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Full-Text Articles in Education

Gender Differences In Subject-Specific Academic Performance Predicted By Self-Efficacy And Interests Of 12th Grade Indian Students, Asha Stephen Jan 2008

Gender Differences In Subject-Specific Academic Performance Predicted By Self-Efficacy And Interests Of 12th Grade Indian Students, Asha Stephen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While in the United States, more and more women are now entering the previously male-dominated science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions, not much vocational research on women in STEM careers has been conducted in India, where the traditionally patrifocal culture typically affords limited career choices and educational opportunities to women. This study used structural equation modeling (SEM) to assess potential gender differences in subject-specific self-efficacy, interests and academic performance of 316 high school students from a large city in India. The influence of other contextual factors such as tracking and parental education was also examined. Results indicated definite gender ...


Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward Jan 2008

Educational Outcomes Of Children With Absent-Fathers: An Examination Of Children With Deceased Fathers And Children With Fathers Absent For Other Reasons Compared With Children With Fathers Present In A Two-Parent Home, Brandie Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Educational outcomes for children with fathers absent due to death and those absent for other reasons were examined with children from two-parent homes using the Adolescent Health data. Children without fathers for any reason completed a year less of school than children living with two parents. Children with deceased fathers and children with fathers absent for other reasons did not differ in the amount of education each completed. There was no association between the child's age when the father died and the amount of education completed, but there was a small relationship between the length of time a child ...


No Child Left Behind School Choice: Its Impact In A District With Extensive Pre-Existing Choice Programs, Petra Marie Hofstedt Jan 2007

No Child Left Behind School Choice: Its Impact In A District With Extensive Pre-Existing Choice Programs, Petra Marie Hofstedt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this investigation, the researcher indirectly examines the role of NCLB school choice by performing an in-depth investigation of the open enrollment program in a Minnesota school district while further couching the results in the major assumptions of NCLB school choice. Secondary data analysis was completed in order to test the following four interconnected tests of hypotheses: (1) Are students requesting successful schools more than unsuccessful schools? (2) Are students leaving less successful schools more than successful schools? (3) Are ethnic minorities requesting successful schools more than unsuccessful schools? (4) Are ethnic minorities transferring out of unsuccessful schools more than ...


Effects Of Boundary Regulation On Children's Academic Performance: A Systems Perspective Of Family Functioning , Jane Rose Muthoni Njue Jan 2005

Effects Of Boundary Regulation On Children's Academic Performance: A Systems Perspective Of Family Functioning , Jane Rose Muthoni Njue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Systems theory was used to link family functioning in the task of boundary regulation to adolescents' academic performance. Boundary regulation, a family task defined in terms of proximity and generation hierarchy, is believed to be the most critical to family functioning because it sets a precondition for the execution of other family tasks. Data from Wave II of the National Survey of Families and Household (NSFH) were used to identify family interaction patterns that reflect proximity and generation hierarchy aspects of boundary regulation, utilizing both parent and adolescent responses. Proximity was measured by items representing physical and emotional closeness of ...


School-Wide Behavior Screening For Instructional Decisionmaking , Christopher Charles Pierson Jan 2005

School-Wide Behavior Screening For Instructional Decisionmaking , Christopher Charles Pierson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since No Child Left Behind has become law, there has been increased use of data to drive instructional decisionmaking for academics. However, the focus placed on improving behavior and using data to drive decisions for school-wide behavior improvement has not occurred with the same fervor. Behavior needs often are identified too late in a student's school career, which limits intervention efficacy and increases cost. This study tests the reliability and validity of the School-wide Efficient Behavior Screening (SWEBS); (Pierson, 2003) and discusses how educators used the SWEBS to make instructional decisions to sort students into three levels of differentiated ...


Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain Jan 2005

Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research utilized data from Reconnecting Youth in Iowa, a positive youth development program for at-risk students, to assess the relationship between two Adlerian psychology constructs: encouragement and social interest. Relevant survey questions utilized in outcome studies for the program were clustered into the theoretical constructs. Pearson product moment correlations revealed broad correlations between indicators of encouragement and social interest. Analysis of variance revealed there were significant difference between high, moderate, and low levels of encouragement on most social interest indicators. Implications for helping professionals and programmatic efforts are discussed.


