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Old Dominion University

2008

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Achievement Motivation In African American College Students, April Michelle Muldrow Oct 2008

Achievement Motivation In African American College Students, April Michelle Muldrow

Psychology Theses & Dissertations

This study investigated the relationship between academic performance and stereotype threat (ST), achievement motivation, and racial socialization for African American (AA) students at an historically black university. Participants were 108 students randomly assigned to high or low ST condition. Students completed a performance measure, Noncognitive Questionnaire (NCQ), and Teenager Experience of Racial Socialization Scale (TERS) (Sedlacek, 2004; Stevenson et al., 2002). Results indicated that performance was not dependent upon threat, p = .63. Appreciation of AA culture was negatively associated with performance, p = .05. Drive toward academic self-development was positively related to performance, p = .05. Limitations and implications are discussed.


Perceptual Differences In Quality Standards Among Teachers And Related Service Personnel Who Work With Students With Emotional/Behavioral Disorders, Maria L. Manning, Lyndal M. Bullock, Robert A. Gable Oct 2008

Perceptual Differences In Quality Standards Among Teachers And Related Service Personnel Who Work With Students With Emotional/Behavioral Disorders, Maria L. Manning, Lyndal M. Bullock, Robert A. Gable

Communication Disorders & Special Education Faculty Publications

Current legislation requires school personnel to identify indicators of quality instruction for all students—including students with emotional and behavioral disorders (E/BD). While competency standards provide a measure of highly qualified teachers, questions remain whether or not there are inherent differences in what is expected by teachers and related service personnel within the classroom. Given present emphasis on inclusive education and, in light of a succession of reform initiatives it is time to reexamine perceived differences in level of relative importance attached to knowledge and skills statements based on standards established by the Council for Exceptional Children between teachers ...


Effect Of Outside Employment On Academic Success Among Full-Time Associate Degree Nursing Students, Julian A. Moore Jul 2008

Effect Of Outside Employment On Academic Success Among Full-Time Associate Degree Nursing Students, Julian A. Moore

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

Large portions of the United States are experiencing a shortage of nurses in the workplace. In 2001 the American Hospital Association reported that there were 126,000 vacancies for RNs nationwide. Sixty percent of all U.S. educated RNs who entered the field in 2000 received their education at the associate degree level and 79% of these associate degree recipients graduated from a community college. Improving completion rates in nursing programs is one major strategy in the effort to relieve this shortage of nurses.

The intent of this research was to study the effect of various factors on the academic ...


The Relationship Of Teacher Route To Certification To Student Outcomes On Statewide Social Studies Assessment, Aaron L. Smith Apr 2008

The Relationship Of Teacher Route To Certification To Student Outcomes On Statewide Social Studies Assessment, Aaron L. Smith

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

Public school divisions face daunting challenges today. One such challenge is the ability to recruit and retain highly qualified and effective teachers. Endemic teacher shortages coupled with escalating national education standards make it imperative that school divisions hire and retain teachers who can positively and immediately impact student achievement. Schools without effective teachers face possible sanctions, which could include re-staffing of the school, parental choice that would allow the student population to attend more successful schools and loss of funds.

At the same time, colleges and universities have begun alternative certification programs in an effort to compensate for teacher shortages ...


A Program Evaluation Of Supplemental Instruction For Developmental Mathematics At A Community College In Virginia, Marilyn Lawson Peacock Apr 2008

A Program Evaluation Of Supplemental Instruction For Developmental Mathematics At A Community College In Virginia, Marilyn Lawson Peacock

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

With the current emphasis on accountability and the importance of math skills in our present economy, the success of developmental mathematics students at community colleges is critical. How to improve the success of these developmental students has become the impetus for many educational initiatives. One educational innovation in tutoring, called supplemental instruction, has been successfully applied to high-risk courses which are defined to have a failure rate in excess of 30%. Mid-Atlantic Community College, in its Title III grant which seeks to improve the success of developmental students, selected supplemental instruction as its initiative. This program evaluation investigated the effects ...


Application Of The Interactional Model Of Cultural Diversity To Identify Diversity Climate Factors Associated With Organizational Effectiveness In Accredited U.S. Physical Therapist Education Programs, Elizabeth Francis Giles Jan 2008

Application Of The Interactional Model Of Cultural Diversity To Identify Diversity Climate Factors Associated With Organizational Effectiveness In Accredited U.S. Physical Therapist Education Programs, Elizabeth Francis Giles

Health Services Research Dissertations

Accredited U.S. physical therapist education programs are responsible for the preparation of its graduates to provide culturally sensitive care to meet the physical therapy needs of an increasingly diverse population. While the importance of workforce diversity has been articulated, the effect of diversity climate on organizational effectiveness within accredited U.S. physical therapist education programs has not been described. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Interactional Model of Cultural Diversity (IMCD, Cox, 1993) as a theoretical framework to identify diversity climate factors associated with organizational effectiveness in accredited U.S. physical therapist education ...


