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Educational Methods

2002

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra Dec 2002

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to analyze the effect of guided reading on second graders reading achievement. This study also examined the effect guided reading had on students' attitude towards reading.

The subjects included forty-two second graders from a rural school in western New York. There were two second grade classes who participated in the study. The experimental group received guided reading. The control group did not.

The researcher used Running Reading Records as the tool to determine the students' reading level. The students Running Reading Records were taken at the beginning of the study and again at the end of ...


Using A Computer Simulation To Teach Science Process Skills To College Biology And Elementary Majors, Aimée T. Lee, Rosalina V. Hairston, Rachel Thames, Tonya Lawrence, Sherry S. Herron Dec 2002

Using A Computer Simulation To Teach Science Process Skills To College Biology And Elementary Majors, Aimée T. Lee, Rosalina V. Hairston, Rachel Thames, Tonya Lawrence, Sherry S. Herron

Faculty Publications

The Lateblight computer simulation (Arneson and Ticknor, 1990) has been implemented in the general biology laboratory and the science methods course for elementary teachers to reinforce the processes of science and to allow the students to engage, explore, explain, elaborate and evaluate the methods of building concepts in science. The students develop testable hypotheses and then use the program to run experiments and collect data. In addition, they research relevant background information and subsequently present their results in a poster during class.


Schedulexpert: Scheduling Courses In The Cornell University School Of Hotel Administration, Timothy R. Hinkin, Gary Thompson Nov 2002

Schedulexpert: Scheduling Courses In The Cornell University School Of Hotel Administration, Timothy R. Hinkin, Gary Thompson

Articles and Chapters

A major curriculum review in the School of Hotel Administration at Cornell University revealed that course scheduling was a major problem for the school. We devised a methodology to improve the system and developed a computer program, SchedulExpert, to automate the scheduling process. By using the program, we have eliminated conflicts among core required courses by year and among electives within areas and minimized conflicts among elective sets specified by faculty members. We used to spend weeks on scheduling, but now we achieve better results in only a few hours.


The Limits And Contradictions Of Systemic Reform: The Philadelphia Story, Thomas B. Corcoran, Jolley Bruce Christman Nov 2002

The Limits And Contradictions Of Systemic Reform: The Philadelphia Story, Thomas B. Corcoran, Jolley Bruce Christman

CPRE Research Reports

In Philadelphia, the Annenberg Challenge was known as Children Achieving and was a districtwide systemic reform initiative designed and led by a small core group of District officials and external partners. This report examines the Children Achieving Challenge and the strategies the designers employed to improve teaching and learning in the public schools. Among the conditions associated with the Annenberg Challenge were requirements that two matching dollars be raised for each one received from the Annenberg Foundation and that an independent management structure be created to provide program, fiscal, and evaluation oversight of the grant. In Philadelphia, a business organization ...


Impact Of America's Choice On Student Performance In Duval County, Florida, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Brooke Snyder Taylor, Henry May Oct 2002

Impact Of America's Choice On Student Performance In Duval County, Florida, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Brooke Snyder Taylor, Henry May

CPRE Research Reports

This study, conducted by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE), reports on the impact of the America's Choice school design on student standardized test performance in Duval County, Florida. We present the results of the first two years of the impact of America's Choice in Duval County in elementary and middle schools in writing, reading, and mathematics using test data from 1999-2001.

To detect the effects of America's Choice on student learning, we compared the gains in performance of students in America's Choice schools to those of students in other schools in the district ...


Imsa 2061 Program Year 2001-2002 Summary Report, Steven R. Rogg Aug 2002

Imsa 2061 Program Year 2001-2002 Summary Report, Steven R. Rogg

Steven R Rogg

In 2000 IMSA and the American Association for the Advancement of Science’s Project 2061 established a partnership, IMSA 2061, to offer unique and nationally recognized professional development programs for mathematics and science teachers and education leaders. Participants in the IMSA 2061 professional development programs learn to use the tools, research, and experiences of education reform to enable all students to achieve the learning expressed in state and national standards. Activities described in this report fall into two categories, Introductory Workshops and long-term programs with districts. IMSA 2061 Introductory Workshops help educators become aware of how to apply Project 2061 ...


