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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Relationship Between Academic Motivation And Parenting Styles In Multiple Socioeconomic Status Areas, Stephanie Rubin May 2017

The Relationship Between Academic Motivation And Parenting Styles In Multiple Socioeconomic Status Areas, Stephanie Rubin

Theses and Dissertations

Academic motivation is an important topic that has been discussed in hopes to increase the levels within students, especially during college. Many factors can influence academic motivation, including the student's perceived parenting style and socioeconomic status. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between undergraduate student's academic motivation and perceived parenting style as well as the relationship between academic motivation and socioeconomic status of the student. An anonymous survey was given to undergraduate students through Rowan University's SONA system. Bivariate correlational tests, one-way ANOVA tests, and Post-Hoc tests in SPSS were used to determine ...


Students' Lived Experiences Of The Realization Of Academic Wrongness (Raw), Dana Carol Kemery Dec 2016

Students' Lived Experiences Of The Realization Of Academic Wrongness (Raw), Dana Carol Kemery

Theses and Dissertations

Being wrong is a common phenomenon for students in academic environments; however this phenomenon has yet to be described from the student perspective. The purpose of this phenomenologic inquiry is to describe the realization of academic wrongness (RAW) as experienced by senior level nursing students during a high stakes testing period. Observations, class documents, communications, and semi-structured interviews were collected to gain a full description for the realization of academic wrongness within context and as this phenomenon unfolded for the students. The data were analyzed using Moustakas (1994) 7 step phenomenological process. Fourteen invariant constituents emerged during data analysis which ...


College Students' Facebook Posts And Locus Of Control, Rachel M. Hartnett Jun 2016

College Students' Facebook Posts And Locus Of Control, Rachel M. Hartnett

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between college students' Facebook posts and external locus of control. The primary purpose of this study is to determine if the type, frequency or number of “likes” of a Facebook post will correlate to an external locus of control. Facebook has been in use for over a decade and has over a billion users worldwide. Previous studies have researched the amount of time on Facebook and activity of users; however, this study will add to the growing number of studies on social media and examine the one particular activity of ...


School Readiness In Urban Communities, Cree Brooks May 2016

School Readiness In Urban Communities, Cree Brooks

Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this exploratory investigation were to (a) ascertain school readiness influences of young children ages birth to three in the New Jersey Early Intervention System, (b) to analyze race and ethnicity trends of the children within the program, (c) and to see if individual race/ethnicity played a role in children’s school readiness. Publicly available data from the Department of Health/Division of Family Health Services / Early Intervention System was used to analyze two New Jersey counties, Camden County and Somerset County, and to identify amount of school readiness in early intervention results reported from 2013 to ...


The Effects Of Social Media Use In Undergraduate Students, Tara Heffner May 2016

The Effects Of Social Media Use In Undergraduate Students, Tara Heffner

Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to see how social media use by undergraduate students affects their academics as well as their social life in college. Participants consisted of undergraduate students at Rowan University aged 18 and older (n=116). In order to obtain data on this topic, students were asked to participate via online survey. Students expressed what types of social media they use, such as Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and SnapChat. They were also asked how much time they spend on social media, their current GPA (grade point average) and whether their GPA has increased or decreased due to ...


Gender Differences In Bullying And Perceptions Of Bullying, Melanie S. Brzezinski May 2016

Gender Differences In Bullying And Perceptions Of Bullying, Melanie S. Brzezinski

Theses and Dissertations

Bullying is a prevalent and ongoing problem in all schools from elementary school on through college. Previous research has shown that rates of bullying have been on the rise in recent years. High rates of bullying should not be ignored as involvement in bullying can lead to long-lasting, negative effects. To decrease or prevent bullying, anti-bullying methods should consider all potential factors. An important factor in bullying research is the influence of gender on one’s overall bullying experience. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether or not there is a difference in the bullying rates and ...


