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Educational Methods

1995

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Articles 1 - 30 of 52

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Direct Instruction On The Decoding Skills Of Learning Disabled Student With An Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Stephanie Sample Dec 1995

The Effects Of Direct Instruction On The Decoding Skills Of Learning Disabled Student With An Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Stephanie Sample

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of direct instruction on the decoding skills of a student identified as learning disabled and with an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A procedure called the Corrective Reading Decoding Program was used to test this hypothesis. A single subject sign was used for this study. The subject received a direct instruction decoding program that consisted of sixty-five lessons, that took approximately six weeks to complete. An analysis by descriptive statistics showed that the subject improved his percentages at each grade level on the word lists, and improved at each reading level ...


Building Capacity For Education Reform, Jennifer O'Day, Margaret E. Goertz, Robert E. Floden Dec 1995

Building Capacity For Education Reform, Jennifer O'Day, Margaret E. Goertz, Robert E. Floden

CPRE Policy Briefs

Discussions of capacity should be broadened to include factors such as the relationships between individual, or teacher, capacity and the abilities of schools, and districts to accomplish standards-based, or systemic, reform. This brief provides a framework for thinking about capacity and suggests ways that systemic reform strategies could help increase capacity. It also describes how two such strategies - professional development and state assessment - were used to enhance educational capacity in states examined by CPRE.


Regular And Special Education Teachers' Perceptions Of Their Role In A Collaborative Teaching Model, Kristen Philbrick Dec 1995

Regular And Special Education Teachers' Perceptions Of Their Role In A Collaborative Teaching Model, Kristen Philbrick

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The purpose of this study was to investigate regular and special education teachers' perceptions of their role in a collaborative teaching model ..The subjects of this study were (N=39) from elementary, middle, and high school levels . A self-developed survey was used in collecting data for this research. Responses were categorized as either regular or special education, and how much question items were representative of each teacher's particular classroom situation. An independent sample t-test was used to determine any significant differences between the perceptions of regular and special education teachers. A. Pearson-r was used to examine any significant relationships ...


A Glipse Of A New Experiential Learning Theory Paradigm, John S. Duley Nov 1995

A Glipse Of A New Experiential Learning Theory Paradigm, John S. Duley

Service Learning, General

A pseudo NSIEE Occasional Paper printed as memorabilia for the Wingspread Service Learning History Project Conference, December 2-4, 1995. This was first presented as the closing Keynote address at the 1980 NSIEE conference in San Francisco. It was reworked on the basis of correspondence with Bob Sigmon and conversations with other illuminaries. I reworked it in its present form in June 1988 and submitted it to the then editor of Occasional Papers. For probably several good reasons of which I am not aware, it was not published. So on this occasion I have taken the liberty as a former editor ...


To Read Or Not To Read: The Enduring Question Of Low Adult Literacy In America, Daniel A. Wagner Oct 1995

To Read Or Not To Read: The Enduring Question Of Low Adult Literacy In America, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

In 1990, America's governors reached a historic consensus on a set of national educational goals as targets for the year 2000. Among these national goals was that " ... every adult American shall be literate." While this goal was widely applauded by those in the literacy community, much more national attention (and nearly 15 times the budgetary resources) has been devoted to the other goals that focus almost exclusively on improving the formal K-12 school system. Now, with the new Adult Education Act, welfare-reform legislation pending in Congress, and renewed debate over the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, the troubling (and ...


The Long-Term Effects On High School Seniors Of Learning To Read In Kindergarten, Ralph A. Hanson, Donna M. Farrell Oct 1995

The Long-Term Effects On High School Seniors Of Learning To Read In Kindergarten, Ralph A. Hanson, Donna M. Farrell

Donna M Farrell

This follow-up study assessed the educational history and current reading proficiencies of 3,959 high school seniors from 24 school districts in 10 U.S. states in 1986. The purpose was to examine the effects, if any, of receiving formal reading instruction in kindergarten. Over one-third of these students attended elementary schools that implemented a carefully developed beginning reading program in their kindergarten classes in 1973. Although the study included kindergarten students from all backgrounds, those from at-risk backgrounds were overrepresented. Three types of information were combined for each student to create a data base for this study: (a) the ...


