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Educational Psychology

1996

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Articles 1 - 30 of 52

Full-Text Articles in Education

Is Consultation Effective? A Review Of Outcome Research, Susan M. Sheridan, Marshall Welch, Scott F. Orme Nov 1996

Is Consultation Effective? A Review Of Outcome Research, Susan M. Sheridan, Marshall Welch, Scott F. Orme

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

This review summarizes the findings of consultation and teaming research from 1985 to 1995. It analyzes and critiques various methodological features of the research and draws conclusions regarding the current state of consultation and teaming outcome studies. Specific questions addressed in this review include (a) how much empirically based outcome research has been conducted since 1985, (b) what the common methodological features incorporated into the current consultation research are, and (c) what conclusions regarding the current status of outcome research in consultation can be drawn. Behavioral consultation studies were most prevalent (compared to mental health consultation, organizational development consultation, teaming ...


Site-Based Transdisciplinary Educational Partnerships: Development, Implementation, And Outcomes Of A Collaborative Professional Preparation Program, Marshall Welch, Susan M. Sheridan, Brett Wilson, Denise Colton, John C. Mayhew Sep 1996

Site-Based Transdisciplinary Educational Partnerships: Development, Implementation, And Outcomes Of A Collaborative Professional Preparation Program, Marshall Welch, Susan M. Sheridan, Brett Wilson, Denise Colton, John C. Mayhew

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

In this article, we describe the conceptual framework, development, implementation, and outcomes of an experimental professional preparation program. University students from preparation programs in general education, educational administration, school psychology, and special education formed transdisciplinary cohorts that were placed in school settings to complete a variety of activities designed to foster greater collaboration among disciplines in serving children and youth at risk. We describe what was learned throughout the project as well as its operational structure, outcomes, and future directions for transdisciplinary professional development.


Review Of A Mind Of Its Own. Tourette’S Syndrome: A Story And A Guide. By R. D. Brunn And B. Brunn. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994, 174 Pp., Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Aug 1996

Review Of A Mind Of Its Own. Tourette’S Syndrome: A Story And A Guide. By R. D. Brunn And B. Brunn. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994, 174 Pp., Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Review of A Mind of Its Own. Tourette’s Syndrome: A Story and a Guide. By R. D. Brunn and B. Brunn. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994, 174 pp.


The Effect Of Rewards And Motivation On Student Achievement, Lori Kay Baranek Jul 1996

The Effect Of Rewards And Motivation On Student Achievement, Lori Kay Baranek

Masters Theses

A review of research is conducted to examine the effect of rewards on intrinsic motivation and learning for children in general education and special education. Intrinsically motivated students experience school success because they display behaviors such as choosing challenging activities and spending more time on task. The use of rewards undermines intrinsic motivation and results in the slower acquisition of skills and more errors in the learning process. The implications of the research are discussed and a collection of strategies designed to promote intrinsic motivation is presented. One part of the collection presents strategies for all students, and the other ...


Study Of The Effects Of Inclusion On The Academic Progress Of Regular Education Students, Tracy Alcoy-Clouser Jun 1996

Study Of The Effects Of Inclusion On The Academic Progress Of Regular Education Students, Tracy Alcoy-Clouser

Theses and Dissertations

It was the goal of this study to evaluate the effectiveness of the Team Approach to Mastery (TAM) program on the Metropolitan Achievement Test (MAT) scores of regular education students in the TAM classroom. The hypothesis suggested that the TAM students would do as well as or better than the students in the non-TAM classroom.

This study observed the progress of twenty-nine fourth grade students that live in a rural area with an urban school population. A pretest posttest design was used. The dependent variable was the MAT, and the TAM program was the independent variable.

An analysis of the ...


A Study Of Students' Attitude Toward School Climate As Compared Within A Conflict Resolution Group And A Traditional Group, Dawn D. Kelly-Pearson Jun 1996

A Study Of Students' Attitude Toward School Climate As Compared Within A Conflict Resolution Group And A Traditional Group, Dawn D. Kelly-Pearson

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to evaluate students' attitudes toward school climate. One group received Conflict Resolution training and the other group received no training. The program, SCRC, Students Creative Response to Conflict was designed to empower students by giving them the tools to confront and resolve problems that develop on a daily basis. The program focuses on five major areas: affirmation, communication, conflict resolution, cooperation, and bias awareness/appreciation of differences.

