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Full-Text Articles in Education

Exploring The Experiences Of African American Women In An Undergraduate Research Program Designed To Address The Underrepresentation Of Women And Minorities In Neuroscience: A Qualitative Analysis, Ericka L. Reid Nov 2009

Exploring The Experiences Of African American Women In An Undergraduate Research Program Designed To Address The Underrepresentation Of Women And Minorities In Neuroscience: A Qualitative Analysis, Ericka L. Reid

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

African American women compose a critical proportion of the potential science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce of the future, yet are disproportionately represented and largely underutilized. While various programs and initiatives have been designed and implemented to target women and underrepresented minorities, the voices and experiences of African American women have been insufficiently heard or studied. This study investigates the experiences of four African American female students who participated in a 10-week undergraduate research experience (URE) program designed for the recruitment and retention of women and underrepresented minorities in STEM disciplines. Through autobiographical narratives and interviews participants shared how ...


Improving Retention For Principles Of Accounting And Elementary Statistics Students: Ultra-Short Tutorials Designed To Motivate Effort And Improve Performance, Carol Springer Sargent Oct 2009

Improving Retention For Principles Of Accounting And Elementary Statistics Students: Ultra-Short Tutorials Designed To Motivate Effort And Improve Performance, Carol Springer Sargent

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

This dissertation reports on two supplemental instruction implementations in courses with high failure rates. In study one, 27 ultra-short on-line tutorials were created for Principles of Accounting II students (N = 426). In study two, 21 tutorials with a similar design were created for Elementary Statistics students (N = 1,411). Accounting students were encouraged by their instructor to use the resource, but statistics students only saw a brief demonstration by the researcher. Neither course gave students credit for using the tutorials. In study one, 71.4% of the accounting students used the tutorials. Students who used the tutorials had dramatically lower ...


An Exploratory Model Of Medication Refill Adherence Behavior, Gayle Holmes Payne Oct 2009

An Exploratory Model Of Medication Refill Adherence Behavior, Gayle Holmes Payne

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

AN EXPLORATORY MODEL OF MEDICATION REFILL ADHERENCE BEHAVIOR by Gayle Holmes Payne Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States with over 15.8 million Americans suffering from the chronic disease (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2007). Adherence to medication regimens has been identified as a key mediator between medical practice and patient outcomes (Kravitz & Melnikow, 2004). In this study, participants (N = 355) with CHD completed a questionnaire measuring their background characteristics, cognitive status, health literacy skills, self-efficacy levels, their perceived concerns and necessity beliefs about medication use, and enablers and ...


The Effects Of Word Prediction On Writing Fluency For Students With Physical Disabilities, Peter John Mezei Oct 2009

The Effects Of Word Prediction On Writing Fluency For Students With Physical Disabilities, Peter John Mezei

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Writing is a multifaceted, complex task that involves interaction between physical and cognitive skills. Individuals with physical disabilities vary in terms of both their physical and cognitive abilities. Often they must overcome one or more significant barriers in order to engage in the task of writing. Minimizing or eliminating barriers is important because opportunities are greater for individuals who can effectively communicate their ideas via writing. Assistive technology (AT) is an increasingly effective solution to increase typing fluency. The purpose of this study is to examine if word prediction software, a commonly used software program used with individuals with learning ...


Language And Speech Predictors Of Reading Achievement In Preschool Children With Language Disorders, Juliet K. Haarbauer-Krupa Oct 2009

Language And Speech Predictors Of Reading Achievement In Preschool Children With Language Disorders, Juliet K. Haarbauer-Krupa

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

ABSTRACT LANGUAGE AND SPEECH PREDICTORS OF READING ACHIEVEMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH LANGUAGE DISORDERS by Juliet K. Haarbauer-Krupa The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the relationship between language and reading in children diagnosed with developmental language disorder (DLD) during preschool. An archival data set was available for analysis. Preschool children with DLD who were assessed between 35 and 74 months for preschool language and speech abilities (Rapin, 1996) returned for language, speech and reading testing at age seven years. Children who enrolled in the study were a clinically referred sample, met criteria for average nonverbal intellectual functioning ...


