Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Educational Psychology

2003

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 83

Full-Text Articles in Education

Design And Development Of The Self-Efficacy For Musical Studies Scale, Kathryn Rae Pearson Dec 2003

Design And Development Of The Self-Efficacy For Musical Studies Scale, Kathryn Rae Pearson

Theses and Dissertations

Scale development in psychological studies is an area of intense growth (Clark & Watson, 1995). This report builds upon academic interest in the value of producing viable measurement tools. The purpose of this research project was to evaluate a self-efficacy measurement scale intended to determine individual music students' perceptions of capability. The areas of interest were four self-regulatory skill domains: strategy use, planning, monitoring, and evaluating in two music environments: independent practicing and performance.

This report describes the development and analysis of the Self-efficacy for Musical Studies (SEMS) scale. The report includes statistical analysis of the response data from formative evaluation ...


Progress In Reducing Tobacco Use Across Nebraska, Jeff Willett, Ian Newman, Cheryl Wiese, Seth Emont, Tandiwe Njobe, Peter Finn Dec 2003

Progress In Reducing Tobacco Use Across Nebraska, Jeff Willett, Ian Newman, Cheryl Wiese, Seth Emont, Tandiwe Njobe, Peter Finn

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, causing over 400,000 deaths annually. In Nebraska each year, 2,400 adults die prematurely because of cigarette smoking. It is estimated that 45,000 Nebraskans now under the age of 18 will eventually die prematurely from cigarette smoking. Cigarette smoking is responsible for $419 million of Nebraska's annual health care costs (representing approximately 7 percent of the state's annual health care costs, including 12 percent of Nebraska's annual Medicaid expenditures), and smoking-related mortality results in over $400 million in forgone future earnings in ...


Praise And Its Effects On Trust, Help-Seeking Behavior, And Self-Perception Of Students With Disabilities, Regina L. Rice Nov 2003

Praise And Its Effects On Trust, Help-Seeking Behavior, And Self-Perception Of Students With Disabilities, Regina L. Rice

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The purpose of this investigation was to examine praise and its effects on help-seeking behavior, trust, and self-perception as well as how different age groups respond to praise. the participants were 11 female students with disabilities and low achievers ranging in ages from 12-17 and up chosen through convenience sampling. Praise as a specific intervention was examined using a self-developed, Likert- type, 16 item questionnaire. The data were analyzed using Pearson 'r'. No significant relationship was found between praise and help-seeking (r=.36, P> .05) or praise and self-perception (r=36, p> .05). However, a significant relationship was found between ...


Parent Involvement And Reading: Using Curriculum-Based Measurement To Assess The Effects Of Paired Reading, Cathy L. Fiala, Susan M. Sheridan Nov 2003

Parent Involvement And Reading: Using Curriculum-Based Measurement To Assess The Effects Of Paired Reading, Cathy L. Fiala, Susan M. Sheridan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

This study examined the effectiveness of a paired reading intervention using curriculum-based measurement (CBM) probes to document reading progress for one fourth-and two third-grade students. These students were considered below-average readers. Parents and children used the paired reading method in their homes for 10 minutes, four times a week. Children and parents were also provided with reading material at their instructional level. Results showed that the children’s reading accuracy and rates increased from baseline to follow-up on CBM measures and on pre/posttesting. In addition, students and parents gave favorable treatment acceptability ratings for paired reading. Implications for future ...


Situated Learning, Distributed Cognition: Do Academics Really Need To Know?, Anne Murphy Nov 2003

Situated Learning, Distributed Cognition: Do Academics Really Need To Know?, Anne Murphy

Articles

The dominant approach to the study of learning throughout most of the twentieth century was to view learning as cognitive only, as if it were a process contained in the mind of the learner, decontextualised from the lived-in world


Building A Direct Marketing Bridge To High Achieving Students: Introducing A Cost Effective Financial Aid Leveraging Model, Oscar T. Mcknight, Ronald Paugh Oct 2003

Building A Direct Marketing Bridge To High Achieving Students: Introducing A Cost Effective Financial Aid Leveraging Model, Oscar T. Mcknight, Ronald Paugh

Oscar T McKnight Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Education Chronicle Issue 1 Number 2, Touro College School Of Education And Psychology Graduate Division Oct 2003

Education Chronicle Issue 1 Number 2, Touro College School Of Education And Psychology Graduate Division

Yearbooks and Newsletters

No abstract provided.


