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Old Dominion University

2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Education

Debate: A Teaching-Learning Strategy For Developing Competence In Communication And Critical Thinking, Michele Darby Oct 2007

Debate: A Teaching-Learning Strategy For Developing Competence In Communication And Critical Thinking, Michele Darby

Dental Hygiene Faculty Publications

The article highlights key benefits from debate as a teaching-learning strategy for developing critical thinking and analytical skills while fostering teamwork and communication. According to the author, it is an effective pedagogical strategy because of the level of responsibility for learning and active involvement required by all student debaters. She also notes that the debate strategy can be used as a method to achieve competencies in baccalaureate and graduate dental hygiene programs.


Teachers' Education And Training Factors And Their Influence On Formative Assessment Processes, William Clark Reed Jul 2007

Teachers' Education And Training Factors And Their Influence On Formative Assessment Processes, William Clark Reed

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This study sought to identify factors in teachers' education and training that may be associated with their capacity to use formative testing to inform instruction and, ultimately, improve their students' achievement. This research involved the identification of teachers' educational and training variables that might influence their abilities to analyze formative testing results, interpret the analyses, and modify instruction so as to improve students' achievement in third grade mathematics. The goal was to identify those factors in (1) teachers' educational histories and (2) teachers' professional development and training histories that contribute to their capacity to use formative testing results to inform ...


Articulation Trends In Allied Health Programs, Felicia M. Toreno Jul 2007

Articulation Trends In Allied Health Programs, Felicia M. Toreno

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Studies

The educational environment emphasizes student access to instructional opportunities. Many health programs are located in community colleges or hospitals, and in order to advance educational status, students must be able to transfer credits between multiple educational institutions. Unfortunately, programs are not uniform and many fields of study are guided by strict accreditation regulations. These conflicting requirements often make transfer for students cumbersome. Transfer pathways are often considered by institutions on a program by program basis. This research was designed to analyze the existing pathways present in urban Virginian allied health programs in order to establish trends in articulation. These instructional ...


A Comparison Of Anonymous Versus Identifiable E-Peer Review On College Student Writing Performance And The Extent Of Critical Feedback, Ruiling Lu, Linda Bol Jul 2007

A Comparison Of Anonymous Versus Identifiable E-Peer Review On College Student Writing Performance And The Extent Of Critical Feedback, Ruiling Lu, Linda Bol

Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications

Peer review has become commonplace in composition courses and is increasingly employed in the context of telecommunication technology. The purpose of this experiment was to compare the effects of anonymous and identifiable electronic peer (e-peer) review on college student writing performance and the extent of critical peer feedback. Participants were 92 undergraduate freshmen in four English composition classes enrolled in the fall semesters of 2003 and 2004. The same instructor taught all four classes, and in each semester, one class was assigned to the anonymous e-peer review group and the other to the identifiable e-peer review group. All other elements ...


The Impact Of Intercultural Training On The Satisfaction And Achievement Of Undergraduates Taught By International Teaching Assistants, Kirsten Jensen Jul 2007

The Impact Of Intercultural Training On The Satisfaction And Achievement Of Undergraduates Taught By International Teaching Assistants, Kirsten Jensen

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Much has been done to prepare international teaching assistants to teach American undergraduates, but very little has been done to help the undergraduates learn effectively from instructors of different cultural and linguistic backgrounds. This research used a quasi-experimental, quantitative approach combined with a small ethnographic study to examine the impact of a short intercultural training activity on the satisfaction and achievement of freshman students in the fall Freshman Biology laboratory course at a large public university in Virginia. Satisfaction was measured by the responses of students on an end-of-course questionnaire, and achievement by their grades in the course. Audio interviews ...


The Influence Of Color On The Teaching Of Juggling To Elementary School Children, Anne C. Mccoy Jul 2007

The Influence Of Color On The Teaching Of Juggling To Elementary School Children, Anne C. Mccoy

Human Movement Sciences Theses & Dissertations

Learning to juggle is difficult for elementary school students; it involves eye-hand coordination and complex movement patterns. Recognizing and using color for figure- and-ground visual perception is a necessary skill for tracking moving objects to catch them effectively. Can juggling instruction be influenced by the color of the juggling object used? Is one color more effective than another or does a combination of three different colors provide the most effective equipment choice?

