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Old Dominion University

Theses/Dissertations

1993

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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Comparison Of The Effectiveness Of Two Types Of Clinical Instruction On Selected Variables Among Urban Baccalaureate Nursing Students, Janice Parks Hylton Apr 1993

A Comparison Of The Effectiveness Of Two Types Of Clinical Instruction On Selected Variables Among Urban Baccalaureate Nursing Students, Janice Parks Hylton

Health Services Research Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide baseline data regarding student perceptions of bureaucratic, professional, and service values and of instructors/preceptors as role models for each model of clinical supervision, traditional versus preceptored. A non-probability, convenience sample included 113 baccalaureate nursing students from two accredited programs in an urban area. Two instruments were used to identify student perceptions of bureaucratic, professional, and service values and of instructors/preceptors as role models. The results of the questionnaires revealed no significant differences between the students' perceptions of bureaucratic and service values and perceptions of instructors/preceptors as role models, Students ...


An Evaluation Model For Middle School Counseling And Guidance, Ann Salisbury Harrison Apr 1993

An Evaluation Model For Middle School Counseling And Guidance, Ann Salisbury Harrison

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The literature on middle school counseling and guidance indicates program evaluation is not being conducted and is resisted by counselors for many reasons. A critical problem is the lack of a widely-accepted evaluation model. This study provides an evaluation model that can be used by middle school counselors to evaluate counseling and guidance. The model furnishes meaningful and useful information to be used in planning a comprehensive and developmentally-appropriate counseling and guidance program for early adolescence. The evaluation model used the framework of Daniel Stufflebeam's CIPP Model. The study provided information on the goals of middle school counseling and ...


Attributions For Change In Attitude Among Urban Elementary Parochial School Teachers Toward Children Who Speak Nonstandard English, Charles A. Saglio Jr. Apr 1993

Attributions For Change In Attitude Among Urban Elementary Parochial School Teachers Toward Children Who Speak Nonstandard English, Charles A. Saglio Jr.

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

A comparatively large number of African American children fail in urban schools. Hundreds of research studies concerning interpersonal expectations suggest a link between teacher expectancies and pupil performance. Researchers have found that teachers expect less of students who speak nonstandard English. Attempts to modify teachers' culturo-linguistic attitudes and expectations have been unsuccessful. While teachers' beliefs, theories, and attitudes change over time as a function of teaching experience, the mechanisms for change are unclear.

This study has attempted to uncover events to which teachers attribute a change in their culturo-linguistic attitudes. Once causal conditions for change have been identified, then those ...


The Effects Of Educational Programs About Rape On The Attitudes Of First Year Urban University Students, Mary Jodine Wolford Apr 1993

The Effects Of Educational Programs About Rape On The Attitudes Of First Year Urban University Students, Mary Jodine Wolford

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This study investigated the effects of educational programs on first-year college students' attitudes toward rape. Subjects included 132 male and female (60 and 72, respectively) first-year students in an urban university who were selected randomly for participation. Each participant was assigned randomly to one of four treatment conditions: lecture-style programs, videotape programs, role play programs, or control. Data were collected in three phases: one pretest and two posttests. Attitudes toward rape were measured using the General Attitudes Toward Rape scale. Data were analyzed using Multiple Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) and Analyses of Covariance (ANCOVA). Findings included no significant differences due ...


A Meta-Analysis Of The Relative Effectiveness Of Two Cooperative Learning Models In Increasing Mathematics Achievement, Frances Burton Spuler Apr 1993

A Meta-Analysis Of The Relative Effectiveness Of Two Cooperative Learning Models In Increasing Mathematics Achievement, Frances Burton Spuler

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The meta-analysis compares two popular cooperative learning models, Student-Teams-Achievement Divisions (STAD) and Teams-Games-Tournaments (TGT), for their relative effectiveness in increasing mathematics achievement of K-12 students. The findings of the available research were integrated to determine both the magnitude and the direction of the effects of the cooperative learning models and effect sizes were calculated. More studies comparing the TGT cooperative learning model with a traditional learning model (81% of the studies) resulted in statistically significant higher gains in mathematics achievement than studies comparing the STAD model with a traditional learning model (51% of the studies). Other measures of relative effectiveness ...


A Follow-Up Study Investigating The Relationships Between Holland's Personality Types And Selected Career Choice Variables, Kennard S. Brackney Sr. Apr 1993

A Follow-Up Study Investigating The Relationships Between Holland's Personality Types And Selected Career Choice Variables, Kennard S. Brackney Sr.