The sample group was drawn from four fourth grade classrooms. Each group consisted of thirty-six subjects. There were 61% males and 39% females. Further, 64.6% were ...


The Relationship Between Self-Esteem And Romanticism Among Parenting And Nonparenting Adolescents, Francine D. Ramsey Jun 1996

The Relationship Between Self-Esteem And Romanticism Among Parenting And Nonparenting Adolescents, Francine D. Ramsey

Theses and Dissertations

This study's purpose was to assess the difference between romanticism and self-esteem among parenting (n=13) and nonparenting adolescents (n=18). One subject did not specify status. Parenting adolescents where those who were or had been pregnant. Nonparenting adolescents were those who had never been pregnant. Of the thirty-two subjects, 29 were African American and three were Hispanic. All were a part of a social support group. The subjects ranged in age between 13 and 19. The Dean Romanticism Survey and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory combined were administered. An independent t-test was performed on the variables. The results indicated that ...


Measures Of Psychological Androgyny In Female Paramedics, Lynn M. Collins May 1996

Measures Of Psychological Androgyny In Female Paramedics, Lynn M. Collins

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine whether female paramedics were found to be more psychologically androgynous than female non-paramedics. The study group consisted of forty-two female paramedics. The control group consisted of forty-two females from occupations typically considered to be "feminine" professions. All subjects were administered the Bem Sex Role Inventory and asked to rate themselves on the sixty (60) personality characteristics contained within the instrument. Independent samples t-tests were performed on the androgyny scores and the masculine and feminine scores for the questionnaire. The results were contrary to prediction and found that the control group was ...


The Effect Of Cognitive Learning Style On Organizational Skills Of Students With Learning Disabilities In A Ninth Grade Inclusion Science Classroom, Louise Mont-Tucker May 1996

The Effect Of Cognitive Learning Style On Organizational Skills Of Students With Learning Disabilities In A Ninth Grade Inclusion Science Classroom, Louise Mont-Tucker

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The effect of cognitive learning style on improving the organizational skills of students with learning disabilities was investigated using subjects of a ninth grade inclusion science class in a rural school division. The intervention consisted of identifying the learning styles of two subjects, and adapting instruction to reflect the modalities of the subjects. The results of a multiple baseline across subjects design showed an improvement in the subjects' organizational skills which was measurable in the subjects ' academic achievement. Future research implications were discussed and recommended.


The Effects Of Premenstrual Syndrome On Women With Mental Disabilities, Richard H. Doughty Jr. May 1996

The Effects Of Premenstrual Syndrome On Women With Mental Disabilities, Richard H. Doughty Jr.

Theses and Dissertations

Studies have shown that P.M.S. has a negative effect for women on many aspects of life. P.M.S. seems to affect social situations, family life, stress, mood, substance abuse, and crime. The purpose of this one way analysis study is to evaluate the effects of P.M.S. on women with mental disabilities with non-compliant behaviors. Fifty women, whose intelligence quotient levels range between severe and profound, who reside in an institution for individuals with mental disabilities were selected for this study. Each woman has some type of non-compliant behavior. Each female has been placed on a ...


The Head Start Program And Subsequent Reading And Math Achievement Of First Graders, Marisa B. Snyder May 1996

The Head Start Program And Subsequent Reading And Math Achievement Of First Graders, Marisa B. Snyder

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effect of the Head Start Preschool Program on fist graders' academic achievement in math and reading. A literature review reported the results of other studies and the effect of early educational experiences on at-risk students' elementary school achievement. In general, these studies found that early educational intervention increased cognitive gains in the primary grades, but these gains were not sustained in the upper grades. Also, students from low socio-economic areas demonstrated greater gains than middle class children, In the present study, the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills was administered to first grade students of low socio-economic ...


