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Full-Text Articles in Education

Academic-Point Incentives And College-Student Use Of Study Skills, Afnan Ma'rouf Almasri Dec 1987

Academic-Point Incentives And College-Student Use Of Study Skills, Afnan Ma'rouf Almasri

Master's Theses

This was a study of the effects of academic-point incentives on the use of study skills by thirty high-risk undergraduate students. The students completed a four-session study-skills training program consisting of time management, concentration and memory, note taking, and test taking. They contracted to accomplish tasks specified weekly according to their class syllabus using special forms that specified the targeted study skills. The mean use of the study skills was 95.8% when points were given and decreased to 38% when points were withdrawn; but the use of study skills increased to 98.9% when points were again given.


An Application Of Adult Learning And Program Design, John A. Henschke Edd Oct 1987

An Application Of Adult Learning And Program Design, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

No abstract provided.


The Perception Of Single-Parented And Dual-Parented Children By Married And Divorced Teachers, Larry A. Blackmer Aug 1987

The Perception Of Single-Parented And Dual-Parented Children By Married And Divorced Teachers, Larry A. Blackmer

Dissertations

The single-parented child has become a focal point of attention for many educators. Concomitant to the increase in the number of children coming from families that have experienced divorce of parents is an increase in the number of professional persons who have experienced divorce as adults. The nation's schools are becoming more populated with single-parented children, and are being taught by teachers who are divorced or have experienced divorce.

The problem presented in this study questions if the interaction of the marital status of the teacher (divorced or married) and the status of the child (single-parented or dual-parented) will ...


The Effects Of Mechanically-Delivered Human-Delivered Reinforcement And Human-Delivered Reinforcement On Intrinsic Interest, Duangkaew Ungsrithong Aug 1987

The Effects Of Mechanically-Delivered Human-Delivered Reinforcement And Human-Delivered Reinforcement On Intrinsic Interest, Duangkaew Ungsrithong

Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to compare the effects of mechanically-delivered and human-delivered reinforcement on the performance of intrinsically interesting tasks. The study used a multiple-trial within-subject comparison design in which two reinforcement phases (a human-delivered reinforcement and a mechanically-delivered reinforcement phase) were alternated with two post-reinforcement phases. Three of the four subjects did not show performance decrements following mechanically-delivered reinforcement while three did show decrements following human-delivered reinforcement. These data indicate that post-reinforcement decrements may be more likely when reinforcement is delivered socially, suggesting that such decrements may not be due to the reinforcers per se but to ...


Patterns Of Emotion Within Mathematics Problem-Solving, Frances A. Rosamond Jun 1987

Patterns Of Emotion Within Mathematics Problem-Solving, Frances A. Rosamond

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

There is often a divide between the experience of positive emotions toward math on the part of mathematical educators and negative emotions toward math on the part of students. This paper utilizes psychologist Richard Lazarus's work on the effects of positive emotions in order to highlight their benefits for mathematical pedagogy, to explain the author's experiment applying Lazarus's theory, and to suggest ways this application might support and foster positive emotions in students.


The Development And Validation Of A Social Skills Rating Scale For Early Adolescents, Alan Bain Apr 1987

The Development And Validation Of A Social Skills Rating Scale For Early Adolescents, Alan Bain

Dissertations

This study responded to the need for a social skill assessment device specifically for use with early adolescents (i.e., ages 12-15 both regular education and mildly handicapped), that would assist teachers in addressing the social behavior problems experienced by this population.

The purpose of the study was to produce and validate a reliable teacher rating scale for use in: (a) screening adolescents for participation in social skill training programs, (b) measuring the efficacy of social skills training, and (c) measuring the generalization of social skills training to classroom social behavior. Aspects of both traditional and behavioral assessment theory were ...


Depression And Anxiety In Postmenopausal Women: A Study Of Black, White, And Hispanic Women, Patricia Groessl Apr 1987

Depression And Anxiety In Postmenopausal Women: A Study Of Black, White, And Hispanic Women, Patricia Groessl

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate depression and anxiety in postmenopausal women. The study examined four areas: race, hormone state, number of menopause symptoms, and demographic data.

The sample consisted of 90 women between the ages of 45 and 65. All subjects had completed either natural or surgical menopause by a minimum of one year. The subjects were volunteers from the West Michigan area.

