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Educational Psychology

2014

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Procrastination And The College Student: An Analysis On Contributing Factors And Academic Consequences, Jourdan Ford Dec 2014

Procrastination And The College Student: An Analysis On Contributing Factors And Academic Consequences, Jourdan Ford

Education Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Drinking In Context: The Influence Of Peer Pressure On Drinking Among Chinese College Students, Lanyan Ding Dec 2014

Drinking In Context: The Influence Of Peer Pressure On Drinking Among Chinese College Students, Lanyan Ding

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

The present study uses a cross-sectional method of subgrouping and examines the influence of peer pressure on college students’ alcohol use in China. A total of 951 undergraduate students (freshman, sophomore, and junior) from a university in central China volunteered to fill out questionnaires in convenient classrooms. The extent of perceived peer pressure and corresponding drinking behavior were examined separately in subpopulations categorized by gender and peer groups (History major and Physical Education major). The mediational role of alcohol self-regulation self-efficacy on pressure- drinking association was also examined.

Results have indicated gender differences and subgroup differences (HIST and PE) for ...


Fostering Metacognition In The Middle School Classroom: An Exploration Of Teachers' Practices, Markeya S. Peteranetz Dec 2014

Fostering Metacognition In The Middle School Classroom: An Exploration Of Teachers' Practices, Markeya S. Peteranetz

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

This thesis investigated how middle school teachers foster metacognition through instruction. Metacognition is the knowledge and awareness of one’s thinking as well as monitoring and control of thought processes. Metacognition is related to student achievement and can be increased through both implicit and explicit instruction. Explicit instruction takes place when the teacher points out, explains, or discusses the benefits of metacognition. Implicit instruction occurs when the teacher models or prompts the use of metacognition without expressly acknowledging or discussing it. This thesis used both quantitative and qualitative methods to determine the extent that metacognition is fostered in middle school ...


The Power And Type I Error Rate Of Holm's Procedure When The Assumptions Of Normality And Variance Homogeneity Are Violated, Michael J. Zweifel Dec 2014

The Power And Type I Error Rate Of Holm's Procedure When The Assumptions Of Normality And Variance Homogeneity Are Violated, Michael J. Zweifel

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

When multiple hypothesis tests are conducted on a single data set, it is necessary to control for the inflation of the Type I error rate. This is done through the use of multiple comparison procedures. Holm’s procedure is a potentially attractive multiple comparison procedure because it makes no assumptions about the data and it is simple to implement. Holm’s procedure is conducted by adjusting the p-values obtained from a prior statistical test. As a result, the power and Type I error rate of Holm’s procedure may be tied to the assumptions of the statistical test from ...


Combating The Motivational Interference Potential Of Technological Distractions During Academic Tasks: The Role Of Academic Delay Of Gratification, Abraham E. Flanigan Dec 2014

Combating The Motivational Interference Potential Of Technological Distractions During Academic Tasks: The Role Of Academic Delay Of Gratification, Abraham E. Flanigan

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

The presence of technological distractions during homework and study diminishes students’ ability to self-regulate effectively, a phenomenon known as motivational interference. To date, no studies have explored the relationship between college students’ delay of gratification tendencies and motivational interference. Do students with greater delay of gratification tendencies experience less motivational interference from a potential distraction? The present study explored this question by comparing students’ academic delay of gratification tendencies with their experiences of motivational interference. Participants self-reported their delay of gratification tendencies then completed an academic task while confronted with a computer distractor. Afterward, participants self-reported their motivational interference scores ...


Program Evaluation Of Behavior Management Training For Preschool Teachers: Teacher Outcomes, Danielle Marie Young Dec 2014

Program Evaluation Of Behavior Management Training For Preschool Teachers: Teacher Outcomes, Danielle Marie Young

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Teachers are required to manage difficult behaviors within their classrooms with limited support and resources. Additionally, there is not a lot of research that has been completed looking at teacher attitudes or how children’s behavior impacts them personally. The current study looks at teacher outcomes based upon an evidence-based teacher training program. The teacher training was implemented at the Western Kentucky Head Start. Teachers’ job stress and self-efficacy were measured before the training, after the training, in the fall, and in the spring. In addition, standardized observations were completed, looking at classroom climate and management, in the fall and ...