A Comparative Study Of Social Competence And Antisocial Behavior Between Regular Education And Learning Disabled Children, Kathleen A. Lewis May 1996

A Comparative Study Of Social Competence And Antisocial Behavior Between Regular Education And Learning Disabled Children, Kathleen A. Lewis

Theses and Dissertations

This study tested the hypothesis that learning disabled children, when compared to regular education children at an equivalent age level, would score significantly lower on a test of social competence and significantly higher on a test of antisocial behavior according to a teacher rated behavior Scale. Sixty 5th and 6th grade students, 34 males and 26 females, were assigned to one of three conditions according to their educational classification: regular education (N=26), learning disabled resource (N=16), or learning disabled self-contained (N=18).

Four teachers served as judges and rated a selected number of subjects on the constructs social ...


The Effects Of Single Parenthood On Juvenile Delinquency, Lisa A. Barbetti May 1996

The Effects Of Single Parenthood On Juvenile Delinquency, Lisa A. Barbetti

Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to explore the effects of parental separation and divorce on the occurrence rate of delinquent acts committed by male youths. The age of the child at the time of parental breakup, parental education, and parental employment were also measured for effects on delinquent behavior. The sample consisted of sixty male youths between the ages of twelve and fourteen. The students were sampled while in homeroom at several Vineland, New Jersey public schools. The data analyzed in this study was obtained through administration of a twelve question self report in which the students circled ...


The Adaptive Behavior Scale: A Correlation Study At A Residential Treatment Facility, Simone Bey May 1996

The Adaptive Behavior Scale: A Correlation Study At A Residential Treatment Facility, Simone Bey

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine correlation of scores on the American Association on Mental Retardation Adaptive Behavior Scale-School Second Edition (ABS-SE:2) across two settings. The sample consisted of thirteen males and seventeen females who participate in a Behavior Disorders program. It was hypothesized that scores would be significant at the .05 level (p<.05). Previous research on adaptive behavior scales has resulted in mixed findings. Partially this is due to problems and differences in methodology. First, there are four versions and editions of the AAMR Adaptive Behavior Scales that have been utilized in research within the last twenty years. Second, differences in sample variations affected these results. For example, subjects were included with a range of intellectual functioning (severe to normal) and classification (e.g., conduct disorder). Further, correlation between settings (school and home) in previous research had ranged from low to high. About half of the studies reviewed indicated significant correlation between parent and teacher scores. The other half indicated an insignificant relationship between these scores. Score correlations were computed with the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient(r). The results indicate significant correlations on seven Domains. Also, residential counselors rated subjects higher on six Part Two Domains.


A Descriptive Analysis Of Students Referred To A Pre-Referral Intervention Committee, Kelly A. Cruice May 1996

A Descriptive Analysis Of Students Referred To A Pre-Referral Intervention Committee, Kelly A. Cruice

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to descriptively analyze the students referred to the pre-referral process in one New Jersey suburban school. The pre-referral process used in this school is a pre-referral intervention committee.

The sample size consists of twenty-one students from elementary school grades kindergarten through grade six. The descriptive data was obtained by developing a coding instrument and coding data from student files. The major method of data analysis used is percentages.

This study yielded the following findings: a majority of the students referred were boys, the total sample scored below average on all areas of standardized tests ...


A Study Examining Social Skills Ratings In A Special Education Classroom, George J. Rafferty May 1996

A Study Examining Social Skills Ratings In A Special Education Classroom, George J. Rafferty

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of relationship between students' self-ratings scores and their teacher's and teacher assistant's scores. Ten students classified ED were chosen, along with a social comparison group of ten regular education students. A correlational matrix was computed to measure the degree of association between students' self-ratings and their teachers' ratings of them. The same was done for the regular education sample. Two t-tests for independent samples were used to (1) measure any differences between the ratings of the special education teacher and the regular education teacher, and (2) measure any ...


Family Preservation Services: Aftercare Services That Help Families Maintain Success, Mary S. Perez May 1996

Family Preservation Services: Aftercare Services That Help Families Maintain Success, Mary S. Perez

Theses and Dissertations

This research reports placement outcomes at 6 months post intervention for a sample of sixty families enrolled in a family preservation program. Families with at least one child who is "at imminent risk" of being placed in the community participated in the family preservation program. During the intervention, families were introduced to several skills(communication and discipline skills) that would enable them to diffuse any crises that may arise due to parent/child conflict. After the families successfully completed the intervention, forty were referred to either another in-home based counseling program or outpatient therapy. Twenty families received no aftercare services ...


