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Articles 1 - 30 of 57

Full-Text Articles in Education

Pedagogical Agents, Yanghee Kim Jan 2015

Pedagogical Agents, Yanghee Kim

Yanghee Kim

No abstract provided.


Pedagogical Agents, Yanghee Kim Jan 2015

Pedagogical Agents, Yanghee Kim

Yanghee Kim

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Learner-Instructor Relationship Building Strategies In Online Video Lessons, Yanghee Kim, Jeffrey Thyne Jan 2015

Effects Of Learner-Instructor Relationship Building Strategies In Online Video Lessons, Yanghee Kim, Jeffrey Thyne

Yanghee Kim

Although research has demonstrated that an increased rapport between instructors and learners can positively relate with increased learning gains, perhaps mediated by the positive attitudes toward the course and self-efficacy beliefs in the coursework, little has been done to test what instructional strategies might increase this rapport in online video-based instruction. This study compared online video-based instruction that made use of relationship-building strategies with online video-based instruction that did not use those strategies. The two instructions were identical in every other way. The results showed that the attitudes of the college students were positively affected by the relationship building strategies ...


Looking At How Technology Is Used With The Bodies Over There To Figure Out What Could Be Done With The Technology And Bodies Right Here, Victor R. Lee Jan 2015

Looking At How Technology Is Used With The Bodies Over There To Figure Out What Could Be Done With The Technology And Bodies Right Here, Victor R. Lee

Victor R Lee

No abstract provided.


Grassroots Or Returning To One’S Roots? Unpacking The Inception Of A Youth-Focused Community Makerspace, Victor R. Lee, Whitney L. King, Ryan Cain Jan 2015

Grassroots Or Returning To One’S Roots? Unpacking The Inception Of A Youth-Focused Community Makerspace, Victor R. Lee, Whitney L. King, Ryan Cain

Victor R Lee

In this paper, we describe the individuals and factors contributing to the emergence of a community makerspace in a small city in the United States. As research into how makerspaces have come into existence is still in a nascent stage, this single case study is intended to describe and highlight some of the complexities involved in creating such a facility. Based on analysis of onsite observations, interviews of adults connected with the space, and electronic communications, we present a story of how two co-founders of a youth-focused makerspace went from having initial interest in extracurricular activities for their own children ...


Technology Meets Body, Body Meets Techology, Victor R. Lee Jan 2015

Technology Meets Body, Body Meets Techology, Victor R. Lee

Victor R Lee

This chapter is an introduction to the larger edited volume. The primary goal of this chapter is to overview the different ways in which the body is thought of as essential for learning, also known as the embodiment or embodied cognition perspective, and to situate that perspective against behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, and sociocultural learning theories. A brief overview of the chapters in the volume is also provided.


Let’S Get Physical: K-12 Students Using Wearable Devices To Obtain And Learn About Data From Physical Activities, Victor R. Lee, Joel Drake, Kylie Williamson Jan 2015

Let’S Get Physical: K-12 Students Using Wearable Devices To Obtain And Learn About Data From Physical Activities, Victor R. Lee, Joel Drake, Kylie Williamson

Victor R Lee

Accessibility to wearable technology has exploded in the last decade. As such, this technology has potential to be used in classrooms in uniquely interactive and personally meaningful ways. Seeing this as a possible future for schools, we have been exploring approaches for designing activities to incorporate wearable physical activity data tracking technologies to help students learn how to interpret data. This article describes four instances of designed learning activities in which wearable physical activity data tracking devices in use with K-12 students. Of special note is how the devices could be used to help students learn both content related to ...


Opportunistic Uses Of The Traditional School Day Through Student Examination Of Fitbit Activity Tracker Data, Victor R. Lee, Joel Drake, Ryan Cain Jan 2015

Opportunistic Uses Of The Traditional School Day Through Student Examination Of Fitbit Activity Tracker Data, Victor R. Lee, Joel Drake, Ryan Cain

Victor R Lee

In large part due to the highly prescribed nature of the typical school day for children, efforts to design new interactions with technology have often focused on less-structured after-school clubs and other out-of-school environments. We argue that while the school day imposes serious restrictions, school routines can and should be opportunistically leveraged by designers and by youth. Specifically, wearable activity tracking devices open some new avenues for opportunistic collection of and reflection on data from the school day. To demonstrate this, we present two cases from an elementary statistics classroom unit we designed that intentionally integrated wearable activity trackers and ...


