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Old Dominion University

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Exposing Students To Stem Careers Through Hands-On Activities With Drones And Robots, Vukica M. Jovanović, George Mcleod, Thomas E. Alberts, Cynthia Tomovic, Otilia Popescu, Tysha Batts, Ms. Mary Louise Sandy Jan 2019

Exposing Students To Stem Careers Through Hands-On Activities With Drones And Robots, Vukica M. Jovanović, George Mcleod, Thomas E. Alberts, Cynthia Tomovic, Otilia Popescu, Tysha Batts, Ms. Mary Louise Sandy

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

Autonomous robots have been used in a variety of ways from collecting specimen in hazardous environments to space exploration. These robots can be found in various manufacturing systems as Autonomous Guided Vehicles (AGVs) to transport parts and assemblies throughout the manufacturing system. They have also been used as a vehicle to convey design thinking and other STEM-related concepts in mechanical engineering/mechanical engineering technology, electrical engineering/electrical engineering technology, computer science, and computer engineering. Various outreach events have included robotics based activities that engage students in building and programming autonomous robots for the purpose of achieving a specific task. These ...


Question 1: Losing Weight; Question 2: Artificial Moon, Larry Weinstein Jan 2019

Question 1: Losing Weight; Question 2: Artificial Moon, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions related to Fermi which include mass lost by Sun over its lifetime; and size of artificial satellite needed to provide as much illumination as a full moon.


Question 1: Clock Variation; Question 2: Recycling Coffee Pods, Larry Weinstein Dec 2018

Question 1: Clock Variation; Question 2: Recycling Coffee Pods, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions and answers regarding the impact of gravity on pendulum clocks and the recycling of coffee pods.


Question 1: Kale; Question 2: Hurricane Angular Momentum, Larry Weinstein Nov 2018

Question 1: Kale; Question 2: Hurricane Angular Momentum, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

A quiz concerning the amount of kale needed to provide calories for a person in a year and the angular momentum of Hurricane Florence when it made landfall.


Solutions For Fermi Questions, November 2018: Question 1: Kale; Question 2: Hurricane Angular Momentum, Larry Weinstein Nov 2018

Solutions For Fermi Questions, November 2018: Question 1: Kale; Question 2: Hurricane Angular Momentum, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions and answers related to physics estimations including the amount of kale needed to provide the right amount of calories in a year, and the angular momentum of Hurricane Florence.


Solutions For Fermi Questions, October 2018: Question 1: Automobile Air Conditioning; Question 2: Falling Leaves, Larry Weinstein Oct 2018

Solutions For Fermi Questions, October 2018: Question 1: Automobile Air Conditioning; Question 2: Falling Leaves, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions and answers related to topics including automobile air conditioning and falling leaves.


Question 1: Automobile Air Conditioning; Question 2: Falling Leaves, Larry Weinstein Oct 2018

Question 1: Automobile Air Conditioning; Question 2: Falling Leaves, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article focuses on the questions on physics regarding automobile air conditioning and calculating the number of leaves to fall in U.S.


The Effects Of Metacognitive Training On Algebra Students’ Calibration Accuracy, Achievement, And Mathematical Literacy, Deana J. Ford Oct 2018

The Effects Of Metacognitive Training On Algebra Students’ Calibration Accuracy, Achievement, And Mathematical Literacy, Deana J. Ford

Teaching & Learning Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation describes an empirical study that investigated how metacognitive training influenced lower achieving Algebra students’ calibration accuracy, achievement, and development of mathematics literacy. Multiple methods were used to collect and analyze the data. Close analysis of students’ work and classroom observations revealed that students that were exposed to the metacognitive training had significantly higher prediction accuracy and made gains in their understanding of the mathematics word problems than did students who did not receive the metacognitive training. Overall, however, both the intervention and comparison groups improved in their academic performance and became more mathematically literate and accurate in their ...


Question 1: Plastic Straws; Question 2: Casino Sevens, Larry Weinstein Sep 2018

Question 1: Plastic Straws; Question 2: Casino Sevens, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article offers questions on 1) the impact that American plastic straws have on the environment, and 2) the probable longest streak of consecutive sevens in casino craps games in the entire history of Las Vegas, Nevada.


Question 1: Automobile Air Use; Question 2: Personal Air Use, Larry Weinstein Apr 2018

Question 1: Automobile Air Use; Question 2: Personal Air Use, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions and answers regarding the usage of oxygen in a gasoline powered automobile and the time taken to use the amount of oxygen produced in a garbage by a single person.


