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Educational Methods

2000

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Inventing Metaphors To Understand The Genre Of Poetry, Phyllis Whitin Dec 2000

Inventing Metaphors To Understand The Genre Of Poetry, Phyllis Whitin

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

To make personally meaningful connections with poetry as a genre, students in the author's seventh grade classes generated original metaphors to describe the essence of poetry.


The Widening Gyre: Images As Central To The Global Village, Mark Smith Dec 2000

The Widening Gyre: Images As Central To The Global Village, Mark Smith

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

The image is emerging as the lingua franca of technological culture, both resurrecting characteristics of pre-literate classicism and consolidating the global community.


Scholastic Aptitudes And The Future Of An Illusion, Editor Nov 2000

Scholastic Aptitudes And The Future Of An Illusion, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes basic problems with how the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) is conceived and employed in the United States (US).


Moving A University Or College Toward A Lifelong Learning Orientation, John A. Henschke Edd Oct 2000

Moving A University Or College Toward A Lifelong Learning Orientation, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

Extensive research and experiences have been conducted in to the processes necessary for moving a university or college toward a lifelong learning orientation. These ideas are presented here for consideration and assistance for these who wish to implement and test the ideas in new and different contexts. This paper focuses on the following elements: A definition of lifelong learning; Criteria producing a solution to today's lifelong learning issues, Faculty development of good practice oriented toward understanding and helping adults learn; Domains for planning and implementing a successful lifelong learning institution; Understanding developments that will change the environment in which ...


The District Role In Building Capacity: Four Strategies, Diane Massell Sep 2000

The District Role In Building Capacity: Four Strategies, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

School districts strongly influence the strategic choices that schools make to improve teaching and learning. Districts—composed of local school boards, superintendents, and central office staff—act as gatekeepers for federal and state policy by translating, interpreting, supporting, or blocking actions on their schools’ behalf. In fact, the efforts of districts to build the capacity of students, teachers, and schools are often the major, and sometimes only, source of external assistance that schools receive. In an effort to revisit the often forgotten role of districts in the improvement process, this policy brief explores the promises and challenges of four major ...


The Story Of A Service-Learning Project: Mathematics In The Park, Joyce O'Halloran Sep 2000

The Story Of A Service-Learning Project: Mathematics In The Park, Joyce O'Halloran

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Maps Study Final Report For The Program “Museums And Public Schools” On Behalf Of Museums In The Park And Chicago Public Schools, Steven R. Rogg Aug 2000

Maps Study Final Report For The Program “Museums And Public Schools” On Behalf Of Museums In The Park And Chicago Public Schools, Steven R. Rogg

Steven R Rogg

Evaluation of the first year implementation of the Museums and Public schools (MAPS) initiative is reported. The MAPS initiative is described in its original proposal in the following way: “Guided by the Chicago and Illinois academic standards, (MAPS) …will, over time, make museum resources a creative and integral part of classroom learning and teaching. In so doing, this partnership will enhance teacher knowledge and skills, enrich student educational experiences and advance the educational attainment of all children in Chicago’s public schools. In short, this collaboration is an investment in Chicago’s future.”


The Evaluation Of Education Systems: Insecurity Through Testing?, Editor Jul 2000

The Evaluation Of Education Systems: Insecurity Through Testing?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some fallacies in a common approach to employing the testing of students in evaluating education systems.


An Investigation Of Skill Acquisition Under Conditions Of Augmented Reality, Russell P. Milham Jul 2000

An Investigation Of Skill Acquisition Under Conditions Of Augmented Reality, Russell P. Milham

Theses - Daytona Beach

Augmented reality is a virtual environment that integrates rendered content with the experience of the real world. There is evidence suggesting that augmented reality provides for important spatial constancy of objects relative to the real world coordinate system and that this quality contributes to rapid skill acquisition. The qualities of simulation, through the use of augmented reality, may be incorporated into actual job activities to produce a condition of "just-in-time learning." This may make possible the rapid acquisition of information and reliable completion of novel or infrequently performed tasks by individuals possessing a basic skill-set. The purpose of this research ...