Creating A National Society For The Enhancement Of Indonesian Citizenry: Furthering The Liberal Arts In Higher Education, Judith Puncochar Nov 2014

Creating A National Society For The Enhancement Of Indonesian Citizenry: Furthering The Liberal Arts In Higher Education, Judith Puncochar

Other Presentations

Three processes come to mind when we think about launching a national society for the enhancement of the Indonesian citizenry by furthering the study of Liberal Arts in higher education. The first is Excitement. People who work with the Liberal Arts experience a shared excitement. Students are genuinely excited to hone critical thinking, decision-making, leadership, and speaking skills engendered through classroom study of the Liberal Arts. Lecturers are genuinely interested in learning how to teach with a student-centered Liberal Arts focus. The second process is Cooperation. Humans in all occupations cooperate and learn interactively and collaboratively together. A committed group ...


Measuring The Effects Of Parental Involvement In Academic And Extracurricular Activities On A Child’S Self-Efficacy, Adele E. Marsh, Brittni James Nov 2014

Measuring The Effects Of Parental Involvement In Academic And Extracurricular Activities On A Child’S Self-Efficacy, Adele E. Marsh, Brittni James

Education Undergraduate Research

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to see what effect parental involvement in both academic and extracurricular activities had on the academic achievement and self-efficacy of students in a parochial middle school class in eastern Tennessee. The researchers hypothesize that parental involvement has a positive effect on a child’s academic achievement and this study was conducted to provide evidence for this hypothesis. In this study, 39 parents and 16 students from an eighth grade classroom were surveyed. Among other things, the parents were questioned about how important they felt it was to do the following: attend extracurricular activities ...


Interactive Usage Of Demonstration Videos: An Experimental Evaluation, Ryan Anderson, Shiyuan Wang, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Kevin M. Lee Nov 2014

Interactive Usage Of Demonstration Videos: An Experimental Evaluation, Ryan Anderson, Shiyuan Wang, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Kevin M. Lee

DBER Speaker Series

Crouch et al (2004) posit that students will be more engaged by and learn more from classroom demonstrations when asked to predict the outcome of the demonstration and discuss it with peers. We tested this hypothesis in an experiment involving 116 students enrolled in an undergraduate astronomy class using an online survey and five video demonstrations. Students were randomly assigned to one of four conditions, including watching a set of videos (about convection, sun spots, and buoyancy) under one of Crouch’s three modes of presentation (observe, predict, and discuss) and a control condition which involved viewing different videos (about ...


The Relationship Between Body Mass Index, Fitness, Self-Efficacy And Their Prediction On Criterion Referenced Competency Test Scores For Eighth Grade Students, Julie Hale Nov 2014

The Relationship Between Body Mass Index, Fitness, Self-Efficacy And Their Prediction On Criterion Referenced Competency Test Scores For Eighth Grade Students, Julie Hale

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This study sought to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), physical fitness, self-efficacy, and their possible prediction on scores from the Georgia Criterion Referenced Competency Test (CRCT) for eighth grade students in north Georgia. The participants were 183 eighth grade students in three north Georgia middle schools enrolled in physical education during the fall of 2013. Scores from the students' BMI, FitnessGram®, General Self-Efficacy Test (GSES), and results from the Georgia CRCT were compiled and analyzed to give a better understanding of their predictive relationship. Students complete CRCT tests every school year between third and eighth grade, and ...