Children in third, fourth, and fifth grade physical education classes were randomly assigned to color choices for juggling objects in a month-long unit of juggling instruction. The choices ...


The Influences Of Interaction On The Satisfaction, Achievement, And Retention Of Developmental Community College Students, Elizabeth Copeland Wilmer Jul 2007

The Influences Of Interaction On The Satisfaction, Achievement, And Retention Of Developmental Community College Students, Elizabeth Copeland Wilmer

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of social and academic interaction, demographic characteristics, social and academic adjustment, and learning communities on the satisfaction, achievement, and retention of developmental English community college students.

The literature presented discusses the retention theories of Tinto, Astin, and Bean and their overlapping ideas on persistence. A common thread among these theories is the role of academic and social interaction on the personal development, satisfaction, achievement, and retention of students. Learning communities represent one academic structure that has proven effective in increasing the level of academic and social interaction. Unfortunately, the existing ...


Motivation And Performance In Computer Science: Test Of An Integrative Theory, Katherine A. Selgrade Jul 2007

Motivation And Performance In Computer Science: Test Of An Integrative Theory, Katherine A. Selgrade

Psychology Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to design and empirically test a parsimonious integrative motivation theory. The theory integrates aspects of expectancy theory, social cognitive theory, goal-setting theory, and commitment theory. The theory was tested with 170 undergraduate, students in an introductory computer science (CS) course.

The study tested relationships among the following variables: CS self-efficacy, mathematics ability, affective commitment to the CS class, goal orientation, effort, and performance. The study also tested the interactive effects of effort and ability on performance. Structural equation modeling was used to test the measurement model and a series of nested structural models. Findings ...


Preservice And K–12 Inservice Teachers' Perceptions Of Appropriateness Of Teacher Self-Disclosure And Its Teaching Effectiveness, Shaoan Zhang Apr 2007

Preservice And K–12 Inservice Teachers' Perceptions Of Appropriateness Of Teacher Self-Disclosure And Its Teaching Effectiveness, Shaoan Zhang

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Situating teacher self-disclosure within a curriculum and instruction context, this research explored preservice and K-12 inservice teachers' perceptions of appropriateness of teacher self-disclosure and its teaching effectiveness as a component of the informal curriculum as well as an instructional tool. The following research questions were explored: (1) Is there any difference among preservice teachers and K-12 inservice teachers in their perceptions of appropriateness of teacher self-disclosure? (2) Is there any difference between preservice teachers and K-12 inservice teachers in their perceptions of appropriateness of teacher self-disclosure? (3) Is there any difference among K-12 inservice teachers in their application of teacher ...


Foundation Year Field Instruction In A Master Of Social Work Program: A Comparison Study Of Learning Outcomes For On-Campus And Off-Campus Students, Martha T. Early Apr 2007

Foundation Year Field Instruction In A Master Of Social Work Program: A Comparison Study Of Learning Outcomes For On-Campus And Off-Campus Students, Martha T. Early

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Studies

One of the major concerns in delivering a Master of Social Work program away from the main campus is comparability with the program as it is delivered on campus. Field education constitutes a substantial portion of the hours in a graduate program and is valued as the place where theory meets practice. Persons are involved in the delivery of field education include the students, the clients, the field instructors, and the field liaisons who teach the accompanying field seminars, and the Field Office personnel. This paper reports on a study that focused on learning outcomes of a foundation year field ...


Predictors Of Student Success In An Entry-Level Baccalaureate Dental Hygiene Program, Mohammad J. Alzahrani, Evelyn M. Thomson, Deborah Blythe Bauman Apr 2007

Predictors Of Student Success In An Entry-Level Baccalaureate Dental Hygiene Program, Mohammad J. Alzahrani, Evelyn M. Thomson, Deborah Blythe Bauman

Dental Hygiene Faculty Publications

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure the utility of various predictors used by the Old Dominion University Gene W. Hirschfeld School of Dental Hygiene baccalaureate degree dental hygiene program in selecting dental hygiene students who are most likely to graduate and be successful in passing the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE). The following factors were examined: grade point average (GPA); science GPA; final grade in various prerequisite courses; final grade in first-year dental hygiene courses; academic setting where prerequisite courses were completed; multiple attempts to achieve a passing course grade; and admissions criteria points (ACP).

