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Full-Text Articles in Education

Using An Iceberg Intervention Model To Understand Equivalent Fraction Learning When Students With Mathematical Learning Difficulties Use Different Manipulatives, Arla Westenskow, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham Jan 2016

Using An Iceberg Intervention Model To Understand Equivalent Fraction Learning When Students With Mathematical Learning Difficulties Use Different Manipulatives, Arla Westenskow, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study examined variations in 43 fifth-grade Tier II students' learning of equivalent fractions using physical and virtual manipulatives during intervention instruction. The overarching research question focused on how different manipulatives types support learning fraction sub-concepts during mathematics intervention instruction for students with mathematical learning difficulties. Over a three-week period, students participated in ten small group sessions using different manipulatives during instruction (physical, virtual, and combination). Data were collected from pre/post testing and daily monitoring assessments. An Iceberg Intervention Model was used to document student learning for five equivalent fraction sub-concepts and nine general fraction sub-concepts. Results showed that ...


How Affordances And Constraints Of Physical And Virtual Manipulatives Support The Development Of Procedural Fluency And Algorithmic Thinking In Mathematics, Jennifer Such, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham Jan 2016

How Affordances And Constraints Of Physical And Virtual Manipulatives Support The Development Of Procedural Fluency And Algorithmic Thinking In Mathematics, Jennifer Such, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to examine how the affordances and constraints of physical and virtual manipulatives influence the development of students’ algorithmic thinking when learning algebra and rational number concepts. Thirty-six third-grade students participated in two weeks of instruction using physical and virtual manipulatives as instructional tools. The primary design of the study was a teaching experiment in which quantitative and qualitative data were collected to provide a holistic examination. Pre- and post-test items were used in the quantitative analysis following a within-subjects crossover repeated measures design. Students’ written work, a user survey, student interviews, field notes, and ...


Examining Patterns In Second Graders’ Use Of Virtual Manipulative Mathematics Apps Through Heatmap Analysis, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham, Stephen Isaac Tucker, Arla Westenskow, Jürgen Symanzik Dec 2015

Examining Patterns In Second Graders’ Use Of Virtual Manipulative Mathematics Apps Through Heatmap Analysis, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham, Stephen Isaac Tucker, Arla Westenskow, Jürgen Symanzik

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study examined 32 second-grade children’s interactions with six virtual manipulative mathematics apps on the iPad using a novel analysis approach called heatmap analysis. Mathematical topics of the six apps focused on understanding skip counting and place value concepts. Children interacted individually with the apps under the guidance of an interviewer during 30-40 minute clinical interviews. The heatmap analysis revealed patterns in children’s performance on the tasks and suggested individual cases for further analysis. For example, clusters of children showed high or low performance during the skip counting sequence. In the high-performing cluster, one child still struggled to ...


Integrating Literacy And Engineering Instruction For Young Learners, Amy Wilson-Lopez, Stacie Gregory Jul 2015

Integrating Literacy And Engineering Instruction For Young Learners, Amy Wilson-Lopez, Stacie Gregory

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

According to recently published national standards, elementary students should engage in engineering design activities. This article outlines ways that teachers can use literacy instruction to support young students’ engineering design activity, such as by selecting texts in which characters face problems that can be solved through engineering, providing students with opportunities to practice comprehension strategies while reading those texts, and modeling for them how to write a variety of texts that are relevant to engineers’ practices. The authors describe how they integrated this type of literacy instruction into engineering units in third- and fifth-grade classrooms.


Are We Preparing The Next Generation? K-12 Teacher Knowledge And Engagement In Teaching Core Stem Practices, Louis Nadelson, Anne Seifert, J. Kade Hendricks Jun 2015

Are We Preparing The Next Generation? K-12 Teacher Knowledge And Engagement In Teaching Core Stem Practices, Louis Nadelson, Anne Seifert, J. Kade Hendricks

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Background: Several of the recent reform efforts in K-12 STEM education (e.g. Next Generation Science Standards [NGSS and Common Core State Standards-Mathematics [CCSS-M]) have included significant emphasis on the practices of STEM. We argue that K-12 teachers' ability to effectively engage their students in these core STEM practices is fundamental to the success of potential and current engineering students and their subsequent careers as engineers. Practices such as identifying problems, modeling using mathematics, and arguing from evidence are fundamental processes in engineering. Helping students develop their capacity to engage in these practices early in their education will increase the ...