There were 30 subjects from each of the following race categories: black, white, and Hispanic. On the basis of self reports, the subjects were assigned to one of the following hormone state groups: (a ...


A Comparison Of Wais-R Scores With Wais-R Scores For Mentally Handicapped Students With Iqs Below 70 And For Regular Education Students, Kimberly A. Brennan Apr 1987

A Comparison Of Wais-R Scores With Wais-R Scores For Mentally Handicapped Students With Iqs Below 70 And For Regular Education Students, Kimberly A. Brennan

Master's Theses

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the utilization of WISC-R scores as a basis for placement and continuation of services for mental retardates in special education classes throughout their school careers. A comparison of the WISC-R Verbal, Performance, and Full Scale IQs with the WAIS-R counterparts and a statistical analysis was conducted. Regular education students were also tested to determine if the two scales were equal.

The WAIS-R was found to yield higher Verbal and Full Scale IQ scores, but comparable Performance IQ scores. These results suggest that the differences between the two instruments for children of ...


Teaching Paragraph Construction To Second Grade Students Using A Structured, Sequential Instructional Program, Sheryl Ann Miller Apr 1987

Teaching Paragraph Construction To Second Grade Students Using A Structured, Sequential Instructional Program, Sheryl Ann Miller

Master's Theses

The present study proposed that specific methods of teaching writing could be implemented through the application of established principles of behavioral, educational technology. A group of eight second grade students took part in a five week sequential writing program designed to teach them to construct a paragraph incorporating the following components: title, name, introductory sentence, three explanatory sentences, and a conclusion sentence.

Samples of the student's writing were obtained at the beginning and end of the program. Changes in writing style were analyzed for the absence or presence of each component. Every child demonstrated some improvement regarding one or ...


Current Concepts And Information On The Differences Between Adults And Other Learners, John A. Henschke Edd Mar 1987

Current Concepts And Information On The Differences Between Adults And Other Learners, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

No abstract provided.


Review Of S.A. Ashraf, New Horizons In Muslim Education, Daniel A. Wagner Feb 1987

Review Of S.A. Ashraf, New Horizons In Muslim Education, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Between 1977 and 1982, a series of four world conferences on Muslim education were held in various Muslim countries that all dealt with aspects of how contemporary Muslims can maintain Islamic values in the modern educational world. Ashraf was one of the principal organizers of these conferences and contributed a key-note address for each one. The present small volume is a collection of these papers, which range from the general nature of the Islamic education to the development of curricula, new textbooks, and new teaching methods.


Teaching Teachers: Starting, Sharing, Shaping, Synthesizing, Emilie Anne Krustapentus Jan 1987

Teaching Teachers: Starting, Sharing, Shaping, Synthesizing, Emilie Anne Krustapentus

MA TESOL Collection

This materials development project in teacher training is the documentation of my work with a group of Thai teachers in 1986 at the Phanat Nikhom Processing Center in Phanat Nikhom, Chonburi, Thailand, a camp for IndoChinese refugees. As a teacher trainer-supervisor I structured a twenty week system of training teachers to become more proficient in their teaching skills through a process-based approach of awareness and analysis of one's personality and character strengths. While focusing on their characteristics, the teachers went through a four part program of training, Each part concentrated on teacher development through awareness of skill areas, experimentation ...


Meetings Without Measure: A Process Of Understanding, Lassie (M.F.) Dudley Jan 1987

Meetings Without Measure: A Process Of Understanding, Lassie (M.F.) Dudley

MA TESOL Collection

The ability to understand others is not a fortunate talent or an inherited trait. There is a recognizable process of understanding which can be taught, learned, or practiced at any moment of the day. A person's ability to understand others is directly related to his ability to see others truthfully. In turn, his ability to see others truthfully is in direct relation to his freedom from his own desires and perceived needs. Self-acceptance, which is self-love, is crucial in attaining freedom from our own perceived needs, and therefore central to the process of understanding.

During the summer of 1984 ...


Second Language Acquisition In The Field: A Personal Experience, Mary Chase Dindorf Jan 1987

Second Language Acquisition In The Field: A Personal Experience, Mary Chase Dindorf

MA TESOL Collection

This report is an examination of the results of my own beginning second language acquisition in the field. For one year I observed myself in the process of acquiring Bahasa Malaysia and Bahasa Indonesia in the respective countries. I was able to document my experiences in a language acquisition diary. It is the data from which this report was written.

