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Full-Text Articles in Education

Graduate Ethics Education: A Content Analysis Of Syllabi, Shannon M. Grifith, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Austin J. Anderson Nov 2014

Graduate Ethics Education: A Content Analysis Of Syllabi, Shannon M. Grifith, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Austin J. Anderson

Psychology Faculty Publications

Ethical practice of psychology is emphasized by APA accreditation requirements. The current study is a content analysis of 53 ethics courses syllabi from all APA accredited programs listed in the American Psychologist 2011 annual report. This article is a companion to Domenech Rodríguez et al. (2013) and contributes knowledge on the current state of graduate ethics education. Of the parent project respondents (N = 364), 14% returned syllabi for the present study. General information (e.g., objectives, honor code, academic honesty, common policy, and classroom expectations), assignments, APA format, and teaching sources were coded. Coding of objectives were developed from McKeachie ...


Ethics Education In Professional Psychology: A Survey Of American Psychological Association Accredited Programs, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Jennifer A. Erickson Cornish, Janet T. Thomas, Linda Forrest, Austin Anderson, James N. Bow Nov 2014

Ethics Education In Professional Psychology: A Survey Of American Psychological Association Accredited Programs, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Jennifer A. Erickson Cornish, Janet T. Thomas, Linda Forrest, Austin Anderson, James N. Bow

Psychology Faculty Publications

Professional psychologists are expected to know ethical standards and engage in proactive analysis of ethical considerations across professional roles (e.g., practice, research, teaching). Yet, little is known about the current state of doctoral ethics education in professional psychology, including the content covered and pedagogical strategies used to ensure developing this core component of professional competency (de las Fuentes, Willmuth, & Yarrow, 2005). A survey of ethics educators from APAaccredited programs across the United States and Canada resulted in 136 instructors reporting on their program's ethics training. The majority of questionnaires returned were from PhD programs (77.9%). A substantial ...


Testing For Measurement Invariance And Latent Mean Differences Across Methods: Interesting Incremental Information From Multitrait-Multimethod Studies, Christian Geiser, G. Leonard Burns, Mateu Servera Oct 2014

Testing For Measurement Invariance And Latent Mean Differences Across Methods: Interesting Incremental Information From Multitrait-Multimethod Studies, Christian Geiser, G. Leonard Burns, Mateu Servera

Psychology Faculty Publications

Models of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) are frequently applied to examine the convergent validity of scores obtained from multiple raters or methods in so-called multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) investigations. We show that interesting incremental information about method effects can be gained from including mean structures and tests of MI across methods in MTMM models. We present a modeling framework for testing MI in the first step of a CFA-MTMM analysis. We also discuss the relevance of MI in the context of four more complex CFA-MTMM models with method factors. We focus on three recently developed multiple-indicator CFA-MTMM models for structurally different methods ...


Functional And Self-Rated Health Mediate The Association Between Diabetes And Depression, Christian Geiser, Sylvia Boehme, Babette Renneberg Sep 2014

Functional And Self-Rated Health Mediate The Association Between Diabetes And Depression, Christian Geiser, Sylvia Boehme, Babette Renneberg

Psychology Faculty Publications

Depression is common among persons with diabetes and associated with adverse health outcomes. To date, little is known about the causal mechanisms that lead to depression in diabetes. The aim of the present study was to examine to which extent functional and self-rated health mediate the association between physical health and depressive symptoms in diabetes. Data of n = 3222 individuals with type 2 diabetes were analyzed cross-sectionally and longitudinally at three measurement occasions using path analysis. Indicators of physical health were glycemic control, number of comorbid somatic diseases, BMI, and insulin dependence. Furthermore, functional health, self-rated health and depressive symptoms ...


Is Adding More Indicators To A Latent Class Analysis Beneficial Or Detrimental? Results Of A Monte Carlo Study, Christian Geiser, Ingrid C. Wurpts Aug 2014

Is Adding More Indicators To A Latent Class Analysis Beneficial Or Detrimental? Results Of A Monte Carlo Study, Christian Geiser, Ingrid C. Wurpts

Psychology Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to examine in which way adding more indicators or a covariate influences the performance of latent class analysis (LCA). We varied the sample size (100 ≤ N ≤ 2000), number, and quality of binary indicators (between 4 and 12 indicators with conditional response probabilities of [0.3, 0.7], [0.2, 0.8], or [0.1, 0.9]), and the strength of covariate effects (zero, small, medium, large) in a Monte Carlo simulation study of 2- and 3-class models. The results suggested that in general, a larger sample size, more indicators, a higher quality of indicators ...


