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Old Dominion University

Theses/Dissertations

1995

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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Examination Of The Role Of The Assistant Principal In High Schools In Virginia That Are Restructuring, Teresa K. Mizelle Jul 1995

An Examination Of The Role Of The Assistant Principal In High Schools In Virginia That Are Restructuring, Teresa K. Mizelle

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This study examined the assistant principalship in urban public high schools in Virginia that were restructuring. The study was designed to determine the role of the assistant principal, to identify how the role had changed as a result of restructuring, to identify concerns and issues to be considered for redefining the role, and to identify modifications to enhance the role.

The literature review revealed that the role in general and in schools that were restructuring had been ignored. Themes identified for exploration included role definition, ambiguity, and conflict; changing relationships; decision making; shared leadership; job satisfaction; and career goals.

A ...


Multiple Intelligences And The Gifted Identification Of African-American Students, Oscar Scott Jr. Jul 1995

Multiple Intelligences And The Gifted Identification Of African-American Students, Oscar Scott Jr.

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

There have been three national reports addressing giftedness: Education of the Gifted and Talented: Report to the Congress of the United States by the U.S. Commissioner of Education (1972) AKA the Marland Report; The National Report on Identification: Assessment and Recommendations for Comprehensive Identification of Gifted and Talented Youth (1982) AKA the National Report on Identification; and National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent (1993) AKA National Excellence. All have documented the underrepresentation of African-American students in programs for the gifted and talented and the disproportionate reliance on standardized intelligence and achievenent tests for gifted and talented ...


A Formative Analysis Of The Full Integration Of Students With Severe And Profound Disabilities In Age-Appropriate Elementary School Classrooms, Nancy Cheshire Rosenblatt Apr 1995

A Formative Analysis Of The Full Integration Of Students With Severe And Profound Disabilities In Age-Appropriate Elementary School Classrooms, Nancy Cheshire Rosenblatt

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This research was conducted in a large urban elementary school where six students with severe and profound disabilities (SPD) were integrated fully in age-appropriate classrooms. The purpose of the research was to collect evidence regarding the effectiveness of this full-integration program. The results were as follows: (1) Reading and math achievement scores were not affected by the presence of an SPD student in the classroom except for in grade 4 where apparently math achievement was affected adversely. (2) Fourth graders in classes with a fully-integrated SPD student had more positive attitudes about persons with disabilities than students in the control ...


A Meta-Analysis Of The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction On The Academic Achievement Of Students In Grades 6 Through 12: A Comparison Of Urban, Suburban, And Rural Educational Settings, Edwin Patrick Christmann Apr 1995

A Meta-Analysis Of The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction On The Academic Achievement Of Students In Grades 6 Through 12: A Comparison Of Urban, Suburban, And Rural Educational Settings, Edwin Patrick Christmann

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This meta-analysis analyzed grades 6 through 12 school students' academic achievement effect sizes from experimental, quasi-experimental, and correlational studies that examined the effects of microcomputer-based computer-assisted instruction (CAI) on the academic achievement of urban, suburban, and rural students across various subjects. Those studies compared secondary students who were exposed to CAI with those who were exposed to traditional instructional strategies.

A total of 3,476 students participated in 24 studies which resulted in 35 conclusions. The sample size ranged from 28 to 425; the mean sample size was 140 students.

The mean effect sizes of urban, suburban, and rural students ...


The Nature Of Data Sources That Inform Decision-Making In Reading By Experienced Second-Grade Teachers, Margaret Mary Dinan Davis Apr 1995

The Nature Of Data Sources That Inform Decision-Making In Reading By Experienced Second-Grade Teachers, Margaret Mary Dinan Davis

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Studies

This qualitative research was designed to describe the nature of data sources that inform decision making in reading by experienced second grade teachers. Data was collected on seven subjects from multiple sources: seven, successive interviews, think alouds using videotaped lessons, classroom observations, and inspection of documents such as grade books, student work samples, report cards, and reading tests. Data analysis was accomplished by transcribing all data into a qualitative data base (Padilla, 1991). Text chunks were tagged and filtered by data source. Categories such as oral language and comparison of data were added as they emerged during analysis. The most ...