I found that my second language acquisition in the field is a complex process determined by need as well as preferred personal strategies, and limited by a saturation monitor.

The success of this acquisition depends primarily upon my needs as ...


Can Creativity Be Taught In The Physics Laboratory?, Rudolph J. Eichenberger Jan 1987

Can Creativity Be Taught In The Physics Laboratory?, Rudolph J. Eichenberger

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Preparing Non-Experienced Teachers Of Adults, John A. Henschke Edd Jan 1987

Preparing Non-Experienced Teachers Of Adults, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

The expensive growth of adult and continuing education has brought with it many teachers who have subject matter expertise, but have no background, training or experience in teaching adults. While there are many of these people who are naturally successful in teaching adults, others may need assistance in becoming equipped for effective teaching in an adult learning setting. Attention is given to some adult education literature which implies, without directly stating, that research on the value of the training needs to emerge out of the model of practice. This research issue paper sets forth a new five-step theoretical model of ...


Attitude And Perception Differences When Speaking In A Second Language, Keith Douglas Smith Jan 1987

Attitude And Perception Differences When Speaking In A Second Language, Keith Douglas Smith

MA TESOL Collection

This paper addresses the issue of how people perceive themselves and others when speaking in a second language (L2). It explores the attitudinal aspects (e.g. sociological, psychological, and emotional) through the use of a questionnaire and in-depth interviews. Using the data collected, the paper compares and contrasts native and non-native English-speaking men and women. The results of the data have been illustrated in bar graphs to give the reader an idea of what findings were produced from the research. The research has been analyzed and tentative conclusions have been made. The conclusions, however, allow the reader to be able ...


Staying Power : "Leaving School Too Soon" : Report Of The Advisory Committee On Truants, Dropouts And Alternative Programs, Department Of Educational And Cultural Services Jan 1987

Staying Power : "Leaving School Too Soon" : Report Of The Advisory Committee On Truants, Dropouts And Alternative Programs, Department Of Educational And Cultural Services

Maine Collection

Staying Power : "Leaving School Too Soon" : Report of the Advisory Committee on Truants, Dropouts and Alternative Programs.

Maine.Department of Educational and Cultural Services. Printed Under Appropriation #4201.1111.

January 1987

Contents: Advisory Committee Members / Dedication / Acknowledgements / Contents / Introduction / Summary of Observations and Findings / Agenda for the Advisory Committee / What's Happening in Maine? / Maine Law / Alternatives in Education / Prevention / Recommendations for Action / Appendix / Fig.A - Adult High School Completion State Totals / Fig.B - Maine Secondary Dropouts by Grade & Year / Fig.C - Maine Secondary Dropouts Grade & Year / Fig.D - Total Secondary Enrollment in Maine (Oct., April, & End-of-Year).


The Influence Of Acceptability And Social System Variables On Teachers' Use Of Classroom Interventions , Vicki Stodden Stumme Jan 1987

The Influence Of Acceptability And Social System Variables On Teachers' Use Of Classroom Interventions , Vicki Stodden Stumme

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to empirically examine the influence of acceptability judgments and social system variables on teachers' use of behavioral interventions in the regular classroom setting. This investigation concurrently explored the sequential relationship between judgments of intervention acceptability and use of interventions as hypothesized by Witt and Elliott (1985) and effects on intervention use of the following social system variables: administrative support, parent support, implementation time, teacher responsibility for behavior change, and range of special education options available within a school district;This field-based research was unique in its utilization of experienced classroom teachers as judges of ...


Motivation: Issues And Implications For The Classroom, Steven J. Lonning Jan 1987

Motivation: Issues And Implications For The Classroom, Steven J. Lonning

MA TESOL Collection

This paper explores the nature of student motivation and subsequent implications for teaching. The literature on the subject of motivation is presented and discussed from the perspective of the behaviorist, the cognitive theorist and the humanist. From this survey of the literature three common themes emerge that are useful in working with student motivation. They are the student's motivation to feel success, to feel affiliation and to find meaning.

In describing the teacher's role in fostering motivation in these areas a variety of teaching methods and techniques are presented. Among these are effective objective setting and cooperative learning ...