Graduate Ethics Education: A Content Analysis Of Syllabi, Shannon M. Grifith, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Austin J. Anderson Nov 2014

Graduate Ethics Education: A Content Analysis Of Syllabi, Shannon M. Grifith, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Austin J. Anderson

Psychology Faculty Publications

Ethical practice of psychology is emphasized by APA accreditation requirements. The current study is a content analysis of 53 ethics courses syllabi from all APA accredited programs listed in the American Psychologist 2011 annual report. This article is a companion to Domenech Rodríguez et al. (2013) and contributes knowledge on the current state of graduate ethics education. Of the parent project respondents (N = 364), 14% returned syllabi for the present study. General information (e.g., objectives, honor code, academic honesty, common policy, and classroom expectations), assignments, APA format, and teaching sources were coded. Coding of objectives were developed from McKeachie ...


Ethics Education In Professional Psychology: A Survey Of American Psychological Association Accredited Programs, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Jennifer A. Erickson Cornish, Janet T. Thomas, Linda Forrest, Austin Anderson, James N. Bow Nov 2014

Ethics Education In Professional Psychology: A Survey Of American Psychological Association Accredited Programs, Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Jennifer A. Erickson Cornish, Janet T. Thomas, Linda Forrest, Austin Anderson, James N. Bow

Psychology Faculty Publications

Professional psychologists are expected to know ethical standards and engage in proactive analysis of ethical considerations across professional roles (e.g., practice, research, teaching). Yet, little is known about the current state of doctoral ethics education in professional psychology, including the content covered and pedagogical strategies used to ensure developing this core component of professional competency (de las Fuentes, Willmuth, & Yarrow, 2005). A survey of ethics educators from APAaccredited programs across the United States and Canada resulted in 136 instructors reporting on their program's ethics training. The majority of questionnaires returned were from PhD programs (77.9%). A substantial ...


Testing For Measurement Invariance And Latent Mean Differences Across Methods: Interesting Incremental Information From Multitrait-Multimethod Studies, Christian Geiser, G. Leonard Burns, Mateu Servera Oct 2014

Testing For Measurement Invariance And Latent Mean Differences Across Methods: Interesting Incremental Information From Multitrait-Multimethod Studies, Christian Geiser, G. Leonard Burns, Mateu Servera

Psychology Faculty Publications

Models of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) are frequently applied to examine the convergent validity of scores obtained from multiple raters or methods in so-called multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) investigations. We show that interesting incremental information about method effects can be gained from including mean structures and tests of MI across methods in MTMM models. We present a modeling framework for testing MI in the first step of a CFA-MTMM analysis. We also discuss the relevance of MI in the context of four more complex CFA-MTMM models with method factors. We focus on three recently developed multiple-indicator CFA-MTMM models for structurally different methods ...


Between-Domain Relations Of Students' Academic Emotions And Their Judgments Of School Domain Similarity, Thomas Goetz, Ludwig Haag, Anastasiya A. Lipnevich, Melanie M. Keller, Anne C. Frenzel, Antonie P. M. Collier Oct 2014

Between-Domain Relations Of Students' Academic Emotions And Their Judgments Of School Domain Similarity, Thomas Goetz, Ludwig Haag, Anastasiya A. Lipnevich, Melanie M. Keller, Anne C. Frenzel, Antonie P. M. Collier

Publications and Research

With the aim to deepen our understanding of the between-domain relations of academic emotions, a series of three studies was conducted. We theorized that between-domain relations of trait (i.e., habitual) emotions reflected students' judgments of domain similarities, whereas between-domain relations of state (i.e., momentary) emotions did not. This supposition was based on the accessibility model of emotional self-report, according to which individuals' beliefs tend to strongly impact trait, but not state emotions. The aim of Study 1 (interviews; N = 40; 8th and 11th graders) was to gather salient characteristics of academic domains from students' perspective. In Study 2 ...