Enhancing Research In A Family Medicine Program: One Institution's Story, Fred Tudiver, Kaethe P. Ferguson, Jim L. Wilson, Gary Kukulka Jan 2008

Enhancing Research In A Family Medicine Program: One Institution's Story, Fred Tudiver, Kaethe P. Ferguson, Jim L. Wilson, Gary Kukulka

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Background and Objectives: To enhance research productivity among East Tennessee State University's faculty, the Department of Family Medicine developed and implemented a multi-component initiative to expand multidisciplinary primary care research.

Methods: The research support infrastructure expanded to include a family physician research director, three PhD faculty researchers, two research assistants, a statistician, and a grant/science writer. A monthly seminar series, quarterly workshops, and a formal mentoring program paired more-experienced with less-experienced faculty researchers. Through a competitive mechanism in which junior faculty submitted proposals, a multidisciplinary committee selected two family physician researchers to receive protected time to develop their ...


Open And Accessible: The Relationship Between Closures And Circulation In School Library Media Centers, Gail Dickinson, Karen Gavigan, Shana Pribesh Jan 2008

Open And Accessible: The Relationship Between Closures And Circulation In School Library Media Centers, Gail Dickinson, Karen Gavigan, Shana Pribesh

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

A hallmark of school library media best practice is for the library media center to be open and accessible to patron use before, during, and after the school day and throughout the entire school year. Anecdotal evidence and informal discussion among school library media specialists indicate that library media facilities are sometimes used for activities unrelated to the mission of the school library media program in the school. These activities may close the library media center to regular patron use for all or part of the school day. This study surveyed school library media specialists in two states and examined ...


Primary Teachers' Knowledge And Knowledge Calibration Of Early Literacy Practices, Tami Al-Hazza, Charlene Fleener, Jane Hager Jan 2008

Primary Teachers' Knowledge And Knowledge Calibration Of Early Literacy Practices, Tami Al-Hazza, Charlene Fleener, Jane Hager

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

This research design was based on the knowledge calibration work by Cunningham, Perry, Stanovich, and Stanovich (2004). One hundred and forty-one full time teachers participated in a four day professional development workshop on research-based reading instruction. Participants were administered a three-part survey comprised of 1) demographic information 2) knowledge calibration items measuring perceived understanding of phonics, phonological awareness, and syllabication and 3) phonics pretest published in Self-Paced Phonics: A Text for Educators (2005). There were statistically significant differences between participants who rated their knowledge as high and those who rated their knowledge as low on the phonological and phonics items ...


A Follow-Up Study Of Technology Education Graduates From Old Dominion University 2002-2006, Johnny F. Mack Jan 2008

A Follow-Up Study Of Technology Education Graduates From Old Dominion University 2002-2006, Johnny F. Mack

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

Through this follow-up study, survey data were collected toward fulfilling the following objectives: Determine whether graduates of Old Dominion University's Technology Education undergraduate program were adequately prepared to assume teaching positions; Determine what improvements can be made to the undergraduate curriculum at Old Dominion University based upon graduate's feedback; and Determine whether the standards established through the Standards of Technological Literacy framework were being attained.


The Use Or Non-Use Of Calculators Affects On Student's Ability To Perform Basic Mathematics Problems, Christina Miles Jan 2008

The Use Or Non-Use Of Calculators Affects On Student's Ability To Perform Basic Mathematics Problems, Christina Miles

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to determine if the use or non-use of calculators in eighth grade mathematics classes affects a student's ability to solve basic mathematics equations in the Teen living (family and Consumer Science) class when working with simplistic life skill problems.


Career Placement Of Graduates Who Received A Bachelor Of Science Degree In Training Specialist, Latrey E. Myrick Jan 2008

Career Placement Of Graduates Who Received A Bachelor Of Science Degree In Training Specialist, Latrey E. Myrick

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To determine career placement of college graduates who received a Bachelor of Science degree from Old Dominion University in the training specialist major, the following research objectives were analyzed: Determine whether Old Dominion University graduates were currently working within the training career field; Determine whether Old Dominion University graduates accepted lower occupational status positions and/or lower pay than often provided in their major; and determine whether Old Dominion University graduates were facing unemployment following a year of degree completion.


Relationship Between Workplace Skills And Grade Point Averages As Predictors For Employment, John Nelson Jan 2008

Relationship Between Workplace Skills And Grade Point Averages As Predictors For Employment, John Nelson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the relationship between workplace readiness skills test scores of students' with their current year grade point average in the Information Technology and Telecommunication ATC courses as a predictor of successful employment.


