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Educational Methods

1999

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Articles 1 - 30 of 51

Full-Text Articles in Education

Partner Reading: A Constructivist Based Approach To Developing Reading Skills In The Elementary Grades, Susan Wierzbowski Nov 1999

Partner Reading: A Constructivist Based Approach To Developing Reading Skills In The Elementary Grades, Susan Wierzbowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether partner reading can elicit a high level of comprehension of text while utilizing a style of learning that is natural for young children. A comparison between the partner reading technique and the traditional basal reading method on student comprehension was studied. Twenty-three second grade students from two classrooms were tested on two story selections. A counterbalance design was applied so that each story was presented in both the traditional teacher centered basal method and the partner reading technique. The questions which followed tested literal, interpretive, critical, and creative thinking. The partner ...


The Nairobi Model: A Focus On Primary Science Classroom Practice, Harcharan Pardhan, Alan E. Wheeler Sep 1999

The Nairobi Model: A Focus On Primary Science Classroom Practice, Harcharan Pardhan, Alan E. Wheeler

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

This (school based approach) complements the other advantage which comes with school-based teacher education: the opportunity to take stock of a learner-teacher’s needs, and, over an extended period, to cater for these needs, to monitor the ways they develop, and toe respond to these developments.


First Steps Professional Development: Its Effects On Teachers’ Ability To Understand And To Implement First Steps In Their Classrooms, Amy Kleemann-Wilson Aug 1999

First Steps Professional Development: Its Effects On Teachers’ Ability To Understand And To Implement First Steps In Their Classrooms, Amy Kleemann-Wilson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to document and to determine how First Steps professional development was helpful to teachers in their understanding of First Steps. This study also examined how First Steps professional development has impacted the ability of teachers to implement First Steps in their classrooms and incorporate First Steps strategies in their teaching. Furthermore, this study provided suggestions for how to further support teachers in their understanding and ability to implement First Steps.

The subjects of this study included a variety of teachers from grade levels ranging from kindergarten through fifth grade. The subjects also included special ...


The Effect Of Implementing The Cognitive Strategy Of Reciprocal Teaching To Facilitate Student Comprehension, Susan M. Hasenauer Aug 1999

The Effect Of Implementing The Cognitive Strategy Of Reciprocal Teaching To Facilitate Student Comprehension, Susan M. Hasenauer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of using a particular cognitive strategy, reciprocal teaching, to foster comprehension in comparison to direct instruction.

Twenty six above average sixth graders between the ages of eleven and twelve from an upstate urban New York school participated in this study. The study involved randomly separating the 26 students into two groups. Both groups examined the same segment of content area text, however, the material was presented differently. The control group was taught by direct instruction and the experimental group used a strategy called reciprocal teaching. A multiple choice test with a short ...


Instruction, Capacity, And Improvement, David K. Cohen, Deborah Loewenberb Ball Jun 1999

Instruction, Capacity, And Improvement, David K. Cohen, Deborah Loewenberb Ball

CPRE Research Reports

Since World War II, efforts to improve schools have numbered in the thousands. Most efforts have concentrated on improving the curriculum materials used in schools or on "training" teachers in new instructional methods. Many of these efforts have gone under the banner of "building instructional capacity," a term that for decades has been featured prominently in conversations about educational reform. Unfortunately, three decades of research has found that only a few interventions have had detectable effects on instruction and that, when such effects are detected, they rarely are sustained over time. A review of research and professional experience with school ...


Instruction, Capacity, And Improvement, David K. Cohen, Deborah Loewenberg Ball Jun 1999

Instruction, Capacity, And Improvement, David K. Cohen, Deborah Loewenberg Ball

CPRE Research Reports

Since World War II, efforts to improve schools have numbered in the thousands. Most efforts have concentrated on improving the curriculum materials used in schools or on "training" teachers in new instructional methods. Many of these efforts have gone under the banner of "building instructional capacity," a term that for decades has been featured prominently in conversations about educational reform. Unfortunately, three decades of research has found that only a few interventions have had detectable effects on instruction and that, when such effects are detected, they rarely are sustained over time. A review of research and professional experience with school ...