Literacy, Technological Literacy, And The Digital Divide, Daniel A. Wagner May 2000

Literacy, Technological Literacy, And The Digital Divide, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The United Nations estimates that there are one billion illiterate adults in the world today (about one-quarter of the world's adult population), the vast majority of whom are located in the poorest half of the world. Furthermore, recent surveys suggest that this situation is even more serious than previously believed. Industrialized (OECD) countries now admit to having very serious problems of their own in literacy and basic skills, with up to 25% of adults considered to be lacking the basic skills needed to function effectively in the workforce (see OECD/Statistics Canada, 1995; Tuijnman et al., 1997).


A Study Into The Effects Of Cross-Age Tutoring On First Grade Students’ Attitudes Towards Reading, Kristen M.C. Pettis May 2000

A Study Into The Effects Of Cross-Age Tutoring On First Grade Students’ Attitudes Towards Reading, Kristen M.C. Pettis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not a cross-age reading program between first and fifth grade students would positively affect first grade students attitude toward reading.

A sample population of two first grade students was drawn from one first grade inclusion class in a middle income, suburban school district. An A-B-A-B single subject design was used in the study.

Student attitude toward reading was evaluated by using the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey for four weeks. The results of the surveys were graphed and analyzed.

The results of this study suggest that the treatment of cross-age tutoring ...


The Effects Of A Balanced Literacy Program On Kindergartners’ Writing, Catherine Valente Melia May 2000

The Effects Of A Balanced Literacy Program On Kindergartners’ Writing, Catherine Valente Melia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine how the implementation of a balanced literacy program affects the writing of kindergartners in comparison to the writing of kindergartners involved in a more traditional instructional program. This study involved 36 kindergartners from two classrooms in a suburban district in Western New York. The chosen classrooms were selected because of the differences in their early literacy practices. The kindergartners in this study were part of a full day program. The subjects came from diverse socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds. A heterogeneous mix of ability levels was represented. The kindergartners were given a writing ...


Factors Influencing Middle School Teachers To Change Classroom Practice In Response To Standards-Based Reform, Gayle Yvonne Thieman May 2000

Factors Influencing Middle School Teachers To Change Classroom Practice In Response To Standards-Based Reform, Gayle Yvonne Thieman

Dissertations and Theses

In an environment of systemic educational reform, which emphasizes the alignment of curriculum standards, instructional practices, and assessments, an important question arises: What are the factors which influence teachers to change their classroom practice in response to standards-based reforms ? My study examined the initial legislative model, Washington Education Reform Act HB1209 (1993), and tested other factors that led to changes in classroom practice in three middle schools which are currently implementing HB1209.

The case studies included multiple sources of evidence (administrator and teacher interviews, surveys, classroom observations, focus groups, and documents). The data were analyzed for each school individually and ...


School-Based Performance Award Programs, Teacher Motivation, And School Performance: Findings From A Study Of Three Programs, Carol Kelley, Herbert G. Heneman Iii, Anthony Milanowski Apr 2000

School-Based Performance Award Programs, Teacher Motivation, And School Performance: Findings From A Study Of Three Programs, Carol Kelley, Herbert G. Heneman Iii, Anthony Milanowski

CPRE Research Reports

Building on a strong foundation of research and experience with educational reform across the nation, in the 1990s educational policymakers undertook sophisticated comprehensive educational reform efforts. The centerpiece of these reforms was the creation of state educational standards, assessments, and goals, and the realignment of state and local resources to support the achievement of these goals. A number of states and districts have embraced the idea of performance-based accountability (Fuhrman, 1999), in which rewards and sometimes sanctions are used as incentives for measurable improvement in student achievement. Some jurisdictions have modified their teacher compensation systems in order to provide incentives ...


From Research To Practice And Back Again: Timss As A Tool For Educational Improvement, Marlies Dunson Apr 2000

From Research To Practice And Back Again: Timss As A Tool For Educational Improvement, Marlies Dunson

CPRE Policy Briefs

The U.S. Department of Education released data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) to serve as a “starting point to examine U.S. education, student achievement, teaching and curricula.” The researchers and administrators of TIMSS hoped that these findings would provoke reflective discussions by providing a different lens through which schools could reevaluate their current practices and education policymakers could benefit from new insights. In the three years following the release of the first set of data, a number of states, districts, and schools have delved deeply into TIMSS for policy development and school improvement, receiving ...