Solutions For Fermi Questions, April 2018: Question 1: Automobile Air Use; Question 2: Personal Air Use, Larry Weinstein Apr 2018

Solutions For Fermi Questions, April 2018: Question 1: Automobile Air Use; Question 2: Personal Air Use, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions and answers regarding the use of oxygen by a person and an automobile which is produced by garbage.


Solutions For Fermi Questions, March 2018: Question 1: Air Pressure On Waves; Question 2: Weight Of Toner, Larry Weinstein Mar 2018

Solutions For Fermi Questions, March 2018: Question 1: Air Pressure On Waves; Question 2: Weight Of Toner, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions on the difference in air pressure at the crest and trough of ocean waves because of the Bernoulli effect and the difference in weight between a 100-page printed document and 100 blank pages.


Fermi Questions, Question 1: Air Pressure On Waves; Question 2: Weight Of Toner, Larry Weinstein Mar 2018

Fermi Questions, Question 1: Air Pressure On Waves; Question 2: Weight Of Toner, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents questions on the difference in air pressure at the crest and trough of ocean waves because of the Bernoulli effect and the difference in weight between a 100-page printed document and 100 blank pages.


Question 1: Throwing Out Energy; Question 2: Blood Pressure, Larry Weinstein Jan 2018

Question 1: Throwing Out Energy; Question 2: Blood Pressure, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article presents two questions on the amount of energy wasted by Americans whenever they throw out unused ice in their drinks, and why is blood pressure measured on the upper arm.


Institutionalizing Resilience In Us Universities: Prospects, Opportunities, And Models, Morris Foster, James O'Donnell, Mark Luckenbach, Elizabeth Andrews, Emily Steinhilber, John Wells, Mark Davis Jan 2018

Institutionalizing Resilience In Us Universities: Prospects, Opportunities, And Models, Morris Foster, James O'Donnell, Mark Luckenbach, Elizabeth Andrews, Emily Steinhilber, John Wells, Mark Davis

ODU Articles

[From Introduction]

The United States is taking a largely region-specific approach to addressing challenges posed by climate change, in contrast with national and international approaches in most of the rest of the world. In locations such as Hampton Roads, New Orleans, and coastal Connecticut, the impacts of climate change tend to be addressed as they become locally evident rather than as part of a larger anticipatory national plan. Given that regional focus, universities can play a unique role in how the United States responds to the challenges of a changing climate. Universities can be knowledge brokers positioned outside or across ...


Solutions For Fermi Questions, May 2018: Question 1: Throwing Out Energy; Question 2: Blood Pressure, Larry Weinstein Jan 2018

Solutions For Fermi Questions, May 2018: Question 1: Throwing Out Energy; Question 2: Blood Pressure, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The article provides answers to questions including the amount of energy wasted when Americans throw out unused ice from their drinks, and why blood pressure is measured on the upper arm.


Fermi Questions, Question 1: Trumpet Spit; Question 2: Tall Buildings, Larry Weinstein Oct 2017

Fermi Questions, Question 1: Trumpet Spit; Question 2: Tall Buildings, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

A quiz concerning physics is presented on topics such as the amount of saliva consumed by trumpeter Louis Armstrong during his career and the effect of buildings in the rotational inertia of the planet Earth.


Enhancing The Teaching And Learning Of Biometeorology In Higher Education, David R. Perkins Iv, Jennifer Vanos, Christopher Fuhrmann, Michael Allen, David Knight, Cameron C. Lee, Angela Lees, Andrew Leung, Rebekah Lucas, Hamed Mehdipor Sep 2017

Enhancing The Teaching And Learning Of Biometeorology In Higher Education, David R. Perkins Iv, Jennifer Vanos, Christopher Fuhrmann, Michael Allen, David Knight, Cameron C. Lee, Angela Lees, Andrew Leung, Rebekah Lucas, Hamed Mehdipor

Political Science & Geography Faculty Publications

Information about the annual meeting organized by the organizations the International Society of Biometeorology (ISB) and the Students and New Professionals (SNP) held in Norfolk, Virginia from July 28 to August 1, 2016 is presented. The event was organized to improve the teaching methods of teachers and learning of students on high education biometeorology and the presentations, practical sessions and group discussions participated by attendees.