Parent Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding For Children With Varying Disabilities, Anita L. Scialli Jul 2002

Parent Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Therapeutic Horseback Riding For Children With Varying Disabilities, Anita L. Scialli

Student Theses, Dissertations, Portfolios and Projects

Disabilities affect 54 million people and 4.4 million children in the U.S. and are of importance to special education faculty (Center for Disease Control 2000). A survey design examines the effectiveness of human-animal interaction, specifically horseback riding, in children with varying disabilities.

Therapeutic horseback riding as an animal assisted therapy, aims to promote mind and body integration through movement (psychomotricity) and the human-animal bond (Delta Society, 2001a; Spink, 1993, All, Loving & Crane, 1999). Effectiveness is measured by parent assessment of improvement in 67 child behaviors resulting from child participation in horseback riding, using a new Horseback Riding Survey ...


Civic Engagement And Urban School Improvement: Hard-To-Learn Lessons From Philadelphia, Jolley Bruce Christman, Amy Rhodes Jun 2002

Civic Engagement And Urban School Improvement: Hard-To-Learn Lessons From Philadelphia, Jolley Bruce Christman, Amy Rhodes

CPRE Research Reports

Philadelphia’s Children Achieving was a sweeping systemic reform initiative. Systemic reform eschews a school-byschool approach to reform and relies on coherent policy, improved coordination of resources and services, content and performance standards, decentralization of decision-making, and accountability mechanisms to transform entire school systems. Led by a dynamic superintendent and central office personnel, Children Achieving was the first attempt by an urban district to test systemic reform in practice.

In 1996, the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) at the University of Pennsylvania and its partner, Research for Action (RFA), were charged by the Children Achieving Challenge with the ...


Reading And Phonological Awareness Gains In A Second/Third Grade Bridge Class, Lian Chen May 2002

Reading And Phonological Awareness Gains In A Second/Third Grade Bridge Class, Lian Chen

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Reading is a fundamental skill that is used on a daily basis as we are bombarded with print. It is also the basis for the majority of formal education. When someone lacks the skills and strategies needed to read, reading becomes a frustrating experience. The key to overcoming deficits in reading is prevention utilizing research-based methodology. This widely debated topic has lead to the recognition of the necessity of the infusing of phonics into the instruction. In this study, a one-on-one, cross age peer tutoring program using systematic, explicit phonics instruction, Teach your child to read in 100 easy lessons ...


Learning Through Meaningful Work: The Post Office Job At City & Country School, Scott Moran May 2002

Learning Through Meaningful Work: The Post Office Job At City & Country School, Scott Moran

Graduate Student Independent Studies

This independent study is a description of the Post Office job at City & Country School. The school runs a jobs program for children ages eight to thirteen years old (third - eight grades). The eight year old group runs the school Post Office. Chapter 1 presents an introduction to City & Country School. Chapter 2 discusses the Post Office job and its development through the course of a school year. Chapter 3 discusses the developmental orientation of the jobs program. Finally, chapter 4 raises other topics for discussion, including the possible sociopolitical implications and subject integration issues involved in this type of ...


The Degree To Which Student Self-Selection Of Literature From A Variety Of Genres Is Influenced By Teacher-Led Book Talks, Shawn L. Ranney May 2002

The Degree To Which Student Self-Selection Of Literature From A Variety Of Genres Is Influenced By Teacher-Led Book Talks, Shawn L. Ranney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teacher-led book talks in positively influencing students to select literature from a variety of genres. The subjects of this study consisted of twenty-four fifth grade students from a suburban elementary school in western New York who were exposed to teacher-led book talks designed to present a variety of literary genres.

Within a weekly cycle, participants were exposed daily to teacher-led book talks, a whole class brainstorming session, and a journal prompt intended to guide their reflections on a particular genre. The teacher-led book talks were comprised of oral readings ...