Book Review: Introductory Algebra: A Just In Time Approach, By Alice Kaseberg, Gayle Smith Oct 1995

Book Review: Introductory Algebra: A Just In Time Approach, By Alice Kaseberg, Gayle Smith

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Of Students To Independent Learning, S. Kenneth Houston Oct 1995

Attitudes Of Students To Independent Learning, S. Kenneth Houston

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Practical Strategies For Facilitating Classroom Teachers' Involvement In Action Research, Deborah Sardo-Brown, Lesley A. Welsh, David L. Bolton Jul 1995

Practical Strategies For Facilitating Classroom Teachers' Involvement In Action Research, Deborah Sardo-Brown, Lesley A. Welsh, David L. Bolton

Educational Foundations & Policy Studies Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Teachers' And Principals' Perceptions Of The Impact Of Operation Physics On The Teaching Of Elementary Science In Michigan Schools, Brenda Prater Earhart Jun 1995

The Teachers' And Principals' Perceptions Of The Impact Of Operation Physics On The Teaching Of Elementary Science In Michigan Schools, Brenda Prater Earhart

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Michigan Operation Physics (MOP) on the teaching and learning of basic physics concepts in the elementary classroom as perceived by both the teachers and principals of those teachers. In addition, the study sought to identify the teachers' and principals' perceptions of the principal's role in promoting science at the elementary level.

The method used for this study was survey research. Questionnaires were mailed to Michigan Operation Physics participants, non- Michigan Operation Physics participants, and the principals of those teachers in southwestern Michigan.

Findings of this study were that ...


Student And Teacher Perceptions Of The Aversiveness Of Behavior Management Techniques, Brent Halstead May 1995

Student And Teacher Perceptions Of The Aversiveness Of Behavior Management Techniques, Brent Halstead

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

This research investigated teacher and student perceptions of behavior management techniques. Subjects for this study were all ninth grade students in a city high school. Both the students and their homeroom teachers were surveyed. The sample was drawn from a city school district in central Virginia. The sample provided 169 subjects, five teachers and 164 students.

The results of the study were consistent with previous research in the field. Students thought public discipline and techniques that involved outside forces (parents, principals , etc.) were most aversive. Students perceived token economies and private correction as not aversive.


Comparative Analysis Of Distance Learning And Traditional Instructional Delivery Methodologies In Selected Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Graduate Courses, James T. Gallogly May 1995

Comparative Analysis Of Distance Learning And Traditional Instructional Delivery Methodologies In Selected Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Graduate Courses, James T. Gallogly

Theses - Daytona Beach

A causal-comparative study that evaluated the qualitative and quantitative data for selected Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University graduate courses in both the distance learning and traditional classroom delivery methods. The population for this study was made up of two segments. The first segment consisted of all students that completed a particular Master of Aeronautical Science course through distance learning, with the instructor that developed the course. The second segment consisted of all students that completed a particular Master of Aeronautical Science course in the classroom environment with the instructor that developed the course for distance learning presentation. The primary instrument for this ...


Teaching Decision Making Skills, Beatrice Landrum Gallier May 1995

Teaching Decision Making Skills, Beatrice Landrum Gallier

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Summarized in this document are results from a survey distributed to find the number of hours elementary, middle and high school teachers were trained to teach the six decision making skills to students . This survey found that at least sixty percent of all teachers responding received no training. The teachers indicated which skills were the most important for students to acquire . The skills which were most important for students to acquire were rated among the lowest for student mastery of the concept/skill. Although many of the teachers were not trained, they did report teaching the skills as the situation ...


Special And Vocational Education Teachers' Perceptions Of Responsibility For Implementing Transition Objectives, Cindy Marie Driver May 1995

Special And Vocational Education Teachers' Perceptions Of Responsibility For Implementing Transition Objectives, Cindy Marie Driver

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Subjects from eight school districts in Central Virginia were surveyed. The sample included 73 secondary- school (grades 9 - 12) vocational education teachers from general academic public schools and 46 secondary {9 - 12 grades) special education teachers from public schools.

T-tests revealed significant differences in attitudes toward transition between the two groups. Special education teachers displayed significantly more awareness of transition goals, involvement in implementing these goals and increased communication about transition goals. Vocational education teachers indicated that they should attend the IEP meeting and have involvement in writing transition goals, but that they generally are not involved in either.

Transition ...


