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Full-Text Articles in Education

Interaction, Student Satisfaction, And Teacher Time Investment In Online High School Courses, Chad A. Turley Dec 2018

Interaction, Student Satisfaction, And Teacher Time Investment In Online High School Courses, Chad A. Turley

All Theses and Dissertations

This case study explores what differences exist between two online course models by investigating the results of a student end-of-course evaluation survey and teacher communication logs in two online high school courses. The two course models were designed with different types and levels of interaction, one with high levels of student content interaction, the second with high levels of student-content and student-teacher interaction. The majority of research on interaction in online learning has been conducted with adult learners at the university level. There is far less literature focusing on K-12 online learning while investigating interaction, student satisfaction, and teacher time ...


Promoting Second Language Learning Through Oral Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication, Eric H. Young Dec 2018

Promoting Second Language Learning Through Oral Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication, Eric H. Young

All Theses and Dissertations

Learning to speak a foreign language (L2) can be a challenging feat, made all the more challenging when done in only 50 minute, daily increments in class. Oral asynchronous computer-mediated communication (ACMC) provides learners with opportunities to practice spoken communication and evaluate their practice outside the classroom. In this dissertation, I explore methods for classroom integration of oral ACMC, linguistic traits developed in previous oral ACMC studies, methods for determining the effectiveness of oral ACMC, learner beliefs about the effectiveness of oral ACMC activities, and the effects of learners' deliberate practice in a series of oral ACMC activities on 3 ...


Faculty Members' Lived Experiences With Open Educational Resources, M. Troy Martin Aug 2018

Faculty Members' Lived Experiences With Open Educational Resources, M. Troy Martin

All Theses and Dissertations

The cost of textbooks has continued to increase, and the financial effect on students in higher education is significant. Numerous studies have been done to learn more about student and faculty perceptions toward Open Educational Resources (OER) use. Recent studies confirm that most instructors would use OER in order to alleviate the financial burden placed on students; however, OER adoption rates do not reflect this belief. In my study I sought to better understand what instructors experience when they search for OER. In this phenomenological study, I interviewed faculty who expressed a desire to use OER and to capture their ...


Current State Of Online Teaching Evaluation Processes In Post-Secondary Institutions, Jon E. Thomas Jul 2018

Current State Of Online Teaching Evaluation Processes In Post-Secondary Institutions, Jon E. Thomas

All Theses and Dissertations

This is a multi-article dissertation that seeks to address the current state of online teaching evaluation processes in post-secondary institutions. The last two decades have seen a dramatic increase in enrollment in online courses at post-secondary institutions. Unfortunately, evaluating online instructors has been a neglected field of research leaving many post-secondary institutions to develop their own evaluation systems. A deeper analysis of the current practices of online instructor evaluation will help administrators to strengthen their evaluation processes, thereby providing more effective online teaching. The first article is a literature review that explores common practices of post-secondary institutions. By performing an ...


The Moral Realism Of Student Question-Asking In Classroom Practice, Susan Peterson Gong Jun 2018

The Moral Realism Of Student Question-Asking In Classroom Practice, Susan Peterson Gong

All Theses and Dissertations

Question-asking has long been an integral part of human learning. In scholarly investigations over the past several decades, questions have been studied in terms of the answers they generate, their grammatical structure, their cognitive functions, their logical content, and their social dynamics. Studies of student classroom questioning have focused on science education and reading instruction particularly; they detail the reasons why students don't ask questions and explore a plethora of recommendations about teaching students how to question. This qualitative study addressed question-asking from a hermeneutic moral realist perspective, studying question-asking as it unfolded in the everyday practice of learning ...


Agile Development In Instructional Design: A Case Study At Byu Independent Study, Alyssa Jean Erickson Apr 2018

Agile Development In Instructional Design: A Case Study At Byu Independent Study, Alyssa Jean Erickson

All Theses and Dissertations

Agile development is a software development methodology that originated in 2001 (Beck, et al.). It has since gained wide recognition and use in the software industry, and is characterized by iterative development cycles. Organizations outside of the software industry are also finding ways to adapt Agile development to their contexts. BYU Independent Study (BYUIS) is an online education program at Brigham Young University that provides online courses at the high school and university levels. In April 2016, BYUIS implemented the Agile development process to the design and development of online courses. This thesis is a case study that looks specifically ...