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This follow-up study utilized John L. Holland's theory of vocational personalities and work environments to examine the relationship between students personality types and their career choices. The study sought to determine whether data collected using Holland's Self-Directed Search (SDS) was a valid predictor of (1) career goal, (2) eventual choice of college major, (3) persistence to graduation, (4) occupation (type of job held at the time the data was collected), and (5) level of satisfaction with occupation (job) at the time data was gathered.

The stratified random sample for the study was composed of 180 subjects drawn from ...


A Comparison Of Minority And Non-Minority Engineering Students On Selected Personality And Program Variables, Thomas Mercer Collier Jr. Jan 1993

A Comparison Of Minority And Non-Minority Engineering Students On Selected Personality And Program Variables, Thomas Mercer Collier Jr.

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are common characteristics associated with 226 Hispanic, African American, and White engineering students who persist at predominantly White colleges and universities. A personality profile of minority and non-minority engineering students was developed. Information regarding factors influencing choice of major, university, study, work and extracurricular involvement, possible reasons for withdrawal from college, awareness and satisfaction with student support services and selected academic courses was also compiled. Components of Minority Engineering Programs (MEPs) which are most used or valued by minority engineering students were identified.

Analysis of Variance identified four of the ...


The Effect Of Noncognitive Variables On The Prediction Of Academic Difficulty And Attrition Of Freshman Student-Athletes, Bruce W. Cunningham Jan 1993

The Effect Of Noncognitive Variables On The Prediction Of Academic Difficulty And Attrition Of Freshman Student-Athletes, Bruce W. Cunningham

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This study identified a set of noncognitive variables, indicators of attitudes, habits, and beliefs as they relate to an individual's educational pursuits, in the form of Probation and Attrition Scores, to be used as alternatives to the exclusive use of cognitive variables to identify freshman student-athletes who are at risk of academic difficulty or attrition. Data were collected at an urban, public university of approximately 17,000 students using the University's Freshman Survey, an instrument that combines a number of scales designed to measure specific sets of noncognitive indicators.

Noncognitive survey data, as well as demographic information and ...


A Study To Determine The Correlation Between The Virginia Common Core Of Learning And The Secretary's Commission On Achieving Necessary Skills Reports To The Marketing Education Curriculum, Lalita Brinkley Samrai Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Correlation Between The Virginia Common Core Of Learning And The Secretary's Commission On Achieving Necessary Skills Reports To The Marketing Education Curriculum, Lalita Brinkley Samrai

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the correlation between the Virginia Common Core of Learning and the Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills Reports to the marketing education curriculum in Newport News. The research goals of the study were 1) to determine how Marketing Education Curriculum compares to the outcomes identified in the Virginia Common Core of Learning; 2) to determine how the Marketing Education Curriculum compares with the Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills Report; and 3) to develop a plan to improve the Marketing Curriculum to meet the demands of society.


A Study To Determine The Impact Of Instructional Technology On Hampton Roads Area Teachers In The Development Of Classroom Instruction, George M. Everett Jr. Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Impact Of Instructional Technology On Hampton Roads Area Teachers In The Development Of Classroom Instruction, George M. Everett Jr.

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This study sought to answer the following questions: 1. Do teachers currently use instructional technology in the classroom? 2. Doe teachers consider using available instructional technology during course and lesson planning? 3. Do teachers feel confident enough to use instructional technology in the classroom?


A Study To Determine The Inservice Training Needs Of Red Cross Emergency Services After Hours Duty Workers, Sharon Wingate Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Inservice Training Needs Of Red Cross Emergency Services After Hours Duty Workers, Sharon Wingate

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The research goals of this study were to determine: 1. What are the most requested emergency needs? 2. What are the problems duty workers encounter in addressing these needs? 3. What are the recommended in service training topics for after hours duty workers?


A Study To Determine If Ged Classes Helped Students To Gain Employment And Build Self-Esteem, Diane J. Calhoun Jan 1993

A Study To Determine If Ged Classes Helped Students To Gain Employment And Build Self-Esteem, Diane J. Calhoun

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The objectives of this study were to determine: 1. If GED classes were adequately preparing students to compete in the high-tech, competitive job market; 2. If GED classes are building student self-esteem.