Using Virtual Manipulatives To Generalize And Justify Through Discourse, Katie Anderson-Pence, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham Apr 2015

Using Virtual Manipulatives To Generalize And Justify Through Discourse, Katie Anderson-Pence, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study examined the influence of different virtual manipulative types on the nature of students’ discourse related to generalizing and justifying mathematical concepts. During 27 episodes, students worked on mathematics tasks using three different virtual manipulative types: linked, pictorial, and tutorial. The level of students’ discourse in generalization and justification was coded and analyzed for each episode and compared across virtual manipulative types. A one-way ANOVA indicated statistically significant differences in the quality of generalizations and justifications among the different virtual manipulative types. Other patterns indicate that certain virtual manipulative types may be more suited than others for encouraging meaningful ...


Using Virtual Manipulatives To Enchance Collaborative Discourse In Mathematics Instruction, Katie Anderson-Pence, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham Apr 2015

Using Virtual Manipulatives To Enchance Collaborative Discourse In Mathematics Instruction, Katie Anderson-Pence, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study examined the influence of different virtual manipulative (VM) types on the nature of students’ collaborative mathematical discourse. During 27 episodes, students’ worked on mathematics tasks using three different VM types: linked, pictorial, and tutorial. The level of students’ collaborative discourse was coded and analyzed for each episode and compared across VM types. A one-way ANOVA indicated statistically significant differences in the quality of collaborative discourse among the different VM types. Other patterns indicate that certain VM types may be more suited than others for encouraging meaningful collaborative discourse. The patterns and trends identified in this study contribute to ...


Dual Language Instruction And Achievement: A Need And A Void In The Midwest, Tammy Oberg De La Garza, Erin Mackinney, Alyson Leah Lavigne Jan 2015

Dual Language Instruction And Achievement: A Need And A Void In The Midwest, Tammy Oberg De La Garza, Erin Mackinney, Alyson Leah Lavigne

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

In recent years, the benefits of bilingualism through dual language (DL) education models have been well documented. Despite evidence of bilinguals' heightened cognition and achievement, Midwestern English language learners (ELLs) are relegated to language programs that do nothing to enhance or maintain students' native language. This descriptive study employed a survey to collect data on existing DL programs across the state of Illinois (the largest population of ELLs in the Midwest), to better understand the challenges facing DL educators and administrators in the nation's middle. Data suggests the predominant obstacle encountered by school administrators is a lack of qualified ...


Trust In Science And Scientists And The Acceptance Of Evolution, Louis S. Nadelson Jan 2015

Trust In Science And Scientists And The Acceptance Of Evolution, Louis S. Nadelson

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Background: Accepting the concept of evolution is important for the advancement of biological science and has many implications for daily life. However, a large portion of the general public does not currently accept biological evolution. Therefore, it is important to understand what factors are associated with a decline in the acceptance of evolution. Of particular interest for us is the relationship of individuals’ sense of trust in science in relationship to evolution acceptance.

Methods: Using the Trust in Science and Scientists and Inventory of Student Evolution Acceptance we surveyed 159 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course. Additionally, we ...


Successes And Struggles Of Teaching: Perspectives Of Beginning, Mid-Career, And Veteran Teachers, Alyson Leah Lavigne, Amanda Rabidue Bozack Jan 2015

Successes And Struggles Of Teaching: Perspectives Of Beginning, Mid-Career, And Veteran Teachers, Alyson Leah Lavigne, Amanda Rabidue Bozack

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Wages that are not commensurate with level of education (National Association of Colleges and Employers [NACE], 2013), demanding responsibilities, and pressures leveraged by high-stakes testing and evaluation, have led to soaring rates of attrition and a disproportionate number of beginning teachers in U.S. classrooms. Teacher experience has decreased from a mode of 15 years in 1978–1988 to five in 2011–2012 (Ingersoll, Merrill, & Stuckey, 2014). And, nearly half of all teachers leave within five years costing U.S. public schools 2.6 billion dollars annually (Alliance for Excellent Education [AEE], 2004). These trends in the teaching workforce have important implications for school improvement, given that teachers show significant growth in their formative years (Henry, Bastian, & Fortner, 2011; Kersting, Chen, & Stigler, 2013; Rivkin, Hanushek, & Kain, 2005) and that all teacher turnover harms student achievement (Ronfeldt, Loeb, & Wyckoff, 2013). For these reasons, the insights of mid-career and veteran teachers who have successfully navigated the treacherous first ...


