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Full-Text Articles in Education

Exploring Urban Student Perspectives On Literacy Achievement, Cara Accorso May 2016

Exploring Urban Student Perspectives On Literacy Achievement, Cara Accorso

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores urban adolescent students’ perspectives on their literacy achievement. It discusses the factors students feel impact their achievement in literacy, as well as what challenges they face in reaching academic achievement. This study also explores the reasons for students’ academic challenges and successes, how students feel about statistics about themselves, and what teachers can do to help students become the best literacy learners they can be. A vast amount of research in the field discusses external factors that influence a student’s literacy achievement, generally focusing on a deficit perspective. Previous research has also been done on ...


Finding The Most Meaningful Forms Of Parental Involvement: A Synthesis Of Meta-Analyses, Sarah Lawson Dec 2015

Finding The Most Meaningful Forms Of Parental Involvement: A Synthesis Of Meta-Analyses, Sarah Lawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Definitions of ‘parental involvement’ and ‘school achievement’ confusingly differ. While some researchers use specific terms and definitions, others use a broad and open analysis of the terms. Although research suggests that parental involvement (PI) significantly influences children’s school achievement, it is important to understand which aspects of PI prove most critical. Accordingly, in this meta- synthesis, I offer research conducted within the last five, an in depth and up-to-date understanding of how parents can be involved in their children’s education in ways that most favorably impact their children’s school achievement.

The following themes emerged from this synthesis ...


Background Classical Music In A First Grade Writer's Workshop, Ann Marie Koukides Aug 2009

Background Classical Music In A First Grade Writer's Workshop, Ann Marie Koukides

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Diverse disciplines claim music as inspiration and muse for great discovery and creativity. From Albert Einstein to Charles Schultz, they praise music for its ability to stir imaginative thought. The impetus for this research project was the desire for a better balanced literacy program. The study sought a greater understanding of the relationship between classical music played in the background of learning settings and successful writing and learning-focused behavior. The purpose then was to examine the impact of music on three components of a first grade writing workshop learning environment – engagement, motivation, and behavior. For the purposes of this study ...


Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau Dec 2007

Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Writing is a multiple step process that requires the integration of pre-writing, drafting, revising, and editing that later culminates in a written piece. Writing, for the Limited English Proficient student, can be a demanding task. They must balance their native language skills with English literacy and competencies in knowledge and content areas. The task is complicated by the fact that each content area has its own set of terminology/vocabulary, writing conventions, and critical thinking skills. Additionally, many refugee students fall under this category and have significant gaps in their educational backgrounds, lack knowledge in specific subject areas, and often ...


Incorporating Self-Directed Learning Practices Into An Elementary Classroom, Charles E. Conway Iii Aug 2007

Incorporating Self-Directed Learning Practices Into An Elementary Classroom, Charles E. Conway Iii

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The current focus of many school districts has been to teach students the skills and abilities that will be necessary to become successful individuals in a constantly changing, global environment. As many districts recognize the importance of incorporating more than content and knowledge in their curriculum, they are actively pursuing the intersection of creating life-long learners with current educational requirements and reforms. This means districts are attempting to create adults that are prepared with the ability to learn beyond the settings of the classroom. The goal of every educator, from teacher to superintendent to school board member, is the development ...


Bridging The School-Community Gap, Jennifer Dawson Apr 2007

Bridging The School-Community Gap, Jennifer Dawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Current studies note that inner city youth face challenging issues which include - violence, drugs, death, poverty, crime, teenage pregnancy, and homelessness. Under these very real circumstances, the value of connecting the school and the community to support and develop urban or at-risk students is inestimable. This thesis project examines what community services are available to urban students and their families, and the best means to make them aware of and participate in these services. It argues the theory that students need to be engaged in positive relationships and experiences both in school and in the community. The literature review explores ...


