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Georgia State University

2007

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Science Olympiad Students' Nature Of Science Understandings, Cindy Johnson Philpot Jul 2007

Science Olympiad Students' Nature Of Science Understandings, Cindy Johnson Philpot

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

Recent reform efforts in science education focus on scientific literacy for all citizens. In order to be scientifically literate, an individual must have informed understandings of nature of science (NOS), scientific inquiry, and science content matter. This study specifically focused on Science Olympiad students’ understanding of NOS as one piece of scientific literacy. Research consistently shows that science students do not have informed understandings of NOS (Abd-El-Khalick, 2002; Bell, Blair, Crawford, and Lederman, 2002; Kilcrease and Lucy, 2002; Schwartz, Lederman, and Thompson, 2001). However, McGhee-Brown, Martin, Monsaas and Stombler (2003) found that Science Olympiad students had in-depth understandings of science ...


Teaching And Learning: Novie Teachers' Descriptions Of Their Confidence To Teach Science Content, Barbara Ann Ford Jul 2007

Teaching And Learning: Novie Teachers' Descriptions Of Their Confidence To Teach Science Content, Barbara Ann Ford

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

The problem being studied in this research is the relationship between a specific series of integrated science courses in a science teacher preparation program and the actual needs of the science teacher during the first years of teaching practice. Teachers often report that there is a disconnect between the coursework they have taken in college as pre-service teachers and the reality of their classroom practice during their first years of teaching. The intent of this study was to record the descriptions of three teachers who were members of a cohort and took a series of integrated science courses (NSCI series ...


An Investigation Of Conceptual Knowledge: Urban African American Middle School Students' Use Of Fraction Representations And Fraction Computations In Performance-Based Tasks, Sandra Ann Canterbury Jul 2007

An Investigation Of Conceptual Knowledge: Urban African American Middle School Students' Use Of Fraction Representations And Fraction Computations In Performance-Based Tasks, Sandra Ann Canterbury

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

A relatively large number of 8th-grade public middle school students in the United States, particularly in urban communities, are not performing at acceptable levels in mathematics. One concept that poses significant difficulty for these students and negatively affects their overall mathematics achievement is fractions. Many researchers have attributed these difficulties primarily to traditional fraction instruction that emphasizes procedural rather than conceptual knowledge. Therefore this study was designed to investigate how students use their computational and conceptual knowledge and fraction representations to solve fraction-related performance-based mathematical tasks. Social constructivism was used as the theoretical framework in examining conceptual knowledge related to ...


Using Speech Recognition Software To Increase Writing Fluency For Individuals With Physical Disabilities, Jennifer Tumlin Garrett Jul 2007

Using Speech Recognition Software To Increase Writing Fluency For Individuals With Physical Disabilities, Jennifer Tumlin Garrett

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Writing is an important skill that is necessary throughout school and life. Many students with physical disabilities, however, have difficulty with writing skills due to disability-specific factors, such as motor coordination problems. Due to the difficulties these individuals have with writing, assistive technology is often utilized. One piece of assistive technology, speech recognition software, may help remove the motor demand of writing and help students become more fluent writers. Past research on the use of speech recognition software, however, reveals little information regarding its impact on individuals with physical disabilities. Therefore, this study involved students of high school age with ...


Maternal Perceptions And Responses To Child Sexual Abuse, Elizabeth Upchurch Willingham Jul 2007

Maternal Perceptions And Responses To Child Sexual Abuse, Elizabeth Upchurch Willingham

Counseling and Psychological Services Dissertations

ABSTRACT MATERNAL PERCEPTIONS AND RESPONSES TO CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE by Elizabeth U. Willingham Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a complex phenomenon that requires various levels of intervention to address the safety, recovery, and prevention needs of children and families who have experienced victimization. Although there is a large body of literature that has identified and examined many aspects of CSA (Putnam, 2003), less is known about nonoffending caregivers of sexually abused children. The one consistent finding across studies that have investigated CSA, nonoffending caregivers, and traumatic stress in children is the importance the of child-caregiver relationship in facilitating recovery (Elliot ...


