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Full-Text Articles in Education

Investigating Linguistic, Literary, And Social Affordances Of L2 Collaborative Reading, Joshua J. Thoms, Frederick Poole Jun 2017

Investigating Linguistic, Literary, And Social Affordances Of L2 Collaborative Reading, Joshua J. Thoms, Frederick Poole

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

This exploratory study analyzes learner–learner interactions within a virtual environment when collaboratively reading Spanish poetry in a Hispanic literature course at the college level via an ecological theoretical perspective (van Lier, 2004). The goals of the study are (a) to present empirical data that illustrate the theoretical construct of affordance in a virtual, collaborative reading environment, and (b) to investigate the pedagogical ramifications of using a digital annotation tool to involve learners in collaborative reading. Three distinct types of affordances emerged in the data: linguistic, literary, and social affordances. Our findings indicate that the number of literary and social ...


Perspectives On Effective Teaching In Dli And Foreign Language Classrooms, Karin Dejonge-Kannan, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante, Elizabeth Abell, Aaron Salgado Jan 2017

Perspectives On Effective Teaching In Dli And Foreign Language Classrooms, Karin Dejonge-Kannan, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante, Elizabeth Abell, Aaron Salgado

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Reflective Practitioners: Foreign-Language Teachers Exploring Self-Assessment, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante, Karin Dejonge-Kannan Nov 2016

Reflective Practitioners: Foreign-Language Teachers Exploring Self-Assessment, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante, Karin Dejonge-Kannan

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

It is the professional and personal responsibility of teachers to analyze, evaluate, reflect on, and improve their classroom practice (Desimone & Garet, 2016). This paper introduces a guided teacher observation model which combines both self and peer-observations, designed for Foreign-Language (FL) teachers to evaluate their own classroom practice through video recording and directed reflection. Instructors’ self-assessment statements that implement this model show that it enables teachers to identify and address their areas for improvement (Bailey, 1981; Barber, 1990; Zeichner & Liston, 2014; Spicer-Escalante & deJonge-Kannan, 2014). Moreover, this guided teacher observation model entails a dialogue between observed instructor and observers. It does not ignore peer-evaluations, but rather requires responsive and responsible observations that are merged later with the self-reflection written by the observed instructor. As research in the field shows, regularly implemented self-assessment averts negative performance appraisals and reduces the need for intervention by superiors (Barber, 1990), thus offering reflective practitioners a pathway not only to professional growth (Burns, 2015; Matsuda, 2015) but also to personal development. In our own research, this model has also served as an excellent tool to inform our peers about our discipline and about the complexities involved in the training of foreign language teachers.


Exploración De Las Narrativas BilingüEs Orales Y Escritas En Español E Inglés, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante Oct 2015

Exploración De Las Narrativas BilingüEs Orales Y Escritas En Español E Inglés, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

Este estudio investiga las diferencias y/o similitudes en las narrativas personales bilingües, español e inglés, de un grupo de estudiantes de escuela secundaria, cuando cuentan una historia de manera oral o escrita. Previos estudios sugieren que los estudiantes bilingües nativo-hablantes del español tienden a producir narrativas diferentes dependiendo de la lengua en que relatan las historias. Los participantes del estudio escribieron una narración en español y unos días después escribieron la misma narración en inglés. Posteriormente, durante una entrevista personal, se les pidió que contaran la narración que habían escrito, tanto en español como en inglés. Las muestras se ...


Second Language Research In Practice: Exploring Foreign Language Teaching, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante, Karin Dejonge-Kannan, Aliza M. Atkin Kroek Jan 2015

Second Language Research In Practice: Exploring Foreign Language Teaching, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante, Karin Dejonge-Kannan, Aliza M. Atkin Kroek

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Principle Of Reciprocity In Hospitality Contexts: The Relationship Between Tipping Behavior And Food Servers’ Approaches To Handling Leftovers, John S. Seiter, Harry Weger Dec 2014

The Principle Of Reciprocity In Hospitality Contexts: The Relationship Between Tipping Behavior And Food Servers’ Approaches To Handling Leftovers, John S. Seiter, Harry Weger

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

Based on the norm of reciprocity, this study hypothesized that food servers would earn higher tips when they boxed customers’ leftovers compared to having customers box leftovers themselves. In addition, the effect of writing messages (i.e., the date and/or customer’s name) on boxes of leftovers was explored. Two female food servers waited on 608 diners and boxed or did not box leftovers, and wrote or did not write messages on boxes. The hypothesis was supported. However, writing messages was not associated with tipping behavior.