Promoting Equality And Access In Higher Education: A Comparative Study Of State Sponsored Preferential Policies In Great Britain, India And South Africa, Lanaia C. Dubose May 2002

Promoting Equality And Access In Higher Education: A Comparative Study Of State Sponsored Preferential Policies In Great Britain, India And South Africa, Lanaia C. Dubose

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Recent U.S. court decisions striking down affirmative action policies in college admissions have caused universities to seek diversity programs that can hold up to public and Jesa1 scrutiny while maintaining diversity on campus. The purpose of this thesis is to study the preference programs of other countries and determine if successful elements could be duplicated here in the United States. Specifically, the study looks at whether countries who use equality of opportunity programs (which focus on training initiatives) are more successful in increasing enrollment and hiring numbers of minorities than equality of outcome measures (which focus on quotas). The ...


Music Of The Mind: An Examination Of Music As A Communication Conduit For Autistic Children In An Educational Atmosphere, Sarah A. Mcgovern May 2002

Music Of The Mind: An Examination Of Music As A Communication Conduit For Autistic Children In An Educational Atmosphere, Sarah A. Mcgovern

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Topics covered in this investigation are autism, music therapy, and education. Music has a unique way to communicate and touch people like no other medium. It knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries and can be used for various therapeutic reasons, such as autism. This study investigates whether music is an effective form of communication for autistic children in and educational environment. Books, journal articles and websites related to these topics were used as sources in this research project. In addition, the author conducted a survey to receive a better idea of how the public views the affect music has ...


Literacy Assessment Practices (Lap) In Selected Developing Countries: Analytic Review Of Four Lap Country Case Studies, Daniel A. Wagner Apr 2002

Literacy Assessment Practices (Lap) In Selected Developing Countries: Analytic Review Of Four Lap Country Case Studies, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The present paper provides an analytic review of four country case studies that were prepared for the Literacy Assessment Practices (LAP) project, undertaken jointly by the International Literacy Institute (ILI) and UNESCO, in collaboration with UIS and UIE. This report attempts to provide a summary of key issues, as well as to identify lessons learned and areas that are in need of further investigation. Examples are drawn from the four cases in the light of the present context of the field of adult literacy, and various conclusions and new directions are drawn from this material. Overall, in the context for ...


Implementation Of The America's Choice Literacy Workshops, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Susan M. Poglinco, Amy J. Bach Apr 2002

Implementation Of The America's Choice Literacy Workshops, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Susan M. Poglinco, Amy J. Bach

CPRE Research Reports

Fostering literacy is at the heart of the America’s Choice Comprehensive School Reform Design. Strong reading and writing skills are viewed as cornerstones of successful student performance in all subject areas. The readers and writers workshops, which together we call the literacy workshops, play a central role in moving all children toward high standards of performance. The workshops are designed to provide students with a rich immersion into the numerous skills and habits necessary to become fluent readers and writers. The structures of the literacy workshops are intended to facilitate teachers’ analyses of student skills (as represented by their ...


A Decade Of Charter Schools: From Theory To Practice, Katrina Bulkley, Jennifer Fisher Apr 2002

A Decade Of Charter Schools: From Theory To Practice, Katrina Bulkley, Jennifer Fisher

CPRE Policy Briefs

The number of schools operating under charter school laws has soared over the last decade, from a small number operating in just a few states to more than 2,300 schools serving over 575,000 students in 34 states and the District of Columbia. More than half of these schools are concentrated in a few states — Arizona has over 400 charter schools, and California, Florida, Michigan, and Texas each has more than 150.

Charter schools are relatively autonomous schools of choice that operate under a charter or contract issued by a public entity such as a local school board, public ...


It’S Time To Upgrade: Tests And Administration Procedures For The New Millennium, Michael Russell Apr 2002

It’S Time To Upgrade: Tests And Administration Procedures For The New Millennium, Michael Russell

Essays in Education

Increasing use of computers in schools has led to a mis-alignment between the way some students develop skill and knowledge and how they are tested. This paper reviews past research that demonstrates that paper-based tests that require students to produce written responses underestimate the achievement of students who are accustomed to writing on computer. The paper then explores how learning that occurs through other instructional uses of computers is not adequately captured by current testing practices. The paper argues that new approaches should be explored to better measure student learning.