Governmentality And U.S. Congressional Discourse Regarding Abstinence-Only Sexuality Education, Wm S. Boozer Jul 2007

Governmentality And U.S. Congressional Discourse Regarding Abstinence-Only Sexuality Education, Wm S. Boozer

Educational Policy Studies Dissertations

To investigate how federal discourse constructs adolescence, the author analyzed discussions of abstinence-only sexuality education from the U.S. Congressional Record from 2001 to 2007. He used grounded theory methodology to identify theoretical codes and construct a model from the data. The grounded theory developed focused on Congress’s maintenance of its role in mediating concern over the sexual behavior of adolescents as opposed to finding a solution to the problem it had identified. The author relates this theory to Foucault’s (1974/1991) concept of governmentality. He discusses Congress’s discourse about adolescence using Lesko’s (2001) confident characteristics ...


Foreign Language Learning In Santo Domingo: Qualitative Case Studies In Two Private Schools, Priscilla Garrido Noble Jul 2007

Foreign Language Learning In Santo Domingo: Qualitative Case Studies In Two Private Schools, Priscilla Garrido Noble

Educational Policy Studies Dissertations

Improving the teaching of English as a foreign language in public schools is a high priority for the Dominican administration elected in 2004. Consequently, the government’s plan of action includes a pilot project that integrates language teaching strategies and methods already found in the country’s private, K-12, foreign language programs. The purpose of this naturalistic inquiry was to investigate English teaching through case studies at two private schools in hopes of guiding the country’s educational policy. The schools were selected based on their contrasting methods of foreign language instruction. One school, Imersão, follows a structured immersion program ...


A Deliberate Reconstruction And Reconfiguring Of Women In History: One Teacher's Attempt At Transforming A U.S. History Curriculum, Cynthia Marie Schafer Jun 2007

A Deliberate Reconstruction And Reconfiguring Of Women In History: One Teacher's Attempt At Transforming A U.S. History Curriculum, Cynthia Marie Schafer

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

For decades, researchers have noted that the representation of women within the social studies curriculum and historical narratives has seriously neglected meaningful contributions made by women (Crocco, 1997; Lerner, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1993, 2004; Minnich, 1990; Noddings, 2001; Sincero & Woyshner, 2003). When women have received acknowledgement within traditional history, or the “great men” of history approach (Goldberg, Brattin, & Engel, 1993), it has mostly occurred in relationship to how men define women which leads to an unknowing acceptance of a dominant patriarchal tradition of knowledge and understanding (Minnich, 1990). Using a liberal feminist perspective, this interpretive inquiry examined the decision-making processes ...


Comparison Of Three Methods Of Placement And Advisement Into Freshmen Mathematics Courses And The Effect On Eventual Degree Completion, John Walter Cotter Jun 2007

Comparison Of Three Methods Of Placement And Advisement Into Freshmen Mathematics Courses And The Effect On Eventual Degree Completion, John Walter Cotter

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

Statement of the Problem The national six-year graduation rate is less than 60 percent. This alarming yet consistent feature of higher education has led researchers like Bean (1980), Tinto (1975, 1993), Astin (1993), Adelman (1999), Braxton (2000) and DesJardins (2002) to create a body of research which attempts to explain the causes of student attrition and suggest possible interventions. Learning Communities and Freshman Experience courses are two efforts to improve retention which are derived from this research. The purpose of this study was to test portions of Tinto’s longitudinal model of institutional departure that relates academic fit to persistence ...


Preservice Science Teachers' Experiences With Repeated, Guided Inquiry, Amy B. Slack Jun 2007

Preservice Science Teachers' Experiences With Repeated, Guided Inquiry, Amy B. Slack

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine preservice science teachers’ experiences with repeated scientific inquiry (SI) activities. The National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996) stress students should understand and possess the abilities to do SI. For students to meet these standards, science teachers must understand and be able to perform SI; however, previous research demonstrated that many teachers have naïve understandings in this area. Teacher preparation programs provide an opportunity to facilitate the development of inquiry understandings and abilities. In this study, preservice science teachers had experiences with two inquiry activities that were repeated three times each ...


Exploring The Epistemological Views Of Advanced Student Writers During The Research Paper Process, Judith Kay Romanchuk Jun 2007

Exploring The Epistemological Views Of Advanced Student Writers During The Research Paper Process, Judith Kay Romanchuk

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

The strong hold of the research paper on the English curriculum over the past fifty years has created instructional and learning challenges that call for innovative solutions. Although concerned educators have developed creative variations to spark student interest and promote critical thinking, research has revealed little change in curriculum design or student performance on the research paper, even with advanced ability students (Ford, 1995; Moulton & Holmes, 2003). The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how students’ perceptions of the knowledge task presented by a literary analysis research paper related to research and composing strategies for five twelfth-grade advanced students. Social constructivism (Creswell, 2003; Vygotsky, 1934/1986) and phenomenology (Schutz, 1967; Seidman, 1998) served as theoretical frameworks for the study. Three questions guided the research: 1) How might students’ epistemological views be described as they initiate the research paper ...