Evaluation Of Positive Behavior Support Systems As It Relates To Teacher Satisfaction, Shawna Lyn Mulford Apr 2016

Evaluation Of Positive Behavior Support Systems As It Relates To Teacher Satisfaction, Shawna Lyn Mulford

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine if a significant difference exists among the job satisfaction levels of teachers working at schools in New Jersey with a Positive Behavior Support/School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PBS/SWPBS) program approved by the New Jersey Positive Behavior Support in Schools (NJPBSIS), when compared to teachers working at schools in New Jersey without a PBS/SWPBS program. In 2012, a dissertation study conducted a survey of teacher morale and job satisfaction, which provided data sets used in this study. The sample data set is comprised of 542 surveys (n=542), with 22 surveys ...


The Presence Of Tranquil Sounds In Relation To Augmented Focus And Concentration, Jennifer L. West Jul 2009

The Presence Of Tranquil Sounds In Relation To Augmented Focus And Concentration, Jennifer L. West

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to determine if the presence of tranquil sounds created augmented focus and concentration among undergraduate college students, who prefer silent learning environments. Participants were randomly selected from an undergraduate pool of students from a northeastern college in the United States. Student's focus and concentration was assessed using the Personal Emotion Survey and Personal Habits Survey. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the scores of those who prefer silent or prefer sounds in the environment to their scores on the Personal Emotional Survey. As we have found from past studies, music plays an ...


Facilitating Communication In A Developmentally Delayed Child, Ryan Finlay Jun 2009

Facilitating Communication In A Developmentally Delayed Child, Ryan Finlay

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was an attempt to facilitate the communicative capabilities of a developmentally delayed child. Specifically, the target goal was to have the student mand (request) the word "juice." Aspects of four intervention techniques were implemented. The four techniques included; Easy Does it for Articulation : An Oral Motor Approach, Total Communication (TC), Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC), and Verbal Behavior Analysis (VBA). The participant was a 7 year old developmentally delayed female student at a small school for special services in southern New Jersey. The study was conducted in five phases. Data was collected during the second ...


An Exploration Of Obesity: Childhood Onset Obesity And Adult Onset Obesity, S. Shahed Hasheminejad May 2009

An Exploration Of Obesity: Childhood Onset Obesity And Adult Onset Obesity, S. Shahed Hasheminejad

Theses and Dissertations

The prevalence of obesity in the United States can be considered alarming, given its dramatic increase over the past twenty years. A large percentage of the obese population suffers from both medical and psychological side effects. This study focused on how non-obese and obese individuals perceive one's own body. Based on research, it was hypothesized that obese individuals are more likely than non-obese individuals to perceive one's body negatively. It was also hypothesized that obese individuals who suffer from childhood onset obesity as opposed to adult onset obesity are more likely to perceive one's body negatively. Participants ...


Childhood Temperament And Its Effects On Adjustment To College, Ashley L. Prim May 2009

Childhood Temperament And Its Effects On Adjustment To College, Ashley L. Prim

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether temperaments seen in early childhood would have an effect on adjustment throughout life, especially during adjustment to college. Specifically, the researcher hypothesized that children with easy temperaments would have an easier time adjusting to college; whereas, children with slow-to-warm-up or difficult temperaments would have a more difficult time adjusting to college. A self-created survey was distributed to 30 undergraduate psychology students at Rowan University. The survey consisted of temperament and adjustment measures. Correlations were run using SPSS in order to determine the effects of temperament on adjustment to college. While the ...


Determining Whether The Age Children Enter Kindergarten Affects Academic And Social Development, Adrienne Sarosky May 2009

Determining Whether The Age Children Enter Kindergarten Affects Academic And Social Development, Adrienne Sarosky

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the age children enter kindergarten has an effect on their behavior and academic and social development. This study examined age eligible children with summer birthdays who delayed kindergarten entry by one year and age eligible children with summer birthdays who started kindergarten on-time. It was hypothesized that the older kindergarten students or age eligible children who delayed kindergarten entry would perform better academically, have better social skills, and have less problem behaviors. The Social Skills Improvement System (SSIS) Rating Scale was used for this study. The SSIS assessed academic competence, social ...


Teacher Personality: Does It Influence Effectiveness And Student Achievement In The Classroom?, Meghan A. Garrett May 2009

Teacher Personality: Does It Influence Effectiveness And Student Achievement In The Classroom?, Meghan A. Garrett

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to learn more about how teacher personality affects teacher efficacy and student academic success in the elementary school setting. The researcher hypothesized that: a) students in classrooms with more extraverted teachers would have higher grades in reading and math than those students in classrooms with more introverted teachers and b) more extraverted teachers would score higher on a self-report inventory of teacher effectiveness than more introverted teachers. Participants' scores on the Extraversion Scale of Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) were correlated with composite scores of students' grades and answers on a self-evaluation of effectiveness. Pearson ...