Authentic Purposeful Design Within Moral Spaces Of Teaching At Byu, Thomas Lane Ferrin Apr 2018

Authentic Purposeful Design Within Moral Spaces Of Teaching At Byu, Thomas Lane Ferrin

All Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an exploration of the role of a new course design method in the teaching practice of faculty at Brigham Young University (BYU). This method, used by teaching and learning consultants at BYU, is termed authentic purposeful design. It encourages faculty to succinctly define what their course will help students become, use principles of backward design to align all course elements to that purpose, and teach the course with its core purpose in mind. The course design and teaching methods of 3 faculty members who used authentic purposeful design were studied using a qualitative research approach. Themes emerged ...


Keystroke Dynamics: Utilizing Keyprint Biometrics To Identify Users In Online Courses, Jay Richards Young Feb 2018

Keystroke Dynamics: Utilizing Keyprint Biometrics To Identify Users In Online Courses, Jay Richards Young

All Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the potential use of keystroke dynamics to create keyprints (typing fingerprints) to authenticate individuals in online assessment situations. The implications of this study are best understood in terms of the keystroke behavioral biometric. While previous studies considered the degree to which keystroke typing patterns are unique, this study was set up to determine how well keyprints are able to identify individuals when typing under various treatment conditions (copy typing, free typing, and typing with mild or moderate impediments). While authentication can be difficult when attempting to correctly identify individual users, the results of this study indicate that ...


The Effects Of Incomplete Rating Designs On Results From Many-Facets-Rasch Model Analyses, Mary R. Mcewen Feb 2018

The Effects Of Incomplete Rating Designs On Results From Many-Facets-Rasch Model Analyses, Mary R. Mcewen

All Theses and Dissertations

A rating design is a pre-specified plan for collecting ratings. The best design for a rater-mediated assessment both psychometrically and from the perspective of fairness is a fully-crossed design in which all objects are rated by all raters. An incomplete rating design is one in which all objects are not rated by all raters, instead each object is rated by an assigned subset of raters usually to reduce the time and/or cost of the assessment. Human raters have varying propensities to rate severely or leniently. One method of compensating for rater severity is the many-facets Rasch model (MFRM). However ...


Using Dr. Scratch As A Formative Feedback Tool To Assess Computational Thinking, Samuel Frank Browning Dec 2017

Using Dr. Scratch As A Formative Feedback Tool To Assess Computational Thinking, Samuel Frank Browning

All Theses and Dissertations

Scratch is one of the most popular ways to teach younger children to code in K–8 throughout the U.S. and Europe. Despite its popularity, Scratch lacks a formative feedback tool to inform students and teachers of a student's progress in coding ability. Dr. Scratch was built to fill this need. This study seeks to answer if using Dr. Scratch as a formative feedback tool accelerates the students' progress in coding ability and Computational Thinking (CT). Forty-one 4th-6th grade students participated in a 1-hour/week Scratch workshop for nine weeks. We measured pre- and posttest results of the ...


Emotional And Cognitive Engagement In Higher Education Classrooms, Kristine C. Manwaring Dec 2017

Emotional And Cognitive Engagement In Higher Education Classrooms, Kristine C. Manwaring

All Theses and Dissertations

This is a multi-article format dissertation that explores emotional and cognitive engagement in higher education classrooms. Student engagement in higher education classrooms has been associated with desired outcomes such as academic achievement, retention, and graduation. Student engagement is a multi-faceted concept, consisting of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive components. A deeper understanding of how these components interact would allow instructors and course designers to facilitate more engaging learning experiences for students. The first article is an extended literature review that investigates the extant empirical research on the relationship between emotional and cognitive engagement, and between emotional engagement and academic outcomes in ...


Utility Of Feedback Given By Students During Courses, Michael Alton Atkisson Jul 2017

Utility Of Feedback Given By Students During Courses, Michael Alton Atkisson

All Theses and Dissertations

This two-article dissertation summarizes the end-of-course survey and formative feedback literatures, as well as proposes actionability as a useful construct in the analysis of feedback from students captured in real-time during their courses. The present inquiry grew out of my work as the founder of DropThought Education, a Division of DropThought. DropThought Education was a student feedback system that helped instructional designers, instructors, and educational systems to use feedback from students to improve learning and student experience. To find out whether the DropThought style of feedback was more effective than other forms of capturing and analyzing student feedback, I needed ...


