve randomly selected students wrote stories using a graphic organizer while eleven did not. On the second writing sample the student groups were switched ...


The Effects Of An Academic Incentive Program On Sixth Grade Students' Attitudes Toward Reading, Lorie A. Donovan May 1999

The Effects Of An Academic Incentive Program On Sixth Grade Students' Attitudes Toward Reading, Lorie A. Donovan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the academic incentive program, ''Book-It," which advocates the use of pizza as an extrinsic reward for reading, would improve the reading attitudes of sixth grade students. In addition, due to the fact that the ''Book-It" program is voluntary, it was beneficial to note if a significant number of readers with poor attitudes participated, or were the majority of participants those students already possessing positive attitudes toward reading.

The subjects were one hundred thirty-seven urban, heterogeneously grouped sixth grade students from separate middle schools. The students' ages ranged from 11-13. There were ...


The Effects Of Using The Neurological Impress Method On Four Learning Disabled Students, Leslie J. Piedmonte May 1999

The Effects Of Using The Neurological Impress Method On Four Learning Disabled Students, Leslie J. Piedmonte

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to look at the effects of using the Neurological Impress Method to improve reading fluency and word accuracy in four learning disabled fourth graders from a rural school district in Western New York. All of the subjects were recommended for primary instruction in reading by their previous year's special education teacher. Two of the four subjects had expressive language difficulties and were receiving speech services three times per week. Subjects self-selected books based on their reading interests. Each child participated in over 40 sessions with the researcher in a one-to-one format, five days ...


Integrating Drama And Music Into The Language Arts Curriculum: Its Effects On Student Self-Perception And Achievement, Cristin L. Winegard Apr 1999

Integrating Drama And Music Into The Language Arts Curriculum: Its Effects On Student Self-Perception And Achievement, Cristin L. Winegard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This researcher tested the effects that drama and music had on students within the language arts. Research participants included 19 fourth grade students randomly chosen from three language arts classes. For the three week duration of the study, classroom lessons included activities for singing, acting, improvisation, song writing, and games. The participants took a self-perception survey before and after the study. A second assessment tested students’ skills inventory, asking questions already covered in previous lessons. At the end of the study students were again tested. Results show that there was a significant increase in attention to classroom activity, self-esteem, and ...


A Study Of The Use Of Multicultural Literature In The Elementary Classroom, Felice A. Ward Apr 1999

A Study Of The Use Of Multicultural Literature In The Elementary Classroom, Felice A. Ward

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The first purpose of this study was to find out how teachers at the elementary level in suburban and urban schools implement multicultural literature • into their classrooms. The second purpose was to find out where these teachers received instructional training on how to use multicultural literature in the classroom.

Today's classrooms are more culturally diverse than ever. It is important for teachers to be able to teach students from all ethnic backgrounds. Using multicultural literature can be a way to address diversity in the classroom.

Three Monroe County elementary schools are included in this study. Two of the schools ...


Taking A Second Look At First Impressions That Kindergarten Teachers Have Of Their Students, Kiera Hubbard Mar 1999

Taking A Second Look At First Impressions That Kindergarten Teachers Have Of Their Students, Kiera Hubbard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study attempted to determine whether there was a statistically significant difference between first impression scores of Kindergarten students and scores after time. To achieve this purpose, a teacher survey was administered to fifteen Kindergarten teachers. During the first week of school, the teachers were asked to rate five or their students on 18 different characteristics on a scale of 1-5. These characteristics included attitude, social interaction, respect for adults, maturity, independence, behavior, curiosity, risk-taking, creativity, enjoyment of literature, concept of print, understanding of math concepts, memory, academic ability, oral language, physical fitness, fine-motor skills, and socio-economic status. After eight ...


A Study On Behavioral Objectives: Do They Affect Learning?, Kenneth Warren Jan 1999

A Study On Behavioral Objectives: Do They Affect Learning?, Kenneth Warren

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

During the past thirty years a great deal of research has been performed focusing on improving the techniques of teaching. The research has concentrated on subjects like objectives, learning styles, cognitive development, cooperative learning, and discovery learning. Considering all the research, no matter what technique an instructor subscribes to, their lessons should always be built around a behavioral objective. Every instructor has a purpose to her lesson. One of the focal points of this research is the use and functions of behavioral objectives. Can behavioral objectives be used by students to enhance learning and prepare for assessment? Much of the ...