A Study Of Student Employment And Its Effect On Student Achievement, Roberta A. Rakestraw Jan 1993

A Study Of Student Employment And Its Effect On Student Achievement, Roberta A. Rakestraw

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This study investigated the achievement of high school students who worked part-time. The following hypotheses were investigated: 1. Students who work 15 or more hours a week have a lower-grade point average than those who do not work or who work fewer than 15 hours a week; 2. The absenteeism rate is higher for students who work 15 or more hours a week than those students who do not work or who work fewer than 15 hours a week; 3. The tardiness rate is higher for students who work 15 or more hours a week than those students who do ...


A Needs Assessment Study Of Technology Education Teachers In Virginia, James L. Kennedy Jan 1993

A Needs Assessment Study Of Technology Education Teachers In Virginia, James L. Kennedy

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This study was developed with four goals in mind: 1. To determine the need by the teachers to understand the philosophy of the current curriculum; 2. To determine the need to understand the methodology used by the current curriculum; 3. To determine the equipment operation needs by the technology teachers implementing the technology education curriculum; 4. To develop recommendations for inservice programs to meet the determined needs of the technology education teachers.


A Study To Determine If At Risk Adults Are Adequately Trained To Perform Well And Secure A Job After Utilizing The Norfolk Skills Center Horticulture Program, Ronald A. Grainger Jan 1993

A Study To Determine If At Risk Adults Are Adequately Trained To Perform Well And Secure A Job After Utilizing The Norfolk Skills Center Horticulture Program, Ronald A. Grainger

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to answer the following questions: 1. Did the adult get hired in horticulture? 2. Was the job an entry level position or did the adult enter at a higher level? 3. How well did the N.S.C. horticulture program equip the adult for their job? 4. What modifications should be made within the curriculum, new equipment, and/or other recommendations?


A Study To Determine The Effect Of Membership On A Varsity Athletic Team On The Discipline Of High School Males, Lorraine Lia Batchelor Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Effect Of Membership On A Varsity Athletic Team On The Discipline Of High School Males, Lorraine Lia Batchelor

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the effect of athletic team membership on the discipline records of high school males. The hypothesis is that male students who are members of athletic teams have fewer documented incidents of both major and minor discipline problems.


Scans-Identified Employment Skills And Hampton Roads Employers, Glennon J. Lovett Jan 1993

Scans-Identified Employment Skills And Hampton Roads Employers, Glennon J. Lovett

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

There were three goals of this research study: 1) Examine the basic employment skills required by employers; 2) Examine the basic employment skills identified in the SCANS report; 3) Examine the correlation between employer identified skills and the skills outlined in the SCANS report.


A Study Of American Colonial Myths, Susan A. Vasoti Jan 1993

A Study Of American Colonial Myths, Susan A. Vasoti

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The goals of the research study were to ascertain the following: 1. What types of Americans believe in historical myths? 2. If those who believe the myths are getting this false information from historic house tour guides, teachers, television, books or family members? 3. What can be done to keep the stories alive as myths, not fact.


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Manipulative Mathematics On Student Learning Outcomes As Compared To Textbook Practices, Cheryl F. Robinson Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Manipulative Mathematics On Student Learning Outcomes As Compared To Textbook Practices, Cheryl F. Robinson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The hypothesis of this study was: 1. There would be no significant difference in the learning outcomes of the students who were exposed to the manipulative mathematics curriculum as compared to those who were exposed only to textbook practices.


A Study To Determine What Knowledge, Skills And Abilities Chesapeake Marketing Education Students Should Possess In Order To Fulfill The Needs Of Retailers In Chesapeake, Virginia, Stephanie L. Freeman Jan 1993

A Study To Determine What Knowledge, Skills And Abilities Chesapeake Marketing Education Students Should Possess In Order To Fulfill The Needs Of Retailers In Chesapeake, Virginia, Stephanie L. Freeman

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To find a solution to the problem, the following questions had to be answered: 1. What background knowledge should Marketing Education students display before applying for a retail job? 2. What specific skills should Marketing Education students possess? 3. What abilities should Marketing Education students be able to perform without extemporization? 4. What additional needs do retailers have of Marketing Education students?


A Study To Determine The Correlation Between The Level Of Cultural Literacy And The Rate Of Progress An Illiterate Person Experiences During The First Year Of Learning To Read, Elizabeth M. Lohman Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Correlation Between The Level Of Cultural Literacy And The Rate Of Progress An Illiterate Person Experiences During The First Year Of Learning To Read, Elizabeth M. Lohman

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following hypothesis was applied to this study: 1. Adult non-readers who display higher levels of cultural literacy before beginning basic reading programs show average or rapid progress, during the first year of basic reading instruction, more often than those who display lower levels of cultural literacy.