Fermi Questions, Question 1: Too Many Mosquitoes; Question 2: Tug Of War, Larry Weinstein May 2017

Fermi Questions, Question 1: Too Many Mosquitoes; Question 2: Tug Of War, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

A quiz concerning the number of mosquitoes required to drain a human of blood and the amount of rope-tension in a tug of war contest.


Fermi Questions, Question 1: Penny Floors; Question 2: Secondhand Smoke, Larry Weinstein Apr 2017

Fermi Questions, Question 1: Penny Floors; Question 2: Secondhand Smoke, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

A quiz concerning the cost to tile the floor of a room and negative effect of secondhand smoke is presented.


Earning A Seat At The Table: How It Departments Can Partner In Organizational Change And Innovation, Robert L. Moore, Nathan Johnson Jan 2017

Earning A Seat At The Table: How It Departments Can Partner In Organizational Change And Innovation, Robert L. Moore, Nathan Johnson

STEMPS Faculty Publications

Few would argue that the information technology department (ITD) is not an essential part of an organization. It is hard to envision a project that does not need the support of the ITD. Despite this importance, the ITD is not always involved in the management of projects. Often, the ITD is brought into the project late in the planning and development process. In many cases, the inclusion of the ITD in an advanced project stage can result in project failure where early involvement could have prevented it. Why is it that ITDs, while clearly a vital part of project implementation ...


Preparing Teacher Candidates For Virtual Field Placements Via An Exposure To K-12 Online Teaching, Tian Luo, Laura Hibbard, Teresa Franklin, David R. Moore Jan 2017

Preparing Teacher Candidates For Virtual Field Placements Via An Exposure To K-12 Online Teaching, Tian Luo, Laura Hibbard, Teresa Franklin, David R. Moore

STEMPS Faculty Publications

Aim/Purpose The goal of this project was to determine what effects exposure to online K-12 teaching and learning activities had on teacher candidates’ perceptions of K-12 online learning, how the exposure allowed teacher candidates to reach greater understanding of online pedagogy, and what effect such exposure had on teacher candidates’ aspirations to complete virtual field experiences.

Background With an increasing number of K-12 students learning online within full-time online schools and in blended learning environments, universities must prepare future educators to teach in virtual environments including clinical practice. Before engaging in online field placement, preservice teachers must be oriented ...


Development Of Visualization-Animation Software For Learning Transportation Algorithms, Ivan P. Makohon Jul 2016

Development Of Visualization-Animation Software For Learning Transportation Algorithms, Ivan P. Makohon

Computational Modeling and Simulation Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Recognizing the steady decline in US Science Technology Engineering Mathematics (STEM) interests and enrollments, the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the White House have developed national strategies and provided significant budget resources to STEM education research [1-2] in the past years, with the ultimate goals being to improve both the quality and number of highly trained US educators, student workforce in STEM topics, in today’s highly competitive global markets. With the explosion of the internet’s capability and availability, it is even more critical to effectively train this future USA-STEM work-force and/or to develop effective STEM related teaching ...


Defining The Competencies, Programming Languages, And Assessments For An Introductory Computer Science Course, Simon Sultana Jul 2016

Defining The Competencies, Programming Languages, And Assessments For An Introductory Computer Science Course, Simon Sultana

STEMPS Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to define the competencies, programming languages, and assessments for an introductory computer science course at a small private liberal arts university. Three research questions were addressed that involved identifying the competencies, programming languages, and assessments that academic and industry experts in California’s Central Valley felt most important and appropriate for an introduction to computer science course.

The Delphi methodology was used to collect data from the two groups of experts with various backgrounds related to computing. The goal was to find consensus among the individual groups to best define aspects that would best ...


Discipline-Based Planetary Education Research And Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis Of Mars, Filis Coba Jul 2016

Discipline-Based Planetary Education Research And Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis Of Mars, Filis Coba

Physics Theses & Dissertations

This thesis originates from the testing and implementation of an IRB-approved interactive animation designed to help students understand what causes The Reasons For The Seasons (RFTS) on Earth. Results from the testing indicated a small improvement in student understanding after exposure to the animation. Next, using the 3-D mapping tool Google Earth, students explored seasons and other planetary features on Mercury, Venus, the Moon and Mars through IRB-approved interactive tours which were developed and tested for astronomy education. Results from the tests indicated that there were statistically significant learning gains (p-value < 0.05) after students interacted with the tours compared to those who did not. The development of the tours inspired a geophysics study of the possibility of former plate motion (or plate tectonics) on Mars. A 2-D finite element convection model for the mantle of Mars was designed and solved using COMSOL Multiphysics 5.1, to investigate whether or not thermal gradients in a Mars-sized planet could cause vigorous upper mantle convection, consistent with plate tectonic processes. Results from this project indicated that stable convection could occur in the interior of a Mars-like planet assuming the presence of sufficiently high thermal gradients at about 0.8 times the mantle temperature of Earth. The convective patterns resembled hot upwelling and cool downwelling which may be similar to subduction-like features. Furthermore, increasing the temperature of the hot boundaries resulted in faster, more rigorous convective motions and a hotter average temperature.