METHODS ...


Diagnosing Reading Strategies: Paraphrase Recognition, Chutima Boonthum Apr 2007

Diagnosing Reading Strategies: Paraphrase Recognition, Chutima Boonthum

Computer Science Theses & Dissertations

Paraphrase recognition is a form of natural language processing used in tutoring, question answering, and information retrieval systems. The context of the present work is an automated reading strategy trainer called iSTART (Interactive Strategy Trainer for Active Reading and Thinking). The ability to recognize the use of paraphrase—a complete, partial, or inaccurate paraphrase; with or without extra information—in the student's input is essential if the trainer is to give appropriate feedback. I analyzed the most common patterns of paraphrase and developed a means of representing the semantic structure of sentences. Paraphrases are recognized by transforming sentences into ...


The Effectiveness Of 360-Degree Feedback Upon Supervision In Shenandoah Valley Social Services, Brian Dotson Jan 2007

The Effectiveness Of 360-Degree Feedback Upon Supervision In Shenandoah Valley Social Services, Brian Dotson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The goals of this research were to provide answers to the following questions: Will participation in 360-degree feedback within the organizational structure enhance supervisor and subordinate relationships? Does the absence of 360-degree feedback or peer evaluations prove to be a negative or a positive indicator of employee performance? When employees complete evaluations of their supervisors will it open future discussions between supervisor and subordinate?


Influence Of Questionnaire Format On The Response Rate Of Training Session Evaluations, Yumiao Zhu Jan 2007

Influence Of Questionnaire Format On The Response Rate Of Training Session Evaluations, Yumiao Zhu

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To answer this problem, the following research questions were established: What were respondents' concerns when they completed questionnaires after training? What were the participants' preferences regarding format when responding to a training evaluation questionnaire?


The Impact Of Stress Management On Nurse Productivity And Retention, Tammi F. Milliken, Paul T. Clements, Harry J. Tillman Jan 2007

The Impact Of Stress Management On Nurse Productivity And Retention, Tammi F. Milliken, Paul T. Clements, Harry J. Tillman

Counseling & Human Services Faculty Publications

Throughout the history of nursing there is a seeming legacy of personnel shortage, lack of funds, and, based on the nature of the role and related services, heightened levels of stress involved in patient care.

The future of the profession and more imminently, patient care and the health of nurses, may be significantly impacted by repeated challenges where current levels of stress and burnout are contributing to organizational problems, burnout, and attrition.

Employee stress and burn out commonly lead to myriad health-related problems that result in significant organizational consequences.

There are many methods of stress management, and sometimes the best ...


The Emergence Of Inclusion For Students With Disabilities In Ukraine, Sharon A. Raver Jan 2007

The Emergence Of Inclusion For Students With Disabilities In Ukraine, Sharon A. Raver

Communication Disorders & Special Education Faculty Publications

Since independence in 1991, Ukraine has struggled with restructuring its Soviet style educational system. The process has been sluggish and fraught with tension, resistance, and set backs, mirroring Ukraine's efforts to revamp its economy and regain productivity levels that characterized it prior to independence (Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, 2003). One of the initiatives currently being discussed is integration of students with disabilities with their nondisabled peers in educational and social settings. The debate has prompted heated discussions and caused some to recommend a reexamination of the special education system (Zasenko, 2004). This article discusses some of the ...


