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Four Decades Of Research On School Bullying: An Introduction, Shelley Hymel, Susan M. Swearer May 2015

Four Decades Of Research On School Bullying: An Introduction, Shelley Hymel, Susan M. Swearer

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

This article provides an introductory overview of findings from the past 40 years of research on bullying among school-aged children and youth. Research on definitional and assessment issues in studying bullying and victimization is reviewed, and data on prevalence rates, stability, and forms of bullying behavior are summarized, setting the stage for the 5 articles that comprise this American Psychologist special issue on bullying and victimization. These articles address bullying, victimization, psychological sequela and consequences, ethical, legal, and theoretical issues facing educators, researchers, and practitioners, and effective prevention and intervention efforts. The goal of this special issue is to provide ...


Understanding The Psychology Of Bullying: Moving Toward A Social-Ecological Diathesis–Stress Model, Susan M. Swearer, Shelley Hymel May 2015

Understanding The Psychology Of Bullying: Moving Toward A Social-Ecological Diathesis–Stress Model, Susan M. Swearer, Shelley Hymel

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

With growing recognition that bullying is a complex phenomenon, influenced by multiple factors, research findings to date have been understood within a social-ecological framework. Consistent with this model, we review research on the known correlates and contributing factors in bullying/victimization within the individual, family, peer group, school and community. Recognizing the fluid and dynamic nature of involvement in bullying, we then expand on this model and consider research on the consequences of bullying involvement, as either victim or bully or both, and propose a social-ecological, diathesis– stress model for understanding the bullying dynamic and its impact. Specifically, we frame ...


Bullying And Peer Victimization: An Examination Of Cognitive And Psychosocial Constructs, Kisha M. Radliff, Cixin Wang, Susan M. Swearer Feb 2015

Bullying And Peer Victimization: An Examination Of Cognitive And Psychosocial Constructs, Kisha M. Radliff, Cixin Wang, Susan M. Swearer

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Research has demonstrated a link between internalizing factors and bullying perpetration and peer victimization; however, few studies have examined predictors of cognitive and psychosocial factors, such as locus of control and hopelessness. The current study examined cognitive and psychosocial factors in bullying perpetration and peer victimization in a sample of 469 middle school students. A mediator model of hopelessness was also investigated. Students involved in bullying reported a greater external locus of control compared with peers who were not involved in bullying. Bully victims endorsed the highest externality. Results showed that hopelessness fully mediated the relationship between verbal/relational victimization ...


Teacher Support Mediates Concurrent And Longitudinal Associations Between Temperament And Mild Depressive Symptoms In Sixth Grade, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Patrick Pössel, Stephanie Winkeljohn Black, Kate Niehaus Jan 2014

Teacher Support Mediates Concurrent And Longitudinal Associations Between Temperament And Mild Depressive Symptoms In Sixth Grade, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Patrick Pössel, Stephanie Winkeljohn Black, Kate Niehaus

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

The combination of changes occurring at the transition to middle school may be a catalyst for the onset of depressive symptoms, yet teacher support at this transition is protective. Research points to certain temperamental traits as risk factors for developing depressive symptoms. This study examines student reports of teacher support and teacher reports of student–teacher relationship (STR) quality as mediators of associations between child temperament (i.e. negative emotionality at age 4½ : and emotional reactivity in elementary grades) and depressive symptoms in sixth grade. Results indicate (a) negative emotionality predicted emotional reactivity and depressive symptoms; (b) emotional reactivity predicted ...


Risk Factors For And Outcomes Of Bullying And Victimization, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Mar 2011

Risk Factors For And Outcomes Of Bullying And Victimization, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Individuals exist within multiple environments: home, school, neighborhood, church, community, and society. Within the interaction between individuals and these environments are risk factors for bullying and victimization. In this paper research on risk factors for bullying and victimization across multiple contexts-- individual, peer, school, family, community, and society will be synthesized.