The Effect Of Morphological Strategies Training For English Language Learners, Qizhen Deng, Guy Trainin Oct 2014

The Effect Of Morphological Strategies Training For English Language Learners, Qizhen Deng, Guy Trainin

Research and Evaluation in Literacy and Technology

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of morphological strategies training for English language learners from an Intensive English Program with different English proficiency levels. A secondary goal was to investigate how the training influences their cognitive load during morphological analysis tasks. Findings from 22 participants revealed that morphological strategies training positively affects the morphological awareness of ELLs and reduces the cognitive load of ELLs for all types of morphological tasks regardless of their English proficiency level: sentence completion, analogy, break down words, and meaning guess.

[Note: Download button links to pdf version; PowerPoint slide version attached ...


Correlation Study: The Effect Of Student-Teacher Rapport On High School Student Performance Rate, Robyn Clark Oct 2014

Correlation Study: The Effect Of Student-Teacher Rapport On High School Student Performance Rate, Robyn Clark

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This study examined the relationship between student-teacher rapport and student performance rate. Convenience sampling was used to gather participants for the study. Graduating senior students at a Henrico County Public High School completed the Student Teacher Relationship Scale created by Dr. Robert C. Pianta. The mean scores of all students were calculated and then grouped and calculated according to gender and post-secondary goals/plans. The students' self-reported Grade Point Averages (GPA) were compared to their survey score to discover if there was a correlation between the students' rapport scale and their GPA. This study tested whether the student-teacher rapport developed ...


Dimensional Comparison Theory: An Extension Of The Internal/External Frame Of Reference Effect On Academic Self-Concept Formation [Accepted Manuscript], Herbert W. Marsh, Hans Kuyper, Marjorie Seaton, Philip D. Parker, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Jens Moller, Adel S. Abduljabbar Oct 2014

Dimensional Comparison Theory: An Extension Of The Internal/External Frame Of Reference Effect On Academic Self-Concept Formation [Accepted Manuscript], Herbert W. Marsh, Hans Kuyper, Marjorie Seaton, Philip D. Parker, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Jens Moller, Adel S. Abduljabbar

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

In a comprehensive study (15,356 Dutch 9th grade students from 651 classes in 95 schools) we empirically tested the dimensional comparison theory (DCT) propositions formulated by Möller & Marsh (2013) as an extension of I/E theory, exploring methodological, theoretical, and substantive insights. According to DCT, academic self-concepts (ASC) are formed in relation to dimensional comparisons in different school subjects, as well as to social and temporal comparisons. In support of DCT predictions, paths from achievement to ASC in matching domains were substantially positive, but paths to non-matching domains (e.g., math achievement to verbal self-concept) were significantly negative. Extending ...


Functional And Self-Rated Health Mediate The Association Between Diabetes And Depression, Christian Geiser, Sylvia Boehme, Babette Renneberg Sep 2014

Functional And Self-Rated Health Mediate The Association Between Diabetes And Depression, Christian Geiser, Sylvia Boehme, Babette Renneberg

Psychology Faculty Publications

Depression is common among persons with diabetes and associated with adverse health outcomes. To date, little is known about the causal mechanisms that lead to depression in diabetes. The aim of the present study was to examine to which extent functional and self-rated health mediate the association between physical health and depressive symptoms in diabetes. Data of n = 3222 individuals with type 2 diabetes were analyzed cross-sectionally and longitudinally at three measurement occasions using path analysis. Indicators of physical health were glycemic control, number of comorbid somatic diseases, BMI, and insulin dependence. Furthermore, functional health, self-rated health and depressive symptoms ...


Strategies For Developing A Sustainable Learning Society: An Analysis Of Lifelong Learning In Thailand, John A. Henschke Edd Sep 2014

Strategies For Developing A Sustainable Learning Society: An Analysis Of Lifelong Learning In Thailand, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

Today's world may be characterized as the dawn of the new millennium of the learning society, where knowledge is considered as a country's most valued asset and primary source of power. In the increasingly intense competition among international communities, Thailand has been respected for advancing the concept of transforming communities, cities and regions into learning societies engaged in a sustainable development strategy which promotes the continual learning of individuals - the smallest unit of society. The learning society approach aims to balance economic, social, natural and environment aspects and resources of society; and is transforming the Thai people into ...