Classroom Management Skills And Teacher Locus Of Control, Sandy Sheard May 1996

Classroom Management Skills And Teacher Locus Of Control, Sandy Sheard

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the possibility of a relationship between locus of control of early childhood teachers and their behavior management skills. Subjects in the study were 55 group teachers in child care centers serving children ages 3 to 5 in low, middle and high socioeconomic communities in Camden County, New Jersey. The teachers were rated by their supervisors on the Classroom Management Rating Scale (CMRS), a 13 item Likert like scale developed for this study. Teachers completed a self rating on the CMRS and Rotter's I-E Locus of Control Scale. The Rotter I-E scores ...


The Validity Of The Beck Depression Inventory-7 In The Crisis Center Setting, Ross Feld May 1996

The Validity Of The Beck Depression Inventory-7 In The Crisis Center Setting, Ross Feld

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness and validity of the Beck Depression Inventory-7, a seven question multiple choice self report questionnaire that measures the severity of depression in a crisis center setting, in order to lend support to whether or not a patient's self report of symptoms matches a clinical evaluation of their chief complaint, done with the Prime MD Mood Module. The sample consisted of fifty subjects, 23 females and 27 males. All subjects presented to the emergency room an initial chief complaint of depression, suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt. Upon arrival in ...


Community Learning Groups: A Method In Adult Literacy For Community Participation And Learning, Sirkka Kapango Hamutenya Jan 1996

Community Learning Groups: A Method In Adult Literacy For Community Participation And Learning, Sirkka Kapango Hamutenya

Master's Capstone Projects

The study was done in the context of the Namibia National Literacy Program and was influenced by my working environment. While studying adult education, and by being exposed to a variety of philosophical views and ideas, I tried to reflect those views and ideas to the adult learner groups who graduated from the Namibia National Literacy Program as well as to those in the communities not attending any classes. The questions I had in my mind were the following: What can they do together to learn? How can they utilize their new skills to get involved in participatory community development ...


"From Snails To Alpha Males", A. Michael Marzolla Jan 1996

"From Snails To Alpha Males", A. Michael Marzolla

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Functional Assessment As Strategy Assessment For Teaching Academics, Jo Mary Hendrickson, Robert A. Gable, Christy Novak, Stephanie Peck Jan 1996

Functional Assessment As Strategy Assessment For Teaching Academics, Jo Mary Hendrickson, Robert A. Gable, Christy Novak, Stephanie Peck

Communication Disorders & Special Education Faculty Publications

Functional assessment of aggressive, aberrant, and challenging behavior has dominated the literature with relatively little attention given to the potential utility of functional assessment in academics. The purpose of this article is to advocate functional strategy assessment as a procedure for acquiring data to support the formulation of intervention hypotheses by school-based personnel with the aim of improving the academic performance of students with emotional and behavioral disorders. A functional strategy assessment model is presented, and two case illustrations are employed to demonstrate the feasibility of this assessment model for use by practitioners. Examples of both an individual and small ...


Sacred Spaces, Jean Trounstine Jan 1996

Sacred Spaces, Jean Trounstine

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Drama in the prison classroom teaches that transgression can enhance spirituality.


Transcending Gender: Toward A New Awareness Of The Fluid Self In Writing, Jack Ramey Jan 1996

Transcending Gender: Toward A New Awareness Of The Fluid Self In Writing, Jack Ramey

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

The constructs of the male and female in the gendered self are not binary opposites but interlocking halves of an inseparable whole.


