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Educational Methods

2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 252

Full-Text Articles in Education

Challenging Esl Students To Avoid Plagiarism And Properly Summarize And Cite Articles, Sarah J. Hammill Dec 2009

Challenging Esl Students To Avoid Plagiarism And Properly Summarize And Cite Articles, Sarah J. Hammill

Works of the FIU Libraries

Research shows that plagiarism is a problem not only for English language learners but also for students whose first language is English. With the Internet and ease of copying and pasting information into a word document, plagiarism in on the rise (Maslen, 2003). Oftentimes, students are not aware they are doing something wrong. American students come into college with the cultural conditioning of knowing (perhaps not fully grasping) American academic standards (Gu & Brooks, 2007). International students have the additional disadvantage of not knowing the conventions, traditions, and values held in academic discourse (Gu & Brooks, 2007). Within American academic circles, plagiarism is considered “one of the worst crimes” a student can commit (Wheeler, 2008). However, outside the United States, plagiarism is culturally acceptable; in fact a moral transgression would be to not copy and paste the words of an expert (Wheeler, 2008).

Most of the students in English for Academic Purposes ...


Blended Spaces, Work-Based Learning And The Notion Of Constructive Alignment : Impacts On Student Engagement, Peter Reaburn, Nona Muldoon, Cheryl Bookallil Dec 2009

Blended Spaces, Work-Based Learning And The Notion Of Constructive Alignment : Impacts On Student Engagement, Peter Reaburn, Nona Muldoon, Cheryl Bookallil

Peter Reaburn

This study examined students’ active engagement in the context of aligned curriculum and instruction. In conjunction with Biggs’ (2003) notion of constructive alignment, the ten principles of engagement suggested by Krause (2005) informed the redesign of an undergraduate course, which was delivered fully online and had a work-based learning component. The results of the present study strongly suggest that the course redesign has lead to significantly increased student engagement and achievement of higher order outcomes. Statistical analyses using Student t-tests revealed highly significant increases (p=0.002) in student engagement as measured by the average total ‘hits per student’ on ...


Perceptions Of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers Towardscritical Thinking, Osamah Bataineh, Khaled F. Alazzi Dec 2009

Perceptions Of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers Towardscritical Thinking, Osamah Bataineh, Khaled F. Alazzi

International Education

The purpose of this study was to discover themes or concepts, generated from the collected data, that formed building blocks of grounded theory in the study of secondary school social studies teachers’ perspectives. This research study was conducted in Jordan, where secondary school social studies teachers were interviewed regarding their perspectives of teaching critical thinking skills in their classrooms. All interviews were audio-taped in Arabic and later translated into English. Data, including the translation of the audio, video tapes, the Ministry of Education guidelines, and textbook teacher manuals were analyzed qualitatively. The study results indicated that Jordanian secondary school social ...


Lmproving Education Through Brain Research, Lisa J. Ihnen Dec 2009

Lmproving Education Through Brain Research, Lisa J. Ihnen

Master of Education Program Theses

Educational practices are improved because of brain research. Cognitive and behavior sciences have provided important concepts for educational practice. Within recent decades, neuroscience has also contributed to the field of brain research, thus enhancing our understanding oflearning. Three main concepts from neuroscience are explored: synaptogenesis, critical periods, and enriched environments. When the entire body of knowledge from all disciplines of brain research is viewed together, then fmdings can be applied to educational practices.


El Concepto De Audiencia Y La Colaboración Entre Iguales En La Revisión De Textos Escritos, David Sánchez-Jiménez Dec 2009

El Concepto De Audiencia Y La Colaboración Entre Iguales En La Revisión De Textos Escritos, David Sánchez-Jiménez

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Self-Efficacy And Instruction In Mathematics, Juana Patricia Ordonez-Feliciano Nov 2009

Self-Efficacy And Instruction In Mathematics, Juana Patricia Ordonez-Feliciano

Student Theses, Dissertations, Portfolios and Projects

According to the National Mathematics Advisory Panel (2008) differences in students' mathematical achievement were attributed to differences in teacher characteristics, including the use of instructional methods and their self-efficacy beliefs. Concurrently, today's mathematics teachers face challenges arising from Federal and State mandates requiring students' proficiency to improve on standardized tests. This study considered the relationship between two characteristics, mathematics teachers' self-efficacy and their choice of instructional strategies. Further, the relationship between teachers' self-efficacy and their demographic characteristics as measured by a researcher-developed questionnaire was explored.