A Qualitative Study Of Adult Women In A Northeast Tennessee Community College., Fay C. Mcmillan Aug 2003

A Qualitative Study Of Adult Women In A Northeast Tennessee Community College., Fay C. Mcmillan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the motivations and characteristics of returning female students ages 23-50 and to investigate the implications for the community college. Participants in the study were 30 female students ages 23-50, selected from required classes in math and English in a community college in Northeast Tennessee. The participants volunteered to participate in this study. Responses were grouped in three major categories: motivation, characteristics, and implications for the community college. The responses were then analyzed and compared with the information from the literature review.

Findings suggested that job-related reasons motivated students to return to college ...


A Study Of The Perceptions Of Female Displaced Workers In A Community College Regarding Their Educational Expectations And Barriers To Their Achievement., Pashia H. Hogan Aug 2003

A Study Of The Perceptions Of Female Displaced Workers In A Community College Regarding Their Educational Expectations And Barriers To Their Achievement., Pashia H. Hogan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Adult women enter or reenter college for a variety of reasons, one of which is because of the loss of a job and the need to retrain for reentry into the workforce. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate the actual experiences of female displaced workers entering community college, as compared with their initial expectations as adult learners. Data were collected through interviews with 23 displaced workers age 25 or older who were either enrolled in or had graduated from an associate of applied science degree program at Northeast State Technical Community.

Interview transcripts were analyzed using Glaser ...


Journaling As A Tool To Improve Story Comprehension For Kindergarten Students., Carisa L. Carr Aug 2003

Journaling As A Tool To Improve Story Comprehension For Kindergarten Students., Carisa L. Carr

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated story journaling to enhance story comprehension. Eighteen kindergarten children participated in this six-week study with the teacher reading a total of twenty-four stories to the class. The class was randomly divided into Group A and Group B, with 3 focus participants from each group retelling the story. The retelling was audio taped and analyzed using Morrow's (2001) procedures. Group B experienced the intervention of story journaling on the third week of the study and showed an improvement in story comprehension during the fifth and sixth weeks of story journaling. Group A did not experience the intervention ...


The Rise And Fall Of Programmed Instruction: Informing Instructional Technologists Through A Study Of The Past, Jason K. Mcdonald Aug 2003

The Rise And Fall Of Programmed Instruction: Informing Instructional Technologists Through A Study Of The Past, Jason K. Mcdonald

Theses and Dissertations

Instructional technologists have recently been called upon to examine the assumptions they hold about teaching and learning, and to consider how those assumptions can affect their practice of the discipline. This thesis is an examination of how the assumptions instructional technologists hold can result in instructional materials that do not accomplish the original goals the developers set out to achieve. I explored this issue by examining the case study of programmed instruction, an educational movement from the mid-20th century that promised to revolutionize education but never lived up to its potential. Programmed instruction was heavily influenced by the assumptions of ...


Reducing Learning Object Inspection/Evaluation Costs In Instructional Design, Larry Lynn Seawright Jul 2003

Reducing Learning Object Inspection/Evaluation Costs In Instructional Design, Larry Lynn Seawright

Theses and Dissertations

A widely employed instructional design approach, the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation) model, has been one of the most popular and well documented instructional design models (Wilson, Jonassen, and Cole, 1993) for decades. Despite its widespread use, Thiagarajan, a leading instructional technologist, asserts that ADDIE, as an instructional design approach, is comparable to an outdated 1950's manufacturing model (Zemke, 2002). Since the 1950's, manufacturing has evolved, focusing initially on reducing inspection or evaluation costs and later on shifting these cost improvements throughout the organization. Just as manufacturing models and their application have evolved, service operations models such ...


Intellectual Freedom, David Moshman Jul 2003

Intellectual Freedom, David Moshman

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Intellectual development, the development of the intellect, is the emergence of increasingly sophisticated forms or levels of cognition, the progress of understanding, reasoning, and rationality. We can describe the outcomes of intellectual development by specifying steps, stages, or levels of development for cognition as a whole and/or for various cognitive domains. Fundamentally, however, intellectual development is an ongoing process of reflection, coordination, and social interaction that begins in early childhood and continues, at least in some cases, long into adulthood.
Liberal education, however defined, includes the promotion of intellectual development as a primary goal. There may be specific facts ...


