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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Impacts Of Explicit Systematic Phonics Instruction On The Areas Of Decoding And Fluency For Students With A Specific Learning Disability In Reading, Marina Hingston Dec 2017

The Impacts Of Explicit Systematic Phonics Instruction On The Areas Of Decoding And Fluency For Students With A Specific Learning Disability In Reading, Marina Hingston

Capstone Research Projects

The purpose of this embedded, mixed methods action research study was to examine the impacts of explicit, systematic phonics instruction on students with a specific learning disability in reading. A phonics intervention program, S.P.I.R.E., was implemented over the course of four weeks. The participants were two 4th graders and one 6th grader, all who had an identified specific learning disability in the area of reading. Data was collected on decoding accuracy pre and post intervention, as well as on reading fluency using timed one minute fluency drills. In addition, student perceptions of the S.P.I ...


The Effectiveness Of High Frequency Word List Instruction On Star Reading Test Scores, Michael Foster Dec 2017

The Effectiveness Of High Frequency Word List Instruction On Star Reading Test Scores, Michael Foster

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this quantitative, quasi-experimental study was to test the theory of using high frequency word list (HFWL)-based instruction when teaching beginning reading instruction. This study compared the reading fluency changes of eight classes across three different grades containing 115 students over 5 months as measured by the Standardized Test for the Assessment in Reading (STAR) when intervention students are given identical instruction using different popular HFWLs. One control group received no such intervention. The Fry HFWL was used. The resulting scores were analyzed using an independent-samples t test. The comparisons determined the effectiveness of teaching beginning reading ...


An Evaluation Study Of Fifth-Grade Independent Reading And Reading Achievement, Kari Allen Oct 2017

An Evaluation Study Of Fifth-Grade Independent Reading And Reading Achievement, Kari Allen

Doctor of Education (Ed.D)

Independent reading has been implemented in elementary classrooms for decades. However, what independent reading looks like, teacher expectations related to it, and student attitudes toward it differ greatly depending on the individual classroom. Increasing demands on teachers to improve student achievement has resulted in more time spent in teacher-directed instruction and teacher-selected text, and less time for students to read self-selected, engaging text, resulting in lack of interest and purpose for reading (Gran & DeVoogd, 2008). Effective implementation of independent reading is necessary to improve student achievement, increase reader stamina, and build positive attitudes toward reading in general (Lee, 2011). The ...


Contrast Sensitivity Testing In Normal Vision: Performance With Letter Vs. Continuous Text, Kristen Davis, Marc Taub, Patricia Cisarik Aug 2017

Contrast Sensitivity Testing In Normal Vision: Performance With Letter Vs. Continuous Text, Kristen Davis, Marc Taub, Patricia Cisarik

Interprofessional Optometry

Introduction: Contrast sensitivity is a visual element used in optometric examinations to help assess visual capacity. This study compared two formats of contrast sensitivity tests, ETDRS Letters and Continuous Text.

Methods: Contrast sensitivity was measured in 75 subjects, who met inclusion criteria, using the Adult Near Contrast Test. Patients’ verbal readings provided data for the formats at five contrast levels. Results: Average visual acuity and number of lines/paragraphs read correctly decreased with decreasing contrast. ANOVAs showed significant differences by contrast level in total words and total letters (ps< 0.001) and a Pearson correlation gave high correlations between the contrast sensitivity readings of the two formats except at 100% contrast (ps< 0.05; p= 0.69).

Conclusion: Analysis revealed that contrast sensitivity readings from the different formats ...


Academy Of Reading® Impact On Student Achievement In Extended Learning Program, Latrasha Palmer Aug 2017

Academy Of Reading® Impact On Student Achievement In Extended Learning Program, Latrasha Palmer

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this casual-comparative study was to assess the effectiveness of Academy of READING® (AOR) on eighth grade Response to Intervention students using third nine-week benchmark scaled score and Criterion Reference Competency Test scaled score. The data collected from a public middle-school in rural Georgia revealed how student achievement, gender, and socioeconomic status were impacted by AOR. AOR participants, the treatment group, received 45 minutes of research-based computer intervention while the control, non-participating AOR, did not receive computer-based instruction during extended learning. This study compared differences in the mean scaled scores for at-risk students using an independent samples t-test ...


The Predictive Nature Of The Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale Perceptual Score And Reading Achievement: A Mixed-Methods Study, Sarah Bond May 2017

The Predictive Nature Of The Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale Perceptual Score And Reading Achievement: A Mixed-Methods Study, Sarah Bond

Theses and Dissertations (All)

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to identify and describe what correlations, if any, exist between the composite Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale (PKRS) score, the visual-perceptual subtest of the PKRS, and reading achievement by the end of grade one. The quantitative data used in this study were the PKRS scores from 421 students entering kindergarten in the 2013 and 2014 school years and the end of first grade Title I Reading rosters for the same cohort of students. The qualitative data collected for this study were the coded transcripts from two focus group discussions that included current and retired ...


Book Review - Teaching African American Learners To Read, Tiffany A. Flowers Mar 2017

Book Review - Teaching African American Learners To Read, Tiffany A. Flowers

Journal of Research Initiatives

No abstract provided.


Probing The Enactment Of Reading Miscues: A Study Examining Reading Fluency, Edward Lehner Jan 2017

Probing The Enactment Of Reading Miscues: A Study Examining Reading Fluency, Edward Lehner

Publications and Research

Subsequent to the National Reading Panel’s (2000) report, more researchers have been examining the role that reading fluency plays in the development of a child’s reading skills. This study investigated the efficacy of the National Reading Panel’s research claim that a child learns reading fluency skills mainly through phonics and decoding instruction. Using a methodology to track the source of reading miscues, this paper demonstrates that a student’s cultural and semantic knowledge of text vitally influences the development of reading fluency skills. Specifically, the findings suggest that a child culturally enacts reading fluency both through graphophonic ...