Number Knowledge And Error Types Of Elementary Portuguese Students: Implications For Instruction, Silvana Watson, Sharon Judge, João Lopes, Célia Oliveira, Ana Catarina Jesus Jan 2016

Number Knowledge And Error Types Of Elementary Portuguese Students: Implications For Instruction, Silvana Watson, Sharon Judge, João Lopes, Célia Oliveira, Ana Catarina Jesus

Communication Disorders & Special Education Faculty Publications

In the present study, we examined number knowledge skills of 697 Portuguese elementary students from first to fourth grade. Students completed three number knowledge tasks: 1) translating numbers into words, 2) symbolic magnitude (i.e., number comparison), and 3) decomposing numbers. We evaluated students’ answers by means of error analysis using a three-category coding system adopted from specific error types were computed by grade level. Results showed that there were significant differences among grades and that the prerequisite linguistic error type (i.e., pre linguistic rules or principles of the cardinal number system), particularly in the magnitude tasks, significantly contributed ...


Probing The Landscape: Toward A Systematic Taxonomy Of Online Peer Assessment Systems In Education, Dymytro Babik, Edward F. Gehringer, Jennifer Kidd, Ferry Pramudianto, David Tinapple Jan 2016

Probing The Landscape: Toward A Systematic Taxonomy Of Online Peer Assessment Systems In Education, Dymytro Babik, Edward F. Gehringer, Jennifer Kidd, Ferry Pramudianto, David Tinapple

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

We present the research framework for a taxonomy of online educational peer-assessment systems. This framework enables researchers in technology-supported peer assessment to understand the current landscape of technologies supporting student peer review and assessment, specifically, its affordances and constraints. The framework helps identify the major themes in existing and potential research and formulate an agenda for future studies. It also informs educators and system design practitioners about use cases and design options.


Disaster Prevention Literacy Among School Administrators And Teachers: A Study On The Plan For Disaster Prevention And Campus Network Deployment And Experiment In Taiwan, Sung-Chin Chung, Cherng-Jyh Yen Jan 2016

Disaster Prevention Literacy Among School Administrators And Teachers: A Study On The Plan For Disaster Prevention And Campus Network Deployment And Experiment In Taiwan, Sung-Chin Chung, Cherng-Jyh Yen

Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications

Taiwan is located at the high-risk region of natural disasters with the frequently occurred earthquakes. The importance of the disaster prevention education on campus is made even more obvious by the fact that natural disasters often occur during the school days. Given the leading roles the school administrators and teachers playing in the disaster prevention education of their pupils, this study purposed to investigate how disaster prevention literacy was among them and how disaster prevention literacy differed across various background variables of them. Furthermore, the current study also examined if disaster prevention literacy changed by participation in the disaster prevention ...


Black Male Students And The Algebra Project: Mathematics Identity As Participation, Melva R. Grant, Helen Crompton, Deanna J. Ford Dec 2015

Black Male Students And The Algebra Project: Mathematics Identity As Participation, Melva R. Grant, Helen Crompton, Deanna J. Ford

STEMPS Faculty Publications

In this article, the authors examine the mathematics identity development of six Black male students over the course of a 4-year The Algebra Project Cohort Model (APCM) initiative. Mathematics identity here is defined as participation through interactions and positioning of self and others. Data collection included nearly 450 minutes of video recordings of small-group, mathematics problem solving in which student actions, coded as acts of participation, were tallied. These tallied actions were conceptualized descriptively in terms of mathematics identity using the lenses of agency, accountability, and work practices. The analyses suggest that the APCM students’ confidence in self and peers ...


What's Grad School All About?, Michele C. Weigle Feb 2015

What's Grad School All About?, Michele C. Weigle

Computer Science Presentations

PDF of a powerpoint presentation from the Capital region Celebration of Women in Computing (CAPWIC) Conference in Harrisonburg, Virginia, February 27, 2015. Also available on Slideshare.