Perceived Effects Of Open Textbook Usage On Secondary Science Classroom Practice, Stacie Lee Mason Jul 2017

Perceived Effects Of Open Textbook Usage On Secondary Science Classroom Practice, Stacie Lee Mason

All Theses and Dissertations

Open Educational Resources (OER) provide openly licensed alternatives to commercial instructional materials. Proponents of K-12 OER suggest that their benefits include cost savings, increased access, improved quality, and increased teacher professionalism or empowerment. While the small body of K-12 OER research is growing, perceived benefits of K-12 OER usage have not yet been proven. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand whether certain potential benefits were being realized by a group of secondary teachers using open science textbooks. In surveys and interviews, teachers were asked to describe their classroom practice before and after adopting an open textbook, including ...


Current Patterns Of Ownership And Usage Of Mobile Technology In Older Adults, Karen E. Cottle Jul 2017

Current Patterns Of Ownership And Usage Of Mobile Technology In Older Adults, Karen E. Cottle

All Theses and Dissertations

The older generation is growing at a rate surpassed only by the speed at which mobile technology is advancing. Technology has become so ubiquitous in daily life, that most older people have done their best to adopt it. The purpose of this study was to explore the older adult (>50 yrs.) learner's everyday approach to and regard for mobile technology. Paper surveys were distributed by hand to four geographically diverse audiences. Each audience was composed of a minimum of 20 adult learners of each gender across three age groups, accounting for 160 individual older adults in all. Returned survey ...


Student Participation In The Distribution Of Instructional Leadership, Janeel M. Juncker Jun 2017

Student Participation In The Distribution Of Instructional Leadership, Janeel M. Juncker

All Theses and Dissertations

This explorative study offers much needed perspective on students' role and development as instructional leaders (Halverson & Clifford, 2013) through answering the following questions: (a) How can students be involved in distributions of instructional leadership in a studio learning environment; (b) What is the value of their contribution; and (c) What patterns of distributed instructional leadership (DIL) facilitate student involvement? I chose an animation studio at a large western university for the setting, on account of its collective-leadership structure involving students. I randomly sampled a pre-recorded data set of participants' studio interactions and participant interviews to use for the study; participants involved students, faculty, and industry mentors involved in studio productions during qualitative data collection of studio interactions.My method of data analysis involved ...


Exploring Concerns Of K-12 Online Educators, Tadd Spencer Farmer Jun 2017

Exploring Concerns Of K-12 Online Educators, Tadd Spencer Farmer

All Theses and Dissertations

Although a relatively small number of K-12 students are currently enrolled in online classes, the dramatic growth in online enrollments in recent years suggests that online education will play a significant role in the future landscape of public education. While our understanding of online teaching and learning continues to grow, relatively little is known about the experiences of teachers as they engage in online teaching. In particular, very little is known about the concerns of teachers as they navigate their teaching roles and responsibilities in an online teaching environment. Using an interpretative phenomenological analysis approach, this qualitative study explored the ...


Online Students' Perceptions And Utilization Of A Proximate Community Of Engagement At An Online Independent Study Program, Darin Reed Oviatt Apr 2017

Online Students' Perceptions And Utilization Of A Proximate Community Of Engagement At An Online Independent Study Program, Darin Reed Oviatt

All Theses and Dissertations

Distance learning has provided solutions for students for more than a century. Students access distance learning due to issues with access, credit recovery need, or need for flexibility in location, time, pace, or duration of instruction. Recent advances in technology and instructional designs allow more interactive and synchronous instruction. Researchers suggest that designs using collaborative-constructivist approaches result in deeper learning and increased student satisfaction. Such courses implement theories based on interactions, creation of communities, and learner-centered design. The increase in online curriculum offered and, in some cases, required for K-12 students indicates a need to consider learning characteristics of adolescent ...