The Effects Of Supplemental Educational Services On Student Achievement, Regina F. Miller May 2009

The Effects Of Supplemental Educational Services On Student Achievement, Regina F. Miller

Theses and Dissertations

Supplemental educational services (SES) are a core component of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) that provide free academic assistance in reading, language arts and mathematics for eligible students. Supplemental educational services include tutoring and other educational interventions that align with the state's academic content standards provided outside of the regular school day. Despite four years of supplemental services educational and millions of dollars spent, little is known about the effects of SES on student achievement. This study hypothesized that after the sixth month of SES tutoring, students in the experimental group would achieve higher scores ...


Using Art To Teach Problem-Solving And Other Social Skills: The Effectiveness Of The Rate Program, Jessica Anne Masino Drass May 2009

Using Art To Teach Problem-Solving And Other Social Skills: The Effectiveness Of The Rate Program, Jessica Anne Masino Drass

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of an after-school art program for at risk adolescents. The RATE Program is designed to give at-risk students a place where they can express their emotions in a positive way. Through various art activities, such as working together to design and paint a mural for the school, the students will learn problem solving and social skills. All of the adolescents who participated in the RATE Program were students at a rural regional high school in Southern New Jersey. Five students total attended the RATE Program regularly, ranging in age from ...


The Prevalence Of Substance Abuse In Adolescents With A Mental Illness And The Efficacy Of On-Going Psychiatric Treatment, Kristin Short-Giles May 2009

The Prevalence Of Substance Abuse In Adolescents With A Mental Illness And The Efficacy Of On-Going Psychiatric Treatment, Kristin Short-Giles

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to research adolescents with a mental illness and their substance use. The study compared adolescents receiving ongoing psychiatric treatment to those without treatment and their current substance use. In reference to this study, ongoing psychiatric treatment included outpatient counseling and psychiatric medications. It was hypothesized that the adolescents who were receiving ongoing psychiatric treatment, whether it was out-patient counseling or psychiatric medications, were less likely to use substances compared to their peers who received zero psychiatric treatment. It was also hypothesized that the females in the study were less likely to substance use compared ...


Correlations Of Preschool Attendance And Child Study Team Classifications, Joanellen P. Fenimore May 2009

Correlations Of Preschool Attendance And Child Study Team Classifications, Joanellen P. Fenimore

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to explore possible relationships between children attending preschool and the Child Study Team classifications. Specifically, this researcher hypothesized that children who did not attend any form of preschool before entering Kindergarten were classified at a higher rate than those children who did receive a preschool education. There were a total of 55 participants; there were 28 male and 27 female participants. Students from the psychology pool and at the Academic Success Center at Rowan University were given questionnaires about their preschool attendance, child study team involvement, and their background. Students at the Academic Success ...


An Investigation Of Teachers' Perceptions Of School Psychologists, Noelle Bisinger May 2009

An Investigation Of Teachers' Perceptions Of School Psychologists, Noelle Bisinger

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate public school teachers' general knowledge and perceptions of school psychologists. This research examined 144 Kindergarten to 12th grade teachers' familiarity and interaction with school psychologists. Self-reported measures of school psychologists' helpfulness, performance, and general knowledge of school psychologists' duties and responsibilities were evaluated. Information pertaining to teachers' specialization, employment history, student population characteristics, and school size were also considered. It was hypothesized that years of teaching experience, teacher type (whether special or general education), and school population size would effect the ratings of school psychologists on all three subscales. A few significant ...


Medication's Effect On Classified Students' Self-Esteem And Academic Performance, Rachel S. Grizer May 2009

Medication's Effect On Classified Students' Self-Esteem And Academic Performance, Rachel S. Grizer

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine how medication affects self-esteem and academic performance in classified students. This study intended to focus on various disorders found in childhood to allow for an understanding of the effects of medication on self-esteem and academic performance in general. Specifically, it was hypothesized that children who receive medication for a disorder would have higher self-esteem and superior academic performance compared to children who do not receive medication. The self-concept scores from previously administered Beck Youth Inventories (BYI) and average academic grades were obtained from 50 students, 25 medicated and 25 not medicated, enrolled ...


