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Full-Text Articles in Education

Using Compost In Utah Gardens, Kitt Farrell-Poe, Rich Koenig, Bruce Miller, James Barnhill Nov 1997

Using Compost In Utah Gardens, Kitt Farrell-Poe, Rich Koenig, Bruce Miller, James Barnhill

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Using Compost In Utah Turf Applications, Kitt Farrell-Poe, Rich Koenig, Bruce Miller, James Barnhill Nov 1997

Using Compost In Utah Turf Applications, Kitt Farrell-Poe, Rich Koenig, Bruce Miller, James Barnhill

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Harnessing User Communities For Website Location And Evaluation, Tim Beal, Mimi Recker Nov 1997

Harnessing User Communities For Website Location And Evaluation, Tim Beal, Mimi Recker

Instructional Technology and Learning Sciences Faculty Publications

The AsiaWeb Project is looking at the problem of accessing quality and relevant information on the Web. It is the product of collaboration between two disciplinary standpoints. Dr Mimi Recker is approaching the problem from a generic, systems viewpoint, seeing the information domain as a case study and Dr Tim Beal has an interest in the computer access and manipulation of information on Japan, and Asia generally. We are taking business information on Asia as the general subject and within this Japan is a priority area. However, it is considered that the techniques developed could be applied to any subject ...


Colloidal Silver Not Approved For Treating Animals, Clell Bagley Aug 1997

Colloidal Silver Not Approved For Treating Animals, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

FDA has received reports that products containing colloidal silver are being promoted for use in the treatment of mastitis and other serious disease conditions of dairy cattle, as well as for various conditions of companion animals. For example, FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine has received reports from the Agency's regional milk specialists and State inspectors that colloidal silver products have been found on some dairy farms.


Vaccinating To Prevent Pneumonia, Clell Bagley, Donald Snyder, Nyle Matthews Jul 1997

Vaccinating To Prevent Pneumonia, Clell Bagley, Donald Snyder, Nyle Matthews

All Current Publications

Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD) is a major problem for cattle and it continues to cause serious economic losses. Pneumonia is its most serious form. BRD causes increased death losses, higher medication and labor costs, and lost production. It occurs most commonly within a few weeks of weaning and is especially troublesome then. BRD is more serious in calves which are shipped long distances right after weaning and is often referred to as shipping fever.


Breeding Soundness Examination Of Rams, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Breeding Soundness Examination Of Rams, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

The objective of a breeding soundness examination (BSE) of rams is to evaluate and classify their potential breeding ability. This process should include evaluation of their physical condition as well as an evaluation of the semen itself. A BSE does not include an evaluation of sex drive or breeding behavior because there are no standardized criteria by which to judge these. Their best evaluation at present will come from observation of the rams breeding behavior after introduction into the ewe flock.


Dystocia (Difficult Lambing), Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Dystocia (Difficult Lambing), Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

If the flock is lambed on the range, assistance is not given to individual ewes. Catching those needing help causes so much disruption of ewes with normal lambs and results in so many orphans, it is detrimental. One of the primary advantages of shed lambing a range flock is being able to better assist during birth and those first crucial hours of life.


Weak Calf Syndrome Or Bvd Fetal Infection, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Weak Calf Syndrome Or Bvd Fetal Infection, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

A serious health problem of newborn calves was recognized 20 years ago and termed “weak calf syndrome”(WCS). The Bovine Virus Diarrhea (BVD) virus was often isolated from affected calves and from these herds. In recent years, veterinarians have again been looking at the effects of the BVD virus on the fetus.


Controlling Coliform Mastitis, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Controlling Coliform Mastitis, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Coliform mastitis is usually considered as an acute disease although some milder forms and even chronic cases do occur. It is caused by the bacterial organism Escherichia coli, hence the name, coliform. Other, related organisms, Enterobacter aerogenes and Klebsiella pneumoniae, are also often called “coliforms.”


Cat Plague - Veterinarian Caution, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Cat Plague - Veterinarian Caution, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Plague has been in the news from several areas in the much from world. The Center for Disease Control has become especially concerned about two aspects of plague (and these concerns affect veterinarians in Utah very directly); first, plague has been increasing in recent years in the western states and second, cats are being recognized more often as being associated with human plague cases.


Disease Resistance In Cattle, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Disease Resistance In Cattle, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

The ability of cattle to resist the many disease processes to which they are exposed is truly amazing. And yet, when several adverse factors combine, this resistance can be overcome and result in a herd disaster which is just as amazing. This discussion will be broken down into four major areas. But it is the combined functioning of all four areas that actually provides disease resistance.


Bluetongue In Cattle, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Bluetongue In Cattle, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Bluetongue (BT) is a viral disease that is spread mainly by one specific type of gnat. Other gnats and blood sucking insects may occasionally transmit BT, but they are much less important in its transfer. Cattle are the main reservoir for overwintering of the virus in temperate climates.


Understanding Bull Breeding Soundness Exams, Clell Bagley, Craig Burrell Jul 1997

Understanding Bull Breeding Soundness Exams, Clell Bagley, Craig Burrell

All Current Publications

Controversy still exists about Breeding Soundness Examinations (BSE) and what they can and cannot do. At times they are not used because of a lack of understanding of their value while at other times they are used with unrealistic expectations. First, BSE is performed to identify bulls with reduced fertility not just to find those which are sterile. Very few bulls are sterile but a significant percent have reduced fertility.


