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Educational Methods

2005

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Exploring Animal-Assisted Therapy As A Reading Intervention Strategy, Maria S. Kaymen Dec 2005

Exploring Animal-Assisted Therapy As A Reading Intervention Strategy, Maria S. Kaymen

Graduate Master's Theses, Capstones, and Culminating Projects

This study is an examination of animal-assisted therapy in an attempt to explore the ways it may serve as reading intervention program for struggling readers. Due to the low rate of literacy in the U.S., children are often put into reading intervention programs where they are required to read to an adult; potentially creating anxiety that may act as a deterrent to reading regularly, and thus contributing to the condition of aliteracy, that is, possessing the basic skills to read yet having no desire to do so. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the ways in ...


An Investigation Of Reading Intervention Programs In A Junior Secondary School Setting, Catherine Florence Callery Dec 2005

An Investigation Of Reading Intervention Programs In A Junior Secondary School Setting, Catherine Florence Callery

Theses

This study investigates key factors contributing to literacy development of underachieving readers in a junior secondary school. Two intervention programs designed to enhance the reading skills of eight underachieving readers in a junior secondary school were used. These eight individuals, of normal intelligence, had in common a history of reading difficulties. In the first of these programs eight students participated in a one-on-one reading intervention program using an adaptation of the program Making A Difference (Ministry of Education and Training, Victoria, 1992). In the second program four students from the above-mentioned cohort participated in a one-to-four intervention program involving the ...


Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai Nov 2005

Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


From Telematics To Web-Based: The Progression Of Distance Education In Newfoundland And Labrador, Michael K. Barbour Nov 2005

From Telematics To Web-Based: The Progression Of Distance Education In Newfoundland And Labrador, Michael K. Barbour

Education Faculty Publications


Introduction: The province of Newfoundland and Labrador is located on the east coast of Canada. The province, which has both an island and mainland portions with a total area of 505 066 square kilometres, has a population of approximately 550 000 people. With about 60% of the population living within a 150-kilometre radius of the capital region, the remainder of the province is sparsely populated. The majority of the roughly 300 schools are located in these rural communities. Approximately one-third of which have been determined as necessarily existent (ie, when a school is located so far from another school that ...


Faculty-Librarian Collaboration To Teach Research Skills: Electronic Symbiosis, Navaz P. Bhavnagri, Veronica Bielat Oct 2005

Faculty-Librarian Collaboration To Teach Research Skills: Electronic Symbiosis, Navaz P. Bhavnagri, Veronica Bielat

Teacher Education Faculty Publications

This article discusses faculty-librarian collaboration to integrate technology in a course that focuses on teaching empirical research methodologies and library research skills to elementary and early childhood education graduate students. Vygotsky’s theory, standards in teacher education, and information literacy standards form the conceptual framework that supports this collaboration. The purpose and procedures of this collaboration, as well as student, faculty, and librarian outcomes, are discussed. This present collaboration on bibliographic instruction and the use of Blackboard courseware is framed within the context of past history of collaboration and future plans to expand this collaboration.


Review Of After Education: Anna Freud, Melanie Klein, And Psychoanalytic Histories Of Learning By Deborah Britzman, Marla Morris Oct 2005

Review Of After Education: Anna Freud, Melanie Klein, And Psychoanalytic Histories Of Learning By Deborah Britzman, Marla Morris

Curriculum, Foundations, & Reading Faculty Publications

This review was published in the Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies.


Reading For Character: Principles Of Bibliotherapy Applied To Children’S Literature., Karen L. Parker Oct 2005

Reading For Character: Principles Of Bibliotherapy Applied To Children’S Literature., Karen L. Parker

Faculty Publications and Presentations

In the past decade, interest has revived in character education, a facet of American education from the earliest days of the nation’s history. Bibliotherapy, the process of reading books with a therapeutic intent, is an effective means to implement character education within the curriculum. Bibliotherapy is a child-friendly and noninvasive technique that can be used in various groupings, settings, and ability levels. Book selection, active dialogue, and follow-up activities are critical elements in the successful classroom implementation of a bibliotherapy lesson.