An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak Jan 2005

An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School psychologists have been seeking to identify the ways in which they can have the greatest impact on the schools, students, and families they serve, while expressing a desire to decrease their involvement in the role of "gate keepers" for special education. With recent reforms in education and health care and a growing awareness of the mental health needs of children and adolescents, school psychologists have been called to expand their roles, taking greater leadership in comprehensive systems of care. Prevention, particularly primary prevention, has been identified as a key area for role expansion, along with being a cost-effective means ...


The Influence Of Individual Characteristics And Parenting Behaviors On Adolescent Academic Performance , Keren M. Zuniga Jan 2004

The Influence Of Individual Characteristics And Parenting Behaviors On Adolescent Academic Performance , Keren M. Zuniga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to discover the effects of adolescent autonomy, parental academic involvement and parental academic expectations as they link gender, age, ethnicity, and immigrant generation to adolescent academic performance. A selected sample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data set (Add Health) was used to examine these relationships specifically for Latino/as with comparisons drawn to White, African American, and Asian adolescents. Special emphasis was also placed on gender differences for each ethnic/racial group. The outcome variable of adolescent academic performance was assessed using the adolescent's reported grade point average (GPA). The ...


Relationships Among Socio-Economic Status, Parenting, Academic Achievement, And Self-Esteem In Early And Middle Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study , Chiu-Hui Lan Jan 2004

Relationships Among Socio-Economic Status, Parenting, Academic Achievement, And Self-Esteem In Early And Middle Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study , Chiu-Hui Lan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation are threefold: first, to examine a model of how socioeconomic status, parenting, adolescents' academic achievement, and adolescents' self-esteem might be causally related; second, to examine whether or not the proposed model is structurally invariant across gender and grade; and third, to determine whether family income, paternal and maternal education, and paternal and maternal occupational prestige make unique contributions to nurturant and punitive parenting, adolescents' academic achievement, and self-esteem. Structural equation results showed that socioeconomic status has a significant and positive effect on nurturant parenting and on adolescents' academic achievement, which, in turn, affect adolescent self-esteem ...


The Relationships Between Student Perception Of Constructivist Learning Environment, Self-Directed Learning Readiness, Problem-Solving Skills, And Teamwork Skills , Shu-Huei (Lisa) Lin Jan 2003

The Relationships Between Student Perception Of Constructivist Learning Environment, Self-Directed Learning Readiness, Problem-Solving Skills, And Teamwork Skills , Shu-Huei (Lisa) Lin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Constructivism is a recent educational philosophical development. This study was designed to ascertain the level of constructivism implemented in the Industrial technology program as observed by students. The study also sought to determine the level of constructivism students' desire, and the relationship between what they observed and what they preferred. The faculty view of the implementation was also collected. A comparison was made between the faculty view of the level of constructivism and the student view of the amount of constructivism being used.;An instrument for the aspects of constructivism was used for data collection, three parts were an Australian ...


The Measurement Of Optimism And Hope In Relation To College Student Retention And Academic Success , Patrick John Barlow Jan 2002

The Measurement Of Optimism And Hope In Relation To College Student Retention And Academic Success , Patrick John Barlow

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Consistent with research approaches in positive psychology, the variables of optimism and hope were investigated to determine what role these constructs had in the retention and academic success of college students. A sample of 282 students (172 women, 111 men) from a large midwestern university, supplemented by 82 collateral reporters (friends or relatives of the students), participated in the study. Each participant completed a questionnaire including Scheier and Carvers' Life Orientation Test (LOT); Peterson, Semrnel, von Baeyer, Abramson, Metalsky, and Seligmans' Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ), and C. R. Snyder's Adult Trait Hope Scale (HOPE) along with measures of depression ...


A Program Evaluation Of A Living-Learning Housing Option At A Large Midwestern University , Sharon Smith Thompson Jan 2002

A Program Evaluation Of A Living-Learning Housing Option At A Large Midwestern University , Sharon Smith Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the impact of a living-learning housing option on residents' academic behavior, cognitions (i.e., academic self-efficacy and attributions for academic outcomes), achievement, retention at the university, and level of satisfaction with their living environment. Residents of Maple, the program hall, were compared to residents of Larch, a non-program hall that was similar to Maple in size and location. Background and outcome data were obtained through official university records, as well as through questionnaires completed by residents of both halls at the beginning of the fall semester and toward the end of the spring semester.;The results ...


