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Old Dominion University

1998

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Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Revolution In Higher Education, James V. Koch Oct 1998

The Revolution In Higher Education, James V. Koch

Economics Faculty Publications

Joseph Schumpeter, the Austrian born economist and social historian who spent a major part of his academic career at Harvard, was a cogent observer of how societies develop. His Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy is still considered a classic. Schumpeter spoke of "perennial gales of creative destruction" (often technological) that shock societies and force change. The advent of electricity and the coming of the automobile illustrate technologies that created new power arrangements and destroyed or modified existing institutions. Higher education is now in the midst of a Schumpeterian "gale of creative destruction"--a revolution, many say. After almost 150 years of ...


Urban University Adjunct Faculty Perceptions Of Professional Development Needs, Merodie Anne Hancock Apr 1998

Urban University Adjunct Faculty Perceptions Of Professional Development Needs, Merodie Anne Hancock

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to determine Old Dominion University adjunct faculty members' perceptions of their professional development needs. A three-round Delphi technique was employed as the primary research tool. An initial stratified sample of 120 current adjunct faculty members was selected by college associate deans. The research was conducted with 57 adjunct faculty members completing all three rounds of the study.

The first research question was to ascertain Old Dominion University adjunct faculty members' perceptions of their professional development needs toward teaching for an urban university. Sixteen development needs were derived representing all of the inputs from respondents ...


Predicting Academic Success Of Entering Freshmen At An Urban University Through The Assessment Of Oral And Written Language Competency, Karen D. Cobbs Apr 1998

Predicting Academic Success Of Entering Freshmen At An Urban University Through The Assessment Of Oral And Written Language Competency, Karen D. Cobbs

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

In Moores and Klas' (1989) definitive study on college student retention, postsecondary administrators ranked the maintenance of student enrollment second in importance on a list of twenty critical issues facing higher education. Of particular relevance to college administrators has been the retention and graduation of African-American college students (D. B. Hawkins, 1994; Western Reserve, 1991).

Researchers, in considering the overall problem of student attrition, particularly, among African-Americans, have explored such questions as these: Which students are dropping out (Sherman, Giles and Green, 1994; Robinson, 1992)? Why do they discontinue their studies (Austin, 1982; Bohr et al., 1995; Kraft, 1992; Tinto ...


Acute Blood Pressure Responses To Static And Dynamic Exercise: Racial Differences, Reuben Leon Wright Apr 1998

Acute Blood Pressure Responses To Static And Dynamic Exercise: Racial Differences, Reuben Leon Wright

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

African Americans have a higher incidence of hypertension than other racial groups. Furthermore, some research suggests that normotensive individuals who exhibit exaggerated blood pressure (BP) responses to exercise may be at risk for future hypertension. This study sought to determine if normotensive African Americans exhibited exaggerated BP responses to static exercise or dynamic exercise relative to Caucasian Americans and Asian Americans. Thirty normotensive subjects participated from each of the three racial groups (15 males and 15 females). Subjects held 30% of maximal voluntary contraction (right knee extension) for 3 minutes, and BP was recorded during the third minute. On a ...


Course Selection Factors Deemed Important By Dental Hygienists Prior To And After The Initiation Of Mandatory Continuing Education In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Melissa Lynn Sainsbury Apr 1998

Course Selection Factors Deemed Important By Dental Hygienists Prior To And After The Initiation Of Mandatory Continuing Education In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Melissa Lynn Sainsbury

Dental Hygiene Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to assess the factors deemed important by dental hygienists in their selection of continuing education courses prior to and after the initiation of mandatory continuing education in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Under mandatory continuing education, dental hygiene educators must be able to plan continuing education courses that meet the needs of potential participants.

Results indicate that relative to each other, the 15 factors within this study, ranked in a hierarchy of importance in continuing education course selection by dental hygienists. Mandatory requirement for relicensure and course time ranked higher and course presenter and cost ...


Retracing Gender Bias And The Validity Of Believed Differences Between Male And Female Coaches Of Women's Basketball, Melissa Baile Apr 1998

Retracing Gender Bias And The Validity Of Believed Differences Between Male And Female Coaches Of Women's Basketball, Melissa Baile

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Leaders in higher education and athletics are concerned with the decline in the number of female coaches. The lack of role models for young women athletes and the inability for young women to be hired into, and remain in, coaching is problematic to the development of women in society.

The results of Acosta's 1985 study indicated that athletic directors held two stereotypical beliefs regarding the decline in the number of female coaches: a lack of qualification and time constraints due to family responsibilities. The purpose of the current research is to address two questions: (1) are male athletic administrators ...