The Effects Of Games On The Acquisition Of Some Grammatical Features Of L2 German On Students' Motivation And On Classroom Atmosphere, Shu-Yun Yu Oct 2005

The Effects Of Games On The Acquisition Of Some Grammatical Features Of L2 German On Students' Motivation And On Classroom Atmosphere, Shu-Yun Yu

Theses

The main purpose of this study is to explore the effects of the use of games as a teaching strategy for raising the grammatical accuracy level of secondary students of German as a second language. This thesis seeks also to examine the effect of game-based grammar instruction on students' motivation and classroom atmosphere. The participants in this study were divided into two groups, the Control and Experimental groups, and received 90 periods, over 18 weeks, of grammatical instruction by the same teacher. The teaching program was the same for both groups. The difference consisted in the use of game-based practice ...


A Motivational Strategy That Accommodates Middle School Special Education Students: Achieving Academic Success, Susan J. Koempel Aug 2005

A Motivational Strategy That Accommodates Middle School Special Education Students: Achieving Academic Success, Susan J. Koempel

All Graduate Projects

The project provides middle school teachers with a handbook for clarifying academic targets in the general education U. S. history classroom. This strategy clearly defines, in a pictorial manner, the interconnectedness that exists between report cards, progress reports, and quarterly curriculum assignments. The intervention of this organizational strategy will assist students in decisions, regarding the timely completion and turn in of assignments, by creating an overall awareness of the progress of time and assignment due dates during the quarter. Originally, the production of the intervention was done by the special education staff so that there would be minimal time energy ...


A Social Cognitive Perspective Of Physical-Activity-Related Behavior In Physical Education, Jeffrey J. Martin, Pamela Hodges Kulinna Jul 2005

A Social Cognitive Perspective Of Physical-Activity-Related Behavior In Physical Education, Jeffrey J. Martin, Pamela Hodges Kulinna

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

The purpose of the current study was to examine student and teacher physical-activity-related behavior using the theory of planned behavior and self-efficacy theory. Although teachers reported an overwhelmingly positive attitude toward teaching physical activity lessons to promote fitness development, they only devoted 4% of their class time to actually demonstrating and promoting fitness. Students were quite sedentary during class spending 61% of class time sitting, standing, or lying down. Using hierarchical regression analyses, teachers' attitudes toward teaching physically active physical education classes accounted for 50% of the variance in teachers' intention. Teachers who demonstrated/promoted fitness and who limited their ...


Major Elements Of Re-Orienting A Higher Education Institution Toward A Focus On Lifelong Learning: An Update, John A. Henschke Edd Jun 2005

Major Elements Of Re-Orienting A Higher Education Institution Toward A Focus On Lifelong Learning: An Update, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

This paper focus on making a shift from a traditional higher education institution toward a focus on lifelong learning, including the following: Research on the background and experiences of various institutions in this regard, developing a policy statement on elements of this re-orientation as a product of a worldwide conference, and ultimately constructing "measurable performance indicators" for the seven elements - overacting frameworks, strategic partnership, and linkages research, teaching and learning, processes, administration policies and mechanism, decision support systems, and student support systems and services.


Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette Jun 2005

Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Emergent readers face a difficult task as they begin to build their reading skills. Reading is a process that utilizes various skills, especially in the early stages of reading development. This study was conducted in an urban elementary school to investigate the importance of listening comprehension within a setting of emergent readers, participating in the Success For All: Reading Roots program. Specifically, this research explores the correlation between listening comprehension skills and reading levels in a group of beginning readers. It identifies teachers' beliefs on the value and purpose of read-alouds in the classrooms. Furthermore, it examines the relationship of ...


Hands-On Activities To Be Implemented Within A Title I/Lap Math Program, Margaret Rae Hancock May 2005

Hands-On Activities To Be Implemented Within A Title I/Lap Math Program, Margaret Rae Hancock

All Graduate Projects

The project provides middle school math teachers who work with the lower quartile of the student population at the middle school level, a handbook of strategies, methods and activity ideas to implement into the classroom to enhance student learning. The handbook allows middle school math teachers the opportunity to explore alternative teaching practices. It contains student-centered activities, which will allow the lower quartile of the student population an opportunity to have a positive experience in math, as well as taking ownership of their learning. By connecting the students prior knowledge to situations in math that the students can make a ...