Children's Perceptions Of Tasks, Structure, Routines And Roles In Two Multi-Age (P-1) Classrooms, Anne Yeoward Jan 1996

Children's Perceptions Of Tasks, Structure, Routines And Roles In Two Multi-Age (P-1) Classrooms, Anne Yeoward

Theses : Honours

In Western Australia, multi-age grouping is being explored as a means of providing a rich learning environment which helps children to learn, caters for individual differences and recognises the child's social and cognitive development (Rice & Basich. 1994 ). To date no study on the child's perceptions, expectations and experience of school within this organisational framework has been conducted. The purpose of this study is to find out about young children's perceptions of tasks, structure, routines and roles in a multi-age class. What are children's perceptions of the class grouping and task content in a multi-age class? What ...


Automatization And Transfer Of Alphabet Arithmetic, Number Comparison, And Object Comparison Among Intellectually Gifted Youth, Average-Ability Youth, And College Students , Melissa L. Lopez Reyes Jan 1996

Automatization And Transfer Of Alphabet Arithmetic, Number Comparison, And Object Comparison Among Intellectually Gifted Youth, Average-Ability Youth, And College Students , Melissa L. Lopez Reyes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two experiments were conducted to determine how performance is influenced by intellectual abilities of learners and by similarity between training and transfer stimuli. Participants trained for automatization by repeatedly performing a task on the same stimuli, and then worked on the same task as in training but with novel stimuli;In Experiment 1, gifted and average-ability youth and college students trained on alphabet arithmetic (A + 4 = E) and worked on transfer equations: commutativity (4 + A = E), reflexivity (E = A + 4), subtraction (E - A = 4), and add-one (A + 5 = F). Response-time data were linearly regressed on digits of equations. A decreasing ...


Using A Problem Analysis Model To Enhance Student Learning In Computer Programming , Hsiao-Shen Wang Jan 1996

Using A Problem Analysis Model To Enhance Student Learning In Computer Programming , Hsiao-Shen Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on computer programming suggests that novice programmers possess inert knowledge when trying to solve programming problems. Moreover, research on teaching and learning computer programming indicates that offering appropriate conceptual models of computer programming concepts to novice programmers enhances their mental models and reduces their misconceptions in computer programming. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a problem analysis learning model of computer programming to help novice programmers overcome their inert knowledge and learn a programming language;The problem analysis learning model combines a conceptual model and a holistic instructional approach for computer programming instruction. The ...


Self-Perceived Youth Leadership Life Skills Development Among Iowa 4-H Members , John Charles Morris Jan 1996

Self-Perceived Youth Leadership Life Skills Development Among Iowa 4-H Members , John Charles Morris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate useful relationships that exist between youth leadership life skills development and 4-H activity participation, among 1993-1994 senior Iowa 4-H members. The dependent variable in this study was 4-H leadership life skills development. The independent variables were participation and involvement in Iowa 4-H leadership activities, achievement expectancy, academic achievement, years in 4-H, age, gender, place of residence, and selected organizational and family variables;This study utilized descriptive survey methodology and a correlational design. A simple random sample of 400 Iowa senior 4-H club members, ages 14 through 18, was drawn from a population ...


Reviews, Lisa Langstraat, Linda T. Calendrillo, Judith Bradshaw-Brown, Frances Jo Grossman Jan 1996

Reviews, Lisa Langstraat, Linda T. Calendrillo, Judith Bradshaw-Brown, Frances Jo Grossman

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Lisa Langstraat. The Epistemic Music of Rhetoric: Toward the Temporal Dimension of Affect in Reader Response and Writing. (Steven B. Katz, 1996).

Linda T Calendrillo. Images in Language, Media, and Mind. (Roy F. Fox, Ed., 1994).

Judith Bradshaw-Brown. The Tao of Teaching. (Greta Nagel, 1994).

Frances Jo Grossman. Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life. (Anne Lamott, 1994)


Front Matter, Alice G. Brand (Editor) Jan 1996

Front Matter, Alice G. Brand (Editor)

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Editor's Message

Many of us come out of formal and advanced training in writing. We are at home with the humanities: philosophy, drama, the arts, aesthetics. We connect easily to both the teaching of literature and to literary exegesis. Ideas about literacy come easily to us.

We need to be aware of work being done in the field outside our focus in writing, literature, and language. Connections need to be made between us and other members of our cultural tapestry. Every once in a while someone tells me about the name of a book, an organization, or a journal ...