Open Educational Resources In The United States: Insights From University Foreign Language Directors, Joshua J. Thoms, Becky L. Thoms Aug 2014

Open Educational Resources In The United States: Insights From University Foreign Language Directors, Joshua J. Thoms, Becky L. Thoms

Joshua J. Thoms

This study reports the results of a survey completed by 155 university foreign language (FL) directors in the United States (US) during Fall 2012. Survey respondents come from a variety of institutions and direct a range of FL programs. The objectives of the study are to (a) determine what FL directors know about open educational resources (OER), (b) understand respondents’ perceived benefits and challenges of using OER, and (c) determine what resources and support are critical to establish or expand the use of OER in FL courses in the US. Results indicate that while 66% of FL directors do not ...


An Examination Of The Changes In Science Teaching Orientations And Technology-Enhanced Tools For Student Learning In The Context Of Professional Development, Todd Campbell, Rebecca Zuwallack, Max Longhurst, Brett E. Shelton, Paul G. Wolf Jul 2014

An Examination Of The Changes In Science Teaching Orientations And Technology-Enhanced Tools For Student Learning In The Context Of Professional Development, Todd Campbell, Rebecca Zuwallack, Max Longhurst, Brett E. Shelton, Paul G. Wolf

Paul G Wolf

This research examines how science teaching orientations and beliefs about technology-enhanced tools change over time in professional development (PD). The primary data sources for this study came from learning journals of 8 eighth grade science teachers at the beginning and conclusion of a year of PD. Based on the analysis completed, Information Transmission (IT) and Struggling with Standards-Based Reform (SSBR) profiles were found at the beginning of the PD, while SSBR and Standards-Based Reform (SBR) profiles were identified at the conclusion of PD. All profiles exhibited Vision I beliefs about the goals and purposes for science education, while only the ...


Playing With A Robot To Learn English Vocabulary, Yanghee Kim Jan 2014

Playing With A Robot To Learn English Vocabulary, Yanghee Kim

Yanghee Kim

A robot-based English curriculum called The Missing Code has been developed to teach English vocabulary to young children whose home language is one other than English. Guided by theories in children’s learning and motivation, the curriculum was designed to be developmentally appropriate and engaging for children that were 3-5 years old, carefully balancing the familiar and the new. The development process was characterized by iterative cycles of initial design, user testing, and refinement. Through multiple observations of child-robot play in situ, it was noted that children easily learned how to interact with the robot and showed sustained interest and ...


Promoting And Evaluating Online Learner-Instructor Relationships, Yanghee Kim, R Burdo, T Chen Jan 2014

Promoting And Evaluating Online Learner-Instructor Relationships, Yanghee Kim, R Burdo, T Chen

Yanghee Kim

Emotions that a learner brings to the learning context can influence engagement, self-regulation, and achievement. Recently, researchers have called for examination on the impact of learner emotions in online learning environments. This study examines how to incorporate learner/instructor relationship aspects in online instruction and promote affective relationships with the learners. Participants enrolled in a college statistics course took a weeklong video-based module covering Normal Distribution. Learner attitudes, learner self-efficacy, learner/instructor relationship, and learning gains were evaluated. The relationship building strategies were found to have positive impacts on learner attitudes and self-efficacy. The inclusion of the relationship building strategies ...


Gradually Releasing Responsibility To Students Writing Persuasive Text, Sylvia Read, Melanie Landon-Hays, Alicia Martin-Rivas Jan 2014

Gradually Releasing Responsibility To Students Writing Persuasive Text, Sylvia Read, Melanie Landon-Hays, Alicia Martin-Rivas

Sylvia Read

The emphasis on improving writing instruction, especially the writing of non-narrative texts, may lead some teachers to seek effective ways to teach students. The IMSCI model, a scaffolded model for writing instruction, is useful for planning effective instruction. This article describes a research project conducted in a 4th grade classroom emphasizing the combined benefits of scaffolded instruction and genre study and testing scaffolded persuasive writing lessons based on the IMSCI model. Researchers wrote lesson plans using the IMSCI model as the underlying structure and tied the lessons to science objectives for fourth grade. Teachers implemented the lessons in their classrooms ...