Comparison Of Perceptions Of Inclusion Between University Instructors And Students With Disabilities In Ukraine, Sharon A. Raver, Kateryna Kolchenko Jan 2007

Comparison Of Perceptions Of Inclusion Between University Instructors And Students With Disabilities In Ukraine, Sharon A. Raver, Kateryna Kolchenko

Communication Disorders & Special Education Faculty Publications

Ukraine is currently involved in a heated debate about inclusion at all levels of education. This debate has become part of the country's efforts to improve human rights. Prior to independence in 1991, students with disabilities in Ukraine who desired higher education were not permitted to attend universities. How instructors and students with disabilities perceive the process of integration is important for Ukraine's continued movement toward becoming an egalitarian society. This study examined the differences in attitude regarding inclusion and university life between university instructors and students with special needs attending Open International University of Human Development “UKRAINE ...


Technology Education Effects On High School Student's Test Scores, Ross B. Creecy Jan 2007

Technology Education Effects On High School Student's Test Scores, Ross B. Creecy

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The researcher will attempt to answer four specific questions with this study: Do technology education classes have a positive impact on students' SOL scores? On which academic subject's SOL test scores do technology education classes have the greatest impact? On which academic subject's SOL test scores do technology education have the least impact? What can technology education teachers do to increase their positive impact on academic test scores?


The Relationship Of College Gpa And Job Performance For Teaching Faculty At Blue Ridge Community College, Tim Nicely Jan 2007

The Relationship Of College Gpa And Job Performance For Teaching Faculty At Blue Ridge Community College, Tim Nicely

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To guide a solution to this problem, the following hypothesis was developed: 1. there is no correlation between full-time faculty member college GPA and their overall performance as a faculty member at Blue Ridge Community College.


A Comparison Between The Success Of Technological Literacy Programs At Landstown High School And Academy And Chantilly Academy, Vanessa Barger Jan 2007

A Comparison Between The Success Of Technological Literacy Programs At Landstown High School And Academy And Chantilly Academy, Vanessa Barger

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This research project sought to determine answers for each of the following research objectives: Discover the difference in curriculum offering between the two schools; Find the total enrollment numbers for both schools for courses offered; Find the program completion totals for each school per year; and Summarize the factors necessary for the creation of superior technological literacy programs for high school students.


Liberty Call And Navy Military Training, Yvette Isabel Bartholomew Jan 2007

Liberty Call And Navy Military Training, Yvette Isabel Bartholomew

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The hypothesis of this research study was as follows: 1. Navy military training using Liberty Call is effective when it comes to teaching new sailors about sexual harassment, fraternization, suicide awareness, drug and alcohol abuse, hazing, discrimination and sexual assault.


Effects Of Technology Based Interactive Multimedia On Training Of Laminators At General Dynamics Armament & Technical Products Manufacturing, Jeffrey D. Brough Jan 2007

Effects Of Technology Based Interactive Multimedia On Training Of Laminators At General Dynamics Armament & Technical Products Manufacturing, Jeffrey D. Brough

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To guide this study, the following hypothesis was established: For skin laminators working in the clean room at General Dynamics Armament & Technical Products, traditional methods of training, in conjunction with technology based interactive multimedia, will result in an increase in retention over a longer period of time with less direct human training needed.


The Effectiveness Of Employing Content Area Writing Strategies On Student Knowledge And Concept Retention As Measured By Performance On An Examination Based On The Comptia A+ Certification Objectives, Timothy A. Mcleod Jan 2007

The Effectiveness Of Employing Content Area Writing Strategies On Student Knowledge And Concept Retention As Measured By Performance On An Examination Based On The Comptia A+ Certification Objectives, Timothy A. Mcleod

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To guide this study, the following hypotheses were established: 1. The employment of content area writing exercises in the Information Technologies Pathways course will result in increased retention of basic computer knowledge and concepts; 2. The employment of content area writing exercises in the Information Technologies Pathways course will result in an increased percentage of students achieving passing scores on the CompTIA A+ Certification practice examination.


Assessment Of Carilion Health System Call Center, Donna Miller Jan 2007

Assessment Of Carilion Health System Call Center, Donna Miller

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem will be addressed with the following hypotheses: 1. There will be a significant difference in the length of time taken to answer a call comparing the operators and the call representatives of the Carilion Health System Call Center; 2. There will be a significant difference in performance of hospital operators compared to the performance of call center representatives in the amount of calls each group receives in a month's time.