Students' And Teachers' Perceptions Of Year 12 Religious Education Programs In Catholic Schools In Victoria: Implications For Curriculum, Marian De Souza Jun 1999

Students' And Teachers' Perceptions Of Year 12 Religious Education Programs In Catholic Schools In Victoria: Implications For Curriculum, Marian De Souza

Theses

This research study aimed to explore and describe students' and teachers' perceptions of religious education programs for Year 12 students in Catholic schools in Victoria in light of theoretical concepts of religious education. It sought to discover how appropriate these programs were in meeting the needs of today's students and achieving the aims of religious education for senior secondary students in Catholic schools in Victoria. The purpose was to propose guiding principles that could inform a review of Year 12 religious education curriculum in Catholic schools. There were two broad areas of investigation to this study: the theory and ...


Incidental Learning From Visual Displays Among Fourth Grade Students, Jody L. Melnyk May 1999

Incidental Learning From Visual Displays Among Fourth Grade Students, Jody L. Melnyk

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to find out whether fourth grade students can recall information from untaught visual displays. One hundred and forty three students in six different classrooms were given a pretest on the names of the three branches of government and the main task of each. The three week treatment was comprised of a poster with pictures and print displayed prominently on the walls. At the end of the treatment, the pretest was re-administered as a posttest. A t-test indicated that the students exhibited a significant growth in the amount of information they know. They recalled information ...


Effects Of Direct Instruction And Precision Teaching On Achievement And Persistence Of Adult Learners, John H. Autrey Mar 1999

Effects Of Direct Instruction And Precision Teaching On Achievement And Persistence Of Adult Learners, John H. Autrey

Wayne State University Dissertations

Major urban areas in the United States are populated by under-educated and under-employed young adults for adults for a variety of socioeconomic and educational reasons. Increasingly, automated technology, maturing industries, changes in consumer demand and the emergence of more dynamic world-wide competition all have worked together to produce an almost insurmountable barrier for young urban high school dropouts. No longer can a high school dropout plan on factory work leading to self sufficiency in the United States, particularly in the Detroit metropolitan area. The purpose of this study was to research and report the effects of Direct Instruction and Precision ...


When Accountability Knocks, Will Anyone Answer?, Charles Abelmann, Richard Elmore Mar 1999

When Accountability Knocks, Will Anyone Answer?, Charles Abelmann, Richard Elmore

CPRE Research Reports

Pressure for increased school accountability is a distinctive hallmark of the present period of educational reform. Accountability, as presently defined in state and local educational policy, includes four major ideas: the school is the basic unit for the delivery of education and hence the primary place where teachers and administrators are held to account; schools are primarily accountable for student performance, generally defined as measured achievement on tests in basic academic subjects; school-site student performance is evaluated against externally-set standards that define acceptable levels of student achievement as mandated by states or localities; and evaluation of school performance is typically ...


When Accountability Knocks, Will Anyone Answer?, Charles Abelmann, Richard Elmore Mar 1999

When Accountability Knocks, Will Anyone Answer?, Charles Abelmann, Richard Elmore

CPRE Research Reports

Pressure for increased school accountability is a distinctive hallmark of the present period of educational reform. Account- ability, as presently defined in state and local educational policy, includes four major ideas: the school is the basic unit for the delivery of education and hence the primary place where teachers and administrators are held to account; schools are primarily accountable for student performance, generally defined as measured achievement on tests in basic academic subjects; school-site student performance is evaluated against externally-set standards that define accept- able levels of student achievement as mandated by states or localities; and evaluation of school performance ...


