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Full-Text Articles in Education

Building Capacity For Education Reform, Jennifer O'Day, Margaret E. Goertz, Robert E. Floden Dec 1995

Building Capacity For Education Reform, Jennifer O'Day, Margaret E. Goertz, Robert E. Floden

CPRE Policy Briefs

Discussions of capacity should be broadened to include factors such as the relationships between individual, or teacher, capacity and the abilities of schools, and districts to accomplish standards-based, or systemic, reform. This brief provides a framework for thinking about capacity and suggests ways that systemic reform strategies could help increase capacity. It also describes how two such strategies - professional development and state assessment - were used to enhance educational capacity in states examined by CPRE.


To Read Or Not To Read: The Enduring Question Of Low Adult Literacy In America, Daniel A. Wagner Oct 1995

To Read Or Not To Read: The Enduring Question Of Low Adult Literacy In America, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

In 1990, America's governors reached a historic consensus on a set of national educational goals as targets for the year 2000. Among these national goals was that " ... every adult American shall be literate." While this goal was widely applauded by those in the literacy community, much more national attention (and nearly 15 times the budgetary resources) has been devoted to the other goals that focus almost exclusively on improving the formal K-12 school system. Now, with the new Adult Education Act, welfare-reform legislation pending in Congress, and renewed debate over the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, the troubling (and ...


Standards For Adult Literacy: Focal Points For Debate, Regie Stites, Ellen Lillian Foley, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1995

Standards For Adult Literacy: Focal Points For Debate, Regie Stites, Ellen Lillian Foley, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The prospect of developing content, performance, and opportunity-to-learn standards for adult literacy has generated much discussion. However, the lack of a common vocabulary and the relatively narrow range of interests represented in these discussions have been major impediments to progress in developing standards for adult literacy. This paper reviews literature on the theory and practice of education standards and summarizes the progress toward designing content, performance, and opportunity-to-learn standards for adult literacy. This review helps to highlight the technical issues and challenges to standards-based reform of the field. The development of efficient and equitable accountability systems for adult literacy programs ...


Introduction, Donald Hirsch, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1995

Introduction, Donald Hirsch, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Children are sent to school and told they must learn. Adults do their learning on a mostly voluntary basis. School is traditionally intended to prepar children for adult life and to pass on the wisdom of previous generations. Adult education is traditionally intended to offer citizens the possibility of bettering themselves and of filling gaps in their initial schooling. School is life's compulsory initiation. Adult learning has often been seen as life's optional extra.


Literacy And Cultural Differences: An Afterword, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1995

Literacy And Cultural Differences: An Afterword, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Within the educational research community, social, cultural, and linguistic interpretations of group differences have become increasingly prevalent. Whether one considers infant care, women at work, or IQ scores, there is no shortage of research that describes the various social attributes that "must have" led to such differences. As a number of chapters in this volume have indicated, a cultural explanation seems far more palatable—and allows for more societal intervention—that predecessor biological (read racial) claims. Yet, what do we really know about how societal interventions can take place effectively in a given educational domain or for individuals with different ...