Undergraduate Business Internships And Career Success: Are They Related?, Jack Gault, John Redington, Tammy Schlager Apr 2000

Undergraduate Business Internships And Career Success: Are They Related?, Jack Gault, John Redington, Tammy Schlager

Marketing

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Study Skills Training On United States Air Force Allied Health Students, John C. Griffith Feb 2000

The Effect Of Study Skills Training On United States Air Force Allied Health Students, John C. Griffith

John Griffith

Students given study skills course intervention required significantly fewer academic interventions beyond normal classroom instruction and significantly higher end-of-course averages than student who were not trained in study skills. Additionally, students trained in study skills graduated at a higher rate than students who did not receive the training.


Counting Quality, John Strassburger Jan 2000

Counting Quality, John Strassburger

Publications

This is the fifth in a series of occasional papers about the challenges confronting students and what Ursinus is doing to help them enter adult life.


The Benedum Collaborative Model Of Teacher Education Student Handbook, Jason Cartwright, Ann Nutter, Judy A. Abbott, Sarah Steel Jan 2000

The Benedum Collaborative Model Of Teacher Education Student Handbook, Jason Cartwright, Ann Nutter, Judy A. Abbott, Sarah Steel

Faculty Publications

The College of Human Resources & Education welcomes you as students in the Five-Year Teacher Education Program. You will find that your experiences in the Benedum Collaborative will prepare you well as you begin your work in the teaching profession. Our partnership with the professional development schools in the Collaborative provides the setting for clinical experiences that build on your course work at West Virginia University.


The Beanpot Game: An Educational Tool For Teaching Nutrition To Hispanic Populations In The United States, Roja Affolter-Aschari Jan 2000

The Beanpot Game: An Educational Tool For Teaching Nutrition To Hispanic Populations In The United States, Roja Affolter-Aschari

Master's Capstone Projects

This masters project documents the process of the development of a game to teach nutritional behaviors as a strategy to address major health problems in the Hispanic populations in New England. The game can be easily adapted to meet diverse cultural requirements across the U.S.

After discussing the major issues that plague nutrition education programs for Hispanic populations, this paper discusses arguments that support the idea to attempt to teach nutritional issues through the use of games. The paper also discusses the use of culturally appropriate nutrition symbols, the choice of quiz questions, as well as the research process ...


Teacher Reflection In A School Committed To Student Reflection, Debra Richardson Smith Jan 2000

Teacher Reflection In A School Committed To Student Reflection, Debra Richardson Smith

Educational Studies Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of three veteran teachers in an elementary school in which there was an explicit commitment to fostering children's reflection about their own learning.


Kinsey Dialogue Series #2: Participatory Research And Action: Flower, Weed, Or Genetically Modified Monster?, Eileen Kane Jan 2000

Kinsey Dialogue Series #2: Participatory Research And Action: Flower, Weed, Or Genetically Modified Monster?, Eileen Kane

Participatory Research & Practice

Over the last fifteen years I have been using participatory research in many areas, and especially to look at problems and opportunities for girls' education in developing countries. In this paper, I want to share some ideas about what I think needs to happen if participatory approaches are to grow and flourish in the future. The questions I am asking are, "what is participatory research? is it a sunflower, getting stronger as it pushes toward enlightenment? Is it kudzu, omnipresent and sometimes out of place? Is it a rootless creation, a carbuncle grafted on to the conventional trunk of research ...


Basic Skills In Adult Education And The Digital Divide, Lynda Ginsburg, John Sabatini, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 2000

Basic Skills In Adult Education And The Digital Divide, Lynda Ginsburg, John Sabatini, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Traditionally, basic adult education has had a particular concern with the skills of literacy and numeracy, seeing these as essential for entry to the world of work. Adult education teachers may therefore be reluctant to adopt ICT, unsure of the part it should play, and worried about the time it takes away from the development of these basic skills. As we enter the 21st century, however, ICT has already become a necessary and important component of adult education. Formal and non-formal education are being delivered at a distance via technology — particularly the Internet — with the promise that learning can take ...


Small Schools: Great Strides, A Study Of New Schools In Chicago, Patricia A. Wasley, Michelle Fine, Matt Gladden, Nicole E. Holland, Sherry P. King, Esther Mosak, Linda C. Powell Jan 2000

Small Schools: Great Strides, A Study Of New Schools In Chicago, Patricia A. Wasley, Michelle Fine, Matt Gladden, Nicole E. Holland, Sherry P. King, Esther Mosak, Linda C. Powell

Books

This book documents a two-year study and analysis of small schools in Chicago. Using a mixed-method study, gathering both quantitative and qualitative data, the research serves to compare results to previous studies of small urban schools.The study examines the effects of small schools on students, parents, teachers, and community members. Both previous and current research suggest that small school size is correlated with an increase in student attendance, performance, and better sense of community overall.