An Investigation Of Trauma Symptom Reduction In A Clinical Sample Of Sexually Abused Children Using The Trauma Symptom Checklist For Children, Sarah Denyse Brown Jun 2007

An Investigation Of Trauma Symptom Reduction In A Clinical Sample Of Sexually Abused Children Using The Trauma Symptom Checklist For Children, Sarah Denyse Brown

Counseling and Psychological Services Dissertations

School counselors have a duty to formulate strategies that aid in the detection and prevention of child sexual abuse (ASCA, 2003). This may be accomplished in a number of ways, such as designing programs, providing training to teachers regarding recognizing and reporting abuse indicators, and collaborating with child protection and other mental health professionals to provide additional aftercare for sexually abused children in the school setting. Much can be learned about trauma symptomology from a clinical sample of sexually abused children. The Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC; Briere, 1996) is a 54-item self-report instrument for children and adolescents 8-16 ...


Conditions Of Possibility And Agency: A Qualitative Inquiry Into The Professional Lives Of Three Women In The Liberal Arts Academic Disciplines, Angelyn Hayes Jun 2007

Conditions Of Possibility And Agency: A Qualitative Inquiry Into The Professional Lives Of Three Women In The Liberal Arts Academic Disciplines, Angelyn Hayes

Educational Policy Studies Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to research the experiences of female academicians in traditional liberal arts academic disciplines at one institution. The challenges of being a female academician are revealed in statistical data about faculty rank, tenure, and salaries as well as in descriptive accounts of the environment that women encounter in the higher education institutions. However, the intersection of women and the academic disciplines rooted in the liberal arts tradition is a neglected arena of investigation. This research involved a series of qualitative in-depth interviews with three women representing biology, psychology, and English at a small public college ...


First-Year Experience Collaboration Among Academic Affairs And Student Affairs At Public State University, Kimberly Grimes Frazier Jun 2007

First-Year Experience Collaboration Among Academic Affairs And Student Affairs At Public State University, Kimberly Grimes Frazier

Educational Policy Studies Dissertations

February 2003 was the inauguration of the Foundations of Excellence project with an open invitation to chief academic officers at approximately 900 of both the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU) and the Council for Independent Colleges (CIC) member institutions. The Policy Center on the First Year of College, under the direction of the Executive Director, John N. Gardner, invited the various campuses to develop standards and guidelines for the first year, which were termed as Foundational Dimensions or simply Dimensions. As a result, over 200 member institutions agreed to participate in the project by establishing campus-wide task ...


Does A Continuous Measure Of Handedness Predict Reading Related Processes And Reading Skills Across The Lifespan?, Michele Harrison Brenneman Jun 2007

Does A Continuous Measure Of Handedness Predict Reading Related Processes And Reading Skills Across The Lifespan?, Michele Harrison Brenneman

Counseling and Psychological Services Dissertations

DOES A CONTINUOUS MEASURE OF HANDEDNESS PREDICT READING RELATED PROCESSES AND READING SKILLS ACROSS THE LIFESPAN? by Michele Harrison Brenneman The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between handedness, reading skills, and reading related cognitive processes. The research results with regard to handedness, specific reading skills, and reading related cognitive processes are ambiguous at best. The method in which handedness is measured contributes to these diverse research findings, therefore the present investigation addressed these methodological limitations. A large normative sample of up to 1383 participants that ranged in age from 4 to 80 completed the Woodcock Johnson ...