An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier Apr 2002

An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of commercially produced software. It evaluated the effectiveness of two different treatments and explored the relationship this may have upon increasing students' reading comprehension among fourth grade students. The subjects involved were forty heterogeneously grouped fourth grade students from a rural school setting school. The students were divided into two groups. A total of sixteen stories were read. The first group, Treatment A, utilized the computers, paired with commercially produced software, to complete eight reading passages. The second group, Treatment B, read the same stories but relied on non-computer methods ...


Museum Educators' Workshop Study Highlights: Attracting And Retaining Teachers In Museum-Sponsored Professional Development Programs, Steven Rogg Mar 2002

Museum Educators' Workshop Study Highlights: Attracting And Retaining Teachers In Museum-Sponsored Professional Development Programs, Steven Rogg

Steven R Rogg

Following Phase I, of the Museums In the Park Study, the Planning Team used this information to design and conduct the Museum Educators’ Workshop event on March 15, 2002. Highlights of the Phase-I study were also presented to participants at the workshop event.


An Analysis Of The Effects Of Children Achieving On Student Achievement In Philadelphia Elementary Schools, Erin Tighe, Aubrey Wang, Ellen Foley Feb 2002

An Analysis Of The Effects Of Children Achieving On Student Achievement In Philadelphia Elementary Schools, Erin Tighe, Aubrey Wang, Ellen Foley

CPRE Research Reports

Philadelphia’s Children Achieving was a sweeping systemic reform initiative. Systemic reform eschews a school-byschool approach to reform and relies on coherent policy, improved coordination of resources and services, content and performance standards, decentralization of decision-making, and accountability mechanisms to transform entire school systems. Led by a dynamic superintendent and central office personnel, Children Achieving was the first attempt by an urban district to test systemic reform in practice.

In 1996, the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) at the University of Pennsylvania and its partner, Research for Action (RFA), were charged by the Children Achieving Challenge with the ...


Maps-Ii Study Final Report For The Initiative “Museums And Public Schools” On Behalf Of Museums In The Park And Chicago Public Schools, Steven R. Rogg Jan 2002

Maps-Ii Study Final Report For The Initiative “Museums And Public Schools” On Behalf Of Museums In The Park And Chicago Public Schools, Steven R. Rogg

Steven R Rogg

The Museums and Public Schools (MAPS) initiative intends to “create a lasting impact on teaching and learning by integrating museum resources into the educational process and serve as a national model.” It is conceived as a “sustained partnership of museums and schools, students and teachers,” engaging them in “authentic learning experiences.” This is to be accomplished primarily via the explicit incorporation of relevant (as indicated by the Chicago Academic Standards) cultural, historical, and scientific resources of Chicago’s world-class museums into the curriculum of Chicago Public Schools. The result is to be an experience of education that is powerfully rich ...


Self-Reflection For Staff Development, Mainus Sultan Jan 2002

Self-Reflection For Staff Development, Mainus Sultan

Methods, Training, & Materials Development

The larger purpose of this module is to create a learning climate that fosters the professional growth of development workers. This approach offers a subjective framework that encourages each participant to contribute to the development of the educational environment. The key rationale for creating an environment that is conductive to learning is to allow the participants to step back from their field reality in order to reflect upon their work experience. The tools presented emphasize the exploration of participants' existing knowledge instead of focusing on providing new information. The key objective is to develop a method that assists the participants ...