Preventing Calf Losses, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Preventing Calf Losses, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Many beef producers and practicing veterinarians noted there were higher than normal calf death losses during the 1993 calving season. We were especially aware of the increased losses here in the western states, but there were also heavy losses in the midwest and east, so the problem was very widespread.


Clinical Trials With Copper Supplementation, Clell Bagley, Norris Stenquist, Dennis Worwood Jul 1997

Clinical Trials With Copper Supplementation, Clell Bagley, Norris Stenquist, Dennis Worwood

All Current Publications

Copper deficiency has been diagnosed in beef cattle herds in many areas of the intermountain west. Copper supplements are not widely used, even though several products are available. It is difficult to correct a deficiency because too much copper can result in copper toxicity or poisoning. Toxicity is less a hazard with cattle than with sheep, but it is still a problem to guard against. Periodic monitoring of the herd’s copper status is essential for proper supplementation.


Toxic Contaminants In Harvested Forage, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Toxic Contaminants In Harvested Forage, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Harvested forages are vitally important and commonly used for beef production. But contamination can occur which results in reduced forage quality and palatability or may even result in animal illness and death. Outlined below are some of the common problems that should be considered.


Updating Your Herd Health Plan, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Updating Your Herd Health Plan, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Animal health is not sold in a bottle, syringe or sack. It comes as a result of proper management. The increased concentration and movement of cattle and demands for greater production necessitate an improved level of management to maintain cattle health.


Mycotoxins, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Mycotoxins, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Certain metabolites of some fungi (molds) are poisonous (toxic). Fungal poisons have been known for many years, but they were not considered a major factor in animal disease until fairly recently. Because the prefix myco- refers to fungi, these toxins are termed mycotoxins. Penicillin is derived from a fungus and could be termed a mycotoxin, in relation to bacteria which are sensitive to it.


Weaning Calves Successfully, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Weaning Calves Successfully, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

The production loss and death loss of calves at weaning is second only to the losses at calving. Weaning is a very stressful time and bovine respiratory disease (pneumonia, shipping fever, etc.) is a common problem. Coccidiosis and other digestive problems, such as acidosis, (grain overload) are also common.


Comparisons Of Rations At Weaning, Usu 1994, Clell Bagley, Norris Stenquist Jul 1997

Comparisons Of Rations At Weaning, Usu 1994, Clell Bagley, Norris Stenquist

All Current Publications

Calves in three groups were fed grass hay for 24–36 hours after weaning. For the next 2 weeks they were fed the rations below. For the final 2 weeks, all groups were fed ration number two. Read this article to see what happens next.


Yew Had Better Watch Out!, Clell Bagley, Kip Panter Jul 1997

Yew Had Better Watch Out!, Clell Bagley, Kip Panter

All Current Publications

If you see clippings from ornamental, evergreen shrubs that someone has dumped where cattle, horses, sheep, etc., can eat them, you had better move the plants or the animals. If you don’t, expect some dead animals.


Staph Mastitis: Herd Control Program, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Staph Mastitis: Herd Control Program, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus is a major problem for some dairy herds. It causes high Somatic Cell Counts (SCC), reduces milk quality, and may cause a loss of milk market. It limits milk production for the herd, reduces efficiency, and continues to spread to other cows.


Drug Residues And Food Safety, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Drug Residues And Food Safety, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Complaints and demands from consumers concerning a product usually occur after an incident involving injury, illness or death. However, this was not the case with the Alar scare with apples and it is not the case with the concern for drug residues in food animal products.


Improving Reproductive Performance Of The Ewe, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Improving Reproductive Performance Of The Ewe, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

The western range ewe is a tremendously productive animal as evidenced by the excellent reproductive rates that are achieved by some producers, some years. Yet many other factors such as weather, disease and forage availability can drastically reduce their productivity. It is a major management challenge to control or even minimize the effect of these interacting factors. Some of those of greatest priority are listed and briefly discussed.


Internal Parasites, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Internal Parasites, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Internal parasites and how they affect animals.


Nutritional Diseases Of Sheep, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Nutritional Diseases Of Sheep, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

Nutritional diseases result from a deficiency, an excess or an imbalance of nutrients. They are common but usually produce only sporadic cases of illness or death loss. However, the wrong combination of events can lead to devastating losses.


Epididymitis In Range And Purebred Rams, Clell Bagley, Mark Healey Jul 1997

Epididymitis In Range And Purebred Rams, Clell Bagley, Mark Healey

All Current Publications

Fact sheet describes epididimitis, its causes, its effects, and control of the disease.


Udder Diseases Of Sheep, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Udder Diseases Of Sheep, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

There are two major udder disease problems of ewes, hardbag and bluebag. They both tend to occur sporadically and are frustrating for producers to treat or prevent.


Ammonia Toxicity In A Herd Of Beef Cattle, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Ammonia Toxicity In A Herd Of Beef Cattle, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

A Utah producer lost 22 out of 50 head of cows in May, due to ammonia toxicity. He used a liquid fertilizer tank to haul water to the cattle. He had done this for two years previously, and with washing out thoroughly, there had been no problem. But this time some fertilizer was evidently left in, mixed with the water and resulted in the toxicosis.


Preparing Bulls For The Breeding Season, Clell Bagley Jul 1997

Preparing Bulls For The Breeding Season, Clell Bagley

All Current Publications

With proper care prior to and during the breeding season, cattlemen can increase the breeding capacity of bulls. Breeding soundness evaluations and trichomoniasis testing are tools which can aid a herd manager as he makes critical decisions for next year’s calf crop.