Middle School Teachers’ Discipline-Specific Use Of Gestures And Implications For Disciplinary Literacy Instruction, Amy Alexandra Wilson Jun 2014

Middle School Teachers’ Discipline-Specific Use Of Gestures And Implications For Disciplinary Literacy Instruction, Amy Alexandra Wilson

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Framed in theories of social semiotics, this descriptive multiple case study examined six middle school teachers’ use of gestures during one school year as they each taught two different subject areas: earth science, language arts, mathematics, and/or social studies. The data, which included field notes and photographs from 354 lessons and 151 video-recordings of lesson segments, were analyzed using constant comparative methods and multimodal concordance charts. The analyses indicated discipline-specific differences in types of gestures, frequency of gestures, and centrality of gestures to the teachers’ messages. Earth science depended on a variety of iconic and deictic gestures, the latter ...


Using Disciplinary Literacies To Enhance Adolescents' Engineering Design Activity, Amy Alexandra Wilson, Emma Smith, Daniel L. Householder Apr 2014

Using Disciplinary Literacies To Enhance Adolescents' Engineering Design Activity, Amy Alexandra Wilson, Emma Smith, Daniel L. Householder

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This comparative case study describes the literacy practices of two groups of adolescents as they sought to solve authentic problems through engineering design processes. Three types of data were collected as the groups addressed these problems: video- and audio-recordings of their conversations; adolescent-generated products; and pre- and post-challenge interviews. The authors used existing coding schemes of engineering design activity to identify when the adolescents enacted different stages of engineering design, as well as a modified form of constant comparative analysis to identify the literacy practices that corresponded with each stage. The analysis indicates that applications of literacy practices at each ...


A Typology Of Actional-Operational Modes In Earth Science And Implications For Science Literacy Instruction, Amy Alexandria Wilson Jun 2013

A Typology Of Actional-Operational Modes In Earth Science And Implications For Science Literacy Instruction, Amy Alexandria Wilson

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Framed in theories of social semiotics, this multiple case study describes and categorizes the actional-operational modes used by three middle school earth science teachers throughout the course of one school year. Data included field notes, photographs, and video-recordings of classroom instruction, as well as periodic interviews with the teachers. A constant comparative analysis of the data resulted in the creation of a typology of actional-operational modes according to how they fulfilled the ideational, interpersonal, and textual metafunctions of communication. Six categories of actional-operational modes were identified: gesture, embodied representation, moving objects on flat surfaces, moving objects through three-dimensional space,material ...


A Study Comparing Virtual Manipulatives With Other Instructional Treatments In Third- And Fourth-Grade Classrooms, P. Moyer-Packenham, J. Baker, A. Westenskow, K. Anderson, Jessica F. Shumway, K. Rodzon, K. Jordan, The Virtual Manipulatives Research Group At Utah State University Jan 2013

A Study Comparing Virtual Manipulatives With Other Instructional Treatments In Third- And Fourth-Grade Classrooms, P. Moyer-Packenham, J. Baker, A. Westenskow, K. Anderson, Jessica F. Shumway, K. Rodzon, K. Jordan, The Virtual Manipulatives Research Group At Utah State University

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

The study reported here examined virtual manipulatives as an instructional treatment in 17 third- and fourth-grade classrooms. Students were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: texts and physical manipulatives (PM), and virtual manipulatives (VM). Results revealed no significant differences in achievement between the treatments. Additional results showed that objective ability predicted fraction achievement; virtual manipulative use can be modulated by test question type (e.g., symbolic vs. pictorial); percentage of class time using representations differed between VM and PM classrooms; and percentage of class time spent using representation types differed, potentially providing differential opportunities to learn.


Becoming-Belieber: Girls' Passionate Encounters With Bieber Culture, Kortney Sherbine Jan 2013

Becoming-Belieber: Girls' Passionate Encounters With Bieber Culture, Kortney Sherbine

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

In this article, I draw on French philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s (1987) notion of becoming to consider the ways in which these encounters with people, materials, and technologies are productive, creating space for Beliebers to come into relationship with one another and with popular culture in ways that are new and that I never could have anticipated during my more carefully organized and school-curriculum-driven interactions with girls during my six years as an elementary school teacher. Through my current research into young girls’ after-school fanaticism, I have been able to come to know girls differently than I ...