Instructional Design Affects The Efficacy Of Simulation-Based Training In Central Venous Catheterization, David F. Feldon Jan 2014

Instructional Design Affects The Efficacy Of Simulation-Based Training In Central Venous Catheterization, David F. Feldon

David F Feldon

Background: Simulation-based learning is a common educational tool in healthcare training and frequently employs instructional designs based on Experiential Learning Theory (ELT). However, little research explores the effectiveness and efficiency of different instructional design methodologies appropriate for simulations. This study compares two instructional design models, ELT and Guided Experiential Learning (GEL), to determine which is more effective for training the central venous catheterization (CVC) procedure. Methods: Using a quasi-experimental randomized block design, nurse anesthetists completed training under one of the two instructional design models. Performance was assessed using a checklist of CVC performance, pass rates, and critical action errors. Results ...


Faculty Perceptions Of Common Challenges Encountered By Novice Doctoral Writers, Michelle Maher, David F. Feldon, Briana Timmerman, Jie Chao Jan 2014

Faculty Perceptions Of Common Challenges Encountered By Novice Doctoral Writers, Michelle Maher, David F. Feldon, Briana Timmerman, Jie Chao

David F Feldon

Although learning to write for publication is an important outcome of doctoral education, it has received surprisingly little scholarly attention. Within a socialization and supervisor pedagogy framework, this study uses narratives of faculty who regularly write with their doctoral students for publication to expose challenges students commonly encounter in the writing process. Common challenges include international students’ ‘writing problem’, misconstruing the nature of disciplinary writing and not realizing that ‘public’ is part of publication.


Playing With A Robot To Learn English Vocabulary, Yanghee Kim, Diantha Smith, Namju Kim, Tianyu Chen Jan 2014

Playing With A Robot To Learn English Vocabulary, Yanghee Kim, Diantha Smith, Namju Kim, Tianyu Chen

Yanghee Kim

A robot-based English curriculum called The Missing Code has been developed to teach English vocabulary to young children whose home language is one other than English. Guided by theories in children’s learning and motivation, the curriculum was designed to be developmentally appropriate and engaging for children who were 3-5 years old, carefully balancing the familiar and the new. The development process was characterized by iterative cycles of initial design, user testing, and refinement. Through multiple observations of child-robot play in situ, it was noted that children easily learned how to interact with the robot and showed sustained interest and ...


Promoting And Evaluating Online Learner-Instructor Relationships, Yanghee Kim, R Burdo, T Chen Jan 2014

Promoting And Evaluating Online Learner-Instructor Relationships, Yanghee Kim, R Burdo, T Chen

Yanghee Kim

Emotions that a learner brings to the learning context can influence engagement, self-regulation, and achievement. Recently, researchers have called for examination on the impact of learner emotions in online learning environments. This study examines how to incorporate learner/instructor relationship aspects in online instruction and promote affective relationships with the learners. Participants enrolled in a college statistics course took a weeklong video-based module covering Normal Distribution. Learner attitudes, learner self-efficacy, learner/instructor relationship, and learning gains were evaluated. The relationship building strategies were found to have positive impacts on learner attitudes and self-efficacy. The inclusion of the relationship building strategies ...


Gendered Socialization With An Embodied Agent: Creating A Social And Affable Mathematics Learning Environment For Middle-Grade Females, Yanghee Kim, J. Lim Nov 2013

Gendered Socialization With An Embodied Agent: Creating A Social And Affable Mathematics Learning Environment For Middle-Grade Females, Yanghee Kim, J. Lim

Yanghee Kim

This study examined whether or not embodied-agent-based learning would help middle-grade females have more positive mathematics learning experiences. The study used an explanatory mixed-methods research design. First, a classroom-based experiment was conducted with one hundred and twenty 9th-graders learning introductory algebra (53% male and 47% female; 51% Caucasian and 49% Latino). The results revealed that learner gender was a significant factor in the learners’ evaluations of their agent (η2 = .07), the learners’ task-specific attitudes (η2 = .05), and their task-specific self-efficacy (η2 = .06). In-depth interviews were then conducted with 22 students selected from the experiment participants. The interviews revealed that Latina ...