The researcher utilized the Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale (TSES) and the Teachers' Instructional Practices Survey ...


Through Support Of Mothers, Khush Funer Murtaza Nov 2009

Through Support Of Mothers, Khush Funer Murtaza

Professional Development Centre, Gilgit

No abstract provided.


Strengthening A Global Perspective On Andragogy: An Update For 2009, John A. Henschke Edd Nov 2009

Strengthening A Global Perspective On Andragogy: An Update For 2009, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

Andragogy has received mixed reviews in the past. Some have analyzed it from a positive perspective. Some have analyzed if from a negative perspective, and some have ignored it altogether. Most of the discussions have limited their observations to how Malcolm S. Knowles addressed andragogy. There has been as inadequate investigation of the foundation and background of andragogy from a world perspective. This research presents 290 major works published in English from national and international sources on andragogy that may help provide a clear and understandable international foundation for the linkage between the research, theory, and practice of andragogy. Six ...


Calibrated Peer Review Assignments For The Earth Sciences, James A. Rudd Ii, Vivian Z. Wang, Cinzia Cervato, Robert W. Ridky Nov 2009

Calibrated Peer Review Assignments For The Earth Sciences, James A. Rudd Ii, Vivian Z. Wang, Cinzia Cervato, Robert W. Ridky

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Calibrated Peer Review ™ (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer ...


Storytelling As An Instructional Method: Definitions And Research Questions, Dee H. Andrews, Thomas D. Hull, Jennifer A. Donahue Oct 2009

Storytelling As An Instructional Method: Definitions And Research Questions, Dee H. Andrews, Thomas D. Hull, Jennifer A. Donahue

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

The goal of this paper is to discuss the theoretical and empirical foundations of the use of storytelling in instruction. The definition of a “story” is given and four instructional methods are identified related to storytelling: case-based, narrative-based, scenario-based and problem-based instruction. The article puts forth descriptions of the four instructional methods above, describes several research issues, some foundational work and theories, and proposes a research agenda.


Trials And Triumphs: Piloting A Web Conference System To Deliver Blended Learning Across Multiple Sites, Marty Laubach, Laura J. Little Oct 2009

Trials And Triumphs: Piloting A Web Conference System To Deliver Blended Learning Across Multiple Sites, Marty Laubach, Laura J. Little

Sociology and Anthropology Faculty Research

Barriers to classroom-based education such as high gas prices, inclement weather, and job and family requirements often make travel to campus more difficult for people who want to continue their educations (Fletcher, 2008). The promise of synchronous tools such as Wimba LiveClassroom can provide a cost-effective alternative to a real-time classroom experience by allowing students to attend a class wherever they are, thus allowing a classroom experience despite geographic barriers. Indeed, other reports have also indicated that hybrid learning can result in increased student outcomes when compared to traditional classroom learning (Brunner, 2006; McFarlin, 2008). To attempt to overcome these ...


Grades 5-6 American Revolution, Gina Gonzalez Oct 2009

Grades 5-6 American Revolution, Gina Gonzalez

Social Studies

This is a social studies lesson for 5th and 6th graders on the American Revolution. Through this lesson students will be able to understand the immediate causes of the American revolution, understand the reaction of the colonists to these causes, and discover how each student would react if they were the colonists and to explore different alternatives to war, if any. The lesson is tiered into three levels where students are grouped by ability. In each level students will receive a task card and can choose the activity that is of most interest to them.