Personality, Lifestyle, And Transformational Leadership From A Humanistic Perspective, Michele R. Frey Jun 2007

Personality, Lifestyle, And Transformational Leadership From A Humanistic Perspective, Michele R. Frey

Counseling and Psychological Services Dissertations

This study examined the interrelatedness of personality attributes related to lifestyle constructs as defined by Adler (Ansbacher & Ansbacher, 1956), personality constructs for career success as defined by Hogan (1983), and transformational leadership style as defined by the Full Range of Leadership model (FRL) (Bass, 1990). Recent studies have suggested that certain personality attributes may be consistent with successful leadership ability (Bass, 1990; Hogan, Curphy, & Hogan, 1994). There is, however, a lack of research looking at personality attributes as determinants of leadership style (Lim & Ployhart, 2004). Adler (Ansbacher & Ansbacher), Hogan (1983), and Bass (1990) posited that all human movement is purposeful and that an individual moves through this world toward and with others and in a concerted effort to overcome adversity. It is hoped that by using models with common theoretical themes that at least one confounding variable will be eliminated and thereby move researchers closer ...


Identity Development As The Parent Of A Lesbian Or Gay Male, Mary Jane Phillips Jun 2007

Identity Development As The Parent Of A Lesbian Or Gay Male, Mary Jane Phillips

Counseling and Psychological Services Dissertations

This study is designed to more fully understand the adaptational processes that parents of lesbians and gay men experience when their children come out to them. Seventeen parents described their experiences in semi-structured interviews. The interview transcripts were analyzed using grounded theory methodology to develop a model of parental adjustment over time. Parents experienced three broad phases of adjustment, each with different emphases: emotional responses were most dominant initially, cognitive and behavioral adjustments were the primary focus of the middle phase, and moral/spiritual issues were the major concern of the final phase. Some parents who successfully negotiated these adjustments ...


Identifying Factors That Influence Academic Performance Among Adolescents With Conduct Disorder, Lisa May Quick Jun 2007

Identifying Factors That Influence Academic Performance Among Adolescents With Conduct Disorder, Lisa May Quick

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

The academic underachievement of children and adolescents diagnosed with conduct disorder is well established in the literature. However, no study to date has explored the contributions of personal and contextual variables to specific areas of academic functioning in this population. In this study measures of basic reading, reading comprehension, mathematics reasoning, and numerical operations were assessed using the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) in 63 participants with childhood onset (CO) conduct disorder and 27 participants with adolescent onset (AO) conduct disorder. Participants were enrolled in a residential treatment facility between 1998 and 2002 at the time of evaluation. A series ...


Student Achievement In Science And Mathematics In Urban Professional Develpment Schools During First Year Of Implementation, Susan L. Ogletree Jun 2007

Student Achievement In Science And Mathematics In Urban Professional Develpment Schools During First Year Of Implementation, Susan L. Ogletree

Educational Policy Studies Dissertations

Using a quasi-experimental design, the author examined the effects of the Professional Development School Partnerships Deliver Success educational model on student academic achievement in science and mathematics in 12 high-needs, urban elementary, middle, and high schools in the southeastern United States. Student achievement was measured for first to eighth grade students by the State Criterion-Referenced Competency Test and for 11th-grade students by the State High School Graduation Test. 6 ANOVAs were used to compare baseline and year 1 performance data. Student ethnicity was used to disaggregate the data to investigate the extent, if any, to which achievement gaps narrowed. For ...


Cultural Leadership And Peace: An Educational Response To Religious Violence, B. David Rowe May 2007

Cultural Leadership And Peace: An Educational Response To Religious Violence, B. David Rowe

Educational Policy Studies Dissertations

ABSTRACT CULTURAL LEADERSHIP AND PEACE: AN EDUCATIONAL RESPONSE TO RELIGIOUS VIOLENCE by B. David Rowe This study is a philosophical inquiry into violence as the consequence of dysfunctional meaning-making processes. It establishes a theory of leadership development which requires, catalyzes, and sustains a reinvigorated relationship between education and religion in order to create more pacific ways of making meaning on interpersonal, organizational, institutional, societal, and global levels. The inquiry articulates an understanding of leadership as drawing on educative and religious processes for the deployment of power in order to make meaning with or on behalf of groups of people at ...


A Mathematics Acceleration Experience For Mathematically Promising Students, Dorothy Jeanette Whitlow-Malin Mar 2007

A Mathematics Acceleration Experience For Mathematically Promising Students, Dorothy Jeanette Whitlow-Malin

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

To address the pervasive concerns of educators about the social and emotional effects of mathematics acceleration on students and the paucity of findings on those issues, 6 students who had participated in 6 years of accelerated mathematics courses were purposefully identified and interviewed in this longitudinal study. Through a qualitative research design, using phenomenological methods, and accompanying descriptive statistics, the author elicited the students’ descriptions of their learning experiences. Major findings in this study were that all students described great benefits from the experience, negative effects were minor, and key factors contributing to success were work ethic, motivation, parents and ...