Constructivism In A Primary Math Setting, Sarah Connors Apr 2007

Constructivism In A Primary Math Setting, Sarah Connors

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Children learn by exploring and discovering. Constructivism, while not a teaching practice, is considered a theory about learning and knowledge that finds its roots in part from Piaget’s developmental stages theory and Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development concept. This qualitative research project explores what happens when constructivist principles form the basis for mathematics instruction in a primary classroom. Additional questions that were considered included: How do first grade math journals guide students to deeper understandings of math concepts? What teaching strategies are useful in scaffolding students' meaning-making as they use math journals? In what ways might teaching practices ...


The Effect Of Teacher Support On Students From Divorced Families, Jamie Kraemer Anderson Dec 2006

The Effect Of Teacher Support On Students From Divorced Families, Jamie Kraemer Anderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Statistics reveal divorce as a pervasive and real aspect of modern American society. As a result of the steady divorce rates, the implications for the classroom are far-reaching. While educators cannot resolve the challenge of divorce for students within a given classroom, a concerted effort to assist and understand the educator’s role and influence will better equip teacher’s to best meet the interests of their students. This research project addresses the potential effect of divorce on students. In order for teachers to best serve in a supportive role for their students experiencing the social, emotional, and academic impact ...


Using Formative Assessment To Increase Learning Of Biochemistry In High School Biology, Sheri P. Backus Aug 2006

Using Formative Assessment To Increase Learning Of Biochemistry In High School Biology, Sheri P. Backus

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper reports the outcome of a research project in regards to a biochemistry unit performed in a high school biology cooperative teaching classroom. As a result of difficulties with this topic in previous semesters, the author decided to use a variety of formative assessment teaching strategies with the intent of seeing if student learning, through active participation, would be enhanced. Along with increasing understanding, it was hoped these different assessment tools would improve the success rate of lower achieving students on the unit exam. The findings show that the use of graphic organizers, reflective journals, cooperative groups and open-book ...


Morning Meetings Used As A Strategy For Maintaining A Positive Learning Environment In An Urban Fifth Grade Classroom, Deanne M. Sittler Aug 2006

Morning Meetings Used As A Strategy For Maintaining A Positive Learning Environment In An Urban Fifth Grade Classroom, Deanne M. Sittler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an attempt to answer the question: Are Morning Meetings an effective strategy for maintaining a positive learning environment in an urban fifth grade class room? The researcher collected baseline data from 20 students in an urban fifth grade class room in Rochester, New York to find out whether the implementation of Morning Meetings decreased negative actions and behaviors and improved the overall learning environment for fifth grade students. Research was conducted to monitor the influence of Morning Meetings on the actions and behaviors often students with the highest frequency of targeted negative actions and behaviors ...


Brain Gym, Elizabeth Anne Ramsperger Aug 2006

Brain Gym, Elizabeth Anne Ramsperger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study sought to determine the potential impact a program of exercises known as Brain Gym has on students' attention and ability to focus and retain information. Brain Gym consists of a serious of physical activities that could possibly enhance learning ability. The research was conducted in an urban elementary school before math time. An entire first grade classroom was introduced to Brain Gym and the entire class participated in Brain Gym activities before math began. Specifically, six students' behaviors and achievements were observed and recorded to help determine if Brain Gym had an impact. Various research methods were utilized ...


Bridging The Gap In Physics Education, Aaron Harrington Aug 2006

Bridging The Gap In Physics Education, Aaron Harrington

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past few years there has been a growing interest in the possible benefits of computer simulations in physics education. However, very little research has been conducted on how computer simulations can actually be integrated into a physics program (Zacharia & Anderson, 2003). This research investigated the effects of computer simulations on the development of accurate mental models when used in conjunction with traditional laboratory-based experiments. Since laboratory experiments can often have results that are very difficult to observe, these results only become evident to the trained eye of an expert. Computer simulations are able to present phenomena free of ...


