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Full-Text Articles in Education

Effects Of Community College Administrative Budgetary Decisions Upon Continuing Education Students’ Perceptions, Drew William Allbritten Dec 1982

Effects Of Community College Administrative Budgetary Decisions Upon Continuing Education Students’ Perceptions, Drew William Allbritten

Dissertations

Purpose. This descriptive study examined the effect of administrative budgetary decisions for selected institutional services and personnel upon certain perceptions of continuing education students attending Grand Rapids Junior College.

Procedure. The researcher designed an assessment process and instrument to measure students' perceptions of accessibility toward selected institutional services and personnel. The assessment was conducted in the spring of 1981. The instrument was distributed to 4,459 students, 1,804 (40.5%) assessment instruments were returned, and 1,791 were determined to be usable. Statistical treatment of the data included the use of three nonparametric tests: chi-square, contingency coefficient, and cumulative ...


Quantity-Comparative Expression In Young Children: An Analysis Of Responsive And Productive Language, Sandra-Rae Howe Dec 1982

Quantity-Comparative Expression In Young Children: An Analysis Of Responsive And Productive Language, Sandra-Rae Howe

Dissertations

When used in mathematics instruction, quantity-comparative language has specific meaning which may be confusing or unfamiliar to young children. Because of the importance of language to the development and measurement of understanding of math concepts, the purpose of this study was to examine the abilities of young children to produce and to understand quantity-comparative descriptions.

Ninety-seven five-year-olds, selected by a stratified random sampling of children in early childhood facilities, were interviewed individually. Each interview consisted of an introductory activity, a productive language assessment (to elicit, in the subject's own language, descriptions of quantity comparisons), and a responsive language assessment ...


A Correlation Study Of Financial Planning Process Characteristics And Administrators' Perceptions Of Process Worth, Congruence, And Change In Selected Michigan Private Colleges, Gary Hammerberg Dec 1982

A Correlation Study Of Financial Planning Process Characteristics And Administrators' Perceptions Of Process Worth, Congruence, And Change In Selected Michigan Private Colleges, Gary Hammerberg

Dissertations

The need to study financial planning processes in institutions of higher education is demonstrated by the lack of information in the literature regarding perceptions of financial planning processes. During the current period of stress on educational institutions, an effective and efficient financial planning process can only be considered a benefit to the institution it serves.

Consequently, this investigation attempted to describe current financial planning prcesses in a selected number of private colleges within Michigan and to evaluate their financial planning processes as perceived by their administrators. This was done by identifying attitudes regarding the worth (effectiveness and efficiency), change dimension ...


The Investigation Of Middle Managers’ Perceptions Concerning Factors And Conditions Necessary To Implement And Adapt Career Development Systems To Their Organizations, Gail A. Ganakas Dec 1982

The Investigation Of Middle Managers’ Perceptions Concerning Factors And Conditions Necessary To Implement And Adapt Career Development Systems To Their Organizations, Gail A. Ganakas

Dissertations

This study investigated middle managers' perceptions concerning factors and conditions necessary to implement and adapt a career development system within an organization. More specifically, this study drew implications regarding the vital role played by middle managers in the initiation, implementation, and adaptation of a career development system in a large industrial organization.

Five research questions dealing with the role of middle managers in implementation of career development systems were investigated by means of an interview schedule developed by the researcher adapted from instruments developed by the American Management Association (Walker & Gutteridge, 1979) and Burack and Mathys (1980). The survey instrument ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Role Of The Academic Department Chairperson, Stanley Lawrence Coleman Dec 1982

A Comparative Analysis Of The Role Of The Academic Department Chairperson, Stanley Lawrence Coleman

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of collective bargaining and the incumbent's bargaining unit affiliation on the role of the academic department chairperson.

A questionnaire, designed to measure perceptions of the chairperson's role, was administered to a sample of 148 chairpersons from 10 mid-sized public institutions. Using the data contained in the returned questionnaires, comparisons were made between chairpersons' responses--grouped according to their inclusion in or exclusion from their faculties' collective bargaining unit affiliation on three aspects of the chairperson's role. These three aspects, and the data analysis procedures employed to evaluate them ...