Review Of Michel Anteby, Manufacturing Morals: The Values Of Silence In Business School Education, Nicolas Cornell Sep 2014

Review Of Michel Anteby, Manufacturing Morals: The Values Of Silence In Business School Education, Nicolas Cornell

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

How can we teach people to be moral? It is a difficult, deep, and terribly important question. Michel Anteby's Manufacturing Morals aims to make a contribution to answering that question by studying the inner workings of Harvard Business School (HBS).


Is Adding More Indicators To A Latent Class Analysis Beneficial Or Detrimental? Results Of A Monte Carlo Study, Christian Geiser, Ingrid C. Wurpts Aug 2014

Is Adding More Indicators To A Latent Class Analysis Beneficial Or Detrimental? Results Of A Monte Carlo Study, Christian Geiser, Ingrid C. Wurpts

Psychology Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to examine in which way adding more indicators or a covariate influences the performance of latent class analysis (LCA). We varied the sample size (100 ≤ N ≤ 2000), number, and quality of binary indicators (between 4 and 12 indicators with conditional response probabilities of [0.3, 0.7], [0.2, 0.8], or [0.1, 0.9]), and the strength of covariate effects (zero, small, medium, large) in a Monte Carlo simulation study of 2- and 3-class models. The results suggested that in general, a larger sample size, more indicators, a higher quality of indicators ...


Adapting Practices Of Science Journalism To Foster Science Literacy, Joseph L. Polman, Alan Newman, E. Wendy Saul, Cathy Farrar Aug 2014

Adapting Practices Of Science Journalism To Foster Science Literacy, Joseph L. Polman, Alan Newman, E. Wendy Saul, Cathy Farrar

School of Education Faculty Contributions

In this paper, the authors describe how the practices of expert science journalists enable them to act as "competent outsiders" to science. We assert that selected science journalism practices can be used to design reform-based science instruction; these practices not only foster science literacy that is useful in daily life, but also complement practices of scientists that already have been incorporated into science education. We describe and illustrate science journalism practices for educational activities that can be adapted and used. We argue that such experiences enable students to better use science information for personal decision-making and help them contribute meaningfully ...


A Novel Calling Intervention For Career Development And Well-Being, Susanna Wu-Pong Aug 2014

A Novel Calling Intervention For Career Development And Well-Being, Susanna Wu-Pong

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Callings describe work that serves a cause greater than oneself and provides meaning and purpose in life. Living a calling at work has been linked with a number of positive outcomes including well-being, intrinsic motivation, and life satisfaction. In this capstone, I describe a career and professional development class at a major university designed to help professional, graduate and postdoctoral students, predominantly in biomedical disciplines, find more meaning and purpose through callings. The class incorporates classic career counseling concepts with a calling framework that includes self-awareness, authentic purpose, and strengths. This capstone provides an overview of the course and a ...


An Investigation Of The Soar Study Strategy For Learning From Multiple Online Resources, Tareq Daher Aug 2014

An Investigation Of The Soar Study Strategy For Learning From Multiple Online Resources, Tareq Daher

Theses, Student Research, and Creative Activity: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

This dissertation investigated the effects of the SOAR study strategy for learning from multiple online resources. SOAR includes the components of Selection, Organization, Association, and Regulation. In past research, the effects of SOAR training were investigated with one online resource and with students studying provided or partially provided materials following training. This dissertation examines the effects of SOAR when learning from multiple online resources and when students create their own study materials following training and thus addresses this research gap. One hundred thirty-four (134) college students were assigned randomly to the control or experimental groups. All students participated in online ...