Using Text Structures Of Information Books To Teach Writing In The Primary Grades, Sarah K. Clark, Cindy D. Jones, D. Ray Reutzel Jan 2013

Using Text Structures Of Information Books To Teach Writing In The Primary Grades, Sarah K. Clark, Cindy D. Jones, D. Ray Reutzel

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Synthesizing Multicultural, Global, And Civic Perspectives In The Elementary School Curriculum And Educational Research, Steven P. Camicia, Juanjuan Zhu Dec 2012

Synthesizing Multicultural, Global, And Civic Perspectives In The Elementary School Curriculum And Educational Research, Steven P. Camicia, Juanjuan Zhu

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Social networks and communities are rapidly expanding and changing due to the accelerating pace of globalization. In this article, we examine new possibilities for the reform of curriculum and educational research in a way that is responsive to increasingly multicultural and global communities. Drawing on literatures in the areas of multicultural, global, and civic education, we conducted a critical qualitative case study of four elementary school teachers. The teachers, two in the United States and two in the United Kingdom, are known to be exemplary at synthesizing multicultural, global, and civic education. We, the two authors, one a female from ...


Research On Distance Programs For Teachers & Administrators, Laura S. Foley Edd Oct 2012

Research On Distance Programs For Teachers & Administrators, Laura S. Foley Edd

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Distance access to quality preparation in university teacher certification programs is crucial to solving teacher shortages. This paper aggregates the data from several gathering sources which were designed to evaluate distance program features for quality, access, and delivery through the perceptions of participating preservice teachers at Utah State University.


Enhancing Alphabet Knowledge Instruction: Research Implications And Practical Strategies For Early Childhood Educators, Cindy D. Jones, Sarah K. Clark, D. Ray Reutzel Jun 2012

Enhancing Alphabet Knowledge Instruction: Research Implications And Practical Strategies For Early Childhood Educators, Cindy D. Jones, Sarah K. Clark, D. Ray Reutzel

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Alphabet knowledge is consistently recognized as the strongest, most durable predictor of later literacy achievement. Recent research offers practical implications for increased effectiveness of teaching alphabet knowledge to young children. In this article, we outline Enhanced Alphabet Knowledge instruction (EAK), a method of practical instruction that early childhood teachers can use to organize, plan, and teach the essential skills of alphabet knowledge. EAK emphasizes identifying the letter name and sound, recognizing the letter in text, and producing the letter form, through flexible, distributed cycles of review based on factors that influence acquisition of alphabet knowledge.


Taking A Closer Look: Teaching Students To Be Metacognitive, Sarah K. Clark Apr 2012

Taking A Closer Look: Teaching Students To Be Metacognitive, Sarah K. Clark

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Teaching Anxieties Revealed: Pre-Service Elementary Teachers’ Reflections On Their Mathematics Teaching Experiences, A. Brown, A. Westenskow, Patricia Moyer-Packenham Jan 2012

Teaching Anxieties Revealed: Pre-Service Elementary Teachers’ Reflections On Their Mathematics Teaching Experiences, A. Brown, A. Westenskow, Patricia Moyer-Packenham

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Over the last 50 years, there has been ample research dedicated to mathematics anxiety in contexts of teaching and learning. However, there has been less attention focused on pre-service teachers' anxieties about teaching mathematics in classroom settings. This study analyzed pre-service teachers' reflections at the conclusion of an elementary mathematics field experience in order to determine common themes surrounding anxiety-related events based on mathematics practice-teaching experiences. Through qualitative analysis of pre-service teachers' reflections using open and axial coding, three categories and ten themes surrounding elementary pre-service teachers' anxiety-related events based on mathematics practice-teaching experiences emerged. Some of the themes presented ...


Processes And Pathways: How Do Mathematics And Science Partnerships Measure And Promote Growth In Teacher Content Knowledge?, Patricia S. Moyer-Packenham, A. Westenskow Jan 2012

Processes And Pathways: How Do Mathematics And Science Partnerships Measure And Promote Growth In Teacher Content Knowledge?, Patricia S. Moyer-Packenham, A. Westenskow

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Intense focus on student achievement results in mathematics and science has brought about claims that K-12 teachers should be better prepared to teach basic concepts in these disciplines. The focus on teachers' mathematics and science content knowledge has been met by efforts to increase teacher knowledge through funded national initiatives focusing on mathematics and science. The purpose of the present study was to look across projects in the National Science Foundation's Math and Science Partnership Program to determine how partnerships developed processes for measuring growth in teacher content knowledge. Pre- and post-testing was the most common process for measuring ...