The Student Services Needs Of Adult Evening Students, Louis Edward Bednar Dec 1982

The Student Services Needs Of Adult Evening Students, Louis Edward Bednar

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the student services needs of the adult evening students on regional campuses in the Purdue University and Indiana University regional campus systems. After reviewing current literature, a sample of part-time adult evening students from two of the campuses and a sample of student services professionals from all of the regional campuses in the two systems were surveyed.

The study samples were selected from the population of students who were twenty-five years of age or older and who enrolled in courses which met after 5 p.m. during the fall semester of 1980 ...


A Study To Determine The Relationship Between The Amount Of Innovation Present In An Organization And The Governance Structure Of The Organization, Patricia M. Bauhs Dec 1982

A Study To Determine The Relationship Between The Amount Of Innovation Present In An Organization And The Governance Structure Of The Organization, Patricia M. Bauhs

Dissertations

As higher education administrators examine the applicability of management principles to education, the management of innovation comes into focus. This study was concentrated on the relationship between concern for innovation and other variables, namely: "Institutional Esprit," "Meeting Local Needs," "Self-Study and Planning," "Democratic Governance," and organization size. Relationships examined were based on perceptions of two groups--faculty and administrators--compared over a 12-year time period divided into two discrete, 6-year periods.

Ex post facto data from six systems (public universities, private universities, liberal arts colleges, state four-year colleges, community colleges, and private junior colleges) were purchased from the Educational Testing Service. Data ...


Leadership Styles In Educational Leader Positions: An Investigation Of Some Common Factors In Socialization And Employment Environment Conditions, Gerald E. Lohr Dec 1982

Leadership Styles In Educational Leader Positions: An Investigation Of Some Common Factors In Socialization And Employment Environment Conditions, Gerald E. Lohr

Dissertations

This study examined the leadership styles exhibited by Michigan school superintendents in relation to school district size, birth order, family size, marital status, time served as a teacher before becoming a superintendent, and time served as a superintendent. The subject population consisted of 530 superintendents from which 363 were selected at random. A questionnaire was sent to the random sample with a 65% return. The questionnaire utilized the LBDQ FORM-XII to ascertain the self-perceived leadership styles of these superintendents. The aforementioned other sociological factors were determined by question. No support was found for the existence of any of the relationships ...


The Development And Assessment Of Instructional Materials For The Teaching Of Leadership Skills To Second Grade Students In Selected Public Schools, Sharon Rose Lockett Dec 1982

The Development And Assessment Of Instructional Materials For The Teaching Of Leadership Skills To Second Grade Students In Selected Public Schools, Sharon Rose Lockett

Dissertations

The major focus of this study was the development, use and assessment of instructional materials for teaching leadership awareness to second grade children. The purposes of the study were (1) to determine if there is a need for instructional materials to teach leadership awareness, (2) to determine how teachers and experts would use instructional materials, and (3) to determine the opinions of teachers about the Leadership is Vital to Education (L.I.V.E.) Series developed in this study. The materials in this study were evaluated as an instructional method which could be used to (1) develop in students an ...


A Needs Analysis Study For The Establishment Of A Community College Educational System In The United Arab Emirates, Hussain M. Joma Dec 1982

A Needs Analysis Study For The Establishment Of A Community College Educational System In The United Arab Emirates, Hussain M. Joma

Dissertations

Although the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) survived for nearly a decade, its future is far from secure. Among the most immediate and pressing of the U.A.E.'s problems are those of manpower and trained personnel in technical and middle management.

The purpose of this study was to conduct a needs analysis for a community college educational system that will be established in the U.A.E. Underdeveloped nations have imported the idea of the community college concept to help them as they face new problems of modernization and growth.

The questions that were researched are as ...


A Study Of Effects Of A Systematically Designed Promotional Message On The Acceptance Of Michigan Regional Educational Media Centers By Nonusers, Jaswant Singh Dec 1982

A Study Of Effects Of A Systematically Designed Promotional Message On The Acceptance Of Michigan Regional Educational Media Centers By Nonusers, Jaswant Singh

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using a systematically planned and presented promotional message on increasing the number of public and private K-12 teachers who use the media services of the REMCs.

The following hypotheses were tested: (1) There will be a difference in the proportion of teachers requesting REMC media services in the experimental and control groups as a result of the use of a systematically designed promotional message. (2) There will be a difference in the mean number of media items requested by users in the experimental and control groups as a result ...