The Dynamics Of Social Media Interaction In A Free-Choice Religious Education Experience, Scott C. Woodward Apr 2017

The Dynamics Of Social Media Interaction In A Free-Choice Religious Education Experience, Scott C. Woodward

All Theses and Dissertations

This Grounded Theory study explores how the use of social media influenced the dynamics of interaction in a free-choice religious education experience between a world religious leader and young adult learners. Results indicate that social media (a) enhanced proxy group interaction due to the increased visibility of leader-learner interactions to the entire group and the ability of learners to comment on, like, mention other learners, and share leader-learner interactions; (b) enabled active non-verbal interaction which allowed for social curation, peer validation, community reaction, and the non-verbal pushing of posts into the social media streams of those not participating in the ...


A Social Influences Framework Related To College Student Learning Failures, Keith R. Proctor Apr 2017

A Social Influences Framework Related To College Student Learning Failures, Keith R. Proctor

All Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explored ways that college students reflectively described the social influences related to their learning failures. This exploration was conducted using semi-structured interviews and Stake's multiple case analysis method. The findings from the interviews were used to develop a framework that describes the key social influence attributes of the learning failure experiences. The key attributes of the framework include: (a) roles, (b) context, and (c) phases. Each key attribute is discussed in detail. The framework serves as the means for exploring several related strands of research related to learning failure in a cohesive way, potentially enriching our understanding ...


Task-Level Feedback In Interactive Learning Enivonments Using A Rules Based Grading Engine, John Shadrack Chapman Dec 2016

Task-Level Feedback In Interactive Learning Enivonments Using A Rules Based Grading Engine, John Shadrack Chapman

All Theses and Dissertations

In order to improve the feedback an intelligent tutoring system provides, the grading engine needs to do more than simply indicate whether a student gives a correct answer or not. Good feedback must provide actionable information with diagnostic value. This means the grading system must be able to determine what knowledge gap or misconception may have caused the student to answer a question incorrectly. This research evaluated the quality of a rules-based grading engine in an automated online homework system by comparing grading engine scores with manually graded scores. The research sought to improve the grading engine by assessing student ...


Teachers' Adoption Of Learner-Centered Technology, Melissa C. Warr Oct 2016

Teachers' Adoption Of Learner-Centered Technology, Melissa C. Warr

All Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, I describe research on teachers' experiences with learner-centered technology. Specifically, this research investigated teachers' experiences with adoption of the learner-centered tools available from Imagine Learning, an online elementary school literacy program. This thesis includes an extended literature review describing learner-centered classrooms, technology integration, and models of technology adoption, followed by a journal-ready article that describes teachers' experiences throughout the process of adopting Imagine Learning. Finally, I provide a description my experiences throughout this project as well as a proposal for future areas of study.


Learner Agency And Responsibility In Educational Technology, Michael Thomas Matthews Sep 2016

Learner Agency And Responsibility In Educational Technology, Michael Thomas Matthews

All Theses and Dissertations

Though the topic of learner agency has received relatively little discussion in the literature of educational technology, it is nevertheless a significant and actually omnipresent concern of both scholars and practitioners. Through the journal-ready articles contained herein, I show how theories of learning and certain practices of instructional designers reflect implicit positions on the agency of learners. I also discuss agency in more concrete terms as the responsibility for learning that is shared with learners in instructional design contexts. In addition, I provide practical suggestions to help designers keep the learner at the forefront of their design thinking. Through this ...


Conceptualizing Blended Learning Engagement, Lisa R. Halverson Jul 2016

Conceptualizing Blended Learning Engagement, Lisa R. Halverson

All Theses and Dissertations

Learner engagement, or the involvement of the student's cognitive and emotional energy to accomplish a learning task, has been called "the holy grail of learning" (Sinatra, Heddy, & Lombardi, 2015, p. 1) because of its correlations to academic achievement, persistence, and satisfaction. In the 21st century, learning will be increasingly "blended," combining face-to-face with computer-mediated instruction. Research is already exploring learner engagement in blended contexts, but no theoretical framework guides inquiry or practice. Developing models and measures of the factors that facilitate learner engagement is important to the advancement of the domain. This multiple-article format dissertation addresses the theoretical gap ...


Preparation For Online K-12 Teachers, Laura Anne Mcallister Jul 2016

Preparation For Online K-12 Teachers, Laura Anne Mcallister

All Theses and Dissertations

This study examined existing K-12 online teacher preparation programs in the United States to ascertain the degree to which teachers are prepared to function in online/blended classroom learning environments. This study used a content analysis approach. Research specifically targeted online teacher preparation programs implemented in institutions of higher education. The researcher collected data from state offices of education and institution deans through email surveys inquiring about the existence and capacity of K-12 online teaching endorsements, course descriptions and other course documents.