A Latter-Day Saint Perspective On Evaluation, Courtney Miriam Glenn Peck Jul 2003

A Latter-Day Saint Perspective On Evaluation, Courtney Miriam Glenn Peck

Theses and Dissertations

Evaluation scholars argue that evaluation as a discipline has traditionally rested on the assumption that knowledge should and can be evaluated objectively. As a result, evaluation has focused too much on techniques and methods, becoming paramountly an objective and technical enterprise that disregards any personal or moral responsibility that evaluators have.

How would a Latter-day Saint perspective of evaluation reframe evaluation as a moral rather than technical enterprise? The doctrine of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints provides powerful insights for evaluation that place moral responsibility in the forefront of evaluation. Knowledge in an LDS perspective is not ...


Investigating The Acceptability Of Behavioral Interventions In Applied Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: Moving From Analog Conditions To Naturalistic Settings, Richard J. Cowan, Susan M. Sheridan Jun 2003

Investigating The Acceptability Of Behavioral Interventions In Applied Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: Moving From Analog Conditions To Naturalistic Settings, Richard J. Cowan, Susan M. Sheridan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Whereas there exists a vast literature investigating consumer satisfaction ratings of various behavioral interventions, the majority of these studies have been limited to analogue conditions, which may compromise utility and generalization. Additionally, most research has failed to explore multiple-source, multiple-setting data in the investigation of treatment acceptability. This study investigated parent, teacher, and child treatment acceptability ratings derived from field-based conjoint behavioral consultation cases. Data indicate that overall, parents, teachers, and children rated conjoint behavioral consultation–based behavioral interventions as very to highly acceptable. For parents, interventions with a reductive component were rated as more acceptable than interventions using both ...


Repetition Of Retention Practices: Does Retention Improve Academic Achievement?, Brenda Demar-Williams Jun 2003

Repetition Of Retention Practices: Does Retention Improve Academic Achievement?, Brenda Demar-Williams

College of Education Theses and Dissertations

In 1996, the Chicago Board of Education adopted a new promotion policy to address the issue of low academic achievement and to hold schools accountable for the progress of its students. This policy led to many students being retained in grade, some are retained multiple times. Retention was supposed to offer remediation and bring students up to grade level criteria. This has not happened. Thus, the major purpose of this study was to determine if retention had a statistically significant effect on the reading and mathematics achievement scores of third grade students as measured by the Iowa Test of Basic ...


B.A.B.E.S. Implementation And Its Relationship To Locus Of Control And Self-Concept, Dana M. Collins May 2003

B.A.B.E.S. Implementation And Its Relationship To Locus Of Control And Self-Concept, Dana M. Collins

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the administration of the B.A.B.E.S. Program and locus of control as well as awareness of self-concept of 2nd grade students. A total of 161 students were given pre- and post-tests composed of questions geared to understand each child's locus of control and awareness of self-concept before and after the implementation of the B.A.B.E.S. Program. A paired-samples t-test was administered to determine the correlation between the pre-test scores and the post-test scores. Analysis determined that the administration of the B ...


The Relationship Between Parental Anxiety, Depression And Distress And Their Child's Social Competency, Behavior And Emotional Regulation In A Children's Partial Hospital Program, Melisa Maria Laspada May 2003

The Relationship Between Parental Anxiety, Depression And Distress And Their Child's Social Competency, Behavior And Emotional Regulation In A Children's Partial Hospital Program, Melisa Maria Laspada

Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect female caretaker psychopathology had on their child's treatment gains in the Children's Intensive Emotional Behavioral Day Program of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. The sample consisted of 31 children and 31 female caretakers. The female caretakers' symptoms of psychopathology were measured by using the SCL-90-R Checklist and the children's behaviors were measured by using the Conners' Teacher Rating Scale. The results of this study were termed important since the number of children with behavioral and emotional problems is increasing and the treatment being provided seems to be lacking. It was hoped ...


