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Full-Text Articles in Education

Describing Transformations: A Math 8 Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica Stam Dec 2016

Describing Transformations: A Math 8 Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica Stam

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project focuses on the 8th Grade Mathematics unit: Transformations. The project was developed as a resource for teachers transitioning to the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS). The unit plan is aligned to the New York State Common Core State Standards (NYSCCSS) and the New York State Standards for Mathematical Practices. The unit plan addresses all mathematical practice standards with emphasis on (2) Reason abstractly and quantitatively and (5) use appropriate tools strategically. The lessons in this unit plan, should be used as guide and alternate resource to support teachers who work in states where CCSS has been ...


Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold Dec 2016

Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Argumentation is a critical goal of today’s schools as a way to develop rational citizens who can critique the validity claims about phenomenon in society and the natural world. This work reviews current educational research about the best practices when it comes to teaching and using argumentation in STEM disciplines. As a result of this literature review, three strategies are identified and implemented in a secondary STEM classroom to determine their impact. The specific strategies used to support argumentation were a clear argument structure, collaborative discourse, and engaging, inquiry based tasks. While the sample size is small, the literature ...


Modification Of Linguistic Instructional Strategies For Application In Chemistry: Progressing Beyond Scientific Literacy To Chemical Fluency, Genevieve Marie Criss Dec 2016

Modification Of Linguistic Instructional Strategies For Application In Chemistry: Progressing Beyond Scientific Literacy To Chemical Fluency, Genevieve Marie Criss

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project presents multiple instructional supports, designed from modifications of bilingual and linguistic educational methods, to promote the development of chemical fluency in chemistry language learners. These chemical language-focused supports will be presented in the form of six language modules, which feature specifically tailored linguistic strategies and specialized resources. Each module is specifically designed to support and align with the chemical language needs in the first six units of a typical Regents Chemistry classroom in New York state. Linguistic strategies for use in these modules include: 1) translation supports as used in bilingual education, with particular reference to code-switching ...


Uncovering Models And Visualizations In The Chemistry Classroom, An Assessment Of Classroom Activities And Lessons, Michael Brooke-Gay Oct 2016

Uncovering Models And Visualizations In The Chemistry Classroom, An Assessment Of Classroom Activities And Lessons, Michael Brooke-Gay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Chemistry education, although difficult, can be improved through the use of modeling and visualizations in the classroom. Example case studies throughout will show the importance of models and questioning techniques used to assess student understanding. By injecting mental models, physical scientific models, cartoons, analogies and computer simulations into the curriculum, chemistry can become a subject where seeing the unseen is possible.


Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner Oct 2016

Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using Cognitive Load Theory as a tool to help teachers differentiate in a Chemistry classroom can benefit both teacher and student. Using this theory, teachers can evaluate their lessons and activities and gauge how challenging they will be for their students, which invites teachers to adapt their methods based on their students’ skills. Students’ capabilities can be measured using the idea of cognitive efficiency. If they complete a task quickly and with a low amount of effort, versus a peer who completes the same task over a long time, applying a great deal of effort with little result, the first ...


Physics Inquiry Starters: Labs To Introduce Physics Content, Jason S. Pritchard Oct 2016

Physics Inquiry Starters: Labs To Introduce Physics Content, Jason S. Pritchard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Next Generation Science standards emphasize students thinking and working like scientists. The New York State Board of Regents adopted the draft New York State Science Learning Standards based on the Next Generation Science Standards in December 2016 for implementation beginning July 1, 2017. Teachers are concerned about such a short timeline to implement new standards. While these standards do not include new content for Physics teachers, many of them deepen the content and require a higher level of Blooms Taxonomy to meet the standards than the previous standards. Research backs inquiry-based learning in the science classroom (Jackson & Ash, 2012; Marshall & Alston, 2014; Shemwell ...


Teaching Arithmetic Sequences Using Situated Problem Solving Tasks, Thomas A. Fisher Sep 2016

Teaching Arithmetic Sequences Using Situated Problem Solving Tasks, Thomas A. Fisher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was developed to help teachers educate students about arithmetic sequences using an inquiry-based situative approach. The curriculum incorporates meaningful contexts within problem solving tasks to help students make connections between linear functions and arithmetic sequences. The materials are aligned to the Algebra I standards within the Common Core Learning Standards (CCLS).


Examining Motivation To Behave Professionally In A Positive Behavior Support Model, Warren C. Wood Aug 2016

Examining Motivation To Behave Professionally In A Positive Behavior Support Model, Warren C. Wood

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much research has been conducted on the impact that student behavior has on school and student outcomes. Loss of instruction, academic failure, and criminal activity have been linked to anti-social behavior in students. Such behaviors were more likely in schools that used a punitive form of behavior management and unclear expectations. Therefore, it is necessary for schools to teach students how to act professionally so that they are prepared for the demands of college and career. Positive Behavior Support (PBS) is a widely used behavior prevention model that has been shown to be effective in reducing behavior problems in schools ...


Rearranging Algebraic Equations Using Electrical Circuit Applications: A Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core Learning Standards, Susan L. Sommers Jun 2016

Rearranging Algebraic Equations Using Electrical Circuit Applications: A Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core Learning Standards, Susan L. Sommers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As a response to both the implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and a recent approval of a change by the New York State Board of Regents to allow multiple pathways for graduation, this curriculum project, which will be referred to as a unit plan throughout the paper, was designed to meet the need for more units of study that apply mathematical modeling in algebra to real world situations that allow students to explore applications of mathematics in careers. The unit plan on rearranging algebraic equations using electrical circuit applications is aligned to the New York State Common ...