Professional Development Topics For Marketing Education Teachers, Ashley E. Nunn Jan 2008

Professional Development Topics For Marketing Education Teachers, Ashley E. Nunn

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the topics for professional development days for marketing education high school teachers. To solve this problem the following questions will be asked: 1) How are professional development workshops perceived by marketing education teachers? 2) What topics do marketing education teachers want to learn through professional development? 3) What are suggestions for improvement of professional development for marketing education teachers?


Using Brain Compatible Assessment To Obtain Higher Test Scores As Compared To Multiple Choice Tests, Raena Weimer Jan 2008

Using Brain Compatible Assessment To Obtain Higher Test Scores As Compared To Multiple Choice Tests, Raena Weimer

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to determine whether high school students enrolled in Resource Management for Independent Living obtained higher test scores when evaluated using brain-compatible assessments.


Online Social Presence: A Study Of Score Validity Of The Computer-Mediated Communication Questionnaire, Cherng-Jyh Yen, Chih-Hsiung Tu Jan 2008

Online Social Presence: A Study Of Score Validity Of The Computer-Mediated Communication Questionnaire, Cherng-Jyh Yen, Chih-Hsiung Tu

Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis of the Computer-Mediated Communication Questionnaire scores, using structural equation modeling, to assess the consistency between the empirical data and the hypothesized factor structure of the CMCQ in the proposed models, which is stipulated by the theoretical framework and previous research. Online social presence is a vital affective learning factor that influences online interaction. In this study, online social presence was defined as the degree of feeling, perception, reaction, and trustworthiness of being connected by computer-mediated communication to another intellectual entity through electronic media. Currently, valid instruments to determine ...


Following Tradition: Young Adult Literature As Neo-Slave Narrative, Kaavonia Hinton Jan 2008

Following Tradition: Young Adult Literature As Neo-Slave Narrative, Kaavonia Hinton

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Challenge Course Effectiveness: The Impact On Leadership Efficacy And Work Efficacy Among College Students, Theresa Odello, Eddie Hill, Edwin Gomez Jan 2008

Challenge Course Effectiveness: The Impact On Leadership Efficacy And Work Efficacy Among College Students, Theresa Odello, Eddie Hill, Edwin Gomez

Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications

Challenge courses have become increasingly popular in recent years. Many groups are turning to half-day challenge courses due to time and financial constraints. Yet, few studies have quantified the benefits of a half-day course. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of participation in a four-hour challenge course on leadership efficacy and work efficacy of college students. Pretest, posttest, and follow-up questionnaires were utilized. T-test analyses found that participating in a challenge course has a significant positive effect on increasing one’s leadership and work efficacy from pretest to posttest, after participation in a four-hour challenge course ...


Introducing Hands-On Simulation Activities In Introduction To Engineering & Engineering Technology Class To Keep Students Engaged, Alok Verma Jan 2008

Introducing Hands-On Simulation Activities In Introduction To Engineering & Engineering Technology Class To Keep Students Engaged, Alok Verma

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

Low enrollment and high attrition rates have often plagued Engineering and Engineering Technology programs. Part of this problem can be attributed to the lack of engaging hands-on activities during the first year of instruction. Most engineering and technology programs require students to take natural science, math and some general education courses during the first two years with minimal technical content. To maintain student's interest in the technical career path, it is important that students establish a link between the theoretical knowledge and its application to solve real life problems early in their learning experience. Simulation based activities have a ...


Exceed Teaching Workshop: Tenth Year Anniversary, Allen Estes, Ronald Welch, Stephen Ressler, Norman Dennis, Debra Larson, Carol Considine, Tonya Nilsson, Jim O'Brien, Thomas Lenox Jan 2008

Exceed Teaching Workshop: Tenth Year Anniversary, Allen Estes, Ronald Welch, Stephen Ressler, Norman Dennis, Debra Larson, Carol Considine, Tonya Nilsson, Jim O'Brien, Thomas Lenox

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

In response to the need for faculty training, the American Society of Civil Engineers developed and funded the ExCEEd (Excellence in Civil Engineering Education) Teaching Workshop that is today - the summer of 2008 - celebrating its tenth year of existence. For the past decade, nineteen ExCEEd Teaching Workshops (ETW) have been held at the United States Military Academy, the University of Arkansas, and Northern Arizona University, with two more workshops scheduled for this summer for a total of 21 offerings. ETW has realized 449 graduates from 203 different U.S. and international colleges and universities. This paper summarizes the content of ...