Reading Comprehension Instruction For Expository Text In Elementary Education, Kristen Ephraim Oct 2009

Reading Comprehension Instruction For Expository Text In Elementary Education, Kristen Ephraim

Senior Honors Theses

The thesis focuses on strategies for developing reading comprehension skills in relation to expository, or informational, text and the need for this type of instruction in contemporary elementary classrooms. Comprehension is the final product of reading, and therefore should require attention and emphasis during literary instructional time. Many students enjoy reading narrative text, as it is more relational and has a storyline or plot, so expository text is often neglected and considered uninteresting. However, as students begin the upper elementary grade levels, almost all of their reading experiences include informational text, such as textbooks. Through instructing students how to read ...


Multimedia In The Textiles And Clothing Classroom: Student Perceptions And Intentions To Recommend The Course, Mansi Batra, Sara B. Marcketti, Ashley Ratute Oct 2009

Multimedia In The Textiles And Clothing Classroom: Student Perceptions And Intentions To Recommend The Course, Mansi Batra, Sara B. Marcketti, Ashley Ratute

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this exploratory study was to better understand students' perceptions of the classroom environment and their intentions to recommend the course for textiles and clothing classes, such as the history of dress, that rely heavily on multimedia usage.


Should Educators Teach Naked & Ditch Powerpoint?, John R. Kilbourne Sep 2009

Should Educators Teach Naked & Ditch Powerpoint?, John R. Kilbourne

John R. Kilbourne

Now more than ever, I am committed to using movement and board art to create meaningful teaching and learning that provides balance, and time to know and understand, for college students who spend too much time in dim, passive classrooms looking at, writing from, and memorizing PowerPoint slides.


The Impact Of Simulation In Nursing Education On The Self-Efficacy And Learner Satisfaction Of Nursing Students, Rosalie E. Tuttle Sep 2009

The Impact Of Simulation In Nursing Education On The Self-Efficacy And Learner Satisfaction Of Nursing Students, Rosalie E. Tuttle

Faculty Scholarship – Nursing

Nursing education faces the challenge of preparing graduates to face the complexities that are found in today’s health care environment. Upon graduation, new nurses must be able to care for patients in a fast-paced environment that emphasizes clinical competence and accurate, timely decision-making skills. Self-efficacy is a characteristic that is believed to increase an individual’s ability to be successful at a task. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of simulation to impact the development of clinical self-efficacy in junior- and senior-level nursing students at a Midwestern liberal arts university. This study also evaluated student ...


Using Student Achievement Data To Support Instructional Decision Making, Laura Hamilton, Richard Halverson, Sharnell S. Jackson, Ellen Mandinach, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Jeffrey C. Wayman, Cassandra Pickens, Emma Sama Martin, Jennifer L. Steele Sep 2009

Using Student Achievement Data To Support Instructional Decision Making, Laura Hamilton, Richard Halverson, Sharnell S. Jackson, Ellen Mandinach, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Jeffrey C. Wayman, Cassandra Pickens, Emma Sama Martin, Jennifer L. Steele

GSE Publications

As educators face increasing pressure from federal, state, and local accountability policies to improve student achievement, the use of data has become more central to how many educators evaluate their practices and monitor students’ academic progress (Knapp et al., 2006). Despite this trend, questions about how educators should use data to make instructional decisions remain mostly unanswered. In response, this guide provides a framework for using student achievement data to support instructional decision making. These decisions include, but are not limited to, how to adapt lessons or assignments in response to students’ needs, alter classroom goals or objectives, or modify ...


The Effectiveness Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Developmental Mathematics, Kathy Dye Spradlin Sep 2009

The Effectiveness Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Developmental Mathematics, Kathy Dye Spradlin

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Colleges and universities are trying alternative instructional approaches to improve the teaching of developmental mathematics with the goal of increasing the number of students who have the skills and knowledge required for college-level math courses and for the twenty-first century workforce. Computers and the internet make possible new methods of delivering instruction so students will have choices of when, where, and how they learn math. The purpose of this study was to compare academic performance of students enrolled in a developmental mathematics course using traditional instruction, traditional instruction supplemented with computer-assisted instruction, and online distance learning. In addition, gender differences ...