The Classroom Encounter, Reuben Hersh Mar 1999

The Classroom Encounter, Reuben Hersh

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Are We Requiring What Our Students Most Need?, Michael Alan Netzley Mar 1999

Introduction: Are We Requiring What Our Students Most Need?, Michael Alan Netzley

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Why devote a special issue to the topic of writing requirements for business students?The answer, I believe, is relatively simple: any such requirement mustreflect what business professionals should know and do in a knowledge economy.Because communication practices are changing radically, our requirements, too,must be reexamined. This issue provides a forum for such reexamination.


The Web Can Be Suitable For Learning, Gary C. Kessler, Ken Rosenblad, Steven D. Shepard Feb 1999

The Web Can Be Suitable For Learning, Gary C. Kessler, Ken Rosenblad, Steven D. Shepard

Security Studies & International Affairs - Daytona Beach

The authors discuss the advantages and difficulties of Web-based online distance learning. Web-based ODL can and does work for most learners when designed with high levels of interactivity and when cost and access issues can be adequately addressed. However, Web-based ODL requires a fundamental paradigm shift in how we define concepts like education and the classroom.


The Web Can Be Suitable For Learning, Gary C. Kessler, Ken Rosenblad, Steven D. Shepard Feb 1999

The Web Can Be Suitable For Learning, Gary C. Kessler, Ken Rosenblad, Steven D. Shepard

Applied Aviation Sciences - Daytona Beach

The authors discuss the advantages and difficulties of Web-based online distance learning. Web-based ODL can and does work for most learners when designed with high levels of interactivity and when cost and access issues can be adequately addressed. However, Web-based ODL requires a fundamental paradigm shift in how we define concepts like education and the classroom.


Modifying Teacher Behaviors To Promote Critical Thinking In K-12 Physical Education, Frances Cleland, John Helion, Frank F. Fry Jan 1999

Modifying Teacher Behaviors To Promote Critical Thinking In K-12 Physical Education, Frances Cleland, John Helion, Frank F. Fry

Kinesiology Faculty Publications

This study examined four physical educators' teaching behaviors before and after an intervention. The study was conducted over the span of three 15-week academic semesters. Phase 1 of the study involved videotaping the participants' instruction prior to intervention. In Phase 2, participants were involved in two workshops planned to convey teaching strategies related to promoting critical thinking in physical education. In addition, participants and co-investigators team-taught three sample lessons focused on incorporating teaching behaviors attempting to foster critical thinking. Data collection was completed during Phase 3 by videotaping each teacher during one unit of instruction. A chi-square analysis of post-intervention ...


Transforming Experiences: The Benefits Of Intellectual Risk, John Strassburger Jan 1999

Transforming Experiences: The Benefits Of Intellectual Risk, John Strassburger

Publications

This is the fourth in a series of occasional papers about the challenges confronting students and what Ursinus is doing to help them enter adult life.


Kinsey Dialogue Series #1: The Origins And Challenges Of Participatory Action Research, Orlando Fals Borda Jan 1999

Kinsey Dialogue Series #1: The Origins And Challenges Of Participatory Action Research, Orlando Fals Borda

Participatory Research & Practice

Participatory research as we now know it, with its emphasis on practice in conditions of exploitation and poverty, originated in Third World countries such as India, Brazil, Mexico, Tanzania and Colombia. Participatory research emerged around 1970, when socials scientists who shared a particular concern about life conditions among the rural poor, became dissatisfied with our training. Our conceptions of Cartesian rationality, progress, and "normal" science had been challenged, and we sought alternative emancipatory modes of research and action. This included looking for conceptual elements to guide our fieldwork that would take us beyond our tentative first steps with social psychology ...