Internalizing Problems In Students Involved In Bullying And Victimization [Chapter 5], Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Adam Collins, Kisha Haye Radliff, Cixin Wang Jan 2011

Internalizing Problems In Students Involved In Bullying And Victimization [Chapter 5], Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Adam Collins, Kisha Haye Radliff, Cixin Wang

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

In this chapter, we will review the literature on internalizing problems in youth who are involved in bullying. Involvement in bullying occurs along a continuum (i.e., the bully- victim continuum), meaning that students can participate in multiple roles, including bullying others, being bullied, both bullying others and being bullied, witnessing bullying, and no involvement in bullying. It is clear that involvement in bullying is not defined by static and fixed roles in individuals. It is also evident that students involved in the bully-victim continuum experience greater levels of internalizing problems compared to students who are not involved in bullying ...


Child Temperament, Teacher–Child Interactions, And Teacher–Child Relationships: A Longitudinal Investigation From First To Third Grade, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill Jan 2011

Child Temperament, Teacher–Child Interactions, And Teacher–Child Relationships: A Longitudinal Investigation From First To Third Grade, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

The quality of children’s relationships with teachers in early elementary grades has implications for their academic and behavioral outcomes in later grades (e.g., Hamre & Pianta, 2001). The current study uses data from the NICHD SECCYD to extend work from a recent study of first grade (Rudasill & Rimm-Kaufman, 2009) by examining connections between child shyness, effortful control, and gender and teacher–child relationship quality in third grade directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher- and child-initiated interactions in third grade, and teacher–child relationship quality in first grade. Path analyses using structural equation models were used to test two different models, one for conflict and one for closeness. Findings reveal five main points: (a) Children’s characteristics (i.e., shyness and effortful control) were related to the frequency of interactions they initiated with their third grade teachers; (b) The number of teacher-initiated interactions with a child in third grade was positively related to teacher perception of conflict, but not closeness, with that child; (c) Teachers’ perceptions of relationship quality and the number of teacher-initiated interactions in first grade predicted teachers’ perceptions of relationship quality and the number of teacher-initiated interactions in third grade; (d) Children’s gender predicted the number of teacher-initiated interactions and teachers’ perceptions of relationship quality in third ...


Expanding The Social-Ecological Framework Of Bullying Among Youth: Lessons Learned From The Past And Directions For The Future [Chapter 1], Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Dorothy L. Espelage Jan 2011

Expanding The Social-Ecological Framework Of Bullying Among Youth: Lessons Learned From The Past And Directions For The Future [Chapter 1], Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Dorothy L. Espelage

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

When the first edition of this book was published in 2004, we argued that bullying had to be studied across individual, peer, family, school, community, and cultural contexts. Like discrimination, bullying is a complex phenomenon, with multiple causal factors and multiple outcomes. We and other authors have continued to frame bullying among school-aged youth from this social ecological perspective. Drawing a parallel to discriminatory behavior, research on bullying has established that bully perpetration includes physical and verbal behavior within an affective framework (i.e., the intent to harm). Bullying comprises a complex set of antecedents, behaviors, and consequences. The reasons ...


Social Meaning Of Alcohol-Related Flushing Among University Students In China, Ian M. Newman, Izumi Jinnai, Jie Zhao, Zhaoqing Huang, Jia Pu, Ling Qian Jan 2011

Social Meaning Of Alcohol-Related Flushing Among University Students In China, Ian M. Newman, Izumi Jinnai, Jie Zhao, Zhaoqing Huang, Jia Pu, Ling Qian

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

This study explored drinking patterns, alcohol-related flushing, and ways students themselves and other people respond to flushing in drinking situations. Of 1080 Chinese undergraduate university students given the survey questionnaire, 725 (67.1%) returned the completed surveys. Eighty percent of the students were drinkers (93% of males and 69% of females); 68% of the drinkers were flushers. Most of the students (59.3%) said flushing had no special meaning, that is, would ignore flushing; 54% of the flushers said they could keep drinking “but less” when they flush; 27% of the students said that a flushing person should stop drinking ...