The Impact Of Student Attitudes About Reading On Reading Progress, Nadine Rose Avallone Jul 2005

The Impact Of Student Attitudes About Reading On Reading Progress, Nadine Rose Avallone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked to examine the impact of students' attitudes toward reading and their reading progress. The study targeted fourth grade students in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The research examined the impact of students' attitudes toward reading and their ability to read, characteristics of good and struggling readers and the impact of parental involvement on student attitudes toward reading. Data was collected through analysis of surveys, weekly quizzes, homework assignments, and book logs given to students and surveys given to parents. As children grow and develop throughout elementary school, they may encounter some barriers that alter ...


Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen May 2004

Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers could be referring students based on where the student lives or what background he or she comes from rather than on educational needs. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the biases and experiences of elementary teachers affect whom they refer or whom they do not refer for special education. All of the subjects in this study are teachers from a small suburban school district in Western New York. According to the findings of this study, teachers tended to refer the male student with behavior problems more often than the students with severe academic needs. Teachers in ...


The Effectiveness Of Teaching Romeo And Juliet To Ninth Graders First From An Aesthetic Stance And Then From An Efferent Stance, Kevin P. Delehanty May 2003

The Effectiveness Of Teaching Romeo And Juliet To Ninth Graders First From An Aesthetic Stance And Then From An Efferent Stance, Kevin P. Delehanty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet first from a predominately aesthetic stance and then from a predominately efferent stance. The subjects were eighteen ninth-grade students from a co-ed, heterogenous, rural high school. Two assessments for each stance were given and analyzed, as well as post-talk interviews completed by fifteen of the subjects. The results proved to me what the research emphasized, namely, with fiction, approach the piece first from an aesthetic stance, and then go back and analyze it in an efferent manner if needed. Such a method ...


Using Music Therapy To Enhance Social, Speech And Language Skills In One Five Year Old Child With Autism: A Case Study, Donna G. Head May 2002

Using Music Therapy To Enhance Social, Speech And Language Skills In One Five Year Old Child With Autism: A Case Study, Donna G. Head

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This descriptive case study examined the effects of using music therapy to enhance engagement, social, and early literacy skills in one 5-year-old boy diagnosed with autism. Video and audiotapes of music therapy sessions, progress notes and reports, and interviews with the boy's parents, special education teacher, and music therapist were qualitatively analyzed for this study. Instructional implications of this study include the recommendation that music therapy services, when used in conjunction with the educational program of autistic children, can be beneficial in helping to facilitate engagement and early literacy goals and objectives. Recommendations for future research in this area ...


Developmental Spelling Analysis And Word Study: An Alternative To Traditional Spelling Programs, Stephanie Clearwater-Harney Mar 2002

Developmental Spelling Analysis And Word Study: An Alternative To Traditional Spelling Programs, Stephanie Clearwater-Harney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of a developmental spelling program utilizing word study as the primary mode of spelling instruction versus a homogeneously based traditional spelling program. Twenty-eight first grade students were administered a developmental spelling inventory to determine their stage of orthographic development. The stages were Preliterate Stage, Early Letter Name stage, Letter Name stage, or Within Word Pattern Stage. Fourteen students in the control group received spelling instruction in a whole group setting from their classroom teacher. A traditional spelling program including weekly spelling lists was utilized. A word study based program ...


The Writing Sample And The General Education Development Examination: A New York State Attempt, Kathleen A. Reeves Jul 1986

The Writing Sample And The General Education Development Examination: A New York State Attempt, Kathleen A. Reeves

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis will provide information and assistance to High School Equivalency (HSE) instructors who work with out-of-school youths and adults, preparing them to pass the New York State HSE exam. Specifically, this paper will: review the development of the

General Education Development (GED) examination nationally; research the reasons why a writing sample will be required of New York State exam candidates as of July, 1986 (and should be required of exam candidates generally); illustrate the steps of the composing process; suggest ways that an instructor, perhaps unfamiliar with the teaching of writing, may help students learn the composing process and ...


