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Educational Psychology

2004

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

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Full-Text Articles in Education

From Inference To Reasoning: The Construction Of Rationality, David Moshman Dec 2004

From Inference To Reasoning: The Construction Of Rationality, David Moshman

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Inference is elementary and ubiquitous: Cognition always goes beyond the data. Thinking—including problem solving, decision making, judgment, planning, and argumentation—is here defined as the deliberate application and coordination of one’s inferences to serve one’s purposes. Reasoning, in turn, is epistemologically self-constrained thinking in which the application and coordination of inferences is guided by a metacognitive commitment to what are deemed to be justifiable inferential norms. The construction of rationality, in this view, involves increasing consciousness and control of logical and other inferences. This metacognitive conception of rationality begins with logic rather than ending with it, and ...


Consultation With School Personnel, Susan M. Sheridan, Richard J. Cowan Nov 2004

Consultation With School Personnel, Susan M. Sheridan, Richard J. Cowan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Consultation services in school settings is gaining increased recognition in research, training and practice, and is expanding to include a variety of related professionals as consultants (e.g., special educators, counseling psychologists, community psychologists, speech pathologists; Gutkin & Curtis, 1999). There also appears to be a trend in increased consultation between medical professionals (e.g., general physicians, pediatricians, psychiatrists) and school personnel. Whereas the term consultation may have broad meanings across educational, medical, and psychological practice, one common feature is that consultation generally consists of two or more people working together to address concerns regarding a third-party client (Sheridan & Kratochwill, 1991). As applied to school settings, consultation is defined as collaborative problem-solving between a professional consultant (e.g., psychologist, medical expert) and one or more persons (or consultees; e.g., parents, educators) who are responsible for providing some form of educational and/or psychological assistance to a child-client (adapted from Medway, 1979). This definition represents consultation as conceptualized in this chapter. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce school-based consultation as a viable feature of pediatric and psychological services. The salient features of consultation will be presented, including theoretical foundations ...


Psychology In The Schools, School Psychology Review, School Psychology Quarterly And Journal Of Educational And Psychological Consultation Editors Collaborate To Chart School Psychology’S Past, Present, And “Futures”, Rik Carl D'Amato, Susan M. Sheridan, Leadelle Phelps, Emilia C. Lopez Nov 2004

Psychology In The Schools, School Psychology Review, School Psychology Quarterly And Journal Of Educational And Psychological Consultation Editors Collaborate To Chart School Psychology’S Past, Present, And “Futures”, Rik Carl D'Amato, Susan M. Sheridan, Leadelle Phelps, Emilia C. Lopez

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

For the first time in the history of school psychology, four editors of journals with a school psychology readership are collaborating to offer our field extensive coverage of the recently held School Psychology Futures conference and to continue discussion on a variety of topics relevant to the professional practice of school psychology. This introduction briefly describes the special journal issues that will be or have been offered in Psychology in the Schools (PITS), School Psychology Review (SPR), School Psychology Quarterly (SPQ), and Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation (JEPC)on topics related to the conference. This information is provided in ...


Home-School Collaboration, Richard J. Cowan, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Susan M. Sheridan Sep 2004

Home-School Collaboration, Richard J. Cowan, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Susan M. Sheridan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Home-school collaboration is a reciprocal dynamic process that occurs between at least one parent (or guardian) and at least one individual within the school system (e.g., educators, administrators, psychologists) who share in decision making regarding mutually determined goals and solutions related to a student for whom all parties share interest and responsibility. Home-school collaboration may occur at three levels: system (i.e., between the home and school settings), school/classroom, and individual. With all participants (e.g., parents, educators) offering their unique roles and contributions, the collaboration process is guided by the primary emphasis on mutually determined academic and ...


Home-School Collaboration And Bullying: An Ecological Approach To Increase Social Competence In Children And Youth, Susan M. Sheridan, Emily D. Warnes, Shannon Dowd May 2004

Home-School Collaboration And Bullying: An Ecological Approach To Increase Social Competence In Children And Youth, Susan M. Sheridan, Emily D. Warnes, Shannon Dowd

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Bullying and other forms of violence among children and youth is a prevalent concern among educators, psychologists, and families alike. Families and schools represent the primary systems in children's lives, and schools and homes are their primary learning contexts. These ecological contexts provide important frameworks within which development occurs. Healthy development occurs most seamlessly when there are congruent and consistent messages delivered across contexts, and healthy and constructive relationships among them. The development of meaningful partnerships among these systems on behalf of children and youth is particularly important to produce positive, lasting outcomes. Thus, an optimal focus for interventions ...


