Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

United States History

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

1997

Articles 1 - 1 of 1

Full-Text Articles in Education

Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns Jan 1997

Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using periodicals, catalogs, extant garments, postcards, patents, photographs, and newspapers, I traced the origin and development of women's functional swimwear from the bloomer costume of the 1850s to the "tank suit" of the 1920s. To gain insight into exogenous or external forces that may influence the fashion process, I considered urban lifestyle, education and status of women, leisure activities, swimming facilities, renowned swimmers, the Olympics, knit technology, water travel, drownings, life preservers, and public baths;Initial findings supported the thesis that women's bathing garments followed the dominant outerwear silhouette of the era. Visual data indicated women generally adopted ...