African American Eighth-Grade Female Students' Perceptions And Experiences As Learners Of Science Literacy, Sharan Renee' Crim Feb 2007

African American Eighth-Grade Female Students' Perceptions And Experiences As Learners Of Science Literacy, Sharan Renee' Crim

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (2000) reports an achievement gap between male and female students and majority and minority students in science literacy. Rutherford and Ahlgren (2000) describe a scientifically literate person as one who is aware that science, mathematics, and technology are interdependent human enterprises with strengths and limitations; understands key concepts and principles of science; is familiar with the natural world and recognizes both its diversity and unity; and uses scientific knowledge and scientific ways of thinking for individual and social purposes. The purpose of this qualitative case study research was to investigate African American eighth grade ...


Beliefs About Technology Integration Support Factors Held By School Leadership And School Faculty: A Mixed Methods Study, Katherine Williams Feb 2007

Beliefs About Technology Integration Support Factors Held By School Leadership And School Faculty: A Mixed Methods Study, Katherine Williams

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

Teachers’ beliefs have been identified as a barrier to classroom technology integration. School leadership support that reduces or removes integration barriers can assist teachers in the move from traditional teaching beliefs and practices towards successful classroom technology integration. This mixed methods study investigated beliefs of school leaders and teacher participants concerning support factors that affect technology integration from a mid-sized suburban public school system in the southeastern United States. The quantitative phase of this study included 556 school leaders and teachers. The quantitative survey Beliefs about Teaching with Technology (BATT) measured the school leaders and teachers’ beliefs concerning support factors ...


Increasing Coping Resources: An Experimental Intervention Approach, Wendy Lynn Dickinson Feb 2007

Increasing Coping Resources: An Experimental Intervention Approach, Wendy Lynn Dickinson

Counseling and Psychological Services Dissertations

Recently, 44% of college students reported increased levels of stress, and 28% reported feeling overwhelmed (e.g., The American College Health Association: 2004). Stress has been linked to a variety of physical and emotional problems (e.g., Matheny & McCarthy, 2000). A number of studies (e.g., Matheny et al., 1993; Matheny et al., 1986) have identified coping resources as helpful in decreasing the negative effects of stress. However, there are still some questions in the literature regarding effective ways to increase coping resources. Reading written feedback about coping resources is one way to increase individuals’ awareness about their coping resources (e.g., Matheny et al., 1993). Another intervention that has been shown ...


The Effect Of Dramatic Play On Children's Graphic Representation Of Emotion, Lynda Anne Kapsch Feb 2007

The Effect Of Dramatic Play On Children's Graphic Representation Of Emotion, Lynda Anne Kapsch

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Drawing is valued as a non-verbal assessment tool to measure children's conceptual development and emotional state. Drawing has also been described as a problem-solving activity and unique symbol system. Although drama has been known to facilitate learning in other symbol systems, such as reading and writing, and to bring about advances in perspective taking and understanding of emotion, its impact on drawing has not been previously examined. In this study, Kindergarten and first grade children were instructed to draw a happy tree, sad tree, and angry tree before and after a 10-hour drama intervention. Half of the children participated ...


High School Language Arts Teachers' Experiences With Integrating Technology After Participating In A State-Mandated Technology Professional Development Course, Stacy Rae Byous Feb 2007

High School Language Arts Teachers' Experiences With Integrating Technology After Participating In A State-Mandated Technology Professional Development Course, Stacy Rae Byous

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

Georgia has invested millions of dollars for technology and teacher technology training in order to prepare students for a technological society (Brackett, Henry, & Weathersby, 1999; Hinton, 2003). While technology affects all teachers, language arts teachers are also challenged to teach multiple literacies (Leu, Kinzer, Coiro, & Cammack, 2004). This study investigated the extent that professional development programs impact the language arts teachers’ classroom practice (Bebell, Russell, & O’Dwyer, 2004; Young & Bush, 2004). This case study research explored three high school language arts teachers’ experiences with integrating technology after having participated in a state-mandated professional development course on technology. Rogers’ (1995) Adoption and Diffusion Model was used as a framework in order to understand the factors that influence adoption of innovations and to explore factors that act as barriers or enhance the adoption process. An emergent qualitative research design was used to investigate the following research questions: (1) In what ways do high school language arts teachers integrate technology into their curriculum after completion of said course? (2) To what extent are these practices representative of the experiences addressed in the professional development course? (3) What are teachers’ perceptions of technology integration in the language arts classroom? Data sources included formal interviews, video-taped lessons, observational field notes, teacher portfolios, and other written communications to supplement face to face interviews. A constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967; Lincoln & Guba, 1985) was used throughout the study by assigning each piece of data a code and category, which was revised and modified as new data were incorporated (Bogdan & Biklen, 1992). Rigor was established through member checks and triangulation of the data. Four themes emerged from the data: (a) technology was adopted as a tool, (b ...


