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Educational Psychology

2000

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Education

Using The Mystery Motivator To Improve Child Bedtime Compliance, Kristin E. Robison, Susan M. Sheridan Nov 2000

Using The Mystery Motivator To Improve Child Bedtime Compliance, Kristin E. Robison, Susan M. Sheridan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Child bedtime problems are commonly reported by parents. A number of behavioral techniques, including extinction of tantrum behaviors, reinforcement of compliant bedtime, and implementation of consistent bedtime routines have been successful in improving bedtime compliance. The present study examined the effects of the "Mystery Motivator" (MM), a behavioral contract designed to remediate bedtime problems by delivering random reinforcement. Emphasis was placed on the optimal use of clinical intervention by enlisting parents as primary change agents in the home setting. Three adults and their four children, aged 3-5 years, participated. Three of the four children showed substantial changes in both time ...


School Consultation, Susan M. Sheridan, Jaqui R. Richards, Tracine Y. Smoot Sep 2000

School Consultation, Susan M. Sheridan, Jaqui R. Richards, Tracine Y. Smoot

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Consultation services in schools and related settings have received increased support over recent years because of their documented effi ciency and effi cacy. Psychologists working in schools are recognizing the desirability of such services to address the needs of an increasingly complex population of students. Consultation is defi ned as an indirect problem-solving and decision- making model that involves the cooperative eff orts of a consultant (specialist) and consultees (teachers, parents, caregivers) to clarify primary needs and issues and to develop, implement, and evaluate appropriate strategies for intervention.


The Science And Theory Of Empirically Supported Treatments: A Response To Hughes, Susan M. Sheridan Sep 2000

The Science And Theory Of Empirically Supported Treatments: A Response To Hughes, Susan M. Sheridan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

School psychologists work in dynamic contexts, and the conceptual and empirical bases that shape and inform the field are broad and diverse. As a profession, school psychology is concerned with providing services to a broad constituency base, with children and youth at the center. Because the work of school psychologists concerns helping children, there is a huge professional and ethical responsibility to ensure that what we do or the treatments we recommend have the greatest potential to result in the greatest amount of good. It is therefore important to understand the extant intervention literature base including its conceptual underpinnings, data-based ...


Alcohol Expectancies Among Adolescents In Inner Mongolia, Ian Newman, Ming Qu, Duane F. Shell, Yuching Li, Fangfang Gao Sep 2000

Alcohol Expectancies Among Adolescents In Inner Mongolia, Ian Newman, Ming Qu, Duane F. Shell, Yuching Li, Fangfang Gao

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Female students were more likely to report global negative expectancies, while male students were more likely to report stronger positive social perception expectancies. The 11th and 12th graders expected more negative effects from drinking including global negative effects and negative personal effects than did the 10th graders. Nondrinkers and occasional drinkers reported greater expectancies of negative personal effects and negative perceptions of drinking than regular-drinkers. In contrast, regular drinkers more often reported expectancies of positive social perception, tension reduction and pleasure. social courtesy, social facilitation. and beneficial drinking. The results suggest that alcohol expectancies among Chinese adolescents in Inner Mongolia ...


Diversity In Reasoning And Rationality: Metacognitive And Developmental Considerations, David Moshman Feb 2000

Diversity In Reasoning And Rationality: Metacognitive And Developmental Considerations, David Moshman

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Tasks in the adult reasoning literature are designed so that heuristic processing leads one astray and adequate rule-based processing requires explicit knowledge about applicable logical and quasi-logical norms. Other research, however, indicates that appropriate rule-based inferences can be automatic. Individual differences in rationality are largely due to differences in developmental progress toward metacognitive understanding of both heuristic and rule-based inferences.


Using The Mystery Motivator To Improve Child Bedtime Compliance, Kristin E. Robison, Susan M. Sheridan Jan 2000

Using The Mystery Motivator To Improve Child Bedtime Compliance, Kristin E. Robison, Susan M. Sheridan

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Child bedtime problems are commonly reported by parents. A number of behavioral techniques, including extinction of tantrum behaviors, reinforcement of compliant bedtime, and implementation of consistent bedtime routines have been successful in improving bedtime compliance. The present study examined the effects of the ‘‘Mystery Motivator’’ (MM), a behavioral contract designed to remediate bedtime problems by delivering random reinforcement. Emphasis was placed on the optimal use of clinical intervention by enlisting parents as primary change agents in the home setting. Three adults and their four children, aged 3-5 years, participated. Three of the four children showed substantial changes in both time ...