The Effect Of Technology-Rich School Environments On Academic Achievement And Attitudes Of Urban School Students, Charles R. Grimm Apr 1995

The Effect Of Technology-Rich School Environments On Academic Achievement And Attitudes Of Urban School Students, Charles R. Grimm

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of technology-rich educational environments on student academic achievement and attitude. The primary independent variable was the type of school (technology-rich school (TRS) and traditional school (TS)). Additional independent variables included gender, ethnicity, and computer ownership. The dependent variables were: (1) student academic achievement (Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (4th-grade), Virginia's Literacy Passport Test (6th-grade), and Tests of Achievement and Proficiency (11th-grade)) and (2) and student attitudes (questionnaire).

The design examined the differences between TRS and TS (N = 1088). Compared were 4th-grade elementary school students attending a TRS (n = 47 ...


The Effects Of Aerobic Exercise On State And Trait Body Image And Physical Fitness Among College Women, Sherri L. Hensley Apr 1995

The Effects Of Aerobic Exercise On State And Trait Body Image And Physical Fitness Among College Women, Sherri L. Hensley

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Cumulative evidence shows body dissatisfaction is a salient problem among women, and is linked to various psychological disorders and disturbances. While numerous perspectives regarding the negative body-image phenomenon exist, one area of scientific inquiry is the relationship between physical exercise and body image. With the current sociocultural emphasis on physical fitness and attractiveness, the effects of exercise on body image warrants serious consideration. The present investigation compared 57 women who participated in a 13-week aerobic exercise program to 29 sedentary control women on the following variables: state and trait body image, cardiorespiratory fitness, and body composition. The exercising women were ...


A Model For Assessing The Quality Of Learning In Distance Education, George C. Lassetter Iii Jan 1995

A Model For Assessing The Quality Of Learning In Distance Education, George C. Lassetter Iii

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The factors contributing to the quality of learning in distance education were investigated. These factors were used to develop an empirically based model for the assessment of the quality of learning in distance education. The affective, cognitive, and conative domains of learning and the ethical domain of distance education were defined and used as the theoretical foundation for a search of distance education studies and evaluations that identified over 150 variables that potentially affected quality of learning. A Delphi technique was used to validate the variables and construct a survey instrument. Surveys were distributed to 3 groups totaling 523 students ...


Effects Of Direct Reading Instruction On Literacy Achievement In Urban, Literature Based Classrooms, Steven M. Scarcelli Jan 1995

Effects Of Direct Reading Instruction On Literacy Achievement In Urban, Literature Based Classrooms, Steven M. Scarcelli

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This research examined two similar groups of first grade students and two different approaches to reading instruction within a whole language/literature based curriculum. The sample population for this research was drawn from four randomly assigned first grade classes attending an elementary school with urban characteristics. Teacher selection was based on results from the Theoretical Orientation to Reading Profile. Teachers in the experimental group implemented an approach that utilized a daily format for reading instruction developed by Dr. Patricia Cunningham. This approach involved strategies including phonics, writing, teacher directed, and self selected reading instruction. Teachers in the control group used ...


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Diversity Training In The Workplace And What Kind Of Daily Impact Do These Results Have On Workers At Old Dominion University, Tatrece R. Dunlap Jan 1995

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Diversity Training In The Workplace And What Kind Of Daily Impact Do These Results Have On Workers At Old Dominion University, Tatrece R. Dunlap

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To answer the research problem, the researcher sought to answer the following questions: 1. Are the diversity training seminars that are conducted at Old Dominion offered on a voluntary basis? 2. Are issues of diversity better dealt with as a result of training? 3. Are employees encouraged to attend and actively participate in the diversity training seminars? 4. Based on employee feedback, is the program beneficial to employees? 5. As a result of training sessions, is there more of an awareness of prejudice and bias in the workplace?


A Study To Assess The Benefits Students Received From Completing The Fire Cadet Program In Chesapeake Public Schools, J. Page Bagley Jan 1995

A Study To Assess The Benefits Students Received From Completing The Fire Cadet Program In Chesapeake Public Schools, J. Page Bagley

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were established to guide the research: Identify why the program was started; Determine the current employment status of program completers; Determine if the program had indirect benefits to participants; and Identify why the program was terminated.