Implications And Prospects Of Reforming The Market For Secondary Education In The U.S., Steve Kapsos Jan 1999

Implications And Prospects Of Reforming The Market For Secondary Education In The U.S., Steve Kapsos

University Avenue Undergraduate Journal of Economics

The purpose of this paper is to address the complex issue of public school reform. I will focus primarily on the rather generic concept of school choice, which will inevitably be defined and redefined, throughout my analysis. In doing this, I will first examine the structure and composition of the market for education in America. I will then briefly look at some theoretical approaches to educational reform. Lastly, I will examine specific reform proposals that draw on some of the many varying concepts of choice as well as currently enacted projects that have a form of choice as their focus ...


Tractatus Pedagogico Peripateticus (The Walk Of Future Learning), Daniel James Macneil Jan 1999

Tractatus Pedagogico Peripateticus (The Walk Of Future Learning), Daniel James Macneil

Master's Capstone Projects

Our understanding of human learning has been greatly improved by recent research findings from the fields of cognitive science, neurobiology, organizational studies, anthropology, linguistics, and evolutionary psychology. Despite all that is known, however, the majority of formal schools in the world operate much as they did 50 years ago. The pedagogy and the structure of the educational experience still reflect industrial age assumptions that are increasingly anachronistic in the modern knowledge production economy and in the post-modern cultural arena. Given the paucity of examples, it is difficult to visualize the characteristics of a future learning society - a society that embodies ...


Writer Motivation: Beyond The Intrinsic/ Extrinsic Dichotomy, Bradford A. Barry Jan 1999

Writer Motivation: Beyond The Intrinsic/ Extrinsic Dichotomy, Bradford A. Barry

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

This article articulates and develops a much needed theory of communication motivation which shows how we can nurture in our students rhetorically-based intrinsic motivations.


The Spirit & Church: Pentecostalism And Education, Yeol Soo Eim, Wonsuk Ma, Jean-Daniel Plüss, Sang-Whan Lee, Miguel Alvarez, David Daniels, Sam-Whan Kim Jan 1999

The Spirit & Church: Pentecostalism And Education, Yeol Soo Eim, Wonsuk Ma, Jean-Daniel Plüss, Sang-Whan Lee, Miguel Alvarez, David Daniels, Sam-Whan Kim

Spirit & Church, The

CONTENTS

EDITORIAL

Dedicating The Spirit & Church for the Kingdom of God.....Yeol Soo Eim

ARTICLES:

Pentecostalism and Public School: A Case Study of Rev. Dr. Seen-Ok Ahn.....Yeol Soo Eim

A Look at Modern Pneumatology in the Old Testament Perspective.....Wonsuk Ma

Pentecostal Theological Education in Europe: Past Programs, Present Perplexities, and Possible Projections.....Jean-Daniel Plüss

The Relevance of St. Basil’s Pneumatology to Modern Pentecostalism.....Sang-Whan Lee

Distinctives of Pentecostal Education.....Miguel Alvarez

“Live So Can Use Me Anytime, Lord, Anywhere”: Theological Education in the Church of God in Christ, 1970 to 1997.....David Daniels

God the Trinity and ...


Historical Antecedents Shaping The Terms Of Performance And Learning And Their Relationship In Human Resource Development: An Exploratory Study, John A. Henschke Edd Jan 1999

Historical Antecedents Shaping The Terms Of Performance And Learning And Their Relationship In Human Resource Development: An Exploratory Study, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

No abstract provided.


The National Society For Experiential Education Research Collaborative, National Society For Experiential Education Jan 1999

The National Society For Experiential Education Research Collaborative, National Society For Experiential Education

Service Learning, General

The National Society for Experiential Education is embarking on a new endeavor to advance our understanding of how experiential education impacts learning, teaching, and schooling in various contexts and communities. This endeavor, called the NSEE Research Collaborative, will convene national and local researchers to collaborate on a large-scale, multifaceted research study that will investigate various issues in experiential education.


Reviews, Anne E. Mullin, Keith Rhodes, Ellen Davis, Jean R. Trounstine Jan 1999

Reviews, Anne E. Mullin, Keith Rhodes, Ellen Davis, Jean R. Trounstine

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Reviews

Anne E. Mullin. Teaching Writing Creatively. (David Starkey, Ed., 1998).