The Role Of Classroom Quality In Ameliorating The Academic And Social Risks Associated With Difficult Temperament, Timothy W. Curby, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Taylor Edwards, Koraly Pérez-Edgar Jan 2011

The Role Of Classroom Quality In Ameliorating The Academic And Social Risks Associated With Difficult Temperament, Timothy W. Curby, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Taylor Edwards, Koraly Pérez-Edgar

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

The present study examines the moderating role first grade classroom quality may have on the relations between children’s difficult temperament (assessed in infancy) and their academic and social outcomes in early elementary school (first grade). Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development’s Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, 1032 children were rated by their mothers at 6 months of age on difficult temperament. The quality of first grade classroom environments were then observed and rated along three domains: emotional support, classroom organization, and instructional support. Regression analyses examined the statistical interactions ...


A Longitudinal Study Of Student–Teacher Relationship Quality, Difficult Temperament, And Risky Behavior From Childhood To Early Adolescence, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Thomas G. Reio Jr., Natalie Stipanovic, Jennifer E. Taylor Oct 2010

A Longitudinal Study Of Student–Teacher Relationship Quality, Difficult Temperament, And Risky Behavior From Childhood To Early Adolescence, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Thomas G. Reio Jr., Natalie Stipanovic, Jennifer E. Taylor

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Abstract This study examines the mediating role of student–teacher relationship quality (conflict and closeness) in grades 4, 5, and 6 on the relation between background characteristics, difficult temperament at age 4½ and risky behavior in 6th grade. The longitudinal sample of participants (N = 1156) was from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Structural equation modeling was used to estimate paths from (a) background characteristics to student–teacher relationship quality and risky behavior, (b) temperament to student–teacher relationship quality and risky behavior, and (c) student–teacher relationship quality to risky behavior. Findings indicate that students ...


Being Bullied And Psychosocial Adjustment Among Middle School Students In China, Yulan Cheng, Ian Newman, Ming Qu, Lazarous Mbulo, Yan Chai, Yan Chen, Duane F. Shell Apr 2010

Being Bullied And Psychosocial Adjustment Among Middle School Students In China, Yulan Cheng, Ian Newman, Ming Qu, Lazarous Mbulo, Yan Chai, Yan Chen, Duane F. Shell

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Background: Using the Chinese version of the Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS), this article describes the prevalence of being bullied among a nationally representative sample of Chinese students in grades 6-10 and explores the relationships between being bullied and selected indicators of psychosocial adjustment.
Methods: A total of 9015 students in middle schools in Beijing, Hangzhou, Wuhan, and Urumqi completed the Chinese version of the GSHS. Researchers analyzed the results from 2 questions about the frequency and form of being bullied and 11 questions about psychosocial adjustment. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used in the analysis.
Results: About 25 ...


Temperamental Attention And Activity, Classroom Emotional Support, And Academic Achievement In Third Grade, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Kathleen Cranley Gallagher, Jamie M. White Apr 2010

Temperamental Attention And Activity, Classroom Emotional Support, And Academic Achievement In Third Grade, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Kathleen Cranley Gallagher, Jamie M. White

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

The purpose of this study is to examine the interplay of children’s temperamental attention and activity (assessed when children were 4-and-a-half years old) and classroom emotional support as they relate to children’s academic achievement in third grade. Particular focus is placed on the moderating role of classroom emotional support on the relationship between temperament (attention and activity level) and academic achievement. Regression analyses indicated that children’s attention and activity level were associated with children’s third grade reading and mathematics achievement, and classroom emotional support was associated with children’s third grade reading and mathematics achievement. In ...


Executive Function Skills Of 6–8 Year Olds: Brain And Behavioral Evidence And Implications For School Achievement, Victoria J. Molfese, Peter J. Molfese, Dennis L. Molfese, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Natalie Armstrong, Gillian Starkey Apr 2010

Executive Function Skills Of 6–8 Year Olds: Brain And Behavioral Evidence And Implications For School Achievement, Victoria J. Molfese, Peter J. Molfese, Dennis L. Molfese, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Natalie Armstrong, Gillian Starkey

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Academic and social success in school has been linked to children’s self-regulation. This study investigated the assessment of the executive function (EF) component of self-regulation using a low-cost, easily administered measure to determine whether scores obtained from the behavioral task would agree with those obtained using a laboratory-based neuropsychological measure of EF skills. The sample included 74 children (37 females; M = 86.2 months) who participated in two assessments of working memory and inhibitory control: Knock–Tap (NEPSY: Korkman, Kirk, & Kemp, 1998), and participated in event-related potential (ERP) testing that included the directional stroop test (DST: Davidson, Cruess, Diamond ...