Stress For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects Of Age, Gender, And Intelligence Quotient, Kristen Louise Hess Oct 2009

Stress For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects Of Age, Gender, And Intelligence Quotient, Kristen Louise Hess

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

ABSTRACT STRESS FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS: EFFECTS OF AGE, GENDER, AND INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT by Kristen Louise Hess Researchers previously have found that individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) experience higher levels of stress and anxiety than individuals who are typically developing and than those with other disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify the nature and degree of stress reported for individuals with ASD, with particular attention to the effects of age, gender, and intelligence quotient (IQ). Stressful events were identified by the Stress Survey Schedule for Persons with Autism and Other Developmental Delays (SSS), the ...


Priming As A Means Of Increasing Spontaneous Verbal Language In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Michelle Louise Ivey Aug 2009

Priming As A Means Of Increasing Spontaneous Verbal Language In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Michelle Louise Ivey

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

ABSTRACT THE EFFECTS OF PRIMING ON SPONTANEOUS VERBAL LANGUAGE IN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS by Michelle L. Ivey A multi-element design was used to investigate the effect of priming on spontaneous verbal communication in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Three children with ASD engaged in 20-minute thematic activity sessions (ACT) with the investigator. Prior to the ACTs, they met with another trained researcher for 10-minute presessions. Half of the presessions incorporated the conventions of priming with materials to be used in the upcoming ACT (i.e., related presessions; RP). During the other half of the presessions, participants were ...


Adult Learning In Nonformal Settings: Cultural Festivals As Spaces For Socially Situated Cognition, Audrey M. Ambrosino Aug 2009

Adult Learning In Nonformal Settings: Cultural Festivals As Spaces For Socially Situated Cognition, Audrey M. Ambrosino

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Recent years have witnessed a renewed interest in the role of museums and cultural festivals in adult learning. Once considered the keepers of physical and cultural history, there was only limited concern for if and how adults learned from these settings. The conventional view held that museums provided knowledge, and it was an individual’s prerogative whether or not to seek it out. The past few decades, however, have seen both a resurgence of interest in visiting museums and festivals and a more concerted effort to understand their value in a rapidly evolving society. This study considers visitor experiences at ...


Evaluating Child-Based Reading Constructs And Assessments With Struggling Adult Readers, Alice Owens Nanda Aug 2009

Evaluating Child-Based Reading Constructs And Assessments With Struggling Adult Readers, Alice Owens Nanda

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Due to the paucity of research on struggling adult readers, researchers rely on child-based reading constructs and measures when investigating the reading skills of adults struggling with reading. The purpose of the two studies in this investigation was to evaluate the appropriateness of using child-based reading constructs and assessments with adults reading between the third- and fifth-grade levels. The first study examined whether measurement constructs behind reading-related tests for struggling adult readers are similar to what is known about measurement constructs for children. The sample included 371 adults, including 218 native English speakers and 153 English speakers of other languages ...


Effects Of A Positive Peer Reporting Intervention On Prosocial Interactions In A General Education Classroom, Camela Y. Johnson Jan 2009

Effects Of A Positive Peer Reporting Intervention On Prosocial Interactions In A General Education Classroom, Camela Y. Johnson

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Methods for promoting prosocial behavior in educational settings are many and varied. This literature review presents a context for defining and understanding prosocial behavior, including comparisons and contrasts with other behavioral concepts and terms. Understanding peer factors in the development of prosocial behavior can enhance the development and implementation of peer-based interventions. The four main types of peer-based interventions discussed are cooperative-learning groups, group-contingency plans, peer helpers, and positive peer reporting. Each of these interventions has a place in educational settings and should be utilized with social context and individual student characteristics in mind. Behavioral interventions that improve the overall ...