Exploring Play Attention, Brett Hoyt May 2009

Exploring Play Attention, Brett Hoyt

Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the Play Attention neurofeedback computer program to determine its efficacy in the classroom. A program that would increase students' ability to pay better attention in the classroom would vastly improve our entire educational system. The two areas that were used to determine the effectiveness of the program were improved task performance and the ability to follow directions the first time they are given. Daily progress reports of twenty different students were compared to each other over a six month period. There were ten students in the experimental group and ten students in the control group. There ...


Differences In The Effects Of Social Stories In Children With Autism And Asperger's Syndrome, Stephanie S. Mead May 2009

Differences In The Effects Of Social Stories In Children With Autism And Asperger's Syndrome, Stephanie S. Mead

Theses and Dissertations

The differences in effects of a Social Story intervention were measured between children with Autism and children with Asperger's Syndrome. Social initiation was the dependent variable that was measured during an ABA reversal research design. The overall effect of the Social Story intervention of the whole group was analyzed by a one sample t-test. A t-test of two independent samples was used to evaluate whether or not a significant difference existed between the Autism group and the Asperger's Syndrome group in all three conditions. Results indicated that there was no significant difference in social initiation for the whole ...


Anxiety And Birth Order: Does Birth Order Play A Role In A Child's Anxiety Level?, Tarah R. Pearson May 2009

Anxiety And Birth Order: Does Birth Order Play A Role In A Child's Anxiety Level?, Tarah R. Pearson

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to see if there is an interaction between anxiety levels and birth order. It was hypothesized that the first-born child would have a higher level of total anxiety than a non-first born child. It was also hypothesized that females would have an overall higher level of anxiety than males. The Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale 2nd Edition, which was used to measure the different subtests of anxiety, tested for specific types of anxiety: total anxiety, worrying, social anxiety, physiological anxiety, and defensiveness. It was hypothesized that females would feel a higher level ...


Pre-Service Teachers' Attitudes Toward The Use Of Inclusive Classrooms, Lee E. Phillips May 2009

Pre-Service Teachers' Attitudes Toward The Use Of Inclusive Classrooms, Lee E. Phillips

Theses and Dissertations

Inclusion in today's classrooms is, on the most part, widely accepted as an appropriate placement for students with differing arrays of disabilities. Although inclusion is often mandated by law, general education teachers more often do not have the proper training or positive attitudes toward its use. This study looks for specific characteristics, traits or differences from those who have negative attitudes or positive attitudes toward inclusionary classrooms in the next generation of teachers. The main hypothesis is pre-service educators will have more positive attitudes after taking the Human Exceptionality class. Finally, implications are made regarding the kind of training ...


Academic Procrastination Among Graduate Vs. Undergraduate Students And Differences In The Experience Of Affective And Cognitive Factors, Richard Crowder May 2008

Academic Procrastination Among Graduate Vs. Undergraduate Students And Differences In The Experience Of Affective And Cognitive Factors, Richard Crowder

Theses and Dissertations

While not completely understood, the issue of procrastination is well known to the education field, and has been shown to be a significant problem affecting the academic achievement of college students. Research has examined the effects of procrastination across a variety of populations. However, research in the area of procrastination in relation to outcomes in graduate students compared to undergraduate students is lacking. Similarly, there is conflicting evidence as to whether academic procrastination results in lower grade point averages in college students, or whether differences exist in relation to gender and procrastination. Further, research is limited in the area of ...


Relationships Between Reading Habits And The Development Of Study Skills, Shawn Gilroy May 2008

Relationships Between Reading Habits And The Development Of Study Skills, Shawn Gilroy

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not reading habits have an effect on the development of study habits in an undergraduate population (n=100). Students reported several aspects of both reading and study skills being elevated along with higher rates of reading habits. Correlational analysis of Text Preview, Perceived Difficulty, Understanding, Concentration, Listening & Taking Notes and Motivation with reported Reading Habits revealed significant correlations. Student implications for reading intervention and application are discussed.