No More A-/A/-Apple: An Examination Of Kindergarten And First Grade Phonics Within A Progressive Framework, Arielle R. Derby May 2005

No More A-/A/-Apple: An Examination Of Kindergarten And First Grade Phonics Within A Progressive Framework, Arielle R. Derby

Graduate Student Independent Studies

Examines the approach to teaching literacy taken by back to basics and progressive educators, and the role of phonics within each type of literacy program. The necessity and application of phonics for kindergarten and first grade children is discussed, grounded in the author's experience teaching in a progressive private school and a back to basics charter school. I found from research and my experience, that phonics is a necessary component for any complete literacy program. In addition, learning phonics has a stronger and more positive effect on children's early reading and writing when it is taught within a ...


Defining The Phenomenon Of Teaching Christianly At A Christian College: A Study Conducted At Dordt College, Barb Hoekstra May 2005

Defining The Phenomenon Of Teaching Christianly At A Christian College: A Study Conducted At Dordt College, Barb Hoekstra

Faculty Work Comprehensive List

Despite the high value that Christian colleges place on teaching, there is scant literature on teaching christianly in higher education. Pedagogy that promotes Christian beliefs resides in the K-12 literature. Using the work of Van Brummelen (1988) and Van Dyk (2000) originally developed for teaching christianly at the K-12 level, a conceptual framework was developed. This study investigated what it means to teach christianly at a small Christian college. A qualitative, phenomenological approach was used to explore teachers’ perceptions and beliefs about teaching christianly in higher education. A criterion sampling strategy was used in selecting 10 participants who had the ...


Broaden The Spectrum Of Elements For Re-Orienting An Educational Institution Toward A Focus On Lifelong Learning, John A. Henschke Edd Apr 2005

Broaden The Spectrum Of Elements For Re-Orienting An Educational Institution Toward A Focus On Lifelong Learning, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

This session focuses on making a shift from a traditional educational institution toward a focus on lifelong learning, including the following: background and experiences of various educational institution in this regard, developing a policy statement on elements of this re-orientation as a product of a worldwide conference, and ultimately constructing "measurable performing indicators" for the seven major elements. The elements are - overarching frameworks, strategic partnerships and linkages, research, teaching and learning processes, administration policies and mechanisms, decision support systems, and, student support systems and services.


Learning Styles: A Focus Upon E-Learning Practices And Pedagogy And Their Implications For Designing E-Learning For Secondary School Students In Newfoundland And Labrador, Morris Cooze, Michael K. Barbour Apr 2005

Learning Styles: A Focus Upon E-Learning Practices And Pedagogy And Their Implications For Designing E-Learning For Secondary School Students In Newfoundland And Labrador, Morris Cooze, Michael K. Barbour

Education Faculty Publications

With the increase of online learning in the K-12 environment, research must turn to specific studies focused upon this level. One area of investigation surrounds the development of online course content and individualised student learning styles. This review found that although there is a vast body of research concerning online learning in the post-secondary environment, this is not true for K-12 education. Recent studies have begun the discussion for secondary school students as online learning becomes more prevalent and accepted as a means of learning. The lessons that these studies bring forward may be of particular interest to instructional designers ...


Metacognitive Systematic Inquiry Utilizing Individualized Cognitive Profiles Causes Reading Comprehension Achievement, Kathleen D. Allen Apr 2005

Metacognitive Systematic Inquiry Utilizing Individualized Cognitive Profiles Causes Reading Comprehension Achievement, Kathleen D. Allen

Doctor of Education (EdD)

The positive effects of systematic metacognitive instruction on reading achievement have been demonstrated, but that research has generally not been translated into classroom practice. This mixed methods research study sought to facilitate reading comprehension by involving subjects metacognitively with profiles of their own cognitive strengths and weaknesses. The study was conducted with 196 intermediate elementary students in the naturalized setting of 10 classrooms. Student scores from Woodcock-Johnson III cognitive clusters were utilized to generate individual cognitive profiles. In each classroom there were three experimental levels: 1. cognitive assessment only (control group) vs. 2. cognitive assessment+ profile awareness (profile awareness group ...