Redes Sociales Y Unas Innovaciones En La Comunicación Global, Pilar Munday Sep 2009

Redes Sociales Y Unas Innovaciones En La Comunicación Global, Pilar Munday

Languages Faculty Publications

Ning es una herramienta útil para formar redes sociales entre estudiantes: tanto los estudiantes de español como segundo idioma como hispanohablantes que quieran contactarse con ellos. Ning ofrece una multi- plicidad de componentes para lograr la formación de una red social. Ning es fácil de usar y se puede implementar con poco entrenamiento porque nuestros estudiantes ya usan otras redes sociales como MySpace y Facebook.


Theater Study And The Power Of Possibility, Jill Rafferty-Weinisch Aug 2009

Theater Study And The Power Of Possibility, Jill Rafferty-Weinisch

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) Student Scholarship

My experience as an Arts Educator, working with a particular group of at-risk students has led me to question the manner in which the Arts are primarily utilized in K-12 education. Specifically, their use as a delivery system for academic curriculum, while highly effective, may be at the expense of, and ultimately may limit, other far more significant benefits. In my experience as both a student and a teacher of theater, I have observed a correlation between certain habits of mind developed through theater work and modes of thinking, which are widely believed to support healthy adolescent development. This paper ...


A Teacher Reflects On Seven Years In A Kansas City Alternative High School, Deborah Evaline Franks Aug 2009

A Teacher Reflects On Seven Years In A Kansas City Alternative High School, Deborah Evaline Franks

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) Student Scholarship

With an informed eye to the psychological, sociological, and institutional aspects of immediate events, the writer explores her seven years teaching in a school for disadvantaged urban youth living in a mid-sized Midwestern U.S. city. This work melds intensely personal memoir with perspectives to be had from current research, thus situating the personal in a wider social context. With this articulation came deep dissatisfaction with premises and practices on which the high school was based, and ultimately the writer decided to leave for an entirely different environment. At the conclusion is an annotated bibliography, offering the reader tools to ...


Validation Study Of The Colorado Learning Attitudes About Science Survey At A Hispanic-Serving Institution, Vashti Sawtelle, Eric Brewe, Laird Kramer Aug 2009

Validation Study Of The Colorado Learning Attitudes About Science Survey At A Hispanic-Serving Institution, Vashti Sawtelle, Eric Brewe, Laird Kramer

Department of Teaching and Learning

The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) has been widely acknowledged as a useful measure of student cognitive attitudes about science and learning. The initial University of Colorado validation study included only 20% non-Caucasian student populations. In this Brief Report we extend their validation to include a predominately under-represented minority population. We validated the CLASS instrument at Florida International University, a Hispanic-serving institution, by interviewing students in introductory physics classes using a semistructured protocol, examining students’ responses on the CLASS item statements, and comparing them to the items’ intended meaning. We find that in our predominately Hispanic population, 94 ...


Integrating Language And Literature: Teaching Textual Analysis With Input And Output Activities And An Input‐To‐Output Approach, Stacey Weber-Fève Aug 2009

Integrating Language And Literature: Teaching Textual Analysis With Input And Output Activities And An Input‐To‐Output Approach, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The Modern Language Association report and Profession issue from summer 2007 (Geisler et al., 2007) are highly indicative of the increasingly debated concerns in the profession surrounding (1) the traditional division of foreign language curriculum between “language” and “literature” and (2) the instruction of textual analysis (or practice of close reading) in the student‐centered literature classroom. In this article, I discuss the need in the profession to address the contemporary problems inherited from the traditional “language‐literature” divide and postulate the use of close reading as a tactic to overcome this traditional divide. This article specifically addresses the issue ...


Second Language Teaching Strategies For Teaching The Human Body To Fourth Graders, Maria L. Vela Aug 2009

Second Language Teaching Strategies For Teaching The Human Body To Fourth Graders, Maria L. Vela

All Graduate Projects

In a country filled with pressure for high academic achievement at the state and federal levels, it is necessary to implement "best practice" teaching strategies for student success. "Best practice" teaching strategies are strategies that are research based and have proven to be essential in increasing academic achievement. Among using "best practices," there are a variety of programs that focus on teaching second language learners English, one of them being dual language. Dual language is an additive bilingual program in which the second language is taught through the content areas as the native language continues to be developed. However, the ...