College Science Via Internet: How Effective Is It?, Kathleen Flickinger, Connie Hargrave Jan 2000

College Science Via Internet: How Effective Is It?, Kathleen Flickinger, Connie Hargrave

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

In this paper college science instruction via the Internet is examined from three perspectives: students' on-line learning experiences; a comparative examination of learning on-line versus traditional instruction; and instructors' experiences teaching on-line. The setting was a freshman-level human anatomy / physiology course. Three students participated in a collective case study to describe the learning environment created by the Internet course. Motivation, computer savvy, and self-confidence were important to their success. A quantitative study of the on-line course and the traditional course evaluated the comparative effectiveness of the learning environments. Achievement scores and survey results indicated content understanding and retention were not ...


Implementing A Context-Based Teaching Curriculum For French Learners At The Mtc, Stephanie Wallace Olsen Jan 2000

Implementing A Context-Based Teaching Curriculum For French Learners At The Mtc, Stephanie Wallace Olsen

Theses and Dissertations

Two control groups and two experimental groups of missionaries and teachers participated in a study comparing a grammar-based method of teaching to a context-based method. The study lasted for two weeks during June 1997. Each classroom was recorded using a timing-based observation system that captured 13 missionary and teacher language behaviors. The behaviors were recorded in real time and later evaluated to determine in which classroom setting the most real communication occurred. A second purpose was to determine the effectiveness of teacher training with respect to teachers in the experimental group. Findings revealed that missionaries in the context-based classroom received ...


Strategies For Maintaining Positive Behavior Change Stemming From Functional Behavioral Assessment In Schools, Robert A. Gable, Jo M. Hendrickson Jan 2000

Strategies For Maintaining Positive Behavior Change Stemming From Functional Behavioral Assessment In Schools, Robert A. Gable, Jo M. Hendrickson

Communication Disorders & Special Education Faculty Publications

Nationwide, schools are struggling to prepare IEP teams and other school personnel to conduct functional behavioral assessment and develop positive behavioral intervention plans and supports. While there is a growing evidence that functional behavioral assessment is effective in identifying the reason(s) behind student misbehavior, less is known about producing positive, long-term changes that are both functionally and socially relevant. Drawing upon the available research, we explore an emerging technology for promoting maintenance and generalization of behavior change. We discuss various strategies and procedures and offer recommendations to IEP teams regarding maintaining positive changes in student behavior that stem from ...


Encouraging Motivation Using Songs And Cooperative Learning To Improve Intercultural Understanding, In-Ryang Park Jan 2000

Encouraging Motivation Using Songs And Cooperative Learning To Improve Intercultural Understanding, In-Ryang Park

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this study is to explore the students' motivation using songs and cooperative learning to improve intercultural understanding and to achieve communicative competence. The target level is the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) intermediate level students in South Korea.


The Evolving Child: Theories Of Human Development In Waldorf Education, Sara Wright Jan 2000

The Evolving Child: Theories Of Human Development In Waldorf Education, Sara Wright

Presidential Scholars Theses (1990 – 2006)

Due to its strong emphasis on spiritual development in conjunction with physical and cognitive development, Rudolf Steiner's educational philosophy and its role in Waldorf schools have been relegated to relative obscurity within the educational establishment. Steiner's theories have been perceived as too radical and unusual for incorporation into traditional educational practices. However, upon closer examination, the organizational structure of Steiner's developmental theory bears significant similarities to better-known models of human development. For example, the division of children's cognitive growth into a hierarchical series of stages is also found in Piaget's celebrated model of human development ...


Fetal Pig: The High School Dissection Experience, Gracia Barr, Harold A. Herzog Jan 2000

Fetal Pig: The High School Dissection Experience, Gracia Barr, Harold A. Herzog

Education Collection

Using qualitative methods, we observed a series of fetal pig dissection sessions in a high school biology course and interviewed 17 students in the class. The students' responses to dissection varied considerably. Most felt that dissection was a positive experience, but a substantial minority viewed it primarily in negative terms. Almost all the students had some ambivalence about aspects of the fetal pig lab and believed that alternatives should be provided for students who object to the practice. We argue that dissection remains a viable educational tool but should be an optional rather than compulsory component of the curriculum.