Training Teachers To Give Effective Commands: Effects On Student Compliance, Academic Engagement, And Academic Responding , Andrea Renee Starkweather-Lund Jan 2001

Training Teachers To Give Effective Commands: Effects On Student Compliance, Academic Engagement, And Academic Responding , Andrea Renee Starkweather-Lund

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study, using a multiple baseline design across subjects, evaluated whether training teachers to give effective commands alone and in combination with verbal praise for appropriate classroom behavior and compliance would result in increased compliance, academic engagement and academic responding. Results indicate that increasing effective teacher commands resulted in increased rates of student compliance of 7% for Student one, 15% for Student Two, and 17% for Student Three during the effective commands alone phase of the study. Total compliance was increased over baseline 17% for Student One, 28% for Student Two, and 23% for Student Three across all phases ...


The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding Jan 2001

The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study determined the difference in the level of academic potential/achievement across five populations of freshmen during an academic school year at Iowa State University. It examined students whose parents' highest education was: (1) high school diploma, (2) one or two years of college, (3) two-year associate or technical degree, (4) four-year degree, and (5) graduate or professional degree. Other factors that might impinge on student academic achievement are: poverty, socioeconomic status, and family structure/or marital status. The study investigated whether students whose parents attained higher levels of education beyond the high school diploma were more successful academically ...


Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson Jan 2000

Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study utilized the qualitative method of narrative inquiry to create and analyze the oral narrative of one African American female's struggle for success in higher education. This method allowed investigation of life experiences meaningful to the participant-narrator's success in higher education to be accomplished in collaboration with the participant-narrator; a student voice was heard and preserved. The oral narrative was then analyzed by the researcher in order to identify and examine elements (family and individual characteristics, life events, interactions, personal meanings) relevant to factors that have been identified by existing research findings as related to student ...


Differences In Interhemispheric Interaction During Visual Information Processing In Mathematically Gifted Youth, Average Ability Adolescents, And College Students , Harnam Singh Jan 2000

Differences In Interhemispheric Interaction During Visual Information Processing In Mathematically Gifted Youth, Average Ability Adolescents, And College Students , Harnam Singh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the current research was to study the interhemispheric interaction in the brains of mathematically gifted youth, average ability adolescents, and college students. This study investigated the efficiency of interhemispheric interaction via the corpus callosum for brief displays of hierarchical stimuli under these conditions: (1) when both hemispheres have direct access to the visual information for performing global/local matches (i.e., bilateral redundant trials), (2) when the information necessary to perform such matches is divided between the visual-fields/hemispheres, thus forcing the hemispheres to exchange information to successfully perform the task (i.e., bilateral cooperative trials), and ...


A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi Jan 1999

A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the longitudinal effects of a Living Learning Center (LLC) on women studying engineering, science, and Mathematics; The intervention was designed to decrease social isolation within women studying traditionally male-dominated career fields. Secondary goals included increasing LLC participants' retention within nontraditional academic majors and enhancing LLC participants' academic performance within nontraditional courses of study. Finally, increasing LLC participants' university retention, overall academic performance, self-efficacy, and college adjustment were tertiary objectives. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that women participating in the LLC would report less social isolation, greater major and university retention, higher academic performance, and greater ...


School-Based Problem-Solving Interventions: The Impact Of Training And Documentation On The Quality And Outcomes , Kristi R. Flugum Upah Jan 1998

School-Based Problem-Solving Interventions: The Impact Of Training And Documentation On The Quality And Outcomes , Kristi R. Flugum Upah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Limited research suggests there is a relation between quality interventions, as indicated by the presence of specific indicators, and positive student outcomes (Flugum, 1992; Flugum & Reschly, 1992, 1994); these findings, however, were based on self-report data with no intervention documentation to verify the quality or outcomes. There continues to be a need to determine which components (i.e., quality indices) are essential for school-based problem-solving interventions to result in positive outcomes for students. Research (e.g., McDougall, Reschly & Corkery, 1988; Kratochwill, VanSomeran & Sheridan, 1989) also supports the use of protocol-based training to influence the quality of these interventions positively; yet, questions remain as to the effect of the protocol versus the training;In addition to answering the above question, this study attempted ...


Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward Jan 1998

Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing need to address behavioral issues in the public schools. School psychologists and other support staff frequently consult with teachers and parents when students exhibit a variety of academic or behavioral problems, yet children with severe emotional disturbance (SED) or behavior disorders (BD) are often considered to present some of the most difficult cases (Shapiro, 1991). School districts are facing growing expectations to include all students; however many support staff do not have the training or resources to implement interventions that are effective for students with histories of aggression, self injury and property destruction (O'Neill, William ...


Investigating Antecedents To The Development Of Competence And Fulfillment Among Intellectually Gifted Adolescents: The Validity Of Conjointly Applying Above-Level Ability And Preference Assessment For Early Educational And Career Planning , John Andrew Achter Jan 1997

Investigating Antecedents To The Development Of Competence And Fulfillment Among Intellectually Gifted Adolescents: The Validity Of Conjointly Applying Above-Level Ability And Preference Assessment For Early Educational And Career Planning , John Andrew Achter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent efforts examining the educational and vocational development needs of intellectually gifted students have focused on the possibility of early intervention. There is considerable anecdotal evidence that the gifted begin to think earlier about careers than their peers and that their general vocational preferences may crystallize at an earlier age. Empirical research has produced some support for these assertions, as well as the notion that tests and questionnaires devised for use with older students might be applied in early adolescence with intellectually gifted individuals. Instruments measuring abilities and preferences, factors critical to the development of educational and vocational choice, competence ...


Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta Jan 1997

Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated a model of predictors of career aspirations among two groups of women: students in mathematics, physical science, and engineering majors and students in biological science majors. Based on theories of women's career development and social-cognitive theories, it was hypothesized that ability, self-efficacy, positivity of role model influence, and role conflict would influence the career aspirations of these women. It was further hypothesized that the students' year in school would contribute to this model as a predictor variable. Five hundred forty-six students (representing a 71% response rate) from Iowa State University were surveyed by mail to evaluate ...


The Influence Of Cognitive Psychology On Art Education As Seen In The Work Of Howard Gardner And Elliot Eisner , Marcia C. Rich Jan 1997

The Influence Of Cognitive Psychology On Art Education As Seen In The Work Of Howard Gardner And Elliot Eisner , Marcia C. Rich

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the influence of educational psychology on contemporary art education. The century-old debate in art education between those wanting more scientific methods of teaching and assessment and those wanting a more child-centered education appears in contemporary version in the work of Howard Gardner and Elliot Eisner. In this contemporary setting it is the educator, Eisner, who wants more discipline-oriented curricula, while the cognitive scientist, Gardner, calls for more child-centered education. By examining the writings of Howard Gardner, a cognitive scientist, and Elliot Eisner, an art educator, and comparing the art education programs overseen by them, i.e., Arts ...


Development And Formative Evaluation Of An Instructional Simulation Of Adiabatic Processes , Ying-Shao Hsu Jan 1997

Development And Formative Evaluation Of An Instructional Simulation Of Adiabatic Processes , Ying-Shao Hsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to develop a computer-based instructional simulation of adiabatic processes and to study the effects of selected characteristics of the simulation on students conceptual development, problem solving and transfer. To study these issues the related literature was reviewed, a simulation was developed and a two-pronged research study was employed. From the review of literature and constructivist theory, a simulation to facilitate active and situated learning was developed. It included the features of multiple representations, interaction, and authentic tasks;The subjects for the study were students enrolled in a beginning meteorology course at Iowa State University ...


The Effects Of Cognitive Style, Method Of Instruction, And Visual Ability On Learning Chemical Kinetics , Mark D. Lynch Jan 1997

The Effects Of Cognitive Style, Method Of Instruction, And Visual Ability On Learning Chemical Kinetics , Mark D. Lynch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The relationships between cognitive style, method of instruction, and visual skill on learning chemical kinetics were investigated. Participants enrolled in a general chemistry course were classified on each of three factors: cognitive style (field dependent, field neutral, or field independent), method of instruction (computer lesson, teaching assistant, or neither), and visual skill (high visual skill, moderate visual skill, or low visual skill). Participants who were classified as field independent scored significantly higher than those classified as field dependent on the kinetics portions of the hour and final exams. Also, participants who worked with the computer lesson scored significantly higher than ...