Investigating Knowledge Building Dialogues In Networked Communities Of Practice. A Collaborative Learning Endeavor Across Cultures, Elsebeth K. Sorensen, Eugene S. Takle Apr 2005

Investigating Knowledge Building Dialogues In Networked Communities Of Practice. A Collaborative Learning Endeavor Across Cultures, Elsebeth K. Sorensen, Eugene S. Takle

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

We have analyzed data from two online courses, designed to promote collaborative online learning, and in the contexts of two different cultures. Ongoing assessment (self, group, instructor) that actively engages students within the course (as opposed to instructor assessment at the end) is a central feature for achieving collaborative knowledge building in online dialog. Careful articulation and deployment of assessment criteria is a design feature that promotes meta-awareness, which, in turn, together with student-centeredness and operationalization of student experiences in the design of the curriculum, enhances student participation, motivation and ownership in the dialog. From eight years of experience with ...


Meaningful Learning: Reconciling The Tensions Between Constructivist And Environmentally Sustainable Pedagogy, Nancy Van Kannel-Ray Apr 2005

Meaningful Learning: Reconciling The Tensions Between Constructivist And Environmentally Sustainable Pedagogy, Nancy Van Kannel-Ray

Dissertations

Critics of constructivism argue, in many ways correctly, that this approach to education is culturally and environmentally damaging because constructivism may not develop an understanding of the interdependence between the human community and the world in which people live. Advocates for environmentally sustainable pedagogy argue the importance of understanding patterns of thinking that allow communities to live sustainably. The purpose of this study is to resolve the tensions between the two pedagogical frameworks: constructivism and environmental sustainability.

The tensions are resolved in two ways. First, there are forms of constructivism that align in viable ways with the criteria critics argue ...


Major Elements Of Re-Orienting An Educational Institution Toward A Focus On Lifelong Learning, John A. Henschke Edd Mar 2005

Major Elements Of Re-Orienting An Educational Institution Toward A Focus On Lifelong Learning, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

This paper focuses on making a shift from a traditional higher education institution toward a focus on lifelong learning, including the following: Research on the background and experiences of various institutions in this regard, developing a policy statement on elements of this re-orientation as a product of a worldwide conference, and ultimately constructing "measurable performance indicators" for the seven elements - overarching frameworks, strategics partnership and linkages, research, teaching and learning processes, administration policies and mechanisms, decision support systems, and, student support systems and services.


High Hopes: How High Schools Respond To State Accountability Policies, Betheny Gross, Margaret E. Goertz Mar 2005

High Hopes: How High Schools Respond To State Accountability Policies, Betheny Gross, Margaret E. Goertz

CPRE Research Reports

This report by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) focuses squarely on strategies for instructional improvement in American high schools. Specifically, this study examines how high schools that perform below average incorporate their state’s accountability goals into their own goals, identify their challenges, and search for strategies for instructional improvement. We focus on how high schools of differing performance levels and contexts, residing in states with different forms of high-stakes accountability and support systems, identify, understand, and respond to the gap between their current levels of performance and external expectations for their performance.


Schema Theory In The Interior Design Studio, Lori A. Brunner Mar 2005

Schema Theory In The Interior Design Studio, Lori A. Brunner

Art and Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

Gallini (1989) argues that, “the ability to combine a collection of problems into a meaningful representation, or schema facilitates learning” (p. 244). More specifically, Chan (1990) reports, “that the ability of organizing and applying schemata determines a designer’s ability” (p. 78). The purpose of this study was to measure the impact and effectiveness of a conceptual advanced organizer, a database/analysis card model, in the interior design studio. The effectiveness characteristics were examined from four main areas of a design project: 1) organization of information, 2) categorization of information, 3) application of theory, and 4) overall design. The following ...


When Students Negotiate: An Action Research Case Study Of A Year 8 English Class In A Catholic Secondary College In Regional Victoria, Carlyn Sproston Mar 2005

When Students Negotiate: An Action Research Case Study Of A Year 8 English Class In A Catholic Secondary College In Regional Victoria, Carlyn Sproston

Theses

This action research study examines the learning experiences of Year 8 students and their teacher as they negotiate aspects of their English classes.