Design And Develop A Cost Effective Microcontroller Training System For Distance Learning Engineering Students, Steve Hsiung, John Ritz, James Eiland Jan 2008

Design And Develop A Cost Effective Microcontroller Training System For Distance Learning Engineering Students, Steve Hsiung, John Ritz, James Eiland

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

This is the review of a NSF funded project that addresses the hands-on distance learning needs in microprocessor/microcontroller related courses. A research team designed a low cost training system with supporting instructional materials to assist the teaching of these concepts. Individual laboratory activities are being developed to reinforce student learning and skill development in programming concepts. This basic system format eventually will support an array of technology courses. This project involves two community colleges, Blue Ridge Community College (BRCC), VA and Olympic College (OC), WA, and a four-year university, Old Dominion University (ODU), VA, in a collaborative research team ...


Business And Industry Training Employment Opportunities, Christie Callahan Jan 2008

Business And Industry Training Employment Opportunities, Christie Callahan

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to determine employment opportunities for entry-level business and industry trainers within the Hampton Roads area.


Follow-Up Of Danville Community College Networking Track Iii Graduates Form 2005-2007, Steven Carrigan Jan 2008

Follow-Up Of Danville Community College Networking Track Iii Graduates Form 2005-2007, Steven Carrigan

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The focus of this study was to determine the graduate job placement rate of the Networking Track III curriculum offered at Danville Community College and what impact did obtaining this training have on their success.


A Follow-Up Study Of Marketing Education Graduates From Old Dominion University 2001-2007, Meghan Dowd Jan 2008

A Follow-Up Study Of Marketing Education Graduates From Old Dominion University 2001-2007, Meghan Dowd

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem in this study was to evaluate graduates of the marketing education program at Old Dominion University to determine the program's effectiveness in preparing them to enter the teaching profession.


An Analysis Of Tidewater Community College English Instructors' Attitudes Toward Using Instructional Technology, Linda Ferrara Jan 2008

An Analysis Of Tidewater Community College English Instructors' Attitudes Toward Using Instructional Technology, Linda Ferrara

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the attitudes of English composition instructors toward using instructional technology in a post-secondary composition course.


The Effects Of Technology Education On Science Achievement, Jessica L. Filosa Jan 2008

The Effects Of Technology Education On Science Achievement, Jessica L. Filosa

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the effect of technology education units on science achievement of third graders. To solve this problem, the following hypotheses were tested: 1) Within a third grade classroom, technology education units of instruction will affect students' achievement on the Science Tests For Higher Standards more than non-participants in such instruction. 2)Within a third grade classroom, technology education units of instruction will affect students' achievement on the Science Standards of Learning more than non-participants in such instruction.


Employees Attitudes And Perceptions Towards Training At Atlantic Container Line In Virginia Beach, Virginia, Colette Harmon Jan 2008

Employees Attitudes And Perceptions Towards Training At Atlantic Container Line In Virginia Beach, Virginia, Colette Harmon

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the training needs of employees at Atlantic Container Line in Virginia Beach, Virginia


The Effectiveness Of One Week Of Remediation For Geometry, Martha L. Hopkins Jan 2008

The Effectiveness Of One Week Of Remediation For Geometry, Martha L. Hopkins

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to explore how remediation affects SOL retake scores in geometry. The following hypothesis was developed to guide this study: Students who passed high school geometry, but failed the SOL test, will pass the SOL retest after completing the one-week Geometry SOL Remediation Recovery Program.


Perceptions Of Second-Level Managers' Performance In Student Affairs, Jennifer Kingsley Jan 2008

Perceptions Of Second-Level Managers' Performance In Student Affairs, Jennifer Kingsley

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

This study explored first- (subordinates) and second-level (managers) student affairs professionals' perceptions of managers' skills and abilities (N = 193). Participants in this study were members of the National Association for Student Personnel Administrators, National Association for Campus Activities, Association of College an University Housing Officer-International, and the Association on Higher Education and Disability in Virginia. Two instruments were used for the study: (1) Demographics, collecting demographic information and qualitative data, (2) Survey of Management Practices, which assesses managers' skills and abilities.

The respondents were predominantly Caucasian (82%), female (62%), between 26–40 years old (72%), and held a master's ...


School District Budgeting In The Era Of Increased Accountability And No Child Left Behind: A Mixed Methods Case Study Of School District Budgeting Processes And The Correlation To Student Achievement, Scott Alan Burckbuchler Jan 2008

School District Budgeting In The Era Of Increased Accountability And No Child Left Behind: A Mixed Methods Case Study Of School District Budgeting Processes And The Correlation To Student Achievement, Scott Alan Burckbuchler

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

School district budgeting decisions take on added significance in light of fulfilling the objectives of No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). If NCLB's goal of 100% student proficiency by 2014 is to be realized, school districts, as part of their improvement plans, need to focus on how to ensure that appropriate resources are available to fund proven instructional strategies which produce results. Budgeting merges resources and results. This study examines school district budgeting processes in light of NCLB. Overall, it appears that, in the school districts represented, budgeting practices have changed since the introduction of NCLB. More specifically, there ...