Medical Professionalism: An Experimental Look At Physicians’ Facebook Profiles, Joseph W. Clyde, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Christian Geiser Jun 2014

Medical Professionalism: An Experimental Look At Physicians’ Facebook Profiles, Joseph W. Clyde, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Christian Geiser

Psychology Faculty Publications

Background: Use of social networking services (SNS) is on the rise. While many users sign in for personal purposes, it is not uncommon for professionals to connect over SNSs with clients, students, and patients.

Methods: The present study used an experimental approach to examine how medical doctors’ SNS profiles impacted potential patients’ impressions of professionalism. Participants (N=250 students) were randomly assigned to view one of six Facebook profiles. Profiles were populated with 1) solely professional material, 2) personal material that was strictly healthy, or 3) personal material that included unhealthy behavior. Profiles portrayed a male or female physician resulting ...


A Longitudinal Multilevel Cfa-Mtmm Model For Interchangeable And Structurally Different Methods, Christian Geiser, Tobias Koch, Martin Schultze, Michael Eid Apr 2014

A Longitudinal Multilevel Cfa-Mtmm Model For Interchangeable And Structurally Different Methods, Christian Geiser, Tobias Koch, Martin Schultze, Michael Eid

Psychology Faculty Publications

One of the key interests in the social sciences is the investigation of change and stability of a given attribute. Although numerous models have been proposed in the past for analyzing longitudinal data including multilevel and/or latent variable modeling approaches, only few modeling approaches have been developed for studying the construct validity in longitudinal multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) measurement designs. The aim of the present study was to extend the spectrum of current longitudinal modeling approaches for MTMM analysis. Specifically, a new longitudinal multilevel CFA-MTMM model for measurement designs with structurally different and interchangeable methods (called Latent-State-Combination-Of-Methods model, LS-COM) is presented ...


Examining Psychological Inflexibility As A Transdiagnostic Process Across Psychological Disorders, Michael E. Levin, Chelsea Maclane, Susan Daflos, John R. Seeley, Steven C. Hayes, Anthony Biglan, Jacqueline Pistorello Jan 2014

Examining Psychological Inflexibility As A Transdiagnostic Process Across Psychological Disorders, Michael E. Levin, Chelsea Maclane, Susan Daflos, John R. Seeley, Steven C. Hayes, Anthony Biglan, Jacqueline Pistorello

Psychology Faculty Publications

The current cross-sectional study examined psychological inflexibility, a process in which behavior is rigidly guided by psychological reactions rather than direct contingencies or personal values, as a transdiagnostic process relevant to a range of depressive, anxiety, substance use and eating disorders. A sample of 972 first-year college students between 17 and 20 years of age completed self-report measures of psychological inflexibility and psychological distress as well as a structured diagnostic interview. Psychological inflexibility was significantly higher across a range of current and lifetime depressive and anxiety disorders as well as lifetime history of eating disorders, relative to students with no ...


Feasibility Of A Prototype Web-Based Acceptance And Commitment Therapy Prevention Program For College Students, Michael E. Levin, Jacqueline Pistorello, John R. Seeley, Steven C. Hayes Jan 2014

Feasibility Of A Prototype Web-Based Acceptance And Commitment Therapy Prevention Program For College Students, Michael E. Levin, Jacqueline Pistorello, John R. Seeley, Steven C. Hayes

Psychology Faculty Publications

Objective: This study examined the feasibility of a prototype web-based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) program for preventing mental health problems among college students. Participants: Undergraduate first-year students (n = 76) participated between May and November 2011. Methods: Participants were randomized to ACT or a waitlist with assessments conducted at baseline, post and 3-week follow-up. Waitlist participants accessed the program after the second assessment. Results: Program usability/usage data indicated high program acceptability. Significant improvements were found for ACT knowledge, education values and depression with ACT relative to waitlist. Subgroup analyses indicated ACT decreased depression and anxiety relative to waitlist among ...


Which Facets Of Mindfulness Are Related To Problematic Eating Among Patients Seeking Bariatric Surgery?, Michael E. Levin, Kristy Dalrymple, Susan Himes, Mark Zimmerman Jan 2014

Which Facets Of Mindfulness Are Related To Problematic Eating Among Patients Seeking Bariatric Surgery?, Michael E. Levin, Kristy Dalrymple, Susan Himes, Mark Zimmerman

Psychology Faculty Publications

There has been growing research indicating the potential positive benefits of mindfulness-based interventions for obesity, but few studies have examined the relationship of mindfulness processes to obesity-related behaviors, particularly among clinical populations such as bariatric surgery candidates. The current study examined the relationship of specific mindfulness facets to a variety of problematic eating behaviors assessed through diagnostic interviews in a clinical sample of 820 patients seeking bariatric surgery. Results indicated that greater mindfulness on specific facets, particularly acting with awareness, were related to less binge and emotional eating. Greater mindfulness was also related, though less consistently, to less habitual overeating ...