The Influence Of Cultural Orientation, Alcohol Expectancies, And Self-Efficacy On Adolescent Drinking Behavior In China, Duane F. Shell, Ian M. Newman, Xiaoyi Fang Mar 2010

The Influence Of Cultural Orientation, Alcohol Expectancies, And Self-Efficacy On Adolescent Drinking Behavior In China, Duane F. Shell, Ian M. Newman, Xiaoyi Fang

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Objective: We hypothesized that the drinking behavior of adolescents in China is influenced by expectancies and self-efficacy and that adolescents’ cultural orientation towards western versus traditional Chinese values influences expectancies, self-efficacy and drinking behavior, with western values leading to more dysfunctional patterns of beliefs and drinking, and that these beliefs are influenced by students’ gender and school environment. Methods: A total of 1020 high school students from Beijing completed the Chinese Adolescent Alcohol Expectancy, the Chinese Cultural Orientation and the Chinese Self-regulation Self-efficacy questionnaires. Results: Results generally confirmed our hypotheses. Higher negative expectancies and higher self-efficacy reduced the likelihood of ...


Examining The Relationship Between The Overexcitabilities And Self-Concepts Of Gifted Adolescents Via Multivariate Cluster Analysis, Anne N. Rinn, Sal Mendaglio, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Kand S. Mcqueen Jan 2010

Examining The Relationship Between The Overexcitabilities And Self-Concepts Of Gifted Adolescents Via Multivariate Cluster Analysis, Anne N. Rinn, Sal Mendaglio, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Kand S. Mcqueen

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between gifted adolescents’ forms of overexcitabilities and selfconcepts. Clusters of adolescents were formed on the basis of their overexcitabilities, and these clusters of adolescents were then compared with regard to their self-concept scores. Gender differences were also examined. The sample consisted of 379 gifted adolescents, ranging in age from 11 to 16 years of age. Forms of overexcitabilities were measured using the Overexcitabilities Questionnaire–II, and various facets of self-concept were measured using the Self-Description Questionnaire–II. Using cluster analysis, multivariate analysis of variance, and chi-square analysis, results suggested a ...


Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (Ocd), Rhonda Turner, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Jan 2010

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (Ocd), Rhonda Turner, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Once thought to be rare, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is currently recognized as the fourth most common psychiatric disorder among adults, following only phobias, substance abuse and major depression. It has been estimated that 1 in 50 adults in the United States currently has OCD.

Covers epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment.


Bullying, Amanda B. Siebecker, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Jan 2010

Bullying, Amanda B. Siebecker, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Defines bullying: Bullying may be the most prevalent type of aggression experienced by school-aged youth. Bullying has been defined as any form of aggression in which one student or group of students repeatedly harasses a target (i.e., victim) verbally or physically. The three key components or characteristics of bullying behaviors are (1) the behavior is intended to harm, (2) the behavior occurs repeatedly over time, and (3) there is an imbalance of power.

Discusses prevalence, impact, gender differences, development, and ecological perspectives.

Concludes:Bullying is a complex phenomenon, which is adversely affecting the majority of school-aged youth. There are ...


School Violence, Jami Givens, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Jan 2010

School Violence, Jami Givens, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

A safe school is a school where the educational climate fosters a spirit of acceptance for all children. It is a place where students can learn and teachers can teach in an environment free of intimidation and fear of violence. Over the past decade, school shootings have increased anxieties about the safety of our schools. As a result of highly publicized acts of school violence in the media, national attention has recently focused on violence in public schools.

School violence is defined as any action or threat of action resulting in intimidation, coercion, physical harm, or personal injury. While estimates ...