Public School Counselors' Attitudes To Suicide/Suicide Intervention, Robert S. Felloney May 2003

Public School Counselors' Attitudes To Suicide/Suicide Intervention, Robert S. Felloney

Theses and Dissertations

Most of the research on suicide/suicide intervention has focused upon client characteristics and attitudes. Little research, especially in the school setting, has been done on counselor characteristics and attitudes as key variables in these situations. This study was done, at least partially, to help overcome the lack of research in this critical area. This study involved fifteen school counselors (school psychologists and school social workers) who were selected nonrandomly. Based upon interviews, a key finding was that school counselors who prioritize the role of suicide intervention and were more comfortable in doing this, perceived themselves as being more successful ...


Relationships Among Relational Communication Processes And Perceptions Of Outcomes In Conjoint Behavioral Consultation, Priscilla F. Grissom, William P. Erchul, Susan M. Sheridan May 2003

Relationships Among Relational Communication Processes And Perceptions Of Outcomes In Conjoint Behavioral Consultation, Priscilla F. Grissom, William P. Erchul, Susan M. Sheridan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Conjoint behavioral consultation (CBC), an extension of behavioral consultation, considers home and school settings when conceptualizing a student's difficulty (Sheridan, Kratochwill, & Bergan, 1996). A relational communication perspective was adopted to examine interpersonal control (i.e., attempts to influence and successfully influence) and its relationship to CBC outcomes. Consultant, teacher, and parent influence was measured in 20 CBC initial interviews using the Family Relational Communication Control Coding System (Heatherington & Friedlander, 1987), and outcomes were assessed regarding the acceptability/effectiveness of CBC, consultant effectiveness, and attainment of consultation goals. Results indicated that parental influence is associated with less favorable teacher ratings ...


Teachers' Attitudes Towards Inclusion, Dawn Giacchi May 2003

Teachers' Attitudes Towards Inclusion, Dawn Giacchi

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to identify teachers' attitudes towards inclusion and factors that may affect their attitudes. The factors that were evaluated were: grade level taught, number of students in class, type of school, experience with special needs children, success with special needs children, administrative support, additional support services, level of education and years in the profession. Teachers in grades Kindergarten to twelfth (n=33) completed the "Survey of Teachers' Opinions Relative to Mainstreaming Special Needs Children." A correlation on the data showed that administrative support was significantly correlated with teachers' against inclusion score. Higher levels of administrative ...


Relationship Of Family Involvement And Functioning Among Mentally Ill Adults, Sharon A. Sabatino May 2003

Relationship Of Family Involvement And Functioning Among Mentally Ill Adults, Sharon A. Sabatino

Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of the present study were to find a relationship between family/caregiver involvement in treatment of mentally ill adults that they care for and clients' overall Axis IV and V assessments. Support and education groups were held at Family Service in New Jersey over a six-month period. The population (n=12) came from the Hattie Tallie program at Family Service. These clients and their family members/social supports and caregivers attended meetings for six months to gain education and to support each other in dealing with clients' treatment. Global Assessment of Functioning scores (Axis V) and Severity of ...


The Impact Of A Residential Substance Abuse Treatment For Women, Loretta Lemon May 2003

The Impact Of A Residential Substance Abuse Treatment For Women, Loretta Lemon

Theses and Dissertations

During the early development of the twelve-step program, it was an effort to help middle class older white males that abuse alcohol. Since the 1930's the twelve-steps have been used to treat women and men from all different backgrounds that have experimented with a variety of drugs. The purposes of this research were to evaluate the effectiveness of a twelve-step program using the scores from each woman's Symptom Checklist-90-R and to review current literature on twelve-step programs and their effectiveness with the female populations.

The Symptom Checklist-90-R was designed to help screen for a range of psychological problems ...


The Social Construction Of Academic Success Of Learning Disabled College Students, Robin D. Waltman May 2003

The Social Construction Of Academic Success Of Learning Disabled College Students, Robin D. Waltman

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the challenges faced by college students with learning disabilities from their own perspective. Interviews were conducted with four first-year students with learning disabilities and five sophomore, junior, and senior students with learning disabilities. The subjects attended Rowan University in Glassboro, New Jersey. The subjects were varied in race, socioeconomic backgrounds, and majors. They all attended college full-time. Qualitative data analysis was performed in order to construct thematic categories from recurring patterns. It was found that college students with learning disabilities have difficulties in college that are unique. They not only have academic ...