A Study Of Leisure Counseling Services For The Older Adult In Kalamazoo County, Linda Law Powell Dec 1982

A Study Of Leisure Counseling Services For The Older Adult In Kalamazoo County, Linda Law Powell

Dissertations

The focus of this study was the community agencies and/or educational institutions in Kalamazoo County directly involved with older adults and their use of leisure time.

The purposes of this study were (a) to determine the types of organizations that provide leisure counseling services to older adults; (b) to determine the specific kinds of leisure counseling services provided for older adults; (c) to determine the problems that are related to the provision of leisure counseling services for older adults; (d) to determine the perceived need for leisure counseling services for older adults among organizations; (e) to determine the differences ...


The Design, Field Test, And Description Of A Model For Collaborative Long-Range Community Planning, Ozzie D. Parks Dec 1982

The Design, Field Test, And Description Of A Model For Collaborative Long-Range Community Planning, Ozzie D. Parks

Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to design and field test a model for collaborative long-range community planning. A model was designed on the basis of research found in the literature, tested in a community setting, and evaluated regarding its effectiveness.

The problem delineated for the study was the lack of collaborative long-range planning in our society, particularly at the community level. A review of the literature in this field indicated that although long-range planning is considered to be important, it is seldom practiced successfully. The study's response to the problem was to design and field test a model ...


An Application Of Taoist Thought In Short Term Psychotherapy, David Leslie Knoblauch Dec 1982

An Application Of Taoist Thought In Short Term Psychotherapy, David Leslie Knoblauch

Dissertations

Taoism originated in China during the -5th and -4th centuries with the Tao Te Ching, which is attributed to Lao Tzu. This ancient philosophy delineated a way of acting in harmony with the course and trend of the natural world. In the United States, Taoist thought has been increasing in popularity since the 1930's. C. G. Jung, Alan Watts, and Abraham Maslow were prominent in bringing Taoism to a functional understanding in America's psychological community. They promoted the view that man is not an isolated ego which must control experience, but rather that man is a part of ...


The Importance Of, And Capability To Perform, Program Evaluation As Perceived By Wisconsin District Media Directors, Roger Leslie Hartz Aug 1982

The Importance Of, And Capability To Perform, Program Evaluation As Perceived By Wisconsin District Media Directors, Roger Leslie Hartz

Dissertations

Working from a theoretical framework developed by merging the CIPP Evaluation Model with the concepts of formative and summative evaluation, this study attempted to discover the perceptions of Wisconsin school district instructional media directors regarding the importance of, and capability to perform, various types of evaluation activity.

Two survey instruments were developed, pilot tested, and administered to Wisconsin school district media directors. One form, administered to half of the population, sought information about the importance of the evaluation activities. The second form, administered to the remainder of the population, sought information about the perceived capability to perform the evaluation activities ...


The Relationship Between Sales And Service Performance By Group Insurance Representatives Who Perform Both Functions, Ralph F. Hagemeier Aug 1982

The Relationship Between Sales And Service Performance By Group Insurance Representatives Who Perform Both Functions, Ralph F. Hagemeier

Dissertations

This descriptive study investigated the relationship between production service ratings and service performance ratings earned by the 60 group representatives assigned to its Midwest region by a large insurance company. Specifically, the study attempted to (a) collect data regarding the sales and service performance ratings earned by each member of the study group, (b) determine whether a relationship existed between the sales and service ratings for the total study group, and (c) determine whether a relationship existed between the sales and service ratings for those individuals within the study group to whom certain characteristics could be attributed.

In order to ...


Path-Goal Theory Of Leader Behavior And Its Relation To Job Satisfaction As Moderated By The Intrinsic Motivation Of The Task, Diane Lloyd Gillo Aug 1982

Path-Goal Theory Of Leader Behavior And Its Relation To Job Satisfaction As Moderated By The Intrinsic Motivation Of The Task, Diane Lloyd Gillo

Dissertations

The path-goal theory of leadership, based on an expectancy formulation of motivation, provides a potent schema for the investigation of the relationship between leader behavior and subordinates' satisfactions in the workplace. The inclusion of task related satisfactions has been dealt with as a contingency factor, but this study included the measurement of task design variables consistent with the task design literature.

According to the path-goal theory, leaders are effective because of their impact on subordinates' motivation, ability to perform effectively, and satisfactions. The study was designed to analyze the relationship between the independent variable of leader behavior and the dependent ...