The Relationship Between Grade Point Averages And Enrollment In A Marketing Work Program, Mikki M. Russel Jan 2007

The Relationship Between Grade Point Averages And Enrollment In A Marketing Work Program, Mikki M. Russel

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To solve this problem the following hypothesis was tested: 1. There is no significant difference in the grade point average of students at Western Branch High School who participate in the marketing work program and juniors and seniors who work but do not participate in the marketing work program.


Testing Methods And Pass/Fail Rates In Developmental Mathematics Classes At Southwest Virginia Community College, Charlotte Tiller Jan 2007

Testing Methods And Pass/Fail Rates In Developmental Mathematics Classes At Southwest Virginia Community College, Charlotte Tiller

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To solve this problem the following hypothesis was developed: There is no correlation between examination method and pass/fail rate of students in developmental mathematics at Southwest Virginia Community College.


Articulation Trends In Allied Health Programs, Felicia M. Toreno Jan 2007

Articulation Trends In Allied Health Programs, Felicia M. Toreno

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The educational environment emphasizes student access to instructional opportunities. Many health programs are located in community colleges or hospitals, and in order to advance educational status, students must be able to transfer credits between multiple educational institutions. Unfortunately, programs are not uniform and many fields of study are guided by strict accreditation regulations. These conflicting requirements often make transfer for students cumbersome. Transfer pathways are often considered by institutions on a program by program basis. This research was designed to analyze the existing pathways present in urban Virginian allied health programs in order to establish trends in articulation. These instructional ...


Addressing Urban High-Poverty School Teacher Attrition By Addressing Urban High Poverty School Teacher Retention: Why Effective Teachers Perservere, Sueanne E. Mckinney, Robert Q. Berry, Daniel L. Dickerson, Gloria Campbell-Whately Jan 2007

Addressing Urban High-Poverty School Teacher Attrition By Addressing Urban High Poverty School Teacher Retention: Why Effective Teachers Perservere, Sueanne E. Mckinney, Robert Q. Berry, Daniel L. Dickerson, Gloria Campbell-Whately

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

Recruiting and retaining quality teachers specific for high-poverty schools in urban areas is a national concern, especially in light of the "No Child Left Behind" federal legislation. The educational realities, detrimental effects of poverty, and human despair that often depress low-income communities can prove to be quite overpowering for many teachers new to the profession and significantly contribute to high levels of teacher absenteeism, attrition rates, and teacher shortages. Examining this issue through a new lens, that being through the eyes of effective urban high-poverty school educators, has the potential to spark spirited conversations and debates among policy makers and ...


Wealth And Achievement Gaps: An Examination Of Virginia Middle Schools, Paulette Natasha Richmond Jan 2007

Wealth And Achievement Gaps: An Examination Of Virginia Middle Schools, Paulette Natasha Richmond

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Studies

Achievement gaps, the focus of this research, result from unequal achievement and the variance in achievement existing between different segments of the student population, for example, the difference in achievement between minority students and non-minority students. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and AYP (Adequate Yearly Progress) focus on achievement gaps despite contradictory expressions about the efficacy of the act. The No Child Left Behind Act has created discussion and awareness of race, SES (economically advantaged and disadvantaged) and academic achievement.

There are conflicting beliefs about the impact of resources, funding and wealth on student achievement. This study ...


The Impact Of An Employer Sponsored Walking Program On Employees' Cardiovascular Risks, Joan Breslin Sechrist Jan 2007

The Impact Of An Employer Sponsored Walking Program On Employees' Cardiovascular Risks, Joan Breslin Sechrist

STEMPS Theses & Dissertations

The problem of this study was to determine if participation in an employer sponsored walking program reduced employees' cardiovascular health risks. The independent variable was the "WalkAbout with Healthy Edge" program and the dependent variables included: body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, cholesterol, amount of exercise, and tobacco use. The study population was an employer group of 1300, and 284 employees registered for the program. Due to attrition, 79 submitted the first month of step logs and participation decreased over the months respectively to 58, 40, 38, 32, and 29. Twenty-three participants submitted six months of walking logs, and pre-test ...