Regular Education Teacher's Perceptions Of Inclusion In Virginia, Karen F. Schroeder May 1995

Regular Education Teacher's Perceptions Of Inclusion In Virginia, Karen F. Schroeder

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Forty regular education teachers responded to a questionnaire concerning regular education teachers·beliefs and perceptions about the benefits. attitudes, and effectiveness of inclusion. The results were analyzed by calculating percentages and means for each item of the questionnaire and by calculating mean scores for each respondent's questionnaire to examine positive or negative reactions to inclusion. In addition. a t-test was computed. The results indicated that regular education teachers who responded were not strongly positive towards _the inclusion of students with disabilities into regular education classrooms. The t-test showed no significant difference between regular education teachers who have students with ...


Students’ Opinions Regarding Inclusion, Alicia A. Francesca May 1995

Students’ Opinions Regarding Inclusion, Alicia A. Francesca

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to determine students' opinions in regard to inclusive education programs and the effectiveness of these programs.

The subjects involved were 150 high school students from a suburban school district in western New York. Of those 150 students, 114 were regular education students and 36 were special education students. All participants were students in blended English classes.

Students were asked to anonymously complete a 16-item questionnaire in which they were asked to respond "yes, no, or unsure." As students returned the questionnaires to the classroom teacher, the teacher placed an identifying mark on the ...


Block Building: Opportunities For Learning, Harriet K. Cuffaro May 1995

Block Building: Opportunities For Learning, Harriet K. Cuffaro

Books

The learning opportunities available in block building, and the dramatic play accompanying it, are many and varied.


A Descriptive Study Of Physical Interventions For Students With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, Laura Claydon Apr 1995

A Descriptive Study Of Physical Interventions For Students With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, Laura Claydon

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The purpose of this research was to study the perceptions of teachers of students with emotional and behavioral disorders in the Virginia public schools on the topic of physical restraints in the classroom, and to determine training and policies regarding physical restraints that the schools are providing . These areas were studied through a survey of 104 EBD teachers from Virginia school districts. The questionnaire consisted of demographic information and ten likert scale statements reflecting perceptions of physical intervention. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. In addition, a Chi Square and an ANOVA were computed. Concerns that developed from ...


Preservice Teacher Education Using Flexible, Thematic Cohorts, Kenneth D. Peterson, Nancy Benson, Amy Driscoll, Ronald B. Narode, Douglas Sherman, Carol Tama Apr 1995

Preservice Teacher Education Using Flexible, Thematic Cohorts, Kenneth D. Peterson, Nancy Benson, Amy Driscoll, Ronald B. Narode, Douglas Sherman, Carol Tama

Curriculum and Instruction Faculty Publications and Presentations

Describes one school of education's response to the call for reform, and outlines the qualities unique to institutional change experienced in its evolution from a four-year undergraduate program to a fifth-year graduate teacher preparation program featuring thematic cohorts of students. Profiles of four of the cohorts are presented.


Lynn Educational Alternative Program (L.E.A.P.) Promotional Video, Leslie Kent Jan 1995

Lynn Educational Alternative Program (L.E.A.P.) Promotional Video, Leslie Kent

Student Theses, Dissertations, Portfolios and Projects

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Standards For Adult Literacy: Focal Points For Debate, Regie Stites, Ellen Lillian Foley, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1995

Standards For Adult Literacy: Focal Points For Debate, Regie Stites, Ellen Lillian Foley, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The prospect of developing content, performance, and opportunity-to-learn standards for adult literacy has generated much discussion. However, the lack of a common vocabulary and the relatively narrow range of interests represented in these discussions have been major impediments to progress in developing standards for adult literacy. This paper reviews literature on the theory and practice of education standards and summarizes the progress toward designing content, performance, and opportunity-to-learn standards for adult literacy. This review helps to highlight the technical issues and challenges to standards-based reform of the field. The development of efficient and equitable accountability systems for adult literacy programs ...


Introduction, Donald Hirsch, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1995

Introduction, Donald Hirsch, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Children are sent to school and told they must learn. Adults do their learning on a mostly voluntary basis. School is traditionally intended to prepar children for adult life and to pass on the wisdom of previous generations. Adult education is traditionally intended to offer citizens the possibility of bettering themselves and of filling gaps in their initial schooling. School is life's compulsory initiation. Adult learning has often been seen as life's optional extra.