Home Gardening: Quick Tips To Efficient Watering, J. Burningham, Roslynn Brain May 2013

Home Gardening: Quick Tips To Efficient Watering, J. Burningham, Roslynn Brain

Roslynn Brain

In Utah’s dry climate, water is a gardener’s best friend. Water conservation is an important aspect of the home garden, and understanding efficient water management techniques can save you time and money. Knowing how to water properly will help you to maintain a more productive, sustainable garden and help the environment by reducing your consumption of this precious resource.


Teacher Design Using Online Learning Resources: A Comparative Case Study Of Science And Mathematics Teachers, Mimi Recker Feb 2013

Teacher Design Using Online Learning Resources: A Comparative Case Study Of Science And Mathematics Teachers, Mimi Recker

Mimi Recker

Using a comparative case study design, this paper explores the impacts of a technology-related professional development (TTPD) design aimed at helping science and mathematics teachers design classroom activities using the wealth of resources available on the Internet. Using the lens of curricular adaption and the notion of teachers’ varying pedagogical design capacity, we analyzed the experiences of four teachers in terms of the kinds of instructional activities teachers designed, how these were supported with online resources, and teachers’ perceptions of impacts on student learning. Findings suggested that participants used a variety of personally relevant design strategies when applying TTPD concepts ...


Urban Edibles: Weeds, Roslynn Brain, H. Waldbillig Feb 2013

Urban Edibles: Weeds, Roslynn Brain, H. Waldbillig

Roslynn Brain

They invade your garden, tap your soil’s precious nutrients and grow quicker than lightning strikes. If you can’t beat them, eat them! Increase your garden’s yield by identifying the edible weeds and adding them to your harvest. *Indicates undergraduate student.


The Effect Of The Visual Gender Of An Embodied Agent: A Cross-Cultural Compariso, Yanghee Kim, A Gulz, A Silveryarg, M Haake, T Chen, N Kim Jan 2013

The Effect Of The Visual Gender Of An Embodied Agent: A Cross-Cultural Compariso, Yanghee Kim, A Gulz, A Silveryarg, M Haake, T Chen, N Kim

Yanghee Kim

This study explored if the visual gender representations (androgynous, male, or female) of an embodied agent would influence students’ perceptions of their agent and their attitudes toward the agent as their conversational partner. The study also explored if students’ gender and cultural background would interact with the agent’s visual gender to influence their perceptions and attitudes. Participants were 208 early-teen students sampled from US and South Korea. The results revealed that student gender was a significant factor for influencing students' perceptions and attitudes and that the students showed positive attitudes toward an androgynous agent more than toward a gendered ...


Digital Peers To Help Children's Text Comprehension And Perception, Yanghee Kim Jan 2013

Digital Peers To Help Children's Text Comprehension And Perception, Yanghee Kim

Yanghee Kim

Affable Reading Tutor (ART) is an online reading lesson designed for children who start reading to comprehend. A digital, human-like character (virtual peer) in ART serves as a peer model that demonstrates the use of the reading comprehension strategy questioning to help improve the learners’ comprehension of expository texts. This study, with 141 boys and girls in the fourth and fifth grades in the United States, examined the effects of virtual-peer presence (presence vs. absence vs. control) on learners’ text comprehension and also the effects of learner gender and virtual-peer attributes (human-like male vs. human-like female vs. robot still image ...


Cognitive Apprenticeship And The Supervision Of Science And Engineering Research Assistants, Michelle Maher, Joanna Gilmore, David F. Feldon, Telesia Davis Jan 2013

Cognitive Apprenticeship And The Supervision Of Science And Engineering Research Assistants, Michelle Maher, Joanna Gilmore, David F. Feldon, Telesia Davis

David F Feldon

No abstract provided.


Exploration Of Factors Related To The Development Of Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants’ Teaching Orientations, Joanna Gilmore, Michelle Maher, David F. Feldon, Briana Timmerman Jan 2013

Exploration Of Factors Related To The Development Of Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants’ Teaching Orientations, Joanna Gilmore, Michelle Maher, David F. Feldon, Briana Timmerman

David F Feldon

Research indicates that modifying teachers’ beliefs about learning and teaching (i.e. teaching orientation) may be a prerequisite to changing their teaching practices. This mixed methods study quantitized data from interviews with 65 graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields to assess the relationship of participants’ teaching experiences and available teaching support systems with changes in their teaching orientation over time. These individuals represent an important but understudied link in the STEM pipeline, because they serve as primary instructors in large, introductory science laboratory classes for undergraduates at large research universities. Mentor involvement in teaching ...