A Study To Determine The Degree Of Career Education Red Mill Elementary School Teachers Include In Their Instruction, Ramona A. De Santis Jan 1995

A Study To Determine The Degree Of Career Education Red Mill Elementary School Teachers Include In Their Instruction, Ramona A. De Santis

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The research goals of this study were to determine: 1. What strategies and techniques do teachers use in their classroom to foster a better understanding of different career avenues? 2. What is the amount of instructional time spent with emphasis on career education? 3. What are the available resources for instruction of career education used at the elementary level?


A Study Of Teacher Attitudes Toward Establishing Vocational Education Programs For Disabled Students In Middle School, Dazzerene Wade Jan 1995

A Study Of Teacher Attitudes Toward Establishing Vocational Education Programs For Disabled Students In Middle School, Dazzerene Wade

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The research goals of this study were to: 1. Determine the need to establish a vocational education program in Virginia Beach Middle Schools for disabled students; 2. Provide justification for integrating functional skills and real life community work experiences into existing curriculum; 3. Define the types of vocational education programs that are appropriate for middle school disabled students; 4. Outline the skills needed for student transition from middle school vocational education programs to secondary vocational education programs.


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of A Seven Bell School Day To A Block Schedule School Day Using Grade Point Averages As A Predictor, Traci Allgor Jan 1995

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of A Seven Bell School Day To A Block Schedule School Day Using Grade Point Averages As A Predictor, Traci Allgor

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a seven bell school day in a semester keyboarding class as compared to a block schedule school day semester keyboarding class, using grade point average as a predictor.


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Portfolio Assessment In Marketing Education At Oscar Smith High School, Chesapeake, Virginia, Lynn B. Owen Jan 1995

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Portfolio Assessment In Marketing Education At Oscar Smith High School, Chesapeake, Virginia, Lynn B. Owen

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals of this study were established to: 1. Evaluate students using portfolio assessment techniques; 2. Determine if portfolio assessment is of instructional value in marketing education.


A Study To Identify The Course Tasks For A U.S. Coast Guard Rescue Coordination Center Controller Exportable Refresher Training Course, Richard L. Arnold Jan 1995

A Study To Identify The Course Tasks For A U.S. Coast Guard Rescue Coordination Center Controller Exportable Refresher Training Course, Richard L. Arnold

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The primary goal of this research was to provide the National SAR School with sufficient data and general information to prepare a controller refresher training course. Contributing goals were: 1. Identify the course tasks that require training; 2. Identify any new course tasks that require initial training; 3. Prepare a list of refresher course tasks; 4. Determine the recommended training format for the refresher course; 5. Prepare the foundation for the creation of the refresher training course.


A Study Of Typing Speed And Accuracy Development Using Computer-Based And Typewriter-Based Instruction In A Public High School, Dale Mcpherson Jan 1995

A Study Of Typing Speed And Accuracy Development Using Computer-Based And Typewriter-Based Instruction In A Public High School, Dale Mcpherson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To evaluate the effect of computer-based versus typewriter-based instruction on keyboarding speed, the following hypotheses were proposed: 1. Students acquire keyboarding speed more quickly using computer-based instruction than using typewriter-based instruction; 2. Students in computer-based keyboarding classes will demonstrate a lower error rate than students in typewriter-based keyboarding classes.


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of The Program Of Instruction For The Department Of Labor's Transition Assistance Program For The Military, James E. Threlfall Jan 1995

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of The Program Of Instruction For The Department Of Labor's Transition Assistance Program For The Military, James E. Threlfall

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The research questions that will be analyzed during the Transition Assistance Program and its six primary areas were as follows: 1. Do retiring military personnel or downsized personnel obtain more information on conducting a smooth transition from military to civilian careers? 2. Is the program structure more for the understanding of the Non commissioned or Commissioned Officer?


The Impact Of Drug Abuse Resistance Education In Portsmouth, Virginia From 1987-1994, Darrell M. Lassiter Jan 1995

The Impact Of Drug Abuse Resistance Education In Portsmouth, Virginia From 1987-1994, Darrell M. Lassiter

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The goals of this study were to: 1. Identify the number of elementary age students in the fifth grade in Portsmouth, Virginia that are receiving Drug Abuse Resistance Education training; 2. Determine the amount of funds being invested by the City of Portsmouth to reduce substance abuse by adolescents and the effectiveness of the current program; 3. Identify any positive change in the juvenile substance abuse related arrests made in Portsmouth, Virginia during the years 1987-1994.