A Study To Determine If Telecommunications Can Be Used As A Medium To Teach Basic Literacy Skills To Illiterate Adults In Virginia, Joan Hairston Jones Jan 1993

A Study To Determine If Telecommunications Can Be Used As A Medium To Teach Basic Literacy Skills To Illiterate Adults In Virginia, Joan Hairston Jones

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were selected to guide this study: 1. Determine which methods have been used and how successful they have been in the past to teach basic literacy skills to illiterate adults; 2. Determine the methods currently being used to supplement classroom instruction; 3. Determine how receptive adults are to self-paced, self-directed methods; 4. Determine the type of problems experienced using telecommunications to teach literacy skills.


A Study Of The Factors Which Determine The Persistence Rate Of Adult Basic Education Students, Vickie L. Kimmons Jan 1993

A Study Of The Factors Which Determine The Persistence Rate Of Adult Basic Education Students, Vickie L. Kimmons

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This study was guided by the following research questions: 1. Determine the beginning reading levels of participants; 2. Determine stated motivation of participants; 3. Determine age, race, and sex of students; 4. Determine the number of years since leaving formal education and the grade level attained at that time; 5. Determine participants' attitudes toward previous school experience; 6. Determine which factors influenced full participation in ABE programs such as PULL.


A Study To Determine The Correlation Between School Attendance And The Passing Rate On The Virginia Literacy Passport Test At Rosemont Middle School 1990-1992, Victoria R. Porter Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Correlation Between School Attendance And The Passing Rate On The Virginia Literacy Passport Test At Rosemont Middle School 1990-1992, Victoria R. Porter

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

Examination of the following questions established a relationship between school attendance and the passing rater of the test: 1. Did students with high attendance records earn higher test scores? 2. Did students with low school attendance records earn lower test scores? 3. Is there a relationship between Literacy Passport Test Scores and school attendance?


A Study To Determine The Training Methods Used With Full-Time And Seasonal Employees In Retail Businesses In The City Of Virginia Beach, Virginia, Steven D. Schools Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Training Methods Used With Full-Time And Seasonal Employees In Retail Businesses In The City Of Virginia Beach, Virginia, Steven D. Schools

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were established to assist in answering this problem: 1) determine the methods used to train seasonal employees in retail business; 2) determine the methods used to train full-time employees in retail business; 3) compare the different training methods used on seasonal and full-time employees in retail business.


The Development Of Return On Investment (Roi) Analysis For Training Programs In The United States, George Y. Bryson Jan 1993

The Development Of Return On Investment (Roi) Analysis For Training Programs In The United States, George Y. Bryson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This paper's goals are to support the intuitive feeling that training and education of employees is financially sound business procedure and may be empirically substantiated by citing studies that show: 1. Organizations that provide employees opportunities for training, education, and development are able to generate savings that significantly add to the profitability of the organization; 2. Education increases employee productivity; 3. Education of employees helps the company compete with changes in the economic world; 4. Education of employees produces a better quality product.


A Study To Determine The Training Methods Being Utilized In Southeastern Virginia Organizations, J. Carol Gardner Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Training Methods Being Utilized In Southeastern Virginia Organizations, J. Carol Gardner

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The completion of this study will answer the following goals: 1. Do training departments use evaluation techniques? 2. What types of evaluation methods are utilized? 3. Should training managers receive formal training in program evaluation?


A Study Of Educational Resources Available To Older Adults In Norfolk, Virginia, Dolores E. Mcfarland Jan 1993

A Study Of Educational Resources Available To Older Adults In Norfolk, Virginia, Dolores E. Mcfarland

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following questions were used to identify and describe educational resources available to adults fifty years and over: 1. What educational institutions and organizations in Norfolk provide learning activities and services to adults fifty years and over? 2. What types of educational activities are provided by each? 3. What other educational supportive services are provided by those groups?


A Study Of The Relative Effectiveness Of Alternative Instructional Delivery Schedules For Adult Achievement, Wendy A. Gee Jan 1993

A Study Of The Relative Effectiveness Of Alternative Instructional Delivery Schedules For Adult Achievement, Wendy A. Gee

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to investigate what effect altering the instructional delivery schedule would have on student achievement and knowledge retention. The independent variable was the training week schedule which was comprised of two treatment conditions. The first level consisted of the conventional five-day training week and the second level was the compressed four-day training week. The dependent variables of the study were student achievement and student descriptive/demographic collateral data.

A quasi-experimental study was employed to compare the two delivery schedules. Two treatment groups were established. Both groups received instruction from the same instructors. Student subjects (N ...