High School Students' Attitudes And Beliefs Regarding Statistics In A Service-Learning-Based Statistics Course, Jennifer Leong Feb 2007

High School Students' Attitudes And Beliefs Regarding Statistics In A Service-Learning-Based Statistics Course, Jennifer Leong

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

Despite agreement among researchers about the powerful influence of attitudes and beliefs on the development of students’ mathematical knowledge base (Leder, Pehkonen, & Törner, 2002), relatively little is known about these constructs in statistics education. This study investigated the relationship between mathematics-and statistics-related attitudes and beliefs of 11 high school students in an introductory statistics course designed around a 13-week long service-learning project. Service-learning is a pedagogical approach that situates academic learning in the context of community service. The study utilized qualitative, teacher-researcher (Cochran-Smith & Lytle, 1993) methodology from an interpretivist perspective. The three primary modes of data collection were journals, narratives ...


Student Government Presidents' Perceptions Of Their Role In Institutional Decision-Making At A Two-Year Public College, Michael Lenard Sanseviro Feb 2007

Student Government Presidents' Perceptions Of Their Role In Institutional Decision-Making At A Two-Year Public College, Michael Lenard Sanseviro

Educational Policy Studies Dissertations

This qualitative study investigated the roles students play in institutional decision-making, and in particular how the students perceive both what their roles should be and what their roles actually are. Five Student Government Association (SGA) presidents, serving sequential one-year terms from 1999 to 2004 at one campus of a multi-campus two-year public college located in a large metropolitan area in the southeast, were interviewed. The qualitative research methodology employed thematic analysis to describe the students' perceptions in the context of both the letter and spirit of policy implementation regarding institutional decision-making. Through analysis of interviews, institutional documents, and documents at ...


Six Middle School Language Arts Teachers' Beliefs About Grammar And Their Teaching Of Grammar While Participating In A Professional Learning Community, Ellah Sue Mcclure Jan 2007

Six Middle School Language Arts Teachers' Beliefs About Grammar And Their Teaching Of Grammar While Participating In A Professional Learning Community, Ellah Sue Mcclure

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Dissertations

Historically, English language arts educators have strongly disagreed about the role of grammar instruction in students’ literacy development (Weaver, 1996; Mulroy, 2003), and despite the importance of teachers’ beliefs and the continuing controversy over grammar instruction, few studies have explored teachers’ beliefs about the role of grammar instruction in English language arts education. The purpose of this qualitative, interpretive research was to investigate six middle school English language arts teachers’ beliefs and practices related to grammar and the teaching of grammar. Social constructivism (Fosnot & Perry, 2005) and phenomenology (Schutz, 1967; Seidman, 1998) served as theoretical frameworks for the study. Four questions guided the research: (1) What ...


Critical Mathematics Pedagogy: Transforming Teachers’ Practices, David W. Stinson, Carla R. Bidwell, Christopher C. Jett, Ginny C. Powell, Mary M. Thurman Jan 2007

Critical Mathematics Pedagogy: Transforming Teachers’ Practices, David W. Stinson, Carla R. Bidwell, Christopher C. Jett, Ginny C. Powell, Mary M. Thurman

Middle-Secondary Education and Instructional Technology Faculty Publications

This study reports the effects of a graduate-level mathematics education course that focused on critical theory and teaching for social justice on the pedagogical philosophies and practices of three mathematics teachers (middle, high school, and 2-year college). The study employed Freirian participatory research methodology; in fact, the participants were not only co-researchers, but also co-authors of the study. Data collection included reflective essays, journals, and “storytelling”; data analysis was a combination of textual analysis and autoethnography. The findings report that the teachers believed that the course provided not only a new language but also a legitimization to transform their pedagogical ...