The Effects Of A Residential Basic Counseling Skills Training Program, Richard W. Fox Aug 1982

The Effects Of A Residential Basic Counseling Skills Training Program, Richard W. Fox

Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to study the effects of a residential basic counseling skills training program on the interpersonal behavior of the participants.

The research design for this study was a pre- and post-test experimental and control group method. Program participants were 81 juvenile court workers with experience ranging from less than one to more than 20 years. The control group was 41 juvenile detention home workers in six locations throughout the State of Michigan who did not participate in the training.

The FIRO-B (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior) pre-test was administered to the experimental and control groups at ...


The Power Of The School Business Official In The Decision-Making Processes Of The Boards Of Education In Selected Michigan School Districts, Robert Del Fein Aug 1982

The Power Of The School Business Official In The Decision-Making Processes Of The Boards Of Education In Selected Michigan School Districts, Robert Del Fein

Dissertations

The literature demonstrates that the dramatic growth in school district size and the increased technical complexity within which school systems must now operate have forced local boards of education into dependence relationships with their key administrative personnel. Consequently, school business officials were thought to be in a position to exercise considerable influence in the decision-making processes of their boards of education because of the technical aspects and uncertainties associated with the responsibilities of that particular role function. It is the nature and extent of this potential for influence which was the focal point of this investigation.

The methodology used for ...


Teachers' Growth/Development And The Organizational Climate Of Elementary Schools, Louise Birch Aug 1982

Teachers' Growth/Development And The Organizational Climate Of Elementary Schools, Louise Birch

Dissertations

The purposes of the study were: (a) to determine the types of professional development in which elementary teachers voluntarily participated and the extent of that participation, and (b) to investigate the relationships between school climate and teachers' participation, enrollment size and teachers' participation, and enrollment size and school climate.

The survey included all of the 356 regular elementary school teachers in two southwestern Michigan school districts who each held a tenured position and was assigned to a building with the same principal for at least the 1980-81 and 1981-82 years. The number of schools was 15 in District A and ...


Women In Educational Leader Positions: An Investigation Of Some Common Factors In Socialization, Educational Background, And Career Commitment, Elaine Barr Morris Aug 1982

Women In Educational Leader Positions: An Investigation Of Some Common Factors In Socialization, Educational Background, And Career Commitment, Elaine Barr Morris

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the socialization process, educational backgrounds, and career commitments of women in educational leader positions with women in education who had not attained leader positions. The possibility that differences exist in those areas that have set some women apart and have resulted in their pursuit and attainment of administrative positions was explored.

Fifteen hypotheses were constructed to investigate relationships between a woman's attainment of an administrative position and the following variables: (a) career status of her mother during her childhood, (b) childhood experiences similar to males, (c) educational level of her father ...


The Relationship Of Treatment Team Interpersonal Communication To Staff To Client Relationships In A Residential Treatment Setting, Martin L. Mitchell Aug 1982

The Relationship Of Treatment Team Interpersonal Communication To Staff To Client Relationships In A Residential Treatment Setting, Martin L. Mitchell

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the nature of the relationship between treatment team interpersonal communication and staff to client relationships in a residential treatment setting. Through the use of the Staff Environmental Survey and the Youth Environmental Survey, questions pertaining to treatment team interpersonal communication were correlated to questions pertaining to staff to client relationships.

The subjects utilized for the study were the staff and clients of The Starr Commonwealth Schools' residential treatment program located in Albion, Michigan.

The responses of subjects from 14 treatment teams were correlated to the responses of subjects from 14 groups of ...


Modification Of Staff Behavior In A Mental Health Center, Craig Wendell Knapp Aug 1982

Modification Of Staff Behavior In A Mental Health Center, Craig Wendell Knapp

Dissertations

Behavioral research which has focused on improving employee behavior in business and human service organizations has pointed to an increasing need to develop simple, effective management tools which will maintain appropriate behavior changes. The purpose of the present study was to explore the controlling relationship between behavior and variables previously cited in the literature, and to develop a procedure to increase and maintain the amount of time which employees in a mental health center spent on priority activities defined by management.

Eleven male and female employees in four programs of a mental health center were exposed to conditions in which ...