The Influence Of An Early Childhood Program On The Academic Achievement, Attendance, And Attitudes Of Urban At-Risk Students, Daisy Mccray Murphy Mar 1998

The Influence Of An Early Childhood Program On The Academic Achievement, Attendance, And Attitudes Of Urban At-Risk Students, Daisy Mccray Murphy

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of an early childhood preschool program on the achievement, attendance, and attitudes of at-risk students in an urban Southeastern school division in Virginia. The study compared two groups of Title I eligible four-year-olds, those who participated (n = 88) and those who did not non-participate (n = 54), in a preschool program. A review of the literature revealed that early intervention efforts have addressed the school success dilemma for at-risk students with varying degrees of effectiveness. Increased attention toward the implementation of developmentally appropriate learning environments have afforded at-risk students academic gains ...


A Study To Determine The Effect Of The Rosemont Middle School Mentor/Mentee Program Of Norfolk Public Schools On The Scholastic Advancement, Attitudes, And Behavior Of The Fall 1997 Sixth, Seventh, And Eighth Grade Mentees, Janice Kaye Ahrens-Bella Jan 1998

A Study To Determine The Effect Of The Rosemont Middle School Mentor/Mentee Program Of Norfolk Public Schools On The Scholastic Advancement, Attitudes, And Behavior Of The Fall 1997 Sixth, Seventh, And Eighth Grade Mentees, Janice Kaye Ahrens-Bella

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the effect of the Rosemont Middle School Mentor/Mentee program on scholastic advancement, attitudes and behavior of the Fall 1997 sixth, seventh, and eighth grade mentees.


A Study To Determine The Influence African-American Male Teachers Have On Improving Academic Success Among African-American Male 4th And 5th Grade Students At Jacox Elementary School, J. Frederick Braswell Jan 1998

A Study To Determine The Influence African-American Male Teachers Have On Improving Academic Success Among African-American Male 4th And 5th Grade Students At Jacox Elementary School, J. Frederick Braswell

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

In order to guide this study to determine the influence African-American male teachers have on improving academic success among African-American 4th and 5th grade students at Jacox Elementary School the following questions considered: 1. Do students at Jacox Elementary School perceive that there is a significant difference between African-American male students who have African-American male teachers? 2. Do African-American male students prefer teachers of the same ethnic group and gender? 3. Is there a significant difference between the number of African-American males suspended and placed in detention compared to the overall student body? 4. Does the number of African-American male ...


The Effectiveness Of Active And Passive Teaching Methods On The Retention Of Material Taught To The Naval Intelligence Officer's Basic Course (Nioc) Students For The Period Of One Week, Michael Casamassa Jan 1998

The Effectiveness Of Active And Passive Teaching Methods On The Retention Of Material Taught To The Naval Intelligence Officer's Basic Course (Nioc) Students For The Period Of One Week, Michael Casamassa

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

Based on the problem statement, the research hypothesis for this study is as follows: 1. Student Intelligence Officers taught using active teaching methods will attain higher academic scores and retain more information over the duration of the Naval Intelligence Officer Basic Course (NIOBC) than student Intelligence Officers taught using passive teaching methods.


A Study To Determine How Old Dominion University's Student Teachers Of Technology Education Appraised The Effectiveness Of Their Cooperating Teachers, Mark V. Crenshaw Jan 1998

A Study To Determine How Old Dominion University's Student Teachers Of Technology Education Appraised The Effectiveness Of Their Cooperating Teachers, Mark V. Crenshaw

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The objectives of this study were to explore the following questions: 1. What effect did the cooperating teacher have on the Technology Education teachers' success in their preparation for employment in the middle school and/or high school Technology Education program? 2. How did the Technology Education teachers perceive the student teacher/cooperating teacher relationship? 3. How did the cooperating teacher assist the student teacher to: apply technical content, select appropriate pedagogical practices, integrate technical content with instructional methods for delivery of satisfactory instruction.


A Study To Determine If Students Who Receive Satisfactory Grades In The Classroom Portion Of The Ford Asset Program Will Receive Corresponding Grades In The Co-Op Training Phase, John R. Cuprisin Jan 1998

A Study To Determine If Students Who Receive Satisfactory Grades In The Classroom Portion Of The Ford Asset Program Will Receive Corresponding Grades In The Co-Op Training Phase, John R. Cuprisin

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The hypothesis for this study was that students who receive satisfactory grades in the classroom portion of the Ford ASSET Program will also receive corresponding grades in the co-op training phase.


An Assessment Of Past Nasa Program Sponsored Pre-Service And In-Service Teachers To Determine The Impact Of Their Training And Preparation For The Computer Technology Standards Of Learning For Virginia Public School Educators, Lloyd B. Evans Jan 1998

An Assessment Of Past Nasa Program Sponsored Pre-Service And In-Service Teachers To Determine The Impact Of Their Training And Preparation For The Computer Technology Standards Of Learning For Virginia Public School Educators, Lloyd B. Evans

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To assist in solving these problems, the following objectives have been established: 1. To measure how well prepared the pre-service teachers are to use and teach instructional computer technology; 2. To measure in-service teachers' computer technology skills; 3. Assess teachers' integration of computer technology into the core curriculum; 4. Conduct a diminutive program evaluation of NASA computer technology education programs.