Toward A More Perfect Definition Of Learning: Using Biomarkers To Predict And Assess Learning Performance, Samuel J. Hunt Aug 2014

Toward A More Perfect Definition Of Learning: Using Biomarkers To Predict And Assess Learning Performance, Samuel J. Hunt

Dissertations

This study seeks to establish groundwork for a new definition of learning based on neurogenesis capable of guiding future educational policy and practice. The purpose of the research was to: (1) produce separate increases in neurogenesis and intelligence, (2) measure the changes in neurogenesis using protein biomarkers, and (3) correlate increases in levels of the protein biomarkers with increases in intelligence. The study employed a randomized pretest-posttest, control/comparison group research design. Thirty-eight fourth- and fifth-grade students with diverse academic needs were divided into three experimental groups: chess, exercise, and combined; with an additional control group. Pre-post measures included intelligence ...


Magic At The Movies: Positive Psychology For Children, Adolescents And Families, Linda Jones Rufer Md Aug 2014

Magic At The Movies: Positive Psychology For Children, Adolescents And Families, Linda Jones Rufer Md

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Children learn in part from what they see and hear, whether modeling parents’ or peers’ behavior, reading books, or viewing movies. Parents and their children share the same and often unspoken goal—to live “the good life”—in a state of well-being. Character strengths are foundational to well-being, and movies are a rich source with which to build character strengths and hence flourishing. However, even though movies are considered efficacious (and more rigorous studies are needed), there are minimal resources for parents on how to use this powerful tool with their children and teenagers. Movies are presented here as an ...


Teaching Beautiful Questions: Using Literature To Teach Youth Appreciative Inquiry (Ai), Shira R. Reicher Aug 2014

Teaching Beautiful Questions: Using Literature To Teach Youth Appreciative Inquiry (Ai), Shira R. Reicher

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Learning to ask the right questions and being empowered to dream is essential to 21st century education. In an effort to create innovative citizens who are able to compete in our increasingly diverse and competitive world, youth can be taught how to discover and build on successful aspects of the past, dream creatively about the future, ask positive questions to design plans, and deliver action. These four components, discovering, dreaming, designing, and delivering, are the mainstays of Appreciative Inquiry (AI), a positive approach to organizational development. In recent years, AI has been increasingly utilized with youth. Teaching AI facilitates ...


Test-Retest Reliability Of Curriculum-Based Measurement Written Expression Probes, Mallory Hart Aug 2014

Test-Retest Reliability Of Curriculum-Based Measurement Written Expression Probes, Mallory Hart

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Despite the growing popularity and utilization of Curriculum-Based Measurement for assessing students’ academic skills and for progress monitoring, little attention has been devoted to the area of written expression. Very few studies have been conducted to assess test-retest reliability. Only three previous studies were identified that examined the test-retest reliability of written expression curriculum-based measures. To address this issue, the current study examined the test-retest reliability of five common scoring procedures with students in grades 2, 4, and 6. A one-week time interval was used. Results indicated that while test-retest correlations were statistically significant and often at a moderate to ...


Foundations For Literacy: An Early Literacy Intervention For Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Children, Amy R. Lederberg, Elizabeth M. Miller, Susan R. Eaterbrooks, Carol Mcdonald Connor Jul 2014

Foundations For Literacy: An Early Literacy Intervention For Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Children, Amy R. Lederberg, Elizabeth M. Miller, Susan R. Eaterbrooks, Carol Mcdonald Connor

Educational Psychology and Special Education Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of Safety By On-Campus Location, Rurality, And Type Of Security/Police Force: The Case Of The Community College, Robert C. Patton, Dennis E. Gregory Jul 2014

Perceptions Of Safety By On-Campus Location, Rurality, And Type Of Security/Police Force: The Case Of The Community College, Robert C. Patton, Dennis E. Gregory

Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications

This study examined Virginia community college students' perceptions of campus safety. A survey of 11,161 students revealed the crimes students most feared being a victim of while on the community college campus and the areas in which they felt the most and least safe. The research also demonstrated the effect of certain variables had on students' overall perception of campus safety. The variables studied included student demographics, the presence and type of security personnel, and the rurality of the campus setting. The campuses with the highest and lowest degrees of perceived safety were then further studied via case studies ...