The Relationship Between Organizational Structure And Support For Employee Communication Skill Improvement, Roberta M. Supnick Aug 1982

The Relationship Between Organizational Structure And Support For Employee Communication Skill Improvement, Roberta M. Supnick

Dissertations

In order to examine the relationship, if any, between an organization's structure and the propensity of that organization to support communication training for its employees, 16 small manufacturing firms located in southwestern Michigan were selected for study. Firms were determined to exhibit organic, mechanistic or mixed structures based on managers' perceptions of centralization, formalization, impersonalization and task specialization within the company. Each firm was also judged to exist in either an uncertain or stable environment. Support for communication training in each company was assessed from personnel directors' responses to questions concerning programs offered, employees involved, frequency of offerings and ...


An Investigation Of A Procedure To Assess Aggregated Item Bias In A Minimum-Competency Test, Laurence E. Rudolph Aug 1982

An Investigation Of A Procedure To Assess Aggregated Item Bias In A Minimum-Competency Test, Laurence E. Rudolph

Dissertations

This study described and evaluated a new procedure to assess item bias in a minimum-competency test (MCT). This procedure was thought to be capable of estimating the degree of bias contained in a given test item. This is in contrast to traditional item bias detection procedures which focus on the presence or absence of bias in an item. Furthermore, the procedure was thought to be capable of estimating item bias in such a way that the aggregate of item bias (AIB) could be obtained.

The chi-square was found to be the most practical of the item bias procedures and the ...


A Study Of The Differences Between Prison College Graduates And The Total Released Inmate Population On Recidivism By Risk Category, James Jay Haviland Apr 1982

A Study Of The Differences Between Prison College Graduates And The Total Released Inmate Population On Recidivism By Risk Category, James Jay Haviland

Dissertations

When a convicted felon is considered for parole from a correctional institution, several factors relating to his experience while incarcerated are presented before the Parole Board. One of the factors which is considered favorably by the Board and indicative of rehabilitation is an individual's participation in educational programs while serving his sentence. This implies a non-verbal quid-pro-quo exchange. Its effect is to fill classrooms even where no formal requirement compels enrollment (Bowker, 1982, 241).

The purpose of this research was to determine if the completion of a two-year post secondary program while incarcerated, resulted in a lower rate of ...


Determining The Skill And Training Needs Of Community Education Directors: An Inquiry Into Methods, Duane Douglas Gates Apr 1982

Determining The Skill And Training Needs Of Community Education Directors: An Inquiry Into Methods, Duane Douglas Gates

Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine different methods of assessing the training needs of community education directors.

Twelve major skill areas used by community education directors were synthesized from the literature and served as a basis for developing the survey instrument. This instrument was used to measure the perceptions of the 12 skill areas by each of the four groups in the study.

Each group was polled on a different dimension of how the training needs of a community education director might be determined: Group 1 (Community Education Directors): Perceived amount of time each of the 12 ...


The Facilitative Teacher-Student Relationship And Selected Educational Outcomes, Richard Roy Benedict Apr 1982

The Facilitative Teacher-Student Relationship And Selected Educational Outcomes, Richard Roy Benedict

Dissertations

It has been proposed that there are three "facilitative" characteristics of the helpful relationship--genuineness, empathy, and positive regard--which, if offered to students by teachers, would result in desirable educational outcomes. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between teacher facilitative functioning and desirable outcomes of the educational process in secondary schools. Four desirable outcomes were identified: (a) enhanced student self-concepts, (b) student course achievements, (c) more "in-depth" involvement with course content, and (d) more frequent class attendance.

Sixty-eight classrooms (containing over 1,500 senior high school students from four school districts) qualified for study because required subjects were taught ...


The Relationship Of Competency As Part Of The Self-Concept To Occupational Role: A Comparison Study Of Females In Three Occupational Roles, Merry Carson Pattison Apr 1982

The Relationship Of Competency As Part Of The Self-Concept To Occupational Role: A Comparison Study Of Females In Three Occupational Roles, Merry Carson Pattison

Dissertations

It was the purpose of this study to examine the relationship between women's perception of self as being competent to occupational role.

Based on a review of the literature and research it was hypothesized that a relationship between occupational role and competency self-perceptions did exist. Also, it was hypothesized that there is a relationship between occupational role and the difference between perception of self and view of ideal self in competency. Finally, it was hypothesized that there is a relationship between occupational role and the discrepancy between perception of self and perception of typical women in competency skills.

The ...