Kinsey Dialogue Series #4: Claiming Global Space: Global Grassroots Movements, Srilatha Batliwala Jan 2002

Kinsey Dialogue Series #4: Claiming Global Space: Global Grassroots Movements, Srilatha Batliwala

Participatory Research & Practice

The influence of transnational civil society organizations and networks - both civil and uncivil - in global politics and unprecedented. Among them, those dedicated to greater social and economic equity and equality, to human security, ecological sustainability, peace, inclusion, and tolerance, have played a particularly effective role in restructuring the norms that inform policy and regulatory frameworks for the world. Some scholarly analysts grant that they have in fact effectively restructured global politics in visible and lasting ways. For this very reason, perhaps, their legitimacy, accountability and constituency base is being challenged by states, multinational corporations, scholars, and leaders of the powerful ...


Malawi Teachers' Knowledge Of And Attitudes Towards Standardized Tests, Leah Kaira Jan 2002

Malawi Teachers' Knowledge Of And Attitudes Towards Standardized Tests, Leah Kaira

Master's Capstone Projects

Standardized tests play a great role in education. In Malawi, results of these tests are used to make: critical decisions about individuals, hence the need for students to be well prepared. Students' performance can be influenced by their teachers' attitude toward and knowledge of standardized tests. This survey was designed to establish Malawian teachers· knowledge of standardized tests and their attitude towards these tests. While the teachers displayed positive attitudes, it was found that they would benefit from more knowledge about standardized tests.


Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Classroom Assessment: Implications On The Implementation Of School-Based Assessment In Malawi, Chokocha Mathias Selemani-Mbewe Jan 2002

Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Classroom Assessment: Implications On The Implementation Of School-Based Assessment In Malawi, Chokocha Mathias Selemani-Mbewe

Master's Capstone Projects

The study investigated a sample of Malawi Secondary School teachers’ knowledge, attitude and practice of classroom assessment. A knowledge of classroom test and an attitude toward classroom test survey were administered to 51 qualified teachers from six randomly selected secondary schools. Focus group discussions were also conducted to get an in depth understanding of the problem under investigation. Two schools were national secondary schools; two were district boarding schools, and other two were district day secondary schools. The results of the study indicate that although the teachers had positive attitudes toward classroom assessment, they had very limited knowledge in this ...


Ghair Riyasati Idary, Bernadette L. Dean Jan 2002

Ghair Riyasati Idary, Bernadette L. Dean

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


We Know More Than We Are, At First, Prepared To Acknowledge: Journeying To Develop Critical Thinking, Peter John Taylor Jan 2002

We Know More Than We Are, At First, Prepared To Acknowledge: Journeying To Develop Critical Thinking, Peter John Taylor

Working Papers in Critical, Creative and Reflective Practice

Exponents of critical thinking emphasize the teaching of skills and dispositions for scrutinizing the assumptions, reasoning, and evidence brought to bear on an issue by others and by oneself. In short, they promote thinking about thinking. But how do students come to see where there are issues to be opened up and identify them without relying on some authority? The current form of my evolving "answer" is that people need support to grapple with inevitable tensions in personal and intellectual development—support to undertake journeys that involve risk, open up questions, create more experiences than can be integrated at first ...


Back Matter Jan 2002

Back Matter

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

No abstract provided.


Jaepl, Vol. 8, Winter 2002-2003, Katie S. Fleckenstein, Linda T. Calendrillo Jan 2002

Jaepl, Vol. 8, Winter 2002-2003, Katie S. Fleckenstein, Linda T. Calendrillo

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Essays

Charles Suhor. James Moffett's Lit Crit and Holy Writ. In one of Moffett's final presentations, he traced parallels between literary criticism and the study of scripture from various traditions. He explained the development of his Points of View spectrum as a response to his high school teaching experiences and presented an updated version of the spectrum.

Gina Briefs-Elgin. Something to Have at Heart: Another Look at Memorization. After tracing the history of learning by heart, this essay explores its advantages and suggest that we restore this time-honored practice which can enrich our students' relationships with words and ...


Successful Blunders: Reflection, Deflection, Teaching, Devan Cook Jan 2002

Successful Blunders: Reflection, Deflection, Teaching, Devan Cook

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Often we expect students' experience with assignments to reflect our own or those of previous students, but we may blunder when we base our teaching on past successes. By deflecting such assignments and constructing unexpected identities, students and instructors alike learn and teach.