Radioactive Decay, Ryan Case, Jayson Pritchard Jun 2016

Radioactive Decay, Ryan Case, Jayson Pritchard

Lesson Plans

The purpose of this model is to simulate the decay of radioactive nuclei to the stable isotope Lead-206. First and foremost, the model is designed to illustrate the concept of a half-life, which is the amount of time it takes for half a given quality of nuclei to decay to the next nuclei. In addition it also demonstrates that different radioisotopes have different half-lives than one another, and that the mass is conserved in nuclear reactions but not necessarily the number of protons, neutrons, or nuclei.


Insolation And Ecosystem, Margaret Allocco, Chris Haller Jun 2016

Insolation And Ecosystem, Margaret Allocco, Chris Haller

Lesson Plans

The purpose of this model is to demonstrate the impact of angle of insolation and precipitation on the health of a specific climate zone’s ecosystem


Exploring Density, Jamye Babocsi, Agnieszka Wallace Jun 2016

Exploring Density, Jamye Babocsi, Agnieszka Wallace

Lesson Plans

This density model is designed to allow students to explore how mass, volume, and temperature directly affect the density of an object or liquid


Biomagnification And Bioaccumulation, Grace Linder, Lauren Thresh Jun 2016

Biomagnification And Bioaccumulation, Grace Linder, Lauren Thresh

Lesson Plans

This computational model is intended to demonstrate how micropollutants effect ecology via the living environment concepts of biomagnification and bioaccumulation. Specifically, this model shows how concentrations of a micropollutant change throughout an aquatic food chain.


Chemical Weathering, Elizabeth Kreppel, Kaitlin Ordiway Jun 2016

Chemical Weathering, Elizabeth Kreppel, Kaitlin Ordiway

Lesson Plans

This model shows the effects of acid rain on different rock types.


Carbon Emissions, Breanna Hummel, Samantha Slossar Jun 2016

Carbon Emissions, Breanna Hummel, Samantha Slossar

Lesson Plans

This model demonstrates how a population affects the carbon emissions in a region.


Osmosis And Plasmolysis, Andy Bumstead, Anthony Raymond Jun 2016

Osmosis And Plasmolysis, Andy Bumstead, Anthony Raymond

Lesson Plans

This model simulates the processes of diffusion and osmosis in a plant cell


Titration, Ryan Case, Jayson Pritchard Jun 2016

Titration, Ryan Case, Jayson Pritchard

Lesson Plans

This model is meant to represent what is going on during a titration at the particle level


Decomposition And Growth, Margaret Allocco, Chris Haller Jun 2016

Decomposition And Growth, Margaret Allocco, Chris Haller

Lesson Plans

This model shows is a simple representation of decomposition and growth. As students move the arrow over different sprites in the model, the sprites will “talk” asking questions and providing information to the user.


Sea Turtle Survival, Grace Linder, Lauren Thresh Jun 2016

Sea Turtle Survival, Grace Linder, Lauren Thresh

Lesson Plans

This model is intended to demonstrate the heavy predation and low survival rate of hatchling sea turtles


A Curriculum Project On Expressions And Equations In Mathematics 8 Aligned To The Common Core State Standards, Nicole Szatko May 2016

A Curriculum Project On Expressions And Equations In Mathematics 8 Aligned To The Common Core State Standards, Nicole Szatko

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In response to the implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), this curriculum project was designed to help teachers with the transition to these standards. This curriculum project provides a unit plan on solving equations for the eighth grade curriculum, which is aligned to the Common Core State Standards. The unit plan addresses expressions and equations in alignment with, Mathematical Practice Standard 8. The curriculum project may act as a resource to assist teachers in the process of converting their unit plans to align with the Common Core State Standards.


Math In Motion: How Integrating Dance And Into A Math Classroom Affects A Student’S Ability To Learn, Rebecca Buranich May 2016

Math In Motion: How Integrating Dance And Into A Math Classroom Affects A Student’S Ability To Learn, Rebecca Buranich

Senior Honors Theses

This research explores how placing dance and whole body movements into the math classroom at an elementary level help children better understand and develop a greater appreciation of basic mathematical concepts. More specifically, it looks at what effect the muscle memory that is developed while moving has on retaining information in a scholastic setting. Due to decreased funding in schools, programs in the arts are disappearing. I look at the positive effects of the arts in schools and how the integration and implementation of them with a core subject can be essential to a child’s learning experience. With the ...


Metacognition And Student Achievement In Mathematics, Nancy Laistner May 2016

Metacognition And Student Achievement In Mathematics, Nancy Laistner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students often struggle when solving with mathematical problems on tests. While students may have the content knowledge to solve these problems, often they do not have the ability to identify what content knowledge should be applied and when it should be applied. At times, students make simple computational mistakes or simply give up on problems part way through because they do not feel that they are on the right path. Students need to be equipped with metacognitive strategies which will help them to overcome these issues. This paper discusses metacognition and its’ impact on student achievement in mathematics ...


A Curriculum Project On The Design And Implementation Of Cognitive Load Theory In Mathematics, Kevin D. Gaydorus Jan 2016

A Curriculum Project On The Design And Implementation Of Cognitive Load Theory In Mathematics, Kevin D. Gaydorus

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Variety in the implementation of curriculum projects guided by the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) may be essential for student success in the mathematics classroom. This curriculum project designed for 7th grade mathematics geometry seeks to utilize the Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) to decrease the extraneous cognitive load of students. Merrienboer and Sweller (2005) define that CLT “uses interactions between information structures and knowledge of human cognition to determine instructional design” (p.147). Utilizing CLT into each lesson can provide students with a greater conceptual understanding of the complex tasks that are required of them by the CCSS.