Storytelling In A Second-Language And Cross-Cultural Education: A Positive Approach To The Learner’S Unconscious Potential, Cynthia A. Jaffe Jan 1987

Storytelling In A Second-Language And Cross-Cultural Education: A Positive Approach To The Learner’S Unconscious Potential, Cynthia A. Jaffe

MA TESOL Collection

The paper describes the technique, and rationale of storytelling in second-language and cross-cultural education. The storytelling technique is designed to approach learners through subconscious pathways, in order to reinforce their linguistic skills, to engender a positive attitude toward their learning of the second language and their involvement in the second culture, and to stimulate the development of their creative potentials. The paper includes an extensive rationale for the application of the technique, a description and step­-by-step manual for the application of the techniques and skills involved in the telling of tales, ideas on how to select stories appropriate to ...


Teacher And Student Characteristics Associated With Referrals To A Child Guidance Clinic , Susan Laurie Graham-Clay Jan 1987

Teacher And Student Characteristics Associated With Referrals To A Child Guidance Clinic , Susan Laurie Graham-Clay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Relative to other areas of special education, much less attention has been paid to the first step that initiates special education consideration: the referral itself. The intent of this study was to investigate actual referrals submitted to a child guidance clinic during an entire school year, and associated student and teacher characteristics;Referral results indicated that about 4% of the total student population was referred during the year, and most referrals were school-based. Twice as many boys were referred as girls. The majority of referrals (73%) occurred at the elementary level, and learning problems were the most frequently cited referral ...


The Effects Of Financial Stress On The Academic Achievement Of Young Adolescents From Farm And Nonfarm Families , Dania S. Clark-Lempers Jan 1987

The Effects Of Financial Stress On The Academic Achievement Of Young Adolescents From Farm And Nonfarm Families , Dania S. Clark-Lempers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated whether financial stress brought about by economic changes in farm communities had an effect on academic achievement of young adolescents. Additionally, whether this effect was mediated by the social support of parents and/or the degree of dissonance in relationships with parents was also studied. Young adolescents, mothers and fathers from 105 farm and nonfarm families participated. The degree of financial hardship reported by the adolescents was positively related to their feelings of depression and to the degree of dissonance in their relationships with their parents. Their perceptions of financial hardship were negatively related to the amount ...


A Path Analytical Approach To Parents And Teacher Expectation Effects On Achievement For Middle School Students , Joon Ok Lee Jan 1987

A Path Analytical Approach To Parents And Teacher Expectation Effects On Achievement For Middle School Students , Joon Ok Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the research was twofold: One was to identify the nature of relationships of selected structural, attitudinal, and process variables of the home and school while the other was to test the hypothetical path models of parents and teacher expectation effects on pre-adolescents school learning. It was hypothesized that parent expectations for the child's achievement might be mediated by parent involvement, student expectations, and effort to achievement as well as teacher expectations might be mediated by teacher clarity, student expectations, and effort;The data were obtained from the responses of 115 sixth grade and 109 eighth grade ...


Effects Of Short And Long Study Times On Learning By Maps Versus Navigation, Thyra Rauch Jan 1987

Effects Of Short And Long Study Times On Learning By Maps Versus Navigation, Thyra Rauch

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Investigative Study Of Twelve Dropouts In Villa Grove High School, Ann L. Krejci Jan 1987

An Investigative Study Of Twelve Dropouts In Villa Grove High School, Ann L. Krejci

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Therapist's Gender On Outcome Of Behavioral Treatment With Agoraphobics, Linda Williamson Tiffany Jan 1987

The Effect Of Therapist's Gender On Outcome Of Behavioral Treatment With Agoraphobics, Linda Williamson Tiffany

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This is a descriptive study of the relationship between gender of therapist and the effectiveness of behavioral treatment with agoraphobics. Participants for this study included fifty-six clients (28 males and 28 females) divided into matching pairs (male and female), 20 pairs were assigned to female therapists and 8 pairs were assigned to male therapists. Client progress was measured pre and post treatment with the Fear Questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory.;Results indicate that male and female clients progress equally well in behavioral treatment for agoraphobia. However, gender of therapist significantly impacts on progress; male and female pairs progressed significantly more ...