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Old Dominion University

Theses/Dissertations

2000

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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Language Attitudes And Academic Performance In Northampton County, Virginia, Public Schools, Glenda L. Rose Jul 2000

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Language Attitudes And Academic Performance In Northampton County, Virginia, Public Schools, Glenda L. Rose

English Theses & Dissertations

This language attitude study targets third grade, fifth grade, eighth grade and high school students in the Northampton County, Virginia, Public School System. Two hypotheses were proposed. First, students exhibiting negative attitudes toward their own dialect have a lower performance level in language arts classes than students expressing positive attitudes. Second, factors such as sex, race, grade level, and level of exposure to other dialects are reflected in language attitudes. In order to determine the validity of these hypotheses, school officials were asked to identify five students performing well and five students having difficulty in the language arts. Ten third ...


Implementation Theory And Determinants For Success: A Case Study Of Televised Distance Learning Implementation In An Urban University, Deanne Shuman Apr 2000

Implementation Theory And Determinants For Success: A Case Study Of Televised Distance Learning Implementation In An Urban University, Deanne Shuman

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Management

The purpose of this study is to explore the implementation process of a distance learning initiative using televised instruction in an urban university. The scope and complexity of problems faced by colleges and universities today are growing, and public institutions are being asked to do more with less. Despite limited budgets and stretched resources, institutions are expected to be responsive to the challenges of change. Distance learning using televised instruction, which brings the classroom to the learner, is an available technology that can be responsive to students' diverse needs.

This study explores factors that facilitated or served as barriers in ...


A Power Structure Study Of An Urban Superintendent's Tenure In The City Of Virginia Beach, 1967–1986, Sophia V. Stubblefield Apr 2000

A Power Structure Study Of An Urban Superintendent's Tenure In The City Of Virginia Beach, 1967–1986, Sophia V. Stubblefield

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This study examined the 19-year tenure of Dr. E. E. Brickell, superintendent of the Virginia Beach City School System. Specifically, the study has further developed an understanding of the role, expectations, and challenges of the position to identify factors that contributed to Dr. Brickell's tenure longevity.

The literature review conducted in this study revealed that specific factors contributing to a long tenure (more than 2.5 years) for a superintendent is inconclusive. The available data suggest that an interaction of political, environmental, and individual factors could effect the length of a superintendent's tenure.

A qualitative research design was ...


Site-Based Dropout Identification And Prescription Process For Alternative Education In A Diverse School System, William P. Krupp Apr 2000

Site-Based Dropout Identification And Prescription Process For Alternative Education In A Diverse School System, William P. Krupp

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This study developed a school site-based dropout identification and prescription process for student placement in alternative education programs in a school system with diverse residential environments—urban, rural, and suburban. The dropout performance-based and measurable predictor variables selected through discriminate function analysis were total retentions, yearly average of absences, total out-of-school suspensions, the state competency tests passed on time, total administrative hearings, and yearly average of poor grades. The combination and nature of these variables allow for early detection of potential dropouts.

While subtle differences existed between the urban, suburban, and rural prediction formulas, the variables selected produced prediction formulas ...


Community Social Disorganization Theory Applied To Adolescent Academic Achievement, Spencer Ross Baker Jan 2000

Community Social Disorganization Theory Applied To Adolescent Academic Achievement, Spencer Ross Baker

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Over the years, the public education system has been transformed by outside political and societal forces to provide an equal opportunity for all students. Investigations of the public education system were not consistent and yielded divergent results on how to improve adolescent academic achievement. These divergent results were caused by different operationalizations of variables, data analytical procedures that possibly provided biased parameter estimates, and a failure to use a comprehensive theory. Although these results were inconsistent, the latest transformation of the public education system currently involves holding schools, administrators, parents, and students accountable for learning.

The measurement of success in ...


A Study To Compare The Grades Of Algebra I Students That Participated In Tutoring Sessions With The Grades Of Students Who Did Not Receive Tutoring, James W. Wilkerson Jan 2000

A Study To Compare The Grades Of Algebra I Students That Participated In Tutoring Sessions With The Grades Of Students Who Did Not Receive Tutoring, James W. Wilkerson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The hypothesis of this study was: 1. Tutoring students for an Algebra I class at Dabney S. Lancaster Community College will improve students' abilities to successfully complete the class.