Literacy And Cultural Differences: An Afterword, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1995

Literacy And Cultural Differences: An Afterword, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Within the educational research community, social, cultural, and linguistic interpretations of group differences have become increasingly prevalent. Whether one considers infant care, women at work, or IQ scores, there is no shortage of research that describes the various social attributes that "must have" led to such differences. As a number of chapters in this volume have indicated, a cultural explanation seems far more palatable—and allows for more societal intervention—that predecessor biological (read racial) claims. Yet, what do we really know about how societal interventions can take place effectively in a given educational domain or for individuals with different ...


Cooperative Learning: The Teacher's Perspective, Nancy A. Mickunas Jan 1995

Cooperative Learning: The Teacher's Perspective, Nancy A. Mickunas

Educational Studies Dissertations

This dissertation is an inquiry into what happens when classroom teachers in public schools study and adopt one or more of the cooperative learning models of David and Roger Johnson, Spencer Kagan, and/or Robert Slavin and shift the emphasis of their classrooms from competitive and individualistic to cooperative structures. Method: A representative sample of eighteen kindergarten through twelfth grade public school teachers from the suburbs of Boston were asked to relate their experiences with training and implementation of these cooperative models. The goal of this research was to explore both the common and unique experiences of these teachers and ...


Jaepl, Vol. 1, Winter 1995-1996, Alice G. Brand (Editor) Jan 1995

Jaepl, Vol. 1, Winter 1995-1996, Alice G. Brand (Editor)

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Essays

Mary C. Doane. Writing Reality: Constructivism, Metaphor, and Cosmology. Two philosophies of metaphor are contrasted in constructing discourse and reality.

Derek Owens. Earthworm Hermeneutics. As an alternative to recent misreadings of boundary politics, a more responsible, outsider pedagogy needs to be cultivated.

Tim Doherty. Strictly Ballroom? Dancing Along the Borders of Movement and Writing. Multiple intelligences are exercised when movement and writing intersect in the composition curriculum.

Ellen W. Kaplan. The Subversive Play: Using Play, Dream, and the Body in the Classroom. The as-if world of play brings body-centered knowledge into the expressive writing class.

Randi Patterson and Kim ...


The Found Play: Learning And Teaching The Value Of Interpretive Reading And Writing, Randi Patterson, Kim Jernigan Jan 1995

The Found Play: Learning And Teaching The Value Of Interpretive Reading And Writing, Randi Patterson, Kim Jernigan

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

The "found" play is designed to make explicit the interpretive strategies that students use in everyday life, in a literary work, and in critical reading and writing.


Theory And Practice On Preparing Human Resource Development Professionals, John A. Henschke Edd Jan 1995

Theory And Practice On Preparing Human Resource Development Professionals, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

Theory and practice in college and university academic programs preparing Human Resource Development (HRD) Professional Practitioners have seldom been addressed in the same places or times. This paper clarifies the terms, theory, practice, academic program, learning, learning organization; traces some history of the issues; provides a case illustration of how an HRD professional prepared in a program advocating a supportive connection between theory and practice, modeled that in his own professional career and developed support within the university setting.


Developing A Mentoring Program Improvement Evaluation Model, John A. Henschke Edd Jan 1995

Developing A Mentoring Program Improvement Evaluation Model, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

Formal adult teacher model mentoring programs tend to have a predictable set of elements: policies, mentor selection procedures, mentor training activities, mentor role expectations, mentor-adult teacher matching, and secondary development relationships. Mentoring is an individualized, long-term, teaching/learning relationship between two people used to accomplish a variety of purposes. Yet, little evaluation has been conducted to determine its results, or the effectiveness of the current process, with an eye to making program improvements. The purpose of this qualitative research study was to: develop a program improvement model for an adult teacher mentoring program; apply the model to a formal adult ...


Back Matter, Alice G. Brand Jan 1995

Back Matter, Alice G. Brand

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

No abstract provided.


Subjectivity And Academic Discourse: Apples, Cupcakes, And Beige, Frances Jo Grossman Jan 1995

Subjectivity And Academic Discourse: Apples, Cupcakes, And Beige, Frances Jo Grossman

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

The relationship between intentional autobiographical reference and academic research yields a discourse called the writer-scholar's story of knowing.