Procedures Used In Planning And Construction Of New Elementary School #2, City School District Of Rochester, Robert F. Humphrey Jun 1962

Procedures Used In Planning And Construction Of New Elementary School #2, City School District Of Rochester, Robert F. Humphrey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper investigates the planning and construction of Clara Barton School #2, in the Rochester City school district. First, the author examines the factors contributing to the need for a new school facility, as well as its specific design requirements. The author then recounts the multi-step process the city engaged in to acquire the property and begin construction, as well as their hiring of new personnel. Appendices include, student population statistics, planning sheets and chronological record of planning and construction, as well as relevant communications and newspaper articles.


Classroom Interruptions In The Elementary Schools, John L. Sage Jun 1962

Classroom Interruptions In The Elementary Schools, John L. Sage

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper examines the nature and effect of classroom interruptions. The researcher created and distributed an exploratory survey to teachers at a Rochester city school regarding the nature of classroom interruptions and methods used in dealing with them. The author then used this data to create a more extensive survey examining types, frequency, and number of classroom interruptions. This latter survey was distributed to a cross-section of elementary school teachers from seven graduate Education classes at the College at Brockport during the 1962 Spring semester. The researcher found that the most common reason for classroom interruption was individual music lessons ...


A Study Of The Public School Problem: “Where Does Policy Making End And Administration Begin?”, John G. Lindberg May 1962

A Study Of The Public School Problem: “Where Does Policy Making End And Administration Begin?”, John G. Lindberg

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Local school board members and administrators are the people who have the greatest impact on their local school programs, yet few citizens understand the responsibilities and boundaries of these positions. In this paper, the author asserts that a school’s future is not determined by state/federal educational policy as much as it is by the attitudes its board members have toward one another, as well as toward their administrators. The author attempts to understand the divide between Brockport Central School board members and school administrators during the formulation and execution of existing school policy. The researcher obtained initial data ...


Handbook For Student-Teachers : Abraham Lincoln School : East Irondequoit Central School District #1, Robert H. Gefell Jan 1962

Handbook For Student-Teachers : Abraham Lincoln School : East Irondequoit Central School District #1, Robert H. Gefell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This booklet is directed to you who are about to embark on a career of teaching children. It is intended to help you in your work as a student teacher at Abraham Lincoln School, East Irondequoit Central School District #1. The task of any teacher is to provide situations in which pupils can acquire maximum growth. It is the author's hope that this guide will help you to arrange such conditions early in your student teaching assignment.


The Planning And Adoption Of A Merit Program For The Rush-Henrietta Central School, Donovan A. Shilling Jun 1960

The Planning And Adoption Of A Merit Program For The Rush-Henrietta Central School, Donovan A. Shilling

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper outlines the planning and implementation of a merit-based evaluation program for the teachers at Rush-Henrietta Central School. Details include a history of teacher evaluation at Rush-Henrietta, committee formation, program chronology, and arguments opposed to the merit program. The author discusses the difficulties of defining merit-based evaluation and suggests a number of situations in which teachers may demonstrate merit, including in-service training, curriculum planning, and further education. He also presents alternatives to simplistic checklist evaluation. Appendices include news articles regarding teacher salaries, teacher salary schedules and promotion requirements, and assorted teacher evaluation forms.


A Survey Of Transportation And A Bus Scheduling Proposal For The Hilton Central School District 1959-1960, Salvatore Catalino Jun 1960

A Survey Of Transportation And A Bus Scheduling Proposal For The Hilton Central School District 1959-1960, Salvatore Catalino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The problem of this research project is to examine the present transportation program in the Hilton Central School District. The objectives of this research will be: (1) To determine the transportation needs of the District; (2) To obtain the existing transportation data; ( 3 ) To prepare a. practical end effective schedule; (4) To organize the present three trip system into a two trip system.


A Study Of The Principles And Methods Of Educational Finance As They Pertain To Greece Central School District #1, George A. Vito May 1960

A Study Of The Principles And Methods Of Educational Finance As They Pertain To Greece Central School District #1, George A. Vito

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The question on how to properly finance public schools is an important one. In this study, the author explains the methods used in the State of New York. The Town of Greece is used to illustrate how these methods are used in a real life example.