Bullying And Self-Esteem, Julie Boyle May 2003

Bullying And Self-Esteem, Julie Boyle

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between the amount of bullying a victim endures and levels of self-esteem of those victims. The sample was made up of of 124 students, 68 male and 56 female, attending a large middle school in a middle-class neighborhood in Southern New Jersey. All of the students were seventh (n= 52) and eighth (n= 72) graders enrolled in a Life Skills class in which issues regarding bullying were discussed. The Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire was used to assess bullying activity at the school and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was used ...


A Research Study Of School Uniforms On Academic Achievement, Attendance, And Behavior Referrals In Third, Fourth, Fifth, And Sixth Grade Students, Jennifer Gonnella May 2003

A Research Study Of School Uniforms On Academic Achievement, Attendance, And Behavior Referrals In Third, Fourth, Fifth, And Sixth Grade Students, Jennifer Gonnella

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effect of school uniforms on academic achievement, attendance, and behavioral referrals in third, fourth, fifth, and sixth grade students in School Uniform Elementary School, a pre-kindergarten through eighth grade school located in a small, rural community in Southern New Jersey. Academic achievement was recorded for fifth and sixth grade students using the National Percentile Rank on the Terra Novas (n=63). Attendance was recorded for third, fourth, fifth, and sixth grade students by counting the number of days absent (n = 117). The number of written discipline referrals were recorded for students in third, fourth, fifth, and ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Grade Retention Has On Students' Academic Performance, Tyree Gunter May 2003

An Investigation Of The Effects Grade Retention Has On Students' Academic Performance, Tyree Gunter

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to examine if grade retention has a positive effect on a child's academic performance, and if females, whether retained or not, improved more academically than males. Language/literacy and mathematics cumulative grades of 58 students in the second and third grade were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The results indicated that students who were retained improved more in academic performance than students who were low-achievers but promoted instead and those placed in a transition class. In addition the findings showed that males, whether retained or not, had higher mathematical scores than females, but ...


The Competitive Female Skater: What Motivates Her?, Jennifer L. Pfeffer May 2003

The Competitive Female Skater: What Motivates Her?, Jennifer L. Pfeffer

Theses and Dissertations

The present study explored motivational orientation of 12 females (age 9 - 18) who participated in figure skating. The hypothesis used was that competitive skaters, with more demands on their time and finances, would more often exhibit an avoidance of failure motivation when participating in sport. This hypothesis was chosen to address the high burnout rates that are exhibited by child athletes at the elite level.

To determine the results of the study, skaters were administered the Achievement Motivations Scale for Sporting Environments developed by Brent Rushall and Randy Fox in 2000. The scale asked 28 questions to which four response ...


Self-Esteem Levels Of Adolescents With Learning Disabilities Or Mental Retardation In Inclusive Or Non-Inclusive Educational Settings, Kay L. Delp May 2003

Self-Esteem Levels Of Adolescents With Learning Disabilities Or Mental Retardation In Inclusive Or Non-Inclusive Educational Settings, Kay L. Delp

Theses and Dissertations

This investigation compared the global, personal, and social self-esteem levels of adolescents with learning disabilities or mild-to-moderate mental retardation. The purpose was to determine differences between the adolescents based on their disability, educational setting of inclusion or non-inclusion, and by gender. The sample of this study included nine females and 22 males between the ages of 13 and 21 years who lived in southern New Jersey.

Students were given the Culture Free Self-Esteem Inventories-Third Edition, a 67 item self-report, norm-referenced instrument. Mean scores for each group were compared and analyzed by using a one-way ANOVA, a two-way ANOVA, and descriptive ...


Socioeconomic Status And Locus Of Control, Allegra Nicole Esposito May 2003

Socioeconomic Status And Locus Of Control, Allegra Nicole Esposito

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine a possible relationship between locus of control and socioeconomic status. Past studies have shown that children of higher socioeconomic status have a more internal outlook on life, and children of lower socioeconomic status have a more external outlook. Two groups of fourth graders containing both males and females were involved in the study. One group (n=20) were from a school located in a high socioeconomic area, and the other group (n=40) were from a school located in a lower socioeconomic area. Both groups were given The Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control ...