Keith Rhodes. Zen in the Art of Rhetoric: An Inquiry into Coherence. (Mark Lawrence McPhail, 1996).

Ellen Davis. Women in Praise of the Sacred: 43 Centuries of Spiritual Poetry by Women. (Jane Hirshfield, Ed., 1994).

Jean R. Trounstine. Educational Drama and Language Arts: What Research Shows. (Betty Jane Wagner, 1998).


The New Accountability, Susan H. Fuhrman Jan 1999

The New Accountability, Susan H. Fuhrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

As part of standards-based reform, states and districts are designing new approaches to holding schools and districts accountable for discharging their missions. Virtually every state and thousands of districts are working on developing standards for student learning and aligning student assessments to those expectations. Most are taking the next step which is to use achievement of the standards as a basis for accountability.

The new accountability approaches emerging from this work differ from more traditional systems with respect to one or more of seven factors. District/school approval is being linked to student performance rather than compliance to regulations; accountability ...


The New Accountability, Susan H. Fuhrman Jan 1999

The New Accountability, Susan H. Fuhrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

As part of standards-based reform, states and districts are designing new approaches to holding schools and districts accountable for discharging their missions. Virtually every state and thousands of districts are working on developing standards for student learning and aligning student assessments to those expectations. Most are taking the next step which is to use achievement of the standards as a basis for accountability.

The new accountability approaches emerging from this work differ from more traditional systems with respect to one or more of seven factors. District/school approval is being linked to student performance rather than compliance to regulations; accountability ...


Service Learning Instrument-Health Professional (Sli-Hp), Tobin Lovell, Kelly White, Trent Thatcher, Amanda Mayle, Tonya Willis, Lisa Rambaldo, Katherine L. Cauley, Carla Clasen, Cheryl L. Meyer Jan 1999

Service Learning Instrument-Health Professional (Sli-Hp), Tobin Lovell, Kelly White, Trent Thatcher, Amanda Mayle, Tonya Willis, Lisa Rambaldo, Katherine L. Cauley, Carla Clasen, Cheryl L. Meyer

School of Professional Psychology Faculty Publications

To investigate whether the structured and applied nature of a service learning method results in changes in knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding working with underserved populations, the Service Learning Instrument-Health Professional (SLI-HP) was designed. This instrument measures both student experiences and changes in attitudes, skills, and knowledge resulting from participation in the service learning model. In its pilot administration, the SLI-HP was completed by 53 health profession students. No problems were found with item clarity or respondent's answering. Reliability analysis for the 23 items of the pretest yielded an alpha of 0.85. Copies of the SLP-HP pre-test and ...


Planning And Developing An Interactive Computerised Tutorial For Learning In Higher Education., Roisin Donnelly, Michael Gorman Jan 1999

Planning And Developing An Interactive Computerised Tutorial For Learning In Higher Education., Roisin Donnelly, Michael Gorman

Articles

This paper describes how a researcher-lecturer in higher education attempted to identify, in her course, the constraints within which the teaching was required to operate. To better understand this particular problem area in her professional practice, it was necessary to take the student voice seriously and to suggest a possible solution to the problem. It appeared that the 'Information Technology' module on a specific postgraduate course was particularly unattractive to the postgraduate students required to take it. The solution proposed was to develop and introduce into the module a form of innovation in course development, namely a Computer Assisted Learning ...


The Ethics Of Empathy: Making Connections In The Writing Classroom, Kia Jane Richmond Jan 1999

The Ethics Of Empathy: Making Connections In The Writing Classroom, Kia Jane Richmond

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Kia Jane Richmond teaches composition and ESL at Illinois State University, where she is completing her Ph.D. in English Studies. Her focus is on the intersection between emotions and the teaching of composition at the college level.