An Analysis Of Remedial Reading Preparation For Beginning Information Systems Students At Eastern Shore Community College, Cynthia Hodges Jan 2000

An Analysis Of Remedial Reading Preparation For Beginning Information Systems Students At Eastern Shore Community College, Cynthia Hodges

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The hypotheses under investigation during the course of this study were as follows: 1. Students who complete the developmental reading course (ENG 04, Reading Improvement) at ESCC earn grades in the introductory computer course (IST 114, Fundamentals of Computer Information Systems) comparable to those students who did not need remediation. 2. The developmental reading course prepares the remedial reading students to comprehend the technical material required to complete the introductory computer course at a level comparable to those students who did not need remediation.


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Instruction In A Nursing Class At Southwest Virginia Community College Through Distance Learning Or "Live" On Site Instruction, Jennifer R. Horton Jan 2000

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Instruction In A Nursing Class At Southwest Virginia Community College Through Distance Learning Or "Live" On Site Instruction, Jennifer R. Horton

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

Questions posed by this study included: 1. Does a change in distance learning instruction to "live" instruction have a positive or negative impact on the effectiveness of instruction in relation to student development? 2. Does a change from distance learning instruction to "live" instruction provide for greater academic success? 3. Does a change from a "live" Nursing course to a distance learning course reduce attendance problems? 4. Does successful implementation, and technology used in program development, have an impact on student achievement in distance learning courses?


A Comparative Study Of Job Retention Of Customer Service Employees, Christine A. Visscher Jan 2000

A Comparative Study Of Job Retention Of Customer Service Employees, Christine A. Visscher

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following hypothesis was used in this study: Customer Service Associate employees who were screened for employment by use of job-related skill level assessments will retain their employment for a longer period than will employees not screened for employment.


A Study To Compare The U.S. Pfp Military Contact Program As Executed Through U.S. European Command And U.S. Atlantic Command, John T. Nesler Jan 2000

A Study To Compare The U.S. Pfp Military Contact Program As Executed Through U.S. European Command And U.S. Atlantic Command, John T. Nesler

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To assist in solving this problem, the following research questions have been established: 1. Can the PfP Military Contact Program objectives be executed through a reorganization of responsibilities (funding, selecting and scheduling of events and administrative processes) and still accomplish the mission/national strategies in a better manner? 2. Determine if the purpose of the PfP Military Contacts Program can be improved through reorganization, as it applies to its workings within the military command structure and the participating PfP countries.


Determining Correlation Between Mathematics Proficiency And U.S. Navy System Administrator Training Success, Daniel Majkut Jan 2000

Determining Correlation Between Mathematics Proficiency And U.S. Navy System Administrator Training Success, Daniel Majkut

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To effectively determine if there is a relationship between mathematics skills and computer system administration and LAN management training success the following hypotheses were tested: 1. For each of the 20 junior IT University sailors/students, there is no relationship between the results of the mathematics portion of the ASVAB and the student's performance in the IT University computer related technical courses; 2. For each of the 20 junior IT University sailors/students, there is now relationship between TCC's Math 121 (College Algebra) course results and the student's performance in the IT University computer related technical courses.


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Using Volunteer Tutors In A Corrective Reading Program, Jay R. White Jan 2000

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Using Volunteer Tutors In A Corrective Reading Program, Jay R. White

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following hypothesis was used to evaluate this study: 1. Students in the corrective reading program who engage in a volunteer tutoring approach to reading skill improvement will show greater reading skill improvement than those students only exposed to the academic classroom.


A Study To Determine The Effect Of Web-Based Information On Improving The Knowledge Of Automotive Students At Danville Community College, William J. Roche Jr. Jan 2000

A Study To Determine The Effect Of Web-Based Information On Improving The Knowledge Of Automotive Students At Danville Community College, William J. Roche Jr.

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following hypothesis will guide this study: 1. Danville Community College automotive students who used the internet as part of instruction in 1999 will achieve better test and exam scores which will lead to higher final grades in electrical and computerized fuel control classes than students in the same classes in 1998 who were not taught internet search skills.


A Study To Determine The Relationship Between Formal Tac-3/Tac-4 Computer Operations Training And Tac-3/Tac-4 Computer System Trouble Calls, Thomas B. Meehan Jr. Jan 2000

A Study To Determine The Relationship Between Formal Tac-3/Tac-4 Computer Operations Training And Tac-3/Tac-4 Computer System Trouble Calls, Thomas B. Meehan Jr.