Group Flow In The Byu Animation Studio, Jana Lynn Duncan Jul 2016

Group Flow In The Byu Animation Studio, Jana Lynn Duncan

All Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation encompasses three articles concerning Sawyer's (2007) theory of group flow in the context of higher education, including a literature review, and two interpretive studies. In the literature review and in the first interpretive research article, the results of the research illuminated the applicability of themes of group flow in collaborative settings in higher education in themes of vision, ownership and contribution, and communication. The final article provides a description of the roles of student lead and professor in this environment and the unique ways that they may have encouraged those themes in the studio. The context for ...


Developmental Math Students' Calibrated Judgments Of Learning, Brian Lindley Jones Jul 2016

Developmental Math Students' Calibrated Judgments Of Learning, Brian Lindley Jones

All Theses and Dissertations

Calibrated Judgments of Learning (CJOL) represent the degree to which students' judgments of learning (JOL) relate to their actual learning. Although a substantial amount of research has been conducted on calibration and JOL in various domains of psychology, only a growing number of studies have begun to address the use of CJOL in applied educational settings. This study investigated the use of CJOL in university developmental math courses. Study participants included 185 men and 100 women with ages ranging from 18 to 61 years (M = 23.48, SD = 5.95). Study results indicate that these developmental math students were fairly ...


Using Transaction-Level Data In Online Assessment, Robert Scott Nyland Jun 2016

Using Transaction-Level Data In Online Assessment, Robert Scott Nyland

All Theses and Dissertations

This article format dissertation explores the benefits of using detailed forms of assessment to enable feedback in educational contexts, and includes three separate, yet related articles. In the first article, I reviewed the current state of educational research in using online learning tools that collect detailed data regarding student learning. The article examined the type of data being collected, the way that these data are processed, and how the results are presented to instructors and students as feedback. In the second article, I describe a special case of these detailed forms of assessment in an Introduction to Microsoft Excel class ...


Measuring Student Engagement In Technology-Mediated Learning Environments, Curtis R. Henrie May 2016

Measuring Student Engagement In Technology-Mediated Learning Environments, Curtis R. Henrie

All Theses and Dissertations

This is a multiple-article format dissertation that explores methods for measuring student engagement in technology-mediated learning experiences. Student engagement is the committed, focused, and energetic involvement of students in learning. Student engagement is correlated with academic performance, student satisfaction, and persistence in learning, making it a valuable predictor of important learning outcomes. In order to identify which students need help or to evaluate how well an instructional interaction promotes student engagement, we need effective measures of student engagement. These measures should be scalable, cost effective, and minimally disruptive to learning. This dissertation examines different approaches to measure student engagement in ...


Empathy And The Instructional Designer, Gregory Spencer Williams Mar 2016

Empathy And The Instructional Designer, Gregory Spencer Williams

All Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand how instructional designers define empathy in the context of instructional design technology and how empathy was manifest in their daily work. Through a series of in-depth interviews with six designers, three definitions of empathy emerged including caring for the learner, referencing personal experience in service of the learner, and taking on somebody else's viewpoint. Additionally, analysis of empathy in participants' daily work resulted in six themes: personal experience, metacognition or self-awareness, project management constraints, multiple stakeholders, practical processes and traditional learner analysis, and navigating learner goals and motivation. Several complexities regarding ...


Learning To Become: An Exploration Of Transformative Faculty Development, Elizabeth Wilkins Dec 2015

Learning To Become: An Exploration Of Transformative Faculty Development, Elizabeth Wilkins

All Theses and Dissertations

This multi-article dissertation explores the experience of becoming a professor who effectively facilitates students' identity formation. While the growing body of literature on student transformation suggests that faculty must transform themselves to authentically invite change in others, little research has been done on helping professors become mentors who facilitate students' movement toward their potential for meaningful contribution. To address this gap, this dissertation suggests a framework to facilitate transformative faculty development based on a review of the literature on learning as a process of becoming (Article #1). The major components of this framework are (a) facilitating meaningful engagement in communities ...