Gender Bias In Selection For Honors Mathematics At Kempsville Middle School, William P. Mcbride Jan 1995

Gender Bias In Selection For Honors Mathematics At Kempsville Middle School, William P. Mcbride

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following objectives were established to guide the conduct of this research study: 1. To identify the percentage of females enrolled in the general population of the seventh and eighth grades at Kempsville Middle School; 2. To identify the percentage of females enrolled in the seventh and eighth grade honors mathematics courses at Kempsville Middle School; 3. To determine if a significant difference exists between the percentages determine in objectives one and two above; 4. To interview the personnel involved with the honors mathematics selection process and to review it for gender impartiality.


Transition Planning And Post-Secondary Achievement, Antonia L. Thompson Jan 1995

Transition Planning And Post-Secondary Achievement, Antonia L. Thompson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To solve this problem, the following questions related to the study were selected: 1. What are the components of the individualized Transition Plan? 2. What pre-exit programs, services and activities are available to the mildly disabled? 3. What are the post-secondary services, programs, and activities of the mildly disabled? 4. What influences post-secondary participation and outcomes?


A Study To Determine Projected Consolidated Federal Funds (Cffs) For The Counties And Independent Cities Of Hampton Roads, Virginia For The 1994, 1995, And 1996 Annual Appropriations, Norman Albert Jenness Jr. Jan 1995

A Study To Determine Projected Consolidated Federal Funds (Cffs) For The Counties And Independent Cities Of Hampton Roads, Virginia For The 1994, 1995, And 1996 Annual Appropriations, Norman Albert Jenness Jr.

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following research goals were used to focus this study: 1. Determine projected CFFs for the counties of Hampton Roads for the 1994, 1995, and 1996 annual appropriations; 2. Determine projected CFFs for the independent city areas of Hampton Roads for the 1994, 1995, and 1996 annual appropriations; 3. Compare the increase/decrease in projected CFFs for the specified annual appropriations.


Teacher Roles For The Twenty-First Century, James C. Onderdonk Jr. Jan 1995

Teacher Roles For The Twenty-First Century, James C. Onderdonk Jr.

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This dissertation employs a case study methodology to examine the perceptions of discrete groups of educational stakeholders about the roles of teachers in two temporal conditions: the present and the future. The study proceeded in two steps: a series of structured interviews and a card sort. Members of nine different groups with varying perspectives on education were interviewed to validate the selection of teacher roles to be used in the card sort and to generate new roles to include in the study. Initially roles were identified through a literature review, brainstorming with practitioners and consulting colleagues. Interviews included both focused ...


The Effects Of The Recommendations Of The Joint Legislative Audit And Review Commission On State Funding For The School Divisions Of Chesapeake, Norfolk, Portsmouth, And Virginia Beach, James T. Roberts Jan 1995

The Effects Of The Recommendations Of The Joint Legislative Audit And Review Commission On State Funding For The School Divisions Of Chesapeake, Norfolk, Portsmouth, And Virginia Beach, James T. Roberts

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the recommendations of the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission (JLARC) on State funding for the school divisions in the Virginia cities of Chesapeake, Norfolk, Portsmouth and Virginia Beach.

The case study design provided the framework for the examination of the data. Records available from the Virginia State Department of Education, the Hampton Roads Planning District Commission, the Virginia Education Association (VEA), and the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission were reviewed to develop the research questions and the interview guides. Interviews were held with key persons in the ...


Predicting Strategic Orientations Of Public Research Universities In Economic Development: A Test Of The Resource Dependence Model, Steven Rae Hoagland Jan 1995

Predicting Strategic Orientations Of Public Research Universities In Economic Development: A Test Of The Resource Dependence Model, Steven Rae Hoagland

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Management

This study is an original application of resource dependence theory to research administration at public universities. It examines the extent to which and under what conditions economic development orientations can be predicted by resource dependence theory. Data analyses concentrate on the combined effects of administrative structure and variations in federal financial support on the economic development orientations of public doctorate-granting universities nationwide.

Data were collected from three sources: (a) published data on the research dollar volume of public universities; (b) higher education personnel directories containing information about research offices; and (c) a mailed survey instrument containing four orientations in economic ...