A Study To Compare The Rejection Rate Of Products Received From Iso Registered Vendors To That Of Non-Registered Vendors By A Manufacturer In Virginia Beach, Virginia During 1996, Joseph D. Frohwitter Jan 1998

A Study To Compare The Rejection Rate Of Products Received From Iso Registered Vendors To That Of Non-Registered Vendors By A Manufacturer In Virginia Beach, Virginia During 1996, Joseph D. Frohwitter

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The significance of this study is, although ISO registration is still relatively new in the United States, is it really needed in a manufacturing quality program. In this study we will determine if ISO registration increases quality in the product and reduced rejection rates as compared to non-ISO registered companies.


A Study To Assess The United States Navy's Explosive Ordinance Disposal Mobile Unit Two Emergency Medical Technician Program, James P. Halstead Jan 1998

A Study To Assess The United States Navy's Explosive Ordinance Disposal Mobile Unit Two Emergency Medical Technician Program, James P. Halstead

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

Contributing goals are: 1. Determine if a difference in national curriculum standards has changed the scope of emergency medical training approved by certified EOD personnel; 2. Determine if a difference in national curriculum standards has changed the standard of emergency medical training approved by certified EOD personnel; 3. Identify the training strengths/weaknesses in the current EOD/EMT Program; 4. If any weaknesses are found, recommend for consideration a course of action for medical command personnel.


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of The Leadership Management Development Certificate Program At Old Dominion University, Lorenza I. Harris Jan 1998

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of The Leadership Management Development Certificate Program At Old Dominion University, Lorenza I. Harris

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To solve this research problem, the researcher sought to answer the following questions: 1. Did the Leadership Management Development Certificate Program benefit the managers and supervisors who participated in it? 2. Why did the university's managers and supervisors participate in the program? 3. Was the training based on management and leadership issues at the university level? 3. As a result of the training, are the participants more aware of their leadership and management skills?


A Study To Determine The Correlation Between Extra Study Time After School To Grades Earned By Students, William P. Young Jan 1998

A Study To Determine The Correlation Between Extra Study Time After School To Grades Earned By Students, William P. Young

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were established to guide the research: 1. Determine the number of extra minutes of study each student spent during the course; 2. Determine the final percentage grade for each student for the course; 3. Determine if a correlation exists between extra minutes of study and grades for the subjects of this study.


A Study Comparing The Technical Problem Solving Abilities Of Middle School Students Who Have Participated In One Or More Technology Education Courses To Those Of Students Having No Course Work In Technology Education, Anthony A. Cardoza Jan 1998

A Study Comparing The Technical Problem Solving Abilities Of Middle School Students Who Have Participated In One Or More Technology Education Courses To Those Of Students Having No Course Work In Technology Education, Anthony A. Cardoza

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem in this study was to compare the technical problem solving capabilities of middle school students that have had one or more nine-week courses in technology education with the technical problem solving capabilities of middle school students that had no course work in technology education.


A Study To Determine Effects Of Parental Involvement On Njrotc Cadets' Grade Point Averages At Maury High School, Linda E. Fox Jan 1998

A Study To Determine Effects Of Parental Involvement On Njrotc Cadets' Grade Point Averages At Maury High School, Linda E. Fox

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This study was used to gain information about the success rate of Cadets who have parental support at home and comparing it to their grade point averages. The hypothesis used to guide this research study was: Maury High School NJROTC Cadets will have a higher grade point average if they have two parents living at home with them.


A Study Of Navy Personnel's Awareness Of Career Opportunities: Is The Career Information Program Working?, Larry E. Reisher Jan 1998

A Study Of Navy Personnel's Awareness Of Career Opportunities: Is The Career Information Program Working?, Larry E. Reisher

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To answer this goal the following objectives were established: 1. Determine if the Career Information Program is an effective tool for disseminating career information; 2. Determine if the Career Information Program is effective for assignment of sponsors for newly reporting personnel; 3. Assess whether the Professional Development Board is an active and ongoing process.


A Study Of First And Second Nine-Week Inter-Marking Period Grade Shifts In A Suburban Middle School, Rudolph J. Roethel Jan 1998

A Study Of First And Second Nine-Week Inter-Marking Period Grade Shifts In A Suburban Middle School, Rudolph J. Roethel

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The primary goal of this research is to explore the statistical relationship, if any, in grade drops between the first and second nine-week grading periods. Furthermore, the goal of this statistical analysis may provide: 1. A mechanism which may prove further the theoretical importance of social and psychological changes inherent in the adolescent as well as the teacher as accounting for such grade shifts; 2. A measurable indicator of possible changes in the intellectual, social, psychological and emotional climate of the classroom; 3. A subtle, valid observation which may allow teachers to adjust their teaching methods to enhance or suit ...