Infant Temperament, Maternal Personality, And Parenting Stress As Contributors To Infant Developmental Outcomes, Victoria J. Molfese, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Jennifer L. Beswick, Jill L. Jacobi-Vessels, Melissa C. Ferguson, Jamie M. White Jan 2010

Infant Temperament, Maternal Personality, And Parenting Stress As Contributors To Infant Developmental Outcomes, Victoria J. Molfese, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Jennifer L. Beswick, Jill L. Jacobi-Vessels, Melissa C. Ferguson, Jamie M. White

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

This study examined contributions of maternal personality and infant temperament to infant vocabulary and cognitive development both directly and indirectly through parental stress. Participants were recruited at birth and included 63 infant twin pairs and their mothers. Assessments were completed at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months of age and included Dimensions of Temperament–Revised (maternal personality), Parenting Stress Index (parental stress), Infant Behavior Questionnaire–Revised (infant temperament), Bayley Scales of Infant Development II: Mental Development Index, and MacArthur-Bates Total Vocabulary. Structural equation modeling with a jackknife approach was used to analyze data separately for each twin in the pair ...


Rural Schools, Jody Lieske, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Jan 2010

Rural Schools, Jody Lieske, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Nearly one in three public school students in the United States attends school in a rural area. A rural area is defined as an area with a population of 25,000 people or fewer. Rural America has often been portrayed as an idealized life that involves intact families, close ties with neighbors, low crime levels, and relatively stress free in comparison to the fast paced life of those who reside in urban areas. Although many benefits of rural living hold true, many factors such as poverty, mental health problems, substance abuse, and limited access to services create a more accurate ...


What Can Be Done About School Bullying? Linking Research To Educational Practice, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Dorothy L. Espelage, Tracy Vaillancourt, Shelley Hymel Jan 2010

What Can Be Done About School Bullying? Linking Research To Educational Practice, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Dorothy L. Espelage, Tracy Vaillancourt, Shelley Hymel

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

In this article, the authors review research on individual, peer, and school contributions that may be critical factors for enhancing efforts to address bullying among students. Methodological challenges are delineated,with an emphasis on how bullying is defined and assessed and the subsequent implications for bullying prevention and intervention program evaluation. The impact of school-based anti-bullying programs and the challenges currently facing educators and researchers in this area are discussed. The article concludes with a proposal for a broader, ecologically based model of school bullying based on the emerging literature.


Childhood Depression, Kelly Brey Love, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Jan 2010

Childhood Depression, Kelly Brey Love, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

It has only been within the past two decades that the majority ofclinicians and researchers reached agreement that children can experience a depressive disorder. Initially, researchers believed children’s lack of psychosexual development prohibited development of depression in childhood.

There has also been disagreement regarding which symptomatology comprises childhood depression, and how it differs from depression in adults. Many clinicians and researchers shared the belief that depression in children was “masked” by other symptoms (e.g., aggression, enuresis, anxiety, among others). More recent research has identified and emphasized the similarities between depressive symptoms experienced by adults and children. Cohort data ...


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Cbt), Rhonda Turner, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Jan 2010

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Cbt), Rhonda Turner, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on the role of cognition in the expression of emotions and behaviors. CBT assumes that maladaptive feelings and behaviors develop through cognitive processes which evolve from interactions with others and experiences in the environment. The goal of therapy is to identify the maladaptive cognitive process and to learn new ways of perceiving and thinking about events. These new ways of thinking will lead to more positive behavioral and emotional responses.

CBT has rapidly increased in popularity over the last forty years. It enjoys strong empirical support, and the body ...


Safe Schools Policies: Necessary But Not Sufficient For Creating Positive School Environments For Lgbtq Students [Commentary], Susan M. Swearer Napolitano Jan 2010

Safe Schools Policies: Necessary But Not Sufficient For Creating Positive School Environments For Lgbtq Students [Commentary], Susan M. Swearer Napolitano

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

In this issue of Social Policy Report, authors Russell, Kosciw, Horn, and Saewyc review the research on LGBTQ youth and illuminate a fundamental challenge facing researchers, educators, students, families, and policymakers. They write that “homophobia and LGBTQ prejudice are daily experiences” and that the challenge facing educators is to “design supportive school climates that promote the positive development of LGBTQ and all students.” There exists in this country and in many countries around the world a huge gulf between acceptance of LGBTQ individuals and creating supportive school and work environments for all individuals. The reality is that in many communities ...