Through The Eyes Of The Novice Teacher: Perceptions Of Mentoring Support, Sarah K. Clark, D. Byrnes Jan 2012

Through The Eyes Of The Novice Teacher: Perceptions Of Mentoring Support, Sarah K. Clark, D. Byrnes

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Making Sense Of Integer Arithmetic: The Effect Of Using Virtual Manipulatives On Students' Representational Fluency, J. Bolyard, Patricia Moyer-Packenham Jan 2012

Making Sense Of Integer Arithmetic: The Effect Of Using Virtual Manipulatives On Students' Representational Fluency, J. Bolyard, Patricia Moyer-Packenham

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study investigated how the use of virtual manipulatives in integer instruction impacts student achievement for integer addition and subtraction. Of particular interest was the influence of using virtual manipulatives on students’ ability to create and translate among representations for integer computation. The research employed a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design. Ninety-nine sixth-grade students participated over a four-week period. Six classes were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Students increased in integer computation achievement and demonstrated facility with pictures and written representations. Students had more difficulty creating symbolic representations and making connections among this and other representational forms.


Synthesizing Multicultural, Global, And Civic Perspectives In The Elementary School Curriculum And Educational Research, Steven P. Camicia, J. Zhu Jan 2012

Synthesizing Multicultural, Global, And Civic Perspectives In The Elementary School Curriculum And Educational Research, Steven P. Camicia, J. Zhu

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Dreaming In Context: Micro- And Structural Transformations In An Age Of Standardized Testing, Sue Kasun Jan 2012

Dreaming In Context: Micro- And Structural Transformations In An Age Of Standardized Testing, Sue Kasun

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Learning Mathematics With Technology: The Influence Of Virtual Manipulatives On Different Achievement Groups, Patricia Moyer-Packenham, Jennifer Suh Jan 2012

Learning Mathematics With Technology: The Influence Of Virtual Manipulatives On Different Achievement Groups, Patricia Moyer-Packenham, Jennifer Suh

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study examined the influence of virtual manipulatives on different achievement groups during a teaching experiment in four fifth-grade classrooms. During a two-week unit focusing on two rational number concepts (fraction equivalence and fraction addition with unlike denominators) one low achieving, two average achieving, and one high achieving group participated in two instructional treatments (three groups used virtual manipulatives and one group used physical manipulatives). Data sources included pre- and post-tests of students’ mathematical content knowledge and videotapes of classroom sessions. Results of paired samples t-tests examining the three groups using virtual manipulatives indicated a statistically significant overall gain following ...


Paraprofessionals-To-Teacher: Toward Better Practice In Teacher Certification Programs, Laura S. Foley Edd Oct 2011

Paraprofessionals-To-Teacher: Toward Better Practice In Teacher Certification Programs, Laura S. Foley Edd

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

The retention of paraprofessionals in university teacher certification programs is crucial to solving teacher shortages. This two-year study assessed teacher motivation among 25 preservice teachers.


Common Features Of Professional Development Activities For Mathematics And Science Teachers, Patricia S. Moyer-Packenham, J. J. Bolyard, J. Oh, N. I. Cerar Jan 2011

Common Features Of Professional Development Activities For Mathematics And Science Teachers, Patricia S. Moyer-Packenham, J. J. Bolyard, J. Oh, N. I. Cerar

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study examines professional development activities provided for

mathematics and science teachers in the National Science Foundation’s Math and Science Partnership Program by analyzing a cross-sectional sample of over 2000 professional development (PD) activities in the program. Data were gathered from secondary source documents and surveys to examine core and structural features of professional development offerings (i.e. form, collective participation, content, duration and outcomes). The results from this sample of PD activities for mathematics and science teachers were mixed. There was evidence of researchbased practices, including the collective participation by teachers at the same grade levels, a focus ...


Scientific Inquiry In The Genetics Laboratory: Biologists And University Science Teacher Educators Collaborating To Increase Engagements In Science Processes., Todd Campbell, P. G. Wolf, J. P. Der, E. Packenham, N. Abd-Hamid Jan 2011

Scientific Inquiry In The Genetics Laboratory: Biologists And University Science Teacher Educators Collaborating To Increase Engagements In Science Processes., Todd Campbell, P. G. Wolf, J. P. Der, E. Packenham, N. Abd-Hamid

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.