The Influence Of Perceived Task Difficulty On Task Performance, Dominick Scasserra May 2008

The Influence Of Perceived Task Difficulty On Task Performance, Dominick Scasserra

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence that the perceived difficulty of a task has on task performance. Twenty-one undergraduate college students were asked to complete three anagram worksheets. Each worksheet had a different description of difficulty (easy, medium, hard), although all worksheets were of the same difficulty. Participants self-reported amounts of anxiety, effort, perceived competence, and task difficulty after each worksheet. A repeated measures ANOVA showed a significant linear effect for perceived difficulty on task performance (F(1) = 10.42, p<0.05) , and paired-samples t-tests showed that participants had significantly more successful responses on the easy (M = 4.67, SD = 1.11) and medium (M = 4.48, SD = 1.37) worksheets than on the hard worksheet (M = 3.43, SD = 1.99), and self reported ratings of perceived competence were higher for the easy difficulty (M = 4.67, SD = 1.65) than hard (M = 3.57, SD = 2.16) difficulty. These findings and directions for future research are discussed.


Religiosity And Well-Being: Meaning In Life As Coping Strategy In Korean-American Judeo-Christian Adolescents, Stephen M. Kang May 2008

Religiosity And Well-Being: Meaning In Life As Coping Strategy In Korean-American Judeo-Christian Adolescents, Stephen M. Kang

Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this exploratory investigation were to (a) assess the cognitive understanding of meaning in life as coping strategy utilized by Korean-American Judeo-Christian adolescents between the ages of 11 to 18 (n = 74) and (b) to determine the significance of meaning in life in relations to subjective well-being. Initial hypothesis about "born again" Christian faith failed to support any significant correlation when compared with religiosity, meaning, and well-being indices. However, intrinsic religious orientation showed significant associations with meaning in life, purpose in life, prayer, daily Bible reading, and subjective well-being in satisfaction with life. Multiple regression analyses revealed prayer ...


Stressful Life Events, Depression, And The Effects Of Perceived Social Support, Kristen Schiers May 2008

Stressful Life Events, Depression, And The Effects Of Perceived Social Support, Kristen Schiers

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to explore the relationship between stressful life events, depression and the effects of perceived social support. The researcher expected to find a positive correlation with higher stressful life events ratings predicting greater depressive mood. Also, the researcher hypothesized that people who have more hours of contact with social support systems would experience less depressive mood. Finally, it was expected that a significant interaction effect would be found such that the more contact with social support systems would weaken the effect of stress on depressive mood. The sample consisted of forty-five undergraduate students from ...


Undergraduate Education Majors' Perceptions Of Bullying, Drew Anders May 2008

Undergraduate Education Majors' Perceptions Of Bullying, Drew Anders

Theses and Dissertations

This study intended to focus on the realities of bullying through the eyes of undergraduate education majors. Perceptions on their understanding, and responses to hypothetical situations were examined to get a thorough comprehension about their beliefs on the topic of bullying. The sample of 144 participants, 105 female and 39 male, were all juniors or seniors in their educational programs at a medium-sized university in the northeast. Two questionnaires, the Boulton & Jones Questionnaire and the Bully Attitudes Questionnaire, were used as tools to assess the student's ideas about the subject. Tests of significance helped support the hypothesis by showing that students viewed relational forms of bullying significantly different when compared to physical and verbal forms; for example, participants were least likely to intervene with relational depictions than the other two. A specific focus on the undergraduate's perceptions of training (future and past) resulted ...


Knowledge Of Undergraduate Psychology-Major Students Of The Apa Code Of Ethics, Aziz Atweh May 2008

Knowledge Of Undergraduate Psychology-Major Students Of The Apa Code Of Ethics, Aziz Atweh

Theses and Dissertations

The initial driving force of this study was to examine the knowledge and familiarity of undergraduate psychology-major students at Rowan University with the American Psychological Association's code of ethics or ethics code. An adapted version of a 1982 questionnaire containing vignettes of clinical and research situations that required 'ethical' decision-making processes was used. The original questionnaire and design of the study were conceived by Tymchuck et al. For purposes of the current study, however, the original vignettes were slightly adapted in order to fit neatly into the APA's 2002 code of ethics. Although the only statistically significant results ...