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Educational Methods

University of Pennsylvania

1999

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Education

Instruction, Capacity, And Improvement, David K. Cohen, Deborah Loewenberb Ball Jun 1999

Instruction, Capacity, And Improvement, David K. Cohen, Deborah Loewenberb Ball

CPRE Research Reports

Since World War II, efforts to improve schools have numbered in the thousands. Most efforts have concentrated on improving the curriculum materials used in schools or on "training" teachers in new instructional methods. Many of these efforts have gone under the banner of "building instructional capacity," a term that for decades has been featured prominently in conversations about educational reform. Unfortunately, three decades of research has found that only a few interventions have had detectable effects on instruction and that, when such effects are detected, they rarely are sustained over time. A review of research and professional experience with school ...


Instruction, Capacity, And Improvement, David K. Cohen, Deborah Loewenberg Ball Jun 1999

Instruction, Capacity, And Improvement, David K. Cohen, Deborah Loewenberg Ball

CPRE Research Reports

Since World War II, efforts to improve schools have numbered in the thousands. Most efforts have concentrated on improving the curriculum materials used in schools or on "training" teachers in new instructional methods. Many of these efforts have gone under the banner of "building instructional capacity," a term that for decades has been featured prominently in conversations about educational reform. Unfortunately, three decades of research has found that only a few interventions have had detectable effects on instruction and that, when such effects are detected, they rarely are sustained over time. A review of research and professional experience with school ...


When Accountability Knocks, Will Anyone Answer?, Charles Abelmann, Richard Elmore Mar 1999

When Accountability Knocks, Will Anyone Answer?, Charles Abelmann, Richard Elmore

CPRE Research Reports

Pressure for increased school accountability is a distinctive hallmark of the present period of educational reform. Accountability, as presently defined in state and local educational policy, includes four major ideas: the school is the basic unit for the delivery of education and hence the primary place where teachers and administrators are held to account; schools are primarily accountable for student performance, generally defined as measured achievement on tests in basic academic subjects; school-site student performance is evaluated against externally-set standards that define acceptable levels of student achievement as mandated by states or localities; and evaluation of school performance is typically ...


When Accountability Knocks, Will Anyone Answer?, Charles Abelmann, Richard Elmore Mar 1999

When Accountability Knocks, Will Anyone Answer?, Charles Abelmann, Richard Elmore

CPRE Research Reports

Pressure for increased school accountability is a distinctive hallmark of the present period of educational reform. Account- ability, as presently defined in state and local educational policy, includes four major ideas: the school is the basic unit for the delivery of education and hence the primary place where teachers and administrators are held to account; schools are primarily accountable for student performance, generally defined as measured achievement on tests in basic academic subjects; school-site student performance is evaluated against externally-set standards that define accept- able levels of student achievement as mandated by states or localities; and evaluation of school performance ...


The New Accountability, Susan H. Fuhrman Jan 1999

The New Accountability, Susan H. Fuhrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

As part of standards-based reform, states and districts are designing new approaches to holding schools and districts accountable for discharging their missions. Virtually every state and thousands of districts are working on developing standards for student learning and aligning student assessments to those expectations. Most are taking the next step which is to use achievement of the standards as a basis for accountability.

The new accountability approaches emerging from this work differ from more traditional systems with respect to one or more of seven factors. District/school approval is being linked to student performance rather than compliance to regulations; accountability ...


The New Accountability, Susan H. Fuhrman Jan 1999

The New Accountability, Susan H. Fuhrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

As part of standards-based reform, states and districts are designing new approaches to holding schools and districts accountable for discharging their missions. Virtually every state and thousands of districts are working on developing standards for student learning and aligning student assessments to those expectations. Most are taking the next step which is to use achievement of the standards as a basis for accountability.

The new accountability approaches emerging from this work differ from more traditional systems with respect to one or more of seven factors. District/school approval is being linked to student performance rather than compliance to regulations; accountability ...