The Culture Of Poverty: How It Affects Middle School Students, Kaycie Anne Tuttle Aug 2009

The Culture Of Poverty: How It Affects Middle School Students, Kaycie Anne Tuttle

All Graduate Projects

In education, teachers are seeing more impoverished students than ever before. With that understanding, teachers need to know how to identify and assist these students so that they are successful in school. The War on Poverty has been going on for years, and with a failing economy, teachers are seeing more impoverished students in their classrooms. To counteract this situation, teachers will be shown a pamphlet, power point presentation, and a workshop on poverty which will help show teachers what their students may be experiencing when away from school. In addition, the pamphlet will provide information of what to look ...


Importance Of School Readiness And Early Childhood Education, Amanda L. Moore Aug 2009

Importance Of School Readiness And Early Childhood Education, Amanda L. Moore

All Graduate Projects

The need for childhood education was studied and, based upon experiences garnered as a Kindergarten teacher, Cub Club was created and implemented in order to begin to reduce the achievement gap. The program was designed to educate parents about the importance of family involvement and the benefits, lasting into adulthood, of working with children at home during their early years of learning.


Improving Second Graders’ Understanding And Use Of Genre Through The Classroom Library, Melissa Kristene Arquette Aug 2009

Improving Second Graders’ Understanding And Use Of Genre Through The Classroom Library, Melissa Kristene Arquette

All Graduate Projects

The research supports the importance of the classroom library, using the classroom library to introduce non-fiction text, and developing students' understanding of genre using the classroom library as a tool. The purpose of this project is to improve second graders' understanding and use of genre through the classroom library. The project includes eight units focused on realistic fiction, poetry, fantasy, folktales, myths and legends, non-fiction (information books), biographies, and fairytales. Each unit combines student focused group book sorting, book browsing, reading log entries, whole group activities, and a genre review form. Pre- and post- unit assessment, in the form of ...


Dual Language Education In The Elementary Grades: What Are Some Constraints Or Limitations Of Dual Language In Kindergarten Through Fifth Grade., Anna Alvarez Aug 2009

Dual Language Education In The Elementary Grades: What Are Some Constraints Or Limitations Of Dual Language In Kindergarten Through Fifth Grade., Anna Alvarez

All Graduate Projects

This study examined the dual language model of bilingual education available to students at Pioneer Elementary in Sunnyside, Washington. There are a variety of bilingual education, Spanish and English, programs currently used throughout the United States. The effectiveness of student's academic success is based on the bilingual education program they participate in, which has been a long-standing debated topic. Recently new and innovative bilingual education programs such as dual-language models have been introduced and implemented into many classrooms. There is significant scholarly debate regarding the efficacy of dual language education programs. It is possible that the debate is centered ...


A Guidebook, Based On One School’S Journey In Implementing Response To Intervention, Pearl Mckenzie Aug 2009

A Guidebook, Based On One School’S Journey In Implementing Response To Intervention, Pearl Mckenzie

All Graduate Projects

Many districts across the United States are considering, or have already implemented a system called Response to Intervention (RTI). This is a research-proven instructional method that will benefit many children who are challenged by the academic content. RTI uses a schoolwide structural system to support students and staff. This project documents steps taken by one school during an academic year in the form of a guidebook.


School Improvement By Design: Lessons From A Study Of Comprehensive School Reform Programs, Brian Rowan, Richard Miller, Eric Camburn Aug 2009

School Improvement By Design: Lessons From A Study Of Comprehensive School Reform Programs, Brian Rowan, Richard Miller, Eric Camburn

CPRE Research Reports

This CPRE report is a reprint of a chapter that originally appeared as Chapter 49 of the Handbook of Education Policy Research, edited by Gary Sykes, Barbara Schneider, and DavidN.Plank and published for theAmerican Educational Research Association by Routledge Publishers in 2009. The reprinted chapter presents key findings from A Study of Instructional Improvement, a study that was conducted under the auspices of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education and directed by Brian Rowan, David K. Cohen, and Deborah Loewenberg Ball (all at the University of Michigan).This study examined the design, implementation, and instructional effectiveness of three ...