Zhong Guo Gao Zhong Sheng Yin Jiu Zhuang Kuang Yan Jiu De Hui Gu [Review Of Studies Of Chinese High School Students’ Drinking Behavior], Ian Newman, Ling Qian, Jianguo Zhang, Jie Zhao, Ying Zhang Dec 2009

Zhong Guo Gao Zhong Sheng Yin Jiu Zhuang Kuang Yan Jiu De Hui Gu [Review Of Studies Of Chinese High School Students’ Drinking Behavior], Ian Newman, Ling Qian, Jianguo Zhang, Jie Zhao, Ying Zhang

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

No abstract provided.


A World Without Adolescents, David Moshman Jun 2009

A World Without Adolescents, David Moshman

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Review of 1) Robert Epstein, The case against adolescence: Rediscovering the adult in every teen (Quill Driver Books, 2007), and 2) Roger J. R. Levesque, Adolescents, media, and the law: What developmental science reveals and free speech requires (Oxford University Press, 2007).

Robert Epstein believes American teens are in chaos. They drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, abuse a variety of other drugs, have eating disorders, contract sexual diseases, and get pregnant. They carry weapons, join gangs, and commit all manner of crimes. They partake of a mindless peer culture. They are angry, violent, depressed, and suicidal. Not all of them, of ...


Investigating The Comparability Of A Self-Report Measure Of Childhood Bullying Across Countries, Chiaki Konishi, Shelley Hymel, Bruno D. Zumbo, Zhen Li, Mitsuru Taki, Phillip Slee, Debra Pepler, Hee-Og Sim, Wendy Craig, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Keumjoo Kwak Mar 2009

Investigating The Comparability Of A Self-Report Measure Of Childhood Bullying Across Countries, Chiaki Konishi, Shelley Hymel, Bruno D. Zumbo, Zhen Li, Mitsuru Taki, Phillip Slee, Debra Pepler, Hee-Og Sim, Wendy Craig, Susan M. Swearer Napolitano, Keumjoo Kwak

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Abstract: Responding to international concerns regarding childhood bullying and a need to identify a common bullying measure, this study examines the comparability of children’s self-reports of bullying across five countries. The Pacific-Rim Bullying Measure, a self-report measure of students’ experiences with six different types of bullying behavior and victimization, was administered to 1,398 grade 5 students from Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea, and United States. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory modeling were used to evaluate construct equivalence on the measure across different countries. Preliminary results revealed some construct differences across countries, that is, the bullying measure ...


Parent Involvement As A Predictor Of Teacher–Child Relationship Quality In Third Grade, Amanda J. Wyrick, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill Jan 2009

Parent Involvement As A Predictor Of Teacher–Child Relationship Quality In Third Grade, Amanda J. Wyrick, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Research Findings: Research on teacher–child relationships is important, as the quality of this relationship is linked to numerous child outcomes in the areas of academic and social functioning. In addition, parent involvement has been identified as a significant factor in the successful development of a child. This study attempted to join these two lines of research by assessing the extent to which teacher–child relationship quality varies as a function of parent involvement. We used a sample of 894 third-grade children, mothers, and teachers from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child ...


Teacher–Child Relationship Quality: The Roles Of Child Temperament And Teacher–Child Interactions, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Sara E. Rimm-Kaufman Jan 2009

Teacher–Child Relationship Quality: The Roles Of Child Temperament And Teacher–Child Interactions, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Sara E. Rimm-Kaufman

Educational Psychology Papers and Publications

Young children’s relationships with teachers predict social and academic success. This study examines contributions of child temperament (shyness, effortful control) and gender to teacher–child relationship quality both directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher–child interactions in the classroom. Using an NICHD SECCYD sample of 819 first grade children, four findings emerged: (a) children’s shyness, effortful control, and gender contributed directly to teacher–child conflict and closeness; (b) children’s shyness contributed to the frequency of child-initiated teacher–child interactions, and children’s effortful control contributed to the frequency of teacher-initiated teacher–child interactions; (c) shyness ...