A Comparison Of Grades Of Mainstreamed Learning Disabled Students And Special Education Students, Francine D. Mitcham Jan 1998

A Comparison Of Grades Of Mainstreamed Learning Disabled Students And Special Education Students, Francine D. Mitcham

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The objectives of this study include: 1.Determine the grades of the learning disabled students in the regular English class; 2. Determine the grades of the learning disabled students in the special education class; 3. Determine if a significant difference in performance exists between grouping methods.


A Study Of Instructional Strategies, Behavior Management Techniques, And Classroom Adaptations Used By Technology Education Teachers With Seriously Emotionally Disturbed Students, James. R. Monn Jan 1998

A Study Of Instructional Strategies, Behavior Management Techniques, And Classroom Adaptations Used By Technology Education Teachers With Seriously Emotionally Disturbed Students, James. R. Monn

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The goals for this research paper will be to answer the following questions; 1. What instructional strategies are most effective with emotionally disturbed students? 2. Are there behavior management techniques that work well with this population? 3. Are there adaptations that can be made in the classroom environment to facilitate the mainstreaming of emotionally disturbed students?


A Study To Determine The Effect Of Technology Education On The Career Choices Of Middle School Students, Charles N. Schirra Jan 1998

A Study To Determine The Effect Of Technology Education On The Career Choices Of Middle School Students, Charles N. Schirra

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The goals of this research paper are to: 1) determine if students take technology education courses as an elective or whether they are genuinely interested in technology education; 2) determine if technology education classes influence the students in their career choices; 3) determine the ratio of females to males taking the technology education classes irrespective of their future educational plans; 4) determine the percentage of technology education students who plan on attending college.


A Study To Determine Appropriate Training Models For Maintenance Technicians - Cox Communications Hampton Roads, Joel P. Horner Jan 1998

A Study To Determine Appropriate Training Models For Maintenance Technicians - Cox Communications Hampton Roads, Joel P. Horner

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were used to direct this study: 1. Determine an appropriate training model for Maintenance Technicians, per training occasion; 2. Determine an appropriate training format for Maintenance Technicians, per training occasion and model; 3. Determine the appropriate administrative and management aspects of the training models and formats for Maintenance Technicians.


A Study To Determine The Attitudes Of A Coast Guard Unit Towards Gender-Integrated Training In The United State Coast Guard, Elaine Anne Hughes Jan 1998

A Study To Determine The Attitudes Of A Coast Guard Unit Towards Gender-Integrated Training In The United State Coast Guard, Elaine Anne Hughes

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The objectives of this study were to explore the following questions: 1. How was gender-integrated basic and advanced training perceived by officers and enlisted members of the unit? 2. Was gender-integrated basic and advanced training perceived differently by male and female members of the unit? 3. What percentage of the unit favored a change to how gender-integrated basic training is structured?


A Study To Determine How Teacher Training And Computer Availability Affected Technology Integration At Manteo Middle School, Laura Johnson Hummell Jan 1998

A Study To Determine How Teacher Training And Computer Availability Affected Technology Integration At Manteo Middle School, Laura Johnson Hummell

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of evaluating how often and effectively faculty and staff members were using existing technology at Manteo Middle School arose. This study analyzes how teacher training and computer availability can affect the frequency of technology use and how technology is being integrated at Manteo Middle School.


A Study Of Secondary Mathematics: Reports Impacting Curriculum, Philip B. Nelson Jan 1998

A Study Of Secondary Mathematics: Reports Impacting Curriculum, Philip B. Nelson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The research goals of this study include: 1. What influence did societal pressures of the time have toward the reports recommended curriculum? 2. What influences did technological developments of the time have toward the reports recommended curriculum? 3. What were or are unique (if any) mechanisms of the time that initiated the perceived need for reform in mathematics education? 4. What influence did changing college entrance requirements of the time have towards the reports recommended curriculum? 5. What curricula was recommended to ensure student study achieved the desired performance in mathematics?


An Evaluation Of Bethel High School's Business Program, Julia J. Younger Jan 1998

An Evaluation Of Bethel High School's Business Program, Julia J. Younger

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were used to direct this study: 1. Determine the current employment status, sue of skills learned in the business program, length of employment, current wage/salary, and if unemployed, the reason for unemployment; 2. Determine the level of business program skills learned in high school relative to the level needed in the workplace and/or further education; 3. Determine the quality of the business program facilities, equipment/tools, courses offered, teachers, and Future Business Leaders of America student organization; 4. Determine the current educational status of the business program completers.