An Analysis Of Request-Centered Relational Communication Within Behavioral Consultation Using A Sample Of Practicing School Psychologists , Tracey Lynn Johnson Jan 1997

An Analysis Of Request-Centered Relational Communication Within Behavioral Consultation Using A Sample Of Practicing School Psychologists , Tracey Lynn Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Folger and Puck (1976) request-centered relational communication coding system was used to examine the relationship between measures of consultant and consultee control in behavioral consultation and (a) consultee satisfaction; (b) client behavior change; (c) perceived treatment integrity; and (d) perceptions of client behavior change. School psychologists from across Iowa served as consultants to one consultee each across three problem-solving interviews. The Problem Identification Interview was audiotaped and request-response transactions were coded. Requests were coded as either: dominant, dominant-affiliative, or submissive and served as measures of consultant and consultee control. Measures of consultant and consultee control and the outcome measures ...


Community College General Education Impact On Student Critical Thinking Ability , Judith Hansen Jan 1997

Community College General Education Impact On Student Critical Thinking Ability , Judith Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of the impact of community college general education, semester hours on student critical thinking ability responded to national and regional research recommendations in analysis of three components: (1) critical thinking, (2) general education, and (3) community college. Student critical thinking ability was measured by student scores on the ACT Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP) Critical Thinking component exam. General education was defined as the semester hours completed in each of five general education areas required for associate degree graduation: communications, humanities, math, science, and social science. All data for this study were obtained from the records of ...


Automatization And Transfer Of Alphabet Arithmetic, Number Comparison, And Object Comparison Among Intellectually Gifted Youth, Average-Ability Youth, And College Students , Melissa L. Lopez Reyes Jan 1996

Automatization And Transfer Of Alphabet Arithmetic, Number Comparison, And Object Comparison Among Intellectually Gifted Youth, Average-Ability Youth, And College Students , Melissa L. Lopez Reyes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two experiments were conducted to determine how performance is influenced by intellectual abilities of learners and by similarity between training and transfer stimuli. Participants trained for automatization by repeatedly performing a task on the same stimuli, and then worked on the same task as in training but with novel stimuli;In Experiment 1, gifted and average-ability youth and college students trained on alphabet arithmetic (A + 4 = E) and worked on transfer equations: commutativity (4 + A = E), reflexivity (E = A + 4), subtraction (E - A = 4), and add-one (A + 5 = F). Response-time data were linearly regressed on digits of equations. A decreasing ...


Using A Problem Analysis Model To Enhance Student Learning In Computer Programming , Hsiao-Shen Wang Jan 1996

Using A Problem Analysis Model To Enhance Student Learning In Computer Programming , Hsiao-Shen Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on computer programming suggests that novice programmers possess inert knowledge when trying to solve programming problems. Moreover, research on teaching and learning computer programming indicates that offering appropriate conceptual models of computer programming concepts to novice programmers enhances their mental models and reduces their misconceptions in computer programming. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a problem analysis learning model of computer programming to help novice programmers overcome their inert knowledge and learn a programming language;The problem analysis learning model combines a conceptual model and a holistic instructional approach for computer programming instruction. The ...


Self-Perceived Youth Leadership Life Skills Development Among Iowa 4-H Members , John Charles Morris Jan 1996

Self-Perceived Youth Leadership Life Skills Development Among Iowa 4-H Members , John Charles Morris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate useful relationships that exist between youth leadership life skills development and 4-H activity participation, among 1993-1994 senior Iowa 4-H members. The dependent variable in this study was 4-H leadership life skills development. The independent variables were participation and involvement in Iowa 4-H leadership activities, achievement expectancy, academic achievement, years in 4-H, age, gender, place of residence, and selected organizational and family variables;This study utilized descriptive survey methodology and a correlational design. A simple random sample of 400 Iowa senior 4-H club members, ages 14 through 18, was drawn from a population ...


The Relationship Between Personal Epistemology And Accountability On Critical Thinking Disposition , Alice Kathleen Peterson Jan 1995

The Relationship Between Personal Epistemology And Accountability On Critical Thinking Disposition , Alice Kathleen Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this study was to examine the relationship between personal epistemology, complexity of thought given three different levels of accountability instruction, and critical thinking dispositions. Each of these areas has been examined in the literature separately, but the relationship between them has never been investigated;The participants consisted of 128 undergraduates, 81 female and 47 male, all of whom had earned sixty or more semester credits and were all enrolled in a required interdisciplinary seminar at a small private liberal arts college in the midwest;Personal epistemology was measured by the Learning Environment Preference (Moore, 1987), which is ...