Family-Centered Positive Psychology: Focusing On Strengths To Build Student Success, Susan M. Sheridan, Emily D. Warnes, Richard J. Cowan, Ariadne V. Schemm, Brandy L. Clarke May 2004

Family-Centered Positive Psychology: Focusing On Strengths To Build Student Success, Susan M. Sheridan, Emily D. Warnes, Richard J. Cowan, Ariadne V. Schemm, Brandy L. Clarke

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Family-centered positive psychology (FCPP) is defined as a framework for working with children and families that promotes strengths and capacity building within individuals and systems, rather than one focusing solely on the resolution of problems or remediation of deficiencies. This approach to family-based services is predicated on the belief that child and family outcomes will be enhanced if members participate in identifying needs, establishing social supports and partnerships, and acquiring new skills and competencies, rather than simply receiving services from professionals. In this article, we present a rationale for FCPP, outline its primary principles, highlight one model for working with ...


Perceptions Of Helpfulness In Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: Congruence And Agreement Between Teachers And Parents, Susan M. Sheridan, William P. Erchul, Melissa S. Brown, Shannon E. Dowd, Emily D. Warnes, Diane C. Marti, Ariadne V. Schemm, John W. Eagle Apr 2004

Perceptions Of Helpfulness In Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: Congruence And Agreement Between Teachers And Parents, Susan M. Sheridan, William P. Erchul, Melissa S. Brown, Shannon E. Dowd, Emily D. Warnes, Diane C. Marti, Ariadne V. Schemm, John W. Eagle

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Conjoint behavioral consultation (CBC) can be considered a help-giving model, wherein consultants work with parents and teachers in an effort to develop constructive partnerships aimed at addressing needs of students for whom both parties share responsibility. The development of strong relationships among systems in a child’s life is related to positive outcomes for children, and congruence among systems is one relationship variable that has received previous research attention. This study examined the degree to which parent and teacher perceptions of the helpfulness of the CBC consultant are congruent, and its relationship with various case outcomes. Correlational analyses suggest that ...


Globalisation And Alcohol, Ian Newman Apr 2004

Globalisation And Alcohol, Ian Newman

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Alcohol has been a global beverage for centuries. It is the best known and most widely used psychoactive drug. It occurs in nature without human assistance. It is one form of the four universal beverages -- water. milk, fruit/plant juices (which may be fermented), and blood. Alcohol is consumed in almost all societies of the world and all societies acknowledge, either directly or indirectly. its good and its bad affects. Despite the universality of alcohol and more than 5000 years of recorded experience, alcohol and its problems continue to challenge governments. businesses, communities, and families. Over time each society developed ...


Alcohol Expectancies Among High School Students In China, Duane F. Shell, Ian Newman, Ming Qu Mar 2004

Alcohol Expectancies Among High School Students In China, Duane F. Shell, Ian Newman, Ming Qu

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Objective: There is little systematic information on the patterns of Chinese adolescents' alcohol expectancies and the influence of expectancies on drinking behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine Chinese high school students' alcohol expectancies and gender and drinking status (non-drinker, occasional drinker, regular drinker) differences in expectancies.

Method: We administered the Chinese Adolescent Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (CAEQ) to a convenience sample of 1244 high school students (M = 627; F = 617) from schools in Huhhot City, Chayouhou Qi, and Tongliao City in Inner Mongolia, China.
Results: We identified eight expectancy factors: three negative (general negative consequences, harm to person ...


Hope And Guidance For Parents Of Children With Ocd: A Review Of Freeing Your Child From Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder [Book Review Section], Richard J. Cowan, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Jan 2004

Hope And Guidance For Parents Of Children With Ocd: A Review Of Freeing Your Child From Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder [Book Review Section], Richard J. Cowan, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

A favorable review of Freeing Your Child from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder by T.E. Chansky (Crown Publishers, 2004). From the review: "Closely following March and Mulle's (1998) treatment protocol, this book is guided by the philosophy that an individual with OCD must “boss back” symptoms in order to break the symptom cycle. With this approach OCD is objectified (and externalized) as a “brain bully” or enemy that can be overcome with knowledge, determination, and support. Separating the child from his/her OCD symptoms is an effective, concrete technique that children and adolescents will readily comprehend. Such a tactic reminds parents ...