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were established to guide this problem: 1. Identify the types of computer problems that are called into the trouble desk by the five aircraft carriers home ported in Norfolk, Virginia; 2. Identify if the operator having the computer problem had attended the formal TAC-3/TAC-4 operator course; 3. Identify if the trouble call is related to the subject matter taught in the formal TAC-3/TAC-4 operator course; 4. Determine if there is any relationship between the training and the trouble calls.


A Study To Determine If Participating In Technology Education Classes Improved The Mechanical Aptitude Of Students, Amos C. Peterson Jan 2000

A Study To Determine If Participating In Technology Education Classes Improved The Mechanical Aptitude Of Students, Amos C. Peterson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following hypothesis was set forth to guide this study: 1. Students taking technology education classes at Northside Middle School developed higher levels of mechanical aptitude when compared to students from the same school that took only the traditional general education classes.


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Automated Electronic Classrooms In The United States Navy, David W. Lorenz Jan 2000

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Automated Electronic Classrooms In The United States Navy, David W. Lorenz

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

Based on the problem statement, the research hypothesis for this study was as follows: 1. There was no difference in academic achievement for Operation Specialist's taught in an Automated Electronic Classroom as compared to Operation Specialist's taught in a traditional classroom.


Technically Competent Employees For The New Millenium: Recommendations By American Think Tanks, Carolyn L. Tebault Jan 2000

Technically Competent Employees For The New Millenium: Recommendations By American Think Tanks, Carolyn L. Tebault

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To solve this problem, the following research goals will be answered: 1. What methods do American think tank companies use to keep their technical employees up-to-date on computer-related technologies? 2. Which recommendations are the most common ones cited by American think tanks?


The Influence Of Selected Noncognitive Variables On The Academic Success Of Urban Black High School Males In An Enrichment Pre-College Program, Leon Rouson Jan 2000

The Influence Of Selected Noncognitive Variables On The Academic Success Of Urban Black High School Males In An Enrichment Pre-College Program, Leon Rouson

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The thrust of this study was to examine the influence of selected noncognitive variables on the academic success of urban Black high school males in an enrichment Pre-College Program. The major research question was: Which of the selected noncognitive variables are most useful in predicting academic success for urban Black high school males?

This study reinvestigated Sedlacek and Brooks' (1976) proposed set of seven noncognitive variables related to academic success: (a) self-concept; (b) realistic self-appraisal; (c) understanding of and ability to deal with racism; (d) preference for long-term goals over more immediate, short-term needs; (e) availability of a strong support ...


Primary Health Care Service In Saudi Arabia Old Dominion University Saudi Students Prospectives, Khalid Abdullah Alzamel Jan 2000

Primary Health Care Service In Saudi Arabia Old Dominion University Saudi Students Prospectives, Khalid Abdullah Alzamel

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The main goal of this study was to answer the following objectives: 1. To examine the level of satisfaction including accessibility, quality of care, doctor's treatment, and health information provided with the Primary Health Care Services in Saudi Arabia; 2. To find how the Old Dominion University Saudi students compared these services with U.S. health care services; 3. To determine Old Dominion University Saudi student's views and recommendations for changes that would be helpful to generate other ways for improving current practices of Primary Health Care in Saudi Arabia.


The Willingness Of Technology Teachers To Support The Standards Of Learning (Sol) Objectives, James W. Lambert Jan 2000

The Willingness Of Technology Teachers To Support The Standards Of Learning (Sol) Objectives, James W. Lambert

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To answer this problem the following goals were developed: 1. Determine whether technology teachers were willing to establish a goal of improving SOL competency scores both locally and regionally? 2. Determine if teachers stress the competencies identified in the Technology Education Course Competencies Related to Academic Standards of Learning publication in support of the program objectives at their schools? 3. Make recommendations on how teachers can better support the teaching of academic SOL through technology education


Identification Of Noncognitive Factors As Predictors Of Freshman Academic Performance And Retention In A Community College Setting, Mark Fallon Freeze Jan 2000

Identification Of Noncognitive Factors As Predictors Of Freshman Academic Performance And Retention In A Community College Setting, Mark Fallon Freeze

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This study identified noncognitive factors (via the use of discriminant analysis) that impact freshmen academic performance and retention in a community college setting. The study used a modified version of the Freshman Survey, that had been validated for use at an urban four-year institution, to determine the predictive validity of the instrument for use with first semester freshmen in a two-year college setting. Existing research suggests that cognitive factors can, at most, explain 10 to 20 percent of the variance in student retention and academic performance. The remainder (approximately 80 percent) of the variance in student academic performance and retention ...