Learning Storm Dynamics With A Virtual Thunderstorm, William A. Gallus Jr., Cinzia Cervato, Carolina Cruz-Neira, Galen William Faidley, Rex Heer Feb 2005

Learning Storm Dynamics With A Virtual Thunderstorm, William A. Gallus Jr., Cinzia Cervato, Carolina Cruz-Neira, Galen William Faidley, Rex Heer

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

The virtual supercell thunderstorm, scaled to match those commonly observed, can be viewed in a highly immersive CAVE™-like environment (a projection-based virtual reality environment) or on a desktop PC. The virtual storm represents an instant in time during the mature, roughly steady-state stage of a tornadic supercell, and includes such visually realistic features as a wall cloud, tornado, tail cloud, comma-shaped rain region, anvil cloud, mammatus, rear-flank downdraft clear slot, and shelf cloud. Audio representing the roar of the tornado, thunder, rain of varying intensity, and hail has been included.


A Child Welfare Course For Aboriginal And Non- Aboriginal Students: Pedagogical And Technical Challenges, Jacquie Rice-Green, Gary C. Dumbrill Jan 2005

A Child Welfare Course For Aboriginal And Non- Aboriginal Students: Pedagogical And Technical Challenges, Jacquie Rice-Green, Gary C. Dumbrill

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

This chapter describes the development of a Web-based undergraduate child welfare course for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal learners. Rather than simply incorporate an Aboriginal perspective into Eurocentric pedagogies and course structures, the authors disrupt the dominance of Western ways of knowing in education by designing the course to situate Western knowledge as a way of knowing rather than the way of knowing and the frame from which all other perspectives are understood. In this research the authors describe the differences between Aboriginal and European thought and reveal how Web-based courses can be designed in ways that do not perpetuate Eurocentrism.


Academically Based Community Service And Communities Of Difference, Gloria Gordon Phd Jan 2005

Academically Based Community Service And Communities Of Difference, Gloria Gordon Phd

Gloria Gordon PhD

Academically-Based Community Service (ABCS) is used as an educational philosophy through which learners in my classrooms engage with social issues within and beyond the classroom/university. ABCS is based on the idea that higher education institutions are of primary importance in any society and especially so in a globalising world – in short what we, as academics and students, do matters and makes a difference in society/the world. Students are facilitated to realise that through their studies they are exploring the means by which they can be of service to their communities and world. ABCS allows them to engage with ...


Construction Of Standardized Achievement Test For, Dr. Uche J. Obidiegwu Jan 2005

Construction Of Standardized Achievement Test For, Dr. Uche J. Obidiegwu

Dr. Uche J. Obidiegwu

This study focused on the necessity of constructing and using standardized achievement instrument for assessing adult learners. Tests and other procedures for measuring learners’ progress serve as basis for instructional decisions taken by educators on learners. For this reasons, educators are supposed to be versed on the production of good quality tests in order to obtain true estimates of learners’ achievement. This study discussed the qualities which a good test should have namely; validity, reliability and usability. It explained the importance of ensuring that items which have desired psychometric characteristics (difficulty, discrimination and distractor indices) are included in an instrument ...


Perceptions Of Effective Web-Based Design For Secondary School Students: A Narrative Analysis Of Previously Collected Data, Michael K. Barbour Jan 2005

Perceptions Of Effective Web-Based Design For Secondary School Students: A Narrative Analysis Of Previously Collected Data, Michael K. Barbour

Education Faculty Publications

In this article, I present the findings of a study on the perception of course developers and electronic teachers on the characteristics of effective web-based design for secondary school students. Through interviews, the perceptions of these participants on the use of various web-based components, how to incorporate sound instructional strategies into the web-based material, and the effectiveness of both the asynchronous web-based content and the synchronous delivery of that content are investigated in a virtual high school context.


Methods For Marine Ecosystems Research Through The Use Of Pdas With Preservice Teachers, Antoinette P. Bruciati, Maria Lizano-Dimare Jan 2005

Methods For Marine Ecosystems Research Through The Use Of Pdas With Preservice Teachers, Antoinette P. Bruciati, Maria Lizano-Dimare

Education Faculty Publications

Science teachers are charged with the task of providing students in grades K-12 with opportunities that will enable them to make sense of science and develop habits of mind. One goal of science education is to prepare well-rounded citizens who are scientifically literate. Through inquiry-based learning, students formulate questions, perform investigations, and construct new understandings.

It is important for preservice science teachers to be introduced to current techniques, discoveries, and debates in the field of science. The use of personal digital assistants (PDAs) can provide K-12 students with increased opportunities for exploring and learning through scientific investigations. In order for ...