Performance-Based Assessment Of Graduate Student Research Skills: Timing, Trajectory, And Potential Thresholds, Briana Timmerman, David F. Feldon, Michelle Maher, Denise Strickland, Jie Chao Jan 2013

Performance-Based Assessment Of Graduate Student Research Skills: Timing, Trajectory, And Potential Thresholds, Briana Timmerman, David F. Feldon, Michelle Maher, Denise Strickland, Jie Chao

David F Feldon

The development of research skills and scientific reasoning underpins the mission of graduate education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields, yet our understanding of this process is mainly drawn from self-report and faculty survey data. In this study, we empirically investigate the pattern of research skill development using STEM graduate students’ written research proposals. Analyses of proposal performance data suggest a potential developmental trajectory of research skills, in which the ability to effectively situate work in context using primary literature, and to generate testable hypotheses, emerge early in students’ careers, while other skills, such as data analysis and ...


The Effect Of The Visual Gender Of An Embodied Agent: A Cross-Cultural Comparison, Yanghee Kim, A Guiz, A Silveryarg, M Haake, T Chen, N Kim Jan 2013

The Effect Of The Visual Gender Of An Embodied Agent: A Cross-Cultural Comparison, Yanghee Kim, A Guiz, A Silveryarg, M Haake, T Chen, N Kim

Yanghee Kim

This study explored if the visual gender representations (androgynous, male, or female) of an embodied agent would influence students’ perceptions of their agent and their attitudes toward the agent as their conversational partner. The study also explored if students’ gender and cultural background would interact with the agent’s visual gender to influence their perceptions and attitudes. Participants were 208 early-teen students sampled from US and South Korea. The results revealed that student gender was a significant factor for influencing students' perceptions and attitudes and that the students showed positive attitudes toward an androgynous agent more than toward a gendered ...


Digital Peers To Help Children's Text Comprehension And Perception, Yanghee Kim Jan 2013

Digital Peers To Help Children's Text Comprehension And Perception, Yanghee Kim

Yanghee Kim

Affable Reading Tutor (ART) is an online reading lesson designed for children who start reading to comprehend. A digital, human-like character (virtual peer) in ART serves as a peer model that demonstrates the use of the reading comprehension strategy questioning to help improve the learners’ comprehension of expository texts. This study, with 141 boys and girls in the fourth and fifth grades in the United States, examined the effects of virtual-peer presence (presence vs. absence vs. control) on learners’ text comprehension and also the effects of learner gender and virtual-peer attributes (human-like male vs. human-like female vs. robot still image ...


The Quantified Self (Qs) Movement And Some Emerging Opportunities For The Educational Technology Field, Victor R. Lee Jan 2013

The Quantified Self (Qs) Movement And Some Emerging Opportunities For The Educational Technology Field, Victor R. Lee

Victor R Lee

The “Quantified Self” is a growing global movement to use new mobile and wearable technologies to automatically obtain personal data about everyday activities. The social and material infrastructure associated with Quantified Self movement provides a number of ideas that educational technologists should consider incorporating and using. This article discusses some recent efforts to bring Quantified Self to the practices of educational technology and presents some issues to consider in the future.


Designing For Problem-Based Learning: A Comparative Study Of Technology Professional Development, Lei Ye, Andrew Walker, Mimi M. Recker, M. Brooke Robertshaw, Linda Sellers, Heather Leary May 2012

Designing For Problem-Based Learning: A Comparative Study Of Technology Professional Development, Lei Ye, Andrew Walker, Mimi M. Recker, M. Brooke Robertshaw, Linda Sellers, Heather Leary

Andrew Walker

Despite of much focus on professional development aimed specifically at developing teachers' technology integration skills, rigorous studies of effective PD (professional development) are lacking. Evidence is also lacking on how these skills can best be integrated with pedagogical and content knowledge to improve student learning. The purpose of this article is to present two "design-oriented" TTPD (technology-related teacher professional development) designs and investigate the designs' impact on teachers. In one TTPD (tech-only), teachers learned technology skills to create activities using online learning resources. In the other (tech+PBL), teachers learned to create PBL (problem-based learning) activities using online resources. All ...