In Their Own Words: Chinese Students In American Universities, Nolan Weil, Jianzhong Luo Mar 2014

In Their Own Words: Chinese Students In American Universities, Nolan Weil, Jianzhong Luo

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Materials For The Reading Class, Nolan Weil Mar 2013

Rethinking Materials For The Reading Class, Nolan Weil

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

With experienced teachers reading pedagogy revolves around activities that promote:
• Background knowledge
• Knowledge of text structure
• Vocabulary development
• Strategic reading
• Reading fluency
• Interactions around text
Inexperienced teachers can be mentored so that they learn to use texts to teach as experienced reading teachers teach. Publishers and materials writers can facilitate this by writing and publishing materials that have lots of stimulating text and instructional materials (e.g., pedagogical explanation, techniques, and recommendations) that empower teachers to teach.


Revising Our Curriculum/ Empowering Students: Teachers’ Preparation And Perceptions About Bilingual Writing, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante Nov 2011

Revising Our Curriculum/ Empowering Students: Teachers’ Preparation And Perceptions About Bilingual Writing, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

While emphasis on writing instruction has been a main concern in teaching Spanish to bilingual students in the U. S., it is an area in which very few theoretical advances have been made; in Mexico’s case the situation is even more challenging. Therefore, based on classroom observations, and individual interviews with both teachers and students, and on the collection of class syllabi, this paper seeks to describe the current state of affairs regarding Spanish and English writing instruction for bilingual students in both countries. The main objectives are: 1) the analysis and comparison of the diverse teaching methodologies that ...


The More They Read, The More They Can Read, Nolan Weil Mar 2011

The More They Read, The More They Can Read, Nolan Weil

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

We learn to read by reading, but improvement requires consistency and takes time. Extensive reading is not the silver bullet. Multiple approaches are necessary to promote high levels of L2 reading proficiency, but extensive reading is a vital component.


“Read It Again, Sam”: Giving Repeated Reading A Purpose, Nolan Weil Mar 2010

“Read It Again, Sam”: Giving Repeated Reading A Purpose, Nolan Weil

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

Readers’ Theater is an enjoyable and worthwhile activity in its own right. Moreover, the process of rehearsal in Readers’ Theater, by its very nature, entails repeated reading—a form of reading practice, which research has suggested has a positive effect on the development on reading fluency and ultimately on reading comprehension.


Análisis LingüÍstico De La Escritura BilingüE (Español-Inglés) De Los Hablantes De Español Como Lengua Hereditaria En Los Estados Unidos, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante Dec 2009

Análisis LingüÍstico De La Escritura BilingüE (Español-Inglés) De Los Hablantes De Español Como Lengua Hereditaria En Los Estados Unidos, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

Tradicionalmente; los hablantes de español por herencia (Spanish Heritage Speakers) en los Estados Unidos aprenden español en casa o en su comunidad. Sin embargo; la mayoría no recibe instrucción formal académica en español. Por lo tanto; su escritura en español y en inglés muestra ciertas características lingüísticas relevantes. En esta investigación se analizan los textos persuasivos/argumentativos de estudiantes universitarios de los siguientes grupos: hablantes de español por herencia (HELH); estadounidenses que estudian español (EESL) y mexicanos hablantes nativos de español (HNE). Los resultados del análisis lingüístico y estadístico sugieren que hay diferencias notables en la manera en la que ...


La Enseñanza De La Escritura De Textos Académicos Para Los Estudiantes BilingüEs: Prácticas Pedagógicas De Dos Preparatorias En México Y En Los Estados Unidos, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante Jan 2009

La Enseñanza De La Escritura De Textos Académicos Para Los Estudiantes BilingüEs: Prácticas Pedagógicas De Dos Preparatorias En México Y En Los Estados Unidos, Maria Luisa Spicer-Escalante

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

Con base en observaciones de clases, en el análisis de programas de estudio y en entrevistas individuales con los directores, maestros y estudiantes, este artículon tenta exponer la situación actual de la enseñanza de la escritura de textos académicos para los estudiantes bilingües en dos escuelas preparatorias de México y de los Estados Unidos. Esta investigación describe los métodos pedagógicos que senstrumentan en el aula para la enseñanza, la preparación académica y/o práctica de los maestros en cuestión de instrucción de la escritura y el efecto que estan instrucción tiene en la percepción que los estudiantes asumen respecto a ...


Vocabulary Size, Background Characteristics, And Reading Skill Of Korean Intensive English Students, Nolan Weil Dec 2008

Vocabulary Size, Background Characteristics, And Reading Skill Of Korean Intensive English Students, Nolan Weil

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

This study examines the relationship between breadth of vocabulary, background experiences in learning English and student skill in the reading of an academic text. The author used the Swansea Levels Tests to estimate vocabulary sizes and collected information on background characteristics via questionnaire from eleven Korean students enrolled in an Intensive English program and five Korean undergraduate students at Utah State University. Eight of the Intensive English students were subsequently trained in a think-aloud procedure and then completed a research task in which they read a 960-word essay. The task required the students to think aloud as they attempted to ...