The revenue used for education comes from multiple sources including state aid, cafeterias, property taxes, and miscellaneous. Originally, state aid would compensate for all financial needs not met. This meant that a rich community could pay less and receive more state aid than a poor community. The original program didn’t give communities an ...


A Determination Of The Custodial Services Required To Maintain And Operate The Watkins Glen Central Schools, David E. Ruggles Aug 1959

A Determination Of The Custodial Services Required To Maintain And Operate The Watkins Glen Central Schools, David E. Ruggles

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Maintenance and custodial staff contribute to education by optimizing the comfort of the learning environment. This paper analyzes the custodial services required to run a central New York public school in order to determine the true scope of its necessary resources. The author considers a number of estimating models, including Steen’s Method and Fildes’ Method, and uses Pyoski’s Method to determine the school’s custodial requirements. The author determines that the Watkins Glen school system does not have adequate staff to care for its grounds. He suggests expanding the staff, and he offers suggestions about how to best ...


An Inquiry Into Fundamental Qualifications For School Administration And A Survey Of The Male Graduates Class Of 1949 Brockport State Teachers College, Archie E. Freitas Jun 1959

An Inquiry Into Fundamental Qualifications For School Administration And A Survey Of The Male Graduates Class Of 1949 Brockport State Teachers College, Archie E. Freitas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The author discusses the importance of qualified administration in the public school system given the impact of the public school system on American life and culture. First, the author explores the role of elementary school administrators, as well as the core competencies administrators need to effectively perform critical tasks. Then, the author discusses personal qualifications that allow administrators to maximize their managerial impact, as well as the positive impact of job-specific training/education/professional preparation on administrative performance. The paper concludes with the results from a survey of male teaching graduates investigating their career paths since graduation, including graduate education ...


The Development, Analysis And Appraisal Of Procedures Employed At The Various Stages Of Budget Formation In The Area Of Instructional Materials In The Penn Yan Central School System, Lawrence D. Paul Jun 1959

The Development, Analysis And Appraisal Of Procedures Employed At The Various Stages Of Budget Formation In The Area Of Instructional Materials In The Penn Yan Central School System, Lawrence D. Paul

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A solid education is the foundation of a successful society. Because of this, it is vital that the various components of the educational system undergo continuous analysis, in order to ensure their effectiveness and constant improvement. In this paper, the author examines and analyzes the process used to form the Penn Yan Central School system budget. First he examines the major areas of expense incurred by the school, including textbook materials, supplies, and other expenses of instruction. Then he describes the responsibilities/functions of the chief administrator in this process, and compares Penn Yan’s procedures to that of other ...


Survey Of Existing And Proposed Methods Of Teacher Recruitment And Selection And Their Effect On The Current Teacher Shortage, David E. Day Jun 1958

Survey Of Existing And Proposed Methods Of Teacher Recruitment And Selection And Their Effect On The Current Teacher Shortage, David E. Day

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper discusses the importance of education in modern society and explores the post-WWII factors negatively affecting teacher recruitment. The author analyzes teacher recruitment and retention methods through interviews and surveys. Results indicate that pay, coupled society’s negative attitudes toward teaching, prevent qualified young people from seeing teaching as a legitimate, desirable profession. The author draws particular attention to schools’ inconsistent attitudes towards recruitment strategies and the teacher selection process. The author presents several possible methods for teacher selection, including soliciting group/staff input and establishing a hiring committee.


The Administration Of Supervision Practices And Teacher Reaction To Them, Robert De Masi May 1958

The Administration Of Supervision Practices And Teacher Reaction To Them, Robert De Masi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this study, the author explores the supervisory approaches of a school’s administrators to determine whether hybridized approaches may increase managerial effectiveness. The author begins by separating administrator’s approaches into three general categories: the democratic approach, the dictatorial approach, and the laissez faire approach. He then uses survey methods to explore teachers’ perceptions of their supervisors’ use of these approaches. The author presents his subjects with thirteen scenarios describing various supervisory methods and asks them to generally respond or choose to